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Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №5

Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №5
May, 2014

Table of contents

S.V. NIKOLAEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.K. ShREJBER, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Ju.G. HAJuTIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) Central Research and Designing Institute for Residential and Public Buildings (OAO TSNIIEP zhilishcha) (9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Innovativeness of Panel-Frame House Building System
Two innovations of the panel-frame house building system are described: universal “table on legs” for construction of a panel or panel-frame building over it and “lying” staircase and elevator section as an engineering-communication system of the building; advantages of using floor slabs with hollow core strengtheners as supports for installing cornices, for example, are also described.

Keywords: panel-frame house building system, hollow core slab of off-shuttering molding, staircase and elevator section, hollow core strengtheners, panel house building, frame house building, cast-in-place house building.

References
1. NIKOLAEV S.V. Panel and frame buildings of new generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel`stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, рp. 1–8.

E.A. POPOVA, Head of Master Plan Sector OOO “BRT RUS” (28, Sadovaya-Spasskaya Street, 107078, Moscow, Russian Federation)

The use of Modules when Designing and Constructing Children’s Educational Institutions
The system of arrangement of a modular kindergarten which ensures a flexible layout of different types of children’s pre-school institutions is presented. The schemes of arranging the modular kindergarten are characterized by a volumetric-spatial composition and the presence of modules of functional orientations: group and service-domestic. Along with this the modules contain internal components which ensure their functional purposes. Due to the possibility of location of each module separately and the use of the principle, at least, of double zone planning the variability of maximum number of children per kindergarten is reached. The system of modules arrangement makes it possible to flexibly react to town-planning conditions of the development and specific requirement for children’s institutions in different regions.

Keywords: children’s pre-school institution, group modules, variability of façade decisions, structural scheme of building.

References
1. Nikolaev S.V. Solution of Housing Problem in the Russian Federation on the Basis of Reconstruction and Technical Re-equipment of Housing Construction Industrial Base. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2010. No. 2, pp. 2–5. (In Russian).
2. Nikolaev S.V. Modernization of Base of Large-Panel Housing Construction is a Locomotive of Social Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
3. Nikolaev S.V. Revival of large-panel housing construction in Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 2–8. (In Russian).
4. Chernyak M.Ya. Large-Panel Houses Prefabrication Factory: 40 Years. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
5. Shmelev S.E. Ways of Selection of an Optimal Set of Power- Saving Measures. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 7–8. (In Russian).

I.N. LEKAREV1, Director, A.M. SAFIN2, First Deputy Director, A.G. SIDOROV3, Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Director
1 OOO “AK BARS Engineering” (1, Merediannaya Street, 420124, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)
2 OOO “AK BARS Development” (1, Merediannaya Street, 420124, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)
3 OOO “Kazansky DSK” (118, Kutuya Street, 420087, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)

Conception of Construction from Prefabricated Concrete According to WHaus Standard

The use of prefabricated concrete in the projects of modern development becomes justified from the point of view of reducing the time of construction by several times. At the same time, the quality of living space obtained by an end consumer is ensured by careful and more long-term pre-project elaboration of complex standards of development. The article presents the experience of the Kazan group “AK Bars Development” in introducing and developing the own standard “WHaus” which combines the modern flexible industrial production of reinforced concrete elements and the set of universal engineering decisions used for various construction technologies. The principle of sequence and re-use of the most successful projects of houses in combination with a wide range of comfort levels and consumer preferences is taken as a basis. Principles of the modernization of the old manufacturing site of the large-panel prefabrication plant for a new standard of construction used by the development group are also disclosed. According to the authors the complex engineering approach made it possible to adapt the proposals of foreign suppliers of equipment to the traditions of domestic production of reinforced concrete articles, to save the investment resources and expand the set of technological operations possible in the production process.

Keywords: prefabricated concrete, standard “WHaus”, reinforced concrete products, development.

A.A. MAGAY1, Candidate of Architecture, Director for research, V.I. MINASHKIN2, Director, V.S. ZYRYANOV1 , Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
1 OAO “Central Research and Designing Institute for Residential and Public Buildings” (TSNIIEP zhilishcha) (9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 House Building Factory (8a, Mekhanizatorov Street, 150044, Yaroslavl, Russian Federation)

Modern Trends in Designing Series of Large-Panel Buildings
The experience in reconstruction of large-panel residential houses of the 1-st generation is considered; the impossibility to re-plan premises in buildings with a narrow pitch of cross bearing walls is revealed. It is established that wide pitches of cross bearing walls – 6, 7.2, and 9 m – are the most prospective. The series of residential houses developed for Yaroslavl house building factory includes the pitches of 6.6 and 7.2 m with an additional pitch of 3.6 m that ensures wide planning possibilities for development of various types of flats and premises. The system of panel-frame housing construction developed by OAO “TSNIIEP zhilishcha” is intended for prospective development of the series of large-panel residential houses with a wide pitch of 9 m and more which are able to ensure the possibility of re-planning of flats and premises without correction of structural layout of a building.

Keywords: large-panel housing construction, panel-frame housing construction system, clusters

References
1. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
2. Magay A.A. Нousing construction at the present stage. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
3. Ostretsov V.M., Magay A.A., Voznyuk A.B., Gorelkin A.N. Flexible System of Panel Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 8, pp. 8–11. (In Russian).
4. Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V. Architectural and artistic appearance of tall buildings. Architecture and Construction of Russia. 2009. No. 4, pp. 22–29. (In Russian).
5. Magay A.A. , Stavrovsky G.A. The Use of Curtain Façade Systems with Ventilated Air Gap for Facade Finishing of Large-Panel Dwelling Houses. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 60–62. (In Russian).

L.N. KIM, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), E.V. KASHULINA, engineer, OAO “Central Research and Designing Institute for Residential and Public Buildings” (TSNIIEP zhilishcha) (9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Energy Efficiency of Heat-Saving Translucent Enclosing Structures in Large-Panel Housing Construction (on the Example of P-H-D Series)
Results of the assessment of energy efficiency of translucent structures (TS) in large-panel housing construction on the basis of computer thermal-technical studies of the envelope with design conceptions of external wall panels and with heat-saving glazing on the example of a large-panel building with increased number of floors of P-H-D series developed by specialists of OAO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha» are presented. The thermal-technical solution of an energy efficient translucent structure of large-panel housing construction with a heat-saving pane-glass set is brought. It is established that the replacement of designs of external envelopes of high-rise residential houses of P-H-D series by energy efficient glazing makes it possible to reduce the specific expenses for heating by up to 35%. The domestic window industry is able to ensure the production of energy efficient TS with heat-saving pane-glass sets.

Keywords: energy efficiency, large-panel housing construction, external panels, glazing, translucent enveloping structures, specific consumption of heat energy.

References
1. Kim L.N. A.A., Chernenko E.N. Magay. Increase of heatphysical qualities of translucent designs. Door Windows Facades. 2011. No. 41, pp. 70–75. (In Russian).
2. Kim L.N. Rusakova O. A. To a question of rationing of heattechnical characteristics of SPK. Door Windows Facades. 2011 . No. 4, рр. 22–24. (In Russian).
3. Kim L. N. Teplotekhnicheskaya an assessment of translucent protecting designs. Examination questions . Door Windows Facades. 2012 . No. 46, рр. 16–23. (In Russian).
4. Kim L. N. Teplotekhnicheskaya an assessment of translucent protecting designs in natural conditions. Questions of examination (Continuation). Door Windows Facades. 2012. No. 47, рр. 24–25. (In Russian).
5. Tikhomirnov S. I. Pantyukhov N. A. Shakhnes L.M. About practice design of translucent protecting designs. Door Windows Facades. 2012 . No. 47, рр. 16–23. (In Russian).
6. Kim L. N. Settlement method of a heattechnical evaluation of the window blocks, windows and knots of adjunctions. Door Windows Facades. 2013. No. 49, рр. 36–38. (In Russian).
7. Kim L. N. The factors defining the teploenegetichesky efficiency of windows. Door Windows Facades. 2013. No. 50, рр. 40–44. (In Russian).
8. Tikhomirnov S. I. Shakhnes L.M. Translucent protections in to thermal protection of a cover of the building. Door Windows Facades. 2014. No. 51, рр. 16–23. (In Russian).

A.R. KRUYKOV, Candidate of Architecture, Head of Sector of Low-Rise Residential and Public Buildings Architecture, N.Yu. SMUROVA, architect OAO “Central Research and Designing Institute for Residential and Public Buildings” (TSNIIEP zhilishcha) (9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Multi-Functional Complexes of Variable Number of Storeys in Industrial Construction System of Panel-Frame House Building
Principles and proposals to develop the projects of multi-functional complexes of low-, medium-, and high-rise residential and public buildings in the system of panel-frame house building for unique or repeated construction on urban, suburban, and country territories are presented. The design and construction of civil buildings and multi-functional complexes in the system of panel-frame house building potentially makes it possible to create the considerable diversity of space- planning arrangements of premises with the open lay-out and the architectural look of volume-spatial configuration of buildings consisting of the set of various typical sizes of structural-planning elements. The possibility to realize the “growing house” principle with substitution of configurations of facades and roofs with partial or complete disassembly of enclosing façade structures is shown.

Keywords: civil construction, residential and public buildings, multi-functional complex of development, industrial house building, construction system of panel- frame house building, pre-fabricated buildings, structural-planning element, architectural ensembles, architectural-artistic stylization.

References
1. Nikolaev S. V. Social housing at a new stage of improvement. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 2–8. (In Russian).
2. Krukov A.R. Spetsifika of mass low building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 10, pp. 18– 21. (In Russian).
3. Krukov A.R., Smurova N. Yu. Development of low large- panel housing construction in the combined construction system. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 46–49. (In Russian).

D.V. BOLSHAKOV, Deputy General Director for innovative development, Investment Group “Tomilino” (liter A, A1, microdistrict “Ptitsefabrika”, Tomilino, Lyuberetsky District, 140070, Moscow Region, Russian Federation)

Conditions of Development of Innovation Business-Projects in Construction Industry
It is shown that the successful innovation project in construction industry includes a construction project in the form of an energy efficient residential complex and works «B2B» in the form of an integrated house-building factory which provides duplicated projects with resource provision at the level leaving behind competitors. It is also shown that the use of LEAN, ТРS, BIM systems (economical technologies) makes it possible to get a competitive advantage when promoting a new project at the market. The emphasis is made on the necessity of organizing the new innovative integrated house-building factory for the production of full prefabricated houses with a wide spacing of panels.

Keywords: energy saving, innovation, business-project, integrated house-building factory, standardization, systematic planning.

I.N. TIKHONOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Centre of Designing and Expertise, K.F. SHTRIKER1, engineer, O.V. IVANOVA1, engineer, Yu.S. PETROV2, General Director, T.B. MEZHERA2, Chief Architect, M.I. LEBEDEV2, Chief Engineer
1 NIIZhB named after A.A. Gvozdev (6, structure 5, 2-ya Institutskaya Street, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 OAO “PI “Anapagrazhdanproyekt” (103, Zavodskaya Street, Anapa, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation)

Designing of 16-storey large-panel houses with due regard for seismic loads
Results of the design of 16-storey large-panel houses of typical series 135c with due regard for wind and seismic loads of 7-point intensity are presented. The structural feature of this series of houses is the use of a wide pitch of cross bearing walls of 6.3 m that makes it possible to realize the free layout of domestic premises but reduces the resistance to external loads. On the basis of design results the proposals for correction of typical structural solutions have been developed; main of them is the proposal for increasing the thickness of internal wall panels at socle and the first four floors along the axes between the cells of the structural system with a span of 6.3 m from 160 mm up to 200 mm. Taking into account the correction, design solutions of houses with 16 living floors of 135c series are recommended for construction at sites with a rated seismicity of 7 points.

Keywords: seismicity, large-panel houses, wide pitch, wind load, progressive collapse.

References
1. Tikhonov I.N. Design of elements of buildings from reinforced concrete on emergency loadings taking into account properties of reinforcing hire. Construction mechanics and calculation of constructions. 2007. No. 4, рр. 52–56. (In Russian).
2. Tikhonov I.N. Effective reinforcing of ferroconcrete designs without preliminary tension. Industrial and civil engineering. 2013. No. 1, рр. 25–27. (In Russian).

R.K. KHALIMOV 1 , Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), General Director, R.F. VAGAPOV 2 , Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Director, M.Z. KARANAEV 2 , Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Experimental Designing Laboratory, A.V. OVCHINNIKOV 3 , engineer
1 OOO “Trest KPD” (132/3, Oktyabrya Avenue, 450098, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
2 GUP institute “BashNIIstroy” (3, Konstitutsii Street, 450098, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
3 OOO “Centre of Construction Design” (14, Mira Street, 450098, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)

Technical Re-Equipment of Objects of OOO “Dsk Kpd” Enterprise in Ufa
It is shown that the use of new automated and more productive equipment manufactured now by domestic and foreign firms makes it possible to significantly increase the volume of production of large-panel housing construction articles without expansion of working area of the existing plant. The reasonability of creating an experimental house construction sector with an engineering design bureau for development of flexible technologies of designing and construction of industrial buildings with increase number of storeys is noted.

Keywords: technical re-equipment, large-panel housing construction, flexible technology, energy efficiency.

References
1. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
2 Magay A.A. Нousing construction at the present stage. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
3. Ostretsov V.M., Magay A.A., Voznyuk A.B. , Gorelkin A.N. Flexible System of Panel Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 8, pp. 8–11. (In Russian).
4. Nikolaev S.V. Social housing at a new stage of enhance ment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No 3, рp. 2–8. (In Russian).

B.S. SOKOLOV 1 , Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Corresponding Member of RAACS, G.P. NIKITIN 2 , Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
1 Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, 420043, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)
2 ZAO “Kazan GiproNIIAviaProm” (1, Demen’eva Street, 420127, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)

Strengthening of Platform Joints of Panels of Large-Panel Buildings
Methodology for calculation of strengthening of platform joints of panels and floor slabs of large-panel buildings based on the theory of force resistance of anisotropic materials to compression is presented. It was used at the real object – the 18-storey large-panel residential house in Gabisheva Street in the city of Kazan, its use made it possible to ensure the structural safety and serviceability of the building.

Keywords: large-panel building, platform joint, methodology of strengthening calculation.

References
1. Posobie po proektirovaniju zhilyh zdanij. Vyp. 3. Konstrukcii zhilyh zdanij Moskva (k SNiP 2.08.01–85). TSNIIEP zhilishcha, Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1986. 304 p.
2. Sokolov B.S., Nikitin G.P. Prochnost' gorizontal'nyh stykov zhelezobetonnyh konstrukcij. Moscow: ASV, 2010. 104 p.
3. Sokolov B.S. Teorija silovogo soprotivlenija anizotropnyh materialov szhatiju i ee prakticheskoe primenenie. Moscow: ASV, 2011. 160 p.

V.V. DANEL, Candidate of Sciences (engineering), Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoye Hwy, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Improvement of Designs and Design Schemes of Large-Panel Buildings

A review of proposals concerning improvement of designs of monolithic stylobates under large-panel buildings, designs of socle three-layer external wall panels, panels of the ground non-residential floor, serial external wall panels, the use of foam polystyrene as a heat insulating layer, improvement of designs of vertical loop joints of external and internal wall panels, designs of horizontal joints with a monolithic reinforced concrete chord, the way to increase the bearing capacity of external wall panels by changing the boundary conditions is done. The attention is paid to the choice of finite-element models of large-panel buildings, the determination of joints rigidity.

Keywords: tube-reinforced concrete elements in reinforced concrete, monolithic stylobates under large-panel buildings, three-layer external wall panel with external and internal bearing layers, horizontal joint of external wall panels with monolithic reinforced concrete chord, vertical loop joints of external and internal wall panels, foam polystyrene, seismic resistance, reliability, bearing capacity, combined wall panel, finite-element model of large-panel building, joint rigidity.

References
1. Danel V.V. Zhelezobeton with trubobetonny elements. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 4, pp. 34–39. (In Russian).
2. Danel V.V. Horizontal joint of external wall panels with a monolithic ferroconcrete belt. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 7, pp. 12–13. (In Russian).
3. Danel V.V. Sposob of increase of bearing ability of external three-layer wall panels. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 12, pp. 5–8. (In Russian).
4. Danel V.V. Improvement of loopback joints of wall panels// Housing construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 1–2, pp. 11–15. (In Russian).
5. Danel V.V. Penopolistirol in external wall panels. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 7, pp. 16–18. (In Russian).
6. Danel V.V. Determination of the 3D parameters – the cores modeling joints in KE-models. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 22–27. (In Russian).
7. Danel V.V. The analysis of formulas for determination of rigidity at stretching of a monolithic concrete joint of two ferroconcrete panels crossed by continuous reinforcing cores. Construction mechanics and calculation of constructions. 2010 . No. 3, рр. 4–13. (In Russian).
8. Danel V.V. The analysis of formulas for the determination of shift rigidity of a bezshponochny vertical monolithic concrete joint of two ferroconcrete panels crossed by continuous reinforcing cores. Construction mechanics and calculation of constructions. 2013 . No. 5, рр. 2–10. (In Russian).
9. Danel V.V. Definition of zhyostkost of platform joints. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 2, pp. 32–35. (In Russian).

B.S. SOKOLOV, Corresponding Member of RAABS, Yu.V. MIRONOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, 420043, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)

Strength and Yielding of Vertical Joints of Wall Panels with Flexible Loops
Connections between panels and completion of joints are the most responsible operations of the technological process of construction of a building. They demand a simple design and at the same time they have to meet the requirements of reliability, strength, and durability. The weldless joints are the most modern in large-panel housing construction. The study of weldless joint is aimed at the development of a new and improvement of existing approaches to the assessment of strength and flexibility. The article presents the results of the multifactor computer simulation of the stressed-strained state and experimental studies of loop-like joints. The types of destruction of joints are considered, the stages of work of joints and the character of destruction are defined. Values of destructive loads are obtained numerically and experimentally. The data obtained make it possible to develop the methodology of their strength calculation, to assess the yielding.

Keywords: vertical joint of panels, flexible cable-loop, strength, yielding.

References
1. Mironova Yu.V., Sokolov B.S., Gataullina D.R. Ways of overcoming of a crisis state of large-panel housing construction. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
2. Mironova Yu.V., Bobkov M.A. Intense the deformed state the bessvarnykh of joints of ferroconcrete wall panels. Town planning, reconstruction and engineering support of a sustainable development of the cities of the Volga region: Collection of works II of the All-Russian scientific and practical conference. Tolyatti, on September 8–10, 2009. Tolyatti: TGU, 2009. 380 р. (In Russian).
3. Zenin S.A. Design of inhabited large-panel houses with application the bessvarnykh of joints at hummock loopback connections. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 7, pp. 14–15. (In Russian).
4. Sokolov B.S. Falcons theory of power resistance of anisotropic materials to compression and its practical application. Moscow: ASV, 2011. 160 p. (In Russian).

N.V. DUBYNIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Residential and Public Buildings Architecture Department, OAO “Central Research and Designing Institute for Residential and Public Buildings” (TSNIIEP zhilishcha) (9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Hwy, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Architecture of multifunctional buildings and new building systems

The article considers the prospects and current possibilities for designing and constructing multifunctional buildings and complexes on the basis of the use of innovative developments of the building science in the field of developing the normative-methodological base of architectural designing and new structural- technological solutions of building systems, including the system of panel-frame housing construction – SPFHC. Characteristic advantages of the new system for formation of architectural-planning and architectural-artistic solutions of objects under designing as well as technical-economic features characterizing the system as competitive along with existing ones (panel, frame and monolithic) are described. The conclusion is made about the prospects of complex introduction of building science developments into the process of designing and construction of multifunctional buildings that significantly expedite the development of these objects.

Keywords: architecture, multifunctional buildings, multifunctional complexes, architectural designing, building science.

References
1. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
2 Magay A.A. Нousing construction at the present stage. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
3. Ostretsov V.M., Magay A.A., Voznyuk A.B. , Gorelkin A.N. Flexible System of Panel Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 8, pp. 8–11. (In Russian).
4. Nikolaev S.V. Social housing at a new stage of enhance ment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 3, рp. 2–8. (In Russian).
5. Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V. Architectural and artistic appearance of tall buildings. Architecture and Construction of Russia. 2009. No. 4, pp. 22–29. (In Russian).
6. Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V. Modern glass in architecture of multipurpose high-rise buildings. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 4, pp. 108–111. (In Russian).

I.A. LUNDYSHEV, Engineer, Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnical University (29, Polytechnicheskaya Street, Saint Petersburg, 195251, Russian Federation)

The History of Work with Monolithic Foam Concrete in Housing Construction. Solutions, Problems, and Features
One of the most prospective technologies of insulation, the use of monolithic heat insulation foam concrete at the construction site with its pouring into the permanent formwork, is considered. The experience of the first use of the monolithic foam concrete technology for heat insulation of a roof, enclosing structures, attics and low-rise construction is described; problems and features of its application are analyzed; a brief analysis of the system of monolithic foam concrete quality control is made.

Keywords: monolithic foam concrete, permanent formwork, insulation, quality control.

References
1. Vylegzhanin V.P., Pinsker V.A. Gas Concrete in Housing Construction and Perspectives of Its Production and Use in the Russian Federation. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 1, pp. 6–8. (In Russian).
2. Khafizova E.N., Kudomanov M.V., Cherepanov V.I., Sukachenko V.N. Development of Wall Blocks on the Basis of Claydite Polystyrene Concrete. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 2, pp. 23–24. (In Russian).
3. Vasil’ev V.D. Monolithic foam concrete technology «SOVBI». Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2005. No. 12, p. 39. (In Russian).
4. Kaufman B.N. Proizvodstvo i primenenie penobetona v stroitel'stve. [Production and use of foam concrete in construction] Moscow: Narkomstroi 1940. 128 р.
5. Short A., Kinniburgh W. Lightweight concrete. London: Applied Science Publishers, 1978. 464 p.
6. Bevilacqua L. Technology FOAMCEM light cellular concrete. Vicenza: Laston Italiana, 2007. 51 p.
7. STO-001-50845180–2008 Heat-insulating not autoclave monolithic foam concrete «SOVBI». Saint-Petersburg: MTsPT, VNIPIenergoprom, 2008. 45 р.
8. Album of standard decisions in multystoried and low construction with use of monolithic foam concrete on the SOVBI technology of SP-II\2007 (edition of 2013). Saint- Petersburg: MTsPT, 2013. 74 p.
9. Lundyshev I.A. The use of timber framing in low-rise housing construction with monolithic foam concrete heat insulation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 28–29.
10. Lundyshev I.A. The use of monolithic foam concrete for heat insulation of heating lines. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 8, pр. 30–31. (In Russian).
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