Table of contents
I.V. YUDIN1, engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org); I.V. PETROVA2, Candidate of Sciences (Pedagogics) (email@example.com);
3, Candidate of Sciences (Economics) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Improvement of Constructive Solutions, Technology and Organization of Construction of Large-Panel
and Panel-Frame Houses of Volga DSK
The development of large-panel housing construction in the Chuvash Republic is shown. Peculiarities of this type of construction in different periods of operation of the integrated
house-building factory are revealed. In 1964–1992, the factory not only mastered the production of well-known serial houses, but improved the series 121. The factory increased vol-
umes of construction by organizing the continuous complex production flow. In 1993–2007, in the course of transition to the market economy, non-sufficient consumer properties of
previously produced large-panel houses manifested sharper. Mastering of the new technology of precast-monolithic frame housing construction and its further development has kept the
factory at the construction market. At present, the integrated factory successfully produces both modernized large-panel houses and panel-frame houses.
Keywords: integrated house-building factory, large-panel house, continuous complex flow, reconstruction, precast-monolithic frame, hard node, panel-frame house.
For citation: Yudin I.V., Petrova I.V., Bogdanov V.F. Improvement of constructive solutions, technology and organization of construction of large-panel and panel-frame houses of Volga
DSK. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
1 OOO “Volga house-building factory” (73, Promyshlennay Street, 429950 Novocheboksarsk, Russian Federation)
2 Moscow Polytechnic University, Cheboksary Institute (branch) (54, K. Marksa Street, 428000, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)
3 “Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulyanov” (15, Moskovsky Avenue, 428015, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)
1. Baranova L.N. Development of industrial housing con-
struction and the industry of construction materials in
various regions of Russia. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii est-
estvennykh nauk. 2013. No. 3, pp. 61–63. (In Russian).
2. Usmanov Sh.I. Formation of economic strategy of devel-
opment of industrial housing construction in Russia.
Politika, gosudarstvo i pravo. 2015. No. 1 (37), pp. 76–79.
3. Antipov D.N. Strategy of development of the enterprises
of industrial housing con-struction. Problemy sovremen-
noi ekonomiki. 2012. No. 1, pp. 267–270. (In Russian).
4. Magay A.A., Dubynin N.V. Large-Panel Residential
Buildings with a Broad Step of Bear-ing Structures, Ensuring
the Free Layout of Apartments From large-panel housing
construction of XX to system of panel and frame housing
construction XXI. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 21–24. (In Russian).
5. Nikolaev S. V. The Revival of house-building factories in
the domestic equipment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Hou-
sing Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
6. Dubynin N.V. From large-panel housing construction of
XX to system of panel and frame housing construction
XXI. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2015. No. 10, pp. 12–27. (In Russian).
7. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. The line of bezopa-
lubochny formation – efficiency plant with flexible tech-
nology. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2012. No. 4, pp. 22–26. (In Russian).
8. Reinforced concrete in the XXI century. The state and
prospects of development of con-crete and reinforced
concrete in Russia: Monografiya pod. red K. V. Mikhailov.
Moscow: NIIZHB, 2001. 390 p.
9. Yarmakovsky V.N., Bremner, T.W. Lightweight con-
crete: present and future. Stroitelny expert. 2005. No. 20,
рр. 5–7. No. 21, рр. 5–7. (In Russian).
10. Yudin I. V., Ermakovskiy V. N. Innovative technolo-
gies in industrial building research In-stitute with the
use of structural lightweight concrete. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materiаls]. 2010. No. 1,
рр. 15–17. (In Russian).
11. Yarmakovsky V.N., Semchenkov A.S., Kozelkov M.M.,
Shevtsov D.A. About energy saving when using innova-
tive technologies in constructive systems of buildings in
thecourse of their creation and construction. Vestnik
MGSU. 2011. No. 3, Vol. 1, рр. 209–215. (In Russian).
12. Gryzlov V.S. Shlakobetona in large-panel housingcon-
struction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materiаls].
2011. No. 3, pp. 40–41. (In Russian).
13. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Etenko V.P. Panel and
frame housing construction – a new stage of development
of efficiency. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
V.A. SHEMBAKOV (email@example.com), Manager, GK “Rekon-SMK”, General Director, zAO “Rekon”,
Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Head of Writing Staff of Development and Introduction of SMK Technology
ZAO “Rekon” (20a Dorozhny Passway, 428003, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)
Possibilities to Use the Russian Technology of Precast-Monolithic Frame
for Construction of Qualitative Affordable Housing and Roads in Russia
Possibilities to use the technology of precast-monolithic frame (SMK technology) for achieving the goals set in “Strategy of development of building materials industry for the period
until 2020 and further until 2030” of the Government Resolution № 868-p of 10.05.2016 are presented. It is shown that the Russian technology of precast-monolithic frame proposed
by GK “Rekon-SMK” is able to provide the domestic and foreign markets with qualitative, affordable and energy efficient building materials of the Russian production, to reduce depen-
dence on foreign technologies, equipment, and components.
Keywords: precast-monolithic frame, factory readiness, energy efficiency, speed of construction.
For citation: Shembakov V.A. Possibilities to use the russian technology of precast-monolithic frame for construction of qualitative affordable housing and roads in Russia. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 9–15. (In Russian).
1. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Khayutin Yu.G.
Innovative systems of frame and panel housing
construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 3–5. (In Russian).
2. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Etenko V.P. Panel and
frame housing construction – a new stage of development
of efficiency. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
3. Nikolaev S.V. Revival of House Building Factories on
the Basis of Domestic Equipment. Zhilishchnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 2,
pp. 4–9. (In Russian).
4. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New
Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
5. Shembakov V.A. Sborno-monolitnoe karkasnoe
domostroenie [Combined and monolithic frame housing
construction]. Cheboksary, 2013.
6. Semchenkov A.S. Regional адоптированные combined
and monolithic construction systems for multystoried
buildings. Beton i zhelezobeton. 2013. No. 3, pp. 9–11.
7. Yarmakovsky V.N., Semchenkov A.S., Trestles M.M.,
Shevtsov D.A. About energy saving when using
innovative technologies in constructive systems of
buildings in the course of their creation and construction.
Vestnik MGSU. 2011. No. 3, Vol. 1, рр. 209–215.
8. Shembakov V.A. Technology of Precast and Cast-in-
Situ Housing Construction SMK in Mass Construction
of Russia and Country-Members of Commonwealth of
Independent States (CIS). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 26–29.
Regional Leader of Building Industry of Russia — OOO «REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES № 1»
OOO «Reinforced Concrete Structures № 1» is the leading enterprise of the building industry of Chuvashia for producing precast
reinforced concrete and concrete structures with years of impeccable experience in the work. The use of the newest technologies,
competent selection of highclass specialists led the company to the forefront in the field of building material production.
«Sokol» Co. has carried out the successful commissioning of production lines for the production of hollow core slabs of pre-stressed concrete at the equipment of
Nordimpianti Co. in the settlement of Mokhsogollokh, Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The use of pre-cast reinforced concrete for construction of buildings and structures
of various purposes is more often substantiated, first of all, by fast pace of construction, lower cost of human labor on a construction site and possibility to carry out
building-assembling works within a wide range of weather and temperature conditions (comparing with the monolithic method)
S.G. EMELIANOV, Councellor of RAASN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), N.V. FEDOROVA, Councellor of RAASN, Doctor of Sciences
(Engineering) (email@example.com), V.I. KOLCHUNOV, Academician of RAASN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Southwest State University (94, 50-let Oktyabrya Street, 305040, Kursk, Russian Federation)
Design Peculiarities of Nodes of Residential and Public Buildings’ Structures Made
of Panel-Frame Elements for Protection against Progressive Collapse
The methodology of computational analysis of endurance of structural systems of buildings constructed of industrially manufactured reinforced concrete panel-frame elements is pre-
sented. It is shown that, when calculating and designing bearing elements and nodes of the building frame according to the secondary calculation scheme after breakdown one of the
bearing elements, the coefficient of dynamic additional loading should be taken into account. Examples of structural solutions of nodes and joints of panel-frame elements and floor
slabs for reducing the probability of progressive collapse of the building under emergency impacts are presented.
Keywords: progressive collapse, protection, durability of structural systems of buildings, reinforced concrete panel-frame elements, industrially manufactured reinforced concrete ele-
ments, building frame, calculation of structures according to limit states.
For citation: Emelianov S.G., Fedorova N.V., Kolchunov V.I. Design peculiarities of nodes of residential and public buildings’ structures made of panel-frame elements for protection
against progressive collapse. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 23–26. (In Russian).
1. Travush V.I., Kolchunov V.I., Klyueva N.V. Some areas
of survivability theory of structural systems of buildings
and structures. Promyshlennoe i gragdanskoe stroitelstvo.
2015. No. 3, pp. 4–11. (In Russian).
2. Kolchunov V.I., Emel’yanov S.G. Questions billing anal-
ysis and protection of large buildings against progressive
collapse. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Сonstruc-
tion]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 17–21. (In Russian).
3. Kodysh E.N., Trekin N.N., Chesnokov D.A. Protection
of high-rise buildings from the progressive collapse.
Promyshlennoe i gragdanskoe stroitelstvo. 2016. No. 6,
pp. 12–15. (In Russian).
4. Shapiro G.I., Gasanov A.A., Yur’ev R.V. The calculation of
buildings and structures in MNIITEP. Promyshlennoe i
gragdanskoe stroitelstvo. 2007. No. 6, pp. 31–33. (In Russian).
5. Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other
Structures, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801
Alexander Bell Drive Reston, Virginia 20191, 2010, 658 p.
6. Evrokod 1. Vozdeistviya na konstruktsii, chast’ 1–7.
Obshchie vozdeistviya. Osobye vozdeistviya, Belorusskaya
redaktsiya. Minsk. 2010, 67 p.
7. Code of practice for the use of masonry, the Standards
Policy and Strategy Committee, 2005. 80 p.
8. Geniev G.A. Prochnost’ i deformativnost’ zhelezobeton-
nykh konstruktsii pri zaproektnykh vozdeistviyakh [The
strength and deformability of reinforced concrete struc-
tures under beyond design impacts]: Nauchnoe izdanie.
Moscow: ASV, 2004. 216 p.
9. Kolchunov V.I., Androsova N.B., Klyueva N.V.,
Bukhtiyarova A.S. Zhivuchest’ zdanii i sooruzhenii pri
zaproektnykh vozdeistviyakh [Vitality buildings at beyond
design impacts] Moscow: ASV, 2014. 208 p.
10. STO 008-02495342–2009. Predotvrashchenie progres-
siruyushchego obrusheniya zhelezobetonnykh monolit-
nykh konstruktsii zdanii [Prevention of progressive col-
lapse of reinforced concrete monolithic constructions of
buildings] Moscow: TsNIIPromzdanii, 2009. 23 p.
11. Rekomendatsii po zashchite zhilykh karkasnykh zdanii
pri chrezvychainykh situatsiyakh, [Advice on protection
of residential frame buildings in emergencies] MNIITEP,
2002. 16 p. (In Russian).
12. Rekomendatsii po zashchite monolitnykh zhilykh zdanii
ot progressiruyushchego obrusheniya, [Advice on protec-
tion monolithic apartment buildings from the progressive
collapse] MNIITEP, 2005. 76 p. (In Russian).
13. Rekomendatsii po predotvrashcheniyu progressiruyush-
chikh obrushenii krupnopanel’nykh zdanii, [Recommen-
dations to prevent progressive collapse of large buildings]
Nits Stadio., 1999. 35 p. (In Russian).
14. Patent RF 289779. Platformennyi sborno-monolitnyi styk
[The platform prefabricated monolithic joint]. Kolchu-
nov V.I., Klyueva N.V., Filatova S.A., Martynen-
ko D.V. Pablished 10.07.2016. Bulletin No. 19.
During many years the group of enterprises PROGRESS GROUP successfully works at the markets of the Russian Federation and other CIS countries. The concern
which combines five machine-building enterprises, an enterprise for development of software, and a company-producer of pre-cast reinforced structures has
developed and installed in the region tens production lines with due regard for individual requirements of every customer. However, the key to success is continuous
improvement: enterprises of PROGRESS GROUP Concern constantly invest in new developments and solutions. The ultimate goal is to provide the customer with all
the best from one source at the same time providing support in the efficient production of reinforced concrete elements of the highest quality.
A.G. KOVRIGIN, Engineer, Head of Technical Support Group (email@example.com), A.V. MASLOV, Engineer, A.A. VALD, Deputy Director
LLC «Biysk factory of glass fibre reinforced plastics» (60/1, Leningradskaya Street, Biysk, Altay Region, 659316 Russian Federation)
Factors Influencing on Reliability of Composite Ties Used in Large-Panel Housing Construction
Flexible ties from composite materials made of similar initial materials can have significantly different operational characteristics. As a result of tests of composite flexible ties, their
physical and chemical characteristics have been determined. It is established that flexible ties with a coiled bundle or with a sand anchor element significantly lose the adhesion strength
with concrete (up to 90%) after alkaline impact. Flexible ties with cylindro-conical broadening during the whole operational time losenot more than 9% of the initial adhesion strength
and can guarantee the reliability and durability of structures. The technology of production of thermal-efficient wall panels with the use of flexible ties СПА
7,5 manufactured at LLc
“Biysk factory of glass fibre reinforced plastics” is used at the factories of the Russian Federation, Belorussia, Kazakhstan, Germany, France, and Swiss. For the market of the European
Union, a special trade mark for flexible ties – ThermoPin
has been developed. The general tolerance of construction supervision has been obtained at the testing laboratory Deutsches
Institut für Bautechnik, Berlin.
Keywords: large-panel housing construction, flexible composite tie, durability, bearing capacity, requirements of normative documentation, coefficients of operational conditions, com-
plex of technical assessment of composite flexible ties.
For citation: Kovrigin A.G., Maslov A.V., Vald A.A. Factors influencing on reliability of composite ties used in large-panel housing construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction mate-
rials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 31–34. (In Russian).
1. Kovrigin A. G, Maslov A.V. Composite Flexible Bracing in
Large-Panel House Building. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Cons-
truction Materiаls]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 25–30. (In Russian).
2. Usmanov Sh.I. Formation of economic strategy of develop-
ment of industrial housing construction in Russia. Politika,
gosudarstvo i pravo. 2015. No. 1 (37), pp. 76–79. (In Russian).
3. Baranova L.N. Development of industrial housing con-
struction and the industry of construction materials in
various regions of Russia. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii est-
estvennykh nauk. 2013. No. 3, pp. 61–63. (In Russian).
4. Lugovoy А.N., Kovrigin A.G. Composite Flexible
Bracings for Three-Layered Thermal Efficient Panels.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materiаls]. 2011.
No. 3, pp. 32–33. (In Russian).
5. Lugovoy А.N. Enhancement of Energy Efficiency of
Enclosing Structures. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materiаls]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 22–24. (In Russian).
6. Lugovoy А.N., Kovrigin A.G. The accounting of require-
ments of standard documentation at design of three-layer
panels. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materiаls].
2015. No. 5, pp. 35–38. (In Russian).
7. Hozin V.G., Piskunov A.A., Gizdatullin A.R.,
Kuklin A.N. Coupling of polimerkompozitny fittings
with cement concrete. Izvestiya KazGASU. 2013.
No. 1 (23), рр. 214–220. (In Russian).
8. Blazhko V.P., Granik M.Yu. Flexible bazaltoplastikovy
communications for application in three-layer panels of
external walls. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materiаls]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 56–57. (In Russian).
9. Frolov N.P. Manufacturing techniques of fiberglass fit-
tings and some of its properties. Beton i zhelezobeton.
1965. No. 9, pp. 5–8. (In Russian).
10. Blaznov A.N., Atyasova E.V., Bychin N.V., Shundri-
na I.K., Hodakova N.N., Samoylenko V.V. Influence of
extent of hardening of vitrification of composite materi-
als, binding on temperature. Yushno-sibirskii nauchnyi
vestnik. 2016. No. 1, pp. 13–19. (In Russian).
M.A. GONCHAROVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.N. IVASHKIN, Engineer, A.A. KOSTA, Candidate of Architecture (Anthony.firstname.lastname@example.org)
Lipetsk State Technical University (30, Moskovskaya Street, 398600, Lipetsk, Russian Federation)
Proportioning and Optimization of Concretes for Production of Hollow-Core Floor Slabs of Off-Shuttering Forming
At present, the off-shuttering method for reinforced concrete products forming is one of the progressive in the building material industry. It makes it possible to produce a wide range of
products with high technical and operational characteristics as well as significantly expand possibilities of large-panel housing construction in the field of architectural-planning solu-
tions. Hollow-core pre-stressed slabs are one of the most demanded products made according to the technique of off-shuttering forming. They are often used in housing construction.
However, up to the present day, this type of products is insufficiently studied. There is no single regulation base in accordance to which the enterprises of building complex could pro-
duce floor slabs. The article presents the results of control tests of reinforced concrete hollow-core floor slabs for strength and resistance to cracks, for which the composition of con-
crete mixes has been selected. An expert assessment of parameters of slabs operation under the effect of concentrated loading is made.
Keywords: large-panel housing construction, hollow-core slab, without-shuttering formation, pre-stressing, control tests, reinforced concrete structures, concrete mix composition.
For citation: Goncharova M.A., Ivashkin A.N., Kosta A.A. Proportioning and optimization of concretes for production of hollow-core floor slabs of off-shuttering forming. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 35–38. (In Russian).
1. Nikolaev S.V. Architectural-Urban Development System
of Panel-Frame Housing Construction. Zhilishchnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 3,
pp. 15–25. (In Russian).
2. Bosakov S.V., Belevich V.N., Shchetko N.S. Calculation
and experimental estimation of shear strength of hollow
core slabs taking into account European standards re-
quirements. Stroitel’naya nauka i tekhnika. 2010. No. 6,
pp. 47–54. (In Russian).
3. Voronov V.I., Mikhailov V.V., Roshchina S.I. The results
of control testes of hollow-core pre-srtessed slabs bench
formless molding. Nauchno-tekhnicheskii vestnik
Povolzh’ya. 2011. No. 5, pp. 89–92. (In Russian).
4. Klyueva N.V., Gornostaev S.I. To the question of the
choice of settlement model for the assessment of reinforced
concrete designs. Izvestija Jugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstven-
nogo universiteta. 2016. No. 1 (64), pp. 71–74. (In Russian).
5. Goncharova M.A., Ivashkin A.N., Kashirskaya O.A.
Assessment of products front surface quality from multi-
component decorative concrete. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 12, pp. 19–22.
6. Goncharova M.A., Ivashkin A.N., Simbaev V.V.
Development of Optimal Compositions of Silicate
Concretes with the Use of Local Raw Resources.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Constriction Materials]. 2016.
No. 9, pp. 6–8. (In Russian).
7. Yumasheva E.I., Sapacheva L.V. House-building industry
and social order of time. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Constriction
materials]. 2014. No. 10, pp. 3–11. (In Russian).
I.N. TIKHONOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (Niijb_tihonov@mail.ru), V.Z. MESHKOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering);
2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), I.P. SAVRASOV2
, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Efficient Reinforcement for Reinforced Concrete Structures of Buildings Designed
With Due Regard for Impact of Special Loads
The main design criterion is to prevent progressive collapse of structures in the first place to save people’s lives. When designing, studies and account of strength and deformability
characteristics of reinforcement and concrete structures at stages close to the destruction as well as development and studies of new types of reinforcing bars ensuring the high
strength and power intensity of adhesion between concrete and reinforcement at the stage of plastic deformation of tensile reinforcement on the anchorage and in the most loaded
cross-sections of elements are very relevant. The requirements of normative documents of the Russian Federation and Eurocode 2 «Design of concrete structures» for mechanical
properties of reinforcement ensuring greatly the strength of reinforced concrete structures are mapped. The principal differences showing that the requirements of Eurocode 2 deserve
serious attention, as they are more specific in the evaluation of strength and deformation characteristic of reinforcement steels. Basic provisions to guide when developing geometric
parameters of efficient types of the deformed reinforcement are formulated. It is shown that the new profile of reinforcement with the conventional name “sickle-shaped four-sided”
makes it possible to significantly improve the strength and rigidity of adhesion between concrete and reinforcement due to the increase in bearing and shear resistance of zigzag inter-
costal concrete keys of continuous length as well as due to the efficient operation of grains of coarse aggregate introduced in them.
Keywords: progressive collapse of structures, reinforcement, crushing resistance, anchorage, reinforcement steel, reinforcement profile, adhesion between concrete and reinforcement,
For citation: Tikhonov I.N., Meshkov V.Z., Zvezdov A.N., Savrasov I.P. Efficient reinforcement for reinforced concrete structures of buildings designed with due regard for impact of spe-
cial loads. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 39–45. (In Russian).
1 NIIZHB named after A.A. Gvozdev, JSC “RC of Construction”) (6, 2nd
Institutskaya Street, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 JSC Research Center of Construction (JSC “RC of Construction”) (6, 2nd
Institutskaya Street, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)
1. Tikhonov I.N. Designing of elements of buildings from a
lezobeton on emergency loadings taking into account
properties are of maturny hire. Stroitel’naja mehanika i
raschet sooruzhenij. 2007. No. 4, рр. 52–56. (In Russian).
2. Tikhonov I.N. Effective reinforcing of steel concrete de-
signs without preliminary tension. Promyshlennoe i grazh-
danskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 1, рр. 25–27. (In Russian).
3. Snimshchikov S.V., Kharitonov V.A., Kharitonov V.A.,
Surikov I.N., Petrov I.M. Analysis of the level of quality
of reinforcing B500C class hire on the basis of methods of
mathematical statistics. Сhernaia metalurgia. 2013. No. 8,
рр. 48–59. (In Russian).
4. Tikhonov I.N. Investigation of reinforced concrete ele-
ments with an effective reinforcement of class A500.
Sbornik nauchnyh trudovv NIIGB. Moscow: NIIZhB.
2013, pp. 179–190. (In Russian).
5. Semchenkov A.S., Zalesov A.S., Meshkov V.Z.,
Kvasnikov A.A. Character coupling rod to concrete rein-
forcement of various profiles. Beton i zhelezobeton. 2007.
No. 5, рр. 2–7. (In Russian).
6. Tikhonov I.N., Gumenyuk V.S. To a question of assess-
ment of influence of cold hardening of fittings on her re-
sistance to compressionconcrete goods. ZhBI i konstrukt-
sii. 2010. No. 2, рр. 16–20. (In Russian).
7. Tikhonov I.N., Gumenyuk V.S. About the settlement re-
sistance to compression of fittings strengthened in a cold
state. Metizy. 2008. No. 2 (18), рр. 26–30. (In Russian).
8. Madatyan S.A. Properties of an armature of steel concrete
designs in Russia at the level of the best international stan-
dards. Beton i zhelezobeton. 2013. No. 5, рр. 2–5. (In Russian).
9. Madatyan S.A. New reinforcing steel of the class A 600 C.
Strojmetall. 2010. No. 5, рр. 7–10. (In Russian).
10. Madatyan S.A. Holodnodeformirovanny armature of the
class B 500 C. Metizy. 2008. No. 2, рр. 20–25. (In Russian).
11. Tikhonov I. N. An efficiency evaluation of reinforcing
hire with different types of a periodic profile of a surface.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2013.
No. 3, рр. 29–34. (In Russian).
12. Zvezdov A.I., Snimshchikov S.V., Kharitonov V.A., So-
kol H., Haritonov A.V. Format of delivery of bukhtovy rein-
forcing hire and its quality in the domestic market. Chernaja
metallurgija. 2016. No. 10 (1402), рр. 53–62. (In Russian).
13. Tikhonov I.N., Meshkov V.Z., Rastorguyev B.S. Proekti-
rovanie armirovanija zhelezobetona [Steel concrete rein-
forcing designing]. Moscow: TsNTP of G.K. Ordzho-
nikidze, 2015. 273 p.
14. Mayer, U (2002), Zum Einfluss der Oberflachengestalt von
Ripptnstahlen fuf das Trag – und Verformungsverhalten von
Stahlbetonbauteilen, Dissertation, Universitat Stuttgart, Institut
fur Werkstoffe im Bauvesen, IWB – Mitteilungen 2002/1.
15. Madatyan S.A. Armatura zhelezobetonnyh konstrukcij [
Armature of steel concrete designs]. Moscow:
Voyentekhlit, 2000. 256 p.
16. Mulin N. M. Sterzhnevaja armatura zhelezobetonnyh
konstrukcij [Rod armature of steel concrete designs].
Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1974. 233 p.
E.F. FILATOV, Chief Technologist (email@example.com)
OOO UK “Bryansk Large-Panel Prefabrication Plant” (99A, Rechnaya Street, 241031, Bryansk, Russian Federation)
Express-Methods for Forecasting Cement Activity in the Plant Laboratory
There are many methods of accelerated assessment of the cement activity which were developed for cement consumers with the purpose of forecasting the cement brand. During
recent years, accelerated methods for forecasting the cement activity, so-called contraction-metric methods of operative determination and forecasting of the cement activity based on
the established interconnection of the activity with processes of reducing the absolute volume of cement material as a result of cement hydration were developed and are widely used in
the practice of building industry enterprises. Along with the use of contraction-meters in the laboratory practice, since 2009 automatic contraction-metric devices are used in Russia.
Methods for accelerated determination of the cement activity under the building laboratory conditions are considered.
Keywords: portland cement, cement paste, cement activity, contraction-metric devices, reinforced concrete products, concrete strength, quality of reinforced concrete structures.
For citation: Filatov E.F. Express-methods for forecasting cement activity in the plant laboratory. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 46–48. (In Russian).
1. Sizov V.P. Ratsional’nyi podbor sostavov tyazhelogo be-
tona [Rational selection of compositions of heavy con-
crete]. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1995. 52 p.
2. Gubaidulin G.A., Leonidov S.M. The new device for as-
sessment of quality of cement. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo
[Housing Сonstruction]. 2009. No. 12, pp. 17–18.
3. Zvezdov A.I., Malinina L.A., Rudenko I.F. Tekhnologiya
betona i zhelezobetona v voprosakh i otvetakh
[Tekhnologiya of concrete and reinforced concrete in
questions and answers]. Moscow: NIIZhB, 2005. 434 p.
4. Bolotskikh O.N. Evropeiskie metody fiziko-me-
khanicheskikh ispytanii tsementa [The European meth-
ods of the physicist-mechanical tests of cement].
Khar’kov: Spektr, 2015. 89 p.
A.A. VISHNEVSKY1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org); G.I. GRINFELD2, Engineer, Executive Director,
2, Engineer, Assistant Executive Director
Russian Market of Autoclave Gas Concrete. Results of 2016
The current state of the sub-sector PSM, production of autoclave gas concrete, is presented. Volumes of the autoclave gas concrete production in Russia and its share at the market of
small piece materials are shown. The comparison of the dynamics of aerated concrete production in Russia and neighboring countries, Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, is made. The
distribution of produced autoclaved gas concrete according to the average density of brands is presented. It is noted that the reduction in the density of produced articles continues, the
share of heat-efficient articles production increased. Different types of products, non-reinforced and reinforced for various purposes are shown. Regional differences in the prices of gas
concrete blocks are shown; the volumes of autoclave gas concrete in 2017 are forecasted. Total output of production decreased by 9.1%, capacity utilization fell to 64%, factory prices
decreased by 5.1%.
Keywords: autoclave gas concrete, cellular concrete, statistics, volume of production, regional peculiarities, brand on density, small piece materials, forecast of production.
For citation: Vishnevsky A.A., Grinfeld G.I., Smirnova A.S. Russian market of autoclave gas concrete. Results of 2016. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3,
pp. 49–51. (In Russian).
1 Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin (19, Mira Street, 620002, Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation)
2 National Association of Autoclave Gas Concrete Producers (40 A, Oktyabrskaya Embankment, 193091, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)
1. Levchenko V.N., Grinfel’d G.I. Production of Autoclaved
Aerated Concrete in Russia: prospects of development of
subsector. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2011. No. 9, pp. 44–47. (In Russian).
2. Vishnevsky A.A., Grinfeld G.I., Kulikova N.O. Analysis
of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Market of Russia.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013.
No. 7, pp. 40–44. (In Russian).
3. Vishnevsky A.A., Grinfel’d G.I., Smirnova A.S.
Production of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete in Russia.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015.
No. 6, pp. 52–54. (In Russian).
4. Vishnevsky A.A., Grinfel’d G.I., Smirnova A.S.
Manufacture of Autoclaved Aerocrete. Results of 2015.
Forecast for 2016. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2016. No. 5, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
5. Grinfel’d G.I. Dialectics of Specified Requirements for
Resistance of Enclosing Structures to Heat Transfer.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012.
No. 1, pp. 22–24. (In Russian).
6. Grinfel’d G.I., Korkina E.V., Pastushkov P.P., Pavlen-
ko N.V., Erofeeva I.V. The system of the protecting de-
signs providing the increased energy saving in buildings.
Nauchnyi vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhi-
tekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitek-
tura. 2016. No. 3, pp. 25–35. (In Russian).
A.N. NESTEROV1, Docent, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), General Director (email@example.com); D.O. DATUKASHVILI2, General Director
Production of High-Calcium Lime in Russia
A review of production of high-calcium lime in Russia in shaft and rotary kilns of different design is presented. Main technical characteristics of kilns operating on gas fuel for
burning of different types of carbonate raw materials are given. New technical decisions which make it possible to modernize kilns in order to improve the lime grade, increase the
productivity of kilns and reduce the fuel consumption are considered. New solutions on making the energy saving lining of shaft and rotary kilns which make it possible o reduce
the heat loss through the kiln casing more than twice are presented. Various designes of burners, loading and unloading devices of shaft and rotary kilns are considered. Issues of
the correct operation of kilns and selection of the optimal burning conditions are addressed. Main criteria for selection of the type and design of kilns for limestone or chalk burning
Keywords: lime, limestone, chalk, shaft kiln, rotary kiln.
For citation: Nesterov A.N., Datukashvili D.O. Production of high-calcium lime in Russia. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 52–59. (In Russian).
1 OOO «KIANIT» (1, Yuriya Gagarina Avenue, St. Petersburg, 196105, Russian Federation)
2 OOO «MAGMA engineering» (10, A. Nevskogo Street, Borovichi, Novgorod Oblast, 174411, Russian Federation)
1. Monastyrev A.V. Proizvodstvo izvesti [Production of
Lime]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola. 1971. 272 p.
2. Dresvyannikova E.A., Gotuleva Yu.V. Energy saving
technologies by production of construction materials.
Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii. 2013. No. 8–2,
pp. 301–302. (In Russian).
3. Nesterov A.V., Batyzhev D.Z. A New Life of Shaft Kilns.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015.
No. 3, pp. 49–52. (In Russian).
4. Monastyrev A.V., Galiakhmetov R.F. Pechi dlya proiz-
vodstva izvesti [Kilns for production of lime]. Voronezh:
Istoki. 2011. 392 p.
5. Patent RF 2079785. Gazovaya gorelka [Gas burner].
Kalashnikov L.V., Kalashnikov G.L. Declared
13.04.1995. Published 20.05.1997. (In Russian).
6. Tabunshchikov N.P. Proizvodstvo izvesti [Production of
Lime]. Moscow: Khimiya. 1974. 240 p.
7. Monastyrev A.V. Designs of Efficient Shaft and Rotary Kilns
of 200–600 t/d Capacity. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 2, pp. 26–28. (In Russian).
8. Monastyrev A.V. Ways of Reduction of Fuel Consumption
in the Course of Chalk Roasting with Production of Lime
in Long Rotary Kilns. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2010. No. 9, pp. 9–15. (In Russian).
V.I. ZUEV, General Director (firstname.lastname@example.org); A.E. MIKALUTSKY, Head of Technological Department
OOO VPP “Izvesta” (231, 9 Yanvarya Street, 394019, Voronezh, Russian Federation)
Improvement of Lime-Burning Rotary Kilns
The main advantage of rotary kilns due to which they found widespread – is the possibility to produce high-quality soft burnt lime from small raw materials with various properties.
At this, the high quality lime can be obtained practically at any rotary kiln. The main disadvantage of rotary kilns is low economic efficiency, due primarily to high fuel consumption and
high expenditures for construction and maintenance. Main elements and systems of the rotary kiln, which determine its performance with different raw materials, the design of the lime
cooler; designs of seals of hot and cold ends; the design of the burner device; the design of the kiln lining; the design of the kiln feeding unit; designs of internal or separate pre-heaters
of raw materials. A brief description of modern, practically applicable main elements and systems of rotary kilns is presented; proposals and recommendations on their introduction and
improvement are also given.
Keywords: lime, chalk, rotary kilns, lime coolers, gas burner, feeding unit of kiln, raw materials pre-heater.
For citation: Zuev V.I., Mikalutsky A.E. Improvement of lime-burning rotary kilns. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 62–68. (In Russian).
1. Khavkin L.M. Tekhnologiya silikatnogo kirpicha
[Technology of a silicate brick]. Moscow: Stroyizdat.
1982. 384 p.
2. Monastyrev A.V. Requirements of Consumers to
Properties of Lime Used for Cellular Concrete and
Technological Means to Guarantee these Properties.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2009.
No. 6, pp. 36–37. (In Russian).
3. Korneev V.I., Zozulya P.V. Sukhie stroitel’nye smesi
[Dry construction mixes]. Moscow: Stroimaterialy. 2010.
4. Semenov A.A. Situation at the Russian Market of Lime.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012.
No. 5, pp. 107–110. (In Russian).
5. Monastyrev A.V. Ways of Reduction of Fuel Consump-
tion in the Course of Chalk Roasting with Production of
Lime in Long Rotary Kilns. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 9, pp. 9–15.
6. Patent RF 2568806. Shakhtnyi podogrevatel’ kuskovogo
materiala [Mine heater of lumpy material]. Zuev V.I.
Declared 11.06.2014. Published20.11.2015. Bulletin
No. 32. (In Russian).
E.V. KOTLAYRSKY, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), V.I. KOCHNEV, Engineer,
V.M. OL’KHOVIKOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), A.I. ABRAMOVA, Magistrand
Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University (64, Leningradsky Avenue, 125319, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Cold Regeneration of Structural Layers When Surfacing Municipal Roads
The technology of cold regeneration when surfacing municipal roads network is considered. As it is known, the local municipal road network is usually heavily worn due to delays in
carrying out the required cycle of repair-maintenance works. When repairing it, it is advisable to use the methods of hot and cold regeneration that makes it possible to maximally use
the materials of existing pavements and reduce the material consumption and financial expenses when planning road repairing works. Methods for assessing the real conditions of
transport-maintenance and technical indicators of the road structure are presented; requirements for determination of road pavement strength by means of expert assessment are
given; minimal thicknesses of strengthening layers are presented; there are nomograms for determining the required modulus of elasticity and the thickness of the regenerated layer
Keywords: cold regeneration, repair, defects, road pavement, asphalt concrete, granulate, nomograms.
For citation: Kotlayrsky E.V., Kochnev V.I., Ol’khovikov V.M., Abramova A.I. Cold regeneration of structural layers when surfacing municipal roads. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 70–75. (In Russian).
1. Dolgilevich Yu.P., Kostel’ov M.P., Khakkert Yan.
Experience of using cold regeneration road pavement
technology in the US. Dorozhnaya Tekhnika. 2005. No. 1.
obrashcheniya 07.12.2016). (Date of access 12.7.2016).
2. Gornaev N.A., Nikishin V.E., Kochetkov A.V. Cold re-
generated asphalt. Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo
tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2007. Vol. 3, No. 1 (26),
pp. 112–116. (In Russian).
3. Patent RF 2232841. Sposob kholodnoi regeneratsii sloev
dorozhnoi odezhdy (varianty) [The process of cold regen-
eration of pavement layers (options)] Bakhrakh G.S.
Declared 29.01.2003. Published 20.07.2004. Bulletin
No. 3. (In Russian).
4. Bakhrakh G.S. Kholodnaya regeneratsiya dorozhnykh
odezhd nezhestkogo tipa [Cold regeneration pavements
non-rigid type]. Moscow: Rosavtodor. 1999. 84 p.
5. Wirtgen. Tekhnologiya kholodnogo resaiklinga [Wirtgen.
The technology of cold recycling]. Windhagen, Germany:
Wirtgen Windhagen. 2012. 370 p. http://media.wirtgen-
ch/___RU.pdf. (Date of access 12.7.2016). (In Russian).
6. Kanhal P.S., R.B. Mallick. Development of rational and
practical mix design system for full depth reclaimed
(FDR) mixes. University of New Hampshire. Final
Report. 2002, pp. 1–103.
7. Sartakov A.A. The calculation of the service life of pave-
ments asfaltogranulobetonnyh reason recovered by cold
recycling. Vysshaya shkola. 2016. No. 9-1, pp. 124–126.
8. Efimova V.M., Verkhovtseva T.A., Dudin V.M. Repair
pavement cold regeneration method (recycling). Sixty-
ninth All-Russia scientific-technical conference of stu-
dents, undergraduates and graduate students of higher
educational institutions with international participation.
Yaroslavl. 2016. Vol. 1, pp. 968–971. (In Russian).
9. Chernykh D.S., Stroev D.A., Zadorozhniy D.V., Gorelov
S.V. Assessing the impact of the number of asfaltogranu-
lyata and feed technology on the properties of prepared
asphalt mixtures. Inzhenernyi vestnik Dona. 2013. Vol. 27.
No. 4, p. 196. http://www.ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/ar-
chive/n4y2013/2197. (Date of access 12.7.2016). (In
10. Tsitsikashvili M.S., Vagner E.Ya., Kostylevskiy A.V.,
Popov A.M. The efficiency of technology of cold regen-
eration of pavement layers. Nauchnye trudy SWORLD.
2016. No. 1 (42), pp. 8–14. (In Russian).
A.V. RUDENSKY, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Deputy Head, Research Center of Road Construction ((email@example.com)
OAO «NIIMosstroy» (8, Vinnitskaya Stret, 119192, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Rational Application of Building Materials and Resource Saving —
Actual Way of Improving Works Efficiency When Constructing and Repairing Automobile Roads
Main ways of the efficient application of building materials and resource saving, improvement of the quality and the extension of the service life of automobile roads with asphalt-con-
crete pavements are considered. Data on the volumes of road-building materials consumption when constructing and repairing pavements are presented. The need to improve traditional
technological solutions and technical requirements for asphalt concrete, improve design methods for road pavements with asphalt concrete facings, extend the service life of road
structures for the purpose of economy consumption of material, energy and finance resources when constructing automobile roads is shown.
Keywords: building materials, road pavements, asphalt concrete, resource saving, technical requirements.
For citation: Rudensky A.V. Rational application of building materials and resource saving – actual way of improving works efficiency when constructing and repairing automobile roads.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 76–80. (In Russian).
1. Rudenskiy A.V., Dotsenko A.I. Efficient use of resources
in road construction. MIR (Modernizatsiya. Innovatsii.
Razvitie). 2011. No. 3, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
2. Rudenskiy A.V. Resource-saving technologies – effective
direction of saving material, energy and financial costs in
road construction. Dorozhniki. 2014. No. 2, pp. 30–32.
3. Rudenskiy A.V. Possibilities of economy of power re-
sources at building and repair of highways. Stroitel’nye
materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka. 2011.
No. 6, pp. 37–38. (In Russian).
4. Rudenskiy A.V. Dorozhnye asfal’tobetonnye pokrytiya
[Road asphalt coating]. Moscow: Transport. 1992. 254 p.
5. Rudenskiy A.V., Kalgin Yu.I. Dorozhnye asfal’tobetony
na modifitsirovannykh vyazhushchikh [Road asphalt
concretes on modified binders]. Voronezh: VGASU.
2009. 142 p.
6. Rudenskiy A.V., Nikonova O.N., Kaziev M.G. Increase
of durability of asphalt concretes by introducing the active
complex modifier. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2011. No. 10, pp. 10–11. (In Russian).
7. Rudenskiy A.V., Tarakanov S.A. The use of preformed
granules asphalt cement concentrate – way to increase the
efficiency and quality of production of road asphalt mix-
tures. Dorozhnaya tekhnika. 2014, pp. 48–49. (In Russian).
8. Rudenskiy A.V. On the need for substantial processing
guest on asphalt. Trudy Rosdornii. 2009. Vol. 21/1,
pp. 244–250. (In Russian).
V.S. LESOVIK1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), D.Ju. POPOV1, Engineer (email@example.com);
2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Textile-Concrete – Efficient Reinforced Composite of the Future
The analysis of the development of textile-concrete is presented; main trends of its application are determined. The industrial experience in the application shows that the efficient fields
of textile-concrete application are creation of small architectural forms, garden-park furniture, pedestrian bridges, sandwich-panels and facade panels, execution of works concerning the
strengthening and reconstruction building and structures, architectural monuments especially. Due to the high bearing capacity, the absence of corrosion of textile meshes, possibility to
construct thin-wall structures, the textile-concrete expands the creative boundaries of the modern architecture. It is concluded that further perspectives of textile-concrete development
is connected with interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary studies within frames of which composite binders of a new generation are developed. The importance of 3D-additive technolo-
gies in construction is highlighted, for these purposes water-resistant and frost-resistant composite gypsum binders have been developed.
Keywords: textile-concrete, composite materials, reinforced composites, 3D-additive technologies.
For citation: Lesovik V.S., Popov D.Ju., Glagolev E.S. Textile-concrete – efficient reinforced composite of the future. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 3,
pp. 81–84. (In Russian).
Список литературы / References
1 Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (46, Kostyukova Street, Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation)
2 Department of Construction and Transport, Belgorod Oblast (4, Sobornaya Square, 308005, Belgorod, Russian Federation)
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der RWTH Aachen. Access mode: http://www.baunetz.
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na A.A. Das Gesetz über die Verwandtschaft von Strukturen
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E.V. KOROLEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Technical-Economical Efficiency of New Technological Solutions. Analyses and Improvement
The article presents methodical approaches to the formulation of the generalized criterion of building material quality and to the assessment of technical and economic efficiency of new
technological solutions, including solutions in nanotechnology. It is shown that the formalization of the material quality should be carried out with due regard for the classification of
properties which are used for quality assessment. To achieve a significant increase in the generalized criterion of quality that should be observed during application of new technological
solutions (particularly in case of nanotechnology), it is not enough to improve the values of individual properties. The methods that can be used for improving the calculation of techni-
cal and economic efficiency, as well as methods that can be used for designing compositions of building materials are proposed. The improved methodology for assessing the technical
and economic efficiency of new technological solutions takes into account the effect of the random variation of the material composition on its quality and is able to modernize the for-
mula for calculating the technical and economic efficiency depending on the change in the relative price of the material.
Keywords: technical-economic efficiency, quality, system analyses, building material science, nano-technology, technological solutions.
For citation: Korolev E.V. Technical-economical efficiency of new technological solutions. Analyses and improvement. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3,
pp. 85–88. (In Russian).
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cal base of applied nanotechnology in material science.
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prospective construction materials. Regional’naya arkhi-
tektura i stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 3, pp. 9–14. (In Russian).
5. Korolev E.V., Kiselev D.G., Al’bakasov A.I. Operational
properties as the indicators of sulfur binders nanomodifi-
cation. Nanotekhnologii v stroitel’stve. 2013. No. 3,
pp. 60–70. (In Russian).
6. Korolev E.V., Smirnov V.A., Al’bakasov A.I.,
Inozemtsev A.S. Some aspects of mixture design for mul-
ticomponent composites. Nanotekhnologii v stroitel’stve.
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Korolev E.V. Sistemnyy analiz v stroitel’nom materialo-
vedenii [Systems analysis in construction material sci-
ence]. Moscow: Moscow State University of Civil
Engineering. 2012. 432 p.
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clopedic dictionary]. Moscow: Bol’shaya Rossiyskaya
Entsiklopediya. 1997. 1263 p.
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General concentration-dependent pattern during na-
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A.M. SALAKHOV1, Candidate of Science (Engineering) (email@example.com), V.P. MOROZOV1, Doctor of Science (Geology and Mineralogy),
1, Candidate of Science (Physics and Mathematics); A.A. ESKIN2
, Candidate of Science (Geology and Mineralogy);
1, Student, A.L. ZINNATULLIN1
The Scientific Basis of Color Control Lining Brick at «Alekseevskaya Ceramics» Factory
Some innovations in the field of wall ceramics are analyzed. The actuality of production of facial ceramic materials of a wide range of colors are shown. This poses the task of expanding
the color gamut of products. The main chromophore of the products of wall ceramics is iron. Therefore, its concrete effect on the color of ceramics on specific examples are shown.
Due to extremely sensitivity of the parameters of the Mssbauer spectra to the valence state and to the local environment of iron ions the modern research methods are used. The regu-
larities of the change in the parameters of Mossbauer spectra of red-burning clays and clays with a high content of carbonates in ceramic samples are revealed. X-ray phase analysis
and Mossbauer spectroscopy have allowed to reveal the characteristic features of clays. The features of the structure of ceramic materials are revealed using scanning electron micros-
copy. Various methods for controlling the color of ceramics are shown due to transferring iron compounds to different valence and coordination states. These studies formed the basis
of the technological rules for facing brick production on «Alekseevskaya ceramics “ plant (Republic Tatarstan).
Keywords: ceramics, colour scale of brick, Moessbauer spectroscopy, X-ray phase analysis, clinker, hematite.
For citation: Salakhov A.M., Morozov V.P., Vagizov F.G., Eskin A.A., Valimuhametova A.R., Zinnatullin A.L. The Scientific Basis of Color Control Lining Brick at «Alekseevskaya Ceramics»
Factory. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 90–95. (In Russian).
1 Kazan Federal University. Institute of Physics (16a, Kremlyovskaya Street, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation)
2 Kazan Federal University. Institute of Geology and Petroleum Technologies (4/5, Kremlyovskaya Street, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation)
1. Maslennikova G.N., Pishch I.V. Keramicheskie pig-
menty [Ceramic pigments]. Moscow: RIF «Stroimate-
rialy». 2009. 223 p.
2. Zubekhin A.P., Yatsenko N.D., Golovanova S.P.
Teoreticheskie osnovy belezny i okrashivaniya keramiki i
portlandtsementa [Theoretical bases of a whiteness and
coloring of ceramics and portlandtsement]. Moscow: RIF
«Stroimaterialy». 2014. 152 p.
3. Sidel’nikova M.B., Pogrebenkov V.M. Keramicheskie
pigmenty na osnove prirodnogo i tekhnogennogo
mineral’nogo syr’ya [Ceramic pigments on the basis of
natural and technogenic mineral raw materials]. Tomsk:
Izdatelstvo Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta.
2014. 262 p.
4. Llop J., Stoyanova Lyubenova T., Barrachina E., Nota-
ri M.D., Nebot I., Carda J.B. The Ceramic Industry in
Spain: Chellenges and Opportunities in Times of Crisis.
Ceramic forum international. 2014. No. 6. pp. 43–48.
5. Kotlyar V.D., Lapunova K.A. Features of Physical-
Chemical Transformations during Opoka-Like Raw
Material Burning. Stroitel’nye Materialy. [Construction
Materials]. 2016. No. 5, pp. 40–42. (In Russian)
6. Stirlen A. Iskusstvo islama [Art of Islam]. Moscow:
Izdatel’stvo Astrel’. 2003. 319 p.
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beautiful question finding nature’s deep design] Moscow:
Al’pina non-fikshn. 2016. 604 p.
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facing products. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2015. No. 8, pp. 76–80. (In Russian).
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ceramic wall materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy. [Construction
Materials]. 2016. No. 8, pp. 9–14. (In Russian).
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ronmental materials and their industrial utilization.
London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004. 417 p.
11. Salakhov A.M., Tagirov L.R. Structure formation of ce-
ramic with clays which form various phases at burning.
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No. 8, pp. 68–74. (In Russian).
12. Salakhov A.M. Innovatsionnye materialy: Sovremennaya
keramika. [Innovative materials: Modern ceramics].
Kazan’: Paradigma, 2012. 360 p.
13. Kotlyar V.D., Terekhina Yu.V., Kotlyar A.V. Features of
Properties, Application and Requirements for Clinker
Brick. Stroitel’nye Materialy. [Construction Materials].
2015. No. 4, pp. 72–74. (In Russian).
14. Petelin A.D., Saprykin V.I., Klevakin A.V., Klevaki-
na E.V. Features of the Use of Nizhneuvelsky Deposit
Clays in Production of Ceramic Brick. Stroitel’nye
Materialy. [Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 4,
pp. 28–30. (In Russian).
A.I. NIZHEGORODOV, Doctor of Sciences Engineering (firstname.lastname@example.org), A.V. ZVEZDIN, Engineer (email@example.com), T.B. BRYANSKIH, Engineer
Irkutsk National Research State Technical University (83, Lermontov street, Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation)
Specified Model of Vermiculite Heat Absorption While Burning in Electric Kilns with New Experimental Data
With the advent of a new electric kiln with movable hearth it is possible to determine experimentally the dependence of the density of expanded vermiculite on its temperature. New
experimental data have shown that the previous model of heat absorption gave an overestimated result by value needed for full swelling of energy. The experimental results and calcula-
tions are presented to demonstrate clearly the new specified and basic indices of model of vermiculite heat absorption. Experimental determination of the temperature of vermiculite
found that swelling it effectively requires up to twenty per cent less energy than previously thought according to the first model of heat absorption. And higher efficiency of structuriza-
tion process indicates several large energy efficiency electric ovens for roasting vermiculite.
Keywords: vermiculite, electric kiln, the model of heat absorption, efficiency factor of structure formation process.
For citation: Nizhegorodov A.I., Zvezdin A.V., Bryanskih T.B. Specified model of vermiculite heat absorption while burning in electric kilns with new experimental data. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 96–99. (In Russian).
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Vermiculite Concentrates Burning Based on Electric
Kilns with Module Release // Ogneupori i technicheskaya
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