Table of contents
E.I. YuMASHEVA, Engineer-Technologist, L.V. SAPACHEVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
OOO RIF “Stroymaterialy” (9, building 3, Dmitrovskoe Highway, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
The house-building industry has to correspond to the social order of time
the present stage of large-panel housing construction is important the correct and objective assessment of the direction of further development of this type of construction of houses.
The wrong choice of house-building system for the modernized or created enterprise can result in low competition of production and construction of low-demanded housing. Among the
existing methods of construction of housing – panel, frame and monolithic, the most effective still remain a method of construction of housing from large panels: at cost – is 20-25%
cheaper than others, on construction speed – more than twice. Even in the form of assembly and monolithic it is difficult to refer monolithic housing construction to industrial housing
construction. For change of system of an opiraniye of plates of overlappings from a “narrow” step of cross walls for houses the house-keeper of a class with flight on a house facade no
more than 4,2 m on a “wide” step with flight to 7 m are required the special previously strained products and forms. At a choice of house-building system for again under construction
and modernized enterprises it is expedient to be guided by panel and frame system with application of multihollow plates of bezopalubochny formation and a framework on the first and
underground floors of buildings. These and other questions were discussed by scientists and experts at the “Development of Large-panel Housing Construction in Russia —
InterConPan-2014” conference, largest in the Russian Federation, in St. Petersburg in June, 2014.
Keywords: house-building industry, large-panel construction, house-building combine.
1. Nikolaev S.V. Solution of Housing Problem in the Russian
Federation on the Basis of Reconstruction and Technical
Re-equipment of Housing Construction Industrial Base.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [HousingConstruction].2010.
No. 2, pp. 2–5. (In Russian).
2 Modernization of Panel Construction - the Locomotive of
Economy-Class Housing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[HousingConstruction].2011. No. 6, pp. 2–6. (In Russian).
3 Sokolov B.S., Mironova Yu.V., Gataullina D.R. Ways of
Overcoming of Crisis Situation in Large- Panel Housing
Construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 4–6. (In Russian)
4 Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. Formless molding line
is the ability to create a large-panel prefabrication plant
with flexible technology. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 4,
pp. 22–26. (In Russian).
5. Krasnova T.A., Baturin I.A. Issues of Improving the
Surface Quality of Reinforced Concrete Products.
Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014.
No. 5, pp. 25–27. (In Russian).
6. Bogomolov O.V. Experience of Energy Saving at
Industrial Enterprises. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 28–29. (In Russian).
, Head of Design-and-Engineering Department (firstname.lastname@example.org); V.N. SAPRYKIN
, Technical Director
OAO “NIIproektasbest” (7, Promyshlennays Street, Asbest, 624266, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russian Federation)
“Stroy Mix Service”, Group of Companies (18, Frontovykh Brigad Street, 620017, Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation)
Complex of Equipment of OAO “NIIproektasbest” for Producing Fillers for Concrete and Mortar Mixes
For the purpose of effective use of natural resources and improving the quality of concrete and mortar mixes, a sorting unit for fractioning of natural sand and rock fragmentation dust
has been developed. The advantage of this unit is simplicity, reliability and small dimensions. It can be installed outdoors in close proximity to concrete mixing plant. The technical char
acteristic and standard dimensions series are presented. Peculiarities of its operation with various types of feedstock in warm and cold seasons are shown on the example of the unit
operation at the factory.
Keywords: fractioning, inertia screen, sorting, natural sand, fragmentation dust, concrete mix, mortar mix.
A.I. NIZHEGORODOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Irkutsk National Research State Technical University (83, Lermontov street, Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation)
Energy-saving technology of firing vermiculite conglomerates in the electrical module and triggers kilns with "zero"
not electrified module
Energy-saving technology of firing vermiculite conglomerates in the electrical module and triggers kilns with “zero” not electrified module is examined. The final expanding of vermiculite
is carried out not by an external source of heat radiation, as it is done mainly, but in a special “zero” module at the expense of the internal thermal energy, stored in the vermiculite and
inert material. In flat space slotted of the “zero” module the radiant energy grain of sand is transferred on the vermiculite and with it comes the conductive heat transfer in the grains
themselves from their outer layers to deep. This method of the recovery of thermal energy allows to replace the third-electric module on not electrified. It reduces the power consump
tion by 33% and decreases a specific energy consumption of firing of vermiculite conglomerates.
Keywords: vermiculite conglomerate, expanded vermiculite, an inert material, electric kiln, the energy of heat absorption.
1. Nizhegorodov A.I. Distinctive features of firing of
vermiculite raw materials with high content of inert
material in the electrical module and trigger kilns.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013.
No. 1, pp. 8–9.(In Russian).
2. Nizhegorodov A.I. Tehnologii i oborudovanie dlya pererabotki
vermikulita: optimalnoe frakcionirovanie, elektricheskij
obzhig, doobogashchenie [Technologies and equipments for
processing of vermiculite: an optimal rectification, electrical
firing, beneficiation]. Irkutsk. IRSTU. 2011, 172 p.
3. Popov N.A. Proizvodstvo i primenenie vermikulita
[Vermiculite production and application]. Moscow:
Stroyizdat. 1964, 128 p.
4. Tikhonov Yu.M., Makbuzov A. I., Kolomiets I.V. Karatas-
Altyntass vermiculite deposit and the technology of its firing.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2007. No. 11.
Application Technology. No. 10, pp. 14–15. (In Russian).
5. Nizhegorodov A.I. The effectiveness of fire and electric
modul and triggers kilns. Tehnologiya mashinostroeniya.
2010. No. 1, pp. 32–34. (In Russian).
6. Timchak V.M., Gusovsky V.l. Raschet nagrevatelnyh i
termicheskih pechej [Calculation of heating and heat
treatment kilns]. Moscow. Metallurgy. 1983, 480 p.
7. Nizhegorodov A.I. Improvement of the technology of
vermiculite firing in electric module and trigger kilns.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011.
No. 5, pp. 14–15. (In Russian).
8. Patent RF 120203. Tehnologicheskij kompleks dlya obzhiga
i doobogashcheniya vermikulita [Technological complex
for firing and beneficiation of vermiculite]. Nizhegorodov
A.I. Declared 06.04.2012. Published 10.09.2012. Bulletin
No. 25. (In Russian).
9. Telegin A.S., Shwidkiy V.S., Yaroshenko Yu.G. Teplo
massoperenos [Heat and mass transfer]. Moscow. PBC
Akademkniga. 2002, 455 p.
10. Nizhegorodov A.I. Narrowband fractionation as a factor
of vermiculite concentrate quality. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 9, pp. 68–69.
A.A. LUKASH, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), N.P. LUKUTTSOVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering)
Bryansk State Engineering-Technological Academy (3 S.T. Dimitrova Avenue, 241037 Bryansk, Russian Federation)
Corrugated Cardboard Plate – Efficient Heat Insulating Material
A new heat insulating material, a corrugated cardboard plate, is offered. The presence of air layers inside it ensures good insulation properties. The possibility of using waste of goods
packing provides the cheapness of manufacturing. The corrugated cardboard plate can be manufactured by gluing in thickness in the press. According to another method the corrugated
cardboard plate is manufactured without the press unit and glue by means of connection with a stapler in thickness of lump waste. Each layer of the corrugated cardboard plate is
assembled from strips (pieces) of the corrugated cardboard so that it is equal to the square of the finished plate. The next layer of corrugated cardboard strips is put on the previous one
thus to overlap the joints between its strips. It is established that the corrugated cardboard plate is an efficient insulant for using in construction of domestic premises. The coefficient of
its thermal conductivity is comparable with the thermal conductivity coefficients of traditional insulation materials as mineral wool, foam polystyrene, foam polyurethane and glass wool.
The calculation of the thickness of insulant from corrugated cardboard has been made. An enclosing structure with the ceramic brick masonry of 0.12 m thickness, the unsulant from
corrugated cardboard plate of 0.17 m thickness with the masonry from solid clay brick meets the sanitary-hygienic and construction requirements for heat transfer of enclosing structures
by temperature drop under the condition of insulant tightness.
Keywords: corrugated cardboard, heat conductivity, construction, waste, plate.
1. Lukash A.A., Dyachkov K.A. Building articles made of
veneer and grinded timber waste. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 1, pp. 54–55. (In
2. Lukash, A.A., Plotnikov V.V., Savenko V.G., Bota
govsky M.V. New building materials – relief plywood and
cellular laminwood. Stroitel’nye Materialy Construction
Materials. 2006. No. 12, pp. 38–39. (In Russian).
3. Lukash, A.A. Plotnikov V.V., Botagovsky M.V. Cellular
wall panels made of timber materials. Stroitel’nye
Materialy Construction Materials. 2009. No. 2, pp. 72–
73. (In Russian).
4. Patent RF 2252865, IPC С1В27D1/06, В32В3/22.
Sposob skleivaniya drevesnykh sloistykh materialov [The
glueing method of laminated wood-based materials].
V.G. Savenko, A.A. Lukash; patentee – Bryansk State
Engineering and Technology Academy. №2003135692/03.
Declared 08.12.2003. Published 27.05.2005. Bulletin
No. 15. 2 p. (In Russian).
5. Set of Rules 23-101-2004. Design of thermal protection
of buildings. Instead of Set of Rules 23-101-2000. Entered
01.06.2004. Moscow: NIISF, 2004. 122 p. (In Russian).
6. Construction Norms and Rules 23-02-2003. Thermal
protection of buildings. Instead of Construction Norms
and Rules 23-01-99. Entered 01.10.2003. Moscow:
NIISF RAASN, 2003. 36 p. (In Russian).
7. Set of Rules 131.13330.2012. Building climatology.
Instead of Set of Rules 23-101-2000. Entered 01.01.2013.
Moscow: NIISF, 2012. 88 p. (In Russian).
E.V. FOMINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), N.I. KOZHUKHOVA, Engineer, J.V. PALSHINA, Engineer,
V.V. STROKOVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.E. FOMIN, MA Student (email@example.com)
Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (46, Kostyukov Street, Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation)
Effect of Mechanical Activation on Dimensional Parameters of Alumino-Silicate Rocks*
The change in the dimensional heterogeneity of mechanically activated alumino-silicate rocks of natural and anthropogenic genesis has been studied. It is established that all the ana
lyzed natural raw alumino-silicate components differ in polymineral composition with a high content of amorphous silica. Differences in mineral-genetic characteristics of alumino-sili
cate rocks, content of the amorphous component and preliminary thermal treatment influence on the variability of dimensional parameters of the raw material in the course of mechani
cal activation. The kinetics of mechanical effect on the material due to the improvement of grindability, change in the granulometry with a significant increase in the specific surface was
conducted. The results obtained make it possible to control dimensional parameters of the raw material in the course of mechanical activation that is an important factor of improving
the activity and reaction capacity of the material as well as optimization of grinding conditions. The feasibility of using alumino-silicate rocks from the position of reducing the energy
intensity at the technological stage of the raw material preparation – grinding – is shown.
Keywords: alumino-silicate raw material, dispersion, mechanical activation, dimensional heterogeneity.
1. Zhernovsky I.V., Strokova V.V. About problem of phase-
size heterogeneity of mineral raw as factor of structural
formation of construction materials. Vestnik
Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-
stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektu
ra. 2013. No. 31-2, pp. 112–118. (In Russian).
2. Zhernovsky I.V., Strokova V.V., Bondarenko A.I.,
Kozhukhova N.I., Structural transformations of silica
raw material in the course of mechanical activation.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials] 2012.
No. 10, pp. 56–59. (In Russian).
3. Lesivik V.S., Alfimova N.I., Yakovlev E.A., Sheichenko
M.S. About problem of enhancement of efficiency of
composite binders. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstven
nogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova.
2009. No. 1, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).
4. Nosova A.N., Fomina E.V. Thermal activation of opal-
cristobalite rock – waste of Korkin’s coal mine. Technical
sciences – from theory to practice: Proceeding of XXIV
International virtual research and practice Conference.
Novosibirsk. 2013. No. 24, pp. 106–111. (In Russian).
5. Khodyikin E.I., Fomina E.V., Nikolaenko M.A., Lebedev M.S.
Rational areas of application of coal strip mine raw. Vestnik
Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta
im. V.G. Shukhova. 2009. No 3, pp. 125–128. (In Russian).
6. Fomina E.V., Kozhukhova N.I., Kozhukhova M.I.
Estimation of efficiency of application of aluminosilicate
raw in composite binders. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosu
darstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G.
Shukhova. 2013. No. 4, pp. 31–35. (In Russian).
7. Voitovich E.V., Kozhukhova N.I., Zhernovsky I.V.,
Cherevatova A.V., Netsvet D.D. Concept of quality con
trol of aluminum silicate binders of non-hydration hard
ening. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 11, pp. 68–70. (In Russian).
8. Khodakov G.S. Tonkoe izmel’chenie stroitel’nykh mate
rialov [Fine finding of construction materials]. Moscow:
Stroizdat.1972. 240 p.
9. Lebedev M.S, Strokova V.V., Zhernovsky I.V., Potapo
va I.Y. Change of properties of mineral powders prepared
from aluminosilicate raw material under influence of
thermal modification. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Constru
Comparative Analysis of Mechanical Behavior of Rocks on the Loading Diagram
Results of the analysis of experimentally obtained graphic dependences of the quantity and character of changes of generated ultrasound impulses of the acoustic emission on the dia
gram of loading of natural stone materials of different genesis are presented. The complex assessment of power, energetic, deformation, and acoustic parameters of the mechanical
behavior of rocks makes it possible to offer the criterion of structural quality of fillers in the course of their selection for concretes of higher strength and reliability.
Keywords: rocks, acoustic emission, acoustic parameters, destruction process, crack resistance.
N.I. MAKRIDIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Counsellor of RAACS,
I.N. MAKSIMOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
E.A. TAMBOVTSEVA, MA Student
Penza State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (28, Germana Titova Street, Penza, 440028, Russian Federation)
1. Leng F.F. Razrushenie kompozitov s dispersnymi chas
titsami v khrupkoi matritse. V kn. Kompozitsionnye ma
terialy. Tom 5. Razrushenie i ustalost’. [Destruction
composites dispersed particles in the brittle matrix. In the
book. Composite materials. Vol. 5 Destruction and fa
tigue. Translated from English by ed. Cherepanov G.P.].
Moscow: Mir. 1978, pp 9–57.
2. An instrument for measuring the coefficient of internal fric
tion type IKVT-2. Instructions. Leningrad: LETI, 1967. 32 p.
3. Karpenko N.I., Zaitsev Yu.V., Okolnikova G.E.,
Andrianov A.A. Experimental determination of physical
and mechanical properties and fracture mechanics pa
rameters of ultra high-strength concrete. Proceedings.
Fundamental research RAASN on scientific support de
velopment of architecture, urban planning and construc
tion industry of the Russian Federation in 2010. Moscow
Orel: RAASN. 2011, pp. 242–248. (In Russian)
4. Makridin N.I., Korolev E.V., Maksimova I.N. The acous
tic emission method in building materials. Stroitel’nye
materialy [Construction Materials]. 2007. No. 3 / Nauka.
No. 9, pp. 25–27. (In Russian).
E.V. KOROLEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Director Research and Education Center «Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology» (KorolevEV@mgsu.ru)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Thermodynamic Condition of Preserving the Layer of Binding Materials
Methods for the calculation of the thickness of the layer of binder between the particles of the disperse phase (filler) are presented; they are used for forecasting the influence of its
characteristics on the properties of composite materials. It is shown that the parameters of the disperse phase significantly influence on the internal stress state of the material and
parameters of its conditions. The thermodynamic condition for the preservation of the layer of binder on the disperse phase surface is established.
Keywords: binder, thermodynamic condition, layer, interphase boundary, sedimentation, composite material.
1. Bazhenov Yu.M., Danilov A.M., Gar’kina I.A., Koro
lev E.V., Sokolova Yu.A. Sistemnyi podkhod k razrabotke i
upravleniyu kachestvom stroitel’nykh materialov
[Systematic approach to developing and managing the qual
ity of building materials]. Moscow: Paleotip. 2006. 188 p.
2. Bazhenov Yu.M., Danilov A.M., Gar’kina I.A., Koro
lev E.V. Sistemnyi analiz v stroitel’nom materialovedenii [System
analysis in building materials]. Moscow: MGSU. 2012. 432 p.
3. Bormotov A.N., Proshin I.A., Korolev E.V. Matema
ticheskoe modelirovanie i mnogokriterial’nyi sintez kompozitsi
onnykh materialov [Mathematical modeling and multi-criteria
synthesis of composite materials]. Penza: PGTA. 2011. 352 p.
4. Korolev E.V., Bazhenov Yu.M., Al’bakasov A.I.
Radiatsionno-zashchitnye i khimicheski stoikie sernye
stroitel’nye materialy [Radiation-protective and chemi
cally resistant sulfur construction materials]. Penza –
Orenburg: IPK OGU. 2010. 364 p.
5. Bobryshev A.N., Kozomazov V.N., Babin L.O.
Sinergetika kompozitsionnykh materialov [Synergetics
composite materials]. Lipetsk: NPO ORIUS. 1994. 152 p.
6. Ermilov P.I. Dispergirovanie pigmentov [Dispersion of
pigments]. Moscow: Khimiya. 1971. 298 p.
7. Rusanov A.I. Fazovye ravnovesiya i poverkhnostnye yav
leniya [Phase equilibria and surface phenomena].
Leningrad: Khimiya, 1967. 388 p.
8. Popel S.I. Poverkhnostnye yavleniya v rasplavakh [Surface
phenomena in melts]. Moscow: Metallurgiya. 1994. 432 p.
9. Semenchenko V.K. Poverkhnostnye yavleniya v metal
lakh i splavakh [Surface phenomena in metals and alloys].
Moscow: Metallurgizdat. 1957. 491 p.
10. Veitsman E.V. Kvazitonnaya teoriya mezhfazovoi oblas
ti razdela i ee prilozheniya [Kvaziton theory of interfacial
area section and its applications]. Moscow: Energo
atomizdat. 1999. 144 p.
11. Korolev E.V., Inozemtcev A.S. Effectiveness of physical effects
for dispersing nanosized modifiers. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 76–79. (In Russian).
S.V. FEDOSOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Academician of RAACS, President (email@example.com); V.G. KOTLOV2, Candidate of Sciences
(Engineering), Counsellor of RAACS (KotlovVG@volgatech.net); R.M. ALOYAN
1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Corresponding Member of RAACS, Rector;
3, Doctor of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics); M.V. BOCHKOV1
1 Ivanovo State Polytechnical University (20, Mart 8th
Street, Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation)
2 Volga State University of Technology (3, Lenin Square, Yoshkar-Ola, Republic of Mari El, 424000, Russian Federation)
3 Ivanovo State Power Engineering University (34, Rabfakovskaya Street, Ivanovo, 153003, Russian Federation)
Simulation of Heat-Mass Transfer in the Gas – Solid System at Dowel Joints of Timber Structures Elements.
Part. 4. Simulation and Numerical Realization of Processes of Condensation, Evaporation and Mass Conductivity of Moisture
On the basis of mathematical models of heat and mass transfer previously developed and expounded in the works [1–3], the methodology of concrete calculations of the kinetics and
dynamics of moisture transfer in the wood of dowel joint with due regard for the stages of moisture condensation in the dowel and mass transfer of moisture to the wood layers adja
cent to the dowel is presented. The kinetics of water condensation in the dowel, when the air temperature reaches the dew point and then reduces, is described. For the case of natural
convection characterized by the value of mass transfer Sherwood number (Sh=2), the results of model analyses, which determine the bulk quantity of moisture condensed in the dowel
and diffused during this time into the internal layers of wood, are presented. In the perspective, the monitoring of cyclicity of temperature-humidity parameters of the environment
makes it possible to exercise the monitoring of temperature-humidity characteristics of the dowel wood for developing recommendations on periodic maintenance of bearing structures.
Keywords: dowel connection, wood, mass transfer, condensation, micro-processes method.
1. Fedosov S.V., Kotlov V.G., Aloyan R.M., Jasinski F.N.,
Bochkov M.V. Simulation of heat-mass transfer in the
gas-solid system at dowel joints of timber structures ele
ments. Part. 1. General physical and mathematical problem. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2014. No. 7, pp. 86–91. (In Russian).
2. Fedosov S.V., Kotlov V.G., Aloyan R.M., Jasinski F.N.,
Bochkov M.V. Simulation of heat-mass transfer in the
gas-solid system at dowel joints of timber structures ele
ments. Part 2. Dynamics of temperature fields at arbitrary
law of changes of air environment temperature. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 8, pp. 73–79.
3 Fedosov S.V., Kotlov V.G., Aloyan R.M., Jasinski F.N.,
Bochkov M.V. Simulation of heat-mass transfer in the
gas-solid system at dowel joints of timber structures ele
ments. Part 3. Dynamics and kinetics of moisture trans
fer. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014.
No. 9, pp. 63–69. (In Russian).
4 Fedosov S.V. Teplomassoperenos v tekhnologicheskikh
protsessakh stroitel’noi industrii [Heat and mass transfer
in technological processes in construction industry].
Ivanovo: PresSto. 2010. 364 p.
5 Kasatkin A.G. Osnovnye protsessy i apparaty khimiches
koi tekhnologii [Basic processes and devices of chemical
technology]. Moscow: State Research and Engineering
Publishing House of chemical literature. 1961. 830 p.
6 Comissarov Y.A., Gordeev L.S., Vent D.P. Protsessy i
apparaty khimicheskoi tekhnologii [The processes and
apparatuses of chemical technology]. Moscow: Khimiya.
2011. 1229 p.
7 Ugolev B.N. Drevesinovedenie i lesnoe tovarovedenie
[Wood science and forestry merchandising]. 2-nd ed.
Moscow: Publishing Center Academy, 2006. 272 p.
A.A. STENIN, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org), A.M. AYZENSHTADT, Doctor of Sciences (Chemistry), A.A. SHINKARUK, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry),
M.L. DEMIDOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), M.A. FROLOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry)
Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov ( 22, Severnaya Dvina Embankment, 163002 Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation)
A Mineral Modifier of a Surface for Protection of Wood Building Materials
The article analyzes results of the X-ray structural analysis and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) of the mineral fire protection filler. SEM shows that the thickness of the protection
film is 300-400 microns, and the film possesses a heterogeneous structure. The surface layer contains a saponite-containing material, the middle layer – crystal basalt neo-formations,
and the deep layer is a carbonated calcium oxide (calcite). This structure of the filler makes it possible to improve the fire protection and hydro-physical properties of wooden products
that leads to an increase in their service life. Application of the protection film on the timber is made with the help of an autoclaved unit which makes it possible to alternate the vacuum-
pressure regime for a more complete and uniform penetration of the mineral filler into the timber pores. The article presents the technological scheme of the autoclaved unit.
Keywords: basalt, saponite, mineral filler, modified surface of timber.
1. Stenin A.A., Aizenshtadt A.M., Shinkaruk A.A., Makho
va T.A. Formation of fireproof properties of construction
materials from wood with use of a high-disperse basalt
filler. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 11, pp. 47–49. (In Russian).
2. Lomakin A.D. Protection of glued wooden designs indus
trially. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 4, pp. 111–115. (In Russian).
3. Lomakin A.D. Deep impregnation of wood by means
of protection from biodestruction and ignition. Stroitel’
nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 6,
pp. 72–74. (In Russian).
4. Korol’chenko A.Ja., Korol’chenko O.N. Sredstva ogne
zashhity [Means of fire protection]. Moscow: Pozhnauka.
2009. 560 p.
5. Korol’chenko A.Ja., Korol’chenko O.N. Sredstva ogne- i
biozashhity [Means fire – and bioprotection]. Moscow:
Pozhnauka. 2009. 250 p.
6. Petrova E.A. Decrease in combustibility of wood.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011.
No. 11, pp. 59–61. (In Russian).
7. Lomakin A.D. Zashchita derevyannykh konstruktsii
[Protection of wooden constructions]. Moscow:
Stroimaterialy. 2013. 424 p.
8. Aseeva R.M., Serkov B.B., Sivenkov A.B. Gorenie
drevesiny i ejo pozharoopasnye svojstva [Burning of wood
and its fire-dangerous properties]. Moscow: Akademija
GPS MChS Rossii. 2010. 262 p.
R.V. LESOVIK, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), D.M. SOPIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
G.G. IL’INSKAYA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), V.A. BOGUSEVICH, Engineer, R.M. GAYNUTDINOV, Engineer
Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (46, Kostyukova Street, 308012, Belgorod, Russian Federation)
Electric Heating of Concrete Mixes on the Basis of Composite Binders
At present, practically in all regions of the Russian Federation, the specialists are faced, to a greater or lesser extent, with the problem of replacement of expensive foreign components
by local raw materials with the purpose of reducing the self-cost of concrete and improving technical-and-economic indexes. The compositions of a composite binder with the use of
anthropogenic sand, waste of wet magnetic separation of ferruginous quartzite, are offered. A possibility of increasing the efficiency of concreting at negative temperatures due to the
use of composite binders and fine concretes on the basis of anthropogenic raw materials of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly is considered.
Keywords: composite binders, fine concrete, siftings of quartzitic sandstone crushing, waste of wet magnetic separation, winter concreting.
1. Serdyukova A.A. Rakhimbayev Sh. M. Influence of low
ered temperatures on kinetics of curing of cement sys
tems. Тhe Messenger of the Belgorod state technological
university of V.G. Shukhov. 2012. No. 3, рр. 49–52.
2. Bashlykov V.N., Sirotin P.N. Special cements for
production of concrete works in winter time. Stroitel’
nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 2,
рр. 49–52. (In Russian).
3. Sadovich M. A. Metody zimnego betonirovaniya
[Methods of winter concreting]. Bratsk: Public
Educational Institution of Higher Professional Training
BRGU, 2009. 104 p. (In Russian).
4. Lesovik V.S., Alfimova N.I., Yakovlev E.A. Sheychenko
M.S. To a problem of increase of efficiency composite
knitting. Тhe Messenger of the Belgorod state technological
university of V.G. Shukhov. 2009. No. 1, рр. 30–33.
5. Lesovik V.S., Vishnevskaya YA.YU., Alfimova N.I.
Energoyemkost of processes of synthesis composite knit
ting depending on genesis of a kremnezemsoderzhashchy
componen. Тhe Messenger of the Belgorod state techno
logical university of V.G. Shukhov. 2011. No. 3, рр. 53–56.
6. Fedosov S.V., Bobylyov V.I. Mitkin Yu.A. Zakinchak
G.N., Sokolov A.M. electrothermal treatment of con
crete by currents of various frequency. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 6, pp. 2–7.
7. Fedosov S.V., Krylov B.A. Bobylyov V.I. Pyzhikov A.G.
Krasnoselskikh N. V., Sokolov A.M. application of elec
trothermal treatment of ferroconcrete products on poly
gon installations. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2013. No. 11, pp. 35–38. (In Russian)
V.P. SELYAEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Academician of RAACS (email@example.com), V.A. NEVEROV, Candidate of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics),
L.I. KUPRIYASHKINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), O.G. MASHTAEV, Engineer
Mordovia State University named after N.P. Ogarev (68, Bolshevistskaya Street, Saransk, 430005, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation)
Natural and Artificial Micro-silica as Fillers for Vacuum Insulation Panels
The complex studies of the structure and properties of some natural and artificial micro-silica with the purpose to find a suitable material for fillers of vacuum insulation panels have
been conducted. The parameters of the non-homogeneities of nano-meter scale of amorphous silicon dioxide particles are determined. The comparative analysis of studied dispersions
with a powder-filler of foreign production is made. Experimental samples of the vacuum insulation panels were made, their efficient heat conductivity was measured. Recommendations
for the production of powder-fillers from local mineral raw materials are given.
Keywords: natural diatomite, disperse micro-silica, vacuum insulation panel.
1. Dul’nev G.N., Zarichnyak Yu.P. Teploprovodnost’
smesei i kompozitsionnykh materialov [Thermal conduc
tivity of composite materials and mixtures thereof].
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2. Selyaev V.P., Osipov A.K., Neverov V.A., Mashtaev O.G.,
Sidorov V.V. Polystructural model the thermal conduc
tivity of the material on the basis of particulate fume.
Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2012. Vol. 2(13),
pp. 5–11. (In Russian).
3. Bardakhanov S., Zar’yalov A., Zobov K., Lysenko V.
Determination of the coefficient of thermal conductivity
nano-silica. Nanoindustriya. 2008. No. 5, pp. 24–26. (In
4. Gladkov S.O. Gas-kinetic model of the thermal conduc
tivity of heterogeneous substances. Zhurnal tekhnicheskoi
fiziki. 2008. No. 7, pp. 12–15. (In Russian).
5. Selyaev V.P., Osipov A.K., Neverov V.A., Kupriyashki
na L.I., Mashtaev O.G., Sidorov V.V. Heat insulation
properties of materials on the basis of fine dispersed min
eral powders. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2013. No. 1, pp. 61–63. (In Russian).
6. Selyaev V.P., Neverov V.A., Mashtaev O.G., Sido
rov V.V. Microstructure of heat insulation materials on
the basis of fine-dispersed mineral powders. Stroitel’
nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 8,
pp. 79–80. (In Russian).
7. Selyaev V.P., Neverov V.A., Kupriyashkina L.I.,
Kolotushkin A.V., Sidorov V.V. Microstructure promis
ing heat-insulating materials based on diatomite of the
Middle Volga. Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo.
2011. Vol. 1 (15), pp. 12–17. (In Russian).
8. Selyaev V.P., Neverov V.A., Kupriyashkina L.I., Osi
pov A.K., Udina O.A. Diatomite Middle Volga. Structure
and properties. Science, Technology and Higher
Education April 17th, 2013. Westwood, Canada. Vol. II.
2013, pp. 218–227.
9. Korolev L.V., Lupanov A.P., Pridatko Yu.M. Dense
packing of polydisperse particles in composite building
materials. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya.
2007. No. 6, pp. 109–114. (In Russian).
10. Kamashev D.V. Influence of synthesis conditions on the
morphology of amorphous silica particles. Proceedings of
the III International Mineralogical seminar «New ideas and
concepts in mineralogy» Syktyvkar. 2002, pp. 185–186.
11. Mirkin L.I. Spravochnik po rentgenostrukturnomu anal
izu polikristallov [Handbook of X-ray analysis of poly
crystalline]. Moscow: State Publishing house of physical
and mathematical literature.1961. 864 p.
12. Vasil’ev L.L., Tanaeva S.A. Teplofizicheskie svoistva
poristykh materialov [Thermophysical properties of po
rous materials]. Minsk: Nauka i tekhnika. 1971. 265 p.
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malouglovoe rasseyanie [X-ray and neutron small-angle
scattering]. Moscow: Nauka. 1986. 280 p.
14. Svergun D.I., Semenyuk A.V., Feigin L.A. Small-angle-
scattering-data treatment by the regularization method.
Acta Crystallographica. 1988. A 44, pp. 244–250.
15. Svergun D.I. Determination of the regularization param
eter in indirect-transform methods using perceptual crite
ria. Journal of Applied Physics. 1992. Vol. 25, pp. 495–503.
16. Smirnov B.M. Fractal tangle – new state of matter.
Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk. 1991. No. 8, pp. 141–153.
V.S. GRYZLOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), A.I. FOMENKO1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), N.S. BUSYGIN1
, Engineer, Kh.Kh. TURGUMBAEVA2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), I.Z. LAPSHINA2
, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry)
1 Cherepovets State University (5, Lunacharsky Prospect, Cherepovets, 162600, Vologda Region, Russian Federation)
2 Kazakh National Technical University named after K.I. Satpayev (22a, Satpaev Street, Almaty, 050013, Republic of Kazakhstan)
Electrothermophosphoric Slags as a Basis of Binding Composites
Results of the study of composite binders on the basis of electrothermophosphoric slags of Novodzhambul Phosphorous Plant of “Kazphosphate” LLC are presented. It is established
that the chemical composition of slags doesn’t depends on the time of year and the place of sample taking. The feasibility of practical using these slags for producing low-clinker bind
ers with a relatively low heat conductivity and high heat resistance is shown. On the basis of a detailed study of the mineralogical composition of binders with the use of phosphoric slag
by the X-ray diffraction method in the course of stage-by-stage heat treatment, the conclusion about the possibility of their use in concretes and mortars for special purposes is made.
Keywords: electrothermophosphoric slags, low-clinker binder, X-ray diffraction method, heat conductivity, heat resistance.
1. V.N. Yarmakovsky, N.I. KARPENKO, V.A. Il’ichev.
About Development of Building Materials Production on
the Basis of Secondary Industrial Products (SIPs).
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011.
No.4, pp. 36–42. (In Russian).
2. .K. Sarsenbaev, T.A. Momyshev, T.U. Iskakov, N.B.
Sarsenbaev, T.S. Aubakirova. Production of Slag-Alkali Binders
and Concretes on Their Base. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 11, pp. 56–58. (In Russian).
3. A.V. Artamonova, G.I. Nosov. Binding Agents on the Basis of
Electric Furnace Steelmaking Slag. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2011. No. 5, pp. 16–17. (In Russian).
4. E.A. Shlyakhova, A.F. Akopyan . Estimation of the
Limits of Applicability of Raw Material for Production of
Slag Alkali Binders. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2010. No. 11, pp. 28–29. (In Russian).
5. Gryzlov V. S. Formirovanie struktury shlakobetonov
[Structure formation Slag Concreat]. Lambert Academic
Publishing Saarb Ucken Deutchland. 2012. 347 с.
L.I. LEONT’EV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Academician of RAS, O.Yu. SHESHUKOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
V.S. TSEPELEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), M.A. MIKHEENKOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
I.V. NEKRASOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), D.K. EGIAZAR’YAN, Engineer
Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (101, Amundsena Street, 620016, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation)
Technological Features of Steelmaking Slag Processing in Building Materials and Products*
The main types of slag generated by the steel industry, features of their chemical and mineralogical compositions are considered. Physical-chemical conditions of the slag formation are
described. It is shown that under conditions of the oxidizing melting the slag containing significant amounts of iron oxide and small amounts of calcium oxide is formed, but under con
ditions of reduction melting the slag containing significant amounts of calcium oxide and small amounts of iron oxide is formed. Features of the phase compositions of slag are shown.
An analysis of now existing methods of processing of steelmaking slag and features of the processing of self-flaking, high-lime, refined slags are presented. The correction of the phase
composition of self-flaking slag at the moment of melting is the most prospective methods of their stabilization. The results of such slag stabilization are presented. The possibility of
giving binding properties to the slag by mixing of different types of liquid slag is shown. Results and technical features of the steelmaking slag processing in building materials and
products are presented and described.
Keywords: slag, phase composition, slag crushed stone, mineral binders, partition plate.
1. Demin B.L., Smirnov L. A., Sorokin Y.V., Shcherba
kov E.N., Kulezneva L.P., Matsiuk L.T. New design of
drum type for processing of slag melts. Works of scientific
and practical Conference with international participation
“The perspectives of development of metallurgy and me
chanical engineering using the completed fundamental re
search and research and development”. Ekaterinburg.
2013, рр. 63–70. (In Russian).
2. Demin B.l., Sorokin Y.V., Shcherbakov E.N., Sharafut
dinov R.Y. Technical Solutions for Processing of Self
disintegrating Stainless Steel Slags. Proceeding of Intern.
Congress “Fundamentals of processing technologies and re
cycling of industrial wastes.” Ekaterinburg. 2012, рр. 236–
240. (In Russian).
3. Durinck D., Jones P.T. Arnout S. Blanpain B. Stainless
Steel Slag Valorisation: on Volume Stability and
Disintegration. Materials of 1st International Slag
Valorisation Symposium. Leuven. 2009, рр. 81–92.
4. Patent of RF 2505504. Composite Waterproof Gypsum
Binder. Mikheenkov M.A., Mamaev S.A., Stepanov A.I.,
Zuev M.V. Pretention 13.07.2012. Published 27.01.2014.
Bulletin No. 3. (In Russian).
I.A. STAROVOYTOVA1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), A.V. DROGUN2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
1, Engineer, A.N. SEMENOV2
, Engineer, V.G. KHOZIN1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), E.B. FIRSOVA2, Engineer
1 Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, 420043, Kazan, Russian Federation)
2 OOO “NPF “Rekon” (25/22, Kremlevskaya Street, 420111, Kazan, Russian Federation)
Colloidal-Chemical Stability of Water Dispersion of Epoxy Resins
Results of the study of colloidal-chemical stability of epoxy resins in water solutions of surfactants are presented in this work. Prescription-technological parameters of the dispersion
obtaining were optimized according to the criterion of stability and structural parameters of the systems under laboratory conditions. High efficiency of using the mixed surfactant (block
copolymer of ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, and polycarboxylic ether) for dispersion of epoxy resins in the water medium is established. In particular, the use of the mixed surfactant
makes it possible to reduce the average size of particles of the disperse phase by 2–2.5 times in comparison with the basic formula. On the basis of results of testing the process of dis-
persion obtaining under production conditions, the possibility to “transfer” laboratory parameters to the industrial dissolvers with getting similar results is demonstrated.
Keywords: water dispersion of epoxy resins, oiling agents, stability, dispersity, colloidal-chemical stability
1. Patent US 4933381. Resin compatible size composition for
small diameter glass fibers. Tomas P. Khager. Declared
27.08.1987. Published 12.06.1990.
2. Patent EP 0620805 A1. Size composition. Leonard J.
Adzima, Martin C. Flautt.; Declared 08.11.1993.
3. Tuisov A.G., Belousov A.M. Investigation of the effect of
the type of lubricant on the strength properties of fiber
glass rod. Polzunovskii vestnik. 2008. No. 1–2, pp. 97–98.
4. Gurtovnik I.G., Sokolov V.I., Trofimov N.N., Shalgu
nov S.I. Radioprozrachnye izdeliya iz stekloplastikov
[Radiotransparent products of fiberglass]. Moscow: Mir.
2003. 368 p.
5. Patent RF 2432330. Steklyannye niti, pokrytye zamasli
vatelem, soderzhashchim nanochastitsy [Glass filaments
coated a lubricant containing nanoparticles]. Muaro
Patrik. Declared 18.12.2006. Published 27.01.2010.
Bulletin No. 3. (In Russian).
6. Shinkareva E. V., Koshevar V. D., Budeiko N. L. Stability
and structural and rheological properties of emulsions of
epoxy oligomer. Laki i kraski. 2009. No. 5, pp. 18–22. (In
7. Jianfeng Yu, Hongxia Pan, Xiaodong Zhou. Preparation
of waterborne phosphated acrylate–epoxy hybrid disper
sions and their application as coil coating primer. Journal
of Coatings Technology and Research. 2014. Vol. 11. Is. 3,
8. Patent RF 2165946. Sposob polucheniya vodoemul’sionnoi
epoksidnoi kompozitsii [A method for producing an aque
ous emulsion of epoxy composition]. Amirova L.M.,
Mangusheva T.A., Saifutdinov R.Kh., Shapaev I.I.,
Prokhorov A.A.; Declared 16.07.1999. Published
27.04.2001. Bulletin № 12. (In Russian).
9. Gang Fu, Lin Han, Hong Kuang, Chunming Fu, Milin
Zhang, Bin Zhang. Preparation and Properties of Solid
Waterborne Epoxy Resin Dispersion. Polymer Materials
Science & Engineering. 2011. Is. 3, рр. 147–149.
S.V. BASTRYGINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), L.G. GERASIMOVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering)
Institute of Chemistry and Technology of Rare Elements and Mineral Raw Materials named after I.V. Tananaev Kola Science Center RAS
(26a, «Academic town», Apatity, 184209, Murmansk region, Russian Federation)
Fine Disperse Tails of Copper-Nickel Ore Concentration are Raw Materials to Produce Composite Pigments
for Paint-and-Lacquer Materials
Possibilities to use the fresh and old tails of copper-nickel ore concentration to obtain composite pigments for construction purposes are considered. It is established that the fresh tails
have inhomogeneous granulometric composition and additional grinding is necessary for their use in the composition of paint-and-lacquer materials. Old tails are characterized by the
predominance of fine-disperse material, in which the content of talc in attachments to chlorites and hydrochlorites reaches 80% and more. To increase the content of talc in stale tails
the magnetic separation and acid treatment are conducted. Additional preparation (mechanical activation) of the talc-containing product and optimization of conditions of putting of flat
ting component on its cover surface (compounds of Fe, Ni, Co et al.) favorably influence on the quality and expand the sphere of application of the pigment filler in the building and
Keywords: pigments, paint-and-lacquer materials, talc, process waste.
1. Gerasimova L.G., Skorohodova O.N. Napolniteli dlja
lakokrasochnoj promyshlennosti [Fillers for the paint-
and-varnish industry]. Moscow: OOO LKM-press. 2010.
2. Nikolaev A.I., Bryljakov Ju.E., Gerasimova L.G.,
Vasil’eva N.Ja. Himicheskaja pererabotka mineral’nyh
koncentratov Kol’skogo poluostrova [Chemical process
ing of mineral concentrates of the Kola Peninsula].
Apatity: KNC RAN. 2003. 196 p.
3. Gerasimova L.G. Pigmenty i napolniteli iz prirodnogo
titansoderzhashhego syr’ja i tehnogennyh othodov
[Pigments and fillers from natural titanium-containing
raw materials and anthropogenic wastes]. Apatity: KNC
RAN, 2001. 96 p.
4. Kalinskaja T.V., Drinberg A.S. Cvetnye pigmenty [Colou
ring agents]. Moscow: OOO LKM-press. 2013. 360 p.
5. Gerasimova L.G., Nikolaev A.I., Vasil’eva N.Ja. Building
paints based on alumosilicate pigment fillers. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Costruction materials]. 2000. No. 1, pp. 27–28.
6. Gerasimova L.G. Recovery of by-products in pigment
and filler production. Lakokrasochnaja promyshlennost’.
2012. No. 6, pp.28–33 (In Russian).
7. Gerasimova L.G. Producing a titanium-containing pig
ment filler from titanite. Lakokrasochnaja promyshlen-
nost’. 2010. No. 8, pp. 36–38 (In Russian).
8. Kuleshova I.D. Talkon microtalc from Irkutsk – new
fillers for paint and varnish materials. Lakokrasochnye
materialy i ih primenenie. 2002. No. 12, pp. 4–8.
9. Kochergin A.V., Krasnobaj N.G. Situation at the market
of iron-oxide pigments and pigmented fillers and possible
use of natural minerals. Lakokrasochnye materialy i ih
primenenie. 2003. No. 1, pp. 3–14 (In Russian).