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Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №3

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A.A. MAGAY, Honored Architect, Director for research (magay_1@mail.ru) AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha» – institute for complex design of residential and public buildings» (AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha») (9/3, Dmitrovskoe Highway, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation)

A Promising Technique for Development of Large-Panel Residential and Public Buildings The article is devoted to new promising developments of AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha» in the field of design of frame-panel residential and public buildings. Floor- section design procedure providing the possibility to use a free, flexible and variant layout of flats with due regard for modern and prospective requirement for housing is covered.

Keywords: frame-panel buildings, free, flexible and variant layouts of flats.

For citation: Magay A.A. A Promising technique for development of large-panel residential and public buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construc- tion]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).

References
1. Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V. Large-Panel Residential Buildings with a Broad Step of Bearing Structures, Ensuring the Free Layout of Apartments From large-panel housing construction of XX to system of panel and frame housing construction XXI. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 21–24. (In Russian).
2. Ostretsov V.M., Magay A.A., Voznyuk A.B. , Gorelkin A.N. Flexible System of Panel Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 8, pp. 8–11. (In Russian).
3. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
4. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Etenko V.P. Panel and frame housing construction – a new stage of development of efficiency. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
5. Dubynin N.V. From large-panel housing construction of XX to system of panel and frame housing construction XXI. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 10, pp. 12–27. (In Russian).
6. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. The line of bezopalubochny formation – efficiency plant with flexible technology. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 4,
7. Melnikova I.B. New means of expressiveness of multystoried multisection residential buildings. Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2015. No. 20, pp. 86–89. (In Russian).
8. Baranova L.N. Development of industrial housing construction and the industry of construction materials in various regions of Russia. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii estestvennykh nauk. 2013. No. 3, pp. 61–63. (In Russian).
9. Usmanov Sh.I. Formation of economic strategy of development of industrial housing construction in Russia. Politika, gosudarstvo i pravo. 2015. No. 1 (37), pp. 76–79. (In Russian).
10. Antipov D.N. Strategy of development of the enterprises of industrial housing construction. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2012. No. 1, pp. 267–270. (In Russian).
11. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Khayutin Yu.G. Innovative systems of frame and panel housing construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 3–5. (In Russian).
12. Yumasheva E.I., Sapacheva L.V. House-building industry and social order of time. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2014. No. 10, pp. 3–11. (In Russian).
Colleagues, friends sincerely congratulate Stanislav Vasilyevich Nikolaev with the anniversary wish good health, well-being And further creative successes
A.N. KORSHUNOV, Deputy General Director for research (papadima53@yandex.ru) AO «Kazan GIPRONIIAVIAPROM» (1, Dementieva Street, Kazan, 420127, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)

Design «Universal System of Large-Panel Housing Construction» in Business Chain: Developer – Designer – Large-Panel Prefabrication Plant A project block of large-panel housing construction and its connection with a developer and factory production of precast units is considered. It is proposed to use the universal system of large-panel housing construction in a narrow step as a base system both for large-panel prefabrication plants with flexible technology and large-panel prefabrication plants with rigid technology. The system has multi-variant layouts of apartments with various combination in the basic design of the block-section as well as a modular principle of design of new block-sections on the basis of the existing ones, a mechanism of conversion of the base block- section from a narrow step to a wide one, in variant without preliminary pre-stressing. An advantage of the project system when developing different areas with its application is shown; main and additional factors of the system which increase the profit of the developer are also shown.

Keywords: developer, development of different land plots, profit from sale of apartments, universal system of large-panel housing construction, base block- section, function of increasing or decreasing the length of rooms, function of increasing the width of rooms, free lay-outs, modular principle of design of block- sections, flexible factory technology, reducing of labor costs and volumes of project works.

For citation: Korshunov A.N. Design «Universal system of large-panel housing construction» in business chain: developer – designer – large-panel prefabrica- tion plant. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 10–16. (In Russian).
V.P. BLAZHKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (ihtias46@mail.ru) AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha – institute for complex design of residential and public buildings» (AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha») (9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)

About Determination of Ductility of Connections When Forming Calculation Models of Panel Buildings When an analysis of stress-strain state of large-panel buildings is required, finite element models (FE models) are formed from the set of panels, floor slabs, elements of a staircase and elevator section which are connected by discrete connections. As connections, finite elements of a rod type with values of rigidity set along the direction of global axes are used more often. This article considers vertical precast-monolithic joints between wall panels. Certain aspects of the formation of calculation models of the finite element method with regard to panel buildings as well as problems of determination of shear rigidity of connections between panels in vertical joints are presented. It is shown that the underestimation of rigidity of connection of panels in the vertical joint, when calculating dynamic impacts, leads to significant distortion of calculation results, at that not in reserve of strength.

Keywords: pre-cast housing construction, design of panel buildings, stress-strain state of building, formation of calculation schemes, finite elements of rod type, shear rigidity of connections in vertical joints.

For citation: Blazhko V.P. About determination of ductility of connections when forming calculation models of panel buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Hous- ing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 17–21. (In Russian).

References
1. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Khayutin Yu.G. Innovative systems of frame and panel housing construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 3–5. (In Russian).
2. Yarmakovskii V.N. Energy-resources-saving under manu- facturing at the elements of structural-technological building systems, their rising and exploitation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 1–3. (In Russian).
3. Shapiro G.I., Yuryev R.V. To a question of creation of settlement model of the panel built building. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2004. No. 12, pp. 32–33. (In Russian).
4. Blazhko V.P. A About Using Multi-hollow Slabs of Off- Shuttering Moulding in Panel and Frame Buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 10, pp. 7–10. (In Russian).
5. Blazhko V.P. A Fastener for Connection of Structural Elements of a Panel Building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’- stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 1–2, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
6. Danel’ V.V. Zhyostkosti of joints of ferroconcrete elements, peresekayemykharmaturny cores, at stretching and shift. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya. 2014. No. 6 (56), pp. 25–29. (In Russian).
7. Danel’ V.V. Solution of the problem of vertical joints of external wall panels. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2014. No. 3, pp. 44–45. (In Russian).
8. Danel’ V.V., Kuzmenko I.N. Determination of rigidity at compression of platform and platform and monolithic joints of large-panel buildings. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzhenii. 2010. No. 2, pp. 7–13. (In Russian).
9. Jens G. Geffert. Anchoring of large size concrete precast facades. Concrete Plant International. 2006. No. 1, рр. 176–189.
10. Volker Herrnkind. Fassaden aus Betonfertigteilen. BetonWerk International. 2010. No. 3, рр. 164–169.
11. Danel’ V.V. The 3D parameters – the cores modeling joints in the konechnoelementnykh models. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 22–27. (In Russian).
L.M. KOLCHEDANTSEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), S.V. SHCHERBAKOV, Engineer(svshch29@mail.ru) Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (4, 2-nd Krasnoarmeiskaya Street, 190005, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)

Laboriousness of Welding Works in Panel House Building The laboriousness of welding works when constructing the super-structure of the building is considered on the example of a large-panel building. What part of laboriousness of construction of the above-ground part of the building is the laboriousness of welding works is considered. Connections of pre-cast elements, which are used when designing the panel house building, are shown. An example of the butt-welded joint of floor slabs of the building considered is presented. Consumptions of labour and machine time for constructing the super-structure of the panel building were calculated. The laboriousness of welding works and its percentage of the laboriousness of construction of the super-structure of the building were also calculated. An alternative to welding works for creating connections between panels is proposed – monolit by concrete reinforcing loopback releases.

Keywords: construction, energy saving, joints of floor slabs, laboriousness, electric welder, welding works, panel house building, welded joints, consumptions of labour and machine time, loop rebars, stability of building.

For citation: Kolchedantsev L.M., Shcherbakov S.V. Laboriousness of welding works in panel house building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construc- tion]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 22–24. (In Russian).

References
1. Shembakov V.A. Technology of Precast and Cast-in-Situ Housing Construction SMK in Mass Construction of Russia and Country-Members of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construc- tion]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 26–29. (In Russian).
2. Shmelev S.E. Myths and Truth about Monolithic and Precast Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 40–42. (In Russian).
3. Morgun V.N., Bogatina A.Yu., Morgun L.V., Smirnova P.V. Achievements and Problems of Modern Large-panel Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 41–45. (In Russian).
4. Kireeva E.I. Large Panel Buildings with Clasp Joints of Structures. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 9, pp. 47–51. (In Russian).
5. Danel V.V. Method for Increasing the Bearing Capacity of External Three-Layer Wall Panels. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 12, pp. 2–5. (In Russian).
6. Maslyaev A.V. Features of Construction of Large-Panel Buildings in Earthquake-Prone Regions. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 64–68. (In Russian).
7. Kolchedantsev L.M., Roshchupkin N.P. Economy-Class Housing: Prefabricated, Monolithic or Precast and Cast- in-Situ? Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 6, pp. 24–25. (In Russian).
8. Kolchedantsev L.M., Osipenkova I.G. Features of organizational and technological decisions at construction of high-rise buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 10, pp. 17–19. (In Russian).
9. Kolchedantsev L.M., Volkov S.V., Drozdov A.D. The organization of a building site for construction of high- rise buildings at placement of priobjektny concrete knot. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 27–29. (In Russian).
10. Volkov S.V., Shvedov V.N. Influence of organizational and techno-logical decisions on a level of quality of construction and safety of the built buildings. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Stroitel’’stvo. 2014. No. 2, pp. 32–39. (In Russian).
11. Volkov S.V., Shvedov V.N. Justification of a way of warming up and keeping of concrete at construction of high-rise buildings in the conditions of low temperatures. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 9–10, pp. 29–38. (In Russian).
12. Volkov S.V., Volkova L.V. Technical and economic assessment of organizational and technological schemes of building of inhabited objects on market indicators. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov. 2014. No. 1, pp. 66–73. (In Russian).
Markučiai Co. is the largest producer of products and structures of pre-cast reinforced concrete in Lithuania. In addition, the company provides customers with consulting, design, manufacture, supply and installation. In 2015, the company celebrated its 60-year jubilee and gathered its clients from Scandinavia and Eastern European countries. Markučiai Co. has a rich experience in realization of the technical-economic analyses that’s why it advises its clients on the problems of selecting the most optimal structural solutions in the course of the whole process. And it means that the company is ready to submit all necessary information and services beginning from the development of the concept of a building and ending with construction management.
The use of textural polyurethane matrixes is one of the methods for achieving the architectural expression of precast reinforced concrete buildings. At present, European companies are main suppliers of matrixes. During last few years, Russia begins to establish its own production. While maintaining the technical and operational characteristics, Russian manufacturers provide more attractive cost parameters than Western manufacturers. The speed of the delivery of matrixes is significantly higher, because there is no need to wait for products from abroad. One of these suppliers is ZAO “PATRIOT-Engineering”.
O.D. SAMARIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (samarin-oleg@mail.ru); K.I. LUSHIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)

Dependence of the Temperature in Bordering on the Glazing to the Window Slope from Window Position Peculiarities of designing two-dimensional stationary temperature field in the structure of the site abutting window units to the aperture of residential buildings are considered. Results of calculation of temperature in hazardous adjunction points for the design winter conditions with the help of software that implements the finite element method are presented. The analysis of the obtained data is shown and advanced physical explanation of the behavior of minimum temperatures in the zone of adjacency of the fill of the lighting aperture is proposed if you move the window block in the cross section of the outer wall from the outer surface to the side of the room. Recommendations on the optimal placement of fill for the best sanitary-hygienic requirements for outdoor enclosures in accordance with SP 50.13330.2012 are offered. The presentation is illustrated with examples of temperature fields for the node of adjunction in a residential building on one of the modern projects.

Keywords: window unit, slope, thermal non-uniformity, temperature field, dew point.

For citation: Samarin O.D., Lushin K.I. Dependence of the temperature in bordering on the glazing to the window slope from window position. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).

References
1. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Theoretical reasons for calculation of reduced thermal resistance of building enclosures. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2010. No. 12, pp. 4–12. (In Russian).
2. Gagarin V.G., Dmitriev K.A. Account of thermal non- uniformities during estimation of thermal performance of building enclosures in Russia and European countries. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 14–16. (In Russian).
3. Samarin O.D. Teplofizika. Energosberezheniye. Energo- effektivnost’ [Thermal physics. Energy saving. Energy efficiency]. Moscow: ASV, 2014. 296 p. (In Russian).
4. Samarin O.D. Calculation of temperature in the internal surface of the external corner of a building with modern level of thermal protection. Izvaetiya vuzov. Stroitel’stvo. 2005. No. 8, pp. 52–56. (In Russian).
5. Krivoshein A.D. K voprosu o proektirovanii teplovoy zashityi svetoprozrachnyikh I neprozrachnyikh konstruktsiy [On the question of design of thermal protection of translucent and opaque constructions]. [electronic resource] http://odf. ru/k-voprosu-o-proektirovanii-tep-article_579.html (date of treatment: 28.02.2016). (In Russian).
6. Verkhovsky A.A., Nanasov I.I., Yelizarova E.V., Galtsev D.I., Shcheredin V.V. A new approach to the estimation of energy efficiency of transparent constructions. Svetoprozrachnye konstruktsii. 2012. No. 1 (81), pp. 10–15. (In Russian).
7. Brunner G. Heat transfer. Supercritical fluid science and technology. 2014. Vol. 5, рр. 228–263.
8. Horikiri K., Yao Y., Yao J. Modelling conjugate flow and heat transfer in a ventilated room for indor thermal comfort assessment. Building and Environment. 2014. Vol. 77, рр. 135–147.
9. Tae Sup Yun, Yeon Jong Jeong, Tong-Seok Han, Kwang-Soo Youm. Evaluation of thermal conductivity for thermally insulated concretes. Energy and Buildings. 2013. Vol. 61, рр. 125–132
V.V. BAKRYSHEVA, Engineer (lera.bakrysheva@gmail.com) Saint-Peterburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (4, 2nd Krasnoarmeiskaya Street, 190005, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)

Calculation Analysis of Operation of a Large-Panel Building with Due Regard for Unevenness of Settlements: Procedure and Calculation Example Features of the design of large-panel buildings undergoing differential settlements are considered. An approach to the design, the basis of which is a spatial simulation of a building as a whole with due regard for operation of panel joints in all directions, is proposed. At that, a panel joint is calculated for the impact of six componental forces and displacements that makes it possible to determine the limit state of structures when the building and its foundation interact. Implementation of the proposed approach makes it possible to obtain an instrument for the calculated evaluation of permissible values of uneven settlement deformations of the building. The proposed approach is implemented on the example of the design analysis of the real panel building with platform joints built in St. Petersburg which, according to the data of long field observations during the period of construction and operation, collected the unevenness of settlements more than 400 mm.

Keywords: large-panel building, platform joint, spatial calculation, numerical simulation, uneven settlements, interaction of building and base.

For citation: Bakrysheva V.V. Calculation analysis of operation of a large-panel building with due regard for unevenness of settlements: procedure and calcu- lation example. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 34–40. (In Russian).

References
1. Usman
ov Sh.I. Formation of economic strategy of development of industrial housing construction in Russia. Politika, gosudarstvo i pravo. 2015. No. 1 (37), pp. 76–79. (In Russian).
2. Antipov D.N. Strategy of development of the enterprises of industrial housing construction. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2012. No. 1, pp. 267–270. (In Russian).
3. Dubynin N.V. From large-panel housing construction of XX to system of panel and frame housing construction XXI. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 10, pp. 12–27. (In Russian).
4. Vasenin V.A. Development assessment a deposit of historical building of St. Petersburg by results of observations since the end of the 19th century. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2013. No. 4, рр. 2–7. (In Russian).
5. Vasenin V.A. Development of a geographic information system according to long a deposit of buildings of the historic center of St. Petersburg. Inzhenernye izyskaniya. 2016. No. 10–11, рр. 62–69. (In Russian).
6. Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V. Large-Panel Residential Buildings with a Broad Step of Bearing Structures, Ensuring the Free Layout of Apartments From large-panel housing construction of XX to system of panel and frame housing construction XXI. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 21–24. (In Russian).
7. Ostretsov V.M., Magay A.A., Voznyuk A.B. , Gorelkin A.N. Flexible System of Panel Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 8, pp. 8–11. (In Russian).
8. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
9. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Etenko V.P. Panel and frame housing construction – a new stage of development of efficiency. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
10. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Khayutin Yu.G. Innovative systems of frame and panel housing construction. Zhilishch- noe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 3–5. (In Russian).
11. Ulitsky V.M., Shashkin A.G., Shashkin K.G. Geotekhni- cheskoe soprovozhdenie razvitiya gorodov [Geotechnical maintenance of development of the cities]. St. Petersburg: Georekonstruktsiya. 2010. 551 p.
12. Klovanich of Page F. Metod konechnykh elementov v nelineinykh rabotakh inzhenernoi mekhaniki [A method of final elements in nonlinear works of engineering mechanics]. Zaporozh’e, 2009. 176 p.
13. Karpenko N.I. Teoriya deformirovaniya zhelezobetona s treshchinami [The theory of deformation of reinforced concrete with cracks]. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1976. 205 p
R.Yu. VODOPIANOV, Chief Engineer(support@rflira.ru) OOO «Lira service» (7, Plekhanova Street, 111141, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Simulation and Computation of Large-Panel Buildings in PC LIRA-SAPR 2017 Panel housing construction is experiencing a rebirth. It is evident both in the growing volumes of construction, and the emergence of new space-planning and constructive solutions in the field of large-panel housing construction. For conducting strength calculations, suitable multi-functional instruments (program complexes) which make it possible to take into account the features of such structures are required. That’s why in PC LIRA SAPR 2017, a special instrument for efficient simulation and computation of joints of large-panel buildings appeared. A special class of information objects – “joint of panels”, which makes it possible to significantly simplify and automate the process of the simulation of joints of large panel buildings with subsequent triangulation and obtaining of the finite- element calculation scheme has been developed. New types of plate elements have appeared in the library of finite elements for simulating the horizontal joints of panels in linear and physically non-linear formulations. Non-linear effects of such joints are taken into account both in the simplified formulation with iterative refinement of the joint rigidity and with the use of the step-by-step method which makes it possible to bring the structure to fracture, that is makes it possible to simulate such effects as propagating destruction.

Keywords: Lira service, PC LIRA-SAPR, automation of design, SAPR, desing software complexes, numerical simulation, MKE, strength calculation, large- panel buildings, simulation of joints of panel buildings, platform joint, physical non-linearity.

For citation: Vodopianov R.Yu. Simulation and computation of large-panel buildings in PC LIRA-SAPR 2017. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 42–48. (In Russian).

References
. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Etenko V.P. Panel and frame housing construction – a new stage of development of efficiency. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
2. Baranova L.N. Development of industrial housing construction and the industry of construction materials in various regions of Russia. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii estestvennykh nauk. 2013. No. 3, pp. 61–63. (In Russian).
3. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. The line of bezopalubochny formation – efficiency plant with flexible technology. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 22–26. (In Russian).
4. Yumasheva E.I., Sapacheva L.V. House-building industry and social order of time. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2014. No. 10, pp. 3–11. (In Russian).
5. Yarmakovskii V.N. Energy-resources-saving under manu- facturing at the elements of structural-technological building systems, their rising and exploitation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
6. Yarmakovsky V.N., Pustovgar A.P. The scientific basis for the creation of a composite binders class characterized of the low heat conductivity and low sorp-tion activity of cement stone. Procedia Engineering. 2015. No. 5, рр. 12–17. (In English).
7. Маgаy A.A., Dubynin N.V. Large-panel houses with a wide step of the bearing designs providing free planning of apartments. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construc- tion]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 21–24. (In Russian).
8. Shapiro G.I., Gasanov A.A. Yuryev R.V. Calculation of buildings and constructions in MNIITEP. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2007. No. 6, pp. 35–37. (In Russian).
9. Shapiro G. I., Yuryev R. V. To a question of creation of settlement model of the panel built building. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2004. No. 12, pp. 32–33. (In Russian). ments of a Panel Building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
10. Blazhko V.P. A Fastener for Connection of Structural Ele- Construction]. 2014. No. 1–2, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
11. Danel’ V. V. Zhyostkosti of joints of ferroconcrete elements, peresekayemykharmaturny cores, at stretching and shift. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya. 2014. No. 6 (56), pp. 25–29. (In Russian).
12. Danel’ V.V. Solution of the problem of vertical joints of external wall panels. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2014. No. 3, pp. 44–45. (In Russian).
13. Danel’ V.V., Kuzmenko I.N. Determination of rigidity at compression of platform and platform and monolithic joints of large-panel buildings. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzhenii. 2010. No. 2, pp. 7–13. (In Russian).
14. Danel’ V.V. The 3D-parameters – the cores modeling joints in the konechnoelementnykh models. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 22–27. (In Russian).
15. Chentemirov G.M., Granovsky A.V. To calculation of platform joints at the COMPUTER. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzhenii. 1981. No. 2, pp. 59–61.
16. Shapiro G.I., Gasanov A.A. The numerical solution of a problem of stability of the panel building against the progressing collapse. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2016. Vol. 12. Issue 2, pp. 158–166. 17. Zenin S.A., Sharipov R.Sh., Kudinov O.V., Shapiro G.I., Gasanov A.A. Calculations of large-panel buildings on stability against the progressing collapse by methods of extreme balance and a final element. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 4, pp. 109–113. 18. Medvedenko D., Vodopyanov R. Gold strings of LIRY-SAPR. SAPR i grafika. 2013. No. 2 (196), рр. 10–18. (In Russian).
During seven years, Allbau Software GmbH Co. (Germany), the developer of BIM technologies for precast reinforced concrete structures factories is a partner of the International Scientific-Practical Conference «InterConPan: from LPC to Frame-Panel Housing Construction». Publications about the use of AllPLAN – BIM products by Russian building companies constantly appear in the «Housing Construction» Journal. The editorial board and our readers are interested in the opinion of direct users of this product, so we invited Andrey Alekseevich Burovkin, head of the design group of AO «GVSU» Center» Holding Company to express his opinion about the use of AllPLAN – BIM. For several years the specialists of AO «GVSU» Center» Holding Company take an active part in the «InterConPan» Conference.
A.N. PLOTNIKOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), (plotnikovAN2010@yandex.ru); N.A. GAFIYATULIN2, Head of Design-Technological Department; P.A. VASILIEV1, Undergraduate
1 Chuvash State University Named After I. N. Ulyanov (5, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, 428015, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)
2 DSK OOO «SUOR» (73 Promyshlennaya Street, Novocheboksarsk, 429950, Russian Federation)

Bearing Capacities of External Wall Panels Made of Structural Haydite Concrete with Steel and Composite Reinforcement With due regard for accepted plane stress state, the article presents the test results of three-layer external wall panels of a large-panel building with bearing layers made of structural haydite concrete with steel and composite reinforcement. Testing methods with separate loading of lintel and partition parts were adopted on the basis of finite element calculation. Bearing capacity of panels with the use of steel and glass-reinforced plastic reinforcement is compared. The character of deformations is graphically presented. The bearing capacity of panels is assessed according to the limit compression strains of concrete, deflections and the crack width of the lintel part.

Keywords: haydite concrete, wall panel, reinforcement, steel, glass-reinforced plastic, tests, strength, strains, application.

For citation: Plotnikov A.N., Gafiyatulin O.N., Vasilyev P.A. Bearing capacities of external wall panels made of structural haydite concrete with steel and com- posite reinforcement. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 52–57. (In Russian).

References
1. Nedoseko I.V., Babkov V.V., Aliyev R.R., Kuzmin V.V. Application constructional and heat-insulating ке a ramzitobetona at construction and reconstruction of a zd of niya of construction engineering appointment. Izvestija Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. 2010. No. 1, pp. 325–330. (In Russian).
2. Nedoseko I.V., Pudovkin A.N., Kuzmin V.V., Aliyev R.R. Keramzitobeton in construction engineering construction of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Problems and prospects. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction], 2015. No. 4, pp. 16–21. (In Russian).
3. Vytchikov Yu.S., Dementieva A.A., Gorin V.M. Heatphysical calculation of the three-layer keramzitobetonny wall panel. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials], 2012. No. 11, pp. 82–83. (In Russian).
4. Dovgaluk V.I., Katz G.L. Konstrukcii iz legkih betonov dlja mnogojetazhnyh karkasnyh zdanij [Construction of lightweight concrete multi-storey frame buildings]. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1984. 223 p.
5. Frolov N.P. Stekloplastikovaja armatura i stekloplastbetonnye konstrukcii [Fiberglass accessories and fiberglass-concrete design]. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1980. 104 p.
6. Sokolov B.S. Improving the methods of calculation and design of the wall panels of large buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction], 2011. No. 6, pp. 26–30. (In Russian).
7. Krylov S.B. Calculation of wall panels. Beton i zhelezobeton. 2009. No. 5, pp. 18–23. (In Russian).
8. Danel V.V. A method for increasing the bearing capacity of the external three-layer wall panels. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction], 2013. No. 12, pp. 2–5. (In Russian).
9. Vasilyev P.A., Marozaite . I.R. Application keramsit-concrete for bearing thin-walled elements of large buildings. Construction – formation of living environment [electronic resource]: proceedings of the XIX International interuniversity scientific-practical conference of students, undergraduates, graduate students and young scientists (April 27–29, 2016, Moscow). Moscow: NIU MGSU, 2016, рp. 243–248.
10. Marozaite . I.R., Vasilyev P.A., Plotnikov A.N. Application keramsit-concrete for bearing thin-walled elements of panel buildings. Engineering staff – the future of innovative economy in Russia: Proceedings of Student Conference (Yoshkar- Ola, 23–28 November 2015) at 8 am Part 5: Innovations in construction, environmental engineering and technosphere safety. Joshkar-Ola: Povolzhskij gosudarstvennyj tehnolo- gicheskij universitet, 2015, рp. 123–124. (In Russian).
11. Plotnikov A.N., Vasiliev P.A. Comparative test of three-layer outer wall panels of expanded clay with steel and composite reinforcement. New in architecture, design construction and renovation: Proceedings of the IX All-Russia (III International) Conference (NADCR – 2016). The Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, 2016, рp. 124–132. (In Russian).
S.V. SERGEEV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (sergey.sergeev.v@mail.ru), N.S. SOKOLOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (ns_sokolov@mail.ru); E.D. VOROBIEV2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (vorobev@bsu.edu.ru)
1 Chuvash State University Named After I. N. Ulyanov (5, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, 428015, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)
2 Belgorod State National Research University (85, Pobedy Street, Belgorod, 308015, Russian Federation)

Field Observations over Construction of a Precast-Monolithic Building with «Girderless» Frame One of the priorities of the national policy of the Russian Federation is to ensure the safety and reliability of buildings and structures that serve as living environment. In this regard, it is necessary to perform the geotechnical monitoring when constructing and reconstructing buildings and structures under complex engineering-geological conditions as well as for operated buildings and structures within the area of influence of new construction under conditions of the existing development. The main objective of monitoring is the timely identification of unacceptable deviations in newly built or reconstructed buildings and structures as well as in existing objects located in the areas of influence of new construction and their bases from design values. According to the results obtained, measures for preventing or eliminating negative consequences are developed.

Keywords: safety, reliability, karst, suffusion, deformation, “girderless” frame, deformometer, bored-injection pile.

For citation: Sergeev S.V., Sokolov N.S., Vorobiev E.D. Field observations over construction of a precast-monolithic building with «girderless» frame. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 58–61. (In Russian).

References
1. Mangushev R.A., Nikiforova N.S., Konyushkov V.V., Osokin A.I. Proektirovanie i ustroistvo podzemnykh sooruzhenii v otkrytykh kotlovanakh [Designing and thedevice of underground constructions in open ditches]. Moscow: ASV, 2013. 256 p.
2. Mangushev R.A., Veselov A.A., Konyushkov V.V., Sapin D.A. Numerical simulation of adjoining developments technolo- gy settlement in process of trench slurry wall construc- tion. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov. 2012. No. 5 (34), pp. 87–98. (In Russian).
3. Мakovetsky O.A., Zuev S.S., Khusainov I.I., Timofeev M.A. Ensuring geotechnical safety of the building under construc- tion. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 9, pp. 34–38. (In Russian).
4. Ponomarev A.B. Geotechnical monitoring of the apartment house. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 9, pp. 41–46. (In Russian).
5. Sergeev S.V., Senyushkin V.V. Research of work of building with monolithic framework as system on elastic foundation, The collection of articles from Intern. scientific-practical conference «City and ecological reconstruction of housing and communal complex of the XXI century», Moscow, 2006, рр. 45–51. (In Russian).
6. Grozdov V.T., Technical survey of building structures of buildings and constructions [Tekhnicheskoe obsledovanie stroitel’nykh konstruktsii zdanii i sooruzhenii]. St. Petersburg: Centr kachestva stroitelstva, 1998. 96 p.
7. Recommendations for assessment and strengthening of building constructions of industrial buildings and structures [Rekomendatsii po otsenke sostoyaniya i usileniyu stroitel’nykh konstruktsii promyshlennykh zdanii i sooruzhenii]. Moscow: Stroyisdat, 1989. 23 р. (In Russian).
8. Sergeev S.V., Vorobyov E.D., Geotechnical monitoring of construction of buildings and structures in the environment of Belgorod [Geotekhnicheskii monitoring stroitel’stva zdanii i sooruzhenii v usloviyakh Belgoroda]. Moscow – Belgorod: RAASN, No. 2, 2008, pp. 76–83. (In Russian).
9. Rybalov A.I., Rybalov M.A., The experience of using chalk soils as basis. Papers of the international conference «Geotechnical problems of megacities». Moscow, 2010, pp. 1389–1390. (In Russian).
10. Sokolov N.S. Ryabinov V.M. About one method of continuous flight augering EDT-piles carrying capacity calculation. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i Mekhanika gruntov. 2015. No. 1, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
11. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About effectiveness of the appliance of continuous flight augering piles with multiple caps using electric-discharge technology. Geotehnika. 2016. No. 2, pp. 28–34. (In Russian).
12. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. Special aspects of the appliance and the calculation of continuous flight augering piles with multiple caps. Geotehnika. 2016. No. 3, pp. 60–66. (In Russian).
13. Sokolov N.S. Ryabinov V.M. The technology of appliance of continuous flight augering piles with increased bearing capacity. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 9, pp. 11–14. (In Russian).
14. Sokolov N.S. Technological methods of appliance of continuous flight augering piles with multipoint widenings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 54–59. (In Russian).
15. Sokolov N.S. Approaches to increase the bearing capacity of strengthening continuous flight augering piles. Materials of 3nd International (9th All-Russian) conference «New in architecture, design of building structures and reconstruction» (NASKR-2016). Cheboksary: Chuvash State University, 2016, pp. 304–316. (In Russian).
N.S. SOKOLOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Director (forstnpf@mail.ru); A.G. SUCHKOVA2, Engineer; S.N. SOKOLOV1, Engineer, Deputy Director for research, A.N. SOKOLOV1, Engineer, Deputy Director for production
1 OOO NPF “FORST” (109a, Kalinina Street, Cheboksary, 428000, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation
2 Chuvash State University Named After I. N. Ulyanov (5, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, 428015, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)

Geo-Technical Technologies of Adaptation of Buildings under Construction to Conditions of Old Development The construction of buildings and structures under constrained conditions requires a special approach. There are a number of construction problems associated with maintaining the operational reliability of previously constructed objects. This is especially true for cases when preserved buildings have limited bearing capacity and at the same time they cannot be excluded from the technologic process. New construction, renovation and reconstruction of old buildings with subsequent harmonious inclusion in the single technological cycle is an important problem of any geo-technical construction.

Keywords: constrained conditions, bored-injection piles, electric-discharge technology (EDT), water-saturated soil, bearing capacity of piles regarding soil.

For citation: Sokolov N.S., Suchkova A.G., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Geo-technical technologies of adaptation of buildings under construction to conditions of old development. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 62–67. (In Russian).

References
1. Ilyichev V.A., Mangushev R.A., Nikiforova N.S. Experience of development of under-ground space of policies Russian mega. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2012. No. 2, рр. 17–20. (In Russian).
2. Rodionov V.N., Sizov I.A, Tsvetkov V.M. Fundamentals of geomechanics. Moscow: Nedra, 1986. 301 p. (In Russian).
3. Ulitsky V.M., Shashkin A.G., Shashkin K.G. Geotekhni- cheskoe soprovozhdenie razvitiya gorodov [Geotechnical maintenance of development of the cities]. St. Petersburg: Georekonstruktiya. 2010. 551 p. (In Russian).
4. Тer-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Mekhanik of soil]. Moscow: ASV, 2009. 550 p. (In Russian).
5. Ukhov S.B. Mekhanika gruntov, osnovaniya i fundamenta [Mechanics of soil, basis and base]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 2007. 561 p. (In Russian).
6. Russian Federation patent for plezny model No. 161650. Ustroistvo dlya kamufletnogo ushireniya nabivnoi konstruktsii v grunte [The device for camouflage broadening of a stuffed design in soil]. N.S. Sokolov, H.A. Dzhantimirov, M.V. Kuzmin, S.N. Sokolov, A.N. Sokolov. Declared 1.07.2015. Published 20.12.2016. Bulletin No. 35. (In Russian).
7. Patent RF 2605213. Sposob vozvedeniya nabivnoi konstruktsii v grunte [Way of construction of a stuffed design in soil]. N.S. Sokolov, H.A. Dzhantimirov, M.V. Kuzmin, S.N. Sokolov, A.N. Sokolov. Declared 16.03.2015. Published 27.04.2016. Bulletin No. 2. (In Russian).
8. Sokolov N.S. Metod of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsionnykh svay-RIT taking into account «thrust bearings». Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International) the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstruction» conference (NASKR-2014). 2014. Cheboksary, pp. 407–411. (In Russian).
9. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About one method of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsi-onnykh svay-ERT. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2015. No. 1, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
10. Sokolov N.S., Nikiforovа N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Application svay-ERT for elimination of a preemergency at construction of the base. Geotechnicа. 2016. No. 5, pp. 54–60.
11. Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. About a wrong way of the device the buroinjektsionnykh of piles with use of electrodigit technology. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 11, pp. 20–29. (In Russian).
12. Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Experience of use the buroinjektsionnykh of piles ERT at elimination of an emergency of the public building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 12, pp. 31–36. (In Russian).
13. Sokolov N.S. Technological Methods of Installation of Bored- Injection Piles with Multiple En-largements. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 54–57. (In Russian).
I.N. MOSHKA, Deputy Director for designs development OOO «AK BARS Engineering» (1, Meridiannaya Street, 420124, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)

Engineering is an Instrument of Rise in Profitability The importance of the use of BIM-technologies in designing is accentuated. It is shown that these technologies in combination with 3D-designing make it possible to exclude errors caused by human factor practically completely. All stages and sections of the project in the BIM format are considered in complex and in interconnection with each other. When working with the customer, inaccuracies in determining the amount of spent materials and cost of works disappear. It is shown that the design productivity is improved, the procedure of making changes in the project is simplified, construction collisions, which lead to the increase in labor intensity and cost of works, are prevented.

Keywords: precast reinforced concrete, reinforced concrete products, large-panel housing construction, modernization, BIM-technology, engineering, 3D-designing.

For citation: Moshka I.N. Engineering is an instrument of rise in profitability. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 68–70. (In Russian).

References
1. Nikolaev S.V. The possibility or revival of house building factories on the basis of domestic equipment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
2. Yarmakovskii V.N. Energy-resources-saving under manufacturing at the elements of structural-technological building systems, their rising and exploitation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
3. Oparina L.A. Taking into Account the energy intensity of building materials at different stages of the life cycle of buildings. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Consrtruction Materials]. 2014. No. 11, pp. 44–45. (In Russian).
4. Yumasheva E.I., Sapacheva L.V. House-building industry and social order of time. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2014. No. 10, pp. 3–11. (In Russian).
5. Harchenko S.G. Development of construction of social housing on the basis of modernization of industrial housing construction. Modern technologies of management – 2014. Collection of materials of the international scientific conference. Moscow, 2014, рр. 1750–1759. (In Russian).
6. Usmanov Sh.I. Formation of economic strategy of development of industrial housing construction in Russia. Politika, gosudarstvo i pravo. 2015. No. 1 (37), pp. 76–79. (In Russian).
7. Baranova L.N. Development of industrial housing construction and the industry of construction materials in various regions of Russia. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii estestvennykh nauk (Sankt-Peterburg). 2013. No. 3, pp. 61–63. (In Russian).
8. Antipov D.N. Strategy of development of the enterprises of industrial housing construction. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2012. No. 1, pp. 267–270. (In Russian).
9. Melnikova I.B. New means of expressiveness of multystoried multisection residential buildings. Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2015. No. 20, pp. 86–89. (In Russian).
10. Lekarev I.N., Safin A.M., Sidorov A.G. The concept of construction from precast concrete according to the WHaus standard. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 20–25. (In Russian).
11. Lekarev I.N., Sidorov A.G., Moshka I.N. Series of ABD Houses – 9000: Introduction of BIM-Technologies at Modern Production. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Consrtruction Materials]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 22–24. (In Russian)
S.А. SYCHEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (sasychev@ya.ru) Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (4, 2nd Krasnoarmeiskaya Street, St. Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation)

Industrial Technology of Installation of Prefabricated Transformable Buildings in the Far North Industrial technology of installation of prefabricated transformable buildings is the optimal combination of solutions that makes it possible to erect a building with maximum possible compliance with energy efficient, industrial “clean” fast construction of prefabricated buildings from high-tech systems with due regard for climate and natural conditions, functionality, architectural preferences, and requirement of normative documents. Activities aimed at the implementation of these requirements involve the implementation of complex spaсe-planning, structural, technological solutions, and modern engineering equipment. Thus, the integrated use of the basic provisions in practice makes it possible to create the system of construction of prefabricated buildings with pre-prepared foundations, roads, landscaping and connected engineering networks that permits the fast erection of high-tech buildings and operative connection of the building to the prepared networks. The integral nature of the «pure» construction puts the problem to the author, the solution of which is individually in each concrete case and provides the sustainable development and often is innovative. The formation of a high-speed method of installation is the search for rational solutions by means of the continuous analyses of components of labor and energy balance of the installation process.

Keywords: quick assembly, energy efficiency, standardized modular designs, prefabricated at the factory, prefabricated modular buildings, high speed construction.

For citation: Sychev S.А. Industrial technology of installation of prefabricated transformable buildings in the Far North. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 71–78. (In Russian).

References
1. Asaul A.N., Kazakov Ju.N., Bykov B.Л., Knjaz’ I.P., Erofe- ev P.Ju. Teorija i praktika ispol’zovanija bystrovozvodi- myh zdanij [Teorija i praktika ispol’zovanija bystrovozvo- dimyh zdanij] St. Petersburg: Gumanistika, 2004. 472 р. (In Russian).
2. Afanas’ev A.A. Tehnologija vozvedenija polnosbornyh zdanij [Tehnologija vozvedenija polnosbornyh zdanij]. Moscow, 2000. 287 p. (In Russian).
3. Verstov V.V., Bad’in G.M. Osobennosti proektirovanija i stroitel’stva zdanij i sooruzhenij v Sankt-Peterburge. Vestnik grazhdanskih inzhenerov. 2010. No. 1 (22). pp. 96–105. (In Russian).
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5. Sychev S.A. Technological principles of rapid housing, the future of automated and robotic Assembly buildings. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 3, pp. 66–70. (In Russian).
6. Viscomi B.V., Michalerya W.D., Lu L.W. Automated construction in the ATLSS integrated building systems. Automation in construction. 1994, No. 3, pp. 35–43.
7. Fudge, J., Brown, S. Prefabricated modular concrete construction. Building engineer. 2011, No. 86 (6), pp. 20–21.
8. Knaack U., Chung-Klatte Sh., Hasselbach R. Prefabrica- ted systems: Principles of construction. De Gruyter, 2012, 67 p. 9. Wang Y., Huang Z., Heng L. Cost-effectiveness assessment of insulated exterior wall of residential buildings in cold
climate. International Journal of Project Management. 2007. No. 25 (2), pp. 143–149.
10. Head P.R. Construction materials and technology: A Look at the future. Proceedings of the ICE – Civil Engineering. 2001. No. 144 (3), pp. 113–118.
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12. Lawson R.M., Richards. J. Modular design for high-rise buildings. Proceedings of the ICE – Structures and Buildings. 2001. No. 163 (3), pp. 151–164.
13. Nadim W., Goulding J.S. Offsite production in the UK: The Way forward? A UK construction industry perspective Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management. 2010. No. 10 (2), pp. 181–202.
14. Day A. When modern buildings are built offsite. Building engineer. 2010. No. 86 (6), pp. 18–19.
15. Allen E., Iano J. Fundamentals of building construction: Materials and methods. J. Wiley & Sons. 2004, 28 p.
O.V. FOTIN (fotinov@dskarkas.ru), Director of Design Department AO «Irkutsk Integrated House-Building Factory» (1, Promzona, Vvedenshchina, 664047, Irkutsk Region, Russian Federation)

Introduction of the RKD «Irkutsk Frame» System in Construction of Multistory Residential Buildings The article describes the RKD «Irkutsk Frame» system, a braced frame with diaphragms, for construction of multi-story buildings and structures even in seismic- dangerous areas. It is possible to use self-bearing three-layer wall panels and other self-bearing enveloping structures for construction in non-seismic areas and construction of low-rise buildings (one-two stories) in seismic areas. A three-story house-representative was built at the territory of the integrated factory to test the compatibility of structures and installation technology. Construction of the house-representative, its micro-dynamic tests and test of a «column-girder» confirmed the correctness of the chosen direction in the development of the RKD “Irkutsk Frame” system. An experience in introducing the RKD «Irkutsk Frame» system is analyzed.

Keywords: resource saving, RKD «Irkutsk Frame» system» (braced frame with diaphragms), seismic active areas of construction, structural system, seismic resistant frame, joints, multi-hollow floor slabs, columns, girders, three-layer wall panels.

For citation: Fotin O.V. Introduction of the RKD «Irkutsk frame» system in construction of multistory residential buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 79–81. (In Russian).

References
1. Nikolaev S.V. The possibility or revival of house building factories on the basis of domestic equipment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
2. Yarmakovskii V.N. Energy-resources-saving under manufacturing at the elements of structural-technological building Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materiаls]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
3. Semchenkov A.S. Knowledge-based solutions of constructive system of multystorey buildings. Stroitelnyi expert. 2006. № 16 (227), pp. 4–8.
4. Yarmakovsky V.N., Semchenkov A.S., Kozelkov M.M., Shevtsov D.A. About energy saving when using innovative technologies in constructive systems of buildings in the course of their creation and construction. Vestnik MGSU. 2011. No. 3. T. 1, рр. 209–215. (In Russian).
5. Gryzlov V.S. Shlakobetona in large-panel housing construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materiаls]. 2011. No. 3 , pp. 40–41. (In Russian).
6. Yarmakovskii V.N., Semenyuk P.N., Rodevich V.V., Lugo- voi V.A. To improve design-technological solutions of the three-layer outside wall panels of large-panel buildings in direction of heat resistance function and exploitation reliability. Pro-ceeding of the fourth Academic readings dedicated to the memory of academician of RAASN G.L. Osipov «Actual questions of building physics – energy saving, reliability, environmental safety» (3–5 July 2012), Moscow. 2012, pp. 88–95. (In Russian).
7. Fotin O.V., Yarmakovsky V.N. Transition to combined and monolithic housing construction in the conditions of seismically active region. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 30–32. (In Russian).
8. Fotin O.V. System RKD «Irkutsk Framework» of multi- storey buildings and constructions. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 65–68. (In Russian).
9. Fotin O.V. System RKD «Irkutsk Framework» of multi-storey buildings and constructions. Seismostoikoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzhenii. 2016. No. 1, pp. 44–50. (In Russian).
10. Fotin O.V., Yarmakovsky V.N., Kandiev D.Z. Power resour- ce-saving constructive system of frame buildings for seismic regions and innovative production technologies of prefabricated elements of system. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 35–39. (In Russian).
The basis of successful activities of OOO «AKB «POLISPROEKT» is knowledge and rich experience in designing of objects of various complexity and purpose, the ability to keep in step with the time using the newest construction and architectural solutions. Specialists of OOO «AKB «POLISPROEKT» perform the development of the town-planning documentation, design of multi-storey buildings and hotels, administrative buildings and structures, industrial buildings, technical assistance to approval and expertise of designs, design engineering, consulting services, field supervision.
During 2016, Financial-Construction Corporation “Lider” built 591 ths m2 of real estate within the frame of Moscow and Podmoskovny projects of comprehensive development and also in Saint-Petersburg and regions. This is 14.5% more than a year before. At present, 1.1 mil. m2 are at the construction stage.
E.V. SKACHKOV, Chief Architect (arhitech_svetoch@mail.ru) OOO PPI «BryanskGrazhdanProekt» (3, St. Dimitrova Avenue, 241037, Bryansk, Russian Federation)

Large-Panel Houses in Bryansk as Elements of Color and Spatial Equilibrium The advantages of color solutions of modern large-panel buildings built during the development of the neighborhood №3 in the Soviet district of Bryansk are shown. Possibilities and necessity to re-plan the building while preserving the bearing frame of the residential building are substantiated. Reasonability of the use of building structures with longitudinal bearing walls is noted. The new color solutions of facades and rhythmic alternation of contrast architectural elements proposed by the designers created the spatial equilibrium in the neighborhood adjacent to the main street.

Keywords: large-panel housing construction, energy efficiency, development, color palette, color, spatial equilibrium, structural scheme of building.

For citation: Skachkov E.V. Large-panel houses in Bryansk as elements of color and spatial equilibrium. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 86–88. (In Russian).

References
1. Nikolaev S.V. The possibility or revival of house building factories on the basis of domestic equipment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
2. Usmanov Sh.I. Formation of economic strategy of development of industrial housing construction in Russia. Politika, gosu- darstvo i pravo. 2015. No. 1 (37), pp. 76–79. (In Russian).
3. Baranova L.N. Development of industrial housing construction and the industry of construction materials in various regions of Russia. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii estestvennykh nauk. 2013. No. 3, pp. 61–63. (In Russian).
4. Antipov D.N. Strategy of development of the enterprises of industrial housing construction. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2012. No. 1, pp. 267–270. (In Russian).
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El_podpiska СИЛИЛИКАТэкс KERAMTEX elibrary interConPan_2020 osm21