Table of contents
L.V. SAPACHEVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), E.I. YUMASHEVA, Engineer-Technologist,
OOO RIF “Stroymaterialy” (9, building 3, Dmitrovskoe Highway, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Large Panel Building Construction Remains the Most Rapid and Cost-Effective
The IV International Scientific-Practical Conference “Development of Large-Panel Housing Construction in Russia – InterConPan-2014” took place in Saint-
Petersburg on June 24-25, 2014. Over 230 persons from 30 regions of the Russian Federation and 7 foreign countries participated in the conference.
Representatives of 20 machine building companies from Russia, CIS States, Finland, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Austria, scientists from four Russian institutes of
higher education and ten research institutes also found it necessary to take part in this event. The conference was traditionally organized by the Central Research
and Design Institute for Dwelling and Public Buildings (TSNIIEPzhilishcha) and the joint editorial board of scientific-technical journals “Housing Construction” and
“Construction Materials”. Sponsors of the event were TSNIIEPzhilishcha and LSR Group. Partners of the conference were ZAO “Patriot-Engineering” (Moscow),
OOO “Torgovy dom SUPERPLAST” (Vladimir), WECKENMANN (Germany), EVG (Austria), ALLBAU (Germany)..
Keywords: panel house building, frame house building, cast-in-place house building
1. Shmelev S.E. Experience in Complex Reconstruction of
Large-Panel Prefabrication Plants Using Energy Saving
Technologies. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2011. No. 4, pp. 7–11. (In Russian).
2. Sokolov B.S., Mironova Yu.V., Gataullina D.R. Ways of
Overcoming of Crisis Situation in Large-Panel Housing
Construction. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2011. No. 4, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
3. Krasnova T.A., Baturin I.A. Issues of Improving the Surface
Quality of Reinforced Concrete Products. Stroitel'nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 25–27. (In Russian).
4. Bogomolov O.V. Experience of Energy Saving at Industrial
Enterprises. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2014. No. 5, pp. 28–29. (In Russian).
V.V. RODEVICH1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), S.A. ARZAMASTSEV2, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
1 «Stroytehinnovatsii», LLC (of. 616, Akademicheskiy ave. 8/8, 634055, Tomsk, Russian Federation)
2 Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (2, sq. Solyanaya, 634003, Tomsk, Russian Federation)
Experimental studies of reinforced concrete elements in bending with torsion under static and dynamic loadings
The results of experimental studies of reinforced concrete elements in bending with torsion under static and dynamic effects are presented. Experimental studies
were carried out at the Department of reinforced concrete and masonry structures of the Tomsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. It is
shown that a destruction of reinforced concrete beams occurs with formation of complex spatial cross section, which cracks are at an angle of 45 degrees. A
number of aspects that may be useful for dynamic analysis and design of structures are shown.
Keywords: reinforced concrete, bending, torsion, static loading, dynamic loading.
1. Bakhotsky I.V. Theoretical research intense the deformed
state the fibrozhelezobetonnykh of the elements subject
to impact of torsion with a bend. Materials of the V-th
international conference «Actual Problems of Architecture
and Construction». Vol. 1. St. Petersburg: Saint-Petersburg
Petersburg State University of Civil Engineering. 2013,
рр. 163–169. (In Russian).
2. Kolchunov V.I. Povetkin M.S., Merkulov D.S. results of pilot
studies of ferroconcrete designs of compound section. News
of Southwest state university. 2009. No. 3/6, рр. 67–74.
3. Merkulov S.I. Starodubtsev S.V. Pilot studies of rod
ferroconcrete elements of the compound section subjected
to a bend with torsion. Construction and reconstruction.
2012. No. 2, рр. 20–24. (In Russian).
4. Safonov A.G. Engineering method of calculation of
ferroconcrete designs on torsion action with a bend. Тhe
VGASU Scientific bulletin. Construction and Architecture.
2009. No. 2(14), рр. 43–50. (In Russian).
, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), A.A. OVCHINNIKOV
, Engineer (email@example.com)
Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (2, Solyanaya Square, 634003 Tomsk, Russian Federation)
«Stroytehinnovatsii», LLC (of. 616, Akademicheskiy ave. 8/8, 634055, Tomsk, Russian Federation)
Development of Energy-Efficient Large-Panel Enclosing Structures*
The actual issues of energy efficiency in the large-panel house prefabrication, ways of improvement and achievements with the use of up-to-date composite
materials are covered. The structural-technological conception of three-layer external wall panels with the use of composite flexible bracings made of glass fiber
rods is offered. The analysis of the stress-strain state of external wall panels with flexible bracings with due regard for long-term operation is made; suggestions
for the improvement of structural design of external wall panels of large-panel buildings are offered. Results both of experimental and theoretical studies of the
considered structures for determination of structural reliability and thermotechnical efficiency and the use of up-to-date programming and computing suites are
Keywords: enclosing structure, wall panel, energy efficiency, composite reinforcement.
1. Yarmakovsky V.N., Semeniuk P.N. Rodevich V.V.,
Lugovoi A.V. To improve the structural and technological
solutions of three-layer external wall panels of large buildings
in the direction of increase of their thermal protection function
and operational reliability. Actual issues of building physics
– energy efficiency, reliability and environmental safety:
Materials of the IV Academic readings RAACES. Moscow,
2012, pp. 47–64. (In Russian).
2. Karpenko N.I., Yarmakovsky V.N. Main Ways of Resource-
Energy Saving at Construction and Operation of Buildings.
Part 1. Resource-Energy Saving at the Stage of Producing of
Building Materials, Wall Products and Enclosing Structures.
Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 7,
pp. 12–19. (In Russian).
3. Karpenko N.I., Yarmakovsky V.N. Main Ways of Resource-
Energy Saving in the Course of Construction and Operation
of Buildings. Part 1 (continuation) Resource-Energy Saving at
the Stage of Manufacturing Building Materials, Wall Products,
Enclosing and Bearing Structures. Stroitel'nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 65–72. (In Russian).
4. Karpenko N.I., Yarmakovsky V.N. Main Directions of Resource
and Energy Saving during the Construction and Operation of
Buildings. Part 2 (continuation). Resource and Energy Saving
at the Stage of Installation (erection) of Structural System of a
Building and its Operation. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2013. No. 9, pp. 46–55. (In Russian).
5. Patent RF 35119. Layered Wall Panel of the building [Sloistaya
stenovaya panel' zdaniya]. Shapiro G.I., Yarmakovskii V.N.,
Roginskii S.L. Appl. 21.05.2003. Publ. 27.12.2003. Bulletin
No. 36. (In Russian).
6. Patent RF 2147655. The connecting element [Soedinitel'nyi
element]. Roginskii S.L., Antipov V.V., Yarmakovsky V.N.
Appl. 12.10.1999. Publ. 20.04.2000. Bulletin No. 11. (In
7. Lugovoy A.N. Enhancement of Energy Efficiency of
Enclosing Structures. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 32–33. (In Russian).
8. Lugovoy A.N., Kovrigin A.G. Composite Flexible Bracings
for Three-Layered Thermal Efficient Panels. Stroitel'nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 22–23.
B.S. BATALIN, Doktor of Sciences (Engineering)
Perm State National Research Polytechnical University (29, Komsomolsky ave., 614990, Perm, Russian Federation)
New material for the construction of housing
New material taumalit is presented. It is made on ZhBK JSC Saturn-R (Perm). The history of production of wall panels from this material is given. It is shown that
in spite of the higher cost of a taumalit in comparison with other building materials , (its price is 1,5 times more than a gas concrete), in many parameters from the
point of view of economy he even wins. If to compare the cost of walls of the house of 100 sq.m, construction from the taumalit blocks will be at 5–6 times cheaper
than construction from a ceramic bricks. In this case the speed of construction is the same as in panel housing construction.
Keywords: taumalit, the wall panel, gypsum materials, environmental friendliness, waste of the woodworking industry.
1. Babkov V.V., Latypov V.M., Lomakina L.N. Shigapov R.I.
Modified Gypsum Binders of High Water Resistance and
Gypsum-Claydite-Concrete Wall Blocks for Low-Rise
Housing Construction on their Basis. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction materials]. 2012. No. 7, pp. 4–7. (In Russian).
2. Rakhimov R.Z., Haliullin M.I. State and Tendencies of
Development of the Gypsum Building Materials Industry.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2010. No. 12,
pp. 44–46. (In Russian).
3. Mukhametrakhimov R.H., Izotov V.S. Peculiarities of
Hydration Process of a Modified Mixed Binder for Fiber-
Cement Slabs. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
materials]. 2014. No. 1–2, pp. 116–118. (In Russian).
4. Izotov V.S., Mukhametrakhimov R.H., Sabitov L.S. Cement-
Fibrous Composite Material for Fibrocement Slabs.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2011 . No. 5,
pp. 21–22. (In Russian).
5. Lavlinskaya O.V., Sukhorukova S.S., Lazareva V.A.
Strukova T.Yu. Melnikova E.I. Research of influence of
a look and the sizes of a wood filler on properties the
gipsostruzhechnykh of plates. The Actual directions of
scientific researches of the XXI century: theory and practice.
2014 . No. 2–1 (7–1), pp. 130–135. (In Russian).
6. Hritankov V.F. Shantina L.V. Denisov A.S. Pichugin A.P.
Gipsobetonnye of the product with organic porous fillers.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2006 . No. 7,
pp. 10–11. (In Russian).
7. Volkova N.G., Popova Yu.K. The triune problem of ecology in
relation to construction problems. ACADEMIA. Architecture
and construction. 2009 . No. 5, pp. 108–116. (In Russian).
, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org), S.A. SAZONOVA
, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.V. LYSKOV
Perm National Research Polytechnic University ( 29, Komsomolsky Avenue, 614000, Perm, Russian Federation)
2 ZhBK Factory OOO “Saturn-P” (80, 3rd Embankment Street, 614013, Perm, Russian Federation)
Full-Scale Tests of a Multicore Slab with Fibrolite Void Formers
Methods and results of the full-scale tests of floor slabs of a new type for frame buildings are considered. The detailed description of the floor slab design with
fibrolite void formers remaining in the body of the slab is presented; main technological and structural features of the product are pointed out. In the result of full-
scale tests of slabs the data on deflections, widths of crack opening at different stages of loading, values of relative strains on the slab surface under the action
of normative and estimated operating loads have been obtained. The pattern of characteristic cracks on the surfaces and sides of the slab has been defined.
The values of ultimate breaking loads and safety coefficients have been determined. The conclusion about suitability of slabs for use in civil construction and
advantages of the use of this type of floor slabs is drawn.
Keywords: multicore floor slab, fibrolite, key connection, full-scale test, deflection.
1. Badalova E.N. Durability in normal way to the section of ferroconcrete
multihollow plates of the overlappings strengthened by fittings from carbon fibers.
Vestnik Polotskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2011. No. 16, pp. 60–66.
2. Karyakin A.A., Sonin S.A., Popp P.V., Aliluev M.V. Test of a natural fragment
of a combined and monolithic framework of system of ARKOS with flat
overlappings // Vestnik YuUrGU. Seriya: stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura. 2009.
No. 35 (168), pp. 16–20. (In Russian).
3. Mordich A.I., Galkin S.L. Results of test of combined and monolithic overlapping
of the frame building vertical loading // Stroitel'naya nauka i tekhnika. 2011.
No. 3 (36). http://bsc.by/story/ (address date 25.03.2014). (In Russian).
4. Kosykh A.A., Sursanov D.N. Problems of heritage buildings monitoring in case
of new constructing in compliance with the laws. Vestnik PNIPU «Stroitel'stvo i
arkhitektura». 2013. No. 1 (9), pp. 75–88. (In Russian).
5. Kar'kin I.N., Stashkov A.N. Research of ways of fastening of tensometric
sensors of string type. MONITORING. Nauka i bezopasnost'. 2012. No. 3 (7),
pp. 86–89. (In Russian).
6. Ponomaryov A.B, Ofrikhter V.G. Need of system monitoring of operated
constructions for the purpose of ensuring their constructive safety. Vestnik
tsentral'nogo regional'nogo otdeleniya Rossiiskoi akademii arkhitektury i
stroitel'nykh nauk. 2006, pp. 134. (In Russian).
7. Sazonova S.A., Bochkareva T.M. Modeling of waterproofing system of
underground buildings and constructions. Vestnik PNIPU «Urbanistika». 2012.
No. 2, pp. 54–65. (In Russian).
8. Yarov V.A., Koyankin A.A., Skripal'shchikov K.V. Researches intense the
deformed condition of the monolithic overlappings executed with heat-
insulating inserts. Vestnik MGSU. 2010. No. 1, pp. 107–112. (In Russian).
N.G. POCHINCHUK, Manager, A.V. FEFELOV, Director for development (email@example.com)
“Elticon” Group of Companies (183, Nezavisimosti Avenue, Minsk, 220125, Republic of Belarus)
System Approach of “Elticon” Group of Companies to Reconstruction
and New Construction of House Building Factories
On the basis of the unique experience accumulated by specialist of the “Elticon” Group of Companies, in cooperation with leading European companies, the
system approach to reconstruction and new construction of house building factories and large-panel prefabrication plants has been developed. The essence of the
approach is that the process of reconstruction or new construction begins from the preliminary stage, the so-called pilot project. The development of the pilot project
is systematized and conventionally presented in the form of 10 consecutive steps from the target setting up to development of a sketch plan of new production.
Keywords: reconstruction of large-panel prefabrication plant, pilot project, flexible production, structural system of a building.
1. Pochinchuk N.G., Goncharov A.M. Complex Reconstruction
of OAO “Gomelsky DSK”: Experience, Prospects.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011.
No. 3, pp. 36–41. (In Russian).
2. Pochinchuk N.G., Pakhomenko A.V., Fefelov A.V. Up-to-Date
Automated System of Control of Technological Processes of
a Concrete Mixing Plant. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. No. 7, pp. 32–39. (In Russian).
T.A. AKHMYAROV, engineer, A.V. SPIRIDONOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), I.L. SHUBIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Director,
Scientific and Research Institute of Building Physics (21, Lokomotivny Passage, 127238, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Energy efficient ventilated envelopes with active recovery of the heat flow an insulation
For achievement of norms on a energy efficient envelopes (walls and roofs) the considerable layer of a heater is used that in today's conditions is not always
economically and energetically effectually. For this reason in recent years the increasing attention including in our country, it is given to new ideology which
received the general name «systems of «active» energy saving» (SAE). Generally systems which use secondary energy resources treat SAE, nonconventional
and renewables, and also auto-regulation at change of conditions – as outside, and in buildings. Basis of the offers stated in the present article, the energy efficient
ventilated envelopes (EEVE) with active recovery of a heat flow which can be widely used for construction and reconstruction of buildings and constructions with
the minimum energy consumption are. Offered envelopes actually become stitched devices of system of ventilation with the subsequent active recovery of heat
going earlier to the atmosphere through external protections of buildings. The moist mode and heat-technical uniformity of external envelopes of buildings also
Keywords: еnergy efficient ventilated envelopes, system of active energy saving, recovery of transmission heat.
1. Shubin I.L., Spiridonov A.V. Legislation for Energy
Conservation in USA, Europe and Russia. Ways for Decision.
Vestnik MGSU. 2011. No. 3, v. 1, pp. 4–14. (In Russian).
2. Shubin I.L., Spiridonov A.V. Problems in energy conservation
in Russian construction industry. Energosberezhenie. No. 1.
2013, pp. 15–21. (In Russian).
3. Akhmyarov T.A., Spiridonov A.V., Choubin I.L. The principles
of design and an assessment of the external protecting designs
with use of modern technologies of «active» energy saving
and recovery of a thermal stream. Zhilishnoe stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 6, рр. 8–13. (In Russian).
4. Danilevsky L.N. Printsipy proektirovaniya I inzhenernoe
oborudovanie energoeffektivnyh zhilyk zdanii [Principles
of design and engineering equipment of energy efficient
residential buildings]. Minsk: BusinessSofset. 2011. 374 p.
5. Umniakova N.P. Constuction of Energy effective buildings
for reduction of negative influence on the environment.
Vestnik MGSU. 2011. No. 3, pp. 459–464. (In Russian).
6. Akhmyarov T.A., Belyaev V.S., Spiridonov A.V., Shubin I.L.
System of active energy saving with heat recovery.
Energosberezhenie. 2013. No. 4, pp. 36–46. (In Russian).
7. Belyaev V. S., VA Mullets. Akhmyarov T.A. The decentralized
forced-air and exhaust system of ventilation with heat
recovery. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2011. No. 3, рр. 73–77. (In Russian).
P.N. UMNYAKOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering)
Institute of Restoration Arts (9B, struсture 2, Dmitrovskoye Highway, 125434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Influence of Filtration and Exfiltration on Heat Protection
of Enclosing Structures with Due Regard for Porosity of Materials
The process of heat transfer through the porous external enclosing structure in the course of filtration and exfiltration is considered. At that, for determining the
level of heat protection of enclosures at air permeability the author takes into account not only the heat transfer coefficient but also the porosity of material. The
calculations conducted show that when the material porosity is taken into account, temperature values obtained on the inner surface of the enclosure and its
resistance to heat transfer considerably better correlate with experimental values and are not overrated.
Keywords: material porosity, heat protection properties, infiltration, exfiltration, air permeability, porous wall, temperature.
1. Umnyakov P.N. Heatphysical processes of an infiltration
through a porous multilayered hollow wall. Sb. «Ecological
safety and energy saving in construction». Moscow – Kavala
(Greece): NIISF RAASN. 2013, рр. 38–42. (In Russian).
2. Sadykov R.A. The theory of processes of stationary nonlinear
transfer taking into account a filtration of air, condensation
or evaporation of vaporous moisture. News of the Kazan
state architectural and construction university. 2011 . No. 3,
рр. 268–276. (In Russian).
Z.G. TER-MARTIROSYAN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.Z. TER-MARTIROSYAN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
E.S. SOBOLEV, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoye Highway, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Stress-Strain State of Soil Mass When Sinking a Pile into the Guiding Borehole
Statements and solutions of contact problems of the stress-strain state (SSS) of the soil mass interacting with a pile with due regard for elastic-plastic properties
of soils are presented. The sinking of the pile into the guiding borehole by jacking leads to the initiation of complex SSS in the soil surrounding the pile and under
the pile tip which defines its bearing capacity under the impact of external load. At present, the bearing capacity of jacked piles when arranging guiding boreholes
is determined by the tables of normative documents or by the results of field tests of the pile, i.e. without accounting of SSS, which is formed around the pile. The
analytical solution of the problem of interaction of the jacked pile with soil ground with due regard for linear and non-linear properties of soils makes it possible
to evaluate quantitatively the bearing capacity of jacked piles depending on the parameters of strength and deformability of soil without the use of tables and
Keywords: stress-strain state, guiding borehole, jacked piles, deformability of soils.
1. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Korolev M.V., Konash V.M. Interaction
crushing pile with a uniform and non-uniform basis, taking
into account nonlinear and rheological properties of soils.
Vestnik MGSU. 2008. No. 2, pp. 63–80. (In Russian).
2. Doroshkevich, N.M., Znamenskii, V.V., Kudinov, V.I.
Engineering methods of calculation of pile foundations for
different schemes of loading. Vestnik MGSU. 2006. No. 1,
pp. 119–132. (In Russian).
3. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Ter-Martirosyan A.Z., Sidorov V.V.
Creep and long-term bearing capacity of a long pile in clay.
Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil
Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering «Callenges and
innovations in geotechnics». Paris. 2013, pp. 2882–2884.
4. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Ter-Martirosyan A.Z., Sobolev E.S.
Stress-strain state of nonlinear deformable soil mass
enclosing a long pile. Proceedings of XIII International
Symposium on Rheology of soils. Kazan: KSUAE. 2012,
pp. 48–52. (In Russian).
5. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Ter-Martirosyan A.Z., Sobolev E.S.
Creep and vibrocreep sandy soils. Inzhenernye izyskaniya.
2014. No. 4–5, pp. 24–28. (In Russian).
R.E. DASHKO, Doctor of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy) (email@example.com), I.Yu. LANGE, Geologist
Saint-Petersburg State mining institute (1, 22nd Line, Vasilyevsky Island, 199106 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Negative Consequences of Underground Environment Contamination with Petroleum Hydrocarbons:
Transformation of Soils and Structural Materials
Natural and anthropogenic factors of the transformation of the underground space of St. Petersburg are analyzed. Results of the study of petroleum contamination
of the city underground space are presented; main sources of oil products ingress into the underground medium are shown. The influence of processes of
activization of microbiological activity and biochemical transformation of petroleum hydrocarbons, changes in oxidation-reduction and acid-alkali conditions of
the environment are considered. Some aspects of the effect of microorganisms on the geotechnical conditions of construction, changes in the compositions and
properties of sand-clay deposits are also considered. Results of the determination of chemical composition of ground waters within the limits of the south-west
part of Vasilyevsky Island under the effect of petroleum contamination are presented. A summary of results of microbiological studies in the soil depth section on
the territory of the 26st Line of Vasilyevsky Island is given. Processes of biocorrosion of concrete structures have been studied.
Keywords: underground space, petroleum hydrocarbons, microbiota, biocorrosion, concrete structures.
1. Dashko R. E., Lange I.Ue. Pollution influence by oil products
and their degradations in the underground environment
on geotechnical parameters of sandy-argillaceous soil.
Geotekhnika. 2013. No. 5/6, pp. 62–75. (In Russian).
2. Dashko R.E., Vlasov D. Yu., Shidlovskaya A. V. Geotekhnikai
podzemnaya mikrobiota. [Geotechnics and Underground
microbiota]. Saint-Petersburg: PI Georeconstruction. 2014.
3. Erofeyev V. T., Smirnov V. F., Kasimkina M. M., Khudyakov VA.,
Smirnova O. N. Research of impact of biologically active
environments on sheetings of construction designs. Privolzhskiy
nauchnyy zhurnal. 2010. No. 1, pp. 30–34. (In Russian).
4. Dashko R.E., Korobko A.A. Geotechnical Aspects of Study
of Lower Cambrian Clays of Saint-Petersburg as the Base of
Structures. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2014. No. 9. pp. 19–22. (In Russian).