Table of contents
A.A. SEMENOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), General Director (email@example.com)
OOO «GS-Expert» (18, Off. 207, 1-st Tverskoy-Yamskoy Pereulok, 125047, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Tendencies of Development of the Russian Commodity Lime Market
Data on conditions and main tendencies of the development of the domestic commodity lime market in 2016 and in the first half of 2017 are presented; data on volumes and dynamics
of the production and consumption, market structure, price level are also presented.
Keywords: commodity lime, analysis of market, structure of demand.
For citation: Semenov A.A. Tendencies of development of the Russian commodity lime market. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
N.V. LYUBOMIRSKY, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org); S.I. FEDORKIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
A.S. BAKHTIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), T.A. BAKHTINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), T.V. LYUBOMIRSKAYA, Engineer
V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University (4, Vernadskogo Prospect, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea, 295007)
Research in Influence of Regimes of Forced Carbonate Hardening on Properties
of Materials on the Basis of Lime-Limestone Compositions of Semidry Pressing
Results of the research in forming properties of limelimestone compositions of semidry pressing depending on the regimes of forced carbonation and prescriptiontechnological factors
of their production are presented. The research was conducted with the help of experimentalstatistical models by the method of mathematical planning of experiments with the use of a
rotatable central composition plan. The influence of dynamic and static regimes of the forced carbonation on the formation of compression strength and water resistance of the samples
of limelimestone compositions of semidry pressing is considered. It is shown that the use of more intensive methods of forced carbonation is less efficient than the use of methods
with moderate supply of СО2 in the carbonizing chamber in the process of its absorption by samples. The most reasonable method of organization of accelerated carbonate hardening
of the systems on the basis of lime can be a combined method which is to create a preliminary vacuum in the carbonizing chamber with the further organization of the process
in a static regime at moderate (up to 50%) concentrations of СО2.
Keywords: lime, lime stone, forced carbonate hardening, strength, water resistance.
For citation: Lyubomirsky N.V., Fedorkin S.I., Bakhtin A.S., Bakhtina T.A., Lyubomirskaya T.V. Research in influence of regimes of forced carbonate hardening on properties of materials
on the basis of limelimestone compositions of semidry pressing. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 7–12. (In Russian).
1. Barros V.R., Field C.B., Dokken D.J., Mastrandrea M.D. at
all. IPCC 2014: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation,
and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of
Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge –
New York: Cambridge University Pres. 2014. 688 p.
2. Cherepovitsyn A.E., Sidorova K.I., Smirnova N.V. CCS
technologies and feasibility of their application CO2 in
Russia. Neftegazovoe delo: elektronniy nauchniy zhurnal.
2013. No. 5, pp. 459–473. http://ogbus.ru/authors/
CherepovitsynAE/CherepovitsynAE_1.pdf (Date of ac-
cess 12.07.16). (In Russian).3. Pastori Z., Borchok Z., Gorbachova G.A. Balans of CO2
of Different Types of Wall Structures. Stroitel’nye mate-
rialy [Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 12, pp. 76–77.
4. Zalmanoff N. Carbonation of Lime Putties to Produce
High Grade Building. Rock Products. 1956. August,
pp. 182–186; September, pp. 84–90.
5. Zatsepin K.S. Carbonized lime building materials. Collection
of materials of the Moscow scientific and technical meeting on
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6. Moorehead A. Cementation by the carbonation of hy-
drated lime. Cement and Concrete Research. 1986. Vol. 16.
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7. Glukhovskiy V.D., Runova R.F., Maksunov S.E.
Vyazjushchie i kompozitsionnie materialy kontaktnogo
tverdeniya [Binders and composite materials of the con-
tact hardening]. Kyev: Visshaya shcola. 1991. 244 p.
8. Chernyshеv E.M., Potamoshneva N.D., Artamono-
va O.V. The concept and base technology of nano-modi-
fication of building composites structures. Part 4. Sol-gel
technology of nano-, ultrafine portlandite crystals for a
contact-condensation compaction structures portlandite
stone and composites on its basis. Stroitel’nye materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 11, pp. 65–73.
9. Fedorkin S.I., Lyubomirskii N.V., Luk’yanchenko M.A.
Systems based on lime of carbonization hardening.
Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2008.
No. 11, pp. 45–47. (In Russiian).
10. Lyubomirskii N.V., Fedorkin S.I. Scientific and techno-
logical principles of disposal of carbon dioxide in food-
grade, biodegradable building products. Biosfernaya sov-
mestimost: chelovek, region, technologii. 2016. No. 4,
pp. 39–49. (In Russian).
11. Ermakov S.M., Zhiglyavskiy A.A. Matematicheskaya the-
oriya optimalnogo experimenta [The mathematical theory
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planirovaniya extremalnih experimentov [Statistical
methods of planning extreme experiments]. Moscow:
Nauka. 1965. 340 p.
13. Cizer O., Van Balen K., Van Gemert D. Crystal mor-
phology of precipitated calcite crystated calcite crystals
from accelerated carbonation of lime binders. Proceedings
of the 2nd International Conference on Accelerated
Carbonation for Environmental and Materials Engineering.
2008, pр. 149–158.
В 2016 г. в условиях кризиса в РФ продолжается сокра
щение производства основных строительных материалов,
изделий и конструкций: кирпича на 17%, а по некоторым
данным на 22%, газобетона на 9,1%. Производство стено
вых материалов в общем по сравнению с 2015 г. снизилось
на 16%, сократилось производство бетона, цемента и дру
гих строительных материалов. В денежном выражении это
сокращение произошло в 1,3–1,5 раза больше, что свиде
тельствует также о снижении цен на строительные матери
алы. Тенденция к сокращению объемов производства и
падению цен во многом продолжает сохраняться и сейчас.
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, 420043, Kazan, Russian Federation)
A Complex Lime-Siliceous Binder for Improving Raw Strength of Silicate Brick
Differences in the equipment of silicate brick factories built in 70s on the territory of the former USSR are considered. The present extension of the range of extruded products requires
increasing their raw strength. There are three methods to reach this: increasing the lime consumption, additional charging of sands, and the use of a composite limesiliceous binder.
Possibilities to optimize the raw strength due to the correction of compositions of the limesiliceous binder are considered. Research in the partial replacement of the sand for lime
stone and loam with a clay content of 50% in the optimal composition of the limesiliceous binder, I:P=1:1, is presented. The ultimate shear stress of lime stone, loam, and crushed
sand has been determined separately and in the binder composition by the indirect method; their impact on raw and autoclaved strength has been also determined. It is established that
the increase in the raw strength by 43% takes place when 50% of sand is replaced by loam, the replacement of 50% of sand with lime stone increase the raw strength by 2.3 times.
Keywords: silicate brick, lime stone, loam, limesiliceous binder, adobe brick.
For citation: Kuznetsova G.V., Babushkina D.A., Gaynutdinova G.Kh. A complex limesiliceous binder for improving raw strength of silicate brick. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 19–22. (In Russian).
1. Khvostenkov S.I. Development of production of a silicate
brick in Russia. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2007. No. 10, pp. 4–10. (In Russian).
2. Kuznetsova G.V., Morozova N.N. Influence of a
Corrective Additive on Properties of a Lime-Siliceous
Binder. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 12, pp. 12–14. (In Russian).
3. Shmit’ko E.I., Verlina N.A Press-Molding Processes and
Their Influence on Adobe Brick Quality. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 10, pp. 5–8. (In Russian).
4. Khavkin L.M. Tekhnologiya silikatnogo kirpicha
[Technology of a silicate brick]. Moscow: Ekolit. 2011. 384 p.
5. Vakhnin M.P., Anishchenko A.A. Proizvodstvo silikat-
nogo kirpicha [Production of a silicate brick]. Moscow:
Vysshaya shkola. 1983. 191 p.
6. Volodchenko A.N. Influence of clay minerals on properties of
autoclave silicate materials. Innovations in science: Papers XXI
of the international correspondence scientific and practical con-
ference. Novosibirsk: SibAK. 2013, pp. 23–28. (In Russian).
7. Volodchenko A.N. Use of nonconventional clay raw ma-
terials for receiving silicate materials on energy saving
technology. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya. 2015.
No. 1. Vol. 4, pp. 644–647. (In Russian).
8. Kuznetsova G.V., Morozova N.N. Influence of Components
of a Lime-Siliceous Binder on Cohesion of Molding Material
for Pressing. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2012. No. 12, pp. 69–72. (In Russian).
9. Khokhryakov O.V., Bakhtin M.A. About dependence of
water requirement of the portlandtsement and excipients
on their specific surface area and content of supersoften-
er. Материалы за 7-а международна научна практична
конференция «Динамика и съвременната наука». Vol. 9.
Respublika B”lgariya, 2011, pp. 56–60.
10. Tikhomirova I.N., Makarov A.V. Mechanical Activation
of Lime-Quartz Binders. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 9, pp. 4–7.
G.S. SLAVCHEVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), (email@example.com)
Voronezh State Technical University (84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)
Statistical Analysis of Quality of Autoclaved Gas Concrete in Tasks of Improving the Efficiency of Its Production
Results of the complex statistical analysis of the quality of gas concrete made for a year period of operation of the enterprise equipped with new foreign technological equipment are
presented. Autoclaved gas concrete of average density D500 and strength grade B2.5 was used as an object of the statistical analysis, because concrete products of this brand are the
most mass product which is the main demand of the consumer. It is revealed that the variability of properties identifies the need to ensure the excess reserve of production quality, for
strength primarily. The degree of correlation interconnection of the key parameters in technology and basic properties of the gas concrete has been evaluated qualitatively. The intercon
nection between the degree of variability of parameters of the technological process and excess quality of production, the probability of spoilage appearance are revealed statistically
reliably. The ways of improving the production efficiency due to the use of the available reserve of products quality as well as by rationalization of technological parameters as a means
of reducing production expenditures are proposed.
Keywords: autoclaved gas concrete, statistical analysis, quality, spoilage of products, production efficiency.
For citation: Slavcheva G.S. Statistical analysis of quality of autoclaved gas concrete in tasks of improving the efficiency of its production. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2017. No. 8, pp. 23–27. (In Russian).
1. Akulova I.I., Dudina N.A., Baranov E.V. Method and
results of the assessment of the competitiveness of heat-
insulating materials used in housing construction.
Economy. Theory and practice: Materials of the International
Scientific-practical Conference. Saratov. 2014, pp. 32–37.
2. Vishnevskiy A.A., Grinfel’d G.I., Smirnova A.S. The
Russian market for autoclaved aerated concrete. Results
of 2016. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2017. No. 3, pp. 49–51. (In Russian).
3. Popov V.A., Chernyshov E.M. Possibilities of nanomodi-
fying the structures of hydrothermal-synthesis hardening
systems in control problems of resistance to decomposi-
tion of autoclave concretes. Mechanics of destruction of
concrete, reinforced concrete and other building materials:
Materials of the 7-th International Scientific Conference.
Voroneg. 2013. Vol. 2, pp. 246–251. (In Russian).
4. Chernyshov E.M., Slavcheva G.S. Control over opera-
tional deformability and crack resistance of macro-po-
rous (cellular) concretes: Context of problem and issues
of theory. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2014. No. 1–2, pp. 105–112. (In Russian).
5. Chernyshov E.M., Neupokoev Yu.A., Potamoshneva
N.D. Highly porous cellular concrete for effective insula-
tion boards. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitek-
turno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. 2007. No. 1, pp. 181–190.
6. Shinkevich E.S., Chernyshov E.M., Lutskin E.S.,
Tymnyak A.B. Multicriteria optimization of composition
and properties of activated calc-siliceous composites.
Sukhie stroitel’nye smesi. 2013. No. 2, pp. 33–37.
7. Rudchenko D.G. On the role of gypsum stone in the for-
mation of the phase composition of new formations of
autoclaved cellular concrete. Budіvel’nі materіali, virobi
ta sanіtarna tekhnіka. 2012. No. 43, pp. 47–54.
8. Loganina V.I., Uchaeva T.V. The issue of the quality
control system at the construction industry manufactur-
ers. Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2010. No. 1,
pp. 31–33. (In Russian).
9. Loganina V.I., Kruglova A.N. Evaluation of the reliabil-
ity of quality control of construction products. Izvestiya
vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Stroitel’stvo. 2016.
No. 9 (693), pp. 87–92. (In Russian).
10. Loganina V.I., Viryasova A.V. Estimation of the potential
of the manufacturing process of the construction industry
enterprises. Vestnik PGUAS: stroitel’stvo, nauka i obra-
zovanie. 2016. No. 1 (1), pp. 44–46. (In Russian).
I.N. TIHOMIROVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), A.V. MAKAROV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (Makarov_otc@bk.ru), M.A. KARPENKO, Bachelor
Dmitry Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia (20, Geroev Panfilovtcev Street, Moscow, 123480, Russian Federation)
Autoclave Silicate Materials Based on Wastes of Molding Masses of Foundry
This work is devoted to the investigation of the possibility to obtain highstrength autoclave extruded products on the basis of wastes of molding masses according to the CHMmethod
used in casting in ferrous metallurgy. The issues, connected with the influence of the activity of the calcquartz binder both on the phase composition of hardening products and on the
final strength of the obtained material, are considered. With the help of xray diffraction and derivatographic analysis, it is found that the binder is mostly made up of lowbasic calcium
hydrosilicates and an explanation to this phenomenon is given. The optimal activity of both the binder and the molding mixture has been established. In the course of the work it was
established that these wastes can be a very valuable raw material for manufacturers of autoclave hardening products.
Keywords: building materials, limequartz binders, autoclaving, anthropogenic waste.
For citation: Tihomirova I.N., Makarov A.V., Karpenko M.A. Autoclave Silicate Materials Based on Wastes of Molding Masses of Foundry. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2017. No. 8, pp. 28–31. (In Russian).
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and production of construction materials. Sistemnye tekh-
nologii. 2015. No. 17, pp. 84–105. (In Russian).
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smesi [The liquid self-hardening compounds]. Moscow:
Mashinostroenie, 1979. 255 p.
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the silicate brick received from waste of the foundry in-
dustry. Vestnik Polotskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.
2011. No. 8, pp. 73–76. (In Russian).
4. Matulis B. Yu., Matulite V.B. Influence of caustic sodium
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Vilnius, 1976. Issue 8, pp. 131–140. (In Russian).
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Komarova N.D., Telichko A.V. About influence of basic-
ity and porosity on strengthening characteristics of sili-
cate materials. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya. 2014.
No. 3, pp. 35–38. (In Russian).
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composition of a hydrosilicate binding autoclave gas con-
crete. Mezhdunarodnyi zhurnal prikladnykh i fundamen-
tal’nykh issledovanii. 2013. No. 10, pp. 370–372. (In Russian).
7. Fedosov S.V., Akulova M.V., Potemkina O.V., Eme-
lin V.Yu., Belyakova N.A. Issledovaniye of change of
phase composition of foam concrete with adding of liquid
glass and a cullet by the Thermal method. Izvestiya Yugo-
Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2013. No. 5,
pp. 173–180. (In Russian).
8. Harchenko E.A., Svidersky V.A., Glukhovsky I.V.
Synthesis and properties of the low-main hydrosilicates of
calcium of unstable crystalline structure. International
Scientific and Practical Conference “WORLD SCIENCE”.
2015. No. 3 (3), Vol. 1, pp. 50–54. (In Russian).
9. Akulova M.V., Potemkin O.V., Yemelin V.Yu., Kolle-
rov A.N. Influence of liquid glass on the thermal stability
of cement aggregates. Privolzhskii nauchnyi zhurnal. 2013.
No. 1, pp. 17–21. (In Russian).
V.N. DERKACH, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), I.E. DEMCHUK, Engineer
Branch of Republican Unitary Enterprise «Institute BelNIIS», «Scientific-Technical Center» (267/2, Moskovskaya Street, Brest, 224023, Republic of Belarus)
Strength and Deformability of Stone Masonry Made of Cellular Concrete Blocks of Autoclaved Hardening
with Polyurethane Joints. Part 3. Strength and Deformability at Shear
Results of the experimental research in the shear and diagonal compression of stone masonry samples made of cellularconcrete blocks with thinlayer polyurethane joints are presented.
On the basis of the experimental studies, peculiarities of the destruction of experimental samples have been revealed; values of the initial strength of the stone masonry at shear as well as
values of the shear module and ultimate values of the angle of shear deformations of the stone masonry have been obtained. It is established that under the impact of shear load in the
plane of horizontal polyurethane joints, the destruction of the masonry occurs as a result of exhaustion of strength of the block material for shear. The comparison of the results obtained
with the results of the experimental study of the stone masonry made of cellularconcrete blocks with thinlayer polymercement joints is made. The difference in the nature of destruction
of samples of stone masonry on the polymercement adhesive solution and on the adhesive foam as well as their strength and deformation characteristics at shear are shown.
Keywords: stone masonry, cellularconcrete blocks, polyurethane glue, shearing strength, shear module, angle of shear deformations.
For citation: Derkach V.N., Demchuk I.E. Strength and deformability of stone masonry made of cellular concrete blocks of autoclaved hardening with polyurethane joints. Part 3. Strength
and deformability at shear. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 32–35. (In Russian).
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Ya.I. VAYSMAN1, Doctor of Sciences (Medicine), A.A. KETOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
1, Engineer; S.A. MAZUNIN2
, Doctor of Sciences (Chemestry), V.L. CHECHULIN2, Engineer
The defined color cellular glass production using a limited set of pigment
Cellular glass using as heat insulation material is constrained by its high cost and corresponding low competitiveness in comparison with other insulation materials. The hydrated gas
producing mechanism allows to obtain cellular glass blocks of white color that can be colored with durable and stable inorganic pigments during manufacture process. The combination
of facing and heat insulation properties in a single product significantly improves material consumer properties and increase its market opportunities. However, the presence of addition
al facing properties needs in directional obtaining the desired color characteristics of the product. The possibility of obtaining cellular glass blocks with specific surface color using
a limited number of ceramic pigments is discussed. The task of pigments choosing is solving using the traditional for physicalchemical analysis space of Gibbs triangle.
Keywords: cellular glass, color model, ceramic pigments
For citation: Vaysman Ya.I., Ketov A.A., Ketov Yu.A., Mazunin S.A., Chechulin V.L. The defined color cellular glass production using a limited set of pigment. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 36–41. (In Russian).
1 Perm National Research Polytechnic University (29, Komsomolsky Avenue, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation)
2 Perm State National Research University (15, Bukireva Street, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation)
1. Ketov A.A. Prospects of Foam Glass in Housing
Construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 79–81. (In Russian).
2. Maslennikova G.N., Pishch I.V. Keramicheskie pigmenty
[Ceramic pigments]. Moscow: Stroymaterialy. 2009. 224 p.
3. Platov Yu.T., Platova R.A. Instrumental specification of
chromatic characteristics of structural materials.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013.
No. 4, pp. 66–72. (In Russian).
4. Bertulis A.V., Glezer V.D. Prostranstvennoe tsvetovoe
zrenie [Space color vision]. Leningrad: Nauka. 1990. 145 p.
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Moscow: Mir. 1990. 239 p.
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tion of Neodymium Oxide to Increase the White-
ness of Porcelain. Glass and Ceramics. 2011. No. 12,
pp. 393–398. (In Russian).
8. Kuznetsova G.V., Morozova N.N. Pigments and volume
coloring. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2016. No. 12, pp. 14–17. (In Russian).
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aspects of import substitution of the pigmenting materials in
structural branch of Russia. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construc-
tion Materials]. 2015. No. 6, pp. 61–64. (In Russian).
10. Vaisman I., Ketov A., Ketov I. Cellular glass obtained
from non-powder preforms by foaming with steam.
Ceramics International. 2016. No. 42, pp. 15261–15268.
11. Anosov V.Ya., Ozerova M.I., Fialkov Yu.Ya. Osnovy
fiziko-khimicheskogo analiza [Bases of the physical and
chemical analysis]. Moscow: Nauka. 1976. 504 p.
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Sergeev S.V. Efficient Acoustic Glass Composites.
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13. Volodchenko V.N., Lesovik V.S. Prospects of extension
of the nomenclature of silicate materials of autoclave
concreting. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2016. No. 9, pp. 34–37. (In Russian).
I.F. SHLEGEL, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Institute of New Technologies and Automation of Building Materials Industry (OOO «INTA-STORY»)
(100, 1st Putevaya Street, 644113, Omsk, Russian Federation)
On the Rational Use of Clinker Bricks
V.G. KUZNETSOV, President, General Director (email@example.com), I.P. KUZNETSOV, Commercial Director (firstname.lastname@example.org)
OOO «As-Tik KP» (16, Teterinsky Lane, Moscow, 109004, Russian Federation)
To the Issue of Reliable and Efficient Application of PPFP-Astiki at Equipment Operating with Damp Materials
The efficiency of PPFPAstiki depends on their proper selection to specific mininggeological and miningengineering conditions of operation of the equipment. In this connection, the
questionnaire for fill in is sent to the enterprise desiring to get antisticking plates. Further, on the basis of the questionnaire, the strength of materials is evaluated according to the
scale of professor M.M. Protodiakonov and the selection of raw materials for producing the required type of an antisticking plate is made, and according to the methodology of
OOO “AsTik KP”, its thickness is determined for providing the warranty period of work after putting it into operation. This principle of selection of PPFPAstiki and determination
of the plate optimal thickness make it possible to solve reliably and efficiently the problems relating to the elimination of sticking of wetted materials on the working surfaces of the
Keywords: PPFPAstiki, sticking of material, antisticking plates, coefficient of strength of material, operational conditions.
For citation: Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P. To the issue of reliable and efficient application of ppfpastiki at equipment operating with damp materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 45–48. (In Russian).
1. Kuznetsov V.G., Novikova T.N., Kuznetsov I.P. i dr.
Polimernye protivonalipayushchie futerovochnye plasti-
ny – Astiki – effektivnoe reshenie problemy ustraneniya
nalipaniya uvlazhnennykh materialov na rabochie pover-
khnosti oborudovaniya [Polymer anti-lamination lining
plates – Astiki – an effective solution to the problem of
eliminating the sticking of moistened materials on the
working surfaces of equipment]. Moscow: OOO «Na-
dezhda na Yartsevskoi». 2013. 79 p.
2. Kuznetsov V.G., Zatkovetskii V.M., Kuznetsov I.P. and
al. Polymer lining plates – an effective solution to the
problem of sticking moistened materials on the working
surfaces of process equipment. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2005. No. 5, pp. 32–34.
3. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P. Determination of the
thickness of the polymer anti-lamination lining plate
for various operating conditions of the equipment.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2007.
No. 5, pp. 13–14. (In Russian).
4. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P. Kopylov S.V., Sitni-
kov S.N. and etc. Correct selection of polymer anti-lam-
ination lining plates is a guarantee of efficient operation
of technological equipment. Gornyi zhurnal. 2008. No. 4,
pp. 80–81. (In Russian).
5. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P., Kopylov S.V.
Estimation of economic efficiency of introduction of
polymer anti-lamination lining plates. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2006. No. 9, p. 48.
6. Kuznetsov V.G., Novikova T.N., Kuznetsov I.P.,
Kochetov E.V. Efficient operation of process equipment
in the factory pelletizing JSC «Mikhailovsky GOK» when
working on moist raw materials. Gornyi zhurnal. 2013.
No. 12, pp. 71–73. (In Russian).
7. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P., Borodin A.A. i dr. fac-
tory production of bunkers equipped with efficient means
of struggle with adhering of materials – PPFP-Astiki.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013.
No. 5, pp. 54–56. (In Russian).
8. Kuznetsov V.G., Kochetov E.V., Kuznetsov I.P.
Improvement of quality of working surfaces of techno-
logical equipment at the design and manufacturing stages
due to the use of an effective means of combating the
sticking of raw materials PFPP-Astiki. Mekhanizatsiya
stroitel’stva. 2015. No. 1, pp. 29–31. (In Russian).
9. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P., Lyapunov A.V.,
Blyudenov A.P., Gontarenko B.Yu. The use of polymeric
materials to eliminate the buildup of wet magnetitic con-
centrate on work surfaces of equipment on enrichment
plant AO «EVRAZ KGOK». Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2016. No. 6, pp. 59–60.
10. Kuznetsov V.G., Kiselev N.N., Kochetov E.V.,
Kuznetsov I.P. Reducing the Influence of Stickiness of
Rocks and Raw Materials on Working Efficiency of
Equipment Due To Application of PPFP-Astiki.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017.
No. 1–2, pp. 99–103. (In Russian).
11. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P. Sealing arrangement
made of PPFP-Astiki for receiving hoppers of belt con-
veyers. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2017. No. 5, pp. 60–62. (In Russian).
A.V. USHEROV-MARSHAK, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Professor
Kharkiv National University of Civil Engineering and Architecture (40, Sumskaya Street, 61000, Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Physico-Chemical Era of Building Materials Science. Kharkiv Scientific-Technological School
D.V. ORESHKIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (4, Kryukovskiy Tupik, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation)
Environmental Problems of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Re-Sources when Large-Scale Utilization
of Man-Made Mineral Resources and Waste in the Production of Building Materials
The article deals with the environmental problems of the territories of the Russian Federation. They are connected with the reduction of the available inventory of mineral resources of
the Earth at increasing number of manmade waste (MMW), increasing occupied by dumps and landfills of land areas as well as the negative impact on the environment. The author
gives an environmental assessment of phosphogypsum, recycling of bards, whey, sodium thiosulfate, fine white marble and waste drilling mud. In the article scientific foundations of the
integrated methodologies of environmental assessment of MMW and their recycling in the production of building materials and products were elaborated, the possibility of using these
stated wastes as raw materials for their production, while addressing environmental concerns of the territories, was justified. In the article inventory and classification analyses of man
made waste were held. These tests include grain, microstructure, xrayphase, chemical and physicotechnical researches, as well as danger classification of MMW. The ways of recy
cling of manmade waste and quantification of prospects of implementing such technology were specified.
Keywords: environmental problems of the territories, the resource approach, utilization of manmade wastes in the production of building materials and products, volumes of waste.
For citation: Oreshkin D.V. Environmental problems of comprehensive exploitation of mineral resources when largescale utilization of manmade mineral resources and waste in the
production of building materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 55–63. (In Russian).
1. Telichenko V.I., Oreshkin D.V. Material aspects of geo-
ecological and environmental safety in construction.
Ecologiya urbanizirovannyx territoriy. 2015. No. 2,
pp. 31–33. (In Russian).
2. Meshhyarikov Yu.G., Kolev N.A., Fedorov S.V.,
Suchkov V.P. Production of phosphogypsum for cement
industry and building products. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 5, pp. 104–106.
3. Meshhyarikov Yu.G., Fedorov S.V. Promyshlennaya
pererabotka fosfogipsa [Industrial processing of phospho-
gypsum]. Saint Petersburg: Stroyizdat SPb. 2007. 104 p.
4. Ivochkina M.A. Study technogenic sediments in phos-
phogypsum dumps during the processing of the original
formation of the various raw materials deposits.
Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona Electronic journal. 2013. No. 1.
(date of access 14.04.2017) (In Russian).
5. Trubeckoj K.N., Kaplunov D.R. etc. Kompleksnoe osvoe-
nie mestorozhdenij i glubokaya pererabotka mineral’nogo
syr’ya [Integrated development and deep processing of
mineral raw materials]. Moscow: Nauka. 2010. 437 p.
6. Chanturiya V.A., Chaplygin N.N., Vigdergauz V.E.
Strategy of reduction, reuse and recycling of mining and
industrial production in researches of the Russian
Academy of Sciences. Sovremennye problemy kompleks-
noy pererabotki prirodnogo i tekhnogennogo syr’ya. 2005,
pp. 230–235. (In Russian).
7. Chaplygin N.N. Osnovaniya ecologicheskoj teorii kom-
pleksnogo osvoeniya nedr [Founding ecological theory of
integrated development of mineral resources]. Moscow:
IPKON RAN. 2006. 102 p.
8. Tkach S.A., Telichenko V.I. Addressing environmental
challenges in the process of disposing of waste in the pro-
duction of man-made aerated concrete. Ecologiya urban-
izirovannyx territorij. 2016. No. 2, pp. 39–44. (In Russian).
9. Tkach E.V., Tkach S.A., Serova R.F, Stasilovich E.A.
Getting modified concrete products on the base of indus-
trial wastes and secondary raw materials. Sovremennye
problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. 2015. No. 1–2, pp. 83–88.
10. Solov’yov V.I., Serova R.F., Tkach S.A. Researches of
porosity of a cement stone, modified complex organomin-
eral modifiers. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya. 2014.
No. 8 (Part 3), pp. 590–595. (In Russian).
11. Zemlyanushnov D.Yu., Sokov V.N., Oreshkin D.V.,
Skanavi N.A. Recycling of fine marble processing wastein the production of front ceramics. Vestnik IrGTU. 2014.
No. 9 (92), pp. 122–126. (In Russian).
12. Zemlyanushnov D.Yu., Sokov V.N., Oreshkin D.V.
Using fine marble processing waste in the technology of
facing ceramics. Nauchno-tekhnicheskii vestnik
Povolzh’ya. 2014. No. 4, pp. 108–114. (In Russian).
13. Zemlyanushnov D.Yu., Sokov V.N., Oreshkin D.V.
Ecological and economic aspects of fine waste of marble
in the manufacture of facing ceramic materials. Vestnik
MGSU. 2014. No. 4, pp. 118–126. (In Russian).
14. Moumouni A., Goki N.G. Chaanda M.S. Geological
Exploration of Marble Deposits in Toto Area, Nasarawa
State, Nigeria. Natural Resources. 2016. No. 7, pp. 83–
15. Rekus I.G., Shorina O.S. Osnovy ekologii i racional’nogo
prirodopol’zovaniya [Fundamentals of ecology and envi-
ronmental management]. Moscow: MGUP Publishing
House. 2012. 146 p.
16. Oreshkin D.V., Saharov G.P., Chebotaev A.N.,
Kurbatova A.S. Geoecological problem of disposing of
drilling sludge on Yamal. Vestnik MGSU. 2012. No. 2,
pp. 125–129. (In Russian).
17. Oreshkin D.V., Chebotaev A.N., Perfilov V.A. Disposal
of drilling sludge in the production of building materials.
Procedia Engineering. 2015. Vol. 111, pp. 607–611.
18. Chebotaev A.N. The possibility of disposing of drilling
sludge of Bovanenko field in the production of building
materials. Stroitel’stvo neftyanykh i gazovikh skvazhin na
sushe i na more. 2015. No. 9, pp. 25–28. (In Russian).
19. Bogoyavlenskiy V.I. Achievements and problems of geo-
logical prospecting and the FEC of Russia. Burenie i neft’.
2013. No. 3, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
S.I. PIMENOV, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org), R.A. IBRAGIMOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Influence of Mineralogical Composition of Cement When Activating It on Physical-Technical Properties of Heavy Concrete
To intensify the hardening of cement compositions, various methods for activation of a binder are increasingly used in modern investigations. The mechanicalchemical activation of
cement in the water media is one of efficient methods for activating the binder and its improvement is an actual task. The article presents the results of the study of influence of the
mineralogical composition of Portland cement, subjected to the mechanicalchemical activation in the water media in the rotarypulsed apparatus, on the physicaltechnical properties of
heavy concrete. It is established that the use of Portland cements of different productions does not influence on the technological properties of the concrete mix produced from the acti
vated cement suspension, but influences on the kinetics of hardening of heavy concrete when using the Portland cement containing the increased amount of the aluminate phase.
Keywords: mechanochemical activation, Portland cement with sludge, superplasticizer, additive on polycarboxylate base.
For citation: Pimenov S.I., Ibragimov R.A. Influence of mineralogical composition of cement when activating it on physicaltechnical properties of heavy concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 64–67. (In Russian).
1. Slen’kov V.A., Minakov Yu.A., Kononova O.V., Anisimov
S.N., Smirnov A.O., Leshkanov A.Yu. The effectiveness
of the use of plasticizing additives in the production of
heavy concrete. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obra-
zovaniya. 2015. No. 2, p. 244. (In Russian).
2. Kirsanova A.A., Kramar L.Ya. Organomineral modifiers
on the basis of meta-kaolin for cement concretes.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013.
No. 11, pp. 54–56. (In Russian).
3. Selyaev V.P, Nizina T.A., Balbalin A.V. Analysis of the
influence mechanical activation on the properties of ce-
ment mixtures with multifunctional additives. Vestnik
VRO RAASN. 2014. Vol. 17, pp. 203–208. (In Russian).
4. Ibragimov R.A., Izotov V.S. Influence of mechanical-
chemical activation of a binder on physical-chemical
properties of heavy-weight concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 17–19.
5. Gusev B.V., In I.L.S., Krivoborodov Yu.R. Activation of
slag Portland cement hardening. Tekhnologii betonov.
2012. No. 7-8 (72-73), pp. 21–24. (In Russian).
6. Krivoborodov Yu.R., Yas’ko D.A. Activation of cement to
improve the properties of concrete. Novaya nauka: Problemy
i perspektivy. 2015. No. 3, pp. 105–108. (In Russian).
7. Ibragimov R.A., Pimenov S.I., Kiyamov I.K., Mingazov
R.H., Kiyamova L.I. Comparison of the effect of super-
plasticizing admixtures on the processes of cement hydra-
tion during mechanochemical activation. EasternEuropean Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2016. Vol. 4.
No. 6 (82), pp. 56–63.
8. Gusev B.V. Nanostructuring of concrete materials.
Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 1,
pp. 7–10. (In Russian).
9. Gur’yanov G.A., Klimenko E.A., Vasil’eva O.Yu.
Improved cooking process and the quality of concrete
through activation analysis methods cement. Transport.
Transportnye sooruzheniya. Ekologiya. 2015. No. 1,
pp. 23–40. (In Russian).
10. Glukharev N.F. Sukhoe izmel’chenie v usloviyakh elek-
troneitralizatsii [Dry milling under electrical neutraliza-
tion]. Saint Petersburg: Publishing house of Polytechnic
University. 2014. 192 p.
11. Sovalov I.G., Khayutin Yu.G. Metody aktivatsii tsementov
i vliyanie aktivatsii na svoistva betonov [Activation methods
of cement and the influence of activation on properties of
concrete]. Moscow: TsBTI NIIOMTP. 1963. 41 p.
12. Rakhimov R.Z., Rakhimova N.R., Stoyanov O.V.
Geopolymers. Vestnik kazanskogo tekhnologicheskogo uni-
versiteta. 2014. Vol. 17. No. 23, pp. 189–196. (In Russian).
13. Rakhimov R.Z., Rakhimova N.R., Khaliullin M.I.,
Gaifullin A.R. Industrial wastes and environmental safety
of construction and municipal economy. Nauchnyi zhur-
nal stroitel’stva i arkhitektury. 2015. No. 2, pp. 97–102.
14. Kalashnikov V.I., Tarakanov O.V., Kuznetsov Yu.S.,
Volodin V.M., Belyakova E.A. Concrete of a new genera-
tion on the basis of dry fine-grained powder mixtures.
Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyi zhurnal. 2012. No. 8, pp. 47–53.
15. Kalashnikov V.I. What is the powder-activated concrete
of new generation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 10, pp. 70–71. (In Russian)
N.A. MITINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.A. LOTOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University (30, Lenina Avenue, Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation)
Formation of Cement Stone Structure at Hydration and Hardening of a Hydrocarbonate Magnesium Binder
Results of the study of the structure formation process when hardening a new waterresistant hydraulic magnesium substance – a hydrocarbonate magnesium binder – are presented.
Improvement of the water resistance and giving hydraulic properties to the magnesium cement is connected with the use of a principally new gauging liquid – magnesium bicarbonate.
The use of this solution allows hardening of a magnesium composition not only in the air but also in water. The waterresistance coefficient which corresponds to the coefficient of
hydration hardening is up to 3.6. When gauging magnesium binders with the water solution of magnesium bicarbonate, main products of hardening are magnesium hydroxide and mag
nesium hydrocarbonates, Magnesium hydrocarbonates are insoluble in water that provides the improved water resistance of magnesium compositions and the possibility of their hard
ening and maturing in water.
Keywords: magnesium binder, water resistance, hardening in water, magnesium bicarbonate solution, magnesium hydrocarbonates.
For citation: Mitina N.A., Lotov V.A. Formation of cement stone structure at hydration and hardening of a hydrocarbonate magnesium binder. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 68–73. (In Russian).
1. Svit T.F. Thermogravimetric study of the products of
hydration and hardening of sulfomagnesian binders.
Polzunovskiy vestnik. 2010. No. 3, pp. 100–103. (In
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scopicity and rise of water resistance of chlormagnezic stone by
injection of trivalent iron. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2009. No. 5, pp 58–61. (In Russian).
3. Zimich V.V., Kramar L.Ya., Chernykh T.N., Pudovikov
V.N., Perminov A.V. Features of the influence of the addi-
tion of iron hydroxide sol on the structure and properties of
magnesia stone Vestnik YuUrGU. Seriya «Stroitel’stvo i
arkhitektura». 2011. Vol. 13. No. 35, pp. 25–32. (In Russian).
4. Vereshchagin V.I., Smirenskaya V.N., Erdman S.V.
Water-resistant blended oxychlorаte cements. Glass and
Ceramics. 1997. Vol. 54. No. 11-12, pp. 368–372.
5. Zyryanova V.N., Lytkina E.V., Berdov G.I. Increase of
mechanical strength and water resistance of magnesian
binders with the introduction of mineral fillers. Izvestiya
vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo. 2010. No. 3,
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studies on magnesium oxychlorides. Australian Journal of
Chemistry. 1955. No. 8, pp. 234–251.
7. Mark A. Shand. The chemistry and technology of magne-
sia. Hardcover. 2006. 266 p.
8. Lotov V.A., Mitina N.A. Preparation of waterproof mag-
nesia binder Tekhnika i tekhnologiya silikatov. 2010. Vol.
17. No. 3, pp. 19–22.
9. Patent RF 2374176. Sposob polucheniya ul’tradispersnykh
poroshkov karbonatov [Method for obtaining ultrafine
carbonate powders]. Smirnov A.P., Lotov V.A., Arkhipov
V.A., Prokhorov A.N., Reznikov I.V. Declared 04.04.2006.
Published 27.11.2009. Bulletin No. 33. (In Russian).
10. Mitina N.A., Lotov V.A., Sukhushina A.V. Mixing liquid
for a magnesia binder. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2015. No. 1, pp. 64–68. (In Russian).
11. Lotov V.A., Kutugin V.A. Upravlenie protsessami
formirovaniya dispersnykh struktur [Management of the
processes of formation of dispersed structures]. Tomsk:
TPU Publishing House. 2013. 336 p.
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Australia. Mineralogical Magazine. 1965. Vol. 34. Iss. 268,
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N.A. GALCEVA, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org), A.F.BURIANOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
V.G. SOLOVIEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), D.I. TKACHENKO, Magister
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)
A Modified Binder on the Basis of Synthetic Anhydrite for Stowing Mixtures
Results of the study of modification of the synthetic anhydrite of calcium sulfate obtained at interaction of the concentrated H2SO4 and ground limestone for the use when preparing
stowing mixtures are presented. The optimal composition of the modified anhydrite binder with 2.5% of Portland cement and 1% of calcium sulfate of the anhydrite mass meeting the
requirements for stowing mixtures concerning their technological and physicalmechanical properties has been determined. The influence of a plasticizer on the structure formation of
the developed modified binder as well as the optimal content of the anhydrite and calcium sulfate dehydrate in the hardened system, which provides maximal physicalmechanical prop
erties, have been determined.
Keywords: synthetic anhydrite, modified binder, plasticizer, structure, physicalmechanical properties.
For citation: Galceva N.A., Burianov A.F., Soloviev V.G., Tkachenko D.I. A modified binder on the basis of synthetic anhydrite for stowing mixtures. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 74–76. (In Russian).
1. Grinevich A.V., Kiselev A.A., Kuznetsov E.M.,
Bur’yanov A.F. Production of Synthetic Anhydrite
Calcium Sulfate from Concentrated Sulfuric Acid and
Flour Limestone. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2013. No. 11, pp. 16–19. (In Russian).
2. Burianov A.F., Ivanitskiy V.V. Properties and rational
ranges of application plaster and anhydrite knitting with
various reference water requirement. Increase in produc-
tion efficiency and use of plaster materials and products: The
collection of materials of the All-Russian seminar with the
international participation. Moscow. 2002, pp. 230–232.
3. Ivanitskiy V.V., Burianov A.F. Investigation of the prop-
erties of gypsum and anhydrite binder as a basic material
for self-leveling floor screeds. Science and technology of
silicate materials – the present and the future: Collection of
works of the International scientific and practical confer-
ence. Moscow. 2003, pp. 317–320. (In Russian).
4. Burianov A.F., Petrachenko V.V. Gypsum and anhydrite
binders for self-leveling floor screeds. Vestnik BGTU
im. V.G. Shukhova. 2004. No. 8, pp. 39–43. (In Russian).
5. Burianov A.F., Petrachenko V.V. Hydration of anhydrite
binder. Concrete and reinforced concrete in the third mil-
lennium: Materials of the fourth international conference.
Rostov-na-Donu. 2006, pp. 89–95. (In Russian).
6. Burianov A.F., Petrachenko V.V. Influence of additives
on hydration of anhydrite knitting. Concrete and rein-
forced concrete in the third millennium: Materials of the
fourth international conference. Rostov-na-Donu. 2006,
96–104. (In Russian).
7. Gainutdinov A.K., Gontar’ Yu.V., Bur’yanov A.F.
Application anhydrite and the gipsoangidritovykh of the
dry structural blends knitting for production. Sukhie
stroitel’nye smesi. 2007. No. 1, pp. 8–9. (In Russian).
8. Burianov A.F, Gontar Y.V., Chalova A.I. On the use of
gypsum and anhydrite binders in dry mixes for the instal-
lation of floor bases. Sukhie stroitel’nye smesi. 2010.
No. 1, pp. 11–13. (In Russian).
9. Maeva I.S., Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N., Bur’ya-
nov A.F., Pustovgar A.P. Structuring of Anhydrite Matrix
with Nanodisperse Modifying Additives. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 6, pp. 4–5.
10. Maeva I.S., Yakovlev G.I., Izryadnova O.V., Buryanov A.F.,
Fisher H.B. Processes of hydration anhydrite knitting at
introduction of dispersible mineral additives. Problems and
achievements of a structural complex Stroikompleks-2010:
materials of the International scientific and technical confer-
ence. Izhevsk. 2010, pp. 222–225. (In Russian).
11. Gontar’ Y.V., Chalova A.I., Burianov A.F. Sukhie
stroitel’nye smesi na osnove gipsa i angidrita [Dry build-
ing mixtures based on gypsum and anhydrite] Moscow:
De-Nova. 2010. 214 p.
12. Pustovgar A.P., Vasilik P.G., Bur’yanov A.F. Features of
the Use of Hyperplasticizers in Dry Building Mixes.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010.
No. 12, pp. 61–64. (In Russian).
13. Buryanov A.F. Modification of structure and properties
of materials on the basis of plaster and anhydrite ultra-
and nanodispersible additives. Stroitel’nye materialy, iz-
deliya i sanitarnaya tekhnika. 2011. No. 41, pp. 91–95.
14. Burianov A.F. Composites on the basis of plaster and
anhydrite, the modified ultra- and nanodispersible addi-
tives. Collection of works of the International scientific
conference “Integration, Partnership and Innovations in
Structural Science and Education”. Moscow. 2011. Vol. 2,
pp. 17–21. (In Russian)