Table of contents
Features of complex structure formation in composite gypsum-silica binder
The mechanism of variation of strength characteristics in composite gypsum-silica binder depending of nanosructured binder (NB)content is determined. The mechanism of mineral
phase formation in the composite binder matrix is studied taking into account simultaneous realization of two following processes: polymerizationa-polycondensarion and hydration. It is
determined, the heat resistance of composite gypsum-silica binder under high temperature (up to 1000
C) is connected with crystallization process involving the NB as reactive mineral
component. Thermal transformation in system of composite gypsum-silica binder vs. gypsum system is studies by XRD and SEM analysis.
Keywords: nanostruсtured binder, gypsum binder, composite binder, structure formation mechanism, phase formation
A.V. CHEREVATOVA1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), D.A. ALEKHIN1, Research Engineer, A.F. BUR’YANOV2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
1, Candidate of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy), N.I. KOZHUKHOVA1
, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
1 Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shoukhov (46, Kostyukov Street, Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation)
2 National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
1. Buldyzhova E.N., Galtseva N.A., Bur’yanov A.F.
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A.V. Efficiency enhancement of cement binders with reactive
mineral nanodispersed component. Vestnik
Sibirskoy Gosudarstvennoy Avtomobilyno-Dorozhnoy
Academii. 2015. No. 5, pp. 56–62. (In Russian).
5. Fomina E.V., Strokova V.V., Kudeyarova N.P. Features
of application of previously slacked lime in cellular autoclave
concrete. Izvestia vysshih uchebnyh zavedeniy.
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Regulation of properties in slag-cement knitting.
Proceedings of International Research-to-Practice
Conference “Upgrade tendences in education and science”.
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Zhernovsky I.V. Features of rheological properties of
nanostructured aluminosilicate binder with different
complex modifiers. Vestnik Belgorodskogo Gosudarstvennogo
Tehnologicheskogo Universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova.
2016. No. 9, pp. 36–39. (In Russian).
10. Strokova V.V., Sival’neva M.M., Zhernovsky I.V.,
Kobzev V.A., Nelubova V.V. Features of consolidation
mechanism of nanostructured binder. Stroitel’nye materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2016. No. 1–2, pp. 62–
69. (In Russian).
11. Chizhov R.V., Kozhukhova N.I., Strokova V.V.,
Zhernovsky I.V. Aluminosilicate free of clinker binders
and their application areas. Vestnik Belgorodskogo
Gosudarstvennogo Tehnologicheskogo Universiteta im. V.G.
Shukhova. 2016. No. 4, pp. 6–10. (In Russian).
12. Kozhukhova N.I., Voytovich E.V., Cherevatova A.V.,
Zhernovsky I.V., Alekhin D.A. Thermal-resistant cellular
materials based on composite gypsum-silica binders.
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minimization. Journal of Applied Crystallography.
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Properties of Heavy Concrete Disperse-Reinforced with Synthetic Micro-Fiber
Disperse reinforcement of the concrete with fibrillated synthetic fiber makes it possible to compensate of disadvantages of the concrete: formation of shrinkage cracks, low-tensile
strength, and destruction brittleness. As a result of comparative tests, it is established that the introduction of micro-fiber Fibrofor High Grade in the concrete insignificantly improves
the compressive strength limit comparing with the control composition but significantly improves the strength limit at bending stress (by 20%). The most acceptable expenditure of the
micro-fiber for the concrete studied is 0.9 kg/m
Keywords: disperse-reinforced concrete, polypropylene fiber, fibrillated micro-fiber, strength characteristics.
O.M. SMIRNOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), E.V. ANDREEVA, Engineer, Researcher
Emperor Alexander I Petersburg State Transport University (9, Moskovsky Avenue, 190031, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation)
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S.V., Pervushin G.N. The corrosion resistance increase
of basalt fiber cement concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2016. No. 1–2, pp. 27–31.
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lightweight fiber concrete]. Inozemtsev A.S.,
Korolev E.V. Published 20.04.2015. Bulletin No. 11.
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smes’ [The wood-marble-cement mix]. Andreev A.V.,
Chalkin A.A., Andreev A.A., Kolesnikov G.N. Declared
06.17.2014. Published 12.10.2015. Bulletin No. 34.
8. Patent RU2528774. Sukhaya stroitel’naya smes’ [Dry
mortar]. Vasil’ev S.M., Shchedrin Yu.N., Budarin V.K.
Declared 19.06.2012. Published 20.09.2014. Bulletin
No. 26. (In Russian).
9. Patent RU 2458962. Fibroarmirovannyi tamponazhnyi
material dlya tsementirovaniya produktivnykh intervalov,
podverzhennykh perforatsii v protsesse osvoeniya skvazhin
[Fiber reinforced backfill material to cement production
intervals, subject to the perforations in the course of development
wells]. Druzhinin M.A., Sazhina E.M., Zueva
N.A., Kudimov I.A., Kuznetsova O.G. i dr. Published
20.08.2012. Bulletin No. 23. (In Russian).
10. Smirnova O.M. High-quality concrete for prestressed
concrete under-rail designs. Cand.Diss. (Engineering).
Sankt-Petersburg. 2013. 186 p. (In Russian).
11. Smirnova O.M. Vysokokachestvennye betony dlya sbornykh
predvaritel’no napryazhennykh zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsii
[High-quality concrete for precast prestressed concrete
structures]. RGPU im. A.I. Gertsena. 2014. 67 p.
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the activity of Portland-cement. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 3, pp. 30–33.
13. Smirnova O.M., Makarevich O.E. Selection of water-reducing
additives and their costs for high-strength concrete prefabricated.
Resursoenergoeffektivnye tekhnologii v stroitel’nom
komplekse regiona. 2014. No. 4, pp. 74–77. (In Russian).
14. Komokhov P.G., Kharitonov A.M. The influence of internal
and external factors on the humid shrinkage of cement
systems. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2009.
No. 2, pp. 95–97. (In Russian).
15. Angel M. López-Buendíaa, María Dolores Romero-
Sánchezb, Verónica Climentc, Celia Guillemb. Surface
treated polypropylene (PP) fibres for reinforced concrete.
Cement and Concrete Research. 2013. Vol. 54, pp. 29–35.
16. Saeid Kakooeia, Hazizan Md Akilb, Morteza Jamshidic,
Jalal Rouhid. The effects of polypropylene fibers on the
properties of reinforced concrete structures. Construction
and Building Materials. 2012. Vol. 27. Iss. 1, pp. 73–77.
Modern Superplasticizers for Concretes, Features of Their Application and Effectiveness
L.Ya. KRAMAR, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), B.Ya. TROFIMOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
T.N. CHERNYKH, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), A.A. ORLOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
K.V. SHULDYAKOV, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
South Ural State University (National Research University) (76, Lenina Avenue, Chelyabinsk, 454080, Russian Federation)
In connection with the change in building technologies in Russia and over the world as well as with the increasing need of the construction complex for high-functional and self-com
pacting concretes, superplasticizers are widely used for their production. If superplasticizers of the first generation and the influence of components of concrete on their effectiveness
are researched well enough, the use of superplasticizers on the basis of polycarboxylates demands the attentive study of their properties, features of their interaction with the compo
nents of concrete and their influence on the structure and properties of materials obtained. The article presents analyses of the effect of cement compositions on the efficiency of poly
carboxylate superplasticizers, especially the presence of aluminates and sulfates as well as clay and silt admixtures in the fillers. At that, the efficiency of superplasticizers is analyzes
both separately and in complex with other additives. The role of these factors is also clarified in the hydration processes of cements and the formation of the structure and properties of
concretes obtained. For reliable evaluating the efficiency of polycaboxylate additives, it is necessary to test them according to the methods of EN 1015 and GOST 30459–2008.
Keywords: superplasticizers, polycaboxylates, concrete, additives, efficiency.
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minerals on the dispersing force of conventional and
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Superplasticizer Effect on Cement Paste Structure and
Concrete Freeze-Thaw Resistance. Advanced Materials in
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Proc. 2016. doi 10.1063/1.4937881.
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polycarboxylate superplasticizers with different molecular
structure on the hydration behavior of cement paste.
Construction and Building Materials. 2016. Vol. 105,
Mechanical Properties of Cement Porous Concrete at Uniaxial Compression
with Due Regard for Regularities of Its Creep
Results of the experimental studies of the force resistance and deformation of compressed elements from porous concrete of 1200–1600 kg/m3 density of various structural modifica
tions (fine grain and micro grain) are presented. On the basis of research date, mechanical properties are complexly characterized; a criterion number of strength and deformation char
acteristics of porous concretes with due regard for the influence of long-time processes due to concrete hardening and external force factors is proposed. On the basis of data on the
long-term resistance of porous concrete and change in its strength in time, calculation characteristics and coefficients of operation conditions of porous concrete are established for cal
culation and design of structures. It is shown that according to structural indicators, porous concretes meet normative requirements and occupy the intermediate place between cellular
and light concretes of equal strength with porous fillers.
Keywords: porous concrete, mechanical properties, measure of creep, long-term strength, force resistance
M.V. NOVIKOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
E.M. CHERNYSHOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Academician of RAACS (firstname.lastname@example.org),
G.S. SLAVCHEVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)
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deformability and crack resistance of macroporous
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of use of not autoclave cellular concrete (foam concretes)
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4. Lesovik V.S., Suleymanova L.A., Kara K.A. Power effective
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technology of foam-concrete products. Tekhnologii betonov.
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of mechanical properties of porizovanny concrete in time.
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in the conditions of the homogeneous stressed state.
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14. Zaycev Y.V. Modelirovanie deformatsiy i prochnosti betonov
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The State of Mineral Raw Materials Industry for Building Materials in the USA in 2015
The state of the mining sector of the USA building materials industry in 2015 is presented. Data on the change in production volume, number of enterprises, labor productivity, prices
for mineral products, import and export of products are given. The conclusion about the trend aimed at enlarging the business-units in the industry, as well as improving the efficiency
of production at small and average quarries due to the use of self-propelled and modular processing complexes is made.
Keywords: quarry, crushed stone, sand-gravel mix, price, labour productivity.
G.R. BUTKEVICH, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Research and Design Institute for Extraction, Transportation and Processing of Mineral Raw Materials in Building Materials Industry
(1, Volokolamskoe Highway, Moscow, 125080, Russian Federation)
1. Supplement to Pit & Quarry, 2016, pp. 10–12.
2. Butkevich G.R. Development of Non-Metallic Building
Materials Industry of Russia and the USA. Past and
Prospects. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 10, pp. 4–9. (In Russian).
3. Supplement to Pit & Quarry, 2016, pp. 4–8.
4. Pit & Quarry, 2016, February, pp. 70–75.
5. Supplement to Pit & Quarry, 2016, NSHA Statistics, p. 15.
Solid Phase Mechanical-Chemical Modification of Portland Cements
A principal possibility to improve the resistance of cement stone to tensile stresses due to the solid phase mechanical-chemical modification of Portland cements at the stage of grind
ing of clinker with silica organic compounds – polyorganylsilsesquioxanes is shown. The introduction of polyorganylsilsesquioxanes during the process of clinker grinding significantly
improves (by 2-3 times) the resistance of cement stone to tensile stresses under the cyclic effect of freeze-thaw temperatures in salt solutions.
Keywords: portland cement, mechanical-chemical modification, clinker, silica organic compounds, road concretes, freezeresistance, crack resistance, tensile stresses.
S.V. VAVRENIUK, Corresponding Member of RAACS, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
V.A. AVRAMENKO, Corresponding Member of RAS, Doctor of Sciences (Chemistry), V.G. VAVRENIUK, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
S.G. KRASITSKAYA, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry), A.E. FARAFONOV, Engineer
Branch of FGBU «TSNNIP Minstroya Rossii», Far Eastern Construction Scientific-Research, Design and Technological Institute (DalNIIS)
(14, Borodinskaya Street, 690033 Vladivostok, Russian Federation)
1. Alekseev S.N., Ivanov F.M., Modry S., Shissl’ P.
Dolgovechnost’ zhelezobetona v agressivnykh sredakh
[Dolgovechnost of reinforced concrete in severe atmospheres].
Moscow: Stroiizdat, 1990. 317 p. (In Russian).
2. Dobrolyubov G.A., Ratinov V.B., Rozenberg T.I.
Prognozirovanie dolgovechnosti betona s dobavkami
[Prediction of a longevity of concrete with additives].
Moscow: Stroiizdat, 1983. 212 p. (In Russian).
3. Batrakov V.G. Povyshenie dolgovechnosti betona
dobavkami kremniiorganicheskikh polimerov [Increase
in a longevity of concrete additives of organosilicone
polymers]. Moscow: Stroiizdat, 1968. 135 p. (In Russian).
4. Vavrenyuk S.V., Alikovskii A.V. Mekhanokhimicheskoe
modifitsirovanie tsementno-mineral’nykh sistem
nefunktsional’nymi kremniiorganicheskimi soedineniyami.
Tekhnologiya silikatnykh i tugoplavkikh nemetallicheskikh
materialov. 2005. No. 6, pp. 19–22. (In Russian).
5. Vavrenyuk S.V., Efimenko Yu.V. Osobennosti karbonizatsii
tsementnykh sistem v prisutstvii organicheskikh
dobavok. Vestnik VolgGASU. 2013. Vypusk 31 (50). Part 2.
Stroitel’nye nauki, pp. 56–58. (In Russian).
6. Khigerovich M.I., Baier V.E. Gidrofobno–plastifitsiruyushchie
dobavki dlya tsementov, rastvorov, betonov
[Hydrophobic and plasticizing additives for cements, solutions,
concrete]. Moscow: Stroiizdat, 1979. 126 p.
7. Batrakov V.G. Modifitsirovannye betony. Teoriya i praktika
[The modified concrete. The theory and practice].
Moscow: Stroiizdat, 1998. 768 p. (In Russian).
8. Voronkov M.G., Maletina E.A., Rollan A.K. Geterosiloksany
[Heterosilocsany]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1984.
270 p. (In Russian).
Features of Chemical Composition of Subsidence Products of Sodium Hydrosilicates*
Data on the analysis of crystalline products of the subsidence of sodium hydrosilicate solutions with the solutions of salts of various metals are presented. Features of the chemical
composition of subsidence crystalline products are shown: when using the salts of alkali-earth metals, the formation of a metal carbonate is observed that’s why in the course of the
synthesis of hydrosilicates of alkali metals, it is reasonable to avoid the intensive agitation of the mix and air-entrainment ; when using amphoteric metals, the carbonization is not
observed and the chemical composition of products is determined by the type of the metal used. The pH value of the synthesis medium when using amphoteric metals don’t influence
on the degree of crystalliness of hydrosilicates obtained, but crystalline products with different content of combination water are formed. Conducting the synthesis at acid values of pH
makes it possible to obtain a large amount of the product and synthesize the substance not containing sodium.
Keywords: modifiers, concretes, crystalline products, X-ray phase analysis.
A.N. GRISHINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (GrishinaAN@mgsu.ru), E.V. KOROLEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (KorolevEV@mgsu.ru)
National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
1. Usherov-Marshak A.V. Modern concrete and its technologies.
Beton i zhelezobeton. 2009. No. 2, pp. 20–25.
2. Arkhipov V.P., Vernigorova V.N., Gakshteter G.V.,
Gorshkova L.V., Elesin M.A., Ermakov D.A. and all.
Effektivnye vysokoprochnye i obychnye betony [Effective
high-strength and usual concrete] / Edited by V.I. Kalashnikov.
Penza: Privolzhskii Dom znanii. 2015. 148 p.
3. Rakhimov R.Z. Ways of decrease in amount of cement in
construction products. Populyarnoe betonovedenie. 2008.
No. 7 (21), pp. 24–28. (In Russian).
4. Bazhenov Yu.M., Alimov L.A., Voronin V.V. Ctruktura i
svoistva betonov s nanomodifikatorami na osnove tekhnogennykh
otkhodov [Structure and properties of concrete
with nanomodifiers on the basis of technogenic
waste]. Moscow: MGSU. 2013. 204 p.
5. Lesovik V.S., Zagorodnyuk L.Kh., Shakhova L.D.
Tekhnogennye produkty v proizvodstve sukhikh
stroitel’nykh smesei [Technological products in production
of dry construction mixes]. Belgorod: BGTU.
2010. 168 p.
6. Satyukov A. B. The nanomodified composite astringent
for special construction solutions. Cand. Diss.
(Engineering). Moscow. 2015. 228 p. (In Russian).
7. Loganina V.I., Makarova L.V., Sergeeva K.A. Use of additive
on the basis of calcium hydrosilicates in dry construction
mixes. Sukhie stroitel’nye smesi. 2012. No. 1,
pp. 16–17. (In Russian).
8. Loganina V.I., Kislitsyna S.N., Zhernovskiy I.V.,
Sadovnikova M.A. Structure and properties of synthesised
alumosilicates. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 4, pp. 87–89.
9. Gordienko P.S., Yarusova C.B., Suponina A.P., Krysenko
G.F., Bulanova S.B., Kolzunov V.A., Barinov N.N.
Hydrochemical synthesis of hydrosilicates of calcium in
the systems CaCl2–Na2SiO3–H2O, CaSO4•2H2O–
Structure, structure, properties. Vestnik DVO RAN. 2009.
No. 2, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).
10. Loganina V.I., Pyshkina I.S. Limy composite binder with
use of the synthesized calcium hydrosilicates. Bestnik
BGTU im. V.G. Shukhova. 2014. No. 6, pp. 29–32.
11. Sadovnikova M.A., Zhegera K.V. Use of synthetic zeolites
as the modifying additive in a compounding of cement
and limy dry construction mixes. Regional’naya
arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 1, pp. 68–73.
12. Loganina V.I., Kislitsyna S.N., Makarova L.V.,
Sadovnikova M.A. Rheological properties limy composite
with use of synthetic zeolites. Izvestiya VUZov.
Stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 4, pp. 37–42. (In Russian).
13. Ilyasov A.G., Medvedeva I.N., Korneev V.I. Hydration
of a cement in the presence of additive of amorphous
hydroxide of aluminum. Zhurnal prikladnoi khimii. 2006.
Vol. 79. No. 2, pp. 347–348. (In Russian).
A.A. KUSTOV, Engineer (AlexeyKustov@outlook.com),
A.M. IBRAGIMOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (Igasu_alex@mail.ru)
National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Procedures and Results of Full-Scale Tests of Technical Fabrics with Coating.
Part 1. Review of Conducted Studies
Modern procedures and results of tests of technical fabrics with coating are presented. Russian and foreign standard, which regulate and describe the full-scale tests of the material are
considered. Results of the study of the material behavior at various field tests in different countries are shown. For some tests of the fabric a comparison of procedures among the for
eign standards is presented. The work consists of two parts. The first part presents the following types of test: uniaxial, biaxial, and non-axial tension, impact of cyclic and temperature
loads as well as consideration of creep and relaxation in the fabric. Data on the investigation of tensometry of the technical fabric with coating are given.
Keywords: technical fabric with coating, procedures of field tests.
1. Lecompte D. et al. Mixed numerical-experimental
technique for orthotropic parameter identification using
biaxial tensile tests on cruciform specimens. International
Journal of Solids and Structures. 2007. Vol. 44. No. 5,
2. Ishanova V.I., Udler Е.М. The use of electronic
photography and computer graphics in AutoCAD in
strain measurement of awning materials. Izvestiya
Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel’nogo
universiteta. 2014. Vol. 4. No. 30, pp. 153–157.
3. Ambroziak A. Mechanical properties of polyester coated
fabric subjected to biaxial loading. Journal of Materials in
Civil Engineering. 2015. Vol. 27. Iss. 11, pp. 1–8.
4. Forster B., Marijke M. European design guide for tensile
surface structures. TensiNews. 2001. 332 p.
5. Jorg Uhlemann, Natalie Stranghoner K.S. Different
determination procedures for stiffness parameters of
woven fabrics and their impact in the membrane structure
analysis. 5th European Conference on Computational
Mechanics (ECCM V). 2014. http://www.wccm-eccmecfd2014.
6. Ambroziak A., Klosowski P. Mechanical properties for
preliminary design of structures made from PVC coated
fabric. Construction and Building Materials. 2014. Vol. 50,
7. Ambroziak A., Klosowski P. Mechanical properties of
polyvinyl chloride-coated fabric under cyclic tests.
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2014.
Vol. 33. No. 3, pp. 225–234.
8. Craenenbroeck M. Van et al. Biaxial testing of fabric
materials and deriving their material properties – A
quantitative study. Proceedings of the International Association
for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS). 17–20 August 2015
9. Zhang L. Off-Axial Tensile properties of precontraint
PVDF coated polyester fabrics under different tensile
rates. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering.
2016. Vol. 2016, pp. 1–12.
10. Chen S., Ding X., Yi H. On the anisotropic tensile
behaviors of flexible polyvinyl chloride-coated fabrics.
Textile Research Journal. 2007. Vol. 77. No. 6, pp. 369–
374. doi: 10.1177/0040517507078791.
11. Komeili M., Milani A.S. Finite element modeling of
woven fabric composites at meso-level under combined
loading modes. «Advances in Modern Woven Fabrics
Technology» book edited by Savvas Vassiliadis. Published:
July 27, 2011 under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 license. DOI:
12. Zhang Y., Zhang Q., Lv H. Mechanical properties of
polyvinylchloride-coated fabrics processed with
Precontraint (R) technology. Journal of Reinforced
Plastics and Composites. 2012. Vol. 31. No. 23, pp. 1670–
1684. DOI: 10.1177/0731684412459898.
13. Ambroziak A., Klosowski P. Influence of thermal effects
on mechanical properties of PVDF-coated fabric. Journal
of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2014. Vol. 33.
No. 7, pp. 663–673.
14. Zhang Y.Y., Zhang Q.L., Zhou C.Z. The visco-elastic
behaviors of PVC coated fabrics under different stress and
temperatures. Advanced Materials Research. 2010.
Vol. 168–170. P. 1476–1479. DOI: 10.4028/www.
15. Ermolov V.V., Bird W.W., Bubner E. at al.
Pnevmaticheskie stroitel’nye konstruktsii [Pneumatic
building structures]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1983. 439 p.
16. Zhou C.Z., Zhang Q.L., Zhang Y.Y. Experiment Study
on Uniaxial Properties of PVC Membrane Material.
Advanced Materials Research. 2010. Vol. 168–170,
pp. 963–968. DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/
17. Suleymanov A.M. Experimental and theoretical foundations
of forecasting and enhance the durability of
materials soft shells of building purpose. Doct. Dis
(Engineering). Kazan. 2006. 352 p. (In Russian).
Heat Insulation Material Produced from Pine Bark and Its Extract
An analysis of literature data shows that the bark of conifers is the most suitable for wooden building materials as its composition has a significantly low content of easy hydrolysable
substances (hemicellulose, non-cellulose polysaccharides). The article presents the data on the composition of the material with the use of pine bark and its water extract, principal
technology for producing the composite without using mineral binders, and possibilities of its application. Experimental studies of the process of extraction of extractive substances
from vegetal resources on the example of pine bark have been conducted; experimental samples of a composite material have been obtained; tests of obtained experimental samples for
strength, heat conductivity, water absorption, and swelling have been carried out. The material is characterized by sufficient mechanical strength, a satisfactory value of heat conductivity
factor, high ecological purity. The value of water-physical, heat insulation, and mechanical characteristics makes it possible to recommend it to use as non-structural heat insulation.
Keywords: pine bark, water extract, water-physical and mechanical characteristics, heat conductivity, heat insulation.
N.V. KILYUSHEVA, Engineer, V.E. DANILOV, Engineer, A.M. AIZENSHTADT, Doctor of Sciences (Chemistry) (email@example.com)
Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (17, Severnay Dvina Emb., 163002, Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation)
1. Tatsyun M.V. The modern state LPK of Russia and ways
of its development. Moscow. OOO “RIA news”, 2006.
24 р. (In Russian).
2. Stepen R.A., Khramova L.N., Sobolev S.V. Problemy
ispol’zovaniya otkhodov derevoobrabatyvayushchikh
predpriyatii Angaro-Eniseiskogo regeon [Problems of use
of wastes of woodworking enterprises of the Angara-
Yenisei]. Lesosibirsk, 2003. 87 р. (In Russian).
3. Timonin A.A. Ekologo-ekonomicheskie aspekty bezotkhodnykh
tekhnologii pererabotki lesnykh resursov.
Moscow. Novye tekhnologii, 2007. 48 p. (In Russian).
4. Lukash A.A., Dyachkov C.A. Building products of
chopped wood. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2009. No. 1, pp. 54–55. (In Russian).
5. Zhuravleva L.N. The main directions of use of wood
waste. Actual problems of forestry complex: collection of
scientific works. papers based on the results of the Intern.
scientific-technical Conf. Vol. 18. Bryansk: BGITA, 2007,
pp. 96–99. (In Russian).
6. Lukutsova N. Influence of micro- and nanodispersed additions
on qualities of wood-and cement compositions.
SITA journal Israel, 2012. No. 3. Vol. 14, pp. 70–75.
7. Ayzenshtadt A., Valery Lesovik V., Frolova M.,
Tutygin A., Danilov V. Nanostructured Wood Mineral
Composite. Procedia Engineering, 2015. Vol. 117,
8. Lucash A.A., Lukutsova N.P. The prospect of the production
of building materials from wood to rot sound.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2016.
No. 9, pp. 85–88. (In Russian).
9. Danilov V.E., Ayzenshtadt A.M., Frolova M.A.,
Turobova M.A., Karelsky A.M. Preparation of organic
filler based on wood’s crust and basalt for the development
of composite materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 7, pp. 72–75.
10. Dvorkin L.I. Stroitel’nye materialy iz otkhodov promyshlennosti
[Building materials from waste industry].
Rostov: Feniks, 2007. 368 pp. (In Russian).
11. Tuturin S.V. Mekhanicheskaya prochnost’ drevesiny
[The mechanical strength of wood]. Moscow. Sputnik
Company+, 2007. (In Russian).
12. Lukash A.A., Plotnikov V.V., Botagovski M.V. Mesh wall
panels of wood-based materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 2, рp. 72–73.
13. Levdansky V.A., Polezhaeva N.I., Levdansky A.V.,
Kuznetsov B.N. The isolation and study of the extractives
of birch bark: Proceedings of the Russian scientificpractice.
Conf. Forest and chemical complexes: problems
and solutions. Krasnoyarsk. 2003. pp. 422–426.
14. Gierlinger N., Jacques N., Schwanninger M., Wimmer
R., Hin-terstoisser B., Paques L.E. Canadian Journal
of Forest Research. 2003. No. 33, рp. 1727–1736.
Granulometric Composition of Fine-Disperse Ash Waste and Its Influence on Properties of Pressed Products
Fly ashes and ash-slag mixes are large-tonnage waste of many industrial branches and the need for using them for producing wall material is an important problem. The production of
silica brick and other pressed wall materials on the scale of raw material usage refers to large-tonnage production and is able to use ash waste as raw materials. In the technology of
pressing, there is a need for more dense packing of raw materials from sand of different fractions, rocks or production waste of different sizes. For using micropowders of ash waste, it
is necessary to know a granulometric composition of ash powders. On this basis, it is possible to determine the composition of the mix and a frame-formation grain. A program of
inspection of fine-disperse powders of ash waste on the granulometric composition and determination of the frame-formation grain size in the composition is presented. On the basis of
this study, a series of enlarging additives on the example of ash and ash-slag waste has been investigated. The results obtained make it possible to conduct the mathematic simulation
by the example of sand mixes for providing the density of packing of pressed samples and selection of a binder.
Keywords: ash, granulometric composition, pressing, density, frame formation grain.
G.V. KUZNETSOVA, Engineer (Kuznetzowa.firstname.lastname@example.org)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, 420043, Kazan, Russian Federation)
1. Rakhimov R.Z., Magdeev U.Kh., Yarmakovskiy V.N.
Ecology, Scientific Achievements and Innovations in the
Manufacture of Building Materials on the Basis and with
the Use of Technogenic Raw Materials. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 12,
pp. 7–11. (In Russian).
2. Kalashnikov V.I. Concrete: macro-, nano- and pikomasshtabny
input products. Real nanotechnologies of concrete.
Days of modern concrete. From the theory to practice:
collection of reports of conference. Zaporozh’e. 2012,
pp. 38–50. (In Russian).
3. Kuznetsova G.V. A Lime Binder for Wall Silicate
Products from Chippings of Rock Crushing. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 12,
pp. 34–37. (In Russian).
4. Kuznetsova G.V., Morozova N.N. Problems of
Replacement of Traditional Technology of Silicate Brick
with Preparation of a Lime- Siliceous Binder by Direct
Technology. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2013. No. 9, pp. 14–18. (In Russian).
5. Kalashnikov V.I. What is the Powder-Activated Concrete
of New Generation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 10, pp. 70–71. (In Russian).
6. Bozhenov P.I. Tekhnologiya avtoklavnykh materialov
[Technology of autoclave materials]. Leningrad:
Stroyizdat. 1978. 368 p.
Assessment of the Use of Drilling Cuttings of the Republic of Bashkortostan in Construction
Drilling cuttings are waste of well boring at oil extraction. That’s why the problem of its processing always sharply faces the oil workers. There are various methods of drilling waste pro-
cessing. An issue of their useful application in different branches of the industry including constructing is especially relevant. Authors conducted studies of drilling cuttings of
Zguritskoye and Chermasanskoye oil deposits for assessing the possibility of their use in the composition of a composite road-building material for road beds, oilfields and other similar
structures. The content of drilling cuttings in the developed composition is not less than 50 mass %. Results of the study show that this material does not contain ecologically danger-
ous elements and can be used for beds and pavements of the IV category roads.
Keywords: waste processing, drilling cuttings, road building composite material.
G.Yu. SHAGIGALIN, Bachelor, A.V. GATAULLIN, Bachelor, N.B. KHABABUTDINOVA, Master (email@example.com),
L.N. LOMAKINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University
(1, Kosmonavtov Street, Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation)
1. Krashanovskiy S.Е., Vinogradov Е.V. Impact drilling
fluid environment. Young Creativity – step into a successful
future: proceedings of the VII All-Russian Scientific Student
Conference with elements of scientific school named after
professor М.K. Korovina. Tomsk. 10–14 November 2014.
date of access 28.03.2016) (In Russian).
2. Budnikov V.F., Bulatov A.I., Makarenko P.P. Okhrana
okruzhayushchei sredy v neftegazovoi promyshlennosti
[Environmental protection in the oil and gas industry].
Moscow: Nedra. 1997. 483 p.
3. Yagafarova G.G., Barakhnina V.B. Disposal of environmentally
hazardous drilling waste. Elektronnyi nauchnyi
zhurnal Neftegazovoe delo. 2006. No. 1. ( http://ogbus.ru/
authors/Yagafarova/Yagafarova_2.pdf date of access
28.03.2016). (In Russian).
4. Korol’ V.V., Pozdnyshev G.N., Manyrin V.N. Disposal
of drilling waste. Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii. 2005.
No. 1, pp. 40–42. (In Russian).
5. Shagigalin G.U., Gataullin A.V., Lomakina L.N.,
Bikmeeva N.B. The applicability of drilling waste in the
production of building materials. Thesis report 66 student
scientific conference. Ufa. 2015. (In Russian).
6. Shagigalin G.U., Gataullin A.V., Lomakina L.N. Soilcement
building material on the basis of drill cuttings.
Thesis report VI scientific and technical conferences LLC
“BashNIPIneft”. Ufa. 2016. (In Russian).
7. Patent RF 2426708. Stroitel’nyi material Burolit [Building
material Burolit]. Andreev О.P., Akhmedsafin S.К.,
Petrov G.F., Arabskiy А.К., Chesnov I.P., Utkina N.N.
Declared 11.10.2006. Published 20.07.2007. (In Russian).
8. Patent RF 2541009 Grunt ukreplennyi dorozhno-stroitel’nyi
[Soil fortified road-building]. Zabolotskiy S.S. Declared
11.10.2006; Published 20.07.2007. (In Russian).
Modification of Road Bitumen by Production Waste*
The possibility of modifying the road bitumen by the waste of Selenginsky Cellulose and Cardboard Plant as a component that improves its rheological performance is considered.
The most effective way of improving the properties of bitumens is modification by polymers. The chemical interaction of components in the compositions of bitumen-polymer materi
als provides their homogeneity and stability, and reduces the probability of separation of the composition due to the density difference of bitumens and modifiers. The experimental
data confirm the presence of positive technical effect of application of lignin-containing waste to improve rheological properties of road bitumen. The obtained bitumen-polymer
material with concentrations of lignin wt%: 2, 5 and 10, and 10 wt% of sulfolignin, makes it possible to adjust the rheological properties of the asphalt binder when used in road con
Keywords: modified bitumen, polymer-bitumen materials, lignin, sulfolignin, rheological properties, penetration, ductility, brittleness temperature, softening temperature.
Yu.V. TONEVITSKII1, Candidate of Science (Chemistry) (email@example.com); D.M. MOGNONOV1,2, Doctor of Science (Chemistry) (firstname.lastname@example.org);
1,2, Candidate of Science (Engineering) (email@example.com); Yu.N. KUZNETSOV1
, Postgraduate (firstname.lastname@example.org)
1 Buryat State University (24a Smolin Street, 670000, Ulan-Ude, Russian Federation)
2 Baikal Institute of Nature Management of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science (6, Sakhyanovoy Street, 670047, Ulan-Ude, Russian Federation)
1. Gokhman L.M., Gurarii E.M., Davydov A.R., Davydova
K.I. Polimerno-bitumnye vyazhushchie materialy
na osnove SBS dlya dorozhnogo stroitel’stva.
[Polymer-bitumen binders on the basis of SBS for road
construction]. Moscow: Informavtodor. 2002. Vol. 4.
2. Kalinin V.V., Masyuk A.F., Khudyakova T.S. Structure
and properties of bitumen modified with polymers. Road
building machinery. Annual Business Directory. 2003,
pp. 174–181. (In Russian).
3. Epstein Ya.V., Akhmina E.I., Raskin M.N. Rational direction
of use of a hydrolytic lignin. Khimiya drevesiny.
1977. No. 6, pp. 24–44. (In Russian).
4. Kiselev V.P., Bugayenko E.V., Yefremov A.A., Tolstikhin
K.A. Physical and mechanical properties of asphalt
compositions with additives of plant polymers. Proceedings
of the II International Scientific Conference “Experimental
methods in physics of heterogeneous condensed matter”.
Barnaul. 2001, pp. 107–114. (In Russian).
5. Smirnov N.S. New life of the “squeezed-out” bitumens.
The knitting materials BITREK on the basis of chemically
processed oxidized bitumens and a fine rubber
crumb. Dorogi Rossii XXI veka. 2002. No. 6, pp. 70–78.
6. Surmeli D.D. Influence of a kind of rubber on the production
parameters and quality of rubber materials.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 1976.
No. 5, pp. 21–22. (In Russian).
7. Ayupov D.A., Murafa A.V., Khakimullin Yu.N.,
Khozin V.G. Modified bituminous binders for construction
application. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2009. No. 8, pp. 50–51. (In Russian).
8. Ayupov D.A., Potapova L.I., Murafa A.V., Fakhrutdinova
V.H., Khakimullin Yu.N., Khozin V.G. Research of
features of interaction of bitumens with polymers.
Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturnostroitel’nogo
universiteta. 2011. No. 1, pp. 140–146.
Experimental Determination of Friction Coefficient of Some Potential Thermosetting Minerals
In view of a new concept of an electric kiln with movable hearths with energy density of vermiculite burning 50-60 MJ/m3 and meant for thermal activation of other minerals the problem
appeared to determine their coefficient of kinetic friction during the movement. It is caused by the need of movement modelling of one-layered flows of heat-treated minerals on the
vibrating surface of hearths. The experimental results are presented to find friction coefficient of some potential thermosetting minerals.
Keywords: vermiculite, electric kiln with movable hearths, thermal activation of minerals, coefficient of kinetic friction.
A.I. NIZHEGORODOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
Irkutsk National Research State Technical University (83, Lermontov street, Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation)
1. Afanas’ev B.V. Mineral’nye resursy shchelochnoul’traosnovnykh
massivov Kol’skogo poluostrova
[Mineral Resources of the Ultrabasic-Alkaline Massifs of
the Kola Peninsula]. St. Petersburg: Roza Vetrov, 2011.
2. Akhtyamov R.Ya. Vermiculite Is a Raw Material to
Produce Fireproof and Heat-Insulating Material.
Ogneupory i tekhnicheskaya keramika. 2009. No. 1–2,
рр. 59–64.(In Russian).
3. Popov N.A. Proizvodstvo i primenenie vermikulita [
Production and Applications of Vermiculite]. Moscow:
Stroiizdat. 1964. 128 p.
4. Nizhegorodov A.I. Tekhnologii i oborudovanie dlya pererabotki
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