Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №10

Table of contents

I.L. SHUBIN, Corresponding Member of RAACS, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Director of NIISF RAACS, (, V.I. RIMSHIN, Corresponding Member of RAACS, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Institute of City Development, NIISF RAACS A.G. SOKOLOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Methodical Section of Institute of City Development, NIISF RAACS Research Institute of Building Physics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (21, Lokomotivny Passage, 127238, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Priority Attention to the Staff Training of Construction Industry The situation with training and retraining of engineering staff in construction and housing and utility branches is considered. The developed structure for management of waste of production and consumption, solid domestic waste including, is analyzed. The programs of training and retraining of engineering staff associated with the deep processing of construction waste after the overhaul and reconstruction of buildings and facilities with the use of knowledge intensive Russian innovative technologies are proposed. Attestation-analytical measures with the purpose to present the address card of staff availability in the form of professional skill competition with the use of accumulated positive experience are proposed. An objective analysis of educational programs proposed by employers in accordance with the system of professional standards and actuality of introduction of electronic training complexes and remote technologies is made. Prospective ways for introducing innovative knowledge-intensive developments in the educational process are proposed.

Keywords: staff, address card of staff availability, green construction, additional professional education, professional standards, reconstruction, renovation.

For citation: Shubin I.L., Rimshin V.I., Sokolova A.G. Priority attention to the staff training of construction industry. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Con- struction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 3–5. (In Russian).

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6. Shubin I.L., Zaitsev Y.V., Rimshin V.I., Kurbatov V.L., Sultygova P.S. Fracture Of High Performance Materials Under Multiaxial Compression And Thermal Effect. Engineering Solid Mechanics. 2017. V. 5. No. 2, рр. 139–144.
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V.V. BUZYREV 1 , Honored Science Worker of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Sciences (Economics); A.V. VLADIMIROV 2 , Doctor of Sciences (Economics) (; A.V. BUZYREV3, Candidate of Sciences (Economics)
1 Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics (21, Sadovaya Street, 191023, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)
2 North-West Institute of Management, branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (57/43, Sredniy prospect, Vasilyevsky Island 199178, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation) 3 Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (4, 2-ya Krasnoarmeiskaya Street, 190005, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)

Accelerating the Solution of Housing Problem in Regions of the Russian Federation on the Basis of Implementation of Innovations in Construction The data on the volume of housing construction in the cities of Yekaterinburg and Saint-Petersburg in comparison with other cities of the Russian Federation as well as the basic principles of cluster policy, when solving the housing problem, are presented. It is shown that the successful development of such clusters is inextricably linked with the development of infrastructure conducive to strengthening the coherence both of internal and inter-market spaces. Main principles of cluster policy in housing construction of regions are revealed on the basis of the positive experience of precast panel housing construction in Western Europe, China, and the USSR. Obvious backwardness of the existing technological level from the developed countries of more than half of domestic operating house- building factories loaded less than half of their production capacity is substantiated. Distinctive parameters of the formation and realization of the regional cluster building policy, industrial housing construction on the innovative base comparing with the traditional industrial and construction policy are revealed.

Keywords: urban development, spatial organization, region, cluster approach, innovation, spatial organization of construction, housing, efficiency, industrial panel-frame housing, flexible housing technology.

For citation: Buzyrev V.V., Vladimirov A.V., Buzyrev A.V. Accelerating the solution of housing problem in regions of the Russian Federation on the basis of implementation of innovations in construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 6–10. (In Russian).

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5. Remizov A.N. On Stimulation of Environmentally Sustainable Architecture and Building. Zhilishhnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 3, рp. 41–43. (In Russian).
6. Blazhko V.P., Granik M.Yu. Flexible bazaltoplastikovy communications for application in three-layer panels of external walls. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materiаls]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 56–57. (In Russian).
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9. Usmanov Sh.I. Formation of economic strategy of development of industrial housing construction in Russia. Politika, Gosudarstvo i Pravo. 2015. No. 1 (37), pp. 76–79. (In Russian).
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L.A. SAKMAROVА, Candidate of Sciences (, M.A. BAKHMISOVA, Bachelor I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (15, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic,428015, Russian Federation)

Application of BIM-Technologies in Educational Environment on the Example of the Construction Faculty of the Chuvash State University

One of the present trends in the development of education is the computerization of the educational process. The use of computer-aided systems (CAD) allows students to simpler and quicker master the basic fundamentals of computer graphics, more consciously approach to their study. At present, architectural- construction higher educational establishments, realizing the level training, reduce the number of hours for engineering-graphical disciplines without reducing graphic works and sections of disciplines studied. The competences are aimed at the interdisciplinary interaction of common professional and special disciplines. An analysis of perspective inte

r-disciplinary connections has been made concerning the disciplines “Computer and graphic methods of design” and “Architecture of buildings” realized at the Chuvash State University. The article analyzes the Autodesk Revit as a program that realizes principles of BIM-technologies in architectural-construction design and designing a large-panel building of 1.090 series. The application of BIM technologies significantly facilitates the work of designers and constructors and improves the quality of design and cost estimation documentation at times, thus optimizing the terms of the project and its implementation.

Keywords: system of training of modern and competent staff, BIM-technologies, computerization of educational process, inter-disciplinary ties, engineering and computer graphic, computer and graphical methods of design, architectural-construction design, architecture of buildings, large-panel industrial building, CAD, Autodesk Revit.

For citation: Sakmarovа L.A., Bakhmisova M.A. Application of BIM-technologies in educational environment on the example of the construction faculty of the Chuvash state university. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 11–17. (In Russian).

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4. Bakhmisova M.A. Architectural Design in the Renga Architecture System. Innovative Technologies in Education and Science: Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. Cheboksary: TsNS «Interaktiv plyus», 2017, pp. 17–19. (In Russian).
5. Sakmarova L.A. Problems of formation of the pre-university system of continuous architectural and building education. University education: a collection of articles of the XVI International Scientific and Methodological Conference. Penza: PGU, 2012, pp. 325–326. (In Russian).
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При выборе фасадной керамической плитки в первую очередь следует убедиться в ее соответствии требованиям государственного стандарта. Требования определяют не только долговечность покрытия, но и технологичность плитки, иными словами — удобство использования. Показано, какие параметры ГОСТ 13996–93 «Плитки керамические фасадные и ковры из них. Технические условия» наиболее важны для работы с плиткой и почему.
A.N. KORSHUNOV, Deputy General Director for Science ( AO “Kazan GIPRONIIAVIAPROM” (1, Dementieva Street, 420127, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)

Renovation Program is an Opportunity to Improve the Quality of Housing for Moscow Residents A design block of large-panel housing construction is considered. The universal system of large panel housing construction with a narrow pitch is proposed as a base system for large-panel construction factories of Moscow. The system has multi-variant layout of flats with various combinations in the base design of the block-section as well the module principle of designing new block-sections on the basis of existing ones, the mechanism of transiting the basic block-section from narrow pitch to a wide pitch without pre-stressing. An advantage of its using in the planned Moscow program for housing renovation and resettlement from dilapidated five-story houses is shown.

Keywords: renovation, panel houses, universal system of large-panel housing construction, base block-section, function of increasing or reducing of room length, thee-span covering, function of increasing of room width, free layout, universal system.

For citation: Korshunov A.N. Renovation program is an opportunity to improve the quality of housing for moscow residents. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 20–25. (In Russian).

1. Korshunov A.N. Design «Universal System of Large- Panel Housing Construction» for Construction in Moscow. Panel Houses Can Be Both Social and Elite Housing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 11–15. (In Russian).
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4. Tikhomirov B.I., Kites A.N, Shakirov R.A. Universal system of large-panel housing construction with multiple plannings of apartments and their various combinations in a basic design of block section. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 4, рр. 13–20. (In Russian).
5. Korshunov A.N. Design «Universal system of large-panel housing construction» in business chain: developer – designer – large-panel prefabrication plant. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 10–17. (In Russian).
6. Patent RF 2511327. Krupnopanel’noe zdanie [Largepanel building]. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Declared 20.02.2012. Published 10.04. 2014. Bulletin No. 10. (In Russian).
7. Tikhomirov B.I. Combination of Narrow and Wide Pitches of Cross Bearing Walls in a Large Panel Block-Section. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 6–12. (In Russian).
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9. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Innovative Universal System of Large-Panel House Building with a Narrow Spacing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 32–40. (In Russian).
10. Patent RF 124272. Krupnopanel’noe zdanie [Largepanel building]. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Declared 20.02.2012. Published 20.01.2013. Bulletin No. 2. (In Russian).
11. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Improvement of Conditions of Insolation of Residential Buildings during Development of Construction Site. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 16–20. (In Russian).
Results of the Educational Tour of 2017. Finland. Precast Reinforced Concrete (Information).. . . . . 26
V.A. VLASOV, Doctor of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics), V.A. KLIMENOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), S.N. OVSYANNIKOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), V.N. OKOLICHNY, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (, I.V. BALDIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (21, Solyanaya Square, Tomsk, 634003, Russian Federation)

Experience in Application of Sleeve Joints in Prefabricated House Building System CUPASS The article analyses the results of experimental studies of field nodes in the main load-bearing elements of the frame universal prefabricated architectural-building system CUPASS, as well as a full-scale fragment of the building-representative. Nodes of the main bearing elements of CUPASS system are assembled with the use of crimp couplings which have so far being used in monolithic housing construction. In the process of experimental studies, crimp equipment and modes of compression have been chosen, as well as efforts, deformations and displacement of the frame elements arising in the process of couplings compression have been determined. Experimental studies of structural nodes collected at the fittings for static and dynamic loading showed their high load-bearing capacity and crack resistance at the stage of installation and in the process of operation, made it possible to determine the actual ductility of crimped connections and bonded joints of the structures. Research in a full-scale fragment of the building made it possible to perfect the technology of assembly of joints and confirmed the reliability and high bearing capacity of couplings of basic units of structures. The developed new earthquake resistant frame universal prefabricated architectural- building system CUPASS can be used in areas with an estimated seismicity up to 7 points inclusive without application of the seismic isolation system.

Keywords: residential buildings, public buildings, frame universal earthqua earthquake resistant frame system, housing construction, seismic isolation, nodes of structure, crimp couplings, coupling nodes.

For citation: Vlasov V.A., Klimenov V.A., Ovsyannikov S.N., Okolichny V.N., Baldin I.V. Experience in application of sleeve joints in prefabricated house build- ing system CUPASS. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 28–34. (In Russian).

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14. Kopanitsa D.G., Kaparulin S.L., Danielson A.I., Useinov E.S., Ustinov A.M. Deformation of the joints of columns with beams under shock loading. Papers of International scientificpractical conference «Science, technical management and engineering in construction: Status, Prospects», 29–30 April 2016. Karaganda: KarGTU, 2016, pp. 131–133. (In Russian).
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18. Ovsyannikov S.N., Okolichnyi V.N., Baldin I.V. Bubis A.A. Full-scale static and seismic testing of the fragment of the building, built according to the «CUPASS». Zhilishhnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction], 2016. No. 10, pp. 37– 42. (In Russian).
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E.F. FILATOV, Chief Technologist OOO UK “Bryansk Large Panel Prefabrication Plant” (99A, Rechnaya Street, 241031, Bryansk, Russian Federation)

Structural Features of Three-Layer External Wall Panels with Discrete Constraints The article presents structural features of three-layer external wall panels with discrete constraints which significantly improved the manufacturability of their production at the available equipment of the plant, production of thermal efficient enclosing structures providing the heat protection of residential buildings according to normative requirements. Results of the thermo-technical study of three-layer external wall panels with discrete constraints and results of the thermovision study of enclosing structures of a multi-flat large-panel residential building are presented.

Keywords: three-layer external wall panels, discrete constraints, thermo-technical indicators.

For citation: Filatov E.F. Structural features of three-layer external wall panels with discrete constraints. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 35–40. (In Russian).

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11. Nikolaev S.V. The Revival of house-building factories in the domestic equipment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
12. Gagarin V.G., Dmitriyev K.A. Accounting of heattechnical not uniformity at assessment of a heat-shielding of the protecting designs in Russia and the European countries. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 14–16. (In Russian).
13. Filatov E.F. Reduction in Material Consumption of Products of Large-Panel House Prefabrication. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 28–33. (In Russian).
I.V. LVOV, Candidate of Sciences (Economics) ( Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulianov (15, Moskovsky Prospect, 428015, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)

Innovative Modernization of the Structure of Housing Construction in the Chuvash Republic under Conditions of New Economy Housing construction is the main component of the construction industry of Chuvashia. For its development, a solid foundation has been established in the Republic for the next decade. The Republic is actively carrying out a priority project for the creation of the comfortable environment and landscaping which is in action since 2017. With due regard for this project, a complex development of territories is carried out on an area of about 2 ths ha with a planned housing stock of 7 m. m2. It is shown that the Chuvash Republic is actively building the housing of an economic class, introduces projects of areas landscaping. An analysis of the growth of mortgage lending is presented. It is noted that the volumes of industrial housing construction in the Chuvash Republic remain at a very high level.

Keywords: innovation, modernization, failing housing stock, relocation, mortgage rate, comfortable environment, complex development, mortgage.

For citation: Lvov I.V. Innovative modernization of the structure of housing construction in the Chuvash republic under conditions of new economy. Zhilishch- noe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 41–45. (In Russian).

1. Volkov S.V., Volkova L.V. Technical and economic assessment of organizational and technological schemes of building of inhabited objects on market indicators. Vestnik Grazhdanskikh Inzhenerov. 2014. No. 1, pp. 66–73. (In Russian).
2. Antipov D.N. Strategy of development of the enterprises of industrial housing construction. Problemy Sovremennoi Ekonomiki. 2012. No. 1, pp. 267–270. (In Russian).
3. Oparina L.A. Taking into Account the energy intensity of building materials at different stages of the life cycle of buildings. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Consrtruction Materials]. 2014. No. 11, pp. 44–45. (In Russian).
4. L’vov I.V., Mamaev N.G, Tarasov V.I., Ushkov S.M. Modernization processes directed to decrease in «a syndrome of the sick building». Kazanskaja Nauka. 2017. No. 4, pp. 18–21. (In Russian).
5. Sokolov N.S. Technological methods of installation of boredinjection piles with multiple en-largements. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 54– 57. (In Russian).
6. Sokolov N.S. Criteria of economic efficiency of use of drilled piles. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 34–37. (In Russian). v7. Sokolov N.S. Use the buroinjektsionnykh svay-ERT as foundations of the bases of the increased bearing ability. Promyshlennoe i Grazhdanskoe Stroitel’stvo. No. 8. 2017, pp. 74–79. (In Russian).
8. Sokolov N.S., Suchkova A.G., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Geotechnical technologies of adaptation of buildings under construction to conditions of old development. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 62–67. (In Russian).
9. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About one method of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsi-onnykh svay-ERT. Osnovaniya, Fundamenty i Mekhanika Gruntov. 2015. No. 1, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
10. Travush V.I., Volkov Yu.S. Common problems of construction science and production, unification and standardization in construction. Vestnik MGSU. 2014. No. 3, pp. 7–14. (In Russian).
11. Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Fine Concrete as a Structural Building Material of Bored-Injection Piles EDT. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 16–19. (In Russian).
12. Yudin I.V., Petrova I.V., Bogdanov V.F. Improvement of constructive solutions, technology and organization of construction of large-panel and panel-frame houses of Volga DSK. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
13. Sokolov N.S., Viktorova S.S., Smirnova G.M., Fedoseeva I.P. Bored-injection pile-ert as a buried reinforced concrete structure. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 9, pp. 47–49. (In Russian).
E.Yu. SHALYGINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) ( AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha – Institute of Complex Design of Residential and Public Buildings» (AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha») (9, bldg.3, Dmitrovskoye Shosse, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation) Reconsideration of Standards – Help to Designer

The need for actualization (reconsideration) of normative documents, requirements and provisions contained in them, when developing design documents for buildings of various purposes, is presented. Reconsideration of standards on the basis of the “Program of Development of National Standards” (PDNS) is performed. Reasons for actualizing GOST, which consists in changing the requirements for building structures relating to the norms of sound insulation, fire danger, structural requirements, are described. Documents reconsidered by JSC “TSNIIEP zhilishcha” during 2011–2016 are termed; additions and changes included in these documents, which were formed as a result of discussions of organizations of Moscow and the CIS countries, are listed. When correcting the standards, the provisions of international regulatory documents (ISO) were taken into account. Normative documents actualized by JSC “TSNIIEP zhilishcha” in 2017 are listed.

Keywords: standard, normative-technical documents, building elements and products, reconsideration, actualization, development, requirements, provisions, updating, changes.

For citation: Shalygina E.Yu. Reconsideration of standards – help to designer. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 46–48. (In Russian).

1. Guryev V.V., Dorofeyev V.M. The modern regulatory base on monitoring of technical condition of buildings and constructions. Promyshlennoe i Grazhdanskoe Stroitel’stvo. 2006. No. 4, рр. 24–25. (In Russian).
2. Guryev V.V., Dorofeyev V.M. About development of the normative and technical documents connected with inspection and monitoring of technical condition of buildings and constructions during operation. Promyshlennoe i Grazhdanskoe Stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 3, pp. 43–45. (In Russian).
3. Granev V.V., Kodysh E.N. Development and updating of normative documents on design and construction of industrial and civil buildings. Promyshlennoe i Grazhdanskoe Stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 3, pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
4. Nazarov Yu.P., Volkov Yu.S. Standards of the organizations – the main way of updating of the regulatory base of construction. Stroitel’naya Mekhanika i Raschet Sooruzhenii. 2009. No. 2, pp. 72–75. (In Russian)
5. About introduction of eurocodes to the sphere of construction of the CIS countries. Byulleten’ Stroitel’noi Tekhniki. 2011. No. 11, pp. 20–21. (In Russian).
6. Nikolaev S.V., Travush V.I., Tabunshchikov Yu.A., Kolubkov A.N., Solomanidin G.G., Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V. The regulatory base of high-rise construction in Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction], 2016. No. 1–2, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
7. Mikheyev D.V. Condition of the regulatory base of technical regulation of construction and problem of her development. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction], 2016. No. 6, pp. 3–12. (In Russian).
8. Nikolaev S.V., Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V., Zyryanov V.S. of the Prospect of development of the regulatory base of high-rise construction in Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction], 2016. No. 12, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
9. Dubynin N.V. A role of the scientific organizations in development of base of standard-but-technical regulation of design and construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction], 2017. No. 5, pp. 48–51. (In Russian).
10. The staticized editorial office GOST 379. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2015. No. 10, рр. 4–5. (In Russian).
11. Volkova N.G. Expediency of development of the federal law on application of climatic standards in construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 6, рр. 4–6. (In Russian).
M.P. SHEFER, Engineer (, P.M. POSTNIKOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) Siberian Transport University (191, Dusi Kovalchuk Street, 630049, Novosibisk, Russian Federation)

The Matching Signature as a Form of Fixation of Additional Requirements (Conditions) When Designing During many decades there has been a practice of design approval in the form of matching signature on the design sheets in Russia. In recent years, cases of ignoring the conditions of the matching signature which are not included in a supplementary agreement signed by the parties become more frequent. The analysis of provisions of the Russian Federation legislation shows that a correctly executed matching signature must include a subject of approval, requirements (conditions which are necessary for a design to be approved); the name of a juridical or physical entity who approved the design; the date of approval; for a juridical entity – a signature with deciphering the name and the post assured by the seal of an organization; for a physical entity – a signature with an indication of surname, name, and patronymic (if available). The availability of all these elements makes it possible to consider the matching signature on the sheets of the project as a special form of a written agreement on the basis of the following provisions of the legislation: application of the matching signature is a written offer (articles 434 and 435 of the RF Civil Code. Part 1 of 30.11.1994 № 51-FZ); the use of the approved project is an acceptance (point 3 of the article 438 of the RF Civil Code). The authors’ search for published materials on this subject has not given any results.

Keywords: matching signature, project approval, need to implement.

For citation: Shefer M.P., Postnikov P.M. The matching signature as a form of fixation of additional requirements (conditions) when designing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 48–49. (In Russian).

1. Haritoshin I.I. Project Declaration as part of the basis of the contract of participation in shared construction. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2009. No. 4, pp. 144–147. (In Russian).
2. Kvasova A.V. «Infrastructural bonds» – a new tool for attracting investments. Pravo i Politika. 2009. No. 8, pp. 1681–1686. (In Russian).
3. Ershov O.G. The conclusion of subcontract in construction. Pravo i Ekonomika. 2012. No. 2, pp. 22–26. (In Russian).
4. Tischenko A.N., Khaustova V.Ye., Belyaev A.S. Assessment of competitiveness of construction companies with consideration of their specific features. Problemy Ekonomiki. 2013. No. 1, pp. 185–190. (In Russian).
5. Kapica L.S., Bushkov D.V. The public contract and the affiliation contract: identify and judicial practice. Problemy Ekonomiki i Yuridicheskoj Praktiki. 2014. No. 5, pp. 127–130. (In Russian).
B.S. SOKOLOV 1 , Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Corresponding Member of RAACS (; А.B. ANTAKOV 2 , Master (
1 AO «Kazan GIPRONIIAVIAPROM» (1, Dementieva Street, Kazan, 420127, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)
2 Kazan state architectural and construction university (1, Zelyonaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)

Theoretical Bases Of Strengthening Of Stone Layings Results of researches in the field of durability and a deformativnost of elements from the stone layings including strengthened by holders of different types are given. Creation of physical model of destruction is applied to the description of a tension of the squeezed elements and designs and modified, taking into account experimental data, expression of mathematical apparatus of the theory of resistance of anisotropic materials to compression. The techniques received by authors allow to carry out an assessment of durability and crack resistance of the squeezed elements and designs strengthened by holders with use of charts of deformation of materials. The assessment of crack resistance is carried out on the basis of the thesis about possibility of the description of a stage of achievement of a limit of elasticity of materials of a stone laying by means of physical model of destruction. Similar decisions in available domestic and foreign literature are absent. Steel, ferroconcrete, plaster and composite holders of strengthening are considered. Comparison of skilled and theoretical data shows satisfactory convergence.

Keywords: stone laying, durability, elasticity limit, crack resistance, strengthening, holder, experiments, theory.

For citation: Sokolov B.S., Antakov А.B. Theoretical bases of strengthening of stone layings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 50–55. (In Russian).

1. Sokolov B.S. Teorija silovogo soprotivlenija anizotropnyh materialov szhatiju i ee prakticheskoe primenenie [Theory of power resistance of anisotropic materials to compression and its practical application]. Moskow: ASV. 2011. 160 p.
2. Sokolov B.S., Antakov A.B. Concrete durability at compression. AKADEMIJA. Arhitektura i Stroitel’stvo. 2010. No. 4, рр. 75–78. (In Russian).
3. Sokolov B.S., Antakov A.B. Issledovanija szhatyh jelementov kamennyh i armokamennyh konstrukcij [Researches of the compressed elements of the stone and reinforced by grids designs]. Moskow: ASV. 2010. 111 p.
4. Sokolov B.S., Antakov A.B. New approach to calculation of stone layings. Izvestija Kazanskogo Gosudarstvennogo Arhitekturno-Stroitel’nogo Universiteta. 2014. No. 3 (29), pp. 75–81. (In Russian)
5. Sokolov B.S., Antakov A.B. Experimental and theoretical justification of use of charts of deformation of materials when calculating designs from stone layings. Collection of works International scientific conference «Modern problems of calculation of reinforced concrete designs, buildings and constructions on emergency influences». Moscow: MGSU, 2016, pp. 382–388. (In Russian).
6. Grozdov V.T. Usilenie stroitel’nyh konstrukcij [Strengthening of building constructions]. Saint Petersburg.: WITU. 1997. 264 p.
7. Mayatskaya I.A., Fedchenko A.E. Strengthening of designs of architectural monuments with use of polymeric composite materials. Mezhdunarodnyj Nauchno-Issledovatel’skij Zhurnal. 2017. No. 05 (59). Part 1, pp. 58–61. (In Russian).
8. Teryanik V.V., Borisov A.O. Tests it is non-central the compressed elements strengthened with use of polymeric glue. Zhilishhnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2010. No. 8, pp. 43–45. (In Russian).
9. Podnebesov P.G., Teryanik V.V. Resistance of the compressed elements strengthened by holders with use of the selfcondensed steel concrete with a fiber. Vestnik JuUrGU. Serija «Stroitel’stvo i Arhitektura». 2016. No. 1, p. 511. (In Russian).
El_podpiska СИЛИЛИКАТэкс KERAMTEX interConPan_2021