Table of contents
L.Yu. VOROPAEV, Leading Architect (email@example.com)
OOO «Zebra Project» (4, Chertanovo Severnoye, 117648, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Functional Interaction of Car Parks and Residential Complexes
Designing parking lots for the storage of personal vehicles is currently one of the main problems facing the architect when designing residential complexes. In this
regard, there are problems with compact location of cars on a limited area. Issues of the functional interaction of car parks and residential complexes are considered.
The problem of interaction is revealed through the criteria which influence on the space-planning decisions of car parks built in residential complexes. The process
of integration of parkings in residential complexes is considered in the context of the chain of owner-car-parking space, where the transition between the links of this
chain is carried out due to the use of special technical and space-planning activities. The current level of development of devices for parking of cars makes it possible
to modify the process of interaction between a person and a car and to expand the range of space-planning solutions for multifunctional residential complexes.
Keywords: parking, garage, ramp garage, semi-mechanized garage, the mechanized garage, storage of personal motor transport, residential complex.
For citation: Voropaev L.Yu. Functional Interaction of Car Parks and Residential Complexes. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8,
pp. 3–9. (In Russian).
1. Rejting stran mira po urovnju avtomobilizacii [The rating of
the countries of the world on automobilization level]. Centr
gumanitarnyh tehnologij, 2016. (Poslednuaya redakcia30.10.2016). http://gtmarket.ru/ratings/passenger-cars-perinhabitants/
info. (Data of access 24.05.2017). (In Russian).
2. Vuchik Vukan R. Transport v gorodah, udobnyh dlja zhizni
[Transport in the cities convenient for life]. Moscow: Territorija
budushhego, 2011. 576 p.
3. Skachkov P.A., Gorneva O.S., Shutov S.V., Gnatjuk K.V.
Metod of determination of potential of development of
the built-up inhabited territories. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo
[Housing construction]. 2015. No. 4, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
4. Parksafe fuer oeffentliches Parken “Franklin Parkolohaz”.
Wöhr. 2008. No. 10, pp. 1–8.
5. Balakin V.V., Sidorenko V.F. Protection of pedestrian zones
and housing estate against blowouts of the motor transport
means of gardening. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing
construction]. 2016. No. 5, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).
6. Aleksashina V.V. The organization of the sanitary protection
zone of the industrial enterprise in the conditions of urban
development. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo.
2004. No. 10, pp. 28–29. (In Russian).
7. Hoffman M.Die Sanierung und Modernisierung von
Parkhaeusern und Tiefgaragen aus Stahlbeton wird “gruen”.
Parken aktuell. 2010. No. 9, pp. 5–52.
8. Gel’fond A.L., Ducev M.V. Prisposobleniye of the building
in the context of museum and exhibition spaces of the
historical city. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo
arhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Serija: Stroitel’stvo i
arhitektura. 2013. No. 31–1 (50), pp. 60–66. (In Russian).
9. Ignat’ev Ju.V. Construction of parkings and parkings in the
large cities. Vestnik Juzhno-Ural’skogo gosudarstvennogo
universiteta. Serija: Stroitel’stvo i arhitektura. 2012.
No. 17 (276), pp. 68–72. (In Russian).
10. Aleksashina V.V. he prospect of development of world power
and a problem of preservation of ecological equilibrium in the
biosphere. Part I. Traditional power. Academia. Arhitektura i
stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 2, pp. 66–75. (In Russian).
Profi-Tour «Facade Tile»: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow .. . . . . 10
Heat-Insulating Inserts PENOPLEX® are an Innovative Product for Using in Monolithic Housing Construction . . . . . 12
A.L. GELFOND, Doctor of Architecture, Corresponding Member of RAABS(firstname.lastname@example.org)
Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering
(65, Ilyinskaya Street, 603950, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation)
Multi-Apartment Housing in Level Education of Architect (experience of NNSAGU)
The article is devoted to the issue of housing in the level system of architectural education. On the basis of NNSAGU experience, the author traces the features
of course design of residential houses at the level of baccalaureate, study of the housing theme in the applied and academic magistracy and also in post
graduate study. In the curriculum of the baccalaureate in the field of training Architecture, three course projects in NNSAGU are devoted to the housing: a
single-family house, a mid-rise residential house and a multistory residential house. According to the methodology adopted in NNSAGU, a residential house
is considered in the course and graduate designing as a part of the whole, a typological unit of the micro-district and, at the same time, as an autonomous
structure built at the interconnection of architectural, structural, and engineering concepts. To illustrate the methods of studying the housing architecture of a
certain period at the magistracy level, the structure of research is proposed. Postgraduate study makes it possible to reach a new level of generalization and
to give recommendations on approaches to the design of the most prospective multi-apartment residential houses. The article is illustrated with the course
projects of NNSAGU students.
Keywords: residential house, baccalaureate, magistracy, postgraduate study, architectural design.
For citation: Gelfond A.L. Multi-apartment housing in level education of architect (experience of NNSAGU). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2017. No. 8, pp. 14–19. (In Russian).
1. Massovoe zhilishche kak ob»ekt tvorchestva. Rol’ sotsial’noi
inzhenerii i khudozhestvennykh idei v proektirovanii zhiloi
sredy. Opyt XX i problemy XXI veka [Mass housing as
an object of creativity. The role of social engineering and
creative ideas in designing living environments. Experience
of the 20 and challenges 21 century]. Moscow: BUksMArt,
2015. 496 p. (In Russian).
2. Krugliy stol Rossijskoy akademii architekturi i stroitelnih nauk
“Modern minimalist mass housing”. ACADEMIA. Architektura
i stroitelstvo. 2014. No. 4, pp. 123–130. (In Russian).
3. Hudin A.A. Modern national mass housing (according to the
materials of the roundtable of the Department of architecture,
RAASN). Vestnik VRO RAASN. N. Novgorod, NNGASU.
2015, pp. 64–68. (In Russian).
4. Lidin K. Coherent Cities. Proekt Baikal. 2013. No. 35,
pp. 36–41. (In Russian).
6. The General plan of the city of Nizhny Novgorod (approvals
package). Legal act of the city of Nizhny Novgorod. Мoscow
– N. Novgorod: NII genplana, 2008. (In Russian).
7. Kijanenko K.V. Social housing in capitalist Russia: between
politics and architecture. Architektura i stroitelstvo Rossii.
2016. No. 1, pp. 6–23. (In Russian).
8. The organization of a network of cultural and community
services. The system of public centers of the city. http://
(Date of access 1/08/2017). (In Russian).
O.S. SUBBOTIN, Doctor of Architecture (email@example.com)
Kuban State Agrarian University (13, Kalinina Street, 350044, Krasnodar, Russian Federation)
Reorganization of the Existing Residential Development in the Historical Environment of Settlements
(on the example of Krasnodar)
Issues of the reconstruction and restoration of the historical environment of settlements are considered. The relevance of the research theme is emphasized
due to the role of the historical and architectural heritage as an integral part of the culture. Attention is focused on the significance of historical settlements of
regional significance of the Krasnodar Krai. The analysis of the regular planning structure of these settlements is carried out. A special place is given to the
reconstruction of residential buildings in the historical center of Krasnodar. The specific features of the evolution of the urban planning structure of the city, its
historical appearance are revealed. The practical significance of the research is dictated by the possibility of using the proposed reconstructive measures for the
preservation and renovation of the residential development in the historical environment, restoration and repair of houses that are architectural monuments. The
main objective of these events is to improve the architectural expressiveness of buildings and the historical environment itself. Particular importance is attached
to the implementation of urban development activities within the territory of historical settlements.
Keywords: historical environment, reorganization, settlement, development, residential house, architectural monument, appearance, culture, value,
For citation: Subbotin O.S. Reorganization of the existing residential development in the historical environment of settlements (on the example of Krasnodar).
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 20–24. (In Russian).
1. Goriachev O.M., Prykina L.V. Osobennosti vozvedeniya zdanii
v stesnennykh usloviyakh [Features of erection of buildings in
cramped conditions]. Moscow: Academia, 2003. 272 p.
2. Subbotin O.S. Features of regeneration of quarters
of historical building. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing
construction]. 2012. No. 11, pp. 26–29. (In Russian).
3. Urban planning of residential areas and complexes. V. 2.
Development and reconstruction of the existing residential
development: monograph. Editor Y.V. Alekseev, G.Y. Somov
[Gradostroitel’noe planirovanie zhilykh territorii i kompleksov.
T. 2. Razvitie i rekonstruktsiya slozhivsheisya zhiloi zastroiki:
monografiya. Pod red. Yu.V. Alekseeva, G.Yu. Somova.].
Moscow: ASV, 2010. 232 p.
4. Bondar V.V. Krasnodar: the fate of the old center. To the
problem of the modern crisis of the historical and architectural
appearance of the city [Krasnodar: sud’ba starogo tsentra.
K probleme sovremennogo krizisa istoriko-arkhitekturnogo
oblika goroda]. Krasnodar: Izd. I. Platonov, 2007. 80 p.
5. Bardadym V.P. Architects of Ekaterinodar [Zodchie Ekaterinodara].
Krasnodar: Sovetskaya Kuban’, 1995. 112 p.
6. Subbotin O.S., Khrtankov V.F. Effective use of energy-saving
structures and materials in low-rise residential buildings.
Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2008. No. 12,
pp. 20–23. (In Russian).
7. Subbotin O.S. Innovative materials and technologies in the
Olympic stadiums in Sochi. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing
construction]. 2016. No. 8, pp. 19–25. (In Russian).
8. Kasyanov V.F. Reconstruction of residential buildings in
cities [Rekonstruktsiya zhiloi zastroiki gorodov]. Moscow:
ASV, 2005. 224 p.
9. Mityagin S.D. Gradostroitel’stvo. Epokha peremen [Town
planning. The Age of Change]. St. Petersburg: Zodchii,
2016. 280 p.
10. Krogius V.R. Historical cities of Russia as a phenomenon of
its cultural heritage [Istoricheskie goroda Rossii kak fenomen
ee kul’turnogo naslediya]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya,
2009. 312 p.
11. Ryabushin A.V. Development of residential environment.
Problems, patterns, trends [Razvitie zhiloi sredy. Problemy,
zakonomernosti, tendentsii]. Moscow: Stroiizdat, 1976. 381 p.
12. Subbotin O.S. The most important stages in the development
of the Kuban and the strategy of its development. Vestnik
MGSU. 2011. № 2. Vol. 2, pp. 14–18. (In Russian).
13. Somov G.Y. Historical urban environment: objects of
research and means of regeneration. Urban planning
problems of heritage protection: a collection of materials
of the scientific and practical conference. NIITIAG RAASN,
edited by E.A. Shevchenko. Moscow: Zodchii, 2013. Vol. 2.
14. Subbotin O.S. Metodologiya of research of architectural and
town-planning development of Kuban. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo
[Housing construction]. 2014. No. 8, pp. 29–34. (In Russian).
P.N. UMNYAKOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Professor; N.P. UMNYAKOVA2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org);
N.E. ALDOSHINA3, Artist-Restorer of the Highest Category
Provision of Thermal Conditions for Preserving Ancient Masterpieces of Russian Icon Painting
of the Trinity Cathedral of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra
Throughout the centuries a huge number of pilgrims have been visiting the Trinity Cathedral of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra. The existing system of heating
and ventilation of the Cathedral should provide the favorable temperature-humidity conditions necessary for preserving ancient masterpieces of the Russian icon
painting. The studies conducted made it possible to develop the methodology of temperature calculation on the surface of icons of the iconostasis and to make
recommendations for operation of the heating and ventilation system of the Trinity Cathedral.
Keywords: temperature, icon, ventilation ducts, thermal resistance, temperature regime, humidity, stove heating, cathedral, structural decision.
For citation: Umnyakov P.N., Umnyakova N.P., Aldoshina N.E. Provision of thermal conditions for preserving ancient masterpieces of russian icon painting of
the trinity cathedral of the holy Trinity-st. Sergius Lavra. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 25–29. (In Russian).
1 Restoration Art Institute (3, bldg 4, Gorodok imeni Baumana Street, 105037, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 Research Institute of Building Physics, NIISF RAABS (21, Lokomotivny Passage, 127238, Moscow, Russian Federation)
3 The Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra (Sergiev Posad, 141300, Moscow District, Russian Federation)
1. Umnyakov P.N., Umnyakova H.P., Aldoshina N.E. Preservation
of ancient masterpieces of russian icon painting of
the Trinity cathedral of the holy Trinity-St. Sergius lavra.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017.
No. 6, pp. 40–44. (In Russian).
2. Vlasov O.E. Osnovy stroitel’noi teplotekhniki [Bases
construction heating engineers]. Moscow: VIA, RKKA, 1938.
3. Fokin K.F. Stroitel’naya teplotekhnika ograzhdayushchikh
chastei zdanii [Construction the heating engineer of the
protecting parts of buildings]. Moscow: AVOK-Press, 2005.
4. Umnyakov P.N., Umnyakova N.P. Theoretical bases of
temperature moisture conditions for preservation of icons
and frescos in the operating Orthodox churches. Papers
of the 6th International scientific and practical symposium
«Environment of construction and preservation of temples of
Orthodox Russia». Sergiyev Posad: Patriarshii izdatel’skopoligraficheskii
tsentr, 2016, pp. 45–60.
5. Umnyakov P.N. Teplovoi i ekologicheskii comfort [Thermal
and ecological comfort]. Moscow: Forum, 2009. 448 p.
6. Machinsky V.D. Teplotekhnicheskie osnovy stroitel’stva
[Heattechnical bases of construction]. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe
izdatel’stvo stroitel’noi literatury, 1949. 326 p.
7. Rekomendatsii po uluchsheniyu temperaturno-vlazhnostnogo
rezhima pamyatnika arkhitektury 15 veka – Troitskogo
sobora Troitse-Sergievoi Lavry [Recommendations about
improvement of temperature moisture conditions of a
monument of architecture of the 15th century – Trinity
Cathedral of Trinity-Sergius Lavra]. Moscow: NII stroitel’noi
fiziki, 1977. 3 p.
8. Baldin V.I. Architecture of Trinity Cathedral of Trinity-Sergius
Lavra. Arkhitekturnoe nasledstvo. 1956. No. 6, pp. 21–55.
9. Shchenkov A. S. About art problems of a hramostroyeniye of
a turn of the XIX–XX centuries. Arkhitekturnoe nasledstvo.
2003. No. 45. 144 p.
10. Baldin V.I., Mityushina T.N. Troitse-sergieva Lavra [Trinity
Sergius Lavra]. Moscow: Nauka, 1996. 243 p.
A.A. KHUDIN, Candidate of Architecture (email@example.com)
Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (65, ILyinskaya Street, 03950, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation)
Architecture of Urban Residential Houses of the Era of Postmodernism Abroad
A review of the development of urban housing architecture in foreign countries in the era of postmodernism is presented. At present, there is a necessity
to comprehend the creative approaches to the design of urban housing from the point of view of interaction of the new architecture with the historical
environment. An analysis of concrete foreign examples makes it possible to determine the main directions for searching new leaders of the postmodernism.
Some creative approaches are considered: connected with the appeal to partial historicism (postmodernist neo-classicism), a metaphoric approach, neotraditionalist,
contextual (environmental), hybrid (eclectic) and creation of the complicated post-modernist space, which make it possible to solve the problem
of accounting of a concrete place and the diversity of architectural language of the modern urban housing, are considered. These trends in the foreign
architecture of the end of the XX century and the beginning of the XXI century are relevant when designing in the historical centers of Russian cities and
deserve detailed study.
Keywords: architecture of urban housing, postmodernism, contextualism, partial historicism, neo-traditionalism.
For citation: Khudin A.A. Architecture of urban residential houses of the era of postmodernism abroad. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017.
No. 8, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).
1. Bondarenko I.A. Sovremennoe i nesovremennoe v
gorodskoi zastroike. V kn. Sovremennaya arkhitektura
mira. [Modern and unmodern in urban development. In kN.
Modern architecture of the world]. M.; SPb.: Sovremennoe i
nesovremennoe v gorodskoi zastroike. V kn. Sovremennaya
arkhitektura mira. Moscow; Sankt-Peterburg: Nestor-Istoriya,
2014. P. 23.
2. Hudin A.A. Author’s concepts in architecture of the western
postmodernism. Privolzhskii nauchnyi zhurnal. 2014. No. 2,
рp. 120–124. (In Russian).
3. Esaulov G.V. Ot polistilizma k global’nomu regionalizmu. V
kn. Sovremennaya arkhitektura mira [From a polistilizm to
global regionalism. In kN. Modern architecture of the world].
Moscow; Sankt-Peterburg: Nestor-Istoriya, 2012. P. 247.
4. Ikonnikov A.V. Arkhitektura XX veka [Architecture of the
XX century. Utopias and reality]. V. 2. Moscow: Progress-
Traditsiya, 2002. 241 p.
5. Hudin A.A. Similarity and difference of postmodernism in
foreign and Russian architecture. Privolzhskii nauchnyi
zhurnal. 2014. No. 1, рp. 89–93. (In Russian).
6. Dobritsyna I.A. Poetika postmodernistskoi arkhitektury. V
kn. Teoriya kompozitsii kak poetika arkhitektury [Poetics of
postmodern architecture. In kN. Theory of composition as
poetics of architecture]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya, 2002.
7. Dzhenks Ch. Yazyk arkhitektury postmodernizma [Language
of architecture of postmodernism]. M.: Stroiizdat, 1985.
8. Pustovgarov V.I. Sovremennye napravleniya razvitiya
arkhitektury Germanii, Avstrii, Shveitsarii. V kn. Sovremennaya
arkhitektura mira [Modern directions of development of
architecture of Germany, Austria, Switzerland. In kn. Modern
architecture of the world]. Moscow; Sankt-Peterburg: Nestor
Istoriya, 2011. P. 7.
N.S. SOKOLOV1,2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), Director; S.N. SOKOLOV2, Engineer, Deputy Director for Science,
А.N. SOKOLOV2, Engineer, Deputy Director for Production, V.M. RYABINOV2, Engineer, Deputy Director for Science
About Bored-Injection Piles With Regulated Bearing Capacity By Soil
Bored-injection piles manufactured according to the electric discharge technology (EDT-piles) are the most often used buried structures in geotechnical
construction. The preferred use of these piles is due to increased value of their bearing capacity compared to other types of bored piles. As usual it’s difficult to
achieve uniform bearing capacity of accepted type of piles within the range of development site for any construction site set by manifold engineering-geological
elements. Using of EDT-piles with regulated bearing capacity provide a way to resolve problems of geotechnical construction for a specific object.
Keywords: bored-injection piles, electric discharge technology (EDT), bearing capacity, design strength, engineering-geological elements, piles with
For citation: Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N., Ryabinov V.M. About bored-injection piles with regulated bearing capacity by soil. Zhilishchnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 34–38. (In Russian).
1 Chuvash State University Named After I.N. Ulyanov (15, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, 428015, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)
2 OOO PPF «FORST» (109a, Kalinina Street, Cheboksary, 428000, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)
1. Sokolov N.S., Ushkov S.M., Mefod’ev A.G., Sokolov S.N.
Application area of bored-injection piles manufactured by electric
discharge technology «EDT» during reconstruction. Materials
of the 3rd All-Russian the «New in Architecture, Designing
of Construction Designs and Reconstructions» conference
(NASKR-2001). Cheboksary – 2001, p. 381. (In Russian).
2. Sokolov N.S., Grigor’ev N.F., Sokolov S.N. Experience of
using of micro piles . Materials of the 6th All-Russian the
«New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and
Reconstructions» conference (NASKR-2007). Cheboksary –
2007, pp. 106–109. (In Russian).
3. Ushkov S.M., Sokolov N.S., Viktorova S.S. Experience
of using of slab-pile foundations. Materials of the 6th All-
Russian the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction
Designs and Reconstructions» conference (NASKR-2007).
Cheboksary – 2007, pp. 110–111. (In Russian).
4. Sokolov N.S. Method of calculation bearing capacity of
the bored-injection EDT-piles taking into account «thrust
bearings». Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International)
the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction
Designs and Reconstructions» conference (NASKR-2014).
Cheboksary – 2014, pp. 407–411. (In Russian).
5. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About Effectiveness
of Installation of Bored-Injection Piles with Multiple
Enlargements with Using of Electric Discharge Technology.
Geotechnica. 2016. No. 2, pp. 28–34. (In Russian).
6. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. Features of Installation and
Calculation of Bored-Injection Piles with Multiple Enlargements.
Geotechnica. 2016. No. 3, pp. 60–66. (In Russian).
7. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. Technique of Construction
of Bored-Injection Piles of Increased Bearing Capacity.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016.
No. 9, pp. 11–14. (In Russian).
8. Sokolov N.S. Technological Methods of Installation of Bored-
Injection Piles with Multiple Enlargements. Zhilishchnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 54–59.
A.V. MASLYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Volgograd State Technical University (28, Lenina Avenue, 400005, Volgograd, Russian Federation)
Short Life of Residential Buildings in Settlements of Russia
As a rule, residential buildings form the largest part of the capital development of almost any Russian settlement. That’s why, strength characteristics of residential
buildings with operation time of 100 and over years (more than a human life) should be the base of their construction. But the analysis of the design paradigm
of residential buildings shows that the scheduled duration of the life cycle for the most part of residential buildings is 50 years. Convincing proof of this is the
decisions of the executive authorities of Moscow about demolition of over 5 thousands legacy residential buildings built in 1950–1960s. This means that when the
duration of life cycles of settlements is a thousand and more years, it is necessary to demolish legacy residential buildings and construct new ones approximately
200 times. Demolition and construction of several hundred thousands of residential buildings after every 50–60 years on the whole territory of Russia is a wildly
expensive solution from the economical point of view. The article substantiates that, due to increasing the duration of life cycles of residential buildings up to 100
and over years, a large amount of demolitions and constructions of new residential buildings can be reduced by two times at least.
Keywords: short life, demolition of residential buildings, settlement, life cycle, natural hazards.
For citation: Maslyaev A.V. Short life of residential buildings in settlements of Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8,
pp. 39–42. (In Russian).
1. Maslyaev A.V. Analys of positions of federal laws and standard
documents of the Russian Federation on application of cards
of seismic danger (ОSR2015) the Russian Federation in
building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction],
2016. No. 8, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).
2. Maslyaev A.V. Seismic danger in territory of the Volgograd
region is underestimated by standard cards ОРС97 the
Russian Federation at the expense of simplification of tectonic
conditions. Seismostoikoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’
sooruzhenii. 2011. № 6. C. 46–49.
3. Ulomov V. I, Shumilina l.S. Of h.p. the Complete set of cards of
the general seismic division into districts of territory of Russian
Federation ОСР7. Scale 1: 8000000. An explanatory note and
the list of cities and the settlements located in seismodangerous
areas. M.: Ministerstvo nauki i tekhnologii RF, RAN,
Ob»edinennyi institut fiziki Zemli im. O.Yu. Shmidta, 1999.
4 . Halturin V.I, Shomahmadov A.M., Gedakjan E.G.,
Sargsjan I.M., Mhitarjan L.A. Strengthening of intensity of
fluctuations in Leninakan. Collection of scientific works of
Academy of Sciences of the USSR «Complex assessment
of seismic danger. Questions of engineering seismology».
Moscow: Nauka. 1991. V. 32, pp. 5–14.
5. Alyoshin A.S. Seismicheskoe mikroraionirovanie osobo
otvetstvennykh ob»ektov [Seismic microdivision into districts
especially otvetstven the objects]. Moscow: Svetoch Plyus,
2010. 299 p.
6. Polyakov S.V. Feature’s Poles and lessons of Spitaksky
1988 of earthquake. Zhilishchnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing
construction], 1990. No. 1, pp. 14–17. (In Russian).
7. Maslyaev A.V. Protection of settlements of Russia from
influence of the dangerous natural phenomena. [Housing
construction], 2014. No. 4, pp. 40–43. (In Russian).
O.A. IVANOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Economic) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
OOO NPTS “Razvitie Goroda” (Structure 3, 19, Mira Avenue, 129090, Moscow, Russian Federation)
The Use of Quality Coefficient of Living when Developing Address Programs of Development of Built-Up Areas
The quality coefficient of liveng and possibility of its use when developing address programs of development of built-up areas is considered. The quality factor of
habitation makes it possible to objectively evaluate the living quality in the multi-apartment house or at the specific area of the existing residential development
as well as it can serve as a standard when developing the task of its renovation. An original method for its calculation is presented; methods for its actualization
are proposed, examples of the calculation of the quality factor of living for 11 areas of the existing residential development including the calculation of this factor
for series of residential houses at these areas are presented.
Keywords: apartment buildings, living quality, integral parameter, quality coefficient of living, calculation methods, transformation of built-up areas.
For citation: Ivanova O.A. The use of quality coefficient of living when developing address programs of development of built-up areas. Zhilishchnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 43–48. (In Russian).
1. Valui А.А., Kievskiy I.L., Khorkina Zh.A. Five Years of
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