Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №8

Table of contents

L.Yu. VOROPAEV, Leading Architect ( OOO «Zebra Project» (4, Chertanovo Severnoye, 117648, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Functional Interaction of Car Parks and Residential Complexes Designing parking lots for the storage of personal vehicles is currently one of the main problems facing the architect when designing residential complexes. In this regard, there are problems with compact location of cars on a limited area. Issues of the functional interaction of car parks and residential complexes are considered. The problem of interaction is revealed through the criteria which influence on the space-planning decisions of car parks built in residential complexes. The process of integration of parkings in residential complexes is considered in the context of the chain of owner-car-parking space, where the transition between the links of this chain is carried out due to the use of special technical and space-planning activities. The current level of development of devices for parking of cars makes it possible to modify the process of interaction between a person and a car and to expand the range of space-planning solutions for multifunctional residential complexes.

Keywords: parking, garage, ramp garage, semi-mechanized garage, the mechanized garage, storage of personal motor transport, residential complex.

For citation: Voropaev L.Yu. Functional Interaction of Car Parks and Residential Complexes. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 3–9. (In Russian).

1. Rejting stran mira po urovnju avtomobilizacii [The rating of the countries of the world on automobilization level]. Centr gumanitarnyh tehnologij, 2016. (Poslednuaya redakcia30.10.2016). info. (Data of access 24.05.2017). (In Russian).
2. Vuchik Vukan R. Transport v gorodah, udobnyh dlja zhizni [Transport in the cities convenient for life]. Moscow: Territorija budushhego, 2011. 576 p.
3. Skachkov P.A., Gorneva O.S., Shutov S.V., Gnatjuk K.V. Metod of determination of potential of development of the built-up inhabited territories. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2015. No. 4, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
4. Parksafe fuer oeffentliches Parken “Franklin Parkolohaz”. Wöhr. 2008. No. 10, pp. 1–8.
5. Balakin V.V., Sidorenko V.F. Protection of pedestrian zones and housing estate against blowouts of the motor transport means of gardening. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2016. No. 5, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).
6. Aleksashina V.V. The organization of the sanitary protection zone of the industrial enterprise in the conditions of urban development. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2004. No. 10, pp. 28–29. (In Russian).
7. Hoffman M.Die Sanierung und Modernisierung von Parkhaeusern und Tiefgaragen aus Stahlbeton wird “gruen”. Parken aktuell. 2010. No. 9, pp. 5–52.
8. Gel’fond A.L., Ducev M.V. Prisposobleniye of the building in the context of museum and exhibition spaces of the historical city. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Serija: Stroitel’stvo i arhitektura. 2013. No. 31–1 (50), pp. 60–66. (In Russian).
9. Ignat’ev Ju.V. Construction of parkings and parkings in the large cities. Vestnik Juzhno-Ural’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Stroitel’stvo i arhitektura. 2012. No. 17 (276), pp. 68–72. (In Russian).
10. Aleksashina V.V. he prospect of development of world power and a problem of preservation of ecological equilibrium in the biosphere. Part I. Traditional power. Academia. Arhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 2, pp. 66–75. (In Russian).
Profi-Tour «Facade Tile»: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow .. . . . . 10
Heat-Insulating Inserts PENOPLEX® are an Innovative Product for Using in Monolithic Housing Construction . . . . . 12
A.L. GELFOND, Doctor of Architecture, Corresponding Member of RAABS( Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (65, Ilyinskaya Street, 603950, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation)

Multi-Apartment Housing in Level Education of Architect (experience of NNSAGU) The article is devoted to the issue of housing in the level system of architectural education. On the basis of NNSAGU experience, the author traces the features of course design of residential houses at the level of baccalaureate, study of the housing theme in the applied and academic magistracy and also in post graduate study. In the curriculum of the baccalaureate in the field of training Architecture, three course projects in NNSAGU are devoted to the housing: a single-family house, a mid-rise residential house and a multistory residential house. According to the methodology adopted in NNSAGU, a residential house is considered in the course and graduate designing as a part of the whole, a typological unit of the micro-district and, at the same time, as an autonomous structure built at the interconnection of architectural, structural, and engineering concepts. To illustrate the methods of studying the housing architecture of a certain period at the magistracy level, the structure of research is proposed. Postgraduate study makes it possible to reach a new level of generalization and to give recommendations on approaches to the design of the most prospective multi-apartment residential houses. The article is illustrated with the course projects of NNSAGU students.

Keywords: residential house, baccalaureate, magistracy, postgraduate study, architectural design.

For citation: Gelfond A.L. Multi-apartment housing in level education of architect (experience of NNSAGU). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 14–19. (In Russian).

1. Massovoe zhilishche kak ob»ekt tvorchestva. Rol’ sotsial’noi inzhenerii i khudozhestvennykh idei v proektirovanii zhiloi sredy. Opyt XX i problemy XXI veka [Mass housing as an object of creativity. The role of social engineering and creative ideas in designing living environments. Experience of the 20 and challenges 21 century]. Moscow: BUksMArt, 2015. 496 p. (In Russian).
2. Krugliy stol Rossijskoy akademii architekturi i stroitelnih nauk “Modern minimalist mass housing”. ACADEMIA. Architektura i stroitelstvo. 2014. No. 4, pp. 123–130. (In Russian).
3. Hudin A.A. Modern national mass housing (according to the materials of the roundtable of the Department of architecture, RAASN). Vestnik VRO RAASN. N. Novgorod, NNGASU. 2015, pp. 64–68. (In Russian).
4. Lidin K. Coherent Cities. Proekt Baikal. 2013. No. 35, pp. 36–41. (In Russian).
6. The General plan of the city of Nizhny Novgorod (approvals package). Legal act of the city of Nizhny Novgorod. Мoscow – N. Novgorod: NII genplana, 2008. (In Russian).
7. Kijanenko K.V. Social housing in capitalist Russia: between politics and architecture. Architektura i stroitelstvo Rossii. 2016. No. 1, pp. 6–23. (In Russian).
8. The organization of a network of cultural and community services. The system of public centers of the city. http:// (Date of access 1/08/2017). (In Russian).
O.S. SUBBOTIN, Doctor of Architecture ( Kuban State Agrarian University (13, Kalinina Street, 350044, Krasnodar, Russian Federation)

Reorganization of the Existing Residential Development in the Historical Environment of Settlements (on the example of Krasnodar) Issues of the reconstruction and restoration of the historical environment of settlements are considered. The relevance of the research theme is emphasized due to the role of the historical and architectural heritage as an integral part of the culture. Attention is focused on the significance of historical settlements of regional significance of the Krasnodar Krai. The analysis of the regular planning structure of these settlements is carried out. A special place is given to the reconstruction of residential buildings in the historical center of Krasnodar. The specific features of the evolution of the urban planning structure of the city, its historical appearance are revealed. The practical significance of the research is dictated by the possibility of using the proposed reconstructive measures for the preservation and renovation of the residential development in the historical environment, restoration and repair of houses that are architectural monuments. The main objective of these events is to improve the architectural expressiveness of buildings and the historical environment itself. Particular importance is attached to the implementation of urban development activities within the territory of historical settlements.

Keywords: historical environment, reorganization, settlement, development, residential house, architectural monument, appearance, culture, value, preservation.

For citation: Subbotin O.S. Reorganization of the existing residential development in the historical environment of settlements (on the example of Krasnodar). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 20–24. (In Russian).

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2. Subbotin O.S. Features of regeneration of quarters of historical building. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2012. No. 11, pp. 26–29. (In Russian).
3. Urban planning of residential areas and complexes. V. 2. Development and reconstruction of the existing residential development: monograph. Editor Y.V. Alekseev, G.Y. Somov [Gradostroitel’noe planirovanie zhilykh territorii i kompleksov. T. 2. Razvitie i rekonstruktsiya slozhivsheisya zhiloi zastroiki: monografiya. Pod red. Yu.V. Alekseeva, G.Yu. Somova.]. Moscow: ASV, 2010. 232 p.
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14. Subbotin O.S. Metodologiya of research of architectural and town-planning development of Kuban. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2014. No. 8, pp. 29–34. (In Russian).
P.N. UMNYAKOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Professor; N.P. UMNYAKOVA2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (; N.E. ALDOSHINA3, Artist-Restorer of the Highest Category
1 Restoration Art Institute (3, bldg 4, Gorodok imeni Baumana Street, 105037, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 Research Institute of Building Physics, NIISF RAABS (21, Lokomotivny Passage, 127238, Moscow, Russian Federation)
3 The Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra (Sergiev Posad, 141300, Moscow District, Russian Federation)

Provision of Thermal Conditions for Preserving Ancient Masterpieces of Russian Icon Painting of the Trinity Cathedral of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra Throughout the centuries a huge number of pilgrims have been visiting the Trinity Cathedral of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra. The existing system of heating and ventilation of the Cathedral should provide the favorable temperature-humidity conditions necessary for preserving ancient masterpieces of the Russian icon painting. The studies conducted made it possible to develop the methodology of temperature calculation on the surface of icons of the iconostasis and to make recommendations for operation of the heating and ventilation system of the Trinity Cathedral.

Keywords: temperature, icon, ventilation ducts, thermal resistance, temperature regime, humidity, stove heating, cathedral, structural decision.

For citation: Umnyakov P.N., Umnyakova N.P., Aldoshina N.E. Provision of thermal conditions for preserving ancient masterpieces of russian icon painting of the trinity cathedral of the holy Trinity-st. Sergius Lavra. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 25–29. (In Russian).

1. Umnyakov P.N., Umnyakova H.P., Aldoshina N.E. Preservation of ancient masterpieces of russian icon painting of the Trinity cathedral of the holy Trinity-St. Sergius lavra. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 6, pp. 40–44. (In Russian).
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4. Umnyakov P.N., Umnyakova N.P. Theoretical bases of temperature moisture conditions for preservation of icons and frescos in the operating Orthodox churches. Papers of the 6th International scientific and practical symposium «Environment of construction and preservation of temples of Orthodox Russia». Sergiyev Posad: Patriarshii izdatel’skopoligraficheskii tsentr, 2016, pp. 45–60.
5. Umnyakov P.N. Teplovoi i ekologicheskii comfort [Thermal and ecological comfort]. Moscow: Forum, 2009. 448 p.
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7. Rekomendatsii po uluchsheniyu temperaturno-vlazhnostnogo rezhima pamyatnika arkhitektury 15 veka – Troitskogo sobora Troitse-Sergievoi Lavry [Recommendations about improvement of temperature moisture conditions of a monument of architecture of the 15th century – Trinity Cathedral of Trinity-Sergius Lavra]. Moscow: NII stroitel’noi fiziki, 1977. 3 p.
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A.A. KHUDIN, Candidate of Architecture ( Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (65, ILyinskaya Street, 03950, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation)

Architecture of Urban Residential Houses of the Era of Postmodernism Abroad A review of the development of urban housing architecture in foreign countries in the era of postmodernism is presented. At present, there is a necessity to comprehend the creative approaches to the design of urban housing from the point of view of interaction of the new architecture with the historical environment. An analysis of concrete foreign examples makes it possible to determine the main directions for searching new leaders of the postmodernism. Some creative approaches are considered: connected with the appeal to partial historicism (postmodernist neo-classicism), a metaphoric approach, neotraditionalist, contextual (environmental), hybrid (eclectic) and creation of the complicated post-modernist space, which make it possible to solve the problem of accounting of a concrete place and the diversity of architectural language of the modern urban housing, are considered. These trends in the foreign architecture of the end of the XX century and the beginning of the XXI century are relevant when designing in the historical centers of Russian cities and deserve detailed study.

Keywords: architecture of urban housing, postmodernism, contextualism, partial historicism, neo-traditionalism.

For citation: Khudin A.A. Architecture of urban residential houses of the era of postmodernism abroad. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).

1. Bondarenko I.A. Sovremennoe i nesovremennoe v gorodskoi zastroike. V kn. Sovremennaya arkhitektura mira. [Modern and unmodern in urban development. In kN. Modern architecture of the world]. M.; SPb.: Sovremennoe i nesovremennoe v gorodskoi zastroike. V kn. Sovremennaya arkhitektura mira. Moscow; Sankt-Peterburg: Nestor-Istoriya, 2014. P. 23.
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N.S. SOKOLOV1,2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (, Director; S.N. SOKOLOV2, Engineer, Deputy Director for Science, А.N. SOKOLOV2, Engineer, Deputy Director for Production, V.M. RYABINOV2, Engineer, Deputy Director for Science
1 Chuvash State University Named After I.N. Ulyanov (15, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, 428015, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)
2 OOO PPF «FORST» (109a, Kalinina Street, Cheboksary, 428000, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)

About Bored-Injection Piles With Regulated Bearing Capacity By Soil Bored-injection piles manufactured according to the electric discharge technology (EDT-piles) are the most often used buried structures in geotechnical construction. The preferred use of these piles is due to increased value of their bearing capacity compared to other types of bored piles. As usual it’s difficult to achieve uniform bearing capacity of accepted type of piles within the range of development site for any construction site set by manifold engineering-geological elements. Using of EDT-piles with regulated bearing capacity provide a way to resolve problems of geotechnical construction for a specific object.

Keywords: bored-injection piles, electric discharge technology (EDT), bearing capacity, design strength, engineering-geological elements, piles with intermediate enlargements.

For citation: Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N., Ryabinov V.M. About bored-injection piles with regulated bearing capacity by soil. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 34–38. (In Russian).

1. Sokolov N.S., Ushkov S.M., Mefod’ev A.G., Sokolov S.N. Application area of bored-injection piles manufactured by electric discharge technology «EDT» during reconstruction. Materials of the 3rd All-Russian the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstructions» conference (NASKR-2001). Cheboksary – 2001, p. 381. (In Russian).
2. Sokolov N.S., Grigor’ev N.F., Sokolov S.N. Experience of using of micro piles . Materials of the 6th All-Russian the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstructions» conference (NASKR-2007). Cheboksary – 2007, pp. 106–109. (In Russian).
3. Ushkov S.M., Sokolov N.S., Viktorova S.S. Experience of using of slab-pile foundations. Materials of the 6th All- Russian the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstructions» conference (NASKR-2007). Cheboksary – 2007, pp. 110–111. (In Russian).
4. Sokolov N.S. Method of calculation bearing capacity of the bored-injection EDT-piles taking into account «thrust bearings». Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International) the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstructions» conference (NASKR-2014). Cheboksary – 2014, pp. 407–411. (In Russian).
5. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About Effectiveness of Installation of Bored-Injection Piles with Multiple Enlargements with Using of Electric Discharge Technology. Geotechnica. 2016. No. 2, pp. 28–34. (In Russian).
6. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. Features of Installation and Calculation of Bored-Injection Piles with Multiple Enlargements. Geotechnica. 2016. No. 3, pp. 60–66. (In Russian).
7. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. Technique of Construction of Bored-Injection Piles of Increased Bearing Capacity. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 9, pp. 11–14. (In Russian).
8. Sokolov N.S. Technological Methods of Installation of Bored- Injection Piles with Multiple Enlargements. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 54–59. (In Russian).
A.V. MASLYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) ( Volgograd State Technical University (28, Lenina Avenue, 400005, Volgograd, Russian Federation)

Short Life of Residential Buildings in Settlements of Russia As a rule, residential buildings form the largest part of the capital development of almost any Russian settlement. That’s why, strength characteristics of residential buildings with operation time of 100 and over years (more than a human life) should be the base of their construction. But the analysis of the design paradigm of residential buildings shows that the scheduled duration of the life cycle for the most part of residential buildings is 50 years. Convincing proof of this is the decisions of the executive authorities of Moscow about demolition of over 5 thousands legacy residential buildings built in 1950–1960s. This means that when the duration of life cycles of settlements is a thousand and more years, it is necessary to demolish legacy residential buildings and construct new ones approximately 200 times. Demolition and construction of several hundred thousands of residential buildings after every 50–60 years on the whole territory of Russia is a wildly expensive solution from the economical point of view. The article substantiates that, due to increasing the duration of life cycles of residential buildings up to 100 and over years, a large amount of demolitions and constructions of new residential buildings can be reduced by two times at least.

Keywords: short life, demolition of residential buildings, settlement, life cycle, natural hazards.

For citation: Maslyaev A.V. Short life of residential buildings in settlements of Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 39–42. (In Russian).

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2. Maslyaev A.V. Seismic danger in territory of the Volgograd region is underestimated by standard cards ОРС97 the Russian Federation at the expense of simplification of tectonic conditions. Seismostoikoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzhenii. 2011. № 6. C. 46–49.
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O.A. IVANOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Economic) ( OOO NPTS “Razvitie Goroda” (Structure 3, 19, Mira Avenue, 129090, Moscow, Russian Federation)

The Use of Quality Coefficient of Living when Developing Address Programs of Development of Built-Up Areas The quality coefficient of liveng and possibility of its use when developing address programs of development of built-up areas is considered. The quality factor of habitation makes it possible to objectively evaluate the living quality in the multi-apartment house or at the specific area of the existing residential development as well as it can serve as a standard when developing the task of its renovation. An original method for its calculation is presented; methods for its actualization are proposed, examples of the calculation of the quality factor of living for 11 areas of the existing residential development including the calculation of this factor for series of residential houses at these areas are presented.

Keywords: apartment buildings, living quality, integral parameter, quality coefficient of living, calculation methods, transformation of built-up areas.

For citation: Ivanova O.A. The use of quality coefficient of living when developing address programs of development of built-up areas. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 43–48. (In Russian).

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