Table of contents
Complex additive based on carbon nanotubes and silica fume for modifying autoclaved aerated gas silicate
G.I. YAKOVLEV1, Doctor of Technical Sciences, G.N. PERVUSHIN1, Doctor of Technical Sciences; Ja. KERIENE2, Doctor of Technical Sciences;
I.S. POLIYANSKICH1, Doctor of Technical Sciences, I.A. PUDOV1, Candidate of Technical Sciences, D.R. CHAZEEV1, engineer,
S.A. SENKOV3, Candidate of Technical Sciences
1 The M.T. Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7, Studencheskaya street, Izhevsk, 426069, Russia);
2 The Gediminas Vilnius Technical University (Vilnius, Lithuania);
3 The Perm State National Research University (15, Bukireva Street, Perm, 614990, Russia)
The influence of complex additives based on dispersion of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in combination with MK- 85 silica fume on the structure and properties of autoclaved
aerated gas silicate has been studied. Physical and chemical studies of the additive have shown its activity towards calcium hydroxide, which has improved the mechanical properties
of autoclaved aerated concrete. The conducted studies of physical and mechanical properties (compressive strength and thermal conductivity) have shown the dependence of the
properties of aerated concrete on the ratio of the used complex additives and technologies of their adding in the process of producing mortars.
Keywords: multi-walled carbon nanotubes, gas silicate, calcium silicate hydrate, silica fume.
1. Jadvyga Keriene, Modestas Kligys, Antanas Laukaitis,
Grigory Yakovlev, Algimantas Spokauskas, Marius
Aleknevicius. The influence of multi-walled carbon
nanotubes additive on properties of non-autoclaved and autoclaved aerated concretes. Construction and Building
Materials. 2013. V. 49. Pр. 527–535.
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Influence of amorphous nanodispersive SiO2 additive on
structure formation and properties of autoclaved aerated
concrete. Mater Sci (Med iagotyra) 2010;16(3):257–63.
3. Korzhenko A., Havel M., Gaillard P., Yakovlev G.I.,
Pervuchin G.N., Oreshkin D.V. Procede D’introduction
de nanocharges carbonees dans un inorganique durcissable.
Patent № 2 969 143. C 04 B 16/12 (2012.01), C 04 B
28/00. Bulletin 12/25 pub. 22.06.12.
4. Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N., Korzhenko A., Buryanov
A.F., Kerenem Ya. Maeva I.S., Khazeev D.R., Pudov
I.A., Senkov S.A. Applying multi-walled carbon nanotubes
dispersion for producing silicate autoclaved aerated
concrete. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No 2. Pp. 25–29.
5. Grigory Yakovlev, Grigory Pervushin, Irina Maeva,
Jadvyga Keriene, Igor Pudov, Arina Shaybadullina,
Alexander Buryanov, Alexander Korzhenko, Sergey
Senkov. Modification of Construction Materials with
Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. 11th International
Conference on Modern Building Materials, Structures
and Techniques, MBMST 2013. Procedia Engineering
57 (2013). Pр. 407–413.
6. Pudov I.A. Nanomodification of Portland cement with
aqueous dispersions of carbon nanotubes. Diss. ... Candidate
of Technical Sciences. PhD. Kazan, 2013, 185 p.
, Doctor of Technical Sciences (firstname.lastname@example.org), A.I. POLITAEVA1, bachelor,
A.V. SHAIBADULLINA1, master, A.F. GORDINA1, master, T.A. ABALTUSOVA1, student;
G.D. FEDOROVA2, Candidates of Technical Sciences (email@example.com)
1 The M.T. Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7 Studencheskaya street, Izhevsk, 426069, Russian Federation);
2 The M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (58, Belinskogo street, Yakutsk, 677000, Russian Federation)
Stability of aqueous dispersions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes
It was investigated the stability of aqueous dispersions of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) using physico-chemical methods. It has been established that prolonged
dispersing carbon nanotubes Masterbatch CW 2-45 in high-speed rotary mixer occurs bundle on the dispersion of MWCNTs and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC).If you delete a
CMC from the surface of MWCNTs occurs re-coagulation nanotubes, which reduces the efficiency of dispersion in the modification of building materials and decreases their
resistance in time.
Keywords: multi-walled carbon nanotubes, suspension, microstructure, IR spectral analysis, dispergation
1. Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N., Korzhenko A.,
Bur’yanov A.F., Kerene Ya., Maeva I.S., Khazeev D.R.,
Pudov I.A., Sen’kov S.A. Applying multi-walled carbon
nanotubes dispersions in producing autoclaved silicate
cellular concrete. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2013. No. 2. Pp. 25–30 (in Russian).
2. Maeva I.S., Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N., Bur’yanov
A.F., Korzhenko A., Machyulaitis R. Modification
of Anhydrite Compositions with Multilayer Carbon
Nanotubes. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2010. No. 7. Рp. 25–27 (in Russian).
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O.V. Hydrodynamical method of dispergating multiwalled
carbon nanotubes while modifying mineral binders.
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A.F., Pustovgar A.P. Structuring anhydrate matrix with
nano dispersed modifying additives. Stroitel’nye materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 6. Рp. 4–5 (in
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aktivnye veshchestva i polimery v vodnykh rastvorakh
[Surfacants and polymers in aqueous solutions].
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I.A. STAROVOYTOVA1, Candidate of Technical Sciences (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.G. KHOZIN1, Doctor of Technical Sciences,
A.A. KORZHENKO2, Candidate of Chemical Sciences, R.A. KHALIKOVA1, engineer, E.S. ZYKOVA1
1 The Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1 Zelenaya str., Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
2 Lacs Research center of “Arkema” Corporation (Lac, France)
Structure Formation in Organic-Inorganic Binders Modified
with Concentrates of Multi-Layer Carbon Nano-tubes
Results of the structural investigation of hybrid binders modified with carbon nano-tubes (CNT) are presented. The phase structure of liquid binders was studied by the method of optical
microscopy. The investigation of the phase structure of hardened composites and its elemental composition was conducted with the help of the scanning electron microscope. To study
the kinetics of reactions occurring, identification of organic compounds generating and conversion level of – NCO-groups the method of IR-spectroscopy was used. CNTs, introduced
into hybrid binders, concentrate on the inter-phase boundary that leads to the formation of a smaller quantity of polyurethane and consistent with the data of IR-spectroscopy.
Introduction of CNTs into the composition of binders favors the intensification of hardening processes and leads to the formation of the more homogenous and fine dispersed phase
structure of emulsions and hardened composites.
Keywords: organic-inorganic hybrid binders, modification, carbon nano-tubes, structure, microscopy, IR-spectroscopy.
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properties of epoxy polymers by small additives funktsionalizirovannykh
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carbon nanotubes by production of a silicate gas
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[Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 2. Рp. 25–29 (in
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J. EBERHARDSTEINER, Dr. Professor (email@example.com), O. LAHAYNE, Dipl.-Phys. Dr. techn., (Olaf.Lahayne@tuwien.ac.at)
Institute for Mechanics of Materials and Structures, Vienna University of Technology (13 Karlplatz, Vienna, 1040, Austria)
Nano-Tests on Concrete Samples with and without Nanotubes
1. Yakovlev G., Pervushin G., Maeva I., Keriene Ja., Pudov I., Shaybadullina A., Buryanov A., Korzhenko A., Senkov S.
Modification of Construction Materials with Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. 11th International Conference on Modern
Building Materials, Structures and Techniques, MBMST 2013. Procedia Engineering 57 (2013) 407–413.
2. Saez de Ibarra Y., Gaitero J.J., Erkizia E., Campillo I. Atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation of cement pastes
with nanotube dispersions. Physica Status Solidi (a) 203, (2006). Pp. 1076–1081.
3. Vandamme M., Ulm F.-J. Nanoindentation investigation of creep properties of calcium silicate hydrates. Cement and
Concrete Research. 52 (2013). Pp. 38–52.
G.N. ALEKSANDROV, Master’s Degree Student, G.D. FEDOROVA, Candidate of Technical Sciences
The M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (58, Belinskogo street, Yakutsk, 677000, Russian Federation)
Microscopic research of multiwalled carbon nanotubes dispersion1
Results of multiwalled carbon nanotubes dispersion research (further MCNT) with use as surfactant of the multifunctional modifier PFM-NLK concrete are given. Two-dimensional and
three-dimensional images of carbon multiwalled nanotubes in dispersion by means of nuclear and power and scanning electronic microscopes are received.
Keywords: multiwalled carbon nanotubes, dispersion, surfactant, ultrasound, microscopy scanning, probe
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A.S. INOZEMTCEV, Candidate of Technical Sciences (InozemcevAS@mgsu.ru),
E.V. KOROLEV, Doctor of Technical Sciences, director, research and educational center «Nanotechnology»
The Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Structuring and properties of the structural high-strength lightweight concretes with nanomodifier BisNanoActivus1
Paper presents the result of research of influence complex nanoscale modifier BisNanoActivus to structuring process in volume of high-strength lightweight concrete and at the cement
stone and filler contact faces. Research have showed that application of nanotechnology allows to control the processes of structuring the interface «cement stone – hollow microsphere
» due to nanomodification of surface of hollow filler with «BisNanoActivus». Complex nanoscale modifier has activity to cement and products of hydration and it has strengthens
boundary that increase the physic and mechanical characteristics of developed high-strength lightweight concretes. Research of operational properties shows that developed preparation
technology of high-strength lightweight concretes allows to get material with increased characteristics. Analysis of technical and economical efficiency by generalized criterion of quality
shows that the using of nanomodification technology for lightweight concrete increases the criterion of technical and economical efficiency.
Keywords: high-strength lightweight concrete, structural lightweight concrete, nanoscale modifier, nanotechnology.
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I.V. ZHERNOVSKY, Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, M.S. OSADCHAYA, engineer,
A.V. CHEREVATOVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences, V.V. STROKOVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences,
The V.G. Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University (46 Kostyukova str., Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation)
Aluminum-Silicate Nano-Structured Binder on the Basis of Granite Raw Materials
The possibility of producing aluminum-silicate nano-structured binders of geo-polymerization hardening on the basis of felsic intrusive rocks is considered. It is established that in the
course of mechano-chemical activation of aluminum-silicate raw materials in the aqueous medium the formation of initial reaction components for generating geo-polymeric binders
without external alkaline activation takes place.
Keywords: mechanical activation, granite screening dust, nano-structured binder, aluminum-silicate gel, geo-polymerization, nano-size zeolitization
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V.B. PETROPAVLOVSKAYA1, Candidate of Technical Sciences; A.F. BURYANOV2, Doctor of Technical Sciences;
T.B. NOVICHENCOVA1, Candidate of Technical Sciences; G.I. YAKOVLEV3, Doctor of Technical Sciences
1 The Tver State Technical University (22 Af. Nikitin, Tver, 170026, Russian Federation)
2 The Moscow State University Of Civil Engineering (26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
3 The M.T. Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7 Studencheskaya street, Izhevsk, 426069, Russian Federation)
The modified gipsym materials of condensation solidification
The possibility of regulation of process of composition of by optimization of grain addition and replacement of part bonder by the high-dispersible mineral component was researched in
this operation. Effect of research of the marble addition on conductance and a solubility of disperse systems are given. The binary raw mixes from powders of a dihydrate of sulfate calcium
were prepared. Application of mineral addition allows to increase strength of crystallization structures on the basis of a dihydrate of sulfate of calcium. Also energy efficiency of
Keywords: sulfate calcium, high-dispersible mineral component, condensation hardening, composite materials, binary mix.
1. Belov V.V., Buryanov A.F., Jakovlev G.I., Fisher H.-B.,
Petropavlovskaya V.B., Maeva I.S., Novichenkova T.B.
Modification of structure and properties of structural composites
on the basis of sulfate calcium. Monograph., Edited
by А. Buryanov, M.: De Nova, 2012. 196 p. (in Russian).
2. Jakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N., Maeva I.S., Korzhenko
A., Buryanov A.F., Machjulajtis R. Modification of
anhydrite compositions by multilayer carbon nanotubes.
Stroitel`nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010.
No. 7. Pp. 25–27 (in Russian).
3. Buryanov A.F., Petropavlovskaya V.B., Novichenkova
T.B. Increase of energy efficiency of mineral bonder. Dry
structural blends. 2010. No. 1. Pp. 14–16 (in Russian).
4. Belov V.V., Petropavlovskaya V.B., Kedrova N.G. Role of
an additive of a microcalcite in disperse systems on the
basis of dehydrate. Vestnik Central regional office RAACN:
periodical scientific edition. 2010. Release 14. Vol. 2.
Pp. 3–9 (in Russian).
A.R.GAITOVA1, engineer, I.I. AHMADULINA1, engineer, T.V. PECHENKINA1, Сandidate of Technical Sciences,
A.N. PUDOVKIN2, Сandidate of Technical Sciences, I.V. NEDOSEKO1, Doctor of Technical Sciences
1 The Ufa State Petroleum Technical University (1, Kosmonavtov street, Ufa, 450062, Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
2 The Orenburg State University Kumertausky branch (3B, 2nd Lane Soviet, Kumertau, 453300, Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
Nanostructural aspects of hydration and hardening gypsum ang slag gypsum compositions on based plaster dihydrate
The mechanism of hardening of binary systems based on polyhydrate dehydrate and calcium sulfate. The conditions under which there is the possibility of establishing contacts between
particles crystallization of calcium sulfate dehydrate. Found that the formation of crystalline concretion between particles of gypsum dehydrate necessary distance is not more than three
dimensions of the molecules of calcium sulfate. Upon hydration of the combined system consisting of hemihydrates and calcium sulfate dehydrate, possibly significant increase in the
distance between the particles dehydrate gypsum to the size of tens and even hundreds of times higher than the intermolecular dimensions. Mechanism of structure combined systems
is fouling particles dehydrate gypsum crystals formed by the hydration of the original binder based on calcium sulfate hemihydrates. Analytical dependences describing the processes of
dissolution and the initial formation of new phases. The kinetics of the hydration process of these systems depending on the percentage of constituents. An explanation for their
increased strength and water resistance, as compared with coagulation plaster systems. The mechanism of structure formation and gypsum cement gypsum and slag compositions with
a high content of gypsum dehydrate in their composition. It is shown that the increased water resistance compositions gypsum and slag basis due to the formation of ettringite- threesulfat
hydrosulfoalyuminat form calcium in the early stages of hydration, as well as hydro calcium low and medium basicity in the later stages of hardening. Shows the compositions
and performance strength and water resistance vibro pressed samples of compositions based on plaster dehydrate. Using X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy the nanostructure
and chemical composition of samples hardened stone and gypsum and slag basis.
Keywords: nanostructure, hydration, hardening, dehydrate, hemihydrate, gypsum dehydrate, molding composition, crystallisation, dissolution, sulphate binder slag, calcium silicate, calcium
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Pattern formation and strength combined water binding
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Ahmadulina I.I., Shayakhmetov U.Sh. Pattern formation
and hardening pressurized compositions based on calcium
sulfate dihydrate. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2009. No. 6. Pp. 6–9 (in Russian).
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Fosfogipsovye otkhody khimicheskoi promyshlennosti v
proizvodstve stenovykh izdelii [Phosphogypsum waste chemical
industry in the production of wall products]. M.: Himiya.
2004. 173 p. (in Russian).
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T.V. Experience in the production and operation of
gypsum wall products. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2008. No. 3. Pp. 78–81 (in Russian).
A.V. KOROCHKIN, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Chief Engineer
OOO “TransProekt”, Department of Designing of Motor Roads (24 Sovetskaya str., Pervomaysky Community, Korolev, Moscow REG, 141070, Russian Federation)
Steadiness of Asphalt Concrete Layers of Rigid Road Pavement against Displacement
The issue of designing and methods of calculation of different variants of road pavements with simultaneous improvement of transport-operation qualities of the pavement under conditions
of real operation of the structure which at present are not enough studied is considered. Existing and prospective algorithms of the assessment of pavement resistance to displacement
are also analyzed. Parameters, characteristic of the object studied are presented; experimental studies are considered in details. The comparison of results with technical and
design solutions offered in normative documents are made. Conclusions about the ways of the further development of road pavement designing are formulated.
Keywords: cement concrete, asphalt concrete, durability, shear, calculation
1. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po proektirovaniju zhestkih
dorozhnyh odezhd [Methodical recommendations about
designrigid road clothes]. M.: Informavtodor. 2004 (in
2. GOST 9128–2009. Smesi asfal’tobetonnye dorozhnye,
ajerodromnye i asfal’tobeton [Mixes asphalt concrete road,
airfield and asphalt concrete]. M.: 2010 (in Russian).
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dorozhnyh odezhd [Assessment of durability of nonrigid road
clothes]. M.: Informavtodor. 2003 (in Russian).
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A.N. Rekomendacii po ustrojstvu zashhitnyh sloev iznosa po
membrannoj tehnologii na avtomobil’nyh dorogah s zhestkimi
dorozhnymi odezhdami [Recommendations about the
device of protective layers of wear about membrane technology
on highways with rigid road clothes]. Minsk: 1999 (in
5. Tehnicheskie rekomendacii po ustrojstvu i priemkev jekspluataciju
dorozhnyh pokrytij s uchetom trebovanij mezhdunarodnyh
standartov po rovnosti [Technical recommendations
about the device and acceptance for operation of
pavings taking into account requirements of the international
standards for flatness]. M. TR 134-03, 2003
M.A. VYSOTSKAYA1, Candidate of Technical Sciences, D.K. KUZNETSOV1, Candidate of Technical Sciences; D.E. BARABASH2, Doctor of Technical Sciences
1 The V.G. Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University (46 Kostyukova str., 308012 Belgorod, Russian Federation)
2 Air Force Military Educational and Scientific Center “Air Force Academy” (54a Starykh Bolshevikov str., Voronezh, 394064, Russian Federation)
Peculiarities of Structure Formation of Bitumen-Mineral Compositions with the Use of Porous Raw Materials
Criteria of selecting porous mineral powders for asphalt binders are proposed. Geometrical characteristics and topology of surfaces of mineral powders of different compositions are
considered. The decisive influence of the porosity of mineral powders on their structuring capacity in respect of bitumen is revealed. Physical-mechanical characteristics of asphalt binders
containing mineral powders of different compositions are defined. Interconnection of powder porosity and possibility of generation of adsorption-solvate shells on the boundary of
bitumen--porous is shown. The efficiency of using porous mineral powders with a high content of acid sites for generating dense structures of asphalt concretes is proved.
Keywords: porous powder, specific surface, acid sites, adsorption-solvate shells.
1. Sall M., Tkachenko G.A. Introduction of a porous component
in fine-grained road concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 2. Pp. 29–31 (in Russian).
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part of light asphalt concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2007. No. 9. Pp. 46–49 (in Russian).
3. Borisenko Ju.G., Soldatov A.A., Jashin S.O. The bituminous
and mineral compositions modified by high-disperse
eliminations of crushing of expanded clay.
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No. 1. Pp. 62–63 (in Russian).
4. Tanabe K. Tverdye kisloty i osnovanija [Firm acids and
bases]. M.: Mir. 1973. 183 p. (in Russian).
5. Zhelezko T.V., Zhelezko E.P. Structure and properties of
the asphalt knitting. Izvestija vuzov. Stroitel’stvo. 1997.
No. 3. Pp. 35–42 (in Russian).
6. Ryb’ev I.A. Asfal’tovye betony [Asphalt concrete].
M.: Vysshaja shkola. 1969. 399 p. (in Russian).
7. Rudenskij A.V., Galkin A.S. Research of deformation
properties of the asphalt knitting. Dorogi i mosty. 2008.
No. 20/2. Pp. 262–272 (in Russian).
8. Rudenskij A.V. Modern method of design of composition
of asphalt concrete on the asphalt knitting. Dorogi i mosty.
2009. No. 21/1. Pр. 201–207 (in Russian).
Yu.G. BORISENKO, Candidate of Technical Sciences, M.Ch. IONOV, Candidate of Economic Sciences, S.O. KAZARYAN, engineer, E.V. GORDIENKO, engineer,
The North-Caucasus Federal University (1 Pushkin str., Stavropol, 355028, Russian Federation)
Crushed Stone-Mastic Asphalt Concretes Modified with Highly Dispersed Siftings of Claydite and Perlite Crushing
Results of the experimental study of physical-and-mechanical properties of crushed stone-mastic asphalt concretes (CMSC) modified with stabilizing additives on the basis of highly
dispersed siftings of claydite and perlite crushing are presented. The possibility of modifying the mineral filler of CMSC with highly dispersed siftings of claydite crushing and, as a
result, the possibility to solve the problem of mix stabilization and mineral filler saving are shown. The combined analysis of the experimental data makes it possible to come to conclusion
about prospectiveness of using the zeolite and perlite powders as fillers for efficient asphalt binders.
Keywords: crushed stone-mastic asphalt concrete, stabilizing additive, siftings of claydite and perlite crushing, road pavement
1. Kiriukhin G.N., Smirnov E.A. Pokrytiia iz shchebenochnomastichnogo
asfal’tobetona [Coverings from stone-mastic
asphalt concretes]. M.: Elit. 2009. 176 p. (in Russian).
2. Kostin V.I. Shchebenochno-mastichnyi asfal’tobeton dlia
dorozhnykh pokrytii [Stone-mastic asphalt concretes for pavings].
N. Novgorod.: NNGASU. 2009. 66 p. (in Russian).
3. Danil’ian E.A., Asel’derov B.Sh., Pechenyi B.G.
Optimization of quality of asphalt concrete with discontinuous
granulometry of fillers. Stroitel’nye materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 1. Pp. 54–55 (in
4. Savel’ev A.N. Influence of injection of polymers into the
composition of a complex additive on properties of stonemastic
asphalt concretes. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2013. No. 10. Pp. 36–37 (in Russian).
5. Yadykina V.V., Kutsyna N.P. Application of fibrous
waste of the industry in production of stone-mastic asphalt
concretes. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2007. No. 5. Pp. 28–29 (in Russian).
6. Yadykina V.V., Gridchin A.M., Tobolenko S.S. A stabilizing
additive for crushed stone-mastic asphalt concrete
from industrial waste. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 8. Pp. 64–66 (in Russian).
7. Iliopolov S.K., Mardirosova I.V., Chernov S.A.,
Darmodekhin P.O. The modified stone-mastic asphalt
concrete mix dispersno-reinforcing additive of «FORTA».
Naukovedenie. 2012. No. 3. Pp. 1–9 (in Russian).
8. Aminov Sh.Kh., Strugovets I.B., Khannanova G.T.,
Nedovenko I.V., Babkov V.V. Use of a pyritic candle end
as a mineral filler in asphalt concrete. Stroitel’nye materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2007. No. 9. Pp. 42–43 (in
The Use of Arched Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Short-Span Structures in the Construction
of Earthfill Bridges and Available Reinforcement Options
V.V. BABKOV1, Doctor of Technical Sciences, R.Sh. DISTANOV1, Candidate of Technical Sciences, V.A. IVLEV2, Candidate of Technical Sciences,
I.B. STRUGOVETS3, Candidate of Technical Sciences, chief engineer; M.E. NESTERENKO4, design engineer
1 The Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (1 Kosmonavtov street, Ufa, Bashkortostan, 450062, Russian Federation)
2 MBU «Service of the Customer and Technical Supervision on Improvement of the City District the City of Ufa of the Republic of Bashkortostan»
(84 Ibragimov Boulevard, Ufa, Bashkortostan, 450006, Russian Federation)
3 OAO «Bashkiravtodor» (128a Kirov street, Ufa, Bashkortostan, 450078, Russian Federation)
4 Design and engineering firm «Moshe Pear» (Haifa, Israel)
A promising direction in the construction of small culverts are sediment -span arched bridges that allow to replace culverts and -span girder bridges, which have a set of advantages of
these structures and excluding their disadvantages. Improving the reliability and durability of structures arched bridges sediment can be achieved with the use of steel fiber reinforced
concrete structures having a high fatigue strength and impact resistance, high crack resistance, frost resistance, water resistance compared to standard concrete as a component of
concrete. One of the most effective ways to address the objectives of strengthening reinforced concrete, including steel fiber reinforced concrete structures, improve operational reliability
and durability is to strengthen the links of curved arches of bridges sediment carbon fibers.
Keywords: steel fiber reinforced concrete arch structures, crack, carbon fiber.
1. Babkov V.V., Strugovets I.B., Nedoseko I.V., Distanov
R.Sh. i dr. Steel fiber concrete construction in the
road building of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2006.
No. 3. Pp. 50–53 (in Russian).
2. Babkov V.V., Komokhov P.G., Aminov Sh.Kh., Nedoseko
I.V., Distanov R.Sh. i dr. Steel fiber concrete in the production
and application of structures filling arch bridges
and culverts on roads. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
materials]. 2008. No. 6. Pp. 64–67 (in Russian).
3. Babkov V.V., Nedoseko I.V., Aminov Sh.Kh., Distanov
R.Sh. i dr. Culverts and Sediment-span arch bridges
based steel fiber concrete in road construction. Beton i
zhelezobeton. 2009. No. 2. Pp. 4–6 (in Russian).
4. Babkov V.V., Nedoseko I.V., Ivlev V.A., Distanov R.Sh.,
Strugovets I.B. Fiberconcrete in manufacturing concrete
products (Part I). Mir dorog. 2011. No. 55.
Pp. 33–36 (in Russian).
5. Babkov V.V., Nedoseko I.V., Ivlev V.A., Distanov R.Sh.,
Strugovets I.B. Road sediment arched bridges based
steel fiber concrete (Part II). Mir dorog. 2011. No. 56.
Pp. 54–56 (in Russian).
Keywords: ferment stabilizer Dorzin, reduction of mineral binders and stone materials consumption, surfactants, increase of density.
A.A. STRUKOV1, General Director; A.V. KOCHETKOV2, Doctor of Technical Sciences, S.Yu. ANDRONOV3, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director
1 OOO «DorTekhInvest» (40 Khoroshevskoye Hwy, Moscow, 123007, Russian Federation)
2 The Perm National Research Polytechnic University (29 Komsomolsky Ave, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation)
3 The Volga Educational-Research Center «Volgodortrans» (77 Politekhnicheskaya str., Saratov, 410054, Russian Federation)
The Use of Ferment Stabilizer “Dorzin” in Road Construction
Issues of the use of the ferment stabilizer “Dorzin” in road construction is considered; it makes it possible to significantly reduce the use of mineral binders and stone materials. In the course
of construction of complicated objects this preparation can be effectively combined with other soil stabilizers. This organic product obtained by fermentation of sugar beet treacle is an ecologically
safe material which can be used within the wide range of weather and climatic conditions. It shows the positive qualities when strengthening especially finely dispersed soils containing
not less than 15–20 mass% of particles passing through the sieve of 0.13 mm. Effect of its use is based on the impact of components of the stabilizer on the active part of soil with
accounting of colloid and clay particles. The preparation is a strong catalyst and surfactant, it sharply reduces the quantity of firmly bound water in soil that ensures higher values of density
under equal conditions of compacting. Its use in designing road pavements makes it possible to reduce volumes of stone materials applied (crushed stone and sand) and mineral binders.
1. Stolyarov V.V., Zverkova E.E., Anikin Yu.M. Evaluation
of reliability of non-rigid pavements based on the general
laws of distribution of elastic moduli. Dorogi i mosty. 2013.
T. 1. No. 29. Pp. 153–176 (in Russian).
2. Kokodeeva N.E. Principles of Technical Regulation
When Designing the Road Pavement of Non-rigid Type
with the Use of Geomaterials (on the basis of the risk
theory). Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials].
2011. No. 1. Pp. 25–27 (in Russian).
3. Kochetkov A.V., Kokodeeva N.E., Rapoport P.B.,
Rapoport N.V., Shashkov I.G. State of modern methodological
support design and construction of pavements.
Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo
universiteta. Okhrana okruzhayushchei
sredy, transport, bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti. 2011.
No. 1. Pp. 65–74 (in Russian).
4. Kokodeeva N.E., Kochetkov A.V., Yankovskii L.V.,
Arzhanukhina S.P. Methodological framework for the
assessment of risk with regard to the requirements of technical
regulations. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov. 2012.
No. 6 (35). Pp. 130–138 (in Russian).
5. Kokodeeva N.E., Kochetkov A.V., Yankovskii L.V.
Methodical approaches implementing the principles of
technical regulation in the road sector. Vestnik Permskogo
natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta.
Okhrana okruzhayushchei sredy, transport, bezopasnost’
zhiznedeyatel’nosti. 2011. No. 1. Pp. 44–56 (in
6. Kokodeeva N.E., Talalai V.V., Kochetkov A.V.,
Yankovskii L.V., Arzhanukhina S.P. Methodological
framework for the assessment of technical risks in the
road sector. Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo
issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta.
Urbanistika. 2011. No. 3. Pp. 38–49 (in Russian).
7. Kokodeeva N.E. Methodological framework for the assessment
of technical risks. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo
Seriya: Tekhnicheskie nauki. 2012. No. 28. Pp. 126 (in
8. Kokodeeva N.E. Provision of Safety of Auto-Roads
Taking the Theory of Risk into Account. Stroitel’nye materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2009. No. 11. Pp. 80–81
9. Kokodeeva N.E., Stolyarov V.V. Tamozhennyi soyuz:
normativnoe obespechenie. Standarty i kachestvo. 2011.
No. 8. Pp. 22–27 (in Russian).
10. Vasil’ev Yu.E., Borisov Yu.V., Kokodeeva N.E., Karpeev S.V.
Technical regulation in the road sector. Vestnik Moskovskogo
avtomobil’nodorozhnogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta.
2011. No. 3. Pp. 103–108 (in Russian).
11. Kokodeeva N.E., Stolyarov V.V., Vasil’ev Yu.E.
Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie v dorozhnom khozyaistve
[Technical regulation in the road sector]. Saratov: Saratovskii
gos. tekhnicheskii un-t., 2011. 232 p. (in Russian).
12. Kokodeeva N.E., Stolyarov V.V. Technical Regulation –
yes! Standarty i kachestvo. 2011. No. 8. P. 17 (in Russian).
Enhancement of Efficiency of Using Mountain-Transport and Technological Equipment
of Non-Ferrous Metallurgy Enterprises on Wetted Sticky Materials
V.G. KUZNETSOV1, President, T.N. NOVIKOVA1, General Director, I.P. KUZNETSOV1, Commercial Director;
E.V. KOCHETOV2, Candidate of Technical Sciences
1 «As-Tik KP» OOO (16, Teterinskiy, Moscow, 109004, Russian Federation);
2 The Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26 Yaroslavskoye Hwy, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
The experience in operation of mining-transport and technological equipment at the enterprises confirms that when it works in humid sticky rocks and raw materials the performance of
equipment falls sharply and the number of unplanned downtime associated with the need to clean working surfaces from adhered masses increases. Domestic and foreign experience in
combating sticking acting under different mining-geological, mining-technical, temperature-climatic conditions shows that the most effective means to eliminate (reduce) the sticking is
polymer anti-adhering lining plates (PPFP) made of low, medium, high and over high-molecular polymers, such as «PPFP-Astika» (Russia), «Supralen» (Germany), «Tivar» (USA),
«Trelleborg» (Sweden) and others The accumulated positive experience of using PPFP-Astika at the enterprises of construction materials industry, ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy is
recommended for wide introduction at the enterprises of other mining and processing industries of Russia, CIS and Baltic countries.
Keywords: mining-transport and technological equipment, materials, sticking, polymer anti-adhering lining plate – Astiki.
1. Kuznetsov V.G., Novikova T.N., Kuznetsov I.P., Kochetov
E.V. i dr. Polimernye protivonalipaiushchie futerovochnye
plastiny-Astiki – effektivnoe reshenie problemy ustraneniia
nalipaniia uvlazhnennykh materialov na rabochie
poverkhnosti oborudovaniia [Polymeric antisticking futerovochny
plastiny-Astiki – an effective solution of the problem
of elimination of sticking of the humidified materials on
working surfaces of the equipment]. M.: OOO «Nadezhda
na Iartsevskoi». 2013. 79 p. (in Russian).
2. Kuznetsov V.G. Expansion of technological capabilities
of use of a gravitational rotor at working off of sticky rocks
// Ugol’. 1989. No. 6. Pp. 32–33 (in Russian).
3. Kuznetsov V.G., Il’chenko S.V. Oblitsovochnye listy iz
SVMPE protiv nalipaniia uvlazhnennogo materiala na
gorno-dobyvaiushchem i transportnom oborudovanii
[Facing sheets from SVMPE against sticking of the humidified
material on the mining and transport equipment].
Zarubezhnyi opyt. Promyshlennost’ stroitel’nykh
materialov Moskvy. 1992. No. 2. Pp. 31–33 (in Russian).
4. Eirikh V.M., Zhukov V.P., Mikhailov E.I., Kuznetsov V.G.
i dr. Experience of application of polymeric antisticking lining
plates at the mountain enterprises of the industry of
construction materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2006. No. 10. Pp. 87–88 (in Russian).
5. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P., Kopylov S.V. i dr. The
correct selection of polymeric polymeric antisticking lining
plates – pledge of effective operation of processing equipment.
Gornyi zhurnal. 2008. No. 4. Pp. 80–81 (in Russian).
6. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P. Increase of efficiency of
the equipment at production, delivery and processing of
cement raw materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2008. No. 12. Pp. 14 (in Russian).
7. Kuznetsov V.G., Novikova T.N., Kuznetsov I.P. Enhancement
of efficiency of the use of production equipment at
transportation and reloading of wetted iron-ore concentrate
and fluxed damp pellets. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2010. No. 1. Pp. 22–23 (in Russian).
8. Kuznetsov V.G., Novikova T.N., Kochetov E.V.,
Kuznetsov I.P. Increase of efficiency of use of the mining-
transport equipment of heavy mechanical engineering
during the work on the humidified sticky breeds.
Tiazheloe mashinostroenie. 2012. No. 4. Pp. 36–38
9. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P. Improvement of quality
of let-out finished goods. Standarty i kachestvo. 2012.
No. 8. Pp. 92–93 (in Russian).
10. Kuznetsov V.G., Kuznetsov I.P., Borodin A.A. i dr.
Factory Production of Bunkers Equipped with Efficient
Means of Struggle with Adhering of Materials – PPFPAstiki.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No. 5. Pp. 54–56 (in Russian).
11. Kuznetsov V.G., Kochetov E.V., Mordukhovich I.L.
Increase in technical productivity of walking draglines
due to reduction of sticking of soil in ladles. Ugol’. 1989.
No. 11. Pp. 31–32 (in Russian).
Theoretical bases of innovative technologies of construction ceramics
A.P. ZUBEKHIN, Doctor of Technical Sciences, N.D. YATSENKO, Candidate of Technical Sciences
The M.T. Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute)
(132 Prosveshcheniya Str., Novocherkassk, Rostov Region, 346428, Russian Federation)
The effect of iron-containing impurities in low-melt raw materials on physical-mechanical and decorative properties of ceramic construction materials is shown. Technological methods
of control over the formation of the phase composition of burnt ceramics are described. They are an optimal combination of temperature and a burning medium, introduction of carbonate
additives. The method of nuclear gamma-resonance spectroscopy (NGRS) makes it possible to determine qualitative and quantitative indicators both of independent iron-containing
phases and in the form of solid solutions and in the glass phase. Recommendations for manufacturing products with specified technical-operational properties are formulated.
Keywords: innovative technologies, wall ceramics, phase composition, low-temperature burning, reducing burning, colour, whiteness, reflection coefficient, nuclear gamma-resonance
1. Kotlyar V.D. Stenovaia keramika na osnove kremnistykh
opal–kristobalitovykhporod – opok [Wall ceramics on the
basis of siliceous disgraces-kristobalitovykh of breeds –
molding]. Rostov-on-Don: JSC «Rostizdat». 2011. 277 p.
2. Ashmarin G.D., Livada A.N. Expansion of a source of raw
materials – an important factor of development of branch
ceramic wall materials. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
materials]. 2008. No. 4. Pp. 22–24 (in Russian).
3. Vakalova T.V., Pogrebenkov V.M. Rational use of natural
and technogenic raw materials in ceramic technologies.
Stroitel’nyematerialy [Construction materials]. 2007. No. 4.
Pp. 58–61 (in Russian).
4. Zubekhin A.P., Yatsenko N.D., GolovanovaS.P.,
Deeva A.S. Soft porcelain on the basis of not enriched raw
materials with high estetiko-consumer properties.
Scientific researches of nanosystems and resource-saving
technologies in building industry [Nauchnye issledovaniia
nanosistem I resursosberegaiushchie tekhnologii v stroiindustrii:
Sbornik dokladov mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi
konferentsii]. Belgorod: BSTU. 2007. Ch. 2.:
Resursosberegaiushchie tekhnologii stroitel’nykh ikompozitsionnykh
materialov [Resource-saving technologies of construction
and composite materials]. Pp. 75–77 (in Russian).
5. Galperina M.K. Not enriched vollastonitovy breeds for
production of ceramic tiles. Steklo i keramika. 1987.
No. 10. Pp. 17–19 (in Russian).
6. Mukhopadhyay T.K., Prasad S.D., Dan T.K. Studyon
Improrument of Thermomechahical Properties of Red
Clay Wareswith Additionof Wollastonite. Research and
Industry. 1995. v. 40. No. 4. Pp. 306–310.
7. Brykov A.S. [Khimiia silikatnykh I kremnezem soderzhashcikh
viazhushchikh materialov]. Chemistry silicate
and silica containing the of knitting materials SPb: SPbSTU
(TU). 2011. 147 p. (in Russian).
8. Zubekhin A.P., Yatsenko N.D., Verevkin K.A. Ceramic
brick on the basis of various clays: phase structure and
properties. Stroitel’nyematerialy [Construction materials].
2010. No. 11. Pp. 47–49 (in Russian).
9. Zubekhin A.P., Yatsenko N.D., Verevk K.A. Influence of
oxidation-reduction conditions of roasting on phase composition
of oxides of iron and color ceramic brick.
Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction materials]. 2011.
No. 8. Pp. 8–11 (in Russian).
Use of dispersive screenings of mortar sands for obtaining foamglass-crystal materials*
O.V. KAZ’MINA1, Doctor of Technical Sciences, M.A. DUSHKINA1, engineer, V.I. VERESHCHAGIN1, Doctor of Technical Sciences,
S.N. WOLLAND2, Candidate of Technical Sciences
1 The Tomsk National Research Polytechnic University (30 Lenina Ave,. Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation)
2 Technical University (5 Karolinenplaz, 64289, Darmstadt, Germany)
It is established that the eliminations of construction sand with the content of SiO2 about 70 wt. % and particle size less than 60 μm are
suitable for the production of a foamglass-crystal
material on the basis of the low-temperature frit, which was synthesized at the temperature 900oC. The obtained foamglass-crystal material exceeds foamglass (by 3 times) and clayite
(by 1,5 times) by strength and is characterized by low value of water absorption (0,1%).
Keywords: foamglass-crystal material, eliminations of sand, strength, thermal insulation, glass frit.
1. Odabai-Fard V.V., Petrov I.V. Solution of environmental
problems in Germany at development of non-ore raw
materials deposition. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 9. Рp. 52–54 (in Russian).
2. Schmitz M., Röhling S., Dohrmann R. Waschschlamm
Ein vernachlässigtes heimisches Rohstoffpotenzial.
Gesteins Perspektiven. 2012. No. 8. Рр. 16–18.
3. Kaz’mina O.V., Vereshchagin V.I., Abiyaka A.N. Prospects
of using fine quartz sands in foam glass ceramic materials.
Steklo i keramika. 2008. No. 9. Рp. 28–30 (in Russian).
4. Kaz’mina O.V., Vereshchagin V.I., Abiyaka A.N., Popletneva
Yu.V. Estimation of glass viscosity and glass ceramic
compositions in temperature interval of their foaming.
Steklo i keramika. 2009. No. 7. Рp. 6–9 (in Russian).
5. Kaz’mina O.V., Vereshchagin V.I., Semukhin B.S., Abiyaka
A.N. Low-temperature synthesis of the quenched cullet
from the silica-based batch in production of foam materials.
Steklo i keramika. 2009. No. 10. Рp. 5–8 (in Russian).
6. Kaz’mina O.V., Vereshchagin V.I., Abiyaka A.N.
Widening of raw material basis for obtaining of foam crystalline
materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2009. No. 7. Рp. 54–56 (in Russian).
Deformability of Mineral Wool Slabs Under Long-Time Compression
I.Ya. GNIPP, Candidate of Technical Sciences, S.I. WAYTKUS, Candidate of Technical Sciences
The Gediminas Vilnius Technical University (28 Linkmyanu str., 08217 Vilnius, Lithuania)
Results of the study of creeping of mineral wool (MW) slabs under compressive stresses σс within the relative interval of 0,25σс/σ10%0,6 are presented. According to the experimental
data the field of linear creeping at σс/σ10%0,35 is established. The dependence of compliance Ic of mineral wool slabs at creeping on the value of compliance ε0/σс under compressing
stress σс=0,35σ10% is revealed. The change in compliance at creeping Ic during the time is accounted by the coefficient mi. The possibility of prognostic assessment of creeping
deformation of mineral wool slabs under the permanent compression stress of σс=0,35σ10% for advance of 10 years according to empiric dependences for Ic and mi is presented.
Keywords: mineral wool slabs, long time compression, creeping deformation, linear creeping field, porecasting.
1. EN 13162:2008 E. Thermal insulating products for building.
Factory made mineral wool (MW) products. Specification.
2. EN 1606:1996+AC:1997+A1:2006 E. Thermal insulating
products for building applications. Determination of compressive
creep. CEN, 2006 (GOST R EN 1606-2010. Izdelija
teploizoljacionnye, primenjaemye v stroitel’stve. Metod
opredelenija polzuchesti pri szhatii. P. 16).
3. Horvath J.S. Mathematical modelling of the stress-straintime
behaviour of geosynthetics using the Findley equation:
general theory and application to EPS–block geofoam.
Manhattan College Research report No. CE/GE–98–3.
New-York. USA. May 1998.
4. Gnip I.Y.; Vaitkus S. Kersulis V. Vejelis S. Analytical description
of the creep of expanded polystyrene (EPS) under long-term
compressive loading. Polymer Testing 30:2011. Pp. 493–500.
5. EN 13500:2004+AC:2006. Thermal insulation products for
builfing – Exstremal thermal insulationcomposite systems
(ETICS) based on mineral wool. Specification. CEN. 2006.
6. Kobelev V.N., Kovarskij L.M., Timofeev S.I. Raschet trehslojnyh
konstrukcij: Spravochnok [Calculation of three-layer designs].
M.: Mashinostroenie, 1984. 304 p. (in Russian).
7. Gnip IJ, Kersulis V., Vaitkus S., Vejelis S. Predicting the deformability
of mineral wool slabs under constant compressive
stress. Construction and Building Materials. 2009:23; 1928–1934.
8. Gnip I., Vaitkus S., Kersulis V., Vejelis S. Long-term prediction
of creep strains of mineral wool slabs under constant compressive
stress. Mech Time Depend Mater (2012)16:31-46.
DOI 10. 1007/s11043-011-9152.
9. EN 826:1996 E. Thermal insulating products for building applications.
Determination of compression behaviour. CEN, 1996.
10. Gnip I.Ja., Vajtkus S.I., Kershulis V.I., Vejalis S.A.
Deformativnost of polystyrene polyfoam at short-term compression.
Mehanika kompozitionnih materialov. 2007. T.43.
No. 5. Pp. 639–656 (in Russian).
11. Ajvazjan S.A. Statisticheskoe issledovanie zavisimostej.
Primenenie metodov korreljacionnogo i regressionnogo analizov
i obrabotka rezul’tatov jeksperimenta [Statistical research
of dependences. Application of methods of correlation and regression
analyses and processing of results of experiment].
M.: Metallurgija. 1968. 228 p. (in Russian).
12. StatSoft, Inc.(2010). Electronic Statistics Textbook. Tulsa,
OK: StatSoft. (Electronic Version) http://www.statsoft.
13. Bergonner S., Hild F., Rieunier J-B. Roux S. Strain heterogeneities
and local anisotropy in crimped glass wool. J.Mat
14. Chetyrkin E.M. Statisticheskie metody prognozirovanija [Statistical
methods of forecasting]. M.: Statistika. 1977. 200 p. (in Russian).
Context of Problem and Issues of Theory
E.M. CHERNYSHOV, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Academician of RAACS; G.S. SLAVCHEVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences
The Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (84 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation)
Control over Operational Deformability and Crack Resistance of Macro-porous (Cellular) Concretes:
The scientific generalization of the problem of operational moist and carbonizing deformation of macro-porous silicate and cement concretes is presented. The mechanism of moist
deformations is considered through the change of stress condition of the material as a result of action of binding forces of its hard phase and the porous space with water. The introduction
of the model of probable and actual deformation of structure of cellular concrete in the course of dehydration is substantiated. The mechanism of carbonizing deformations is
revealed within the frame of macro-kinetics of physical and chemical heterogeneous processes of interaction of the structure with air carbon dioxide. It is shown that the measure of
deformation and destruction of the material depends on the degree of carbonization and the value of its gradient on the size of the building structure. Structural factors of control over
the operational deformation of macro-porous (cellular) concrete are formulated; the system of prescribed–technological factors of their regulation is presented.
Keywords: cellular concretes, moist shrinkage, carbonizing shrinkage.
1. Rakhimbaev Sh.M., Degtev I.A., Tarasenko V.N.,
Anikanova T.V. To question of decrease in shrinkable
deformations of products from foam concrete. Izvestiia
vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Stroitel’stvo. 2007. No. 12.
Рp. 41–44 (in Russian).
2. Shakhova L.D., Samborskii S.A., Palalane Zh.A. Reasons
of deformation shrinkages of foam concrete . Stroitel’nye
materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 3. Pp. 84–86
3. Shinkevich E.S. Crack resistance and deformativnost
complex the activated limy and silicic composites.
Sovremennoe promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo,
2011. Vol. 7. No. 4. Pp. 205–213.
4. Sinitsa M.S., Sezeman G.V., Chesnauskas V. Influence
of moisture content of autoclave cellular concrete on its
operational properties. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2005. No. 12. Pp. 52–55 (in Russian).
5. Kurzanov A.D., Golubev V.A. Durability of autoclave
cellular concrete and ways of its increase. Master’s
Journal. 2013. No. 1. Pp. 183–191.
6. Pavlenko N.V., Cherevatova A.V., Strokova V.V.
Features of receiving rational steam structure of foam
concrete on the basis of the nanostructured knitting.
Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2009.
No. 10. Pp. 32–34 (in Russian).
7. Kuznetsova T.B., Frenkel’ D.Ia., Krivoborodov Iu.R.
Portlandtsement modifying for elimination of shrinkage
of concrete. Tsement i ego primenenie. 2007. No. 4.
Pp. 54–55 (in Russian).
8. Falikman V.R., Sorokin Iu.V., Vainer A.Ia., Bashlykov
N.F. Gidroksilsoderzhashchy organic expanding additives
for decrease in deformations of shrinkage of concrete.
Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials].
2005. No. 8. Pp. 9–12 (in Russian).
9. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V., Khimich A.O. Not autoclave
low-shrinkable cellular concrete for monolithic designs.
Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013.
No. 3. Pp. 21–22 (in Russian).
10. Chernyshov E.M., Slavcheva G.S. Moist state and regularities
of manifestation of constructional properties of
construction materials at operation. Academia.
Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2007. No. 4. Pp. 70–77
11. Chernyshov E.M., Slavcheva G.S. The physical and
chemical nature of interrelation of properties of construction materials with their moist state. Academia. Arkhitektura
i stroitel’stvo. 2008. No. 1. Pp. 87–92 (in Russian).
12. E. M. Chernyshov, V. V. Vlasov, E. I. Bautina.
Prognozirovanie polnogo i ostatochnogo resursov ograzhdaiushchikh
konstruktsii iz iacheistogo betona [Forecasting of
full and residual resources of protecting designs from cellular
concrete]. Rostov-na-Donu. 2007. 121 p. (in Russian).
13. Chernyshov E.M., Slavcheva G.S., Potamoshneva N.D.,
Makeev A.I. Poros concrete for heateffective houses.
Izvestiia vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Stroitel’stvo. 2002.
No. 5. Pp. 22–24 (in Russian).
14. Chernyshov E.M., Slavcheva G.S., Potamoshneva N.D.,
Makeev A.I. Poros concrete for heateffective houses
(part 2). Izvestiia vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Stroitel’stvo.
2003. No. 9. Pp. 32–38 (in Russian).
15. Slavcheva G.S., Novikov M.V., Chernyshov E.M.
Assessment the deformativnykh of properties the
porizovannykh of concrete at long action of loading.
Izvestiia Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta.
Seriia: Stroitel’stvo i transport. 2007. No. 3–15.
Pp. 136–141 (in Russian).
16. Slavcheva G.S. Operational deformability and hygrometric
characteristics cement porizovannykh of concrete as
function of their structure. Nauchnyi vestnik Voronezhskogo
gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta.
Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura. 2008. No. 1. P. 79 (in Russian).
17. Chernyshov E.M., Fedin A.A., Potamoshneva N.D.,
Kukhtin Iu.A. Silicate: modern flexible technology of a
material and products. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2007. No. 4. Pp. 4–10 (in Russian).
Deformation Properties of Fine-Grained Concrete
E.S. GLAGOLEV, Candidate of Technical Sciences, R.V. LESOVIK, Doctor of Technical Sciences,
S.V. KLYUEV, Candidate of Technical Science, V.A. BOGUSEVICH, Enginer
The V.G. Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University (46 Kostyukova str., Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation)
Issues of determining deformation properties of fine concrete are considered. Creep and shrinkage deformations are experimentally defined. The object of the study is high-strength fine
concrete with a binder of low water requirement (VNV-80) with the use of high-density packing of a filler. It is shown that the change in creep and shrinkage deformations depending on
the composition of components of fine concrete after 180 days of testing considerably differs depending on compositions of concrete. High-strength fine concrete produced by means
of optimization of a concrete mix due to the use of a composite binder and high-density packing of a filler from dust of quartz sandstone crushing enriched with quartz sand is accompanied
by reducing the creep deformation comparing with traditional fine-grained concrete without dense packing of the filler by 43.5% and approaches the value of concrete with largesize
filler and equals to 38.4610-5.
Keywords: high-strength concrete, shrinkage, creep.
1. Lesovik R.V. Technogenic sand in road construction.
Stroitel'nye materialy [Сonstruction materials]. 2009.
No. 12. Pp. 34–35 (in Russian).
2. Lesovik V.S., Alfimova N.I., Jakovlev E.A., Shejchenko
M.S. To a problem of increase of efficiency of the
composite knitting. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudartvennogo
tehnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shuhova.
2009. No. 1. Pp. 30–33 (in Russian).
3. Kljuev A.V., Rakitchenko K.S. The KMA technogenic
sand as effective filler for fine-grained фибробетонов.
Belgorodskaja oblast' proshloe, nastojashhee i budushhee:
materialy nauchn.-prakt. konf. Belgorod: Izd-vo BGTU,
2012. Ch. 1. Pp. 400–403 (in Russian).
4. Kljuev A.V., Lesovik R.V. Technogenic sand as raw materials
for production fibrous concrete. Innovacionnye materialy
tehnologii; sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoprakticheskoj
konferencii: Belgorod, 11–12 oktjabrja 2011 g.
Belgorod: BGTU, 2011. Ch. 3. Pp. 283–285 (in Russian).
5. Lesovik V.S. Povyshenie jeffektivnosti proizvodstva stroitel'nyh
materialov s uchetom genezisa gornyh porod [Increase of production
efficiency of construction materials taking into account
genesis of rocks]. M.: ASV, 2006. 524 p. (in Russian).
6. Urhanova L.A., Efremenko A.S. Concrete of Improved
Strength on the Basis of a Composite Binder. Stroitel'nye
materialy [Сonstruction materials]. 2012. No. 1. Pp. 32–34.
Peculiarities of Hydration Process of a Modified Mixed Binder for Fiber-Cement Slabs
R.Kh. MUKHAMETRAKHIMOV, Candidate of Technical Sciences, V.S. IZOTOV, Doctor of Technical Sciences,
The Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering ( 1 Zelenaya str., Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Peculiarities of the hydration process of the modified mixed binder for fiber-cement slabs with the use of methods of differential-thermic, X-ray phase analyses, IR-spectroscopy and
raster scanning electronic microscopy are considered. It is established that in the samples of the fiber-cement matrix on the basis of modified mixed binder the deeper hydration of the
silicate phase, in the main, takes place, more dense and fine-crystalline structure mainly presented by low basic hydro-silicates of calcium is formed and this fact causes the formation
of more dense and homogenous structure with higher indices of physical-mechanical properties and durability.
Keywords: mixed binder, fiber-cement, hydration.
1. Gamalii E.A., Trofimov B.Ia., L.Ia. Kramar. Structure
and properties of a cement stone with additives of
mikrosilika and polikarboksilatny plasticizer // Vestnik
Iuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Stroitel'stvo
i arkhitektura. 2009. No. 16. Pp. 29–35 (in Russian).
2. Liuk k., Liakhovski E.E. The changes which are occurring
with mineral additives in cement stone for twentyyear
period // Tsement i ego primenenie. 2011. No. 1.
Pp. 116–123 (in Russian).
3. Batrakov V.G. Povyshenie dolgovechnosti betona dobavkami
kremniiorganicheskikh polimerov [Increase of durability of
Concretes Modified by Silicoorganic Compounds]. M.: Izd.
Stroiizdat. 1968. 135 p. (in Russian).
4. Batrakov V.G. Modifitsirovannye betony [Modified
Concretes]. M.: Stroiizdat. 1998. 768 p. (in Russian).
5. Batrakov V.G. Povyshenie dolgovechnosti betona
dobavkami kremniiorganicheskikh polimerov. [Increase of
durability of Concretes Modified by Silicoorganic
Compounds]. M.: Kniga po Trebovaniiu. 2013. 69 p. (in
6. Batrakov V., Kaprielov S. Durability of Concretes
Modified by Silicoorganic Compounds // CANMET/ACI
Int.Sump. on Advances in Concr. Technology. LasVegas
June 11–14, 1995. Supplementary papers. Pp. 609–624.
7. Mukhametrakhimov R.Kh., Izotov V.S. Research of
influence of Silicoorganic additives on properties of
fibrocement plates // Izvestiia KGASU. 2011. No. 4 (18).
Pp. 254–259 (In Russian).
8. Mukhametrakhimov R.Kh., Izotov V.S. Improvement of
physicomechanical properties and durability fibrotcement
plates on the cellulose fibers base // Izvestiia vuzov.
Stroitel'stvo. 2012. No. 9 (677). Pp. 101–107 (In Russian).