Table of contents
T.V. GUSEVA1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.I. ZAKHAROV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
Ya.P. MOLCHANOVA1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), M.A. VARTANYAN1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering);
A.A. AKBEROV2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
1 Dmitry Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia (9, Miusskaya Sq., 125047 Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 «LSR Stenovye-M» (12, Aviamotornaya Street, 111024, Moscow, Russian Federation)
The Best Accessible Technologies of Ceramic Building Materials Production
as an Instrument of Ecological Regulation of the Industry
The article is devoted to prospects of the transition to the ecological regulation in the field of environment in Russia. Features and results of the process of preparation of the information-
technical reference guide of the best accessible technologies (BAT) «Manufacture of Ceramic Products» are described; its contents are considered. Examples of BAT for production
of ceramic products applicable in the industry in general, and values of technological parameters set for the production of bricks are presented. A suggestion to revise the criteria of
attributing the enterprises for ceramic products manufacture to the objects of the first category is made. Recommendations on the improvement and actualization of the reference guide
and conduction of pilot projects at Russian enterprises are proposed.
Keywords: energy saving, resource saving, best accessible technologies, complex environmental permit, technological regulation, information-technical reference guides, ceramic building
materials, benchmarking, pilot projects, complex environment permits.
1. BREEAM International New Construction (NC)
Scheme. URL: http://www.breeam.org/page.jsp?id=293
2. LEED Reference Guide for Building Design and
Construction. LEED version: v4. 2013. URL: http://
3. Tsitsin K.G. Energy-efficient technology – the future of
housing. Effektivnoe antikrizisnoe upravlenie. 2013.
No. 2 (77), pp. 50–51. (In Russian).
4. Remizov A.N. On Stimulation of environmentally sustainable
architecture and building.
[Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 1,
pp. 41–43. (In Russian).
5. GOST R 54964-2012 Conformity assessment. Environmental
requirements for real estate. Federal Agency
on Technical Regulating and Metrology. 36 p.
6. Averochkin E.M., Molchanova Ya.P., Guseva T.V.,
Vartanyan M.A. National standards for best available
techniques as a tool for environmental regulation of enterprises,
producing ceramic products. Khimicheskaya
promyshlennost’ segodnya. 2013. No. 9, pp. 34–42.
7. Guseva T.V., Begak M.V., Molchanova Ya.P., Averochkin
E.M., Vartanyan M.A. Prospects for the introduction
of best available technologies and transition to
integrated environmental permits in the production of
glass and ceramics. Steklo i keramika. 2014. No. 7,
pp. 26–36. (In Russian).
8. Skobelev D.O., Mezentseva O.V. NTD - an element of
control and to prevent negative impacts on the environment.
Kontrol’ kachestva produktsii. 2014. No. 6, pp. 7–12.
9. Guseva T.V., Molchanova Ya.P., Mironov A.V., Malkov
A.V. Best available techniques: a new environmental
dimension of quality in the building materials industry.
Kompetentnost’. 2015. No. 8, pp. 48.
10. Federal Law of July 21, 2014 № 219-FZ “On Amendments
to the Federal Law” On Environmental Protection “and
Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”.
Rossiiskaya gazeta – Federal’nyi vypusk. 2014.
No. 6438 (166). (In Russian).
11. RF Government Resolution of September 28, 2015
№ 1029 “On approval of the criteria for classifying objects
that have a negative impact on the environment, to the
objects I, II, III and IV categories.” http://government.
12. The Handbook of Environmental Voluntary Agreements.
Design, Implementation and Evaluation Issues. Ed.
Croci Edoardo. Netherlands: Springer. 381 p.
13. Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and
of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions
(integrated pollution prevention and control).
Official Journal of the European Union. 17.12.2010,
14. Begak M.V., Boravskaya T.V., Ruut Yu., Molchanova
Ya.P., Zakharov A.I., Sivkov S.P. Nailuchshie
dostupnye tekhnologii i kompleksnye ekologicheskie razresheniya:
perspektivy primeneniya v Rossii [Best available
techniques and integrated environmental permits:
prospects of application in Russia] Moscow: YurInfoRPress.
2010. 220 p.
15. Information and technical reference “Production of ceramic
products” ITS 4M .: Bureau of BAT. 2015. http://
16. GOST R 55646-2013. Resource. Manufacture of
bricks and ceramic stones. Guidance on the application
of best available energy efficiency and environmental
impact of technology. Moscow: Standartinform.
2014. (In Russian).
17. Reference Document on Best Available Techniques in
Ceramic Manufacturing Industry. The European IPPC
Bureau, 2007. URL: http://eippcb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/reference/
18. Guseva T.V., Begak M.V., Molchanova Ya.P. Principles
of creation and perspectives of information and technical
УДК 691.42 + 552.52
A.V. KOTLYAR1, Engineer (email@example.com), B.V. TALPA2, Candidate of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
Ya.V. LAZAREVA1, Engineer
Features of Chemical Com positions of Argillite-like Clays and Argillites
1 Rostov State University of Civil Engineering (162, Sotcialisticheskaya Street, Rostov-na-Donu, 344022, Russian Federation)
2 Southern Federal University (105/42, Bolshaya Sadovaya Street, Rostov-na-Donu, 344006, Russian Federation)
The characteristic of the chemical composition and structural features of stone-like argillous raw material which includes argillite-like clays, argillites, clay-slates, siltstones and transitional
varieties of these types of rocks is presented. The substantiation of a specific set of rock-forming elements in the composition of this raw material that determines the suitability
of this raw material for manufacturing building ceramics is made. Ceramic and technological properties are presented. It is revealed that the chemical composition of argillite-like clays
and argillites favors the obtaining, on their basis, roof tile, facing, wall, and road clinker bricks that makes this raw material enough promising.
Keywords: clay, argillite, minerals, ceramics, brick.
1. Kotlyar V.D., Kozlov A.V., Kotlyar A.V., Teriohina U.V.
Features the claystone of East Donbass as raw materials
for production of wall ceramics. Vestnik MGSU. 2014.
No. 10, pp. 95–105. (In Russian).
2. Talpa B.V., Kotlyar A.V. Mineral resources the litifitsirovannykh
of clay breeds of the South of Russia for production of
construction ceramics. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2015. No. 4, pp. 31–33. (In Russian).
3. Kara-sal B.K., Kotel’nikov V.I., Sapelkina T.V. Receiving
ceramic wall material from overburden breeds of coal
preparation. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki. 2015.
No. 2, pp. 160–163. (In Russian).
4. Stolboushkin A.U. Wall ceramic materials of matrix
structure on the basis of enrichment of waste of carbonaceous
claystone. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel’stvo. 2013.
No. 2–3, pp. 28–36. (In Russian).
5. Stolboushkin A.U., Ivanov A.I., Syromyasov V.A.,
Fomina O.A., Druzhinin M.S., Zlobin V.I. Effect of annealing
temperature on the sintering of the ceramic shard
from tailings carbonaceous argillite. Izvestiya vuzov.
Stroitel’stvo. 2015. No. 10 (682), pp. 39–48. (In Russian).
6. Ezerskii V. A. Clinker. Technology and properties.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011.
No. 4, pp. 79–81. (In Russian).
7. Osipov V.I., Sokolov V.N. Gliny i ikh svoistva. Sostav,
stroenie i formirovanie svoistv [Clays and their properties.
The composition, structure and formation properties].
Moscow: GEOS. 2013. 576 p.
8. Frolov V.T. Litologiya. Kniga 2. [Lithology. Book 2].
Moscow: GEOS.1993. 432 p.
9. Kotel’nikov D.D., Konyukhov A.I. Glinistye mineraly
osadochnykh porod [Clay minerals of sedimentary rocks].
Moscow: Nedra. 1986. 247 p.
10. Kotlyar V.D, Teriohina U.V., Kotlyar A.V. Technique of
tests of stone raw materials for production of wall products of
compression formation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 4, pp. 24–27. (In Russian).
11. Kotlyar V.D, TerekhinaYu.V., Kotlyar A.V. Technique of
tests of stone raw materials for production of wall products
of compression formation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 4, pp. 24–27. (In Russian).
12. Kotlyar A.V., Talpa B.V. Features of claystone of the
South of Russia as raw materials for production of clincer.
The collection of works of scientific conference of students
and young scientists with the international participation
«Actual problems of sciences about Earth».
Rostov-on-Don: SFU. 2015. pp. 51–53. (In Russian).
13. Avgustinik A.I. Keramika [Ceramics]. Leningrad:
Stroiizdat. 1975. 592 p.
14. Logvinenko N.V. Petrografiya osadochnykh porod
[Petrography of sedimentary rocks]. Moscow: Vysshaja
shkola. 1984. 450 p.
15. The help document on the best available technologies.
Complex prevention and control of environmental pollution.
Production of pottery. Brussels: Works of institute
on research of perspective technologies of the EU. 2007.
A.M. SALAKHOV1, Candidate of Science (Engineering) (email@example.com); V.P. MOROZOV2, Doctor of Science (Geology);
A.L. BOGDANOVSKIY3, Production Manager; L.R. TAGIROV1, Doctor of Science (Physics and Mathematics)
Optimization of Brick Production from Clays of the Vlasovo-Timoninskoe Deposit
1 Kazan Federal University. Institute of Physics (18, Kremlevskaya Street, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation)
2 Kazan Federal University. Institute of Geology and Petroleum Technology (18, Kremlevskaya Street, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation)
3 ”Lasselsberger-Ufa” OOO (8, Electrozavodskaya Street, Zubovo Village, 450520, Ufa District, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
Different points of view on the behavior of kaolin clays in the process of burning are presented. Thermal characteristics of the clay of the Vlasovo-Timoninskoe deposit have been studied.
Mineral phases formed in the process of burning are revealed. The comparison of data obtained with mineral phases of burned clays from other deposits has been made. On the
basis of the study results, corrections have been made in the burning regime at the facing brick factory of the LSR Group in the city of Pavlovsky Posad, Moscow oblast.
Keywords: energy saving, ceramics, ceramic brick, kaolinite, kaolinite clays, thermal study, mineral phases, characteristics of material.
1. Timoshenco T.I., Shamshurov V.M., Timoshenco K.V.
Issledovanie prozessa fasoobrazovaniy pri termoobrabotke
kaolinita. Belgorod. 2010.
2. Sidelnikova M.B., Pogrebencov B.M. Keramichesckie
pigmenti na osnove prirodnogo i technogennogo mineralnogo
ciria. Tomsk. 2014. 262 p.
3. Schegolev I.F. Elementy statisticheskoy mechaniki, termodinamiki
i kinetiki. Dolgoprudniy: «Intellekt». 2008.
4. Salakhov A.M., Tagirov L.R. Structuroobrazovanie
keramiki iz glin, formiruiushich pri obshige razlichnie
mineralnie fazi. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2015. No. 8, pp. 68–74. (In Russian).
5. Merer Kh. Diffusiya v tverdykh telakh [Diffusion in
Solids. Translation from English: Scientific publication].
Dolgoprudniy: «Intellekt». 2011. 536 p.
6. Nicolis G., Prigogine I. Posnanie sloznogo. Vvedenie.
[Exploring complexity. An introduction.Translation from
English]. Moscow. Mir, 1990. 334 p.
A.Yu. STOLBOUSHKIN1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org); G.I. STOROZHENKO2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com);
A.I. IVANOV1, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.A. SYROMYASOV1, Engineer, D.V. AKST1, Engineer
Rational Methods for Raw Material Preparation in the Wall Ceramics Technology of Compression Molding*
1 Siberian State Industrial University (42, Kirov Street, Kemerovo Region, Novokuznetsk, 654007, Russian Federation)
2 «Baskey Keramik», OOO (1b, Stepana Razina Street, Chelyabinsk, 454111, Russian Federation)
The rational methods for raw material preparation in the wall ceramics technology of compression molding are formulated. It is established that for the low-quality clay raw materials
and industrial waste the grinding up to class -0.3 +0 mm is required. The best packaging of the fine-dispersed raw material during the molding is achieved through its preliminary aggregation
in the mixer-granulators of intense action. It is found that at optimal molding pressures in the process of adobe compaction before the plastic deformation of granules at their
boundaries the concentration of the liquid phase takes place due to the squeezing moisture out of the granules that contributes to sintering of the product during burning. In the industrial
conditions the possibility for production of an effective facing ceramic brick by compression molding from low-quality raw material and industrial wastes with an optimal stricture,
high mechanical and decorative qualities is confirmed.
Keywords: rational raw material preparation, ceramic brick, compression molding, granulation, optimal structure
1. Kramer C. Ceramic Ethnoarchaeology. Annual Review of
Anthropology. 1985. No. 14, pp. 77–102.
2. Laefer D. Engineering Properties of Historic Brick:
Variability Considerations as a Function of Stationary
versus Nonstationary Kiln Types. Journal of the American
Institute for Conservation. 2004. No. 3, pp. 255–272.
3. Ashmarin G.D. Status and prospects of development of
the production base of ceramic wall materials in Russia.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2006.
No. 8, p. 6. (In Russian).
4. Ashmarin G.D., Kurnosov V.V., Belyaev S.E. et al.
Substantiation of efficiency of compression molding of
ceramic building materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2011. No. 8, pp. 8–9. (In Russian).
5. Stolboushkin A.Yu. The theoretical basis for formation of
ceramic ma-trix composites based on natural and technogenic
raw materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2011. No. 2, pp. 10–15. (In Russian).
6. Schlegel I.F. Problems of semidry pressing of bricks.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2005.
No. 2, pp. 18–19. (In Russian).
7. Vylomov F.A. Import substitution of building materials in
Russia. Stroitel’stvo. 2015. No. 4, pp. 40–42. (http://
a n c b . r u / f i l e s / p d f / p c / O t r a s l e v o y _ z h u r n a l _
Stroitelstvo_-_2015_god_04_2015_pc.pdf). (In Russian).
8. Grubachich B. Company BEDESCHI: the second
century among the leaders of mechanical engineering for
the ceramic industry Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2009. No. 4, pp. 30–31. (In Russian).
9. Rogovoy M.I. Tekhnologiya iskusstvennykh poristykh
zapolnitelei i keramiki [The technology of artificial porous
aggregates and ceramics]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1974. 315 p.
10. Storozhenko G.I., Gurov N.G., Chivelev V.D. et al.
[Experimental-industrial testing of the technology of
fine-grinded mineral and technogenious and clay
carbonized raw materials for the production of wall
ceramics]. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 48–50. (In Russian).
11. Spravochnik po proizvodstvu stroitel’noi keramiki. Tom III.
Stenovaya i krovel’naya keramika [Guide to the production
of building ceramics. Volume III. Wall and roof ceramics.
Ed. by Skramtaeva B.G.] Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1962. 608 p.
12. Kaynarsky I.S., Lesnichenko S.L. Ogneupory
[Refractories]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1948. 361 p.
13. Ivanov A.I., Stolboushkin A.Yu., Storozhenko G.I.
Principles of creat-ing the optimal structure of a semi-dried
pressed ceramic brick. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2015. No. 4, pp. 65–69. (In Russian).
14. Stolboushkin A.Yu., Ivanov A.I., Zorya V.N. et al. Features of
granulation of technogenic and natural raw materials for
production of wall ceramics. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 85–89. (In Russian).
Efficient Solution of Self-Cost Reduction of Ceramic Products Manufactured by Semi-Dry Pressing Method
V.A. KLEVAKIN, Engineer (email@example.com), Executive Director, E.V. KLEVAKINA, Engineer, Chief Technologist
«NANO KERAMIKA» OOO (18a-25, 50 Let SSSR Street, Sverdlovsk Region, Pervouralsk, 623103, Russian Federation)
The necessity of introducing a binder to the charge for producing the clinker brick by the method of semi-dry compression is substantiated. The technological bond «KOMPAS-BR»
which is a colloid mix of liquid glass and organic activators is described. Results of the laboratory study of the bond application efficiency conducted at OAO «Sukholozhsky ogneuporny
zavod» are presented. It is shown that the introduction of the binder «KOMPAS-BR» in a quantity of 6% makes it possible to improve the strength of samples by 93%.
Keywords: energy saving, resource saving, self-cost reduction, adhesion, wetting, ceramic brick, binder, liquid glass, technical lignosulphonates, solid-phase sintering.
1. Deryabin V.A., Klevakina E.V. Explore the use of
inorganic binders for briquetting of powder materials.
Novye ogneupory. 2015. No. 3, pp. 39–40. (In Russian).
2. Kiik A.A., Markova S.V., Kormina I.V., Markova Zh.S. The
use of polymers in the production of metallurgical briquettes.
Novye ogneupory. 2013. No. 3, pp. 29–30. (In Russian).
3. Zemlyanoi K.G. Temporary bonding technology in the
industry. Novye ogneupory. 2013. No. 3, pp. 15–17.
4. Ebbrekht T., Veierskhauzen B., Fon Raimon Lipinski T.,
Shtorm Kh. New high-performance bundle for refractories.
Novye ogneupory. 2009. No. 7, pp. 37–39. (In Russian).
Wall Ceramics from Non-Traditional Raw Materials
B.K. KARA-SAL, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), D.H. SAT, Engineer, Sh.V. SEREN, Engineer, D.S. MONGUSh, Engineer
Tuva state university (36, Lenina Street, Kyzyl, Respublika Tyva, 667000, Russian Federation)
A possibility to obtain wall ceramic materials of porous dense ceramic body on the basis of non-traditional materials, as quartz-feldspar-zeolite rocks and sandstones, is shown. It is
proved that quartz-feldspar-zeolite rock is suitable for manufacturing porous ceramic wall products at the burning temperature of 900–1000оC and for formation of the dense sintered
structure and moderate fire shrinkage of the mass, the introduction of 20% of sandstone is required.
Keywords: energy saving, resource saving, expansion of raw material base, ceramic brick, quartz-feldspar-zeolite rock, sandstones, properties, porous and dense ceramic stone.
1. Kotlyar V.D., Ustinov A.V., Kovalev V.Yu., Terekhina
Yu.V., Kotlyar A.V. Ceramic stones of compression
moulding on the basis of gaizes and coal preparation
waste. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 4, pp. 44–48. (In Russian).
2. Stolboushkin A.Ju., Stolboushkina O.A., Ivanov A.I.,
Syromjasov V.A., Pljas M.A. Wall ceramic materials of
matrix structure from cleaning rejects of coaly argillites.
Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Stroitel’stvo. 2013.
No. 2–3 (650–651), pp. 28–36. (In Russian).
3. Gurieva V.A., Dubinetsky V.V., Vdovin K.M. Drilling
Slurry in Production of Building Ceramic Products.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015.
No. 4, pp. 75–77. (In Russian).
4. Ovcharenko G.I., Sviridov V.L., Kazanceva L.K.
Ceolity v stroitel’nyh materialah [Zeolites in construction
materials]. Barnaul: AltGTU. 2000. 320 p.
5. Yatsenko N.D., Zubekhin A.P. Scientific bases of innovative
technologies of ceramic bricks and the management
of its properties depending on chemical and
mineralogical composition of materials. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 4, pp.
28–31. (In Russian).
6. Vakalova T.V., Pogrebenkov V.M., Revva I.B.
Technological ways of regulation of behavior of ceramic
masses to drying. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2005. No. 2, pp. 56–58. (In Russian).
V.V. KURNOSOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics) (email@example.com), A.A. DOROZhKIN2, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org),
N.N. KALININA2, Engineer, V.R. TIHONOVA1, Engineer, A.V. FILATOV1, Master
Energy Efficient Technologies of Ceramic Products Burning in Chamber Kilns
1 OOO «KOMAS» (8A, Martovskaja Street, Aprelevka, Moscow Region, 143362, Russian Federation)
2 OOO NPP «Teploograzhdenie» (1, Parkovaja Street, Aprelevka, Moscow Region, 143360, Russian Federation)
Technical solutions, which make it possible to manufacture chamber kilns of periodical action for ceramic products burning meeting the complex of technological and energy-environmental
requirements, are considered. It is shown that the manufacture of chamber kilns for small enterprises which produce from 5 to 15 million pieces of equivalent brick per year and
especially use the method of compression molding is very actual one. It is possible to execute the reducing firing in gas-tight chamber kilns. The design of the chamber kiln with recirculation
contours makes it possible, with the use of high-speed recuperative burners, to obtain the high uniformity of the temperature field on the surface of heated products and for the
whole volume of kiln space as well as to reduce the fuel consumption by up to 40%.
Keywords: energy efficiency, chamber kilns, recuperative burners, burning, ceramic fiber, ceramic products, compression molding, fuel saving.
1. Kurnosov V.V., Shakhov I.I. Technology fast firing
ceramic products. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2001. No. 2, p. 7. (In Russian).
2. Shakhov I.I., Kurnosov V.V. Two-chamber furnace for
firing ceramic products. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2003. No. 2, p. 24. (In Russian).
3. Ashmarin G.D., Kurnosov V.V., Lastochkin V.G. Energy
and resources saving technology of ceramic wall materials.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010.
No. 4, pp. 24–27. (In Russian).
4. Ashmarin G.D., Lastochkin V.G., Sinyansky V.I.,
Ilyukhin V.V., Kurnosov V.V. Reduction of a cycle of
thermal treatment in technology of ceramic brick
compression moulding. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 4, pp. 43–44.
5. Grishin I.E., Gorshkov A.S., Gubin B.P. On increasing
the energy efficiency of thermal units due to the prospects
of the use of modern fire-resistant and heat-insulating
materials. Novye ogneupory. 2007. No. 12, pp. 6–9.
6. Shakhov I.I., Dorozhkin A.A., Kalinina N.N., Kurnosov
V.V. Construction linings of thermal and heating
furnaces based fibrous refractory materials. Proceedings
of the III International scientific-practical conference:
Metallurgical heat engineering: history, current status
and future. On the centenary of the birth of Glinkova
M.A. 2006. (In Russian).
7. Nevgen P., Richardson D. Unique anchor design
produces improved refractory performance (Vhi –
Gmbh). The Refractories Engineer. 2003. p. 38.
8. Grechishnikov Ya.M., Belov M.L., Kurnosov V.V.
Construction of a two-stage system with width modulation
to control the temperature of the combustion furnace.
Kuznechno-shtampovochnoe proizvodstvo. 1987. No. 10.
9. Dorokhina O.G., Kurnosov V.V., Levitskii I.A.
Mathematical modeling of gas dynamics and heat transfer
in the workspace precision heating furnace at various
modes of burners. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Sword. 2012.
Vol. 10. (In Russian).
10. Spirin N.A., Lavrov V.V., Rybolovlev V.Yu., Krasnobaev
A.V., Onorin O.P., Kosachenko I.E. Model’nye
sistemy podderzhki prinyatiya reshenii v ASUTP domennoi
plavki [Model decision support system in an automated
blast furnace control system]. Ekaterinburg: UrFU. 2011.
Optimization of Tunnel Kilns
I.F. SHLEGEL, Candidate of Sciences, General Director (email@example.com), V.G. IVANOV, Engineer, Head of Heat Engineering Department,
D.L. SHAPOVALOV, Engineer-Designer
Institute of New Technologies and Automation of the Industry of Construction Materials (OOO “INTA-Stroy”)
(100, 1-ja Putevaja Street, Omsk, 644113, Russian Federation)
Optimization of brick burning in tunnel kilns by means of organizing the zones of heat carrier recirculation with the use of flame blower of a new type is proposed. Overheating of the
ventilator shaft and motor is provided by the simple and reliable clutch. The design of clutch has spokes made in the form of blades which rotate in surrounding air and are cooled by it.
Introduction of this method can increase the productivity of the kiln by up to 10% or improve the quality of ready-made products.
Keywords: energy saving, ceramic brick, tunnel kiln, heat carrier recirculation, flame blower.
1. Khimicheskaya tekhnologiya keramiki / Pod red. prof.
I.Ya. Guzmana [Chemical ceramic technology. Ed. by
I.Ya. Guzman.]. Moscow: OOO RIF «Stroimaterialy».
2003. 496 p.
2. Barenboim A.M., Galieva T.M., Ginzburg D.B., Grissik
A.M., Zimin V.N., Kuzyak V.A., Rutman E.M.,
Khodorov E.I., Chizhskiy A.F. Teplovye raschety pechei
i sushilok silikatnoi promyshlennosti [Thermal calculations
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Stroyizdat. 1964. 496 p.
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stroitel’noy keramiki [The drying and firing of ceramics
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1962. 195 p.
4. Gnezdov E.N., Gnezdov N.E., Marchenko Yu.I.,
Perezhigin E.A., Lopatina M.V., Tsvetkova M.S.
Technological energy audit of a tunnel kiln for ceramic
products burning. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 54–57. (In Russian).
5. Patent RU 2541076. MPK: F04D29/00. Ventilyator dlya
peremeshcheniya goryachikh gazov [Ventilator for moving
hot gases]. Shlegel’ I.F. Published 10.02.2015. Bulletin
No. 4. (In Russian).
Capabilities of Façade Clinker Brick of «LSR» Brand to Substitute Import
Je.G. SAENKO, Commercial Director, V.F. KOREPANOVA, Chief Technologist of Nikolsky Brick-Works, G.I. GRINFEL’D, Engineer
OOO «LSR. Stenovye» (40, lit. A, Oktjabr’skaja Embankment, 193091, Sankt-Peterburg, Russian Federation)
The development of production of clinker products in Russia is analyzed. It is shown that after reaching the design capacity by the clinker line of the Nikolsky brick factory of LRS
Group, the confident import substitution of this production type has started. On the example of the Housing Cooperative «ZILART», possibilities to use the clinker ceramics for façade
finishing are demonstrated. New structural decisions and new options of masonries are presented.
Keywords: import substitution, energy saving, clinker brick, suspended façade, Nikolsky brick factory, HC «ZILART».
1. Gavrilov A.V., Grinfeld G.I. A Brief Review of History,
Conditions and Prospects of Clinker Brick Market in
Russia. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 4, pp. 20–22. (In Russian).
2. Korepanova V.F., Grinfeld G.I. Production of clinker
brick at Nikol’sky Brick Factory of LSR Group.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014.
No. 4, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
3. Ishhuk M.K. Requirements to multilayered walls with
flexible communications. Zhilishnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing construction]. 2008. No. 3, pp. 28–31.
4. Ishhuk M.K. Otechestvennyj opyt vozvedenija zdanij s
naruzhnymi stenami iz oblegchennoj kladki [Domestic
experience of construction of buildings with external
walls from the facilitated laying]. Moscow. RIF
«Strojmaterialy», 2009. 360 p.
Design of Non-Bearing Three-Layered External Walls with Brick Facing in Civil Buildings with Increased Number of Storeys
E.I. KIREEVA, Candidate of Science (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.S. BELYAEV, Candidate of Science (Engineering)
AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha» – institute for complex design of residential and public buildings» (AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha»)
(9/3, Dmitrovskoe Highway, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation)
On the example of the Moscow climatic region, three types of non-bearing external walls of three-layered design from small piece materials with a brick facing layer, ventilated air gap,
efficient heat insulation and variants of the internal later – from cellular concrete blocks (type 1), brick masonry (type 2) and masonry made of ceramic stones of 140 mm height
(type 3) to use in frame buildings of 50, 75, and 100 m height are considered. Requirements for calculation and design of three-layered external walls, fulfilling of which makes it possible
to ensure the reliability of solutions considered at the stage of project development, are presented. As an example, results of the calculation of fragments of walls with one and two
openings located in the pitch of bearing structures of 4.4 and 6 m respectively are also presented. The dependence of the facing layer on the height of the building, length of calculated
fragments and conditions of fastening to bearing structures is determined.
Keywords: three-layered external walls, ventilated air gap, reliability and safety, vertical temperature-deformation joint.
1. Ishchuk M.K. Causes of defects in the external walls with
facing layer of masonry. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2008. No. 3, pp. 28–31. (In Russian).
2. Voznyuk A.B, Kireeva E.I. Facades of large-panel buildings
made of small-piece elements. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 63–65. (In Russian).
3. Ishchuk M.K. Requirements for multi-layer walls with
flexible connections. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2008. No. 5, pp. 15–19. (In Russian).
4. Malakhova A.N. Defects in the outer walls of the building
in a multi-layer masonry. Vestnik MGSU. 2014. No. 10,
pp. 87–94. (In Russian).
5. Obozov V.I., Davidyuk A.A. Analysis of the damage of a
brick facade of multi-storey frame buildings. Seysmostoikoe
stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy. 2010. No. 3,
pp. 51–56. (In Russian).
6. Umnyakova N.P. The durability of sandwich walls with
facing brick with a high level of thermal protection.
Vestnik MGSU. 2013. No. 1, pp. 94–100. (In Russian).
7. Kireeva E.I., Val’ E.G. To the problem of calculation of
three layered non bearing external walls with brick facing
for wind loads. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2016. No. 4, pp. 40–43. (In Russian).
G.I. YAKOVLEV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), G.N. PERVUSHIN1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering);
O. KIZIEVICH2, Doctor-Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org); Yu.N. GINCHITSKAYA1, Engineer, P.A. TAIBAKHTINA1, Student
Influence of Efflorescence in Masonry on The Destruction of the Polymer Coating
1 Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7, Studencheskaya Street, Izhevsk, 426069, Russian Federation)
2 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (11, Saule
tekio al., LT–10223, Vilnius, Lithuania)
This article discusses the causes of salt appearance on the brick building facades and their influence the destruction of the ceramic bricks polymer coating in the operation of buildings.
One of the reasons for the formation of efflorescence is brick’s humidity that occurs when unobstructed exposure of atmospheric moisture on masonry because of violations of construction
technology of curtain walls. The absence of air gaps in the masonry, between brickwork and insulation, leads to additional moistening of walls at their operation. Discovered
that mechanism of efflorescence is initiated by the mortar components. Infrared spectral analysis showed that the reason of efflorescence is sodium sulfate and calcium carbonate,
which is formed from sodium oxide and calcium hydroxide. Thus, in accordance with the technical specifications for mortars sodium oxide content, for example, is limited to 0.6%.
Keywords: efflorescence, ceramic bricks, sodium sulfate, calcium carbonate.
1. Yakovlev G.I., Gailyus A. Salt corrosion of ceramic
bricks. Steklo i keramika. 2005. No. 10, pp. 20–22.
2. Politaeva A.I., Eliseeva N.I., Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin
G.N., Havránek Jií, Mikhailova O.Yu. Role of silica
fume in formation of cement matrix structure and efflorescence
in vibrocompressed products. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 49–55.
3. Orientlikher L.P., Loganina V.I. Zashchitno-dekorativnye
pokrytiya betonnykh i kamennykh sten: Sprav.
posobie [Protective and decorative coatings of concrete
and stone walls: Ref. benefit]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1993.
4. Inchik V.V. Salt corrosion brickwork. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2001. No. 8, pp. 35–37.
5. Gorshkov V.S., Savel’ev V.G., Abakumov A.V.
Vyazhushchie, keramika i steklokristalicheskie materialy:
Struktura i svoistva: Spravochnoe posobie [Cementing,
ceramics and glass-crystalline materials: Structure and
properties: A Reference Guide]. Moscow: Stroyizdat.
1994. 584 p.
6. Flatt R.J. Salt damage in porous materials: how high supersaturations
are generated. Journal Crystal Growth.
2002. Vol. 242 (3–4), pp. 435–454.
7. Bassuoni M.T., Rahman M.M. Response of concrete to
accelerated physical salt attack exposure. Cement and
Concrete Research. 2016. Vol. 79, pp. 395–408.
8. Maciulaitis R., Malaiskiene J. Statybynes keramikos
charakteristiku ir technologiniu parametru reguliavimo
galimybes: monografija. Vilnius: Technika 2012. 184 p.
Autoclave Gas Concrete with Nanostructured Aluminosilicate Modifier*
V.V. NELUBOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), I.I. PODGORNIY, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
V.V. STROKOVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), Y.V. PALSHINA, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (46, Kostyukova Street, Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation)
The efficiency of application of aluminosilicate modifier based on magmatic acid rock – granite is demonstrated. Enhancement of physical, mechanical and performance characteristics
of modified composites associated with optimization of rheological properties of binding mixture, acceleration of structure formation process as well as formation of rational composition
with heterosize new phases under hydrothermal conditions is shown. Pore space of the developed composites is characterized by heteroporous structure with impact interpore partition
explaining the reducing of final product density when their strength is constant. Results of the study allow proposing autoclave gas concrete compositions with nanostructured
modifier using for cement in molding mixtures. It allows production the heat-insulating and structural-heat-insulating materials with high isolation and strength at reduced cost.
Keywords: gas concrete, autoclave curing, modifier, aluminosilicate raw materials, granite, microstructure
1. Nelyubova V.V., Cherevatova A.V., Strokova V.V.,
Goncharova T.Yu. Features of structure formation in colored
silicate materials with nanostructured binder. Vestnik
Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta
im. V.G. Shukhova. 2010. No. 3, pp. 28–32. (In Russian).
2. Nelyubova V.V., Zhernovskiy I.V., Strokova V.V.,
Bezrodnykh M.V. Autoclave silicate materials with
nanostructured modifier under high-temperature service.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012.
No. 9, pp. 8–9. (In Russian).
3. Nelyubova V.V., Altynnik N.I., Strokova V.V., Podgorniy
I.I. Rheological properties of cellular concrete mixture
with nanostructured modifier. Vestnik Belgorodskogo
gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G.
Shukhova. 2014. No. 2, pp. 58–61. (In Russian).
4. Nelyubova V.V., Strokova V.V., Altynnik N.I. Cellular
autoclave composites with nanostructured modifier.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014.
No. 5, pp. 44–47. (In Russian).
5. Strokova V.V., Nelyubova V.V., Altynnik N.I.,
Zhernovskiy I.V., Osadchiy E.G. Phase formation in the
system «cement – lime – silica» under hydrothermal
conditions with using of nanostructured modifier.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013.
No. 9, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).
6. Vishnevskiy A.A., Grinfel’d G.I., Kulikova N.O. Review
of Russian market of autoclave gas concrete. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp.
40–44. (In Russian).
7. Alfimova N.I., Cherkasov V.S. Prospective of application
of wastes from keramzit production in construction
material science. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo
tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova. 2010.
No. 3, pp. 21–24. (In Russian).
8. Alfimova N.I., Shapovalov N.N. Autoclave materials with
industrial aluminosilicate raw materials. Fundamental’nye
issledovaniya. 2013. No. 6-3, pp. 525–529. (In Russian).
9. Strokova V.V., Alfimova N.I., Cherkasov V.S., Shapovalov
N.N. Pressed autoclave materials with wastes from haydite
production. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 3, pp. 14–15. (In Russian).
10. Volodchenko A.N., Lesovik V.S. Silicate autoclave
materials on the base of aluminosilicate raw materials as
optimization factor of the system «Human – material –
environment». Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii.
Stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 3, pp. 27–33. (In Russian).
11. Volodchenko A.N. Study of products of clay and lime
interaction under autoclave curing. Innovatsii v nauke.
2014. No. 30-1, pp. 89–95. (In Russian).
12. Volodchenko A.N., Lesovik V.S. Rheological
characteristics of gas concrete mixture on the base of
non-conventional raw materials. Vestnik Belgorodskogo
gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G.
Shukhova. 2012. No. 3, pp. 45–48. (In Russian).
13. Zhernovskiy I.V., Nelyubova V.V., Strokova V.V.,
Osadchiy E.G. Phase formation of binders in the system
«lime – granite nanostructured binder». Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 10, pp.
49–53. (In Russian).
Silicate Brick and Autoclaved Gas Concrete with the Use of Waste of Own Production
G.V. KUZNETSOVA, Engineer (email@example.com); N.N. MOROZOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering);
V.V. KLOKOV, Student; S.R. ZIGANGARAEVA, Student
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan 420043, Russian Federation)
The mineralogical composition of brick and gas concrete waste is presented by calcium hydro-silicates which are, while seemingly the same nature, substantially different. In the proposed
studies, results of the use of additives produced from waste of gas concrete and silicate brick are given. The technology of brick production makes it possible to utilize large volumes
of gas concrete waste without expense of quality of products and reduce the consumption of raw materials by 5–10%.
Keywords: autoclaved gas concrete, silicate brick, sand, green strength, autoclaved strength, resource saving.
1. Semenov A.A. Silicate Wall Materials Market and
Problems of Providing Industry with Raw Materials.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015.
No. 12, pp. 40–43. (In Russian).
2. Kuznetsova G.V., Morozova N.N., Khozin V.G. Facing
Layer and Hydrophobizator in Manufacture of Aerated
Concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2015. No. 8, pp. 8–10. (In Russian).
3. Bоzhenov P.I. Tekhnologiya avtoklavnykh materialov
[Technology of autoclave materials]. Leningrad:
Stroiizdat. 1978. 368 p.
4. Kuznetsova G.V., Morozova N.N. Problems of
Replacement of Traditional Technology of Silicate Brick
with Preparation of a Lime- Siliceous Binder by Direct
Technology. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 9, pp. 14–17. (In Russian).
5. Kuznetsova G.V. A Lime Binder for Wall Silicate Products
from Chippings of Rock Crushing. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 12, pp. 34–37.
6. Sazhnev. N.P., Sazhnev N.N., Sazhneva N.N., Golubev
N.M. Proizvodstvo yacheistobetonnykh izdelii.
Teoriya i praktika [Production Aerated Concrete of products.
Theory and practice]. Minsk: Strinko. 2010. 464 p.
7. Morozova N.N., Kuznetsova G.V., Golosov A.K.
Influence of Cements from Different Producers on
Properties of Cellular-Concrete Mix of Autoclaved Gas
Concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2014. No. 5, pp. 49–51. (In Russian).
8. Kuznetsova G.V. Optimization of Calculations of Lime-
Sand Mix Compositions for Moulding of Silicate Brick.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010.
No. 9, pp. 20–24. (In Russian).
S.A. ANTIPINA1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering); S.V. ZMANOVSKIY2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Director
Research in Influence of Powder and Granular Aluminum Gas-Forming Agent on Properties of Cellular Concrete
1 National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University (30, Lenin Avenue, Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation)
2 Branch «Innovation Center» OOO «SUAL-PM» (2, Yuzhnaya Street, Shelekhov, 666034, Irkutsk region, Russian Federation)
The phase composition and properties of cellular concrete produced with the use of a powder and granular gas-forming agent on the basis of aluminum powder of RA20–RA60
brands has been studied. The granular aluminum gas-forming agent has a high content of active aluminum, 88-90%. Granules possess a low degree of dusting and delay of gas
emission in the first minutes in comparison with a powder gas-forming agent. Cellular concrete, produced with the use of granules of aluminum powder, has elevated, by 6–10%,
values of compressive strength.
Keywords: cellular concrete, aluminum powder, granular gas-forming agent.
1. Pehlivanli Z.O., Uzun I., Demir I. Mechanical and microstructural
features of autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced
with autoclaved polypropylene, carbon, basalt
and glass fiber. Construction and Building Materials. 2015.
Vol. 96, pp. 428–433
2. Sanjayan J.G., Nazari A., Chen L., Nguyen G.H.
Physical and mechanical properties of lightweight aerated
geopolymer. Construction and Building Materials. 2015.
Vol. 79, pp. 236–244.
3. Semerikov I.S., Vishnevskiy A.A., Zapol’skaya A.A.
Comparative assessment of new gas developing agents
for manufacture of autoclave gas concrete. Stroitel’-
nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 1,
pp. 47–49. (In Russian).
4. Prokhorov S.B. Specialized blowing for cellular concrete
autoclaved. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2011. No. 9, p. 48. (In Russian).
5. Pshenichnyi G.N. Stadiinost’ tverdeniya tsementa: teoreticheskiy
i prakticheskiy aspekty [Stages of cement
hardening: theoretical and practical aspects]. Germany:
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. 2012. 388 p.
6. Lotov V.A. Changing the phase composition of cement–
water during hydration and hardening. Izvestiya Tomskogo
politekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2012. Vol. 321. No. 3,
pp. 42–45. (In Russian).
7. Dvorkin L., Dvorkin O. Spetsial’nye betony [Special
concrete]. Moscow: Infra-Inzheneriya. 2012. 368 p.
8. Abdulkareem O.A., Mustafa Al Bakri, Kamarudin A.M.,
Khairul Nizar H., Saif A.A. Effects of elevated temperatures
on the thermal behavior and mechanical performance
of fly ash geopolymer paste, mortar and lightweight
concrete. Construction and Building Materials.
2014. Vol. 50, pp. 377–387.
V.P. VYLEGZРANIN1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), Director,
V.A. PINSKER1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Research Manager; G.I. GRINFELD2, Executive Director (email@example.com)
Theoretical and Experimental Substantiations of Calculation of Forces for Pull-out of Anchors from Gas Concrete
1 The Cellular Concrete Center (1/3, Zodchego Rossi Street, Saint-Petersburg, 191023, Russian Federation)
2 National Association of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Manufacturers (40, Oktyabr’skaya Embankment, 193091, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Methods for calculation of forces required to pull-out profiled anchors from gas concrete are presented with theoretical and experimental substantiations. It is theoretically substantiated
that the growth of limit value of the force required to pull-out an anchor is close to the directly proportional dependence on the depth of its anchoring. A limit force of anchor pull-out
from gas concrete is the total resistance of forces preventing it because the shear stress diagram is close to the rectangular one. Presented formulae of calculation of forces required for
anchor pull-out make it possible to calculate the forces of anchor pull-out from gas concrete with due regard for its density grade and cubic strength or the class B of compressive
strength, characteristic of their profile (thread). When calculating forces, it is necessary to take into account the destruction of gas concrete under the profile picks in the form of shear
or cutoff as well as its compaction by fractured particles of cement-sand stone formed in the process of screwing of the anchor. Forces of anchors pull-out obtained by calculation or
experimentally are compared.
Keywords: anchors, gas concrete, force of anchor pull-out, cement-sand stone.
1. Vylegzhanin V.P. Opredelenie deformatsii elementov
konstruktsii iz stalefibrobetona pri rastyazhenii i izgibe
na razlichnykh stadiyakh zagruzheniya [Determination
of deformation of structural elements of steel-fibroconcrete
tensile and bending at different stages of loading
In book Spatial design in civil engineering]
Leningrad: LenZNIIEP. 1982, pp. 53–60.
2. Reshetov D.N., Kirsanova V.N Tangent contact details
of the compliance. The rigidity in mechanical engineering:
Processing of scientific papers. Bryansk: BITM. 1971,
pp. 28–32. (In Russian).
3. Karpenko N.I., Sudakov G.N., Leites E.S., Zolotov A.B.
Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie betona v
zone kontakta s armaturoi do i posle obrazovaniya kontaktnykh
treshchin [Stress-strain state of concrete in the
zone of contact with the valve before and after the formation
of the contact cracking]. Moscow: NIIZhB. 1979.
4. Shreiner L.A., Pavlova N.N., Yakushev V.P., Baidlyuk
B.V. Application of the method to determine the indentation
resistance to the destruction of rocks during drilling
and qualitative assessment of the plasticity of rocks.
Collection of articles: Experimental studies on the development
of deep oil fields. Moscow. 1964. (In Russian).
5. Kholmyanskiy M.M., Erin N.N. Issledovanie mekhanizma
stsepleniya armatury periodicheskogo profilya s betonom
pri pomoshchi ispytaniy betona na mestnoe smyatie.
V kn. Ankerovka armatury v betone [Research fittings periodic
profile of the clutch mechanism with the concrete
using a concrete test on local bearing. In book: Anchoring
reinforcement in concrete]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1969.
6. Kholmyanskiy M.M. Kontakt armatury s betonom
[Contact reinforcement with concrete]. Moscow:
7. Benefit for the design of concrete and reinforced concrete
structures from cellular concrete. Moscow. 1986.
6f6a2387f1279238.pdf) (In Russian).
8. GOST R 53231-2008 Betony. Pravila kontrolya i otsenki
prochnosti [Concrete. Rules for monitoring and evaluation
of safety]. Moscow: Standartinform. 2009.
Problems of Conveyerisation of Mining Works
G.R. BUTKEVICH, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), O.E. HARO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
FGUP VNIPIIstromsyrie (1, off. 311, Volokolamskoe Highway, A-80, 125080, Moscow, Russian Federation)
World experience of application of conveyor transport on pits of nonmetallic construction materials, since the middle of the 20th century is described. Conditions of application of line
and cyclic and line technologies are analyzed. Characteristics of different types of the equipment used in these technologies are provided. The calculation method of parameters of bunkers
feeders is stated.
Keywords: nonmetallic construction materials, tape conveyor, line and cyclic and line technologies, bunker feeder.
1. Buyanov Yu.D. Potochnaya i tsiklichno-potochnaya tekhnologiya na kar’erakh
po dobyche nerudnykh stroitel’nykh materialov [Flow and cyclic-flow technology
in the quarries for the extraction of non-metallic building materials].
Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1973. 149 p.
2. Buyanov Yu.D., Butkevich G.R., Kharo O.E. Konveiernyi transport na
kar’erakh nerudnykh stroitel’nykh materialov [Conveying the quarries of nonmetallic
building materials]. Moscow: VNIIESM. 1970.
3. Butkevich G.R. From the history of pipelining mining operations. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2005. No. 4, pp. 10–11. (In Russian).
4. Pit & Quarry. 2015. June, рр. 56–59.
5. Pit & Quarry. 2015. July, рр. 24–41.
6. Butkevich G.R. Self-propelled crushing-riddling complexes. Experience and
prospects of application. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012.
No. 1, pp. 24–27. (In Russian).
7. Bunker-pitatel’ samokhodnyi SMD-159 [Hopper-feeder propelled SMD-159].
Moscow: TsNIITEstroimash. 1987.
A.F. BUR’YANOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), (email@example.com); V.V. KRIVENKO, Engineer; A.D. ZHUKOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
K.S. MOISEENKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), M.O. ASAMATDINOV, Engineer
Moscow state university of civil engineering (National Research University) (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Imitations of marble are materials obtained by the modification of air binders (gypsum and lime). The development of technology of modified gypsum and lime is aimed at achieving
the final strength of products comparable with natural stone and at improving their water resistance. Domestic developments on the basis of the technology of artificial water resistant
«stone» for façade works became the base of new methods. For example, a group of materials on the basis of gypsum has been created – polymer-gypsum finishing materials. These
materials are manufactured either by molding or by press technology.
Keywords: marble, structure, decorativeness, carbonic calcium gypsum, artificial marble, lime, gypsum.
1. Krivenko V.V., Ovchinskii D.V., Vainshtein M.M., Bur’yanov
A.F., Goncharov Yu.A. Physical-Chemical Nature of
Marble Decorativeness. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2008. No. 8, pp. 16–18. (In Russian).
2. Bur’yanov A.F., Krivenko V.V., Zhukov A.D. Marble
world. Tekhnologii intellektual’nogo stroitel’stva. 2014.
No. 4, pp. 54–59. (In Russian).
3. Oreshkin D.V., Semenov V.S. Modern Materials And Sistems
In The Construction Are Perspective Direction Of Teaching Of
Construction Specialties. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 7, pp. 92–94. (In Russian).
4. Zhukov A.D. Korovyakov V.F., Naumova T.A.,
Asamatdinov M.O. Plaster mixes on the basis of clay gypsum.
Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2015. No. 10, pp. 98–101. (In Russian).
5. Korovyakov V.F. Prospects of application waterproof
plaster knitting in modern construction. Materials of the
All-Russian seminar “Increase of production efficiency and
use of plaster materials and products”. Moscow. 2002, pp.
51–56. (In Russian).
6. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Principles of creation of
new construction materials. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU.
Seriya Politematicheskaya. Iss. 3. http://vestnik.vgasu.
(date of access 06.04.2016). (In Russian).
7. Sokov V.N., Beglyarov A.E., Zhabin D.V.,
Zemlyanushnov D.Yu. About opportunities of creation of
effective heat-insulating materials by method of complex
impact on active mobile masses hydroheatforce field.
Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2012. No. 9,
pp. 17–19. (In Russian).
8. Bessonov I.V. Plaster materials of new generation for
finishing of facades of buildings. Materials of the All-
Russian seminar “Increase of production efficiency and use
of plaster materials and products”. Moscow: RAASN.2002,
pp. 82–87. (In Russian).
9. Zhukov A.D., Orlova A.M., Naumova T.A., Nikushkina
T.P., Maiorova A.A. Ecological aspects of formation
of an insulating cover of buildings. Nauchnoe obozrenie.
2015. No. 7, pp. 209–212. (In Russian).
10. Bur’yanov A.F., Krivenko V.V., Zhukov A.D. Physical-Chemical
Nature of Marble Decorativeness. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 11, pp. 78–81. (In Russian).