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Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №3

Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №3
March, 2018

Table of contents

S.V. NIKOLAEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (nauka@ingil.ru) AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha – institute for complex design of residential and public buildings» (AO «TSNIIEP zhilishcha») (9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Highway, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Renovation of Housing Stock of the Country on the Basis of Large-Panel Housing Construction It is shown that the existing designs of large-panel houses practically don’t meet the new standards of comfort in the light of the realization of a large-scale program of housing stock renovation. The most important indicator determining the housing comfort, according to the international practice, is availability of a common room over 30 m2 in the flat (in developed countries of Europe and America it can reach 100 m2), as well as bedrooms in an amount equal to the number of family members. Various options of development of the urban square are analyzed and it is concluded that the residential quarter, “carpet”, development of average height of 5–7 stories is the most efficient from the point of view of development density, ergonomic and video-ecology. The architectural and town-planning system of panel-frame houses developed by TSNIIEP zhilishcha makes it possible to provide the high speed of construction, relatively low cost, high quality of housing and its further variability for operation life up to 100 years. For wide introduction of this system there is a high-tech base of industrial housing construction. The transition to the construction of standard housing of mid-rise quarter development according to the frame-panel housing construction technology opens the perspective for the construction of comfortable housing of a new generation oriented to the creation of a humanistic society.

Keywords: housing construction, renovation, large-panel house construction, integrated house-building factory, housing development by blocks of houses, development density, standard housing, resettlement of citizens.

For citation: Nikolaev S.V. Renovation of housing stock of the country on the basis of large-panel housing construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 3, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).

References
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7. Nikolaev S.V., Shrejber А.K., Etenko V.P. panel and frame house building is a new stage of large-panel construction development. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
8. Goroda dlya lyudei / Yan Geil Per. s angl [Cities for people. Jan Gale. Trans. from English]. Moscow: Al’pina Pablisher. 2012. 276 p.
История панельного домостроения – это история появления массового жилья в России. Несмотря на то что на заре ин- дустриальной застройки не стояла отдельная цель гармонизировать облик всего города, при помощи индустриального жилья возводился город будущего, где каждая семья обеспечена отдельной жилплощадью с собственным санузлом и кухней. Панельный дом, пришедший на смену переходному «обдирному», лишенному украшений сталинскому дому, стал самодостаточным решением, внес порядок и аккуратность в хаотичную застройку жилых районов и превратился в своеобразный символ своего времени
Отечественная разработка – экспертная систе ма Allcheck – создана в Allbau Software для выпол нения анализа информационных моделей зданий архитектурных и инженерных проектов на предмет возникновения коллизий, качества проектных ре шений, а также уменьшения количества проектных ошибок, что в свою очередь снизит стоимость ре ализации проектов и повысит качество и точность моделирования.
G.A. SAVCHENKOVA, Director (abris@zgm.ru), T.A. ARTAMONOVA, Deputy Director for Research and Development LLC “Plant of Sealing Materials” (P.B. 97, bldg. 1058, Mendeleeva Street, Dzerzhinsk, 606008, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russian Federation)

Sealants of an Abris® Series for Frame-Panel Housing Construction

The main directions of energy saving in construction include strengthening of heat protection of buildings, exclusion of cold bridges, tightness of the building, the use of ecological and warm materials etc. For the protection of building structures at all stages of construction from the foundation to the roof, LLC “Plant of Sealing Materials” offers the most complete assortment of sealing materials of an Аbris® series recommended for application by AO “TsNIIEP zhilishcha” and AO “TSNII promzdany”.

Keywords: frame-panel housing construction, sealing from foundation to roof, sealants of Abris series, ecological materials, cold bridge.

For citation: Savchenkova G.A., Artamonova T.A. Sealants of an Abris® series for frame-panel housing construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 3, pp. 12–15. (In Russian).

References
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5. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
6. Artamonova T.A., Savchenkova G.A., Shashun’kina O.V. Sealing materials series Abris® to protect transportation facilities. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 3, pp. 70–74. (In Russian).
7. Savchenkova G.A., Artamonova T.A., Savchenkov V.P., Nosova Yu.E., Mileshkevich V.I. Experience of use of sealants at installation of air ducts. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2010. No. 6, pp. 26–28. (In Russian).
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Transformation of Production of Pre-Cast Reinforced Concrete Structures in Thailand (Information) . . . . . . . . . . .16
A.V. GRANOVSKY1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Laboratory, Research Center of Seismic Stability of Constructions, M.R. CHUPANOV1, Engineer; A.V. KOVRIGIN2, Engineer, Head of Technical Support Group (anton.kovrigin@bzs.ru), A.V. MASLOV2, Engineer
1 TsNIISK named after V.A. Kucherenko, JSC Research Center of Construction, (6, bldg.1 2nd Institutskaya Street, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 LLC “The Biysk Factory for Making Glass-Fiber Reinforced Plastics” (60/1, Leningradskaya Street, Biysk, Altai Krai, 659316, Russian Federation)

Experimental Studies of Three-Layer Wall Panels on Action of Dynamic Load The analysis of the results of static and dynamic tests of reinforced concrete three-layer wall panel with flexible connections of glass-fiber reinforcement is made. As a result of static tests of panels’ layers for shear, the value of the shear stiffness coefficient of connections and the ultimate value of shearing force for the panel are established. During the process of dynamic tests of three-layer panels on the two-component vibro-platform have been simulated loads on the structure corresponding to the dynamic impacts at earthquakes of 7–9 point intensity according to the MSK-64 scale. During the test process, the frequency spectrum of impacts changed within the 1–10 Hz range at accelerations of the vibro-platform of 0.3–19 m/s2. The character of behavior of a face layer relative to the bearing (self-bearing) layer of the panel under the action of dynamic load, parallel and perpendicular to the plane of panels is analyzed.

Keywords: three-layer wall panel, flexible connections from glass-fiber reinforcement, static and dynamic loads, frequency spectrum of impacts.

For citation: Granovsky A.V., Chupanov M.R., Kovrigin A.V., Maslov A.V. Experimental studies of three-layer wall panels on action of dynamic load. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 3, pp. 18–23. (In Russian).

References
1. Gagarin V.G., Dmitriev K.A. Accounting Heat engineering heterogeneities when assessing the thermal protection of enveloping structures in Russia and European countries. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 14–16. (In Russian).
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5. Kryshov S.I., Kurilyuk I.S. Problems of expert assessment of heat protection of buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 7, pp. 3–5. (In Russian).
6. Andreev D.A., Mogutov V.A., Tsirlin, A.M., the Choice of layers enclosing structures subject to prevent internal condensation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2001. No. 12, pp. 42–45. (In Russian).
7. Belyaev V.S., Granik Yu.G., Sailors Yu.A. Energoeffektivnost and heat-shielding of buildings [Jenergojeffektivnost’ i teplozashhita zdanij]. Moscow: ASV, 2012. 396 p.
8. Lobov O.I., Anan’ev A.I, Rymarev A.G. The main reasons for the discrepancy between the actual level of thermal protection of the exterior walls of modern buildings are regulatory requirements. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 11, pp. 68–70. (In Russian).
9. Lobov O.I., Anan’ev A.I To the issue of normalizing the level of thermal protection of the external walls of buildings. Gradostroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 5 (27), pp. 66–68. (In Russian).
10. Fokin K.F. Stroitel’naya teplotekhnika ograzhdayushchikh chastei zdanii / Pod redaktsiei Yu.A. Tabunshchikova i V.G. Gagarina. 5-e izdanie [Building heat engineering of enclosing parts of buildings. Edited by J.A. Tabunschikov and V.G. Gagarin. 5-th edition]. Moscow: AVOK-PRESS. 2006. 256 p.
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12. Kovrigin A.G., Maslov A.V., Vald A.A. Factors influencing on reliability of composite ties used in large-panel housing construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 31–34. (In Russian).
13. Kovrigin A.G, Maslov A.V. Composite Flexible Bracing in Large-Panel House Building. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materiаls]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 25–30. (In Russian).
14. Lugovoy А.N., Kovrigin A.G. Three-layer reinforced concrete wall panels with composite flexible communications. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materiаls]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 35–38. (In Russian).
15. Blazhko V.P., Granik M.Yu. Flexible bazaltoplastikovy communications for application in three-layer panels of external walls. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materiаls]. 2015. No. 5, pp. 56–57. (In Russian).
Progressive House-Construction System (Information) . . . . . . .24
An Import Substitution Product: Modern Concrete Mixing Plant for Coloured Concrete from the Group of Companies “ELTICON” (Information) . . . . . . . 26
V.E. GUBCHENKO, Leading Engineer, (support1@rflira.ru), LLC «Lira service» (7, Plekhanova Street, 111141, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Work with the ‘Joint’ Tool of Software Package LIRA-CAD Analysis of frameless large panel buildings implies account of flexible connections between walls and slabs at places of their intersection (joints). Generally, in 3D design models of such type, a flexible connection is simulated with discrete connections of finite rigidity. The rigidity of discrete connections is determined according to the type of joint and its design features. Simulation of discrete constraints is rather a time-consuming procedure. So, if the process of their generation is automated, it will simplify the work of design engineer. LIRA-SAPR 2017 introduces the special tool for effective simulation and analysis of joints in large panel buildings; the tool is called ‘Joint’. There is a special class of information objects – joint of panels. This class enables the user to considerably simplify and automate the simulation of large panel buildings, then triangulate and obtain the finite element model. Fundamental principles of work with the ‘Joint’ tool are considered.

Keywords: Lira service, SP LIRA-SAPR, SP SAPFIR, automation of design, CAD, calculation software complexes, numerical simulation, FEM, large-panel buildings, simulation of panel buildings, joint.

For citation: Gubchenko V.E. Work with the ‘Joint’ tool of software package LIRA-CAD. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 3, pp. 30–35. (In Russian).

References
1. Vodopianov R.Yu. Simulation and computation of largepanel buildings in PC LIRA-SAPR 2017. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 42–48. (In Russian).
2. Danel’ V.V. The 3D-parameters – the cores modeling joints in the konechnoelementnykh models. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 22–27. (In Russian).
3. Shapiro G.I., Gasanov A.A. Yuryev R.V. Calculation of buildings and constructions in MNIITEP. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2007. No. 6, pp. 35–37. (In Russian).
4. Shapiro G.I., Yuryev R.V. To a question of creation of settlement model of the panel built building. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2004. No. 12, pp. 32–33. (In Russian).
5. Danel’ V.V., Kuzmenko I.N. Determination of rigidity at compression of platform and platform and monolithic joints of large-panel buildings. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzhenii. 2010. No. 2, pp. 7–13. (In Russian).
6. Chentemirov G.M., Granovsky A.V. To calculation of platform joints at the COMPUTER. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzhenii. 1981. No. 2, pp. 59–61. (In Russian).
7. Shapiro G.I., Gasanov A.A. The numerical solution of a problem of stability of the panel building against the progressing collapse. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2016. Vol. 12. Issue 2, pp. 158–166.
8. Zenin S.A., Sharipov R.Sh., Kudinov O.V., Shapiro G.I., Gasanov A.A. Calculations of large-panel buildings on stability against the progressing collapse by methods of extreme balance and a final element. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 4, pp. 109–113. (In Russian).
9. Medvedenko D., Vodopyanov R. Gold strings of LIRY-SAPR. SAPR i grafika. 2013. No. 2 (196), рр. 10–18. (In Russian).
10. Danel’ V. V. Zhyostkosti of joints of ferroconcrete elements, peresekayemykharmaturny cores, at stretching and shift. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya. 2014. No. 6 (56), pp. 25–29. (In Russian).
11. Danel’ V.V. Solution of the problem of vertical joints of external wall panels. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 3, pp. 44–45. (In Russian).
V.A. SHEMBAKOV (zao.rekon@mail.ru), Executive of GC “Rekon-SMK”, General Director of ZAO “Rekon”, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Head of Team of Authors for Development in Introduction of SMK Technology ZAO “Rekon” (20a, Dorozhny Passage, 428003, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)

Innovation Technologies in Housing Construction Mastered by GC “Rekon-SMK” During 20 Years of Work at Markets of RF and CIS It is shown that the Russian technology of a precast-monolithic frame proposed by GC “Rekon-SMK” makes it possible to provide internal and foreign markets with qualitative, affordable and energy efficient building materials of Russian production, reduce the dependence on foreign technologies, equipment, and components. It is also shown that the efficiency of the project is determined not so much by the payback indicators as the number of constructed residential and public buildings. It is necessary to consider the possibility of changing the purpose of the object in the future. Actual data for determining the optimal capacity of a plant-mini DSK are presented. Reinforced concrete products supply to other regions can be up to 90% of the cost of products due to increasing transportation costs that makes manufacture of building materials unprofitable.

Keywords: innovations, housing construction, building industry, frame-panel housing construction, precast-monolithic frame, factory readiness, energy efficiency, speed of construction.

For citation: Shembakov V.A. Innovation technologies in housing construction mastered by GC “Rekon-SMK” during 20 years of work at markets of RF and CIS. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 3, pp. 36–43. (In Russian).

References
1. Shembakov V.A. Possibilities to use the russian technology of precast-monolithic frame for construction of qualitative affordable housing and roads in Russia. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 9–15. (In Russian).
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3. Nikolaev S.V., Shreiber A.K., Etenko V.P. Panel and frame housing construction – a new stage of development of efficiency. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
4. Nikolaev S.V. Revival of House Building Factories on the Basis of Domestic Equipment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’- stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 2, pp. 4–9. (In Russian).
5. Nikolaev S.V. Panel and Frame Buildings of New Generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 8, pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
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9. Shembakov V.A. Technology of Precast and Cast-inSitu Housing Construction SMK in Mass Construction of Russia and Country-Members of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 26–29. (In Russian).
A.N. KORSHUNOV, Deputy Director for Science (papadima53@yandex.ru) JSC “Kazan Giproniiaviaprom” (1, Dementieva Street, Kazan, 420127, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation) Large-Panel Houses of a New Generation

A design block of large-panel housing construction (LPHC) is considered. It is proposed to use a universal large-panel housing construction system with a narrow step as a basic system for LPHC plants. The system has multi-variant lay-outs of apartments with a diverse combination in the basic design of the block-section as well as a modular design principle of new block-sections on the basis of the existing, the mechanism of transfer of the basic block-section with a narrow step to a wide step in variant without preliminary pre-stressing. The advantage of its use in the planned Moscow program of housing renovation and resettlement from emergency five-story houses is shown. The possibility to reduce the costs when constructing including due to the use of gypsum partitions as well as the possibility to increase the capacity of the plant due to increasing the number of housing square meters are presented.

Keywords: renovation, panel houses, universal system of large-panel housing construction, basic block-section, free lay-outs, modular principle of designing block-sections, inter-room partitions, plant capacity.

For citation: Korshunov A.N. Large-panel houses of a new generation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 3, pp. 44–46. (In Russian).

References
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2. Korshunov A.N. Combination of Narrow and Wide Pitches of Cross Bearing Walls in a Large Panel Block-Section. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 6–12. (In Russian).
3. Korshunov A.N. Design «Universal System of LargePanel Housing Construction» for Construction in Moscow. Panel Houses Can Be Both Social and Elite Housing. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 11–15. (In Russian).
4. Korshunov A.N. Renovation program is an opportunity to improve the quality of housing for moscow residents. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 20–25. (In Russian).
L.V. KIEVSKIY, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Professor, Chief Researcher (mail@dev-city.ru), M.E. KARGASHIN, Programming Supervisor, M.I. PARKHOMENKO, Deputy Head of Department of Introduction of Information Systems and Results of Research. A.A. SERGEEVA, Chief Specialist OOO NPTS “City Development” (19, str. 3, Mira Avenue, Moscow, 129090, Russian Federation)

An Organizational-Economic Model of Renovation Main stages of the formation of a organizational-economic model of renovation – a mechanism of calculation of the Moscow renovation program: determination of objects nomenclature, assessment of work volumes and their distribution in time – are considered. A priority social character of the program and its direction to urban development of the city is emphasized. Main assumptions of the model and methodical approaches to the planning of work volumes are presented. It is proved that on the basis of the mathematical model of renovation with due regard for adopted hypotheses and assumptions, it is possible to form a calculation model and really plan the renovation program.

Keywords: renovation of residential areas, organizational-economic model of renovation, urban planning policy.

For citation: Kievskiy L.V., Kargashin М.Е., Parkhomenko M.I., Sergeeva A.A. An Organizational-economic model of renovation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 3, pp. 47–56. (In Russian).

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G.S. SLAVCHEVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (gslavcheva@yandex.ru) Voronezh State Technical University (84, 20-let Oktyabrya Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)

Statistical Analysis and Complex Quality Criteria for Cement Problems of cement quality for factory production of building materials and structures, which include a high variability of indicators of their properties, low value of specific surface area, understated setting times, are characterized. According to the data on acceptance sampling, laboratories of the reinforced concrete products, factories of the city of Voronezh during the year made the statistical analysis of cement quality of different manufacturers on the basis of which the level of criterial cement properties for factory production was authentic assessed and compared. On the basis of the analysis of requirements of standard GOST P 50779.53–98 “Statistical methods. Acceptance sampling by variables for normal distribution. Part I. Known standard deviation” and GOST P ISO 12491–2011 “Building materials and components. Statistical methods for quality control” for the statistical method of cement quality control, complex quantitative criteria of cement quality assessment, which include the performance of regulatory level of non-conformities and quality reserves, are substantiated. Values of these criteria are calculated on the example of cement strength of different manufacturers and compared with the statistical analysis results. It is shown, that these criteria are objective, with statistical reliable characteristics of cement quality and can be proposed for enterprise-consumers as a criterion for selecting cement suppliers.

Keywords: cement, statistical analysis, quality criteria, normative level of non-conformities.

For citation: Slavcheva G.S. Statistical analysis and complex quality criteria for cement. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 3, pp. 60–64. (In Russian).

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