Table of contents
M.A. GADZHIEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), F.M. KULIEV
, Engineer; S.M. ALAEVA
, Engineer (email@example.com)
Calculation of Reinforced Concrete Element of Rectangular Profile
with the Use of Three-Linear Diagram of Deformation
A unified numerical method for calculation of flexible reinforced concrete elements of rectangular profile for any level if loading with the use of three-linear
diagram of deformation has been developed. According to all thepossible variants of distribution of compacting stresses in concrete depending on the level of
loading, analytical expressions of the normal force and bending moment due to these expressions have been made. The solution of the problem is reduced
to solving the non-linear system of algebraic equations relative to the height of the compressed zone and deformation of the compressed face of the section.
A simple numerical algorithm for the solution of this system of equations is proposed. Simple calculation formulas for determining the bearing capacity of the
section are also presented. Their level of complexity is not more complicated than the traditional methods for calculation with the use of a rectangular stress
plot in concrete but two coefficients are additionally introduced. Numerical experiments show that the use of the tri-linear diagram makes it possible to clarify
the height of compressed zone of the section and save the reinforcement comparing with the traditional calculation with the use of the rectangular stress plot
Keywords: stress, deformation, three-linear diagram, moment, curvature.
For citation: Gadzhiev M.A., Kuliev F.M., Alaeva S.M. Calculation of reinforced concrete element of rectangular profile with the use of three-linear diagram
of deformation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 7, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).
Azerbaijan University of Architecture and Construction (11, Ayna Sultanova Street, Baku, AZ-1073)
Polzunov Altai State Technical University (46, Lenina Avenue, Barnaul, Altai Region, 656038, Russian Federation)
1. Rimshin V.I., Krishan A.L., Muhametzjanov A.I. Construction
of a diagram of deformation of uniaxially compressed concrete.
Vestnik MGSU. 2015. No. 6, pp. 23—31. (In Russian).
2. Karpenko N.I., Sokolov B.S., Radaikin O.V. To calculation
of strength, rigidity and crack resistance of eccentrically
compressed reinforced concrete elements with application
of nonlinear deformation model. Izvestiya KGASU. 2013.
No. 4 (26), pp. 113–120. (In Russian).
3. Zamaliev F.S. The accounting of non-linear properties of
materials and a pliability of layers at strength calculation the
stalezhelezobetonnykh of overlappings. Promyshlennoe i
grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 5, pp. 38–41. (In Russian).
4. Mishchenko A.V. Non-linear deformation of concrete
elements at longitudinally lateral flexure. Izvestiya vuzov.
Stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 4, pp. 3–12. (In Russian).
5. Dai J.-G. Behavior and Modeling of Concrete Confined with
FRP Composites of Large Deformability. Jian-Guo Dai, Yu-
Lei Bai, J. G. Teng. J. Compos. Constr., 2011. Vol. 15. No. 6,
6. Karpenko N.I., Sokolov B.S., Radaikin O.V. To assessment
of durability, a rigidity, the moment of fracturing and their
disclosure in a zone of their clear bend of reinforced concrete
beams with application of non-linear straining model. Izvestiya
vuzov. Stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 3, pp. 5–12. (In Russian).
7. Zalesov A.S., Zenin S.A. Actual condition and perspective
directions of development of the normative base of reinforcedconcrete. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013.
No. 1, pp. 8–10. (In Russian).
8. Rybnov E.I., Sanzharovskii R.S., Zvezdov A.I. On national
standards for reinforced concrete and ways to improve them.
Beton i zhelezobeton. 2012. No. 2, pp. 19–20. (In Russian).
9. Beglov A.D., Sanzharovskiy R.S. Teoriya rascheta
zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy na prochnost’ i ustoychivost’.
Sovremennye normy i evrostandarty. [The theory calculation
of reinforced concrete structures for strength and stability.
Modern standards and European standards]. Saint
Petersburg – Moscow: ASV. 2006. 222 р.
10. Kolmogorov A.G., Plevkov V.S. Raschet zhelezobetonnykh
konstruktsiy po rossiyskim i zarubezhnym normam.
[Calculation of reinforced concrete structures on the Russian
and international standards]. Moscow: ASV. 2014. 512 р.
11. Yakovlev S.K., Myslyaeva Ya.I. Raschet zhelezobetonnykh
konstruktsiy po evrokodu EN 1992. V dvukh chastyakh.
Chast’ 1. [Calculation of reinforced concrete structures
according to Eurocode EN 1992. In two parts. Part 1].
Moscow: MGSU. 2015. 204 р.
v12. Kodysh E.N., Nikitin I.K., Trekin N.N. Raschet zhelezo-
betonnykh konstruktsiy iz tyazhelogo betona po prochnosti,
treshchinostoykosti i deformatsiyam. [Calculation of reinforced
concrete structures of the heavy concrete strength, fracture
toughness and deformation]. Moscow: ASV. 2011. 352 р.
13. Bibi E.V., Narayanan R.S. Rukovodstvo dlya proekti-
rovshchikov k Evrokodu2. Proektirovanie zhelezobeton-
nykh konstruktsiy: rukovodstvo dlya proektirovshchikov
k EN 1992-1-1 i EN 1992-1-2. Evrokod2: Proektirovanie
zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy. Obshchie pravila i pravila
dlya zdaniy. Protivopozharnoe proektirovanie stroitel’nykh
konstruktsiy. [Designers` guide to Eurocode2: Design of
concrete structures: designers` guide to 1992-1-1 and
1992-1-2 Eurocode2: Design of concrete structures general
rules and rules for buildlngs and structural fire design].
Moscow: MGSU. 2012. 292 р.
14. Almazov V.O. Proektirovanie zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy
po Evronormam. [Designing of reinforced concrete structures
according to the Eurocodes]. Moscow: ASV. 2011. 216 p.
15. Gadzhiev M.A., Alaeva S.M. Evaluation of the accuracy of
the simplified diagrams of European standards in the study
of the bearing capacity of reinforced concrete columns.
Vestnik Azerbaydzhanskoy inzhenernoy akademii, 2012.
No. 1, pp. 65–79. (In Russian).
16. Walraven J.C. Practiical incorporation of Eurocode 2 into the
process of desing of concrete structures: Actual problems
of the application of the Eurocodes and national standards
in the construction of the Russian Federation and the EU
Papers of International scientific conference. Moscow:
MGSU, 2012. pp. 33–43.
17. Zhuang Zhuo, Zhang Fan, Cen Song. Abaqus Nonlinear
finite element analysis and examples. [M]. Beijing: Science
Press. 2005: pp. 123–139.
18. Zhang Guo-li, SU Jun. Based on Abaqus Nonlinear
analysis of reinforced concrete [J]. Science technology and
engineering. 2008. No. 8 (20): pp. 5620–5624.
19. Roberts G.D, Simplified method to nonlinear analysis
of reinforced concrete in pure flexure. Research Report
in Partial Fulfillment of Req for the Degree of MSc (Eng),
University of Witwatersrand, South Africa. 2014. 110 р. URL:
(дата обращения: 25.10.2016).
, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Territorial Planning of Underground Part of Cities
This work focuses on the issue of recording underground spaces in the land use planning and town planning document systems of the Russian Federation in
order to create the environment that provides conditions for the complex, sustainable development of the territory. The article describes the methodology of
land use planning of underground spaces that is being used in town planning document system, in part of functional zoning of underground spaces in Master
Plans of cities. The author-created typology of underground functional city zones that is based on the generalization of scientific experience of geo-urbanistics
in comparison with adopted practices of land use planning of territory development is presented. The author-created methodology of territory planning that
is described in the article was partially approbated during the actualization of the Master Plan of Moscow conducted presently by the Moscow Committee for
Architecture and Urban Development. The article substantiates the reasonability and presents a graphic example of functional zoning of underground spaces as
one of the most important maps of the Master Plan of city development.
Keywords: town planning, geo-urbanistics, underground space, master plan, functional zoning, territorial planning, Master Plan of Moscow.
For citation: Glozman О.S. Territorial planning of underground part of cities. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 7, pp. 13–16. (In Rus
TSNIIP Minstroya of Russia (29, Vernadskogo Avenue, 119331, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences. (24, bldg. 1, Bolshaya Dmitrovka, 107031, Moscow, Russian Federation)
1. Aleksandr Vysokovskij. Change of landmarks: from town
planning to town planning. Arhitekturnyj vestnik. 2011.
No. 2 (119), pp. 42–47. (In Russian).
2. Baevskij O. A. Three foundations. Innovations in the urban
development of Moscow. Gazeta Soyuza arhitektorov Rossii.
2010. No. 4 (9), pp. 9–11 (In Russian).
3. Chuguevskaya E.S. Improvement of the system of strategic
and spatial planning. Vestnik MGSU. 2016. No. 3, pp. 5–18.
4. Semenova O.S. Theoretical problems planning of urban
underground parts of cities. Architecture And Modern
Information Technologies (AMIT). 2015. No. 1 (30), p. 8.
5. Konyuhov D.S. Systematization of approaches to the
development of the underground space of cities. Vestnik
MGSU. 2010. No. 4, pp. 56–61. (In Russian).
6. Veretejnikov D.V. Arhitekturnoe proektirovanie. Podzemnaya
urbanistika [Architectural design. Underground Urbanistics].
Moscow: Forum, 2015, pp. 52–61.
7. Il’ichev V.A., Golubev G.E., Zamaraev A.V., Skachko A.N.,
Ignatova O.I., Budanov V.G., Korotkova O.N. Rukovodstvo
po kompleksnomu osvoeniyu podzemnogo prostranstva
krupnyh gorodov Rossijskoj Akademiej arhitektury i
stroitel’nyh nauk [Guide to the comprehensive development
of the underground space of large cities by the Russian
Academy of Architecture and Constructions Sciences].
Moscow. GUP «NIAC» Moskomarhitektury. 2004, рp. 54–58
8. Bazilevich M.E., KozyrenkoN.E., Ivanova A.P. The typology
of underground buildings. New ideas of the new century:
materials of the international scientific conference of Pacific
National University. 2011. T. 1, рp. 133–136. (In Russian).
9. Segedinov A.A. Multi-tiered city. Moskovskij rabochij. 1981,
р. 55. (In Russian).
10. Semenova O.S. Methodology of project arrangement zones
in multifunctional public spaces as a part of the transportation
system under specific land use of underground spaces in
major cities. Gradostroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 2 (30), pp. 62–68.
11. Glozman O.S. Underground planning of Moscow.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016.
№ 11, pp. 14–19. (In Russian).
I.L. KIEVSKIY, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), General Director (email@example.com),
V.V. LEONOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
OOO NPTS “Razvitie Goroda” (Structure 3, 19, Mira Avenue, 129090, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Prediction of Physical Wear of Buildings
Methods for determining the increase with time in the percentage of physical wear of residential buildings on the basis of its average values for selected groups of
buildings and specified time intervals are proposed. As initial information for statistic processing, the array of data collected at the Moscow city Bureau of technical
inventory (BTI) is used. To obtain reliable results, calculations are conducted for the groups of buildings with close time of construction beginning from the 1951
year of commissioning. Averaging is made for time intervals of 5 years for buildings, the year of determining the wear percentage of which, is within these intervals.
The results obtained demonstrate a good correlation between the nature of increase in the average percentage of wear and the construction period. For more new
houses the average wear in the current interval of averaging is always less than for houses of earlier construction. An analysis of increasing the wear percentage
for certain groups of residential buildings testifies the non-linear nature of this process due to aging of structures and systems. In general, there is a slowdown in
the rate of wear over time. At this, for each curve corresponding to a specific group of buildings it is possible to select a line graph of approximation the closest
to it. A similar procedure for houses, where the overhaul was made, made it possible to assess the reduction in wear of residential buildings after the overhaul
“transferred” to future years. This value doesn’t show clear correlation with the age of buildings and was close to 20% on average.
Keywords: wear percentage, durability level, construction period, year of determination of wear percentage, overhaul.
For citation: Kievskiy I.L., Leonov V.V. Prediction of physical wear of buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 7, pp. 17–20.
1. Kievskiy L.V. Мultiplicative effects of construction activity.
Naukovedenie: Internet-journal. 2014. No. 3 (22), pp. 104–109.
2. «CITY DEVELOPMENT». Edited by Kievskiy L.V. Moscow:
SvR-ARGUS. 2005. 232 p.
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in Russia. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2000. No. 5, pp. 2–5. (In Russian).
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analysis and system engineering]. Moscow: SvR-ARGUS.
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v stroitel’stve [Bases of the organization and management in
construction]. Moscow: Yurait. 2016. 318 p.
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of construction production]. Moscow: ASV. 2010. 576 p.
8. Levkin S.I., Kievskiy L.V. Town planning aspects of the sectoral
government programs. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe
stroitel’stvo. 2012. No. 6, pp. 26–33. (In Russian).
9. Valui А.А., Kievskiy I.L., Khorkina Zh.A. Five Years of
implementation of the state program of Moscow «Housing»
and plans for 2016–2018. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 44–48. (In Russian).
10. Departmental building codes VSN 53-86 (R) «Rules for
estimating the physical wear of residential buildings». State
Committee for Civil Construction and Architecture under
Gosstroy USSR. Moscow. 1988. (In Russian).
11. Kievskiy L.V. Kompleksnost’ i potok (organizatsiya zastroiki
mikroraiona) [The complexity and the flow (organization
development of the neighborhood)]. Moscow: Stroyizdat.
1987. 136 p.
12. Order of the Mayor of Moscow No. 81/1-RM dated 15.07.1996
«On the procedure for establishing the conversion factor for the
residual value of one square meter of the total and residential
area to their value in comparable prices in 1990». (In Russian).
13. Leonov V.V. Statistics of the housing estate in Moscow.
Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2006. No. 10,
pp. 25–27. (In Russian).
M.V. ZOLOTAREVA, Candidate of Architecture (email@example.com)
Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering
(4, 2-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya Street, 190005, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Neo-Classic Architecture of the 1990s in the Structure of Historical Centre of Veliky Novgorod
The development of Veliky Novgorod has a few historical layers. They are unique monuments of the old-Russian architecture. Famous monuments of the
XVIII – early XIX centuries, which arose on the basis of the planning structure in Catherine’s time. The article considers one more period of development of the
historical part of the city – restoration and reconstruction of the city after the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945. The general line of restoration assumed the
organic combination of new construction with preserved historical monuments. As a result of these works, ensembles of the neo-classic architecture of the 1950s
appeared in the structure of the city. Their space-planning and architectural features have created the unique environment of the central part of Veliky Novgorod.
Keywords: Veliky Novgorod, Soviet architecture, historical planning, monuments of history and culture, neo-classicism, architectural-spatial environment,
architectural-town planning decisions.
For citation: Zolotareva M.V. Neo-сlassic architecture of the 1990s in the structure of historical centre of Veliky Novgorod. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2017. No. 7, pp. 21–26. (In Russian).
1. Kushnir I.I. Town planning of Novgorod in the second half
of XVIII – the first half of the 19th centuries. Novgorodskij
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3. Kushnir I.I. Arhitektura Novgoroda. Iskusstvo. Arhitektura
[Architecture of Novgorod. Art. Architecture]. Leningrad:
Stroyizdat. 1991. 352 p.
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habitual inaccuracy. In “Arhitektor. Gorod. Vremja”. P. 1.
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Veliky Novgorod in borders of Sofiiskoi parts. In “Arhitektor.
Gorod. Vremja”. P. 1. Saint-Peterburg: St. Petersburg Today,
2013, pp. 62–69.
6. Zolotareva M.V., Kel’h G.G. Characteristics of ensemble
historical parts of Veliky Novgorod on the example of Bolshoi
Sankt-Peterburgskoi streets. In “Arhitektor. Gorod. Vremja”.
P. 1. Sankt-Peterburg: St. Petersburg Today, 2013, pp. 74–77.
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at the end of 1940 beginning of the 1950th. Urgent
problems of architecture and construction: materials V of
the International conference. Sankt-Peterburg: SPbGASU.
2013. P. I, pp. 16–20.
8. Smirnov V.G. Istorija Velikogo Novgoroda [History of Veliky
Novgorod]. Moscow: Veche, 2007. 480 p.
I.G. MALKOV, Doctor of Architecture, A.A. PUZEEV, Master, (firstname.lastname@example.org), D.P. KOVALEV, Architect
Belorussian State University of Transport (34, Kirova Street, 246000, Gomel, Republic of Belarus)
Orthodox Churches in Silhouette Composition of Small and Medium Towns of Belarus
Silhouette is the first impression of the settlement in the minds of the audience. The silhouette composition makes it possible to create a memorable, original
look of a specific settlement and the more interesting and brighter it is, the more enthusiastic and positive will be perceived by the person. The city with faceless
silhouette is monotonous and dull. Vertical accents and dominants in the general three-dimensional structure of the city are a necessity for its artistic image. The
article considers the degree of influence of cult, religious facilities on the formation of individual images of silhouette compositions of small urban settlements of
the Republic of Belarus. Main principles of the construction of the contrast of accent elements of visual compositions with the background development have been
revealed. The typology of urban panoramas according to their structures, methods of construction and visual perception is presented.
Keywords: small town, silhouette, panorama, religious architecture.
For citation: Malkov I.G., Puzeev A.A., Kovalev D.P. Orthodox churches in silhouette composition of small and medium towns of Belarus. Zhilishchnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 7, pp. 27–34. (In Russian).
1. Potapov L.S. Siluet Minska [Silhouette of Minsk]. Minsk:
Nauka i tekhnika. 1980. 144 p.
2. Saimonds Dzh.O. Landshaft i arkhitektura: sokrashchennyi
[Landshaft and architecture]. The reduced translation from
the English A.I. Manshavin. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo literatury
po stroitel’stvu, 1965. 193 p.
3. Kopteva G.L. Semantika «poroga» v arkhitekturnoi ritmike
gorodskoi sredy – Kharkovskaya akademiya gorodskogo
hozyaistva. Khar’kov: KhNAMG. 2009. 104 p.
4. Chanturiya Yu.V. Gradostroitel’noe iskusstvo Belarusi
vtoroi poloviny XVI – pervoi poloviny XIX v.: srednevekovoe
nasledie, Renessans, barokko, klassitsizm [Town-planning
art of Belarus of the second half of XVI – the first half of
the 19th century: medieval heritage, Renaissance, baroque,
classicism]. Minsk: Belorusskaya nauka. 2005. 375 p.
5. Aleksander K., Isikava S., Silverstain M. Yazyk shablonov.
Goroda. Zdaniya. Stroitel’stvo [Yazyk of templates. Cities.
Buildings. Construction]. Moscow: Izd-vo Studii Artemiya
Lebedeva. 2014. 1096 p.
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Belarusians in the photos by Isaac Serbau = Baltarusiai Isaco
Serbovo met fotografijose / sklad., aўt. Ustup. Artykula
V.A. Labacheўskaya; redkal. : T.U. Byalova (gal. red.)
[і іnsh.]. Mіnsk: Belarus. Entsykl. іmya P. Broўkі. 2012. 456 р.
7. Bogdanov S.S., Petrov A.N., Sigov V.I. Strategiya sotsial’no-
ekonomicheskogo razvitiya raionnykh tsentrov Rossii
[Strategy of social and economic development rayonknykh
of centers of Russia]. Moscow: Press-servis, 1997. 152 p.
8. Geil Yan. Goroda dlya lyudei [The cities for people]. Moscow:
Al’pina pablisher. 2012. 276 p.
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kompozitsii [City architecture: Esthetic problems of composition].
Moscow: Izdatel’stvo literatury po stroitel’stvu. 1972. 216 p.
10. Lebedev V.V. Zametki o prostranstvennoi i esteticheskoi
sushchnosti arkhitektury [Notes about a spatial and esthetic
entity of architecture]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1994. 256 p.
11. Malye goroda Belarusi: posobie proektirovshchiku /
Ministerstvo arkhitektury i stroitel’stva Respubliki Belarus’,
Nauchno-proektnoe respublikanskoe unitarnoe predpriyatie
«BelNIIPgradostroitel’stva»; [E.N. Klevko i dr.]. Minsk:
Minsktipproekt. 2006. 192 p.
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downtown – functions, structure, an image]. Moscow:
Stroyizdat. 1992. 352 p.
O.S. SUBBOTIN, Doctor of Architecture (email@example.com)
Kuban State Agrarian University (13, Kalinina Street, 350044, Krasnodar, Russian Federation)
Problems of Preservation of Architectural and Urban Planning Heritage in a Modern City
(on the Example of Krasnodar)
The history of architecture and urban planning of the central part of Krasnodar (Ekaterinodar) has been considered – history of streets’ names on which the
main sights, cultural heritage objects, as well as individual buildings, buildings and constructions with historically developed territories are concentrated. There
were ascertained the major problems and tasks in the context of preserving the architectural and urban heritage and there was identified a set of measures
for the preservation of this heritage. Attention is focused on the special role of legislative and other factors in the state protection of historical and cultural
monuments. The main modern methods of preservation of architectural monuments and key concepts corresponding to the present research were analyzed.
There were appeared the issues in preservation, use and popularization of objects of cultural heritage. There were marked the main trends of implementation of
reconstruction works on developed sites.
Keywords: preservation, heritage, development, city, architecture, culture, planning structure, monuments, buildings, composition.
For citation: Subbotin O.S. Problems of preservation of architectural and urban planning heritage in a modern city (on the example of Krasnodar). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 7, pp. 35–40. (In Russian).
1. Subbotin O.S. Features of regeneration of quarters
of historical building. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing
construction]. Part 2. 2012. No. 11, pp. 26–29. (In Russian).
2. Subbotin O.S. Metodologiya of research of architectural and
town-planning development of Kuban. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo
[Housing construction]. 2014. No. 8, pp. 29–34. (In Russian).
3. Gradostroitel’stvo i territorial’noe planirovanie v novoi Rossii
[Urban planning and territorial planning in the new Russia: a
collection of articles]. Saint Petersburg: Architect, 2016. P. 1.
4. Subbotin O.S. Architectural and historical images of the streets
of Krasnodar. Regional architectural and art schools: materials
of the International Scientific and Practical Conference, February
5–7, 2013, Novosibirsk. Eed. V.V. Molodin, E.N. Likhachev.
Novosibirsk: Novosibirskaya gosudarstvennaya arkhitekturno-
khudogestvennaya akademiya. 2013. 380 p. (In Russian).
5. Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Krasnodarskogo kraya. [State
Archives of the Krasnodar Territory]. F.252, op. 2, d. 2173.
6. Shakhova G.S. Ulitsy Krasnodara rasskazyvayut. V
Karasunskom kute [The street of Krasnodar is told. In the
Karasun Kut]. Krasnodar: Krasnodar Publishing and Printing
Complex. 2007. 196 p.
7. Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Krasnodarskogo kraya [State
Archives of the Krasnodar Territory]. P. 1547, op. 1, d. 31,
8. Solovyov V.A. Ekaterinodarskaya krepost’ [Ekaterinodar
fortress]. Krasnodar: Sovetskaya Kuban’. 1995. 32 p.
9. Dva veka goroda v datakh, sobytiyakh, vospominaniyakh...:
materialy k Letopisi [Ekaterinodar-Krasnodar: Two centuries
of the city in dates, events, memories: ... materials to the
Annals]. Krasnodar: Book publishing house. 1993. 800 p.
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11. Schenkov A.S. Rekonstruktsiya istoricheskoi zastroiki
v Evrope vo vtoroi polovine XX veka: Istoriko-kul’turnye
problemy [Reconstruction of historical buildings in Europe in
the second half of the 20th century: Historical and cultural
problems]. Moscow: LENAND. 2011. 280 p.
12. Subbotin OS Conceptual features of the general plans of the
city of Krasnodar. Vestnik MGSU. 2011. No. 6, pp. 640–644.
, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Corresponding Member of RAACS; E.O. TROSHKOV
, Master (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Comparison of Computer Simulation and Experimental Studies of Socket Joints
of Precast Reinforced Concrete Columns with Floor Slabs
Results of the study of the stress-strain state (SSS) of socket joints of floor slabs with the columns in precast reinforced concrete frames of buildings, the study of
which the authors initiated in connection with the introduction of a new bearing system “UIKSS”, are presented. Main results of the computer simulation of SSS,
which was conducted at models of a joint of various sized with variation of a large number of factors, and physical experiments with models, which are physically
and geometrically similar to the full-scale ones, are described. Comparison of the results of numerical and experimental studies showed sufficient convergence.
The data for development of methods for calculating the strength and deformability of socket joints of slabs with columns have been obtained.
Keywords: socket joint, precast reinforced concrete frame, beamless floors, experimental research, numerical studies.
For citation: Sokolov B.S., Troshkov E.O. Comparison of computer simulation and experimental studies of socket joints of precast reinforced concrete columns
with floor slabs. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 7, pp. 41–46. (In Russian).
AO «Kazan GIPRONIIAVIAPROM» (1, Dementieva Street, Kazan, 420127, Russian Federation)
Volga State University of Technology (3, Lenin Square, Yoshkar-Ola, 424000, Mari El Republic, Russian Federation)
1. Sokolov B.S., Latypov R.R. Prochnost’ i podatlivost’
shtepsel’nykh stykov zhelezobetonnykh kolonn pri deistvii
staticheskikh i seismicheskikh nagruzok [Strength and
compliance of the plug joints of reinforced concrete columns
under the action of static and seismic loads]. Moscow: ASV.
2010. 128 p.
2. Sokolov B.S., Lizunova N.S. Experimental-theoretical
method for estimating the shear compliance of plug-and-
socket joints of reinforced concrete columns. Izvestiya
KGASU. 2014. No. 1 (27), pp. 119–124. (In Russian).
3. Sokolov B.S. New constructive solutions of the elements of the
carrier system «UIKSS». Vestnik Volzhskogo regional’nogo
otdeleniya RAASN. 2016. No. 19, pp. 181–184. (In Russian).
4. Sokolov B.S., Fabrichnaya K.A. Application of the frame
system of UIKS in the reconstruction of buildings. Vestnik
grazhdanskikh inzhenerov. 2015. No. 6 (53), pp. 45–51.
5. Geniev G.A., Kissyuk V.N., Tyupin G.A. Teoriya plastichnosti
betona i zhelezobetona [Theory of plasticity of concrete and
reinforced concrete]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1974. 316 p.
6. Rzhanitsyn A.R. Sostavnye sterzhni i plastinki [Composite
rods and plates]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1986. 316 p.
7. Troshkov E.O., Sokolov B.S. Computer simulation of
stress – strain state of the second type of concrete column
bullet connections. New in architecture, design of building
structures and reconstruction: materials of VIII All-Russian
(II International) conference. Cheboksary. 2014, pp. 206–212.
8. Sokolov B.S. Teoriya silovogo soprotivleniya anizotropnykh
materialov szhatiyu i ee prakticheskoe primenenie:
monografiya [Theory of force resistance of anisotropic
materials compression and its practical application:
monograph]. Moscow: ASV. 2011. 160 p.
9. Troshkov E.O., Sokolov B.S., Pozdeev V.M. Experimental
studies of type-II plug joints on compression with random
eccentricity. Modern calculation problems of reinforced
concrete structures exposed of accidental impacts. Moscow.
2016, pp. 394–398. (In Russian).
10. Troshkov E.O., Sokolov B.S. Experimental studies of the
second type of socket joints under the action of eccentric
compression. New in architecture, design of building struc-
tures and reconstruction: materials of the III International
(IX All-Russian) conference. Cheboksary. 2016, pp. 151–157.
11. Troshkov E.O. Experimental studies of the second type of
socket joints under the action of horizontal shear loads.
Durability, strength and mechanics of destruction of concrete,
reinforced concrete and other building materials: Sat.
Reports of IX Academic readings of RAASN – International
scientific conference. Saint Petersburg. 2016, pp. 85–90.
PLASTFOIL® in Reconstruction of Roofs of Housing and Communal Services
I.I. AKULOVA, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), G.S. SLAVCHEVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Voronezh State Technical University (84, 20-Letiya Oktyabrya Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)
Assessment of Competitiveness of Building Materials and Products:
Justification and Approbation of Methods on the Example of Cements
Methods for the assessment of the competitiveness of building materials, products, and designs from various manufacturers based on the comparison of
consumer properties of competing products and their relative prices are proposed. The method is being implemented in three steps: 1) definition of the list of
consumer and economic properties, evaluation of their significance for the consumer; 2) calculation of a single indicator of competitiveness for each property
and product; 3) calculation of indices and relative indicators of competitiveness of competing products. An abstract product with the best values of consumer
properties among all products of various manufacturers included in the consideration base is recommended to use as a standard one. Results of the evaluation
of competitiveness of Portland cement produced by different manufacturers are presented. As a result of the evaluation of calculations conducted, the Portland
cement with the best combination of the price and quality has been defined.
Keywords: competitiveness of building materials, estimation technique, consumer properties.
For citation: Akulova I.I., Slavcheva G.S. Assessment of competitiveness of building materials and products: justification and approbation of methods on the
example of cements. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 7, pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
1. Belousova D.S. The concept and essence of competitiveness.
Factors affecting competitiveness. Fundamental’nye i
prikladnye issledovaniya v sovremennom mire. 2016.
No. 15–2, pp. 72–76. (In Russian).
2. Sharnina N.M. The essence of the concept of «competitive-
ness». Ekonomika sel’skokhozyaistvennykh i pererabatyvayu-
shchikh predpriyatii. 2014. No. 3, pp. 21–22. (In Russian).
3. Isaev A.A., Garusova L.N. Competitiveness of products as the
main factor of competitiveness of entrepreneurial structures: problems of theory. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo. 2013.
No. 1 (30), pp. 271–273. (In Russian).
4. Voronov D.S. Correlation of enterprise competitiveness
and competitiveness of its products. Sovremennaya konku-
rentsiya. 2015. Vol. 9. No. 1 (49), pp. 39–53. (In Russian).
5. Akulova I.I. Factors of competitiveness of the building
materials industry. Scientific research, nanosystems and
resource-saving technologies in the construction industry:
Reports of the International Scientific-practical conference
(XVIII scientific readings). Belgorod. 2007, pp. 15–19.
6. Bogdalova E.V., Urazalieva A.G. Features of an estimation
of competitiveness of the enterprises of building branch.
Perspektivy razvitiya stroitel’nogo kompleksa. 2014. Vol. 1,
pp. 120–127. (In Russian).
7. Dubinina N.A. Comparative characteristics of methods
of analysis and evaluation of product competitiveness.
Vestnik Astrakhanskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo
universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika. 2013. No. 2, pp. 52–61.
8. Makarova L.V., Tarasov R.V., Rezevich K.S. Assessment of
the competitiveness of construction products. Sovremennye
problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. 2015. No. 1–1, pp. 17.
9. Akulova I.I., Dudina N.A., Baranov E.V. Methods and results
of the assessment of the competitiveness of heat-insulating
materials used in housing construction. Economy. Theory
and practice: Materials of the international scientific-practical
conference. Saratov. 2014, pp. 32–37. (In Russian).
10. Akulova I.I., Shchukina T.V., Antipov S.A. Individual heat
generating plants: opportunities and competitiveness.
Santekhnika, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie. 2016. No. 5
(173), pp. 36–38. (In Russian).