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Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №1-2

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A.V. GRANOVSKY1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (arcgran@list.ru), B.K. DZHAMUEV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering); I.V. NOSKOV2, Engineer
1 TSNIISK named after V.A. Kucherenko, JSC Research Center of Construction ( 6, bldg. 1, 2nd Institutskaya Street, Moscow, 109428, Russian Federation)
2 Scientific-Production Association 22 (4, bldg. 4, Off. 42 Novokuznetskaya Street, Moscow, 119071, Russian Federation)

To Assessment of Bearing Capacity of Walls From Stone Materials Reinforced with Metallic Mesh Streck® Results of the experimental study of the compressive strength of the masonry of bearing stone structures of buildings from different wall materials (ceramic brick, cellular-concrete blocks, ceramic large-size hollow-aerated stone with over 50% voidness) reinforced with the metallic mesh Streck® manufactured by the Beloretsk factory of meshes and decking, for the action of a static load. The all-metal expanded mesh Streck® is fabricated according to the German technology from the low carbon cold-rolled solid metal sheet of 0.5–2.0 mm thickness by means of notching (cutting) and simultaneous its extension. The use of mesh Streck® makes it possible to increase the bearing capacity of the wall masonry by 10–30% as well as to improve the crack resistance of structures by 20–30%. The mesh is recommended for reinforcing the masonry of bearing and self-bearing (including partitions) building walls in order to improve their bearing capacity and crack resistance.

Keywords: expanded mesh Streck®, compression strength, crack resistance, stone masonry.

For citation: Granovsky A.V., Dzhamuev B.K., Noskov I.V. To assessment of bearing capacity of walls from stone materials reinforced with metallic mesh Streck® . Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).

References
1. Sokolov B.S. Issledovaniya szhatykh elementov kamennykh i armokamennykh konstruktsii [Researches of the compressed elements stone and the armokamennykh of designs]. Moscow: ASV, 2010. 104 p.
2. Sokolov B.S., Antakov A.B., Factory K.A. Complex researches of durability hollow поризованных ceramic stones and layings in case of compression. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov. 2012. No. 5 (34), pp. 65–71. (In Russian).
3. Sokolov B.S. Teoriya silovogo soprotivleniya anizotropnykh materialov szhatiyu i ee prakticheskoe primenenie [Theory of power resistance of anisotropic materials to compression and its practical application]. Moscow: ASV, 2011. 160 p.
4. Granovsky A.V., Seyfulina N.Yu. About a correctness of Baushinger’s coefficient accepted in the joint venture 15.13330.2012 values for a laying of walls from a largeformat ceramic hollow stone. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 8, pp. 66–68. (In Russian).
5. Granovsky A.V., Berestenko of E.I. Otsenk of solidity of a laying of walls from large-format multihollow ceramic stones. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2013. No. 12, pp. 31–33. (In Russian).
6. Derkach V.N., Naychuk A.Ya. Pilot studies of durability of a stone laying from tongue-and-groove silicate blocks. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 6, pp. 77–82. (In Russian).

References
1. Sokolov B.S. Issledovaniya szhatykh elementov kamennykh i armokamennykh konstruktsii [Researches of the compressed elements stone and the armokamennykh of designs]. Moscow: ASV, 2010. 104 p.
2. Sokolov B.S., Antakov A.B., Factory K.A. Complex researches of durability hollow поризованных ceramic stones and layings in case of compression. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov. 2012. No. 5 (34), pp. 65–71. (In Russian).
3. Sokolov B.S. Teoriya silovogo soprotivleniya anizotropnykh materialov szhatiyu i ee prakticheskoe primenenie [Theory of power resistance of anisotropic materials to compression and its practical application]. Moscow: ASV, 2011. 160 p.
4. Granovsky A.V., Seyfulina N.Yu. About a correctness of Baushinger’s coefficient accepted in the joint venture 15.13330.2012 values for a laying of walls from a largeformat ceramic hollow stone. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 8, pp. 66–68. (In Russian).
5. Granovsky A.V., Berestenko of E.I. Otsenk of solidity of a laying of walls from large-format multihollow ceramic stones. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2013. No. 12, pp. 31–33. (In Russian).
6. Derkach V.N., Naychuk A.Ya. Pilot studies of durability of a stone laying from tongue-and-groove silicate blocks. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 6, pp. 77–82. (In Russian).
P.D. ARLENINOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (arleninoff@gmail.com), S.B. KRYLOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) Research Institute of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete ((NIIZHB) named after A.A. Gvozdev, Research Center of Construction (6, bldg.1, 2nd Institutskaya Street, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Structural Solutions for Reducing Forces in Elements of Reinforced Concrete Frame of the Hydropower Station Features of creation of a three-dimensional model of electric premises of the Zeya Hydroelectric Power Station which are a complex facility consisting of reinforced concrete and steel elements are considered. According to the results of the spatial calculation, a significant deficiency (up to several times) of the bearing capacity of most of the structures has been found. The analysis of operation of these structures under load shows that it is more appropriate to increase the lateral rigidity of the building than strengthen individual constructions. Over 50 calculation schemes with various placement of transverse stiffening diaphragms were analyzed and as a result, the number of strengthened structures was managed to reduce by an order.

Keywords: force, electric room, bearing capacity, lateral stiffness of building, stiffening diaphragm, strengthening of structures.

For citation: Arleninov P.D., Krylov S.B. Structural solutions for reducing forces in elements of reinforced concrete frame of the hydropower station. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 7–10. (In Russian).

References
1. Arleninov P.D., Goncharov E.E., Zimnukhov D.V., Krylov S.B., Sagaidak A.I., Shevlyakov K.V. Responsible hydraulic engineering constructions. Experience of inspection. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 1, pp. 20–22. (In Russian).
2. Arleninov P.D. The analysis of various techniques of creation of settlement schemes at computer modeling of the bearing designs. Byulleten’ stroitel’noi tekhniki. 2015. No. 5 (969), pp. 58–59. (In Russian).
3. Bondarenko V.M., Rimshin V.I. Primery rascheta zhelezobetonnykh i kamennykh konstruktsii [Examples of calculation of reinforced concrete and stone designs]. Moskva: ASV, 2014. 539 p.
4. Bondarenko V.M., Rimshin V.I. Residual resource of power resistance of the damaged reinforced concrete. Vestnik Otdeleniya stroitel’nykh nauk Rossiiskoi akademii arkhitektury i stroitel’nykh nauk. 2005. No. 9, pp. 119–126. (In Russian).
5. Ponomarev. V.N., Travush V.I., Bondarenko V.M, Eremin K.I. About need of system approach to scientific research for area complex safety and accident prevention of buildings and constructions. Monitoring. 2014. No. 1, pp. 5–12. (In Russian).
6. Rimshin V.I., Shubin L.I., Savko A.V. Resource of power resistance of reinforced concrete designs of engineering constructions. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2009. No. 5, pp. 483–491. (In Russian).
7. Travush V.I., Kolchunov V.I., Klyueva N.V. Some directions of development of the theory of survivability of buildings and constructions. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2015. No. 3 (59), pp. 4–11. (In Russian).
O.S. SUBBOTIN, Doctor of Architecture (subbos@yandex.ru) Kuban State Agrarian University (13, Kalinina Street, 350044, Krasnodar, Russian Federation)

The Concept of Undergraduate Practice Bachelors, Enrolled in the Training Profile «Building Design» Considered the most important provisions of undergraduate practice bachelors, which is an integral part of the educational process of the university and the further preceding the final qualifying work. The leading role belongs to the main goals and objectives of this practice, the recommendations of graduate manager and supervisors. Particular importance is given to the project documentation, process design and the sphere of professional activity of the future graduates. It reveals the essential characteristics of the student, his attitude to the upcoming practice. Refers to the original data for the design of civil and industrial objects, objects of reconstruction and restoration required for the performance of final qualifying work, according to the chosen theme. Refines the final moments of undergraduate practice, namely the implementation of an educational institution of mandatory klauzury the intended subject, for its evaluation and putting the final mark for the internship.

Keywords: bachelor, undergraduate practice, design, training, knowledge, experience, construction, supervisor, student, object, klauzura.

For citation: Subbotin O.S. The concept of undergraduate practice bachelors, enrolled in the training profile «Building Design». Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 11–17. (In Russian).

References
1. Ilyichev V.A., Kolchunov V.I., Bakaev N.V. Modern architecture – building education in the light of the security tasks in the life of the environment. Zilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 3–9. (In Russian).
2. Subbotin O.S. Innovative materials in Kuban monuments of urban architectural heritage. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2015. No. 11, pp. 35–40. (In Russian).
3. Akin O. Psikhologiya arkhitekturnogo proektirovaniya [Psychology architectural design: translated from English]. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1996. 208 p.
4. Glancey J. Arkhitektura: Velichaishie sooruzheniya mira. Istoriya i stili. Arkhitektory. [Architecture: The greatest buildings in the world. The history and styles. Architects: translated from English]. Moscow: Astrel; Tver: AST, 2006. 512 p. (In Russian).
5. Prina F. Arkhitektura: elementy, formy, materialy: entsiklopediya iskusstva [Architecture: Elements, shapes and materials: Encyclopedia of art]. Moscow: Omega, 2010. 384 p. v6. Subbotin O.S. Positioning of the architect in professional competitions. Kachestvo sovremennykh obrazovatel’nykh uslug – osnova konkurentosposobnosti vuza: sb. statei po materialam mezhfakul’tetskoi uchebno-metodicheskoi konferentsii. Krasnodar: KubSAU, 2016. pp. 110–112.
7. Subbotin O.S. Professional training of engineers-architects in modern conditions. Kachestvo vysshego professional’nogo obrazovaniya v postindustrial’nuyu epokhu: sushchnost’, obespechenie, problemy: materialy 10-i mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. v 2-kh ch. Kazan: KGASU, 2016. Part 1. P. 414–418.
Утепление цокольных и первых этажей эффективной теплоизоляцией ПЕНОПЛЭКС ® – оптимальный выбор для фасадной системы . . . . . . . . . . 18
Уникальные высотные сборные дома в Челябинске спроектированы в Allplan. . . . . . . . . . 20
I.L. KIEVSKY, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), General Director (mail@dev-city.ru), I.B. GRISHUTIN, Head of Emplementation, L.V. KIEVSKY, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Chief Researcher OOO NPTS «City Development» (19, bldg 3, Prospect Mira, 129090, Moscow, Russian Federation) Decentralized Rearrangement of City Blocks (Concept Design Stage)

Rearranging city blocks of the existing development is considered in the article as a necessary and inevitable stage of the city development, that is a complex investment process of converting dispersed urban areas which includes a justified demolish of obsolete residential and non-residential buildings, construction of new comfort housing and objects of social infrastructure on free areas, reconstruction and overhaul repair of saved buildings and supporting systems, complex improvement of the whole territory. The most important stage of the city blocks conversion is the first starting phase - pre-project inspection and analysis of variants, an execution methodology of which, the proposed work is devoted.

Keywords: dispersed urban territories, rearrangement of city blocks, investment process, reconstruction, overhaul repair of buildings, complex improvement, pre-project inspection.

For citation: Kievsky I.L., Grishutin I.B., Kievsky L.V. Decentralized rearrangement of city blocks (concept design stage). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 23–28. (In Russian).

References
1. Valui А.А., Kievskiy I.L., Khorkina Zh.A. Five years of implementation of the state program of Moscow «Housing» and plans for 2016–2018. Zhilishhnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 44–48. (In Russian).
2. Kievskiy L.V., Shul’zhenko S.N., Volkov A.A. The investment policy of the customer – the developer at the stage of organizational preparation of concentrated construction. Vestnik MGSU. 2016. No. 3, pp. 111–121. (In Russian).
3. Shul’zhenko S.N., Kievskiy L.V., Volkov A.A. Improving the methodology for assessing the level of the organizational preparation of areas of concentrated construction. Vestnik MGSU. 2016. No. 3, pp. 135–143. (In Russian).
4. Kievskiy L.V. , Kievskiy I.L. Prioritizing traffic city development framework. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 10, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
5. Kievskiy L.V. Housing reform and private construction sector in Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2000. No. 5, pp. 2–5. (In Russian).
6. Semechkin A.E. Sistemnyi analiz i sistemotekhnika [System analysis and system engineering]. Moscow: SvS-Argus. 2005. 536 p.
7. Kievskiy L.V. Kompleksnost’ i potok (organizatsiya zastroiki mikroraiona) [The complexity and the flow (organization development of the neighborhood)]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1987. 136 p.
8. Kievskiy L.V., Horkina G.А. Realization of priorities of urban policy for the balanced development of Moscow. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 8, pp. 54–57. (In Russian).
9. Gusakova E.A., Pavlov A.S. Osnovy organizatsii i upravleniya v stroitel’stve [Bases of the organization and management in construction]. Moscow: Yurait. 2016. 318 p.
10. Kievskiy L.V., Argunov S.V., Privin V.I., Mezhmach V.R., Kuleshova E.I. Participation of investors in physical infrastructure development of the city. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 1999. No. 5, pp. 21–24. (In Russian).
11. Oleinik P.P. Organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Organization of construction production]. Moscow: ASV. 2010. 576 p.
12. Levkin S.I., Kievskiy L.V. Town planning aspects of the sectoral government programs. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2012. No. 6, pp. 26–33. (In Russian). v13. Shoshinov V.V., Sinenko S.A., Sapozhnikov V.N. Organizatsiya, normirovanie i oplata truda na predpriyatiyakh otrasli [The organization, regulation and compensation at the entities of an industry]. Moscow: Slovo-Sims. 2001. 112 p.
14. Kievskiy L.V. Мultiplicative effects of construction activity. Naukovedenie: Internet-journal. 2014. No. 3 (22), pp. 104–109. (In Russian).
15. Kievskiy L.V., Kievskaya R.L. Influence of town-planning decisions on the markets of real estate. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 6, pp. 27–31. (In Russian).
R.A. SHEPS, Engineer (romansheps@yandex.ru), S.A. JAREMENKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), M.V. AGAFONOV, Bachelor Voronezh State Technical University (84, 20-letiya Oktiabry Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)

Mainstreaming Solar Energy in Design of Thermal Protection of Buildings Currently one of the important directions of energy saving is to reduce the energy consumption of buildings. In this regard, the assessment of the intensity of solar radiation for the central part of Russia on the example of Voronezh and possibilities of the effective use of solar energy for heating of construction object is an urgent task. In this paper, we define the amount of heat delivered to the surface of enclosing structures in the autumn-spring heating period. The plots of dependencies of the intensity of solar radiation on the time of year are presented. The analysis of dependencies of the magnitude of heat gain on the material of the enclosing structure is made. Economic benefits of solar radiation are taken into account when designing thermal protection of buildings. The necessity for accounting the heat gain from the sun when designing enclosing structures of buildings in the central part of the Russian Federation is substantiated. The need for using heat-retaining materials to upgrade the energy efficiency of construction facilities and utilities is shown.

Keywords: heat gain, solar energy, enclosing structures, energy saving.

For citation: Sheps R.A., Jaremenko S.A., Agafonov M.V. Mainstreaming Solar Energy in Design of Thermal Protection of Buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 29–32. (In Russian).

References
1. Shchukina T.V. The absorption capacity of external protections of buildings for the passive use of solar radiation. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2012. No. 9, pp. 66–68. (In Russian).
2. Shchukina T.V. Energy-saving exterior fences for buildings with controlled climate. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2009. No. 4, pp. 48–49. (In Russian).
3. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Theoretical reasons for calculation of reduced thermal resistance of building enclosures. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2010. No. 12, рр. 4–12. (In Russian).
4. Gagarin V.G., Dmitriev K.A. Account of thermal nonuniformities during estimation of thermal performance of building enclosures in Russia and European countries. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2013. No. 6, рр. 14–16. (In Russian).
5. Samarin O.D. The energy balance of public buildings and possible ways of energy saving. Zhilishchnoye stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 8, рр. 2–4. (In Russian).
6. Dylewski Robert, Adamczyk J. Economic and ecological indicators for thermal insulating building investments. Energy and Buildings. 2012. No. 54, рр. 88–95.
7. Allan Hani, Teet-Andrus Koiv. Energy Consumption Monitoring Analysis for Residential, Educational and Public Buildings. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy. Vol. 3. No. 3. 2012, рр. 231–238.
8. Livchak V.I. Duration of the heating season for multystorey dwellings and public buildings. The regime of operation of heating and ventilation systems (considering ISO 13790:2008 and actualized edition of GOST R 13790. Energosberezheniye. 2013. No. 6, рр. 22–27. (In Russian).
9. Naumov A.L.,Smaga G.A., Shilkrot Ye.O. Determination of annual energy consumption for building operation. AVOK. 2010. No. 4, рр. 16–23.
10. Shchukina T.V. Trends of increasing energy supply geoactive buildings. Energosberezhenie. 2009. № 2, pp. 66–70. (In Russian).
11. Turulov V.A. Gelioaktivnye walls of buildings. Moscow: ASV, 2011. 168 p.
12. Bezrukikh P.P., Strebkov D.S. Vozobnovlyaemaya energetika: strategiya, resursy, tekhnologii [Renewable energy: strategy, resources and technologies]. Moscow: GNU VIESH, 2005. 264 p.
13. Shchukina T.V. Solnechnoe teplosnabzhenie zdanii i sooruzhenii [Solar heating of buildings]. Voronezh: VGASU, 2007. 121 p.
14. Shchukina T.V., Chudinov D.M. Research of efficiency of energy active enclosures for passive solar heating. Promyshlennaya energetika. 2007. No. 8, pp. 52–54. (In Russian).
O.D. SAMARIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (samarin-oleg@mail.ru) Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (26, Yaroslavskoye Highway, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)

On Substantiated Definition of Heating Season Boundaries The valid principles at the present time in Russia are considered for determining the moments of the beginning and end of the heating season depending on the behavior of the average daily outdoor temperature. It is shown that the discrepancy between the real mode of operation of heat networks to the required one on the climatic parameters leads to deterioration of indoor climate comfort and to additional material and energy-related costs for artificial cooling. The climate data for April in Moscow are given over the past eight years, allowing to identify the required period of disconnection of centralized heat supply for heating in accordance with the applicable rules. Received date associated with moments of actual termination of air heating, and on the basis of their discrepancy with the required ones the quantitative estimation of thermal energy overexpenditures is made in the relative expression.

Keywords: heating season, heat losses, heat ingresses, temperature, comfort.

For citation: Samarin O.D. On substantiated definition of heating season boundaries. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2,

References
1. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Theoretical reasons for calculation of reduced thermal resistance of building enclosures. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2010. No. 12, рр. 4–12. (In Russian).
2. Gagarin V.G., Dmitriev K.A. Account of thermal nonuniformities during estimation of thermal performance of building enclosures in Russia and European countries. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2013. No. 6, рр. 14–16. (In Russian).
3. Samarin O.D. Energeticheskiy balans grazhdanskikh zdaniy i vozmozhnye napravleniya energosberezheniya [The energy balance of public buildings and possible ways of energy saving]. Zhilishchnoye stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 8, рр. 2–4. (In Russian).
4. Samarin O.D., Fedorchenko Y.D. The Influence of Microclimate Control Systems on the Grade of Maintenance of Internal Air Parameters. Vestnik MGSU. 2011. No. 7, рр. 124–128. (In Russian).
5. Robert Dylewski, Janusz Adamczyk. Economic and ecological indicators for thermal insulating building investments // Energy and Buildings. 2012. No. 54, рр. 88–95.
6. Allan Hani, Teet-Andrus Koiv. Energy Consumption Monitoring Analysis for Residential, Educational and Public Buildings // Smart Grid and Renewable Energy. Vol. 3. No. 3. 2012, рр. 231–238.
7. Jedinák Richard. Energy Efficiency of Building Envelopes // Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 855). 2013, рр. 39–42.
8. Livchak V.I. Duration of the heating season for multystorey dwellings and public buildings. The regime of operation of heating and ventilation systems (considering ISO 13790:2008 and actualized edition of GOST R 13790. Energosberezheniye. 2013. No. 6, рр. 22–27. (In Russian).
9. Naumov A.L.,Smaga G.A., Shilkrot Ye.O. Determination of annual energy consumption for building operation. AVOK. 2010. No. 4, рр. 16–23. (In Russian).
T.A. KORNILOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (kornt@mail.ru), G.N. GERASIMOV, Engineer M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (58, Belinsky Street, Yakutsk, 677000, Russian Federation)

Energy-Efficient Solutions of the External Wall Connection with the Basement Floor of Low-Rise Buildings of Light Steel Thin-Walled Structures (LSTS) in the Far North The temperature conditions ensuring of the light steel thin-walled structures (LSTS-buildings) is more complicated in the basement of the high air infiltration if there is a ventilated underground, a large number of heat-conducting steel components and difficult assembly conditions in the far North. Efficiency procedures taking into account the extreme climatic conditions were designed for the corner joints design of external walls with the basement floor. Construction of reinforced concrete basement floor using thermal liner of wooden log or blocks of autoclaved aerated concrete is proposed in the construction of low-rise LSTS-buildings in the central regions of Yakutia. Recommended stepped position of thermal lines between the steel frame units and basement floor allows overlapping the joints of thermal insulation materials with other structural elements to reduce air infiltration influence. Temperature values in the fragments of different variants of the corner joints of external walls with a basement floor were obtained by means of the program of calculation of three-dimensional temperature field. The most possible solutions of the joints provide thermal protection of LSTS-buildings are selected based on the analysis of temperature fields and thermal measures. It is shown that the LSTS-elements of the steel frame are placed in the area with positive temperature. Application of laminated wood beams with stepped cross-section is proposed in the distant Yakut areas. Calculations of temperature fields in connection with the laminated beams using showed the compliance of the thermal measures of standard requirements on thermal protection of buildings.

Keywords: light steel thin-walled structures, basement floor, infiltration, temperature, cold bridges.

For citation: Kornilov T.A., Gerasimov G.N. Energy-efficient solutions of the external wall connection with the basement floor of low-rise buildings of light steel thin-walled structures (LSTS) in the Far North. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 36–41. (In Russian).

References
1. KornilovT.A., Gerasimov G.N. Some errors of design and construction of low-rise buildings of light steel thin-walled structures in the Far North. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2015. No. 3, pp. 42–46. (In Russian).
2. Samarin O.D. To a question of determination of temperature in an external corner of the building. Construction physics in the XXI century. Materials of scientific and technical conference. Moscow: NIISF RAASN. 2006, pp. 104–107. (In Russian).
3. Danilov N.D. The temperature regime is basement floor in buildings with underground cold . Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 1999. No. 10, pp. 24–26. (In Russian).
4. Danilov N.D., Fedotov P.A. Analysis of the influence of corner joints on heat loss of external walls. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2015. No. 8, pp. 14–17. (In Russian).
5. Danilov N.D., Sobakin, A.A. Optimum insulation of the wall junction of frame-monolithic buildings with ventilated cellars. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2016. No. 1–2, pp. 28–31. (In Russian).
6. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. The requirements to the thermal protection and energy efficiency in the project of the actualizationed SNiP «Thermal protection of the buildings». Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2011. No. 8. C. 2–6. (In Russian).
7. Gagarin V.G., Dmitriev K.A. Accounting of thermal inhomogeneities in the assessment of the thermal protection of enclosing structures In Russia and European countries. Stroitelnye materialy [Building materials]. 2013. No. 6, рр. 14–16. (In Russian).
8. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V., Sadchikov A.V. Accounting longitudinal filtration of air in the evaluation of the thermal protection wall with ventilated facade. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2005. No. 6, pp. 42–45. (In Russian).
9. KornilovT.A., Gerasimov G.N. Exterior walls of low-rise buildings from of light steel thin-walled structures in the Far North. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2016. No. 7, pp. 20–24. (In Russian).
S.А. SYCHEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (sasychev@ya.ru) Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (4, 2-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya Street, 190005, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)

Technology Of High-speed Installation Of Prefabricated Buildings Of A High-tech Building Systems The goal is to find the optimal combination of decisions which will allow to create a building with maximum energy efficient line of industrial «clean» speed of erection of prefabricated buildings from high-tech systems, considering climate and natural conditions of the area, functionality, architectural preferences and requirements of normative documents. Activities aimed at fulfilling the above requirements imply the implementation of complex space-planning, design, and technological solutions, and modern engineering equipment. Thus, the integrated use of the basic provisions in practice is a system of erecting prefabricated buildings with pre-prepared foundations, roads, landscaping and utilities networks that allow high-speed construction of buildings of high-tech systems and operational connection of the building to the prepared networks. The integrative character of the «pure» construction poses experts the task individually in each specific cases, ensures sustainable development and is often innovative. The formation of a high-speed method of installation is to find rational solutions through continuous analysis of components of organizational and technological structures.

Keywords: quick build, standardized modular design, prefabricated in the factory, prefabricated modular buildings, high speed of construction, the project of manufacture of works, logistics, quality control, precision control.

For citation: Sychev S.А. Technology Of High-speed Installation Of Prefabricated Buildings Of A High-tech Building Systems. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 42–46. (In Russian).

References
1. Day A. When modern buildings are built offsite. Building engineer. 2010. No. 86 (6), pp. 18–19.
2. Allen E., Iano J. Fundamentals of building construction: Materials and methods. J. Wiley & Sons. 2004, 28 p.
3. Fudge J., Brown S. Prefabricated modular concrete construction. Building engineer. 2011. No. 86 (6), pp. 20–21.
4. Staib G., Dörrhöfer A., Rosenthal M. Components and systems:Modular construction: Design, structure, new technologies. Institut für internationale Architektur- Dokumentation, München, 2008. 34 p.
5. Knaack U., Chung-Klatte Sh., Hasselbach R. Prefabricated systems: Principles of construction. De Gruyter. 2012. 67 p.
6. Asaul A.N., Kazakov Ju.N., Bykov B.L., Knjaz’ I.P., Erofeev P.Ju. Teorija i praktika ispol’zovanija bystrovozvodimyh zdanij [The theory and practice of use of the fast-built buildings]. Saint-Petersburg: Gumanistika, 2004. 463 р.
7. Afanas’ev A.A. Tehnologija vozvedenija polnosbornyh zdanij [Technology of construction of prefabrication buildings]. Moscow: ASV, 2000. 287 р.
8. Sychev S.A. System analysis technology of high-speed construction in Russia and abroad. Perspektivy nauki. 2015. No. 9, pp. 45–53. (In Russian).
9. Afanas’ev A.V., Afanas’ev V.A. Organizacija stroitel’stva bystrovozvodimyh zdanij i sooruzhenij. Bystrovozvodimye I mobil’nye zdanija i sooruzhenija: perspektivy ispol’zovanija v sovremennyh uslovijah [The organization of construction of the fast-built buildings and constructions. The fast-built and mobile buildings and constructions: prospects of use in modern conditions]. Saint-Petersburg: Strojizdat, 1998, рр. 226–230.
10. Verstov V.V., Badyin G.M. Features of design and construction of buildings and constructions in St. Petersburg. Vestnik gragdanskih ingenerov. 2010. No. 1, рр. 96–105. (In Russian).
11. Sychev S.A. Modelirovanie tekhnologicheskikh protsessov uskorennogo montazha zdanii iz modul’nykh sistem. Montazhnye i special’nye raboty v stroitel’stve. 2015. No. 11, pp. 18–25. (In Russian).
N.S. SOKOLV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (forstnpf@mail.ru), S.N. SOKOLOV, Engineer, Deputy Director for reseach, A.N. SOKOLOV, Engineer, Deputy Director for production OOO NPF «FORST» (109a, Kalinina Street, 428000, Cheboksary, Russian Federation) Application of Bored-Injection Piles When Strengthening Building Foundations Bored-injection piles manufactured according to the electric discharge technologies (EDT-piles) show high efficiency when strengthening foundations of reconstructed and dangerous buildings. EDT-piles comparing with other bored-injection and bored piles have higher values of bearing capacity both by soil and material. The article presents the examples of foundation bases strengthening when settlements of reinforced concrete pile foundations were 150 mm and pre-emergency situations took place and the further operation of a building was difficult. It is shown that due to the application bored-injection EDT-piles, the prevention of emergency situations was possible at these objects.

Keywords: bearing capacity, electric-discharge technology (EDT), bored-injection piles, reinforced concrete frame, bridge crane, tilt of building frame, thixotropy, pile field.

For citation: Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Application of bored-injection piles when strengthening building foundations. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 47–51. (In Russian).

References
1. Patent RF 2318961. Razryadnoe ustroistvo dlya izgotovleniya nabivnoi svai [Discharge device for the manufacture of bored pile]. N.S. Sokolov, V.Yu. Tavrin, V.A. Abramushkin. Declared 29.12.2005. Published 10.03. 2008. Bulletin No. 7. (In Russian).
2. Patent RF 2318960. Sposob vozvedeniya nabivnoi svai [The method of construction bored pile]. N.S. Sokolov, V.M. Ryabinov, V.Y. Tavrin, V.A. Abramushkin. Declared 14.07.2003. Published 10.033.2008. Bulletin No. 7. (In Russian).
3. Patent RF 2250958. Ustroistvo dlya izgotovleniya nabivnoi svai [The device for production of a stuffed pile]. N.S. Sokolov, V.Yu. Tavrin, V.A. Abramushkin. Declared 14.07.2003. Published 27.04. 2005. Bulletin No. 12. (In Russian).
4. Patent RF 2250957. Sposob vozvedeniya nabivnoi svai [The method of1production of a stuffed pile]. N.S. Sokolov, V.Yu. Tavrin, V.A. Abramushkin. Declared 14.07.2003. Published 27.04. 2005. Bulletin No. 12. (In Russian).
5. Patent RF 2282936. Generator impul’snykh tokov [Generator of pulse currents]. N.S. Sokolov, Yu.P. Pichugin. Declared 4.02.2005. Published 27.08. 2006. Bulletin No. 24. (In Russian).
6. Russian Federation patent for plezny model No. 161650. Ustroistvo dlya kamufletnogo ushireniya nabivnoi konstruktsii v grunte [The device for camouflage broadening of a stuffed design in soil]. N.S. Sokolov, H.A. Dzhantimirov, M.V. Kuzmin, S.N. Sokolov, A.N. Sokolov. Declared 16.03.2015. Published 27.04.2016. Bulletin No. 2. (In Russian).
7. Sokolov N.S. Metod of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsionnykh svay-RIT taking into account «thrust bearings». Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International) the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstruction» conference (NASKR-2014). 2014. Cheboksary, pp. 407–411. (In Russian).
8. Sokolov N.S., Viktorovа S.S., Fedorovа T.G. Piles of the raised bearing capability. Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International) the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstruction» conference (NASKR-2014). Cheboksary. 2014, pp. 411–415. (In Russian).
9. Sokolov N.S., Petrov M.V., Ivanov V.A. Calculation problems the buroinjektsionnykh of the piles made with use of digit and pulse technology. Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International) the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstruction» conference (NASKR-2014). Cheboksary. 2014, pp. 415–420. (In Russian).
10. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About one method of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsi-onnykh svay-ERT. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2015. No. 1, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
11. Sokolov N.S. Technological Methods of Installation of Bored- Injection Piles with Multiple Enlargements. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 54–57. (In Russian).
12. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. Technique of Construction of Bored-Injection Piles of Increased Bearing Capacity Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 9, pp. 30–32. (In Russian).
L.A. AMINOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (info@dalniis.ru), O.V.DOBUDKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), N.E. ROSTOVSKAYA, Engineer Branch of FGBU “TSNIIP Minstroya Rossii”, Far-Eastern Research, Design andTechnology Institute for Construction (DalNIIS) (14, Borodinskaya Street, 690033, Vladivostok, Russian Federation) Engineering-Geological Conditions of Construction Areas of the Mainland of Far-Eastern South

Classification of Manual Guide to SP 22.13330.2011 “SNiP 2.02.01-83* Footings of buildings and structures” is based on the lithological types of soils characteristic for the European part of Russia and significantly differs from lithological differences of soils of the Far Eastern Region. The article presents the nine main types of engineering-geological conditions of the Far Eastern South, distinctive features of which are following: development of temporarily perched ground water, marshiness of the territory, availability of complex formation of soils with different indexes of compressibility and development of oxbow deposits, presence of turfs and silts in the vertical cut.

Keywords: relief, geological-lithological structure, hydrogeological conditions, physical-geological processes, geomorphology, land use engineering, foundation types.

For citation: Aminova L.A., Dobudko O.V., Rostovskaya N.E. Engineering-geological conditions of construction areas of the mainland of far-Eastern South. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 47–51. (In Russian).

References
1. A grant on projection of foundations of buildings and constructions (to Construction Norms and Regulations 2.02.01–83). Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1986. 59 р.
2. Abramov S.P. 0 classifications of territories of the production enterprises with wet technological process on their potential contour-nyaemosti. Promyshlennoe stroitelstvo. 1972. No. 9, pp. 34–37. (In Russian).
3. Markin B.P. To a question of classification of territories of the production enterprises for their potential obvodnyaemost. Promyshlennoe stroitelstvo. 1973. No. 10, pp. 23–25. (In Russian).
4. Galkin A.N. Typification litotekhnicheskikh of systems: condition of a problem and way of its decision. Ingenernaya geologiya. 2009. No. 3, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).
5. Galkin A.N. About new approach to engineering-geological typification the litotekhnicheskikh of systems of the territory of Belarus. Ingenernaya geologiya. 2014. No. 3, pp. 46–59. (In Russian).
S.V. IL’VITSKAYA1, Doctor of Architecture, (ilvitskaya@mail.ru); I.V. DUNICHKIN2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (ecse@bk.ru)
1 State University of Land Use Planning (15, Kazakova Street, 105064, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 National Research State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoye Highway, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Interrelation of Design Principles of Cult and Residential Buildings in Traditions of Vedic Vastu Architecture The study of issues of the theory and history of architecture, which consider ancient sources, records about the architecture of Hindustan and the architectural heritage in the architecture of cult and residential buildings on the territory of contemporary India and neighbor countries, is presented. The separation of traditions of the Vedic architecture in ancient manuscripts under the unifying name of Vastu-Shastra is revealed. Writings of the Indian architect, scientist, doctor Ganapati Sthapati as well as publication of his disciples are presented. The interrelation of design recommendations of the Vastu tradition with the proportioning and orientation to the cardinal points is shown. Common features between traditions of Vastu in India and Feng Shui as well as between proportions of cult buildings of other confessions are presented. General principles of the design for cult and residential buildings in Vastu tradition are determined. An example of the contemporary design of an individual residential house for a family in accordance with the Vastu tradition made by the Indian architect Beloy Godhoy is presented. The conclusion about the necessity of studying the degree of influence of the Indian climate on the recommendations concerning the orientation of buildings and premises is made.

Keywords: vedic architecture, cult buildings, residential buildings, sacred architecture.

For citation: Il’vitskaya S.V., Dunichkin I.V. Interrelation of design principles of cult and residential buildings in traditions of vedic Vastu architecture. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 55–59. (In Russian).

References
1. Igelnik L.M. Indiiskii Vastu i kitaiskii Fen-shui [Indian Vastu and Chinese Feng Shui.] Moscow: Profit Style. 2003. 336 p.
2. Joshua J. Mark. Ancient India // Ancient History Encyclopedia. 2012. http://www.ancient.eu/india/ (date of accsess 10.12.2016).
3. Ganapati Sthapati V. Building Architecture of Sthapatya Veda. India.: Publ. h. Dakshinaa. 2008. 400 p.
4. Ganapati Sthapati V. Indian Sculpture & Iconography. Forms and Measurements. India.: Mapin Publishing Pvt. 2006. 500 p.
5. Shyazi O. Istoriya arkhitektury [Нistory of architecture]. In 2 Volumes. Vol. 1. Trans. from French V. Shevchuk. Moscow: Publ. h. All-Union Academy of Architecture. 2002. 592 p.
6. Ilvitskaya S.V., Okhlyabinin S.D., Danilenko I.A. Glossarii arkhitekturno-stroitel’nykh terminov i nauchnykh definitsii v oblasti istorii arkhitektury i restavratsii pamyatnikov arkhitektury [Glossary of architectural terms and definitions in the field of research the history of architecture and restoration of architectural monuments]. Moscow: GUZ. 2015. 153 p.
7. Neapolitanski S.M., Matveev S.A. Sekrety vedicheskoi arkhitektury. [Secrets of Vedic Architecture]. Moscow: Amrita. 2013. 288 p.
8. Dunichkin I.V., Lifschitz V.M. Research impacted temple «Sri Sri Radha Gopinath Mandir». Estestvenie i tekhnicheskie nayki. 2014. № 11–12 (78), pp. 437–439. (In Russian).
9. Ilvitskaya S.V. Evolyutsiya pravoslavnoi kul’tovoi arkhitektury. [Evolution of the Orthodox religious architecture]. Moscow.: GUZ. 2011. 96 p.
10. Dunichkin I.V., Lifschitz V.M. Pilgrimage Center «Radkhakynd». Estestvenie i tekhnicheskie nayki. 2014. № 11–12 (78), pp. 440–442. (In Russian).
11. Shastri K.P. Vedicheskaya arkhitektura Vastu. Printsipy stroitel’stva vashego ideal’nogo doma [Vedic Vastu architecture. The principles of the construction of your ideal home] Tomsk: NP «Vedichesky tekhnology», 2014. 224 p.
12. Ilvitskaya S.V. Arkhitektura mirovykh konfessii. [The architecture of the world’s religions]. Moscow: GUZ. 2016. 400 p.
13. Ilvitskaya S.V. Orthodox Monasterial Complex in Contemporary Sociocultural Environment. Analecta Husserliana. The Yearbook of Phenomenological Research. Volume CII. Memory in the Ontopoiesis of Life. Book 2 Memory in the Orbit of the human Creative Existence. The World Institute for Advanced Phenomenological Research and Learning. Hanover. USA.: Publ. h. Springer. 2009, рр. 301–306.
14. Sokolova O.M. Postulaty Brakhmarishi Maiyana [Postulates Brahmarishi Maya]. USA: Mandodari Int. 2010. 152 p.
15. Godha B. Vastu Awas. INDIA. India.: Publ. h. MANJUL. 2008. 89 p.
A.V. SOSNIN, Engineer (syabryauskas@mail.ru) Moscow State University of Railway Engineering, Smolensk Branch (45, Belyaeva Street, Smolensk, 214012, Russian Federation)

About a Refinement Procedure of Seismic-Force-Reduction Factor K1 using a Pushover Curve for Earthquake-Resistance Estimation of RC LSC Frame Buildings A relationship between R-factor used in the world design earthquake engineering practice and seismic-force-reduction factor K1 which is used in Response Spectrum Technique of updated editions of Seismic Building Design Code II-7–81 was analyzed by the author. A step-by-step engineering algorithm for K1-factor refinement (in SP 14.13330 formulation) of large-scale-construction (LSC) frame buildings and structures using a Pushover curve is suggested. The nonlinear static procedure «А» of Capacity Spectrum Method based at ATC-40 (Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings; 1996) and SAP2000 v.17.1 computational features were used for creation of a Pushover curve. Scholar school experimental results of Central Research and Design Institute of Residential and Public Buildings (Moscow) during development the algorithm are used by the author.

Keywords: large-scale-construction (LSC) projects, response spectrum method, seismic-force-reduction factor K1 (in Seismic Building Design Code SP 14.13330 formulation), response-modification coefficient R, Pushover curve, nonlinear static (Pushover) analysis, SAP2000.

For citation: Sosnin A.V. About a Refinement Procedure of SeismicForceReduction Factor K1 using a Pushover Curve for EarthquakeResistance Estimation of RC LSC Frame Buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 60–70. (In Russian).

References
1. Mkrtychev O.V., Dzhinchvelashvili G.А. Problemy ucheta nelineinostei v teorii seismostoikosti (gipotezy i zabluzhdeniya) [Problems of nonlinearities in earthquakeresistance theory (hypotheses and errors)]. Moscow: MSUCE Publ. 2012. 192 p.
2. Sosnin A.V. About Refinement of seismic-force-reduction factor K1 and it coherence with response modification technique directed by the spectrum method (in order of discussion). Vestnik grazhdanskih inzhenerov. 2017. No. 1 (61) February. (In Russian).
3. Sosnin A.V. About shear walls parameters of reinforced concrete frame buildings for erecting in seismic areas (on calculation of results of a multi-storey residential building by pushover analysis using software SAP2000). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 4, pp. 17–25. (In Russian).
4. Dzhinchvelashvili G.А., Sosnin А.V. Some Features Analysis of constructions nonlinear response in seismic building codes. 71-st Scientific-methodological and scientificresearch conference (with international youth participation). Subsection «Building mechanics and the theory of structural reliability». January 29 – February 7, 2013. Moscow: MSARTU Publ. 2013, pp. 67–69. (In Russian).
5. Dzhinchvelashvili G.А., Mkrtychev O.V., Sosnin А.V. General provisions analysis of the seismic building design code SP 14.13330.2011 «SNiP II-7–81*. Construction in Seismic Areas». Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 9, pp. 17–21. (In Russian).
6. Belov N.N., Kabantsev O.V., Kopanitsa D.G., YUgov N.T. Raschetno-eksperimental’nyi metod analiza dinamicheskoi prochnosti elementov zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Calculation-experimental method for analysis of RC structures dynamic strength]. Tomsk: STT Publ. 2008. 292 p.
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12. Abdollahzadeh Gh., Kambakhsh A.M. Height effect on response modification factor of open chevron eccentrically braced frames. Iranica Journal of Energy & Environment. 2012. No. 3 (1), pp. 89–94. DOI:10.5829/idosi.ijee.2012.03.01.2559.
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19. Rekomendacii po ocenke nadjozhnosti stroitel’nyh konstrukcij zdanij i sooruzhenij po vneshnim priznakam [Guidelines for constructions reliability evaluation of buildings and structures by external parameters]. Moscow: Central Research Institute of Plant Buildings and Constructions. 2001. 53 p.
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