Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №4

Table of contents

I.I. AKULOVA, Doctor of Sciences (Economics) ( Voronezh State Technical University (84, 20-let Oktyabrya Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)

Research and Account for Consumer Preferences at the Real Estate Market as a Basis for Formation of Efficient Urban Planning Policy Problems of forming of effective urban policy of the region on the basis of accounting of interests of potential buyers of housing are considered. The main directions of studies of consumer preferences at the market of the residential real estate are designated: the area of the dwelling, its layout, including the number of rooms, degree of readiness and quality of finishing, ecological compatibility, a location in relation to the center of the settlement, number of storeys and a type of wall material of a residential object, providing with a social infrastructure, acceptable cost and the preferable financial acquisition scheme. The generalized results of such research for conditions of the Voronezh Oblast received by questioning of various social groups of the population are given. The main strategic directions of effective urban policy of the region are formulated: formation of zones of a city and suburban construction of low-rise housing, growth in volumes of individual housing construction, creation of the mixed high density urban development with a reasonable combination of buildings of various number of storeys, increase in affordability of housing on the basis of broad use of resource-saving architectural and construction systems of residential buildings are allocated among them.

Keywords: urban development policy, consumer preferences, housing market, formation of zones of city and suburban construction of low-rise housing, individual housing construction, mixed high-density urban development, housing affordability.

For citation: Akulova I.I. Research and account for consumer preferences at the real estate market as a basis for formation of efficient urban planning policy. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 3–6 (In Russian).

1. Mityagin S.D. Methodological fundamentals of urban policy and basic provisions of the state strategy of the spatial organization of the Russian Federation. Vestnik. Zodchii 21 vek. 2012. No. 1 (42), рр. 8–13. (In Russian).
2. Akulova I.I. Efficiency of number of storeys of the residential development of the large cities. Problemy ekonomiki i menedzhmenta. 2016. No. 5 (57), рр. 14–19. (In Russian).
3. Akulova I.I., Sviridova E. O. Reasons for content of marketing researches for acceptance of management decisions in system of a regional construction complex. Problemy ekonomiki i menedzhmenta. 2015. No. 5 (45), рр. 31–34. (In Russian).
4. Sviridova E.O. Marketing researches of the regional market of the residential real estate (on the example of the Voronezh region). Ekonomika i upravlenie: analiz tendentsii i perspektiv razvitiya. 2015. No. 20, рр. 49–55. (In Russian).
5. Volkova T.F. Differentiation of modern housing and residential environment of the large city. Sovremennye nauchnye issledovaniya i innovatsii. 2015. No. 3–5 (47), рр. 56–61. (In Russian).
6. Sidorenko V.F., Abros’kina N.V., Sidorenko I.V. Ecological building as factor of ecological justice. Sotsiologiya goroda. 2012. No. 4, рр. 64–70. (In Russian).
7. Buzyrev V.V., Dubrovskaya I.V. Realization of housing policy in Russia: prospects and risks. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2014. No. 3 (51), рр. 238–240. (In Russian).
8. Kalabin A.V. Typology of residential buildings of small and average number of storeys: current state. Akademicheskii vestnik UralNIIproekt RAASN. 2014. No. 1, рр. 63–69. (In Russian).
9. Chernyshov E.M., Akulova I.I., Kukhtin Yu.A. Resource-saving architectural and construction systems for residential buildings. Gradostroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 5, рр. 70–73. (In Russian).
I.L. KIEVSKY, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), General Director (, R.R. ABYANOV, Candidate of Sciences (Economic), Senior Researcher OOO NPTS “Razvitie Goroda” (structure 3, 19, Mira Avenue, 129090, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Main Features of Mortgage Credit Lending in 2016 Main features of mortgage credit lending are analyzed. The dynamics of mortgage loans in monetary and quantitative terms are considered. The dynamics of mortgage housing credits granted in foreign currency is studied separately. The city of Moscow, Moscow Oblast, and the city of Saint-Petersburg are presented as main examples of regional markets of mortgage credit lending. The ratio of the volume of overdue loans with the total mortgage debt and the dynamics of potentially possible volume of housing which can be purchased on the annual sum of mortgage housing loans in the Russian Federation as a whole and on territories of these regions is also analyzed. The tendency of reduction in the gross domestic product characterized by a slowdown in the decline by the end of 2016 is considered as one of the main macroeconomic factors influencing on the mortgage housing lending. The interest rate subsidy is a tool of the state support of mortgage lending at present.

Keywords: mortgage housing lending, funding, securitization, debt on mortgage housing loans, mortgage-related securities, multiplicative effect.

For citation: Kievsky I.L., Abyanov R.R. Main features of mortgage credit lending in 2016. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 7–12. (In Russian).

1. «CITY DEVELOPMENT». Edited by Kievskiy L.V. Moscow: SvR-ARGUS. 2005. 232 p.
2. Viktorova E.D. Prospects of development of mortgage lending. Den’gi i kredit. 2009. No. 6, pp. 27–30. (In Russian).
3. Eliseeva T.V Optimizacija normativov ipotechnogo kreditovanija [Optimization of standards of mortgage lending]. St. Petersburg: Jurisprudencija Publ. 2010. 128 p.
4. Moiseev A.K., Cherkovec M.V. The forecast of development of mortgage lending in Russia taking into account socioeconomic factors. Problemy prognozirovanija. 2014. No. 5, pp.112–118. (In Russian).
5. Luk’janov A.V. Analysis of the market of mortgage lending. Den’gi i kredit. 2010. No. 8, pp. 47–50. (In Russian).
6. Abyanov R.R., Shcheglov V.A. Complex assessment of multiplicative effects of construction activity. Gradostroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 1(29), pp. 52–57. (In Russian).
7. Levkin S.I., Kievskiy L.V., Shirov A.A. Multiplicative effect of Moscow building complex. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 3, pp. 3–9. (In Russian).
8. Kievskiy L.V. Мultiplicative effects of construction activity. Naukovedenie: Internet-journal. 2014. No. 3(22), pp. 104–109. (In Russian).
9. Kievskiy L.V., Kievskiy I.L., Abyanov R.R., Shcheglov V.A. Vklad stroitel’nogo kompleksa Moskvy i Rossii v ekonomiku [Contribution of a construction complex of Moscow and Russia to economy]. Saarbruecken. Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbY&Co.KG. 2015. 92 p.
10. Kievskiy L.V., Kievskiy I.L. Multiplier effects of the Moscow construction complex. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research. 2016. Vol. 11. No. 1, pp. 304–311.
11. Kievskiy L.V., Kievskaya R.L. Influence of town-planning decisions on the markets of real estate. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 6, pp. 27–31. (In Russian). v12. Kievskiy L.V., Horkina G.А. Realization of priorities of urban policy for the balanced development of Moscow. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 8, pp. 54–57. (In Russian).
13. Kievskiy L.V. Housing reform and private construction sector in Russia. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2000. No. 5, pp. 2–5. (In Russian).
14. Kievskiy L.V., Kievskiy I.L. Prioritizing traffic city development framework. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 10, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
O.V. ORELSKAYA, Doctor of Architecture ( Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (65 Il’inskaya Street, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)

Artistic Quest in Practice of Mass Housing Construction of the XXI Century in Nizhny Novgorod The article is an analytical review of the present stage of development of the mass housing architecture in Nizhny Novgorod. At present, it is necessary to comprehend modern creative approaches to the artistic aspect of designing of mass urban housing. The analysis of the experience on some concrete examples makes it possible to determine main ways and directions of searches of Nizhny Novgorod architects. The shortage of plastic means of the artistic arsenal in the latest architecture of the beginning of the XXI century in the mass housing construction under the conditions of economic downturn naturally led to the increased attention to coloristic solutions of facades of multi-storey urban residential buildings. Of course, this trend in the architecture of the last decade is relevant and worth studying in detail. The article analyzes three creative approaches, “structural”, “decorative”, and “figurative-symbolical”, which make it possible to solve problems of the artistic side of the urban housing architecture.

Keywords: architecture of multi-storey residential buildings, artistic searches, coloristic solutions.

For citation: Orelskaya O.V. Artistic quest in practice of mass housing construction of the xxi century in Nizhny Novgorod. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 13–16. (In Russian).

1. Kaydalova Е.В. Modern inhabited architecture in the historic center of N. Novgorod: town-planning aspect. Nizhny Novgorod project. 2003. No. 1, рр. 28–29. (In Russian).
2. Kudryavtsev A.P. Osnovnoi doklad prezidenta RAASN. Otchet o deyatel’nosti Rossiiskoi akademii arkhitektury i stroitel’nykh nauk za 2004–2008 gody [Main report of the president of PAACH. The report on activity of the Russian academy of architecture and construction sciences for 2004–2008]. Moscow: Arkhitektura-S, 2009. 40 p.
3. Hudin A.A. Modern domestic mass dwelling. Vestnik Volzhskogo regional’nogo otdeleniya RAASN. N. Novgorod: NNGASU, 2015. Issue 18, pp. 64–68. (In Russian).
4. Robezhnik L.V. Modern opportunities of correction tsvetoplasticheskikh of characteristics of fragments of the architectural environment. Vestnik novgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. Yaroslava Mudrogo. 2015. No. 1 (84), pp. 195–198. (In Russian).
5. Yefimov A.V., Panova of N.G. Koloristik of the city. Theory and practice. Analysis of features of color schemes of the architectural environment. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Rossii. 2015. No. 6, pp. 24–33. (In Russian).
6. Mastyaeva A.V., Lagunskaya E.V., Fazlutdinova T.E. An ecological assessment of the visual environment on the example of Orenburg. Nauka i sovremennost’. 2016. No. 43, pp. 28–32. (In Russian).
7. Galchenko S.V., Posevin Yu.M. An ecological assessment of the visual environment on the example of Ryazan. Ekologicheskii vestnik Rossii. 2015. No. 3, pp. 46–49. (In Russian).
8. Kalikhman A.D. Functionality and an esthetics of hinged front systems in Irkutsk. Dizain. Teoriya i praktika. 2012. No. 10, pp. 85–94. (In Russian).
9. Istomin B.S., Kolesnikov T.N., Kuptsova E.V. Problems of architecture of the environmentally friendly dwelling from a video ecology position. Biosfernaya sovmestimost’: chelovek, region, tekhnologii. 2016. No. 3 (15), pp. 74–81. (In Russian).
10. Griber Yu.A. Japanese model of city coloring. Urbanistika. 2016. No. 1, pp. 1–8. (In Russian).
A.Yu. VARFOLOMEEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) Bureau of judicial and construction examination, OOO (74, office 213, Novgorodsky Avenue, Arkhangelsk, 163000, Russian Federation)

Complex Analysis of Technical Conditions of Apartment Buildings on the Solovetsky Islands The paper briefly describes the European residential building stock and the foreign experience of scientific and production cooperation that confirms the relevance of research on the refurbishment and reconstruction of the existing residential buildings both in Russia and in other countries. The paper is based on the results of engineering surveys of 39 apartment buildings obtained in 2015–2016 at Solovetsky Island. Descriptions of technical, architectural and design solutions, defects, damages and the refurbishment activities are presented. Results of this paper is to be implemented during the detailed development of measures in order to modernize the residential building stock on the Solovetsky Islands. Common measures were approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 163-r of 05.02.2016.

Keywords: housing, comprehensive analysis, Solovki, reconstruction, refurbishment, brick houses, wooden houses.

For citation: Varfolomeev A.Yu. The Technical Conditions of Appartment Buildings on the Solovetsky Islands. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo (Housing Construc- tion). 2017. № 4, pp. 17-24. (In Russian).

1. Hakkinen T. Systematic method for the sustainability analysis of refurbishment concepts of exterior walls. Construction and Building Materials. 2012. No. 37, pp. 783–790.
2. Nemry F., Uihlein A., Makishi C., Wittstock B., Brausen A., Wetzel C., et al. IMPRO-buildings. 2008. Environmental improvement potentials of residential buildings (IMPROBuilding). JRC Scientific and technical reports. EUR 23493 EN – 2008.
3. Hakkinen T., editor. Sustainable refurbishment of exterior walls and building facades Final report A – Background and Methods. VTT Technology; 2012. 316 p.
4. Lukovtseva A.K. Foreign experience of organization and development of small and medium-sized innovative business. Audit i finansovyj analiz. 2011. No. 1, pp. 374–377. (In Russian).
5. EPD. Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings; 2010.
6. Itard L., Meijer F., Vrins E., Hoiting H. Building renovation and modernization in Europe: state of the art review. Final report; 2008.
7. Koukkari H., Braganca L. Towards energy-efficient buildings in Europe. Eco-efficiency. Environmental performance of constructions. 2011. p. 257–271.
8. Pulakka S., Vares S., Rekola M., Hakkinen T. The significance of refurbishment of external walls in European context in terms of environmental and economic impacts. SUSREF Deliverable 5.3.
9. Vinogradov A.I., Leontyev V.V. Reconstruction of mass residential development of large and extra-large cities as a most important condition of a successful solution to the housing problem in Russia at the present stage of development. Biosfernaja sovmestimost’: chelovek, region, technologii. 2015. No. 1, pp. 39–51. (In Russian).
10. Ibragimov A.M., Semenov A.S. The relationship between the physical deterioration and the technical condition of constructions of housing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 7, pp. 53–55. (In Russian).
11. Volynskov V.E. On the Need for Modernization of the Five- Storey Typical Residential Fund of the Russian Federation. Academia. Architectura i stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 4, pp. 71–75. (In Russian).
12. Bukin S.N. The analysis of well-grounded reasons for situational zoning of the housing stock in block of flats to its area and actual age in Penza region. Fundamental’nye Issledovanija. 2014. No. 6, pp. 298–302. (In Russian).
13. Podzhivotov V.P., Hohlov A.A. Principles of organization of reconstruction of residential buildings. Stroitelnie Materiali [Construction Materials]. 2006. No. 12, pp. 74–76. (In Russian).
14. Anisimov V.A. Reconstruction of housing: directions, requirements, prospects. Trudy Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta (SIBSTRIN). 2011. No. 2, pp. 5–10. (In Russian).
15. Sheina S.G., Martynova E.V. Assessment of energy potential stock of a municipal formation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 8, pp. 28–31. (In Russian).
16. Varfolomeev A.Yu. Innovatsionnaya deyatel’nost’ studencheskikh otryadov Arkhangel’skoi oblasti i Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga [Innovation activity in student teams of Arkhangelsk region and Nenets Autonomy District.]. Arkhangelsk: IPP Pravda Severa. 2007. 96 p.
17. Varfolomeev A.Yu., Kovalchuk L.M. Statistical analysis of deterioration of wooden houses in Arkhangelsk. Proceeding of the Russian conference of students and postgraduates on Young researchers to regions, VoGTU. 2008, Vol. 1, pp. 175–176. (In Russian).
18. Belyaev A.N., Varfolomeev A.Yu. Techno-economic analysis of repair of the wooden apartment buildings and new construction in the North. Proceedings of the interregional scientific-technical conference «The development of wooden housing in the Vologda region. The problems and practical solutions», Vologda, Russia. 2008. pp. 60–65. (In Russian).
19. Tutigin A.G., Varfolomeev A.Yu. Modeling a risk exclusion of biological damage in wooden houses. Izvestija vuzov. Stroitel’stvo. 2012. No. 2, pp. 15–23. (In Russian).
20. Varfolomeev A.Yu. Prediction of biological damage accumulation in wooden construction during long-term operation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 4, pp. 27–29. (In Russian).
21. Varfolomeev A.Yu. Accounting of dynamics of biological destruction of timber in the course of calculation of exploited structures. Stroitelnie Materiali [Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 7, pp. 107–109. (In Russian).
22. Varfolomeev A.Yu. Improving fire safety during the development of rural settlements planning documentation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 10, pp. 38–42. (In Russian).
O.D. SAMARIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) ( Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (26, Yaroslavskoye Highway, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Examination of Absence of Condensate Freezing in Ventilating Ducts Within Structures of External Walls The features of the calculation of the stationary two-dimensional temperature field in the external walls of residential buildings are considered with the presence of ventilation ducts within their structures. The algorithm and results of calculation of temperatures in critical points of the channels for winter conditions are shown using the computer program implementing the finite element method. The analysis of the obtained data is given and recommendations for additional exterior insulation of construction in the area of the channels are proposed to best meet the sanitary and hygienic requirements for outdoor enclosures in accordance with SP 50.13330.2012. The confirmation of those recommendations with additional calculations on the considered procedure is presented. The presentation is illustrated by examples of images of temperature field for the wall construction in a residential building on one of the existing projects.

Keywords: external wall, ventilating duct, temperature field, freezing, thermal insulation.

For citation: Samarin O.D. Examination of absence of condensate freezing in ventilating ducts within structures of external walls. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 25–27. (In Russian).

References References
1. Samarin O.D. The energy balance of public buildings and possible ways of energy saving. Zhilishchnoye stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 8, рр. 2–4. (In Russian).
2. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. About an Assessment of Power Efficiency of Energy Saving Action. Inzhenernye sistemy. AVOK-Severo-Zapad. 2014. No. 2, рр. 26–29. (In Russian).
3. Gagarin V.G., Dmitriev K.A. Account of thermal nonuniformities during estimation of thermal performance of building enclosures in Russia and European countries. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, рр. 14–16. (In Russian).
4. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Theoretical reasons for calculation of reduced thermal resistance of building enclosures. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 12, рр. 4–12. (In Russian).
5. Krivoshein A.D. On the question of design of thermal protection of translucent and opaque constructions. [electronic resource] (date of treatment: 28.02.2016) (In Russian).
6. Friess W.A., Rakhshan K., Hendawi T.A., Tajerzadeh S. Wall insulation measures for residential villas in Dubai: A case study in energy efficiency. Energy and Buildings. 2012. No. 44, рр. 26–32. (In Russian).
7. Horikiri K., Yao Y., Yao J.. Modelling conjugate flow and heat transfer in a ventilated room for indor thermal comfort assessment. Building and Environment. 2014. No. 77, рр. 135–147.
8. Tae Sup Yun, Yeon Jong Jeong, Tong-Seok Han, Kwang-Soo Youm. Evaluation of thermal conductivity for thermally insulated concretes. Energy and Buildings. 2013. No. 61, рр. 125–132.
9. Samarin O.D. Calculation of temperature in the internal surface of the external corner of a building with modern level of thermal protection. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo. 2005. No. 8, рр. 52–56. (In Russian).
Advantages of PENOPLEX® as a filler of deformation seams
A.M. IBRAGIMOV 1 , Counsellor of RAASN (igasu_а, L.Yu. GNEDINA 1 , Candidate of Sciences (Engineering); L.A. TIKHOMIROVA 2 , Candidate of Sciences (Engineering); I.A. LADNYKH 1 , Engineer
1 National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 Kostroma State University (17, Dzerzhinskogo Street, 156005, Kostroma, Russian Federation)

A Glued Veneer Panel of Factory Production as a Basic Structural-Force Element of the Framing of a Quickly Constructed Residential Building New designs of glued veneer panels, which have high degree of prefabrication and combination of bearing and enclosing functions, unification, durability, improved shape stability, simplicity of production and relative cheapness, are considered. Panels consist of two outside plywood sheathings, perimeter framing and a set of single elements which are combined in the cross-structure with a triangular cell, a kind of filling lattice located between veneers and framing. The developed panel relates to building structures and is recommended to be used when producing wall, roof enclosing elements as well as for interfloor overlappings.

Keywords: glued veneer panel, structural elements, framing, bearing capacity, form stability, durability, fragmentation of stresses.

For citation: Ibragimov A.M., Gnedina L.Yu., Tikhomirova L.A., Ladnykh I.A. A glued veneer panel of factory production as a basic structural-force element of the framing of a quickly constructed residential building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 30–32. (In Russian).

1. Patent RF na poleznuyu model’ 2035313. Ob’emnuy element i sposob soedineniya sotovuh stryktyr [Volume element and method of connecting honeycomb structures]. Ivanov A.A., Ivanova L.Y.; Declared 25.03.1993. Published 20.05.1995. Bulleiten No. 14. (In Russian).
2. Patent RF na poleznuyu model’ 2029834. Sloistuy zapolnitel’ [Layered filler]. Labynkin V.N., Latysh S.I., Nagovicyn A.L., Zotenko I.A.; Declared 02.03.1992. Published 27.02.1995. Bulleiten No. 6. (In Russian).
3. Patent RF na poleznuyu model’ 2037029. Panel’ [Panel]. Semenov D.K.; Declared 30.12.1992. Published 09.05.1995. Bulleiten No. 16. (In Russian).
4. Vatin N.N., Sinel’nikov A.S., Malysheva A.V., Naumova D.V. Comparative evaluation of building envelopes for the lowrise building facades. Luchshie fasady. 2013. No. 1 (35), pр. 8–11. (In Russian).
5. Tabunshikov U.A., Livchak V.I., Gagarin V.G., Shilkin N.V. Ways to improve the energy efficiency of buildings. AVOK. 2009. No. 5, pр. 38–47. (In Russian).
6. Patent RF na poleznuyu model’ 160223. Panel’ [Panel]. Tihomirov L.A., Zaiceva K.V., Titunin A.A., Ibragimov A.M., Gnedina L.U.; Declared 20.07.2015. Published 09.05.1995. Bulleiten No. 7. (In Russian).
S.V. SERGEEV 1 , Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (; A.I. RYBALOV 2 , General Director; N.S. SOKOLOV 1 , Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), (
1 I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (15, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, 428015, Russian Federation)
2 OOO «Belgorodstroyizyskaniya» (2A, Chekhova Street, Belgorod, Belgorod Oblast, 308015, Russian Federation)

Features of Construction of Pile Foundations in Cretaceous Soils Engineering-geological conditions at the construction site of the Belgorod State University, where cretaceous soils of different bearing capacity are used as a base, are considered. Main properties of cretaceous soils with due regard for their moisturizing are described. The use of pulse-discharge technologies for construction of bored-injection piles under such conditions is substantiated. It is shown that the thixotropic properties of soils significantly improve the bearing capacity of these piles that makes it possible to use them at newly developed sites in the valley of the Vezelka river flowing in Belgorod.

Keywords: engineering-geological conditions, cretaceous soils, mechanical properties, bearing capacity of piles, pulse-discharge technologies, widening, bearings, calculated resistance, static penetration test, static loading.

For citation: Sergeev S.V., Rybalov A.I., Sokolov N.S. Features of construction of pile foundations in cretaceous soils. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 33–39. (In Russian).

1. Sergeev S.V., Rybalov M.A. Geological engineering conditions of functioning of Belgorod State University complex. Nauchnye vedomosti NIU «BelGU». Seriya Estestvennye nauki. 2010. No. 3 (74), Vypysk 10.
2. Sokolov N.S. Metod of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsionnykh svay-RIT taking into account «thrust bearings». Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International) the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstruction» conference (NASKR-2014). 2014. Cheboksary, pp. 407–411. (In Russian).
3. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About one method of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsi-onnykh svay-ERT. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2015. No. 1, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
4. Sokolov N.S., Nikiforovа N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Application svay-ERT for elimination of a preemergency at construction of the base. Geotechnicа. 2016. No. 5, pp. 54–60. (In Russian).
5. Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. About a wrong way of the device the buroinjektsionnykh of piles with use of electrodigit technology. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 11, pp. 20–29. (In Russian).
6. Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Experience of use the buroinjektsionnykh of piles ERT at elimination of an emergency of the public building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 12, pp. 31–36. (In Russian).
7. Sokolov N.S. Technological Methods of Installation of BoredInjection Piles with Multiple En-largements. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 54–57. (In Russian).
8. Тer-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Mekhanik of soil]. Moscow: ASV, 2009. 550 p. (In Russian).
9. Ukhov S.B. Mekhanika gruntov, osnovaniya i fundamenta [Mechanics of soil, basis and base]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 2007. 561 p. (In Russian).
L.A. AMINOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (, O.V. DOBUDKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) Branch of FGBU “TSNIIP Minstroya Rossii”, Far-Eastern Research, Design and Technology Institute for Construction (DalNIIS) (14, Borodinskaya Street, 690033, Vladivostok, Russian Federation)

Regularities of Moisture Accumulation and Migration of Heat and Moisture in Soils at Areas under Development Current regulation documents SP 22.13330–2011 and SP 50-101–2004 don’t require to implement the forecast of changes in soil water regimes at areas under construction and accounting of the after construction increase in the humidity of clay and composite soils when designing and constructing foundations, basements, and underground utilities. The result was mass flooding of built-up areas. Construction and operation of foundations and underground structures in the southern regions of the Far East are additionally complicated by the following risk factors: deep seasonal soil freezing due to the climate severity, significant level of frost heave danger caused by the natural humidity of these soils (grade of water saturation is close to 1.0), flooding of areas due to development. The article presents an explanation of processes of moisture accumulation taking place in soils at built-up territories.

Keywords: transfer of heat and moisture in clay and composite soils; moisture accumulation processes; after construction increase in humidity of soils; flooding of soils at built-up territories.

For citation: Aminova L.A., Dobudko O.V. Regularities of moisture accumulation and migration of heat and moisture in soils at areas under development. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 40–42. (In Russian)

1. Ponomarenko YU.V., Izotov А.А. Methods of protection of the built-up territories against flooding. Promyshlennoe i gragdanskoe stroitelstvo. 2005. No. 3, pp. 38. (In Russian).
2. Fyodorov V.I., Bogdanov G.P. , Tyurin I.M. Deformations of the bases of constructions in the conditions of the South of the Far East. Uskorenie nauchno-tekhnicheskogo progressa v fundamentostroenii: sborgik nauch. trudov NIIOSP. V. I. Мoscow, 1987. P. 63–64.
3. Fyodorov V.I. Processes of moisture accumulation and a morozoopasnost of soils in construction Vladivostok: DALNIIS, 1992. 178 p.
4. Fyodorov V.I. The fissile protection of constructions and the bases in the soils which are flooded the puchinoopasnykh Vladivostok: Dalpress, 1994. 155 p.
5. Anpilov V.V. Change of humidity of soils on the built-up territories. Promyshlennoe stroitel’stvo. 1971. No. 4, рр. 11–15.
6. Abramov S. P. Reasons of flooding of the production territories and their engineering protection. Promyshlennoe stroitel’stvo. 1971. No. 11, рр. 26. (In Russian).
7. Sheshenya N.L. Engineering-geological justification of actions of engineering protection of buildings and constructions from dangerous processes. Рromyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2007. No. 11, рр. 7–9. (In Russian).
8. Kliorina G.I., Lapshin M.S. Flooding of territories of open distributing devices of power substations and their water protection. Рromyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2010. No. 12, pp. 49–51. (In Russian).
9. Arleninov P.D. Typical damages of the waterlogged houses at a flood in the Amur region. Housing construction [Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo]. 2013. No. 12, pp. 19–24. (In Russian).
10. Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N. Sokolov A.N. The experience of reconstruction of damaged building of Vvedensky Cathedral in Cheboksary. Geotehnika. 2016. No. 1, pp. 60–65. (In Russian).
11. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. Special aspects of the appliance and the calculation of continuous flight augering piles with multiple caps. Geotehnika. 2016. No. 1, pp. 60–66. (In Russian).
A.V. MASLYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) ( Volgograd State Technical University (28 Lenina Avenue, 400005, Volgograd, Russian Federation)

Increase in the Loss of Health of the Population in Buildings During Earthquakes in Federal Laws and Normative Documents of the Russian Federation About 50 years passed since the domestic and foreign medical scientists established that most of people in earthquake-resistant buildings during the strong earthquake gets a psychic trauma which often causes the aggravation of “old” or formation of “new” diseases for a time from several days and to several months (can be the cause of death of older people). Moreover, the studies of some scientist-builders and seismologists show that the cause of increasing the psychic trauma during the earthquake is regulations for designing earthquake-resistant buildings. The article substantiates the building rules aimed at reducing the psychic trauma of people in building during the earthquake.

Keywords: earthquake, panic, loss of health, building, seismic activity.

For citation: Maslyaev A.V. Increase in the loss of health of the population in buildings during earthquakes in federal laws and normative documents of the Russian Federation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 43–47. (In Russian).

1. Neri G., Oliva G., Orecchio B., Presti D. Bul. of the Seismological Society of America. 2006. V. 96. No. 4A. P. 1231–1331.
2. Constantine K. Zemletryasenie v Sitsilii i Kalabrii. Rasskaz ochevidtsa [An earthquake in Sicily and Calabria. Story of the eyewitness]. Moscow: 1909.
3. Nikonov A.A. Between Scylla and Haribda. Priroda. 2008. No. 8, pp. 36–50. (In Russian).
4. Bogdanovich K.I. Zemletryaseniya v Messine i San- Frantsisko [Earthquakes in Messina and San Francisco]. Saint Petersburg: 1909. 111 p.
5. Brusilovsky L.Ya., Brukhansky N.P., Segalov of G.E. Zemletryasenie v Krymu i nevropsikhicheskii travmatizm [Zemletryaseniye in the Crimea and a nevropsikhichesky injury rate]. Moscow: 1928.
6. Boldyrev T.E. O rabote po okazaniyu meditsinskoi pomoshchi naseleniyu g. Ashkhabada i blizhaishikh k nemu raionov postradavshikh ot zemletryaseniya v oktyabre 1948 g. [About work on delivery of health care to the population of Ashgabat and the next to it affected areas from an earthquake in October, 1948]. Archive of the Ministry of Health of Tadzhikskoj SSR. Ashgabat, 1950.
7. Popovic M., Petroviç D. Zdes’ nakhodilos’ Skop’e [There was Skopje]. Belgrade, 1963.
8. Chernyshov M. V. Mental reactions of the population during catastrophic earthquakes. The Scientific and practical conference in psychiatric hospital No. 3 of Moscow. 1972, pp. 349–353. (In Russian).
9. Aleksandrovsky Yu.A. Pogranichnye psikhicheskie rasstroistva: Rukovodstvo dlya vrachei [Boundary mental disturbances: A management for doctors]. Rostov-on-Don: Phoenix, 1997. 576 p.
10. Vakhov V.P. Mental violations at the serving organized collectives around disasters. Mental disturbances at victims during an earthquake in Armenia. Papers of scientific research institute of general and judicial psychiatry of V.P. Serbsky. 1989, pp. 34–41. (In Russian).
El_podpiska СИЛИЛИКАТэкс KERAMTEX elibrary interConPan_2020 osm21