Table of contents
A.R. KRYUKOV, Candidate of Sciences (Architecture), OAO «Central Research and Designing Institute for Residential and Public Buildings» (TSNIIEP zhilishcha)
(9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
On the Unity of rules for determining space-planning indicators of objects capital construction
Set out the principles and present a proposals for advanced development code of rules establishment of space-planning indicators of object capital construction
of different functional purpose and multi-function, presents an analysis and synthesis of existing guidance documents in this area.
Keywords: capital construction objects (Objects), codes of practice design (CP), the space-planning indicators (Indicators), the volume of the object, the object
area, the height of the object, functional and planning areas, functional zoning and planning, building physical boundaries.
1. Neufert P., Neff L. Proektirovanie i stroitel'stvo. Dom, kvartira,
sad [The design and construction. House, apartment,
garden]. M.: «Architectura-S», 2006. 255 p.
2. Kryukov A.R. The utility of skyscrapers. Visotnie zdaniya.
2007. No. 4, pp. 64–67. (In Russian).
3. Kryukov A.R. Guidelines on the interior design in skyscrapers.
Visotnie zdaniya. 2007–2008. No. 6, pp. 64–69. (In Russian).
4. Kryukov A.R., Smurova N. Yu. Multi-functional complexes of
variable number of storeys in industrial construction system
of panel-frame house building. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo
[Housing construction]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 36–40. (In Russian).
5. Kryukov A.R. High-Rise vertical // Visotnie zdaniya. 2008.
No. 3, pp. 64–69. (In Russian).
6. Huw M.A. Evans. Guide to the Building Regulations 2011 Edition.
RIBA Publishing is a part of RIBA Enterprises Ltd., 2010. 424 p.
B.S. SOKOLOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.B. ANTAKOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
K.A. FABRICHNAYA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
The Kazan State University of Architecture and Construction (1, Zelenaya street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Design of Preschool and School Institutions with the Use of Universal Industrial Frame
Construction System (UIFCS) and Large-Size Ceramic Stones
An analysis of specified requirements for preschool and school institutions is made. Space-planning decisions of preschool educational organization and
schools with the use of a new bearing system UIFCS, which is distinct from the known system KUB-2.5 in a principally new design of a joint between columns
and over column slabs that makes it possible to significantly reduce the material consumption of elements and labour intensity of assembling, have been
developed and presented. The use of enclosing structures made of environmentally friendly and energy efficient hollow-porous ceramic large-format stones
is substantiated. Prospects of the development of eco-friendly and ergonomically contemporary typical projects of preschool and school institutions of various
capacity are indicated.
Keywords: preschool institutions, schools, bearing system.
1. Sokolov B.S. Teoriya silovogo soprotivleniya anizotropnykh
materialov szhatiyu i ee prakticheskoe primenenie [The theory of
the power of resistance to compression of anisotropic materials
and its practical application]. Moscow: ASV, 2011. 160 p.
2. Sokolov B.S., Antakov A.B., Fabrichnaya K.A. Compre
hensive research strength hollow-porous ceramic stone and
masonry in compression. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov.
2012. No. 5 (34), pp. 65–71. (In Russian).
V.T. IVANCHENKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), A.A. GRAZHDANKIN, Engineer (GrazhdankinAA@gradoresurs.com),
A.A. ZAYTSEV, Engineer
Kuban State Technological University (2, Moskovskaya Street, Krasnodar, 350072, Russian Federation)
A Passive Energy-Saving Residential Building for Krasnodar Krai
The design of the passive energy-saving residential building is presented. Enclosing structures are made of gas concrete blocks with insulants of rigid mineral
wool boards. The thermal balance of the building is given. The life support system of the building is described. Heating and hot water supply of the two-storey
building are realized with solar batteries mounted on the flat roof of the auxiliary building. Power supply is also provided by solar batteries. To collect electricity
lead accumulators are installed. A diesel generator is used for reserve power supply.
Keywords: passive energy saving building, passive house, insulant, solar collector, solar batteries.
1. Gallyamova G.R., Kobelkov G. V. Energy saving technologies
at construction of buildings: passive house. Aktual'nye
problemy sovremennoi nauki, tekhniki i obrazovaniya. 2013.
T. 2. No. 71, рр. 228–232. (In Russian).
2. Elokhov A.E. Features of design of the passive house
in Russia. Vestnik MGSU. 2009. No. 4, рр. 313–316.
3. Ivanova-Pogrebnyak K. «The passive house» and active
economy. Samoregulirovanie i biznes. 2012. No. 29 (09),
рр. 34–39. (In Russian).
4. Smolyago G. A., Dronova A.V. Possibilities of improvement
of qualities of external walls at construction and operation
of low «passive» houses. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo
gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2010. No. 3, рр. 66–70.
V.P. GUSEV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.V. SIDORINA2, Engineer
1 Scientific Research Institute for Building Physics, Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences
(21, Lokomotivny Proezd, Moscow 127238, Russian Federation)
2 OOO “K-Flex” ( 4th floor, structure B3, BC “Riga Land”, 26th km of Baltic Highway, Krasnogorsky District, Moscow Oblast, 143421 Russian Federation).
Protection against Noise of Water Disposal Systems of Residential and Public Buildings
Acoustic characteristics of pipelines required for the design of water disposal systems (water drains and sewers) and defined experimentally on the special testing
stands are considered. It is shown that widely used various polymer water disposal pipelines can be sources of raised noise in premises of residential and public
buildings. Methods for reducing the structural constituent of noise of polymeric pipelines and air constituent by means of sound insulating coatings on the basis of
contemporary elastomeric and fibrous materials are presented. Measured acoustic characteristics of various coatings which make it possible to select the optimal,
from the acoustic and economy point of view, variants for installing on any pipes radiating noise are also presented. Source data for the development of such
solutions under different situations at objects being designed are the required reduction, which depends on frequency, of expected levels of noise penetrating
through the pipe walls into open or closed ambient space.
Keywords: water drains and sewer systems, pipelines, noise, required reduction of noise, sound insulating coatings.
1. Otstavnov А.А., Sidorina A.V. Noise reduction of domestic
sewage. Santechnika. 2012. № 2, рр. 46–52. (In Russian).
2. Otstavnov A.A., Ustyugov V. A. Noise-quality building
systems. Santechnika. 2005. № 5, рp. 56–60. (In Rus-
3. Gusev V.P. Of noise control equipment engineering systems
// AVOK. 2012. № 2, рр. 38-42, №. 3, рр. 64–69. (In Rus-
4. Gusev V.P. Vibration as a source of structural noise equipment
engineering systems and mass marketing. Academia.
Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo. 2010. № 3. pр. 175–183.
5. Gusev V.P., Sidorina A.V. Сalculation and design of noise
protection transits duct systems HVAC. AVOK. 2013. № 2,
рp. 94–100. (In Russian).
6. Gusev V.P., Sidorina A.V. Insulation of ventilation ducts noise
using elastomeric coatings and fiber materials. Stroitel'nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. № 6. C. 37–41.
O.S. SUBBOTIN, Candidate of Sciences (Architecture), (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Kuban State Agrarian University (13, Kalinina Street, 350044, Krasnodar, Russian Federation)
Development of Population Distribution System and Original Features in Planning of Settlements of Kuban
The history of appearance and development of Kuban is considered. It is revealed that the architectural and town planning development of Kuban settlements
favoured the strengthening of economic relations between Russia and Eastern countries. It is accentuated that the primary goal during the settling of the region
was to execute strategic objectives – protection of the southern borders of the Russian state. Strategic reasons had a great influence on the development of the
regular base of planning of large Cossack villages, stretched out over long distances. It is shown that the part of settlements, acting as a liaison between cities,
developed intensively. In the main, a transit road coincided with the main compositional (planning) axis of the city where the commercial and cultural center of
the city was usually located. In conclusion, it is noted that the leading role belongs to the architectural-planning organization of interior space of a settlement that
create conditions for changing views of long enough and regularly developed streets and squares.
Keywords: settlement, village, development, strategy, architecture, town planning, Kuban.
1. Subbotin O. S. Landscape and topographical features of
Kuban in a context of formation of the cities and settlements.
Vestnik VolgGASU. Stroitelstvo i architectura. 2013. No. 33
(52), pp. 218–224. (In Russian).
2. Esaulov G.V. Arhitekturno-gradostroitel'noe nasledie Juga
Rossii (Ego formirovanie i kul'turnyj potencial) [Cossack
captains architectural and town-planning heritage of the
South of Russia (Its formation and cultural potential)]. Thesis
of Doktor of architecture. Moscow. 2004. 482 p.
3. Kubanskie stanicy: jetnicheskie i kul'turno-bytovye processy
na Kubani [Kuban villages: ethnic and cultural and community
processes in Kuban] Under the editorship of K.V. Chistov.
M.: Nauka. 1967. 355 p. (In Russian).
4. Subbotin O.S. Arhitekturno-gradostroitel'noe razvitie
istoricheskih naselennyh mest Juga Rossii. [Architectural
and town-planning development of the historical occupied
places of the South of Russia]. M.: ASV, 2012. 232 p. (In
5. Apostles L.Ya. Geografichesky sketch of the Kuban area.
[Geograficheskij ocherk Kubanskoj oblasti]. Krasnodar:
Tradicija. 2010. 320 p. (In Russian).
6. Subbotin O.S. Local features and the main lines in
architecture of a traditional low domostroitelstvo of Kuban.
Vestnik MGSU. 2009 . No. 3, pp. 8–13. (In Russian).
7. Kazachinsky V.P. Arhitektura i gradostroitel'stvo Kubani XIX–
XX vv. Chast' 2. Arhitektura Kubani do 1985 g. [Architecture
and town planning of Kuban of the XIX–XX centuries. Part 2.
Architecture of Kuban till 1985]. Krasnodar: YuIM. 2002.
95 p. (In Russian).
8. Hikhlukh L.V. Arhitektura rossijskogo sela: regional'nyj
aspect. [Arkhitektura of the Russian village: regional aspect].
M.: Arkhitektura-S. 2005. 208 p. (In Russian).
M.A. GRANSTREM, Candidate of Sciences (Architecture) (email@example.com), M.V. ZOLOTAREVA, Candidate of Sciences (Architecture) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (4, 2-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya Street, 190005, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Research in the Structure of Historical Housing Development of Saint-Petersburg
Preservation of historical-town planning and architectural heritage of the central areas of Saint-Petersburg, their development, comfortable inclusion in the life of
the contemporary city demands a special approach to the solution of problems of renovation and reconstruction of the historical city environment. The current
period, characterized by active reconstruction of the historical centre, puts forward new requirements for the preservation of cultural heritage objects. Relation
to the history as experience, on which the modern practice should be based, involves the disclosure of historical architectural and town planning processes on
the basis of systematization of existing information and replenishment of missing information. This makes it possible to make an analysis of spatial-temporal
transformations which the city has undergone in the course of its development. Identifying internal regularities of the genesis of these processes is very important.
Keywords: museumification, historical environment, historical city, habitat forming development, structure of urban space, historical-cultural heritage.
1. Zavarikhin S. of the Item St. Petersburg. Architectural
plots. St. Petersburg: Saint- Petersburg State University of
CivilEngineering. 2012. 448 p. (In Russian).
2. Shtiglits M. S. Industrial architecture of St. Petersburg in the
sphere «Industrial archeology». St. Petersburg: «Black and
white». 2003. 280 p. (In Russian).
3. Kurbatov Yu.I. Balans of values of new architecture of historic
center of St. Petersburg (between acceptance of the population
and a tendency of its denial). Architectura i stroitelstvo Moscvi.
2004. No. 2–3, pp. 24–30. (In Russian).
4. Gordeev Yu.V O problems of right application of the standards
of the legislation arising at work on town-planning zoning of
territories in which objects of cultural heritage (from the report
at the international conference «Town-planning culture are
located. Traditions and prospects»). Messenger «Architect.
21st century». 2014. No. 3 (52), pp. 3–14. (In Russian).
5. Granstrem M.A. To a question of preservation of historical
creation of environment building the St. Petersburg. Reports
of the 68th scientific conference of professors, teachers,
scientists, engineers and graduate students of university. P.
3. St. Petersburg: Saint-Petersburg State University of Civil
Engineering. 2011, pp. 46–49. (In Russian).
6. Shvidkovsky D. Russian architecture and the West (2007).
Yale University Press. 2007. 480 p.
I.A. PROKOFIEVA, Candidate of Sciences (Architecture) (email@example.com)
Moscow Architectural Institute (State Academy) (11/4, structure 1, bldg 4, Rozhdestvenka Street, 107031 Moscow, Russian Federation)
Morphotypes of Individual House in Holland and Japan
A morphological analysis of townhouses on the example of traditional and contemporary forms of residential houses of Holland and Japan is presented.
Contemporary townhouses in Holland and the residential house of K. Tange in Japan are a modern version of unique and, at the same, traditional morphotypes
of individual residential houses which are popular and actual in our days under specific conditions and can be widely used in the modern practice of building
Keywords: morphotype, type, form, residential house, tradition, modern times
1. Prokofieva I.A. Kendzo Tange house. Features of spatial
construction. The collection of scientific and practical conferen
ce of the faculty and young scientists «Science, education and
experimental design in Moscow Architectural Institute». Mos
cow: Arkhitektura-S, 2012. Vol. 1, pp. 180–181. (In Russian).
2. Prokofieva I.A. 100 years to Tanga Kendzo. Architectural
anniversaries. Calendar of memorials 2012–2016. Moscow:
Moscow Architectural Institute (The State academy), Prod.
Rudentsov' house, 2012, pp. 114–116. (In Russian).
3. Prokofieva I.A. K. Kurakava – the classic of modern
architecture. Collection of theses of the international
Scientific conference «Modern architecture of the world:
main processes and directions of development». Moscow:
NIITIAG, 2012, pp. 65–66. (In Russian).
4. Prokofieva I.A. Vasilyev A.V. Current state of the Moscow low
ensembles. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2012. No. 1, pp. 42–44. (In Russian).
5. Prokofieva I.A. Vasilyev of A.V. Istoriya of the comfortable
dwelling on the example of the Moscow low ensembles.
Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011. No. 5,
pp. 5–8. (In Russian).
6. Prokofieva I.A. Mobile housing. Japanese house of dream.
The collection of scientific and practical conference of the
faculty and young scientists «Science, education and
experimental design in Moscow Architectural Institute».
Moscow: Arkhitektura-S, 2011. Vol. 1, pp. 249–251.
V.D. KORNIENKO, Engineer-Architect (firstname.lastname@example.org), S.I. CHIKOTA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University (38, Lenin Avenue, Magnitogorsk 455000, Russian Federation)
Problems of Modern Russian Town Planning (on the Example of the City of Magnitogorsk)
On the example of Magnitogorsk the town planning problems and tendencies typical for most Russian cities, namely: increase in building density and number of
storeys in buildings, reducing housing stock and planting, acceleration of building dilapidation, and violation of the architectural harmony of the urban environment
are considered. The general characteristic of the housing stock of Magnitogorsk of different years of construction is presented. The proposed principles of the
reconstructing the existing housing development of different periods are described.
Keywords: town planning problems, principles of housing development reconstruction
1. Sovremennaya arkhitektura mira [Modern architecture of the
world]. Moscow-St.Petersburg: Nestor-History, 2013. 440 p.
2. Kalimullin M.F., Chikota S.I. Actual problems of reconstruction
of a housing estate. Safety of construction fund of Russia.
Problems and decisions: Materials of the International
academic readings. Kursk: Kursk state technical university.
2009, pp. 78–82. (In Russian).
3. Kornienko V.D., Chikota S.I. To a question of safety of
multiroom houses. Architecture of buildings and urban
environment. Release 2.: Interuniversity collection of
scientific works. Magnitogorsk: Magnitogorsk state technical
university. 2013, pp. 35–36. (In Russian).
4. Narkevich M.Yu. Research of an insolyatsionny mode of
a residential development of average number of storeys
of 30–50 of the XX century. Construction and education:
Collection of scientific works. Yekaterinburg: UGTU–UPI.
2007, pp. 125–127. (In Russian).
5. Kornienko V.D., Kutluyarov S.F., Chikota S.I. The Concept
Of Reconstruction Of A Housing Estate 50 – The 60Th Years
Of The XХ Century. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. № 5, рp. 6–8. (In Russian).
h1>A.S. SEMENOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (87, Gorky Street, 600000, Vladimir, Russian Federation)
Organization of Reconstruction of Social Infrastructure Objects
The problem of shortage of the number of places in pre-school educational institutions due to the increased public demand for this type of service at the lack of
pace of development of social infrastructure objects has a national-wide scale. The solution of this problem has been handed over to the authority of regions as
there is a need for the development of individual approaches with due regard for the specificity of the situation existing in cities and permanent control of municipal
and regional authorities. Measures which are carried out for improving affordability and quality of rendering services at pre-school educational institutions of
the city of Vladimir are presented. The necessity for development of a new municipal program of address reconstruction of objects of pre-school educational
institutions is substantiated; recommendations on the development of this program are described.
Keywords: pre-school educational institutions, engineering survey, sociological survey, technical condition, program of reconstruction.
1. Semenov A.A. Current state of housing construction in the
Russian Federation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2014. No. 4, рр. 9–11. (In Russian).
2. Sheina S.G., Babenko L.L. Metodika of advance planning
of placement of educational institutions at reconstruction
of urban areas. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii.
Severo-Kavkazskii region. Seriya: Tekhnicheskie nauki.
2010. No. 5, рр. 80–82. (In Russian).
3. Dmitriyev B.V. Transformation of preschool educational
institutions in the course of reconstruction of a housing
estate. 2011. No. 12. Page 39–41. (In Russian).
4. Kuznetsova A.A. Influence modern legislative and legal
documents on functional and space-planning structure of
buildings of the children's preschool educational organizations.
Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitek
turno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Gradostroitel'stvo i arkhitek
tura. 2014. No. 1, рр. 40–43. (In Russian).
R.E. DASHKO, Doctor of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy) (firstname.lastname@example.org), Ya.A. KARPOVA, Geologist
University of Mines (1, 22nd Line, Vasilyevsky Island, 199106, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Principles of Geotechnical Typification of Saint Petersburg Territory for Above-Ground Construction
The comparative analysis of engineering-geological principles of typification of the Saint Petersburg territory for the above-ground construction developed in 1989
and 2013–2014 is made. It is noted that the moraine deposition of the Ostashkov horizon in reducing medium can’t be considered as a reliable base for surface
structures including of high class of solidity. Experimental studies of the strength and deformation capacity of moraine depositions, formed under the anaerobic
conditions, confirm their relatively low strength. Data on numerical and species compositions of microorganisms of turfs and underlying sand-clay soils of Lakhti
bog in the Primorsky District as one of the natural factors of the transformation of disperse soils properties are presented. The scientific-practical principles and
propositions of the geotechnical typification of the territory for construction of above-ground structures on the example of the Primorsky District of Saint Petersburg
with the use, as a bearing horizon, of Verkhnekotlinskiye clays of the Upper Vendian considered as a fractured-block medium are formulated. The areas, which
are the most favorable for constructing buildings of a higher level of responsibility and complexity, are selected.
Keywords: underground space, geotechnical typification, above-ground structures, contamination, foundations.
1. Shashkin A.G. Proektirovanie zdanii i podzemnykh sooruzhenii
v slozhnykh inzhenerno-geologicheskikh usloviyakh Sankt-
Peterburga [Design of buildings and underground constructions
in difficult engineering-geological conditions of St. Petersburg].
M.: The academic science – Geomarketing, 2014. 352 p.
2. Dashko R.E., Vlasov D. Yu., Shidlovskaya A. V. Geotekhnika
i podzemnaya mikrobiota. [Geotechnics and Underground
microbiota]. Saint-Petersburg: PI Georeconstruction. 2014. 280 p.
3. Dashko R. E., Lange I.Ue. Pollution influence by oil products
and their degradations in the underground environment
on geotechnical parameters of sandy-argillaceous soil.
Geotekhnika. 2013. No. 5/6, pp. 62–75. (In Russian).
4. Erofeyev V. T., Smirnov V. F., Kasimkina M. M., Khudyakov
VA., Smirnova O. N. Research of impact of biologically active
environments on sheetings of construction designs. Privolzhskiy
nauchnyy zhurnal. 2010. No. 1, pp. 30–34. (In Russian).
5. Dashko R.E., Korobko A.A. Geotechnical Aspects of Study
of Lower Cambrian Clays of Saint-Petersburg as the Base of
Structures. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2014. No. 9, pp. 19–22. (In Russian).
6. Zhukova A.M. Geotechnical engineering and hydrogeological
specifics of estimate high-rise buildings construction and
operation conditions (in terms of local zone on the right bank
of Neva river). The Proceedings of the Mining Institute. Saint-
Petersburg: SPSMI(TU), 2010. T.186, pp. 13–17. (In Russian)
O.D. SAMARIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), P.V. VINSKY, Engineer
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Experimental estimation of thermal protection properties of window units
The high priority of adjustment of thermal protection level of transparent constructions using for estimation of annual building energy consumption is considered.
The theoretical approaches to estimation of the dependence of thermal resistance of window units from the difference between external and internal air
temperature based on the general pattern of convective and radiant heat exchange on the glass surfaces and in the glass-to-glass space are presented. The
most important factors influencing on the searched dependence are determined and the dimensionless parameters necessary for processing the results of
experimental measurements of thermal protection properties of glass stacks are defined. The experimental procedure and instruments are described. The
basic results of the research and their statistic processing with correlation dependence and estimation of its reliability are presented. The analysis of obtained
relationships and their comparison with existing experimental data of other authors are given.
Keywords: window unit, glass stack, thermal resistance, convection, Grashoff’s number, correlation dependence.
1. Pchelintseva L.V., Tikhomirnov S.I. Problems of energy
saving in Russia. Present-day requirements to the systems
of window and façade glazing. Academia. Architecturа i
stroitel'stvo. 2010. № 3, рр. 445–449. (In Russian).
2. Christopher Curtland. High-Performance Glazings: Windows
of Opportunity. Buildings. 2013. No. 10, рр. 13–23.
3. Motuziene V., Juodis E.S. Selection of the efficient glazing
for low energy office building. Papers of the 8th International
Conference “Environmental Engineering”. Vilnius. 2011,
4. Verkhovsky A.A., Nanasov I.I., Yelizarova E.V., Galtsev D.I.,
Shcheredin V.V. A new approach to the estimation of energy
efficiency of transparent constructions. Svetoprozrachnye
konstruktsii. 2012. № 1 (81), рр. 10–15. (In Russian).
5. Samarin O.D., Vinsky P.V. Peculiarities of heat transfer in
modern energy efficient glazing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitelstvo
[Housing Constructions]. 2013. № 10, рр. 11–13. (In
6. Prokofyev A.A., Ivanov A.M., Rumyantseva I.A.,Shchu
rov A.N. Properties of glass stacks with heat saving coating.
Okna I dveri. 2005. № 7 (100), рр. 31–33. (In Russian).
7. Krivoshein A.D., Pakhotin G.A. The results of testing of
thermal regime of glass stacks with distance frame «Swiggle
strip», «IPS», «Thermix». Okna I dveri. 2005. № 7, рр. 40–
43. (In Russian).
8. Samarin O.D., Lushin K.I. On energy balance of residential
A.V. MASLYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
Research Seismological Laboratory (1, Akademicheskaya Street, 400074, Volgograd, Russian Federation)
Actions of Russian Population in Earthquake-Resistant Buildings during Earthquake
It is known that the life of population in buildings during the earthquake to a large extent may be dependent on competent evacuation to an open safe place. In
earthquake regions of Russia the population is trained by the corresponding service of EMERCOM of Russia which uses recommendations of scientists for these
purposes. The article analyzes the distinction of actions in buildings during the earthquake recommended by scientists of EMERCOM of Russia to the population
and conclusions of medical scientists about the peculiarities of people’s behavior in this situation. For example, according to studies of medical scientists the
people in seismic-resistant buildings during the powerful earthquake get a psychic trauma which forces them to go to an open safe place as soon as possible,
leads to the exacerbation of “old” or emergence of “new” diseases; forced delay of people in the building after the earthquake affects their health. The article
gives some examples of people’s behavior during strong earthquakes, presents the conclusions of medical scientists concerning the main characteristics of
people’s actions in buildings during the earthquake. But some documents of EMERCOM of Russia recommend that people, in some cases, not leave seismic-
resistant buildings during the earthquake. This is contrary to the provisions of the document SP 14.13330.2011 “Construction in seismic regions. Updated edition
of SNiP II-7-81*” and conclusions of medical scientists and may be causing the deaths of many people in buildings during the earthquake. Basic rules of people’s
behavior in seismic-resistant buildings during the earthquake, the introduction of liability of officials of building industry for the death of people in seismic-resistant
building during the earthquake on the territories of settlements are substantiated; recommendations to the Ministry of education and science of RF about training
specialists for earthquake regions are given.
Keywords: earthquake, buildings, evacuation, people’s life.