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Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №11

Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №11
November, 2018

Table of contents

D.E. RAZVODOVSKY, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (79165206707@yandex.ru), S.O. SHULYATIEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (shulyatevs@yandex.ru), L.R. STAVNITSER, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) Research Institute of Bases and Underground Structures (NIIOSP) named after N.M. Gersevanov, JSC Research Center of Construction (6, 2nd Institutskaya Street, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)

The Use of BIM in Geotechnics BIM design is a quite fashionable tool in construction design. Developers of programs implementing the information modeling predict a complete rejection of the traditional design method in the nearest future. Despite the high efficiency of information modeling, when developing the architectural solutions and linking with related areas, BIM in geotechnics is currently quite poorly developed. The article considers the prospects of application of information simulation in geotechnical construction at the stage of design, construction and operation. The attention is focused on the need for expert assessments in geotechnical practice, the composition of geotechnical data of the BIM model, the use of information modeling when conducting geotechnical works and geotechnical monitoring. The main difficulties and problems to be solved, as well as possible mechanisms for the formation of BIM models at all stages of geotechnical works are described. In conclusion, the authors call on geo-technicians to be more actively involved in the creation of the basis for information design for the possibility of standardization of formats of information presentation on the geological structure of the site, data on quality control in the process of construction of geotechnical structures and monitoring.

Keywords: information simulation, BIM-model, geotechnics, monitoring, conduction of works, bases and foundations, innovations.

For citation: Razvodovsky D.E., Shulyatiev S.O., Stavnitser L.R. The use of BIM in geotechnics. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 11, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).

Список литературы / References
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A.R. KRYUKOV, Candidate of Architecture (teod.amadey@yandex.ru) JSC “Center of the Regulation and Standardization Methodology in Construction” (JSC “CNS”) (63, Leningradsky Prospekt, Moscow, 125057, Russian Federation)

On the Planned Development of Codes of Rules The subject of the article is devoted to the analysis of the legislative and regulatory framework of the construction industry regarding the development of standardization documents – codes of rules. The codes of rules contain mandatory requirements for ensuring legislation and technical regulations on safety, and recommendatory requirements for providing a required level of user-friendliness in the shortest, most accurate and most accessible form for all the subjects of town-planning relations and the persons concerned. It is advisable to plan the development of codes of rules, carried out with regard to the relevance justified by scientific research. The principles and proposals for the planned development of codes of rules for the design of capital construction projects are presented, the analysis and synthesis of the provisions of the existing guiding documents in this area are also presented, an example of grouping sets of rules for inclusion in the plan of their development on the criteria of ensuring the safety of activities for integrated and sustainable development of territories is given.

Keywords: codes of rules, objects of capital construction, providing safety, operation, demolition, development of regulatory documents.

For citation: Kryukov A.R. On the planned development of codes of rules. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 11, pp. 9–13. (In Russian).

References
1. Blinov V.P. Rationing in construction: standard or set of rules? Standarty i kachestvo. 2016. No. 8, pp. 22–25. (In Russian).
2. Zhukov A.I. Technical legislation and institutions rules – building codes, Federal rules, regulations and other requirements. Mir sovremennoj nauki. 2017. No. 4 (44), pp. 49–57. (In Russian).
3. Komarov Yu.T. Sod rules. What is it? Housing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2008. No. 1, pp. 8–11. (In Russian).
4. Kryukov A.R. On the unity of the rules of establishment of spatial-planning indicators of the capital construction ob jects. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 11, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
5. Panova A.S. Codes of rules and standards of organizations as a means of legal quality assurance of goods. Tekhnich eskoe regulirovanie. Biznes. Menedzhment. Pravo. 2014. No. 2 (30), pp. 115–120. (In Russian).
6. Sokolov S.N. Problems of modern system of normative and technical documentation in construction. Standarty i kachestvo. 2017. No. 5, pp. 10–14. (In Russian).
7. Sokolov S.N. Сodes of practice and national standards sys tem (part 1). Standarty i kachestvo. 2009. No. 6, pp. 24–27. (In Russian).
8. Sokolov S.N. Сodes of practice and national standards sys tem (part 2). Standarty i kachestvo. 2009. No. 7, pp. 38–41. (In Russian).
Insulation of Socle and First Floors by Effective Thermal Insulation PENOPLEX ® – the Best Choice for the Facade System (Information) . . . . . 14
O.S. GLOZMAN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (7457915@gmail.com) TSNIIP of RF Minstroy (29, Vernadskogo Avenue, Moscow, 119331, Russian Federation)

Issues of Development of Passenger Transport in Cities of Russia Planning of modernization of the transport system of the city or territory is based on the ratio of traffic flows and carrying capacity of transport modes. The task of the transport-urban planner is to predict traffic flows and the selection of the optimal mode of transport that can carry the required number of passengers. Traffic flows are formed by people living in the city, therefore, the population of the city directly affects the choice of transport. The transport strategy of the Russian Federation until 2030 envisages the development of light rail transport (LRT) as a priority direction for the development of the transport system in large and largest cities. On the basis of the analysis of the transport system of Saratov, it was determined that tram traffic is promising for the development of public transport. The tram network in Saratov, for the most part is on dedicated lines. The draft Master plan of Saratov provides for the construction and modernization of the network of light rail transport. The main conclusions of this study are based on theoretical knowledge about the transport systems of cities and the author’s experience gained when developing the Master plan of the city of Saratov.

Keywords: urban transport, passenger transport, development of transport systems, mobility of population, mobility.

The study was conducted within the research of the Ministry of Construction and Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation. The work «Formation of the basic strategic directions of development of transport infrastructure of Russian cities» is carried out in the Federal State Budgetary Institution «Central Research and Design Institute of the Ministry of Construction and Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation” (FSBI «TSNIIP of Minstroy of Russia»).

For citation: Glozman O.S. Issues of development of passenger transport in cities of Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 11, pp. 16–19. (In Russian).
Foundation Waterproofing with the Use of PLASTFOIL ® (Information) .. . . . . . 20
A.A. ARKHIPOVA, Architect (arkhipa@gmail.com), AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha» – institute for complex design of residential and public buildings» (AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha») (9/3, Dmitrovskoe Highway, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation)

Experience in Construction of Leisure Buildings for Young People Issues of the design of leisure activity centers for young people are actualized. Taking into account the diversity and specificity of present hobbies of the young generation, the necessity to design complexes for thematic recreation of young people is noted. The existing experience in designing analogues buildings in Russia and abroad is considered. It is shown that the youth centers should be designed with due regard for modern trends in interests of the young generation, new types of sport, directions of musical and intellectual development of a person. Issues of the functional-planning organization of leisure centers are considered. The analysis of designs of youth centers concerning architectural-planning, functional, and volume-spatial parameters is made. The necessity to train architects specializing in designing modern complexes for leisure of young people is noted.

Keywords: architectural design, functional-planning organization of building, thematic recreation of young people, leisure, architecture, non-learning activity, multi-formate buildings.

For citation: Arkhipova A.A. Experience in construction of leisure buildings for young people. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 11, pp. 22–28. (In Russian).
V.N. FILIPPOV, Candidate of Architecture (vfilippov58@gmail.com), D.Y. KISELNIKOVA, Post-graduate student (kiselnikova.darya@yandex.ru) Novosibirsk State University of Architecture, Design and Arts (38, Krasny Avenue, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russian Federation)

Limit Parameters for Development of Residential Areas. To the Issue of Improvement of Rules of Land Use and Development of Novosibirsk The article considers the problem of improving the system of local town planning regulation. In the early 2010s, in Novosibirsk and other major Russian cities, the increased demand for affordable housing stimulated the mass construction of residential buildings with small apartment-studios with a total area of less than 30 m2. Such houses are often located at a considerable distance from the central part of the city, which led to negative socio-economic consequences for the development of the periphery and the city as a whole. To prevent these problems, an additional parameter of development for residential areas was introduced in the Rules of land use and development of Novosibirsk in 2017 – «the maximum number of apartments on the land plot». This decision was aimed at combating the trends of mass construction of «house-anthills» in areas with poor developed infrastructure. The experience in introducing additional development parameters in Novosibirsk can become an example for further improving the system of town regulation and is applicable for other large Russian cities faced with the same problems.

Keywords: housing construction, town-planning regulations, urban development, rules of land use and development, parameters of development.

For citation: Filippov V.N., Kiselnikova D.Y. Limit parameters for development of residential areas. To the issue of improvement of rules of land use and devel- opment of Novosibirsk. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 11, pp. 29–32. (In Russian).
rsburg Mining University (2, 21-st line, St Petersburg, 190000, Russian Federation)

Estimation of Constructive Parameters of a Gerontological Sustainable Dwelling The article is devoted to the analysis of structural solutions of mass types of residential sections. The main attention is paid to the definition of the most suitable design schemes, in which the condition of compliance with the durability of the bearing properties of the structural frame of a typical residential section and the possibility of variant layout of apartments is best observed. The variability of apartment planning is connected with the change in family needs during the whole period of its existence. Consequently, the life cycles of the family group should be taken into account when determining the spatial parameters and schemes of the structural framework of a residential building. Socio-demographic factors are decisive and are considered in terms of providing the population with basic types of apartments. Material and technical factors in this work are estimated from the point of view of satisfaction of social needs of the population in possibility of inclusion in structure of the house of a full typological number of apartments due to the application of optimum constructive schemes of multi-storey residential sections. The effectiveness of the design of a residential section depends on the possibility to adapt the main types of apartments to the changing functional requirements of the family, that is, compliance with the basic principles of engineering and construction gerontology. Engineering and construction gerontology takes into account the changing age of people requirements for the most significant engineering and construction parameters of specific types of buildings, their internal spaces, communication routes.

Keywords: bearing frame, residential building, project parameters, consumer properties, planning of apartments.

For citation: Krundyshev B.L. Estimation of constructive parameters of a gerontological sustainable dwelling. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 11, pp. 33–40. (In Russian

References
1. Kiyanenko K.V. A guide to social sciences in the archives of textures and environs. Arkhitekturnyi vestnik. 2009. No. 3, pp. 62–66. (In Russian).
2. Krundyshev B.L. Predproektnyi analiz. Arkhitektura gerontologicheskikh zhilykh kompleksov [Pre-project analysis. Architecture of gerontological residential complexes]. Saint Peterburg: Nestor-History, 2018. 184 p.
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A.V. MASLYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (victor3705@mail.ru) Scientific-Research Seismic Laboratory (27, bldg. A, Zemlyachki Street, Volgograd, 400117, Russian Federation)

Substantiation of a Matrix Model of Execution in RF Federal Laws and Normative Documents of Construction Content In accordance with the provisions of the RF Federal laws and regulatory documents of construction content the most important specified criterion in terms of service time of buildings and constructions directly depends on the other specified criterion according to their level of these responsibilities. The article studies a matrix model of execution of basic provisions of Federal laws and normative document of construction content. Thus, the analysis shows that in main provisions of the RF Federal laws and normative documents of construction content it is established that only high-rise residential and public buildings are with the increased level of responsibility. GOST 27751–2014 “Reliability of building structures and bases. Main provisions” determines that most residential and public buildings in settlements of Russia should be constructed with the service time of 50 years and more. Thus, in the basic provisions of the RF Federal laws and regulations of construction content there is no normative right of regional specialists to make independent decisions, for example, with regard to the level of responsibility for most of the residential and public buildings in settlements. In order to increase the service life for the majority of residential and public buildings in the territories of settlements, Federal laws and regulations of the Russian Federation should provide only a matrix model of execution, in which vertical and horizontal connections (solutions) between different specialists are strictly obligatory.

Keywords: model of execution, dangerous impacts, buildings, protection of human life and health, earthquake, flood, seismic hazard.

For citation: Maslyaev A.V. Substantiation of a matrix model of execution in RF Federal laws and normative documents of construction content. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 11, pp. 41–47. (In Russian).
References
1. Maslyaev A.V. Seismoprotection of the city at an earthquake depending on a level of responsibility of residential buildings. Vestnik VolgGASU. Stroitel’stvo I Arhitektura. 2013. No. 33 (52), pp. 57–62. (In Russian).
2. Maslyaev A.V. Analysis of the paradigm of CP 14.13330. 2014 on providing the earthaquake protection of buildings of increased liability at earthaquake. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 8, pp. 51–55. (In Russian).
3. Maslyaev A.V. Protection of Russian settlements against effect of dangerous natural phenovena. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 4, pp. 40–43. (In Russian).
4. Maslyaev A.V. Analysis of Provisions of the RF Federal Laws and normative documents concerning the use of the rf maps of seismic hazards (OSR-2015) in construction. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. № 8, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).
5. Maslyaev A.V. Short live of residential buildings in settlements of Russia. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 30–42. (In Russian).
6. Maslyaev A.V. Analysis of the compliance of rf federal laws and normative documents of building content with requirements of the RF constitution. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 11, pp. 38–43. (In Russian).
7. Maslyaev A.V. Seismic protection of settlements In Russia with due regard for “unpredictability of the next dangerous natural phenomenon”. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 11, pp. 43–47. (In Russian).
8. Maslyaev A.V. Influence of the spaceplanning decision of the building on the reaction of people during an earthquake.Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 1991. No. 10, pp. 9–10. (In Russian).
9. Maslyaev A.V. Time between the first pushes of earthquake to Haiti it was defined in advance. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2010. No. 2, pp. 26–27. (In Russian).
10. Maslyaev A.V. Account of buildings and structures for preservation of life and health of the people an earthquake. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2009. No. 8, pp. 33–35. (In Russian).
11. Maslyaev A.V. Construction system of Russia does not protect the lifes and health of people in settlements during the earthquake. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 9, pp. 60–63. (In Russian).
12. Maslyaev A.V. Seismoprotection of buildings with a large number of people at an earthquake according to requirements of Federal laws of the Russian Federation. Vestnik VolgGASU. Stroitel’stvo I Arhitektura. 2013. No. 34 (53), pp. 30–36. (In Russian).
13. Maslyaev A.V. Vibration impact of structures of buildings on people in case of an earthquake. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2007. No. 12, pp. 23–24. (In Russian).
14. Maslyaev A.V. Seismic stability of buildings taking into account repeated pushes at earthquake. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2007. No. 10, pp. 20–21. (In Russian).
15. Maslyaev A.V. Inadequacy of the RF Federal Laws and normative documents in the absence of a list of “objects of protection” under dangerous natural and anthropogenis effects. Zhilischnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 44–48. (In Russian).
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