Table of contents
S.G. SHEINA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), A.N. MINENKO, engineer
Rostov State University of Civil Engineering (162, Sotsialisticheskaya Street, 344, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation)
Development of an Optimization Model of Control over Sustainable Energy Saving of Buildings
Decisions on the reasonability of carrying out energy efficient measures are often made without due regard for requirements for sustainable energy saving. The
aim of this study is the development of an optimization model of selecting the complex of heat insulation measures which are the most efficient from technical,
economical and ecological points of view. To do this, calculations of thermotechnical indicators, carbon dioxide emissions and the cost of heat insulating works
are made. It is expected that the optimization model will promote the sustainable control over energy saving.
Keywords: sustainable energy saving, thermotechnical calculation, heat insulation, ecosystem, required resistance to heat transfer.
1. Telichenko V.I., Bolsherotov A.L. Criteria and principles of
ecological safety in the building sphere assessment system
functioning. Vestnik MGSU. 2012. No. 1, pp. 106–112.
2. Telichenko V.I., Bolsherotov A.L. Complex system of
ecological safety in the building sphere. Zhilishchnoe
stroitel’stvo. 2010. No. 12, pp. 2–5. (In Russian).
3. Tabunshikov U.A. Energy saving and energy efficiency-
worldwide problem of maximal utility. Energosberezhenie.
2010. No. 6, pp. 4. (In Russian).
4. Pavlenko V.B. Miphi «ustoichivogo razvitiya». Global’noe
poteplenie ili polzuchii global’nii perevorot? [Mythos of
«sustainable development». Global warming or «creeping»
global turn?] Moscow: Ob’edinennoe gumanitarnoe
izdatel’stvo. 2011. 944 p. (In Russian).
5. Enzeling A., Bele H. Methodology of economic efficiency
assessment for the energy saving’s investments. Izdatel’stvo
universiteta upravleniia nedvizhimost’u. 2010. No. 2, pp. 3–5.
6. Genzler I.V., Petrova E.F., Sivaev S.B. Energosberezhenie
v mnogokbartirnom dome [Energy saving in the apartment
building]. Tver: Nauchnaya kniga. 2009. 130 p. (In Russian).
7. Sheina S.G., Minenko A.N. Algorithm design of ecosystem
concept implementation in the construction object’s preproject
phase. Inzhenernii vestnik Dona. 2012. No. 4, pp. 132. http://
www.ivdon.ru/uploads/article/pdf/132.pdf_1098.pdf (date of
access 18.09.13). (In Russian).
8. Dudnikova L.V., Masleeva O.V., Kuragina T. I., Pachurin G.V.
Rise of ecological safety of enterprise’s heat and power
supply objects. Sovremennie problemi nauki i obrazovaniia.
2010. No. 1, pp. 113– 118 (In Russian).
V.S. BELYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
OAO “Central Research and Designing Institute for Residential and Public Buildings (TSNIIEPzhilishcha)”
(9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Energy Saving when Selecting Translucent External Enclosures
The article analyzes the ways to reduce heat loss through windows, improve their heat efficiency, notes the heat effect of new designs of windows developed at
OAO “TSNIIEPzhilishcha” and also tested in climatic chambers of this institute. Design features of façade translucent external enclosures including those with
heat recuperation are presented; possibilities and ways of improving their heat efficiency are disclosed. An example of energy saving calculation when selecting
translucent external enclosures is given.
Keywords: façade translucent external enclosures, heat recuperation, ventilated windows, resistance and heat transfer factor, energy saving, transmission
infiltration factor of heat transfer.
1. Korniyenko S.V. Improvement of the constructive solution
of translucent protections at an assessment of heatlosses.
Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010 . No. 6,
рр. 72–73. (In Russian).
2. Belyaev V.S. External protections with recovery of trans
mission and ventilating heat. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Hou
sing Construction]. 2013. No. 12, рр. 39–44. (In Russian).
3. Samarin O.D., Vinskiy P.V. Features of a heat transfer in a
modern power effective glazing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 10, рр. 11–13. (In Russian).
4. Belyaev V.S. Techniques of heattechnical calculations of
external protections with recovery of a transmission and
ventilating thermal stream. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2014. No. 1–2, рр. 21–26. (In Russian).
L.A. OPARINA, Candidate of Sciences (Economics) (L.A.Oparina@gmail.com),
Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (20, 8 Marta Street, 153037, Ivanovo, Russian Federation)
System Approach to Organization of Life Cycle of Energy Efficient Buildings
Problems of the building industry which prevent the designs and construction of energy efficient buildings are revealed. It is established that the use of the system
approach to the organization of the life cycle of energy efficient buildings is necessary for solution of these problems. It is substantiated that the system approach
to the organization of the life cycle of energy efficient buildings meets the principles of sustainable development of living environment and system-technical
principles of energy efficiency. The main goal of system approach in this direction is formulated. The scheme of organization of the building life cycle as a system
developed by the author on the basis of standards of system engineering is offered. On the scheme of a stage of life cycle form structure of works and processes
for the detailed modeling of life cycle of the building as systems.
Keywords: system approach, energy efficient buildings, system engineering, life cycle, organization.
1. Pets T. How to make energy saving effective quickly
and without tragic conse-quences. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 2, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
2. Gagarin V.G. Macroeconomic aspects of justification of
energy saving actions at increase of a heat-shielding
of protecting designs of buildings. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 2, pp. 8–16. (In Russian).
3. Il’ichev V.A., Karpenkon N.I., Yarmakovskiy V.N. About
development of production of construction materials on
the basis of industry by products Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2011. No. 4, pp. 36–42. (In
4. Dyachkova O.N. System approach to an assessment
of efficiency of life cycle of residential multystoried
buildings. Promyshlennoe I grazhdanskoe stroitelstvo
[Industrial and civil engineering]. 2008. No. 11, pp. 41–42.
5. Marszal A.J., Heiselberg P., Bourrelle J.S., Musall E.,
Voss K., Sartori I., Napolitano A. Zero Energy building a
review of definitions and calculation methodologies. Energy
and Buildings. 2011 . No. 43, pp. 971–979.
6. Yakushevsky L.E. Ekologo-tipologichesky approach to system
design of residential buildings. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo
[Housing construction]. 2003. No. 8, pp. 4–7. (In Russian).
7. Oparina L.A. Justification of application of methodology of
process approach to modeling of life cycle of power effective
buildings. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction].
2011. No. 5, pp. 8–10. (In Russian).
8. Aloyan R.M., Oparina L.A., Varamashvili N.I. Formation sis
temotekhnicheskikh of the principles of energy efficiency
of buildings. Vestnik MGSU. 2012. No. 8, pp. 147–153.
9. Golubtsov N.V., Efremov L.G., Ismyatullin R.G. Energeti
cheskaya efficiency of buildings and constructions in aspect
of management of their life cycle. Vestnik of the Chuvash
university. 2013. No. 11, pp. 247–255. (In Russian).
O.D. SAMARIN, Сandidate of Technical Sciences (firstname.lastname@example.org), D.A. SIROTKIN, Engineer
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (Moscow State University of Civil Engineering
(26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
The Possibilities of Decreasing of Thermal Performance of Non-Transparent External Enclosures in Public Buildings
The possibility of using decreased level of thermal performance of external enclosures in terms of demands of SP 50.13330.2012 in public buildings is considered.
The calculation results of design and required specific thermal performance for the series of fourteen buildings with the different sizes and assignment using
procedure of SP, determination of the factor of compactness, heated volume and other geometry and energy parameters at the different values of thermal
resistance of the main non-transparent external enclosures are presented. The analysis of obtained data is given and conditions of using of decreased level of
thermal performance in dependence of the heated volume and constructive peculiarities of the building and also from climatic parameters of the building region
are shown. The paper is illustrated graphically including correlation dependences between the compared factors and also with necessary tabulated data..
Keywords: specific thermal performance, enclosures, heated volume, degree-day, regional factor.
1. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. The requirements to the thermal
performance and energy efficiency in the project of the
actualizationed SNiP «Thermal performance of the buildings».
Zhilishchnoye stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011.
№ 8, pp. 2–6. (In Russian).
2. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. On the requirements to the thermal
performance and energy efficiency in the project of the
actualizationed SNiP «Thermal performance of the buildings».
Vestnik MGSU. 2011. № 7, pp. 59–66. (In Russian).
3. Samarin O.D. Teplofizika. Energosberezheniye. Energoeffek
tivnost’ [Thermal physics. Energy saving. Energy efficiency].
Moscow: Izdatel’stvo ASV [ASV Publishers]. 2011. 296 p.
4. Samarin O.D., Lushin K.I. On energetic balance of residential
buildings]. Novosti teplosnabzheniya. 2007. № 8, pp. 44–46.
5. Samarin O.D. Once more on expedience of increase
of thermal performance of non-transparent enclosures.
Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. № 9,
pp. 56–59. (In Russian).
6. Gagarin V.G. Macroeconomic features of justification
of energy saving measures during increase of thermal
performance of building enclosures. Stroitel’nye materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2010. № 3, pp. 8–16. (In Russian).
7. Gorshkov A.S. Energy efficiency in construction: problems
of standardizing and measures to decrease energy
consumption of buildings. Inzhenerno-stroitel’ny zhurnal.
2010. No. 1, pp. 9–13. (In Russian).
8. Robert Dylewski, Janusz Adamczyk. Economic and ecological
indicators for thermal insulating building investments. Energy
and Buildings. 2012. No. 54, pp. 88–95.
9. Vilune Lapinskiene, Sabina Paulauskaite, Violeta Motuziene.
The analysis of the efficiency of passive energy saving
measures in office buildings. Papers of the 8th International
Conference “Environmental Engineering”. Vilnius. 2011,
, Doctor of Architecture (email@example.com); D.A. LONSHAKOV
National Research Irkutsk State Technical University (83 Lermontova str., Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation)
Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (46 Kostyukova Street, Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation);
Principles of Planning and Improvement Dell City Grove Within the Urban Environment
If the size of the protected green area ( PA ) in the city is not more than group of blocks , and the city‘s engineering network has already launched into the core of
the area and recreation is scat-tered on the grove’s slopes, such PA in the aggressive environment of the city, can only exist as a park with environmental features.
Standard procedure in the organization PAs considered core preservation and recreation is permitted in the peripheral zone. Work shows the inapplicability of this
methodology to a variety of objects. Dell landscapes is analyzed, utilities in the nucleus and that recreational load on boundary slopes have led to degradation. Primarily
affected watercourse. The dell side and bottom ravines are usually developed in the city dell grove. The principles of planning and remediation of such landscapes and
their improvement are developed in order to streamlining the recreational pressure and increasing the environmental capacity of the projected urban groves.
Keywords: Dell City Grove, engineering and recreational pressure, ravine growth, protection of the watercourse , riprap drain, axial planning structure on base
of the creek, zoning of the dell core and peripheral slopes, recreational architecture of the grove improvement.
1. Pulyaevskaya E.V. Historical and cultural potential of Prilenya in
borders of Zhigalovsky municipality of the Irkutsk region. News
of higher education institutions. Investments. Construction.
Real estate. 2013. No. 2, рр. 220–225. (In Russian).
2. Grishina M.P. About parks and gardens in Russia. News of
the Kazan state are-hitekturno-construction university. 2013.
T. 26. No. 4, рр. 25–31. (In Russian).
3. Bednova O.V. Rationing of recreational loads of forest
ecosystems of urban especially protected natural areas.
Traditions and reality. Use and protection of natural resources
in Russia. 2012. No. 1, рр. 47–51. (In Russian).
4. Bashkatov A.N. Topologichesky analysis of valleys of
the city of Saratov and model range. News of the Saratov
university. Series: Sciences about the earth. 2012. V. 10.
No. 2, pp. 3–9. (In Russian).
5. Bolshakov A.G. Entropiya in the broken landscapes and
a geoplasticity method. The Messenger of Irkutsk state
technical university. 2005 . No. 2, pp. 164–171. (In Russian).
6. Bolshakov A.G. Geoplastika in architecture and landscape
planning [Geoplastika v arkhitekture i planirovke landshafta].
Irkutsk: Institute of geography of the Siberian Branch of the
Russian Academy of Science, 2008. 146 p.
7. Bolshakov A.G. Town-planning form of a city landscape as
a condition and result of planning and regulation of town-
planning activity in Irkutsk. The Messenger of Irkutsk state
technical university. 2010. No. 7, pp. 70–80. (In Russian).
8. Bauer N.W., Shabatura L.N. Kultura of formation of a steady urban
environment. The Messenger of Ishimsky state teacher training
college of P.P. Yershov. 2013. Т. 9. No. 3, pp. 4–9. (In Russian).
9. Constructed Wetlands Treatment of Municipal Wastewaters.
Manual. Cincinnati, Ohio: National Risk Management
Research Laboratory, 2010. 165 p.
, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), I.V. MATVEEVA
, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), E.O. SOLOMATIN
1 Research Institute for Building Physics of RAACS (21, Lokomotivny Passage, 127238, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 Tambov State Technical University (106, Sovetskaya Street, 392000, Tambov, Russian Ftderation)
Computer Simulation of Noise Propagation from Various Sources in Urban Development
Principles of the simulation of processes of noise propagation in the urban development which has industrial objects with powerful sources of noise are considered.
The description of a complex computer program, based on the methods of noise field calculation, developed by the authors of the article is given. It is shown that
the offered program can be efficiently used for development of noise protection measures. The program makes it possible to calculate the noise levels inside the
production premises and gives the opportunity to develop noise protection measures inside them. In the course of calculating the noise inside the premises it is
possible to receive information about noise levels on external surfaces of a building. These data are the basis for calculation of noise in the urban development
from buildings as volumetric, flat, linear, and point sources. In addition to these sources, the program can take into account other noise sources located in urban
areas, such as motor transport highways.
Keywords: computer simulation, noise calculation, urban development.
1. Certificate of state registration of computer program №
2012613166. Raschet shumovogo polya v proizvodstvennykh
pomeshcheniyakh energeticheskikh ob»ektov s
krupnogabaritnym oborudovaniem [Calculation of the noise
field in the premises of energy facilities with large equipment].
Antonov A.I., Solomatin E.O. Application № 2012610818;
date receipts. 08.02.2012; regist. 03.04.2012. (In Russian).
2. Certificate of state registration of computer program №
2012613167. Otsenka shumovogo rezhima na territoriyakh,
prilegayushchikh k energeticheskim predpriyatiyam
[Evaluation mode noise in the areas adjacent to the energy
enterprises]. Antonov A.I., Solomatin E.O. Application
№ 2012610819; date receipts. 08.02.2012; regist.
03.04.2012. (In Russian).
3. Solomatin E.O., Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Gusev V.P.
Method of estimation noise mode in industrial premises of
energy facilities. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo. 2009.
No. 5, pp. 250–252. (In Russian).
4. Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O. Combined method
of calculation mode noise in industrial buildings cogeneration
plants. Nauchnyi vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo
arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Stroitel'stvo i
arkhitektura. 2011. No. 2, pp. 16–24. (In Russian).
5. Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O., Gusev V.P.
Methods for calculating the level of the direct sound emitted by
planar noise sources in the urban environment. Zhilishchnoe
stroitel'stvo. 2013. No. 6, pp. 13–15. (In Russian).
6. Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O. The calculation
of the direct sound from the linear noise sources which are
located at industrial enterprises and urban environment.
Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-
stroitel'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura.
2013. No. 31–1 (50), pp. 329–335. (In Russian).
7. Gusev V.P., Ledenev V.I., Solodova M.A., Solomatin E.O.
Combined method calculating the noise levels in large gas-
air channels. Vestnik MGSU. 2011. Vol. 1. No. 3, pp. 33–38.
8. Gusev V.P., Zhogoleva O.A., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O.
Method of estimation of noise propagation through the
air passage of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning.
Zhilishchnoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. No. 6, pp. 52–54. (In Russian).
9. Ledenev V.I., Matveeva I.V., Kryshov S.I. Engineering
evaluation of noise propagation in tunnels and corridors.
Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.
2011. No. 5–2, pp. 393–396. (In Russian).
O.S. SUBBOTIN, Candidate of Sciences (Architecture) (email@example.com),
Kuban State Agrarian University (13, Kalinina Street, 350044, Krasnodar, Russian Federation)
Methodology of Study of Architectural-Town Planning Development of Kuban
Historical regularities of architectural-town planning development of Kuban settlements at key stages of their formation fixed in architectural and town planning
objects of historical and cultural heritage which need new principles of preservation and rational use are determined. Methodical technique and key concepts
corresponding to the theme of the study are considered. The theme is justified not only by the research method, created on the description of facts, but also with
the subsequent conclusions and theoretical proposals. Substantiated conclusions and proposals are in compliance with the factual material, on the basis of which
they are made. The attention is focused on the analysis of the architectural-town planning development of Kuban which involves the application of analytical tools
and methods to historical material in order to reveal the significant relationships and characteristics required for scientific research.
Keywords: methodology, principle, development, preservation, heritage, monument, architecture, town planning, strategy.
1. Kuban': ot neverojatnogo – k ochevidnomu [Kuban: from
the improbable – to obvious]. Compiler by E.A. Tonchu.
M.: Tonchu's publishing house, 2010. 256 p. (In Russian).
2. Subbotin O. S. Landscape and topographical features of
Kuban in a context of formation of the cities and settlements.
Vestnik VolgGASU. Construction and architecture. 2013.
No. 33 (52), pp. 218–224. (In Russian).
3. Subbotin O.S. Monuments of architectural heritage of
Tobolsk. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction].
2011. No. 10, pp. 48–50. (In Russian).
4. Shhenkov A.S. Rekonstrukcija istoricheskoj zastrojki v
Evrope vo vtoroj polovine XX veka: Istoriko-kul'turnye
problemy Puppies of Ampere-second. [Reconstruction
of historical building in Europe in the second half of the
XX century: Historical and cultural problems]. M.: Lenand.
2011. 280 p. (In Russian).
B.L. KRUNDYSHEV, Candidate of Architecture (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Saint-Petersburg Petersburg State University of Civil Engineering (4, 2nd Krasnoarmeyskaya Street, St. Petersburg 190005, Russian Federation)
Architectural Adaptation of a Living Section for Disabled Wheelchair Persons
Ensuring availability of disabled wheelchair persons to inhabited sections of mass building is considered. The classification parameters necessary for reconstruction
actions are specified and examples of planning solutions of entrance knots, standard and entrance floors are offered. Range of necessary architectural and
planning actions is defined. All offers are based on inspection of mass housing construction of St. Petersburg during 1960–1980. Possibility of ensuring availability
of disabled wheelchair persons practically in all houses of standard construction is justified.
Keywords: reconstruction, modernization, modification, living block-section, accessibility, wheelchair, disabled.
1. Safronov K.E. Integrated approach to formation of an
available urban environment. Economy. Business.
Environment. 2009. No. 1, рр. 138–142. (In Russian).
2. Chernyshov M.Yu. Obshchestvo for all by 2010 – search
of ways of the fastest improvement of economic and social
situation of disabled people of Russia through the solution of
social and legal problems. Business and the law. International
economical and legal magazine. 2009 . No. 3, рр. 28–35. (In
3. Smurov A.R., Krukov N. Yu., Semkin P.P. Prisposobleniye
of housing stock for accommodation of handicapped groups
of the population. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012 . No. 11, рр. 22–25. (In Russian).
A.A. MUSATOV, Candidate of Sciences (Art Criticism) (email@example.com),
Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy) (11/4, building 1, structure 4, Rozhdestvenka Street, 107031, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Palaces of Minoan Crete: Living Function and Utilities. Part 2: Minoan Crete – a Civilization that was Ahead of Time
The article analyzes the remains of engineering systems in the palace complexes of Crete. It analyses the places of localization, its organization, and makes
a dating by periods according to the design and materials. On the basis of these studies it attempts to determine the purpose of those areas , where the water
systems were arranged. The article concludes that Minoan Crete was on the extremely high technical level.
Keywords: Minoan palaces, layout , living functions , water carriage.
1. Musatov A.A. Architecture оrigin: a dwelling and a palace
in the first state systems. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. No. 8, pp. 5–8. (In Russian).
2. Musatov A.A. Functions of a temple-palace complex
of Minoan Crete. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. No. 10, pp. 37–41. (In Russian).
3. Musatov A.A. Residential function of the palaces of
the Minoan Crete. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2013. No. 12, pp. 26–30. (In Russian).
4. Musatov A.A. Palaces of Minoan Crete: living function and
utilities. Part 1: Problems of study of ruined architectural
objects. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction].
2014. No. 4, pp. 29–33. (In Russian).
5. Musatov A.A. Periodization of palaces of Minoan Crete on
materials of natural researches. ACADEMIA. 2010. No. 3,
рр. 43–48. (In Russian).
6. Musatov A.A. To a question of a periodization of Minoan
palaces on the lake of Crete. Researches on architecture and
radostroitelstvo history. Works of chair of History of architecture
and town planning of the Moscow Architectural institute.
Vol. 2. M.: DPK Press. 2011, рр. 117–120. (In Russian).
7. Wildung D. Egypt. From Prehistory to the Romans. GmbH,
TASCHEN. 2001. 140 р.
8. K. Aslanidou. Some ornamental scene on the wall paintings
from tell el-dabca: iconography and context. M. Bietak, E.
Czerny. The Synchronization of civilizations in the second
millennium B.C. III. Wien, 2007, рр. 191–205.
9. Lehner М. The Complete Pyramids. The American University
in Cairo press, 2004. Р. 181–183.
10. Bersted D., Turayev B. Istoriya Drevnego Egipta [History of
Ancient Egypt]. Minsk: Harvest. 2003, рр. 191–192.
E.G. VELICHKO1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), E.S. TSKHOVREBOV2, Candidate of Sciences (Economics),
A.E. MEDNOV3, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
1 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoye Hwy, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 Academy of Security and Special Programs (100A, Profsoyuznaya Street, 117485, Moscow, Russian Federation)
3 Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (9, structure 9, Obraztsova Street, 127994, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Assessment of Ecological-Economic Damage in the Course of Construction and Erection Works
The problem of providing ecological safety in the process of building materials handling in the course of construction and erection works, the negative impact
of building products on human health, methods and ways of preventing this impact is considered. The assessment of the impact of building materials on the
environment and human health in the course of construction of foundations, frames, overlaps, structures and facilities is presented. The ecological and economic
damage during construction and erection works is evaluated. On the basis of the analysis of dangerous properties of construction products which are used in
the course of construction and erection works, the number of criteria of ecological assessment of building materials are selected. Problems of reducing the hard
to remove losses of building materials at all stages of construction, resource saving and increasing the level of ecological safety during construction works are
considered. Measures aimed at reducing and minimizing the ecological and economic damage to aquatic medium, air medium, land resources, harm to human
health as a result of violations of the ecological, sanitary and epidemiological legislation, norms and rules of safety and labor protection are analyzed.
Keywords: construction and erection works, environment, waste treatment, building materials, ecological and economic damage.
1. Komarichev A.V., Goncharova M. A., Krokhotin V. V. Dry
Building Mixes with the Use of Metallurgic Production Waste.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013 . No. 5,
рр. 66–67. (In Russian).
2. Galenko A.A., Pleshko M. V. Ceramic tile for interior finishing
of walls with the use of anthropogenic raw materials .
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 4,
рр. 60–66. (In Russian).
3. Lunev G.G. Otsenka of efficiency of use of secondary
construction resources// Ecological systems and devices.
2010 . No. 7, рр. 50–54. (In Russian).
4. Pugin K.G. Issues of Ecology of Use of Ferrous Metallurgy
Solid Waste in Building Materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 8, рр. 54–56. (In Russian).
5. Kanayev A.Yu. Current state of technology of construction
materials on the basis of technogenic production wastes. Science
and the present. 2011. No. 11, рр. 254–257. (In Russian).
6. Tskhovrebov E.S. Ekologo-ekonomichesky aspects of the
address of construction materials. Тhe Messenger of the
Kostroma state university of N. A. Nekrasov. 2013. No. 3,
рр. 10–14. (In Russian).
7. Tskhovrebov E.S. Yayli E.A. Obespechenie ekologicheskoi
bezopasnosti pri proektirovanii ob»ektov nedvizhimosti i
provedenii stroitel'nykh rabot [Ensuring ecological safety at
design of real estate objects and carrying out construction
works]. SPb: RGGMU, 2013. 470 p.