Table of contents
Whether Relations of Designing with Production during Construction of Large-Panel Buildings
are Necessary in Russia
The problem of modernization of series, which are widely used in large-panel housing construction, is facing the Russian builders. It is necessary to abandon
the construction of twin-houses using similar products. In Europe there is a notion “a building of repeated use”, but of individual geometry, when each product is
designed and produced individually. To create more comfortable and diverse environment in Russia it is necessary to move to individual, industrial architecture.
An attempt to find out the difference between levels of design in Russia and European countries is made. It is shown that the use of up-to-day software product
Allplan Precast makes it possible for a designer to solve faster and more qualitative the problems facing him.
Keywords: large-panel housing construction, flexible designing, Allplan Precast, specification.
h1>V.P. SELYAEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Academician of RAACS (firstname.lastname@example.org), Р.V. SELYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
Е.V. SOROKIN, Engineer, E.L. KECHUTKINA, Engineer
Mordovia State University named after N.P. Ogarev (68, Bolshevistskaya Street, Saransk, 430005, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation)
Prediction of Durability of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Elements by Method of Degradation Functions
A mathematical model for describing the operation of reinforced concrete products under the joint impact of mechanical loads and aggressive media is proposed.
Constants of the chemical resistance of materials, which are the basic kinetic parameters of the model and make it possible to theoretically evaluate the residual
lifetime and durability of reinforced concrete products are substantiated. Examples of calculation are considered. It is proposed to use the results of tests on
compression of prisms after exposure in the aggressive medium for verification of degradation models recommended to apply for evaluating the residual lifetime
and durability of elements of building structures.
Keywords: corrosion, micro-hardness, isochrones of degradation, diffusion factor, destruction front.
1. Selyaev V.P., Koldin A.O., Sorokin E.V., Selyaev P.V.,
Utkin I.Yu. Assesment of reliability of the ferroconcrete bent
elements working without cracks. Regional'naya arkhitektura
i stroitel'stvo. 2011. No. 2, рр. 70–75. (In Russian).
2. Selyaev V.P. Calculation of durability of ferroconcrete
constructions. Vestnik Mordovskogo universiteta. 2008.
Nо. 4, рр. 140–150. (In Russian).
3. Selyaev V.P., Neverov V.A., Oshkina L.M., Selyaev P.V.,
Sorokin E.V., Kechutkina E.L. Soprotivlenie of cement concre-
te of sulphatic corrosion. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construc-
tion Materials]. 2013. No. 12, pp. 26–30. (In Russian).
4. Selyaev V.P., Selyaev P. In, Koldin A.O. Forecasting of
durability of the ferroconcrete bent elements by probabilistic
methods. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii.
Stroitel'stvo. 2009. No. 6, рр. 91–96. (In Russian).
M.A. GONCHAROVA Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), A.N. IVASHKIN, engineer, O.A. KASHIRSKAYA, student
Lipetsk State Technical University (30, Moskovskaya Street, 398600, Lipetsk, Russian Federation)
Assessment of products front surface quality from multicomponent decorative concrete
The results of structure optimization of decorative concrete are offered Laboratory research of obtaining high quality front surface of molded products by two
different technologies are shown. Particular attention is given to the rheological parameters of concrete, which, as shown by experimental data, have maximum
impact on the face of the category of quality products manufactured from modified decorative concrete.
Keywords: decorative (architectural) concrete, the quality of the front surface, converter slag, self-compacting concrete
1. Krasnova T.A., Baturin I.A. Questions of improvement of
quality of a surface of ferroconcrete products. Tekhnologii
betonov. 2014. No. 4, рр. 14–15. (In Russian).
2. Loshak V.V., Cherkasov S.V., Vlasov V.V. Influence of
particle size distribution of filler on esthetic and operational
properties of decorative concrete. Scientific bulletin of the
Voronezh state architectural and construction university.
Series: Physical and chemical problems of construction
materials science and high technologies. 2011. No. 3–4,
рр. 61–65. (In Russian).
3. Dryanin R.A., Sekhposyan G.P., Ananyev S.V., Kalashni
kov V.I. Influence of the content of microsilicon dioxide on
increase of durability of reactionary and powder concrete.
Molodoi uchenyi. 2014. No. 13, рр. 44–47. (In Russian).
4. Korniyenko P.V., Gakshteter G.V. Production of modern
high-functional concrete on the basis of steel-smelting slags.
Tekhnologii betonov. 2013. No. 3, рр. 47–49. (In Russian).
5. Bondarev B.A., Korneev K.A., Ivashkin A.N. Composite
construction materials on the basis of local sand and
waste. Тhe Bulletin of the Volgograd state architectural
and construction university. Series: Construction and
architecture. 2012. No. 26, рр. 96–101. (In Russian).
6. Korneev K.A., Ivashkin A.N., Kopeykin A.V. Optimization
of composition of filler of fine-grained concrete elimination
of crushing of construction limestone and domain slag.
Materials of the All-Russian scientific and technical
conference «Topical Issues of Construction». Novosibirsk
state architectural and construction university, 2012. T. 1.
288 p. (In Russian).
7. Morozov N.M., Avksentyev V.I., Borovskikh I.V., Hozin V.G.
Application of eliminations of crushing of crushed stone in
the self-condensed concrete. Inzhenerno-stroitel'nyi zhurnal.
2013. No. 7 (42), рр. 26–31. (In Russian).
8. Morozov M.N., Kalashnikov V.I., Suzdaltcev O.V., Yanin V.S.
Vysokoprochnye decorative and finishing superficial гидро
фобизированные concrete. Regional'naya arkhitektura i
stroitel'stvo. 2014. No. 1, рр. 18–23. (In Russian).
9. Nesvetayev G.V., Davidyuk A.N. Melflux hyper softeners
for dry construction mixes and concrete. Stroitel'nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 3, рр. 38–40.
A.G. RYMAROV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.V. SAVICHEV Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Distinctions of determining of the optimal air exchange in rooms of residential buildings
The problem of the existing norms of air exchange in the room of the residential building, which does not take into account the quality of the outdoor air are
described. For the indicator of clean air passed carbon dioxide, the concentration of which characterizes the quality of indoor air environment of a residential
building. Outdoor air pollution leads to a decrease of oxygen, resulting in the need to increase the air consumption for CO2 below the required values. Unfortunately,
the Russian Federation had not approved the rules of allowable carbon dioxide air pollution for a normal human being indoors, however, foreign States have such
rules that allows you to analyze the existing rules on the required air exchange in the apartment. Increase ventilation will reduce the concentration of contaminants
in the environment, provided that the concentration of contaminants in the air below the maximum allowable concentration.
Keywords: ventilation, air quality, the concentration of harmful impurity, ventilation of residential buildings.
1. Rymarov A.G. Monitoring of microclimate parameters and
concentrations of contaminants in areas of the building.
Privolzhskii nauchnyi zhurnal. 2014. № 1, рр. 61–63.
2. Rymarov A.G. Prediction of air, heat, gas and humidity
regimes building. Academia. Arhitektura i stroitel'stvo. 2009.
№ 5, рр. 362–364. (In Russian)
3. Rymarov A.G. Gas mode of building. Estestvennye i
tehnicheskie nauki. 2012. № 6, рр. 595–599. (In Russian)
4. Rymarov A.G. Characteristics of heat-mass exchange modes
of mutual influence buildings. Estestvennye i tehnicheskie
nauki. 2013. № 1, С. 380–382. (In Russian)
5. Samarin O.D. Justification reducing the heat shielding
enclosures by using the updated version of Snip 2/23/.
Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. № 3,
рр. 46–48. (In Russian)
6. Rymarov A.G., Savichev V.V. Regenerative system of
ventilation administrative building with a «winter garden».
Estestvennye i tehnicheskie nauki. 2012. № 6, рр. 600–601.
7. Samarin O.D. Energy balance of buildings and energy-saving
options. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2012. № 8, рр. 2–4. (In Russian)
8. Rymarov A.G., Savichev V.V. Features of changes in the
concentration of carbon dioxide indoors kitchen apartment
building from the burning of natural gas. The materials of the
third international scientifically-practical Conference «theory
of heat and gas supply and ventilation». 21–23 November
2009. Moscow: Moskovskii gosudarstvennyi stroitel'nyi
universitet. Р. 215–217. (In Russian).
O.S. SUBBOTIN (email@example.com), Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor,
Kuban State Agrarian University (Krasnodar) (15, Kalinina Street, 350044 Krasnodar, Russian Federation)
Architectural and Town Planning Heritage of Armenian Buildings in Cities of Ekaterinodar and Armavir
of XIX–XX c.
The historical-cultural heritage of Armenian buildings of Kuban, their architectural-artistic and town planning aspects, examples of which can be the architecture
of buildings of the Armenian school, gymnasium, charitable society and the Dormition of the Mother of God Church in Ekaterinodar, Armenian female primary
school in Armavir, are considered. The characteristic features and peculiarities of planning, composition-spatial structure and constructions of these architectural
monuments, character of décor of facades and interiors are disclosed. Considerable attention is paid to the object of cultural heritage of regional level –
the Dormition Armenian-Gregorian Church in Armavir. Actual problems appearing in the course of the reconstitution of architectural appearance of historical
development areas are covered. Principles of the preservation of historical-cultural and architectural-town planning heritage are emphasized. The attention is
accentuated on the cooperation of Kuban and Armenia in the field of architecture and town planning.
Keywords: architecture, town planning, culture, development, preservation, heritage, monument, Armenia, Kuban.
1. Bardadym V.P. Arkhitektura Ekaterinodara. Krasnodar:
Publisher Lebedev Yu.Yu., 2009. 400 p. (In Russian).
2. Tverdyj A.V. Kavkaz v imenah, nazvanijah, legendah: opyt
toponimicheskogo slovarja. [The Caucasus in names,
names, legends: experience of the toponymic dictionary]
Krasnodar: Izdatel' I. Platonov, 2008. 432 p. (In Russian)
3. Koveshnikov V.N. Ocherki po toponimike Kubani. [Sketches
on toponymics of Kuban]. Krasnodar: RITs «World of
Kuban», 2006. 252 p. (In Russian).
4. State archive of Krasnodar Krai. T. 449. Оп. 2. Of 1985 L. 1,
4, 5, 9.
5. Ktitorov S.N. Liki starogo Armavira: Kubanskoe selenie na
pochtovoj otkrytke nachala XX veka. [Faces of old Armavir:
The Kuban settlement on a post card of the beginning of the
XX century]. Krasnodar: Publisher I. Platonov, 2010. 128 p.
6. Subbotin O.S. Architectural and town-planning heritage of
Armavir. Zhilishhnoe stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction].
2011. No. 5, pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
7. Subbotin O.S. Features of regeneration of quarters of
historical building. P. 1. Zhilishhnoe stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. No. 10, pp. 22–25. (In Russian).
, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), V.A. LICHMAN
, Candidate of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics),
, Doctor of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics)
NIIMosstroy (8, Vinnitskaya Street, 119192 Moscow, Russian Federation)
Lomonosov Moscow State University (1, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation)
Technique of Instrumental Determination of Energy Consumption in Buildings Taken into Use
The technique of instrumental determining the specific consumption of energy resources for heating, ventilation, hot-water supply, and communal electric power
consumption has been developed. The article states the basic principles laid down in the procedure for determining the energy for heating and ventilation of the
building, expressions for engineering calculations of coefficients of drying and accumulation of external enveloping structures of the building, presents the results
of field tests conducted for determining the specific energy for heating and ventilation of the building.
Keywords: field thermo-technical tests, coefficients of drying and accumulation of external enveloping structures of building, specific consumption of energy
resources for heating and ventilation of building, transmission loss of thermal energy of building.
1. Prizhizhetsky S.I. Questions of energy saving in houses of
industrial series. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo.
2011. No. 12, рр. 30–32. (In Russian).
2. Semenova E.E., Kotova K.S. Development action for
increase of energy efficiency of buildings. Nauchnyi
vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-
stroitel'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Vysokie tekhnologii.
Ekologiya. 2012. No. 1, рр. 193–196. (In Russian).
3. Vasilyev of G.P. Odn from the main problems of energy
efficiency – lack of quality control of construction.
Energosberezhenie. 2014. No. 6, рр. 10–12. (In Russian).
4. Vasilyev G.P., Lichman V.A., Peskov N.V. Modeling of
process of drying of the protecting designs of buildings.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013.
No. 7, рр. 21–26. (In Russian).
A.P. SVINTSOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
E.A. SKORNYAKOVA, Bachelor of technique and technology (email@example.com)
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (6, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, 117198, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Construction Complex as a Subsystem of Meso-Economics
Results of the study of the place and role of the construction complex in the meso-economic space of Russia are presented. The character of participation
of building companies in the meso-economic system is disclosed. The attention is accentuated on the fact that enterprises of the construction complex, in
most cases, are not linked with each other organizationally, but their activity is under the control of a single regional centre of executive authority.
It is shown
that in the process of the construction complex functioning production and economic inter-industry linkages and relationships creating preconditions for
strengthening the significance of the industry in the economy of the country are forming and developing. Construction companies, functioning independently
or as a part of financial-industrial groups, significantly influence on the formation of both regional and macro-economic environment of the country. This
makes it possible to reasonably affirm that the construction represents a major economic complex with numerous intra-industry and inter-industry links and
is a significant subsystem of meso-economics. The generalization of the study results shows that there is a number of scientific tasks and problems solution
of which will make it possible to develop recommendations on the formation of practical orientation of the economic policy of the state at the regional and
Keywords: meso-economics, construction complex, holding, branch, development.
1. Ardasheva Е.Р. Mesoeconomy typology. Vestnik Kazan
skogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta. 2007. No. 3–4,
рр. 218–229. (In Russian).
2. Kovalev A.I. Mesoeconomy: branch or region? Vestnik
Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N.A. Nek
rasova. 2011. Vol. 17. No. 4, рр. 136–139. (In Russian).
3. Lopatnikov L.I. Ekonomiko-matematicheskiy slovar': Slo
var' sovremennoy ekonomicheskoy nauki. Economic
mathematical dictionary: Dictionary of modern economic
science. Moscow: Academy of national economy at the
Government of the Russian Federation: Business. 2003. 520 р.
4. Svintsov A.P. New generation of highly skilled specialists
builders for Russia and foreign countries. Zhilishch
noe stroitel'stvo. [HousingConstruction]. 2013. No. 8б,
рр. 25–28. (In Russian).
5. Prikhod'ko A.N. Relevance of an educational factor in
management of construction production. Ekonomika
obrazovaniya. No. 1. 2011, рр. 172–176. (In Russian).
6. Svintsov A.P., Nikolenko Yu.V., Patrakhal'tsev N.N.,
Ivanov V.N. Improvement of technology of concrete works
in monolithic housing construction. Stroitel'nye materia
ly [Construction materials]. 2012. No. 1, рр. 28–32.
7. Belousova L.S. Branch and territorial transformation of a
construction complex of the region (methodical aspects).
Izvestiya Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta ekonomiki i
finansov. 2010. No. 3 (63), рр. 27–34. (In Russian).
8. Amelina P.Yu. Essence of development as economic
category and type of business activity. Izvestiya Sankt-
Peterburgskogo universiteta ekonomiki i finansov. 2011.
No. 1, рр. 57–59. (In Russian).
9. Beloborodov R.S. Development as effective control system
of the investment and construction project. Sovremennye
tekhnologii upravleniya. 2011. No. 2, рр. 16–22. (In Russian).
V.S. BELYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
OAO “Central Research and Designing Institute for Residential and Public Buildings (TSNIIEPzhilishcha)”
(9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Engineering Method of Calculation of Joints for Panel Buildings External Enclosing Structures
with Due Regard for Air Filtration
A substantiation of a new approach to the assessment of the influence of external air filtration with negative temperature on the heat protection of buildings is made; this
method consists in quantitative accounting (division) of air permeability as transversal, longitudinal and total. The simplified method for the assessment of the influence
of transversal filtration of external, cold air on the heat insulation of external walls is presented. An example of thermal-technical method for assessment of heat
protection properties of horizontal joints for a residential nine-storey house made of one-layer cellular concrete panels, when air filtration is available or not, is given.
Keywords: air permeability, filtration, heat losses, resistance to heat transfer, air flow rate.
1. Belyaev V.S. Techniques of heattechnical calculations of
external protections with recovery of a transmission and
ventilating thermal stream. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2014. No. 1–2, рр. 21–26. (In Russian).
2. Belyaev V.S. External Enclosing Structures with Recuperation
of Transmission Heat. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2013. No. 8, рр. 10–21. (In Russian).
3. Shapiro G.I., Shapiro A.G. Calculation of durability of platform
joints of panel buildings. Industrial and civil engineering.
2008. No. 1, рр. 55–57. (In Russian).
4. Korniyenko S.V. Improvement of the constructive solution
of translucent protections at an assessment of heatlosses.
Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 6,
рр. 72–73. (In Russian).