Table of contents
N.S. SOKOLOV1, 2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Associate Professor, Director (firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com)
Long Research in Deformation Processes of Foundation Bases under Increased Loads
Safety of operation of facilities according to GOST 27751–2014 «Reliability of building structures and foundations. The main provisions.» is regulated by the
values of vertical settlements and tilts. The objects considered in this article belong to the structures of the first class of responsibility. As a result of the impact of
increased loads reaching average pressures up to PII mt=680 kPa on their box-shaped foundations, they received settlements and tilts exceeding the maximum
permissible values. In this case, the direction of the tilts during the erection of objects varies from 0 to 360о. Due to timely taking technical and technological
methods during their erection, they are operated reliably.
Keywords: uneven settlement, tilt, settlements, forecast of base deformations.
For citation: Sokolov N.S. Long research in deformation processes of foundation bases under increased loads. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2018. No. 5, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).
1 OOO NPF «FORST» (109a, Kalinina Street, 428000, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)
2 I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (15, Moskovskiy pr., 428015, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)
1. Sokolov N.S. Forecast of settlement of large-size foundations
at high pressures on the base. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).
2. Egorov K.E., Sokolov I.S. Patterns of deformation of bases
of foundations with a large area. Рарers of The All-Union
Conference on foundation engineering «Accelerating
scientific and technical progress infoundation engineering».
Moscow: Stroiizdat, 1987, pp. 55.
3. Egorov K.E., Sokolov N.S. Features of deformations of
bases of foundations with a large area. Papers of The Fourth
All-Union Conference on foundation engineering. Moscow:
Stroiizdat, 1987.Vol. 2, pp. 44.
4. Egorov K.E., Sokolov N.S. Features of the deformations of
the bases of reactor departments of Atomic Electric Stations.
Osnovaniya, fundamenty I mehanika gruntov. 1985. No. 4,
pp. 14–17. (In Russian).
5. Sokolov N.S., Ushkov S.M. Features of calculating the
sediment of large-sized foundations under elevated pressure
on soils. Papers of the scientific and technical conference
«Geotechnics of the Volga region-IV». 4.2. «Bases and
foundations.» Saratov, 1989, pp. 34.
6. Sokolov N.S. Сollaboration of the bases and foundations
of the Russian NPP. Trudy NIIOSP im. I.M. Gersevanova.
1988, Vol. 87, pp. 65. (In Russian).
7. Sokolov N.S. Deformation of the base of a circular
foundation on a finite compressible layer. Trudy NIIOSP
im. I.M. Gersevanova, 1987. Vol. 86, pp. 56. (In Russian).
8. Sokolov N.S., Ushkov S.M. Estimated soil resistance at the
base of large-sized foundations at elevated pressure. V kn.
Stroitrl’nye constructsii [Building structures]. Cheboksary,
1992, pp. 66–67.
T.A. NAZAROV, Bachelor, F.F. POSELSKY, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (58, Belinsky Street, Yakutsk, 677000, Russian Federation)
Finite Element Analysis of Stress-Strain State of Reinforced Concrete Pile Foundation Structures
of a Residential Building under Low Temperatures Impact
The behavior of a reinforced concrete pile foundation at exceeding of permissible sizes of temperature blocks under the conditions of low temperature and on
permafrost soils is considered. Materials of the building inspection are presented; the formation of cracks in foundation structures is shown. Strength calculation
of the reinforced concrete pile foundation with vented under-floor space under the action of low temperature was performed in Ansys software. The stress-strain
state beyond the elastic work of the structure with due regard for reducing the rigidity of the structure is analyzed with the use of the Willam-Warnke mathematical
model. Dependences of strength and elastic-plastic deformation properties on the temperature are taken into account. Results of the numerical simulation are
in good compliance with the inspection data and showed that the crack formation in the structures of the basement floor was caused by temperature-humidity
deformations of concrete and reinforcement. The negative influence of internal angles in the plans of basement floors in the areas of niches and ledges which
are concentrators of stresses and promote the crack formation in the structures is revealed. It is established that temperature stresses evident in the piles, in the
abutment zones and the zones between the piles. Some recommendations on designing foundation structures in areas with low temperature are made.
Keywords: temperature-humidity impacts, reinforced concrete structures in cold climate, reinforced concrete structures on permafrost soils, non-linear
properties of concrete, crack formation, finite elements method, first principle of using permafrost soils.
For citation: Nazarov T.A., Poselsky F.F. Finite element analysis of stress-strain state of reinforced concrete pile foundation structures of a residential building
under low temperatures impact. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 5, pp. 9–14. (In Russian).
1. Ivanova R.N. Lowest records of air temperature in Eurasia.
Vestnik YaGU. 2006. No. 1. Vol. 3, pp. 13–19. (In Russian).
2. Almazov V.O., Istomin A.D. Influence of the water saturation
on the temperature deformation of concrete under freezing.
Impacts of external factors on hydraulic engineering
constructions. Collection of scientific works. Moscow: MISI.
1986, pp. 162–169. (In Russian).
3. Istomin A.D., Kudryavtsev A.V. Behavior of statically
indeterminable reinforced concrete members under negative
temperatures. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo.
2016. No. 7, pp. 51–55. (In Russian).
4. Milovanov A.F., Samoylenko V.N. Uchet vozdeystviya nizkikh
temperatur pri raschete konstruktsiy. Beton i zhelezobeton.
1980. No. 3, pp. 25–26. (In Russian).
5. Moskvin V.M., Kapkin M.M., Savitsky A.N., Yarmakovskiy
V.N. Beton dlya stroitel’stva v surovykh klimaticheskikh
usloviyakh [Concrete construction in extreme climatic
conditions]. Leningrad, Strojizdat., 1973. 172 p. (In Russian).
6. Mukha V.I., Abakumov Yu.N., Malkov Ye.N. Osnovy rascheta,
konstruirovaniya i vozvedeniya sooruzheniy v Yakutskoy
ASSR. Part 1: Teoreticheskie osnovy rascheta stroitel’nykh
konstruktsiy na temperaturnye vozdeystviya [Fundamentals
of design, construction and erection of structures in the
Yakut ASSR. Vol. 1: Theoretical basis for calculating building
structures for temperature effects.] Yakutsk: Yakutskoe
knignoe izdatelstvo, 1976. 248 p. (In Russian).
7. Rekomendatsii po raschetu zhelezobetonnykh svaynykh
fundamentov, vozvodimykh na vechnomerzlykh gruntakh,
s uchetom temperaturnykh i vlazhnostnykh vozdeystviy
[Recommendations for the calculation of reinforced concrete
pile foundations, erected on permafrost soils, considering
temperature and humidity effects] Moscow: Strojizdat, 1981.
47 p. (In Russian).
8. Ansys Mechanical APDL Theory Reference. Release 17.2.
Canonsburg. 2009. 884 p.
9. Schnobrich W.C., Suidan M. Finite Element Analysis of
Reinforced Concrete. ASCE Journal of the Structural
Division, 1973, ST10, pp. 2109–2122.
10. Taylor R.L., Beresford P.J., Wilson E.L. A Non-Conforming
Element for Stress Analysis. International Journal for Numerical
Methods in Engineering, 1976, vol. 10, pp. 1211–1219.
11. Willam K.J., Warnke E.D. Constitutive Model for the Triaxial
Behavior of Concrete. International Association for Bridge
and Structural Engineering, 1975, vol. 19, pp. 43–57.
12. Wilson E.L., Taylor R.L., Doherty W.P., Ghaboussi J.
Incompatible Displacement Models. Numerical and Computer
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I.A. ANTAKOV, assistant (email@example.com)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street., Kazan, 420043, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)
Features of Behavior of Flexural Members with Composite Polymeric Reinforcement under Load
The article presents the results of experimental studies of strength, crack resistance of normal sections and deformability of flexural members reinforced with
composite reinforcement. The study used bars of glass-composite and basalt-composite reinforcement, with pre-tensioning including. The beam specimens were
subjected to the short duration loads. According to the results of the tests, cracking loads, the achievement of limit states for deflections and the width of cracks
opening, fracture have been established. The dependence of the crack formation moment on the diameter of type of reinforcement has been revealed. Operation
of beams under load after cracking and till failure is characterized by mostly linear dependence between the values of bending moments and deflections.Four
mechanisms of destruction of beams were recorded. It is established that that the serviceability limit states come at 26.1–52.9% of rupture load, for beams with
pre-stressed composite reinforcement – 42.3–70.3%. More efficient is the use of bars of smaller diameter.
Keywords: non-metallic reinforcement, composite polymeric reinforcement, concrete structures, flexural members.
For citation: Antakov I.A. Features of behavior of flexural members with composite polymeric reinforcement under load. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2018. No. 5, pp. 15–18. (In Russian).
1. Al-Sunna R., Pilakoutas K., Hajirasouliha I., Guadagnini M.
Deflection behavior of FRP reinforced concrete beams and
slabs: An experimental investigation. Composites Part B:
Engineering, 43 (5). 2012. 23 p.
2. Barris C., Torres L., Turon A., Baena M., Mias C. Experimental
study of flexural behaviour of GFRP reinforced. Fourth
International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering
(CICE2008). Zurich, Switzerland, 22–24 July 2008.
3. Barris C., Torres L., Comas J., Mias C. Cracking and
deflections in GFRP RC beams: an experimental study.
Composites: Part B, 55. 2013, pp. 580–590.
4. Mahdi Feizbahr, Jayaprakash, Morteza Jamshidi, Choong
Kok Keong. Review on Various Types and Failures of Fibre
Reinforcement Polymer. Middle-East Journal of Scientific
Research 13 (10). 2013, pp. 1312–1318.
5. Pawłowskia D., Szumigałaa M. Flexural behaviour of fullscale
basalt FRP RC beams – experimental and numerical
studies. 7th Scientific-Technical Conference Material
Problems in Civil Engineering (MATBUD’2015). Procedia
Engineering 108. 2015, pp. 518–525.
6. Urbanski M., Garbacz A., Lapko A. Investigation on
concrete beams reinforced with basalt rebars as an effective
alternative of conventional R/C structures. Proceedings of the
11th International Conference on Modern Building Materials,
Structures and Techniques. Procedia Engineering 57. 2013,
7. Klimov Y.A., Soldatchenko A.D., Witkowski J.A. Experimental
study of composite reinforcement on the basis of basalt and
glass roving for reinforcement of concrete structures. Beton i
zhelezobeton. 2012. No. 2 (7), pp. 106–109 (In Russian).
8. Frolov N.V. Experimental research of concrete beams with
glass-plastic bars in tensioned area. Vestnik Belgorodskogo
gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta
im. V.G. SHuhova. 2016. No. 2, pp. 46–50. (In Russian).
Research Institute of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete named after A.A. Gvozdev (NIIZHB), JSC “Research Center of Construction”
(6, 2nd Institutskaya Street, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Examples of Strengthening of Dangerous Reinforced Concrete Structures
Dangerous structures are special structures which require a special approach when strengthening them, since any errors can lead to irreparable consequences.
To solve the problems of strengthening of such structures is necessary very carefully, since practically any strengthening involves incorporating the existing
(dangerous) structure in the operation and providing any additional impact on such a structure. A few examples of strengthening of reinforced concrete
structures in the dangerous state are presented from the archive of works conducted by the Laboratory of engineering methods of study of reinforced concrete
structures of A.A. Gvozdev NIIZHB. These examples show that the recommendations for strengthening dangerous structures can vary depending on every
Keywords: bearing capacity, deformation, damages, strengthening, reinforcement, dangerous structures, collapse, unloading, dismantling, calculation.
For citation: Arleninov P.D., Krylov S.B. Examples of strengthening of dangerous reinforced concrete structures. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2018. No. 5, pp. 19–23. (In Russian).
1. Travush V.I., Konin D.V., Rozhkova L.S., Krylov A.S.,
Kaprielov S.S., Chilin I.A., Martirosyan A.S., Fimkin A.I.
Experimental study of composite structures, working
for eccentric compression. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i
stroitel’stvo. 2016. No. 3, pp. 127–135. (In Russian).
2. Arleninov P.D. Experience of development of strengthening
of the reinforced concrete overpass metalwork. Promyshlennoe
i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 1, pp. 37–38.
3. Arleninov P.D., Krylov S.B. Role of load application scheme
for ensuring the bearing capacity of building structures.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018.
No. 4, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).
4. Аrleninov P.D. Krylov S.B. Current state of nonlinear
calculations of reinforced concrete designs. Seismostoikoe
stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzhenii. 2017. No. 3,
pp. 50–53. (In Russian).
5. Galustov K.Z. Nelinejnaja teorija polzuchesti betona i raschet
zhelezobetonnyh konstrukcij. [Nonlinear theory of creep of
concrete and calculation of reinforced concrete designs].
Moscow: Izdatelstvo fiz.-mat. litеratury. 2006, pp. 94–110.
6. Shulyat’ev O.A., Mozgacheva O.A., Pospekhov V.S. Osvoenie
podzemnogo prostranstva gorodov [Development of
underground space of the cities]. Moscow: ASV. 2017 510 p.
7. Bondarenko V.M., Rimshin V.I. Primery rascheta zhelezobetonnykh
i kamennykh konstruktsii. [Examples of calculation
of reinforced concrete and stone designs]. Moscow:
Student, 2014. 539 p.
8. Rimshin V.I., Bondarenko V.M., Bakirov R.O., Nazarenko
V.G. Zhelezobetonnye i kamennye konstrukcii [Reinforced
concrete and stone designs]. Moscow: Student. 2010, 887 p.
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of Concrete. ACI Materials Journal. 1996. Vol. 93 (No. 6),
10. Larionov E.A., Rimshin V.I., Vasil’kova N.T. Power method of
assessment of stability of the compressed reinforced concrete
elements. Stroitel’naja mehanika inzhenernyh konstrukcij i
sooruzhenij. 2012. No. 2, pp. 77–81. (In Russian).
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shrinkage of concrete used in Florida. University оf Florida.
2009. 176 р.
Компания «Альфа Групп Инвест» занимает одну из лидирующих позиций на рынке современного градостроительства Севастополя (Информация) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
P.N. UMNYAKOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering)
Art Institute of Restoration (3, bldg.4, N.Bauman Township, 105037, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Engineering Solutions Implemented During the Great Patriotic War
Space-planning, structural concepts and ventilation systems of the Central Academic Theater of the Russian Army (former the Red Army Theatre) built in the
end of 1930s in Moscow are considered. This building was the first theatre built after 1917, that’s why many solutions, both space-planning and structural, as
well solutions of engineering systems were adopted by Soviet designers for the first time. The article also presents the space-planning solutions of dugout-bomb
shelters and ventilation systems of bomb-shelters in which the inhabitants of Moscow escaped from the bombing. Some episodes of the end of the Great Patriotic
War connected with the mine clearing of the Reich Chancellery in Berlin in May 1945 are given.
Keywords: temperature, supply ventilation, extract ventilation, air exchange, comfort air-humidity conditions, moisture exchange.
For citation: Umnyakov P.N. Engineering solutions implemented during the Great Patriotic war. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 5,
pp. 25–28. (In Russian).
1. Barhin G.B. Teatry [Theaters]. Moscow: Izd-vo Akademii
arhitektury SSSR, 1947.
2. Arhitektura Strany Sovetov. TEATRY [Architecture Of The
Soviet Country. THEATRES]. Moscow: Izd-vo Akademii
arhitektury SSSR, 1948.
3. Yudin M.V. The Battle for Moscow. Figures and facts. Prepodavanie
istorii v shkole. 2017. No. 1, pp. 33–41. (In Russian).
4. Gusev A.V. Protection of the population and objects of Moscow
from Nazi aviation. Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo
universiteta im. A.S. Pushkina. 2011. Vol. 4. No. 2, pp. 91–96.
5. Gavrilov B.I. Moscow the frontline. 1941–1942. Archival
documents and materials. Otechestvennaya istoriya. 2003.
No. 3, pp. 164–166. (In Russian).
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Moskvy. 2010. T. 550. No. 2, pp. 40–52. (In Russian).
7. Rogak YU.V., Rybina M.V. Economy of Soviet cities during
the great Patriotic war. Molodoj uchenyj. 2017. No. 21 (155),
pp. 372–375. (In Russian).
8. Umnyakov P.N. Teplovoj i ehkologicheskij komfort.
Proektirovanie processov okazaniya uslug [Thermal and
environmental comfort. Design of services rendering
processes]. Moscow: Forum, 2009. 440 p.
9. Umnyakov P.N. Osnovy rascheta i prognozirovaniya teplovogo
komforta i ehkologicheskoj bezopasnosti na predpriyatiyah tekstil’noj
i legkoj promyshlennosti [Bases of calculation and forecasting
of thermal comfort and ecological safety at the enterprises of
textile and light industry]. Moscow: Forum, 2003. 400 p.
10. Umnyakov P.N., Umnyakova N.P., Aldoshina N.E. Sohranenie
drevnih shedevrov russkoj ikonopisi Troickogo sobora Svyato
Troickoj Sergievoj Lavry. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing
construction]. 2017. No. 6, pp. 40–44. (In Russian).
11. Umnyakov P.N., Umnyakova N.P., Aldoshina N.E.
Obespechenie teplovogo rezhima dlya sohraneniya drevnih
shedevrov russkoj ikonopisi Troickogo sobora Svyato
Troickoj Sergievoj Lavry. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing
construction]. 2017. No. 8, pp. 25–29. (In Russian).
S.V. PROKHOROV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (87, Gorky Street, Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation)
Complex Approach to Formation of Machine Parks with Due Regard for Energy Efficiency Indicators
Construction is one of the most important branches of the national economy and is an integral part of the country’s economy. At present, the production sector
of the economy is experiencing significant difficulties connected with the economic crisis and international sanctions. However, this is an additional incentive for
modernization of control systems, approaches to the formation of machine parks and the execution of building-erection works. This article considers the issue
of formation of machine parks of the building organizations with due regard for indicators of energy efficiency. The solution of this problem makes it possible
not only to reduce costs by saving fuel, lubricants etc. but also to improve the ecological situation in the zone of works. At the same time with improving the
competitiveness of the construction industry, the interest of companies in the modern energy efficient equipment makes it possible to develop heavy engineering
with a number of related industries that can not but affect the economic situation in the country as a whole.
Keywords: machine parks, energy efficiency, construction, modernization.
For citation: Prokhorov S.V. Complex approach to formation of machine parks with due regard for energy efficiency indicators. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 5, pp. 29–33. (In Russian).
1. Pankratov E.P., Pankratov O.E. Problems of increase in
production capacity of the enterprises of a construction
complex. Ekonomika stroitel’stva. 2015. No. 3 (33), pp. 4–17.
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problems and ways of improvement. Vestnik MGSU. 2015.
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yearbook]. Moscow: Rosstat, 2016. 725 p.
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E.V., Krasikov A.A. Definition of indicators of operational
properties of modern construction road machines. Fundamental’nye
issledovaniya. 2016. No. 12–2, pp. 312–317.
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Russian industry on imports and the mechanism of strategic
import substitution. Voprosy ekonomiki. 2015. No. 1,
pp. 103–115. (In Russian).
6. Volkov A.A., Tuskaeva Z.R. Ergonomics and environmental
safety are the factors necessary to improve the
competitiveness of domestic construction equipment. Vestnik
MGSU. 2016. Vol. 12. No. 3 (102), pp. 308–316. (In Russian).
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Rosstat, 2016. 111 p.
8. Kravchenko I.N., Myasnikov A.V., Petrov A.N., Shaibakov
R.R., Klimenko A.A. Organization of technical service of specialized machines and their working equipment.
Stroitel’nye i dorozhnye mashiny. 2013. No. 1, pp. 30–36.
9. Kim B.G., Prokhorov S.V. Formation of the schedule of
technical maintenance and repair of engine parks with
calculation of the need for spare elements and storage
facilities. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva. 2015. No. 8, pp. 52–53.
10. Sistemy upravleniya stroitel’noi tekhnikoi TOPCON.
Elektronnyi resurs: htpp:// geopribori.ru/file/mc_gsi.pdf (Data
of access 27.07.2017).
11. Kuznetsova B.H. Substantiation of criteria for evaluating the
efficiency of the KOMATSU PC300. Stroitel’nye i dorozhnye
mashiny. 2014. No. 3, pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
12. Shcherbachev P.V., Semenov S.E. Electrohydraulic drive
with throttle control with increased energy efficiency.
Nauka i obrazovanie. MGTU im. N.E. Baumana. Elektron.
zhurn. 2012. No. 10, pp. 93–104. http://old.technomag.
edu.ru/issue/453255.html (Data of access 27.07.2017).
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operation and service of road-building cars. Mekhanizatsiya
stroitel’stva. 2014. No. 10, pp. 26–31. (In Russian).
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parts. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva. 2014. No. 6, pp. 55–56.
A.I. SVINTSOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com); A.R. KOEN2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering);
Z.A. BISIEV3, Engineer, I.Yu. ARSAMAKOV3, Engineer; T.N. NAUMOVA4, Engineer
Keywords: formwork, concrete mix, reliability, quality, defects of structures, residential building.
For citation: Svintsov A.I., Koen A.R., Bisiev Z.A., Arsamakov I.Yu., Naumova T.N. Construction of residential buildings in permanent formwork of cement-chip
slabs. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 5, pp. 34–39. (In Russian).
1 Academy of Engineering, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (6, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, 117198, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 OOO “UK GenStroy” (7, Malaya Kalitnikovskaya Street, 109147, Moscow, Russian Federation)
3 OOO “INTERGRUPP” (13, LIT A, Moskovskoe Shosse, 196158, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)
4 OAO UC “Investitsii. Financy. Kapital” (7, Malaya Kalitnikovskaya Street, 109147, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Construction of Residential Buildings in Permanent Formwork of Cement-Chip Slabs
Erection of residential buildings made of monolithic reinforced concrete with the use of permanent cement-chip formwork is one of the effective methods of
construction. At present, among all branches, the construction is characterized by the highest level of defectiveness of structures erected. In this regard, the
evaluation of the reliability of erection of residential buildings in permanent formwork of cement-chip slabs in terms of the quality parameters is an actual scientifictechnical
task. As a result of theoretical and experimental studies, the most often formed defects of structures have been revealed and cause-effect relations of
their formation have been established. On the basis of on-site investigations, the reliability of the technological system in terms of the quality of structures erected
was evaluated. In general, the construction technological system of erection of residential buildings made of monolithic reinforced concrete in permanent cementchip
formwork corresponds to the level of reliability in terms of quality parameters set by project documentation.
1. Krawczyn´ska-Piechna A. Comprehensive Approach to
Efficient Planning of Formwork Utilization on the Construction
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The development of monolithic costruction and modern
formwork systems. Vestnik VolgGASU. Serija: Stroitel’stvo i
arhitektura. 2014. No. 36 (55), pp. 231–239. (In Russian).
3. Wang Lei, Chen S.S., Tsang D.C.W., Poon Chi-Sun, Dai Jian-
Guo. CO2 curing and fibre reinforcement for green recycling
of contaminated wood into high-performance cementbonded
particleboards. Journal of CO2 Utilization. 2017.
Vol. 18, pp. 107–116. DOI.org/10.1016/j.jcou.2017.01.018.
4. Soroushian P., Won Jong-Pil, Hassan M. Durability
and microstructure analysis of CO2-cured cementbonded
wood particleboard // Cement and Concrete
Composites. 2013. Vol. 41, pp. 34–44. DOI.org/10.1016/j.
5. Riazanova G.N., Kamburg V.G. Description and model
approach in technologies of mounting filler structures in permanent forms with macroporous expanded-clay concrete
filling. Vestnik HNU. Tehnicheskie nauki. 2014. No. 3 (213),
pp. 183–187. (In Russian).
6. Huang Bo-Tao, Li Qing-Hua, Xu Shi-Lang, Li Chen-Fei.
Development of reinforced ultra-high toughness cementitious
composite permanent formwork: Experimental study and
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7. Kharum M., Svintsov A.P. Reliability of technological
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of the monolithic reinforced concrete wall construction.
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K.R. YUSIFOVA, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Azerbaijan University of Architecture and Construction (11, A. Sultanova Street, 1173, Baku, Azerbaijan)
Exteriors and Interiors of Residential Houses at the Turn of the XIX–XX Centuries in Baku
The development of stylistic features of the local architecture in the XIX – early XX centuries, the emergence of new trends in the organization and design
of exteriors and interiors of the period considered are traced. The emergence and spread of capitalistic production relations had a significant impact on the
subsequent development of Azerbaijan architecture. New observed manifestations in the architecture of Azerbaijan especially clearly reflected in the development
of Baku. Already at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries, during the period of rapid development of the oil industry, Baku became one of the largest cities of the
Russian Empire. During this period, the architecture of Azerbaijan developed on the basis of the composition of buildings which occupied an important place in
the architectural-planning structure of dwellings and the traditions of European architecture. The basis of compositional structure of buildings constructed by local
architects and people craftsmen were traditional architectural roots. Pupils of the European school of architecture actively acted together with local architects.
Keywords: architecture, exterior, interior, trends, buildings, house, traditions, style, furniture.
For citation: Yusifova K.R. Exteriors and interiors of residential houses at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries in Baku. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
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