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Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №5

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The VII International Scientific-Practical Conference «InterConPan-2017: from LPC to Frame-Panel Construction» was held in the capital of the Chuvash Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
A.N. KORSHUNOV, Deputy General Director for research (papadima53@yandex.ru) AO «Kazan GIPRONIIAVIAPROM» (1, Dementieva Street, Kazan, 420127, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)

Design «Universal System of Large-Panel Housing Construction» for Construction in Moscow. Panel Houses Can Be Both Social and Elite Housing A design block of large-panel housing construction is considered. It is proposed to use the universal system of large-panel housing construction with a narrow pitch as a basic system for large-panel house building plants of Moscow. The system has multi-variant layouts of flats with diverse combinations in the basic design of a block-section, as well as a modular principle of design of new block-sections on the basis of existing ones, mechanism of conversion of the basic block-section from the narrow pitch to the broad pitch without the use of pre-stressed slabs. The advantage of the design system when developing different construction sites with its use is shown; main and additional factors making it possible to construct both social and elite panel dwellings are presented. The advantage of its use in the planned Moscow program of resettlement from dilapidated five-story houses is also shown.

Keywords: Moscow Government Resolution of May 25, 2015, № 305-ПП, panel houses, social and elite housing, development of different land sites, universal system of large-panel housing construction, basic block-section, function of increasing or decreasing the length of rooms, three-span overlapping, functions of increasing the width of rooms, free lay-outs, modular principle of design of block-sections, decreasing of labor costs and volumes of design works.

For citation: Korshunov A.N. Design «Universal System of Large-Panel Housing Construction» for Construction in Moscow. Panel Houses Can Be Both Social and Elite Housing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 11–15. (In Russian).

References
1. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. The line of bezopalubochny formation – efficiency plant with flexible technology. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 22–26. (In Russian).
2. Nikolaev S.V. Architectural-Urban Development System of Panel-Frame Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 38, pp. 15–25. (In Russian).
3. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
4. Tikhomirov B.I., Kites A.N, Shakirov R.A. Universal system of large-panel housing construction with multiple plannings of apartments and their various combinations in a basic design of block section. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 4, рр. 13–20. (In Russian).
5. Korshunov A.N. Design «Universal system of large-panel housing construction» in business chain: developer – designer – large-panel prefabrication plant. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 10–17. (In Russian).
6. Patent RF 2511327. Krupnopanel’noe zdanie [Largepanel building]. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Declared 20.02.2012. Published 10.04. 2014. Bulletin No. 10. (In Russian).
7. Tikhomirov B.I. Combination of Narrow and Wide Pitches of Cross Bearing Walls in a Large Panel Block-Section. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 6–12. (In Russian).
8. Patent RF for useful model №140512. Konstruktsiya utepleniya naruzhnykh sten krupnopanel’nogo zdaniya [Design of winterization of external walls of the largepanel building]. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Declared 25.12.2013. Published 10.05.2014. Bulletin No. 13.
9. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Innovative Universal System of Large-Panel House Building with a Narrow Spacing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 32–40. (In Russian).
10. Patent RF 124272. Krupnopanel’noe zdanie [Largepanel building]. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Declared 20.02.2012. Published 20.01.2013. Bulletin No. 2. (In Russian).
11. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Improvement of Conditions of Insolation of Residential Buildings during Development of Construction Site. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 16–20. (In Russian).
Facades Improving the Class of Housing from KERAMA MARAZZI (Information) . . . . . . . . . . . 16
OOO «SEVASTOPOLSTROY» Builds Sevastopol over 70 Years . . . . . . . . . . 18
Yu.N. ZHUK, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of the Laboratory of Automated Research and Structures Design, V.V. KURNAVIN, Deputy Head of the Laboratory of Automated Research and Structures Design, Yu.V. PANASENKO, Head of Expert Calculations Group Laboratory of Automated Research and Structures Design TSNIISK named after V.A. Kucherenko, JSC “Research Center of Construction” (6, 2-уa Institutskaya Street, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Peculiarities of Design of Large-Panel Buildings with the Use of Software Platforms for Information Simulation (BIM) and Software Complexes of Structures Calculation The article considers the peculiarities of date exchange between information models of objects and models used in the software complexes based on FEM. A universal algorithm of transition from the information model of the building to the calculation model is presented; the definition of various terms used in practice are given. Various features of the formation of the calculation model of panel buildings in the Russian software complex STARK ES are presented. Methods for describing structural solutions for horizontal and vertical joints and methods for describing their operation in the calculation schemes and models are the most detailed analyzed. Main methods for determining the equivalent rigidity of sections characteristic for panel buildings are presented.

Keywords: BIM, information model of object, analytical model, calculation scheme, calculation model, horizontal joint, vertical joint, large-panel building, insert, equivalent rigidity, reduced rigidity.

For citation: Zhuk Yu.N., Kurnavin V.V., Panasenko Yu.V. Peculiarities of Design of Large-Panel Buildings with the Use of Software Platforms for Information Simulation (BIM) and Software Complexes of Structures Calculation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 20–25. (In Russian).

References
1. Gorodetsky A.S., Evzerov I.D., Computer models of designs. Kiev: FAKT, 2005. 344 p.
2. Danel V.V. The 3D parameters – the cores modeling joints in final and element models. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 22–27. (In Russian).
3. Zhuk Yu.N., Simbirkin V. N. Program STARK ES complex. In book: Modern high-rise construction. Moscow: GUP «ITTs Moskomarkhitektury», 2007. 464 p.
4. Maklakova T. G. Designing of large-panel buildings. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1975. 159 p.
5. Nazarov Yu.P., Zhuk Yu.N., Simbirkin V.N. The automated design of flat monolithic and combined and monolithic overlappings of frame buildings Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2006. No. 10, pp. 48–50. (In Russian).
6. A program complex for calculation of building constructions on durability stability and fluctuations of STARK ES. Version 44 (2007). Rukovodstvo pol’zovatelya. Moscow: EVROSOFT, 2008. 399 p.
7. Simbirkin V.N. Design of reinforced concrete frameworks of multystoried buildings by means of the STARK ES personal computer. Informatsionnyi vestnik Mosoblgosekspertizy. 2005. No. 3 (10), pp. 42–48. (In Russian).
8. Simbirkin V.N., Kurnavina S.O. Statichesky and dynamic calculation of reinforced concrete monolithic frameworks of buildings by means of the program STARK ES complex. Moscow: FGUP «NITs «Stroitel’stvo», OOO «EVROSOFT», 2007. 158 p.
9. Simbirkin V.N., Kurnavina S.O. The solution of problems of design of building constructions by means of the program STARK ES complex. Calculation of monolithic reinforced concrete frameworks of buildings. Moscow: TsNIISK im. V.A. Kucherenko, OOO «EVROSOFT», 2009. 141 p.
Unique Rehabilitation Social Center of Help to Disabled People «Nadezhda» in Kolomna for Harmonious Adaptation to Living in Contemporary Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
R.Yu. ZHIDKOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy), Deputy Director (rzhidkov@gmail.com), M.N. BUCHKIN1, Candidate of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy), Director; A.Yu. SEROV2, Chief
1 NPP «Georesurs» (52, Novocheremushkinsksya Street, Moscow, 117418, Russian Federation)
2 GUP «Mosgorgeotrest» (11, Leningradsky Avenue, Voscow, 125040, Russian Federation)

Three-Dimensional Computer Model of the Underground Space as an Innovative Urban Planning Tool At present, practically all the main directions of the town-planning development in Moscow are associated with the development of underground space. At that, the introduction of the object under construction in the existing underground infrastructure is realized under the condition of undertime that leads to complication of its configuration. In this connection, especially relevant is the complex approach to the development of underground space which, on the one hand, satisfies functional requirements, on the other hand considers the underground space as a valuable finite town-planning resource. The dynamics of today’s town-planning process requires the use of principally new tools for operation with the data on underground space which provide instant and reliable visual assessment of existing conditions both at the stage of master planning and at the stage of designing of buried and underground structures. One of these tools may be a volumetric model of the underground space.

Keywords: underground space, three-dimensional simulation, engineering geology, information modeling, BIM-technology.

For citation: Zhidkov R.Yu., Buchkin M.N., Serov A.Yu. Three-Dimensional Computer Model of the Underground Space as an Innovative Urban Planning Tool. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).

References
1. Telichenko V.I., Zertsalov M.G., Konyukhov D.S. et. al. Sovremennye tekhnologii kompleksnogo osvoeniya podzemnogo prostranstva megapolisov [Modern technologies of complex development of underground space of megacities]. Moscow: ASV. 2010. 360 p.
2. Talapov V.V. Tekhnologiya BIM: sut’ i osnovy vnedreniya informatsionnogo modelirovaniya zdanii [BIM: the essence and the basics of implementing building information modeling]. Moscow: DMK-press. 2015. 410 p.
3. Otchet «Otsenka primeneniya BIM-tekhnologiy v stroitel’stve. Rezul’taty issledovaniya effektivnosti primeneniya BIM-tekhnologiy v investitsionno-stroitel’nykh proektakh rossiyskikh kompaniy» [The report «Assessment of the use of BIM technologies in the construction of the Results of a study of the effectiveness of BIM technologies in the construction and investment projects of Russian companies»]. Information portal of the National Association of investigators and project designers (electronic resource). http://nopriz.ru/upload/ iblock/2cc/4.7_bim_rf_otchot.pdf (date of access 10.12.2016).
4. Kessler H., Wood B., Morin G. et al. Building Information Modelling (BIM) – а Route for Geological Models to Have Real World Impact. GSA 2015, Maryland, USA, 1–4 Nov 2015. Geological Society of America. P. 13–18.
5. G.Morin. Geotechnical BIM: Applying BIM principles to the subsurface // Autodesk Univercity (electronic resource) http:// aucache.autodesk.com/au2016/sessionsFiles/21042/12494/ handout_21042_TR21042%20Geotechnical%20BIM%20v1. pdf (date of access 10.12.2016).
6. Tawelian L.R., Mickowski S.B. The Implementation of Geotechnical Data into the BIM Process. Procedia Engineerng. 2016. V. 143. P. 734–741.
7. Geologicheskiy atlas Moskvy (v 10 tomakh s poyasnitel’noy zapiskoy). Masshtab 1:10 000. [Geological Atlas of Moscow (in 10 volumes with an explanatory note)]. Scale 1:10 000. Moscow: Mosgorgeotrest. 2010.
8. Antipov A.V., Mayorov S.G., Budarin V.Yu et al. System of the engineering-geological foundation of urban design in the development of underground space of the city of Moscow based on use of GIS-technologies. Engineering surveys for construction: practice and experience of Mosgorgeotrest. Moscow: Prospect. 2012. P. 206–228.
9. Bogdanov A.S., Lomakin E.A. The reform program of engineering surveying. Geoprofi. 2012. No. 5, рр. 4–7. (In Russian).
N.S. SOKOLOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (forstnpf@mail.ru) Chuvash State University Named After I. N. Ulyanov (5, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, 428015, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)

Criteria of Economic Efficiency of Use of Drilled Piles Construction of buildings and structures, as well as the construction of individual stages, as for example, zero parts, a frame and etc. produced by thefundamental principle. This is the best option – technically feasible and cost-effective. The share of construction of the underground part is 15–20% of the total estimated project cost. Therefore, the selection of the most economical type of pile foundation plays a predominant role in the reliable operation of the building.

Keywords: estimated cost, self-cost, drilling pile, pulse-discharge technology, load bearing capacity, continuous flight augering pile.

For citation: Sokolov N.S. Criteria of economic efficiency of use of drilled piles. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 34–37. (In Russian).

References
1. Ilyichev V.A., Mangushev R.A., Nikiforova N.S. Experience of development of under-ground space of policies Russian mega. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2012. No. 2, рр. 17–20. (In Russian).
2. Ulitsky V.M., Shashkin A.G., Shashkin K.G. Geotekhnicheskoe soprovozhdenie razvitiya gorodov [Geotechnical maintenance of development of the cities]. Saint-Petersburg: Georekonstruktiya. 2010. 551 p. (In Russian).
3. Тer-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Mekhanik of soil]. Moscow: ASV, 2009. 550 p. (In Russian).
4. Ulickiy V.M., Shashkin A.G., Shashkin K.G. Gid po geotehnike [Guide to geotechnical engineering (Guide to the grounds, foundations and underground structures)]. Saint Petersburg, 2015. 284 p.
5. Sokolov N.S. Sokolov S.N. Uning continuous flight augering piles for securing slopes, Materials of the 5th All-Russian the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstruction» conference (NASKR-2005). 2005. Cheboksary, pp. 292–293. (In Russian).
6. Sokolov N.S. Metod of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsionnykh svay-RIT taking into account «thrust bearings». Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International) the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstruction» conference (NASKR-2014). 2014. Cheboksary, pp. 407–411. (In Russian).
7. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About one method of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsi-onnykh svay-ERT. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2015. No. 1, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
8. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About effectiveness of the appliance of continuous flight augering piles with multiple caps using electric-discharge technology. Geotehnika. 2016. No. 2, pp. 28–34. (In Russian).
9. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. Special aspects of the appliance and the calculation of continuous flight augering piles with multiple caps. Geotehnika. 2016. No. 3, pp. 60–66. (In Russian).
10. Sokolov N.S. Ryabinov V.M. The technology of appliance of continuous flight augering piles with increased bearing capacity. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2016. No. 9, pp. 11–14. (In Russian).
V.N. KUPRIYANOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (kuprivan@kgasu.ru) Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, 420043, Kazan, Russian Federation)

Improved Calculation Method for Protection Against Strong Moistening of an Enclosuring Analysis of the SP 50.13330.2012 “Thermal Performance of the Buildings” showed that standard method for protection against strong moistening of an enclosuring has some inaccuracies and uncertainties. The maximum permissible value of moistening Δw is insufficiently substantiated, since it is not clear which of the properties of an enclosuring would reach their critical state when moistened to Δw. The period of strong moistening z0 is not justified but simply assigned as a period with negative average monthly air temperatures. An expression for calculation complex fi(tм.у.) for the period z0 is given, the results of which are also applied for the annual period, therefore cannot be correct. In order to eliminate indicated inaccuracies and uncertainties, an improvement of graphic-analytical method initially developed by Fokin K.F.is suggested. An improved method allows to determine the location of moisture section xм.у. and the temperature of condensation tнк in this location by using an equality E = e in a section of enclosure. The tнк value allows to sufficiently evaluate the period of strong moistening z0 by comparing the value of tнк to the annual course of average monthly air temperatures. Substantiation of the proposals and calculation example of an improved method are given.

Keywords: water vapor permeability, water vapor resistance, dew point, location of moisture section, period of moistening.

For citation: Kupriyanov V.N. Improved Calculation Method for Protection Against Strong Moistening of an Enclosuring. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 38–43. (In Russian).

References
1. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Basis for the development of an engineering method for calculating humidity conditions // Collection of reports of the 8th Scientific and Practical Conference 24–26 April 2003 «Walls and facades. Actual problems of construction thermophysics» (Academic readings). Moscow. NIISF. 2003, pp. 23–35. (In Russian).
2. Kozlov V.V. The method of engineering assessment of the moisture state of modern enclosing structures with an increased level of thermal protection, taking into account the vapor permeability, moisture conductivity and air filtration: thesis … candidate of technical sciences. Moscow. 2004. 24 p. (In Russian).
3. Fokin K.F. Stroitel’naya teplotekhnika ograzhdayushchikh chastei zdanii [Thermal Engineering of enclosing parts of buildings]. Moscow: AVOK-PRESS. 2016. 5th ed. 256 p.
4. Protasevich A.M., Leshkevich V.V., Krutilin A. B. Humidity conditions of external walls of buildings in the Republic of Belarus. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 9, pp. 37–40. (In Russian).
5. Grinfeld G.I., Kuptaraeva P.D. Masonry of autoclaved aerated concrete with external insulation. Qualities of humidity conditions during the initial period of operation. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyj zhurnal. 2011. No. 8, pp. 41–50. (In Russian).
6. Holm A., Künzel H.M. Non-Isothermal Moisture Transfer in Porous Building Materials. Proceedings of Materialsweek Congress. 2000. Munich.
7. Mendes N., Philippi P.C. A Method of Predicting Heat and Moisture Transfer Through Multilayered Walls Based on temperature and Moisture Content Gradients. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 2005. Vol. 48. Issue 1, pp. 37–51.
8. Lepage R., Schumacher C., Lukachko A. Moisture Management for High R-Value Walls. Technical report. USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Building Technologies Office. URL: http://www.osti.gov/ bridge. 2013. United States. (Reference date: 15.05.2017).
9. Kupriyanov V.N., Safin I.S., Khabibullina A.G. On the question of water vapor permeability of walling. ACADEMIA Construction and Architecture. 2009. No. 5, pp. 504–507. (In Russian).
10. Kupriyanov V.N., Safin I.S. Determination of the temperature of water vapor condensation in enclosures. Vestnik of VRO RAASN. 2004. No. 17, pp. 275–282. (In Russian)
11. Kupriyanov V.N. Klimatologiya I fizika arkhitekturnoi sredy [Climatology and Physics of architectural environment]. Moscow: ASV Publ. 2016. 194 p.
Double Benefit of Each Meter with Efficient Heat Insulation ПЕНОПЛЭКС® and Reliable Waterproof Insulation PLASTFOIL®Geo . . . . . . . . 44
A New Project of DSK-1 – HC «First.Jubilee» . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 47
N.V. DUBYNIN, Candidate of Architecture (arh_nauka@mail.ru) AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha – Institute of Complex Design of Residential and Public Buildings» (AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha») (9, bldg.3, Dmitrovskoye Shosse, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation)

The Role of Scientific Organizations in Development of the Base of Normative-Technical Regulation of Design and Construction The process of formation of the normative-technical base of design and construction in Russia is considered. At present, there is a problem of deficit of normative documents that comply with the modern legislative base and a new level of development of the technical component of the construction industry and its material condition. In this connection, there is a need for active development of new, actualization and redevelopment of existing regulations which form the base of normative-technical regulation in the field of design of various types of buildings and facilities, structures, engineering systems, town planning, etc. This process became an important sphere of Minstroy activity as well as leading research organizations and institutes. The most significant directions of standardization, in view of active development, are structures and typology of buildings demanding the special attention and development of a large number of new documents. In this connection, the role of organization-developers which have not only the experience in design, but and a scientific potential in this field.

Keywords: normative-technical documents, normative base, architecture of buildings, structures of buildings, design of buildings.

For citation: Dubynin N.V. The Role of Scientific Organizations in Development of the Base of Normative-Technical Regulation of Design and Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 48–51. (In Russian).

References
1. Travush V. I., Volkov Yu. S. Common problems of construction science and production, unification and standardization in construction. Vestnik MGSU. 2014. No. 3, pp. 7–14. (In Russian).
2. FAU «FTsS» [an electronic resource]: Travush V. I., Volkov Yu. S. Questions of technical regulation in URL construction: http://www.faufcc.ru/upload/iblock/45a/volkov_ doklad.pdf (date of the address: 5/3/2017). (In Russian).
3. FAU «FTsS» [an electronic resource]: Report inventory and development of regulatory technical base of construction 2015–2025//FAU «FTsS». 2017. 72 pages of URL: http:// www.faufcc.ru/upload/methodical_materials/news_ materials/press_180T%D0%95255_doklad_v72all.pdf (date of the address: 5/3/2017). (In Russian).
4. ZaNoStroi. RF [an electronic resource]: Grishin A.: Exists serious deficiency of documents on technical regulation in construction 5/3/2017. URL: http://zanostroy.ru/news/2017/05/03/7594. html (date of the address: 5/3/2017). (In Russian).
5. Ministry of Construction of Russia [an electronic resource]: In 2017 development of 75 sets of rules and 35 standards is planned. 4/10/2017. URL: http://www.minstroyrf.ru/press/v- 2017-godu-zaplanirovana-razrabotka-75-svodov-pravil-i-35- standartov/ (date of the address: 5/3/2017). (In Russian).
6. FAU «FTsS» [an electronic resource]: Technical rationing in construction. URL: http://www.faufcc.ru/technical-regulationin- constuction/ (date of the address: 5/3/2017). (In Russian).
7. FAU «FTsS» [an electronic resource]: Plan of development of sets of rules. URL: http://www.faufcc.ru/technical-regulationin- constuction/development-plan/ (date of the address: 5/3/2017). (In Russian).
8. Nikolaev S.V., Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V., Zyryanov V.S. The prospects of development of the regulatory base of high-rise construction in Russia. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2016. No. 12, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
9. Russian newspaper [an electronic resource]: Bukharova O. From hundred and above. 11/30/2016. URL: https:// rg.ru/2016/11/30/normativnaia-baza-dlia-vozvedeniiavysotok- poiavitsia-v-2017-godu.html (date of the address: 5/3/2017). (In Russian).
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