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Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №1-2

Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo №1-2
February, 2018

Table of contents

L.V. KIEVSKIY, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Professor, Chief Research Scientist (mail@dev-city.ru) OOO NPTS «City Development» (structure 3, 19, Mira Avenue, 129090, Moscow, Russian Federation)

A Mathematical Model of Renovation An approach to the most important social project – the renovation of development as a calculation problem with defined parameters is justified. Definitions and commentaries to basic parameters – the renovation coefficient, the resettlement coefficient, the factor of sales – are made; their interconnection is established. The nature of the wave construction is investigated; the mathematical model of renovation on the basis of geometrical progression is proposed. The content of the renovation as a process developing in time is revealed; a special parameter, step of wave characterizing this process, is proposed. A mathematical model of the renovation is proposed as a basis for developing the organizational-economic and financial model.

Keywords: renovation of quarters, mathematical model of renovation, wave construction, coefficient of renovation, coefficient of resettlement.

For citation: Kievskiy L.V. A mathematical model of renovation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).

References
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3. Levkin S.I., Kievskiy L.V. Program-targeted approach to urban planning policy. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 8, pp. 6–9. (In Russian).
4. Shul’zhenko S.N., Kievskiy L.V., Volkov A.A. Improvement of the methodology for assessing the level of organizational preparation for concentrated construction. Vestnik MGSU. 2016. No. 3, pp. 135–143. (In Russian).
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6. Kievskiy I.L., Grishutin I.B., Kievskiy L.V. Decentralized rearrangement of city blocks (concept design stage). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 23–28. (In Russian).
7. Kievskiy L.V. Applied organization of construction. Vestnik MGSU. 2017. No. 3, pp. 253–259. (In Russian).
8. Oleinik P.P., Kuz’mina T.K. Modeling the activities of a technical customer. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2012. No. 11, pp. 42–43. (In Russian).
9. Kuz’mina T.K., Sinenko S.A. Information modeling of construction in the work of a technical customer. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki. 2015. No. 11, pp. 637–639. (In Russian).
10. Semechkin A.E. Sistemnyi analiz i sistemotekhnika [System analysis and system engineering]. Moscow: SvR-ARGUS. 2005. 536 p. v11. Gusakova E.A., Pavlov A.S. Osnovy organizatsii i upravleniya v stroitel’stve [Bases of the organization and management in construction]. Moscow: Yurait Publ., 2016. 318 p. (In Russian).
12. Oleinik P.P. Organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Organization of construction production]. Moscow: ASV. 2010. 576 p. (In Russian).
13. Kievskiy L.V. Ot organizatsii stroitel’stva k organizatsii investitsionnykh protsessov v stroitel’stve. «Razvitie goroda»: Sbornik nauchnykh trudov 2006–2014 gg. [From construction management to investment process in construction management. «City Development» collection of proceedings 2006–2014]. Moscow: SvR-ARGUS. 2014. 592 p.
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15. Kievskiy L.V., Sergeev A.S. Urban development and labor performance. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 9, pp. 55–59. (In Russian).
16. Kievskiy L.V. Kompleksnost’ i potok (organizatsiya zastroiki mikroraiona) [The complexity and the flow (organization development of the neighborhood)]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1987. 136 p.
17. Kievskiy L.V., Shul’zhenko S.N., Volkov A.A. Investment policy of the customer-builder at the stage of organizational preparation of concentrated construction. Vestnik MGSU. 2016. No. 3, pp. 111–121. (In Russian).
18. Kievskiy L.V., Sergeeva A.A. Renovation planning and solvent demand. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 12, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
The Award Named after I.A. Grishmanov: 2017 (Information) . . . . . . .8
O.S. SUBBOTIN, Doctor of Architecture (subbos@yandex.ru) Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin (13, Kalinina Street, 350044, Krasnodar, Russian Federation)

Architecture of Orthodox Churches at Higher Educational Institutions The study is devoted to the existing and projected Orthodox churches at higher educational institutions. A brief historical note on St. Martyr Tatiana, who is the patroness of Russian students, is presented. Particular attention deserves the history of the architecture of the church in the name of St. Martyr Tatiana on the territory of the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. The architecture of similar churches in other cities of Russia is considered with due regard for historical and other local traditions. The role and importance of the Orthodox Church in the educational process of these institutions are revealed. The actual problems that arise in the course of preparation of permit documentation are highlighted. Architectural solutions of the temple complex on the territory of the Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin are presented. The practical significance of this scientific article is that the results of the research can be used when designing house churches of higher educational institutions.

Keywords: house church, church, educational institution, St. Martyr Tatiana, territory, higher educational institution, architecture, traditions, education, culture.

For citation: Subbotin O.S. Architecture of orthodox churches at higher educational institutions. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 10–15. (In Russian).

References
1. Sokolov A. Svyatoi vityaz’ zemli russkoi. Svyatost’ zhizni blagovernogo velikogo knyazya Aleksandra Vasil’evicha Nevskogo [The Holy Knight of the Russian Land. Holiness of the life of the faithful Grand Duke Alexander Vasilyevich Nevsky]. Nizhniy Novgorod: GUP RM «Respub. tip. «Krasnyi Oktyabr’», 2008. 360 p. (In Russian).
2. Subbotin O.S. Temple architecture of Kuban and cultural loan of slavyano-vyzantine traditions. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2012. No. 1, pp. 45–47. (In Russian).
3. Prokhorov V.V. Svyataya Tat’yana pomozhet vsem, kto mechtaet sdelat’ zhizn’ luchshe [Saint Tatiana will help everyone who dreams to make life better]. Moscow: AST, 2012. 26 p. (In Russian).
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6. Subbotin O.S. Temple architecture of Krasnodar (Ekaterinodar): evolution and architectural and town-planning culture. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2016. No. 4, pp. 33–39. (In Russian).
7. Dyakov M.Y., Krieger L.V. Evolyutsiya arkhitekturnykh form v khramovom stroitel’stve Voronezhskoi oblasti: s khronologicheskim illyustrirovannym perechnem sokhranivshikhsya khramovykh zdanii XVIII – pervoi chetverti XX vekov [Evolution of architectural forms in the temple construction of the Voronezh region: with a chronological illustrated list of preserved temple buildings of the XVIIIfirst quarter of the XX century]. Voronezh: Voronezhskayaoblastnaya tipografiya – izdatelstvo imeni E.A. Bolkhovitinova, 2011. 128 p.
8. Khram svyatoi Tatiany. Svyatyni. Istoriya. Sovremennost’ [The Church of St. Tatiana. Shrines. History. Modernity]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo hrama cvyatoyi muchenitsy Tatiany. 2010. 336 p.
9. Ilyin M.A. Kazakov. Moscow: Gos. izdatelstvo literatury po stroitel’stvu i arkhitekture, 1955. 47 p.
10. Subbotin O.S. History of the architecture of Orthodox churches of the Black Sea coast of Russia. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2013. No. 10, pp. 18–22. (In Russian).
11. Ivyanskaya-Hessen I.S. Russko-angliiskii arkhitekturnyi slovar’ [Russian-English architectural dictionary] Moscow: AST, 2008. 719 p.
12. Subbotin O.S. Innovative materials in the monuments of architectural and town-planning heritage of the Kuban. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2015. No. 11, pp. 35–40. (In Russian).
13. Denis R. Maknamara. Kak chitat’ tserkvi. Intensivnyi kurs po khristianskoi kul’ture [How to read the church. Intensive course on Christian culture: popular scientific publication; translation from English]. Moscow: RIPOL klassik, 2011. 256 p.
14. Subbotin O.S. Peculiarities of reconstruction of historical building of the city center of Krasnodar. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2011. No. 4, pp. 7–9. (In Russian).
E.F. FILATOV, Engineer (filatovef@mail.ru) OOO «Zaschita-servis» (37-4, Bohdan Khmelnytsky Street, Bryansk, 241020, Russian Federation)

The Unique Structure of the XX Century – Ostankino Television and Radio Tower 05 November of 1967 the first phase of construction of the Ostankino Television and Radio Tower, which since then is one of the symbols of Moscow, was commissioned. This complex multipurpose object of 540 m height under various technological functions provides the indissoluble unity of the architectural, structural, and engineering concepts. This unique high-rise structure is the unifying dominant of adjoining areas and possesses the composition inter-connection with the planning structure of the city. When constructing the Ostankino Television and Radio Tower, modified concrete named as High Performance Concrete (HPC) or high-functional concrete has been obtained and then is widely used in domestic construction practice. Main structural features of the structure and properties of materials used are presented.

Keywords: high-rise construction, reinforced concrete radio and television tower, pre-stressed reinforcement, high-functional concrete.

For citation: Filatov E.F. The unique structure of the XX century – Ostankino television and radio tower. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 17–21. (In Russian).

References
1. Vedyakov I.I. Tendencies of world high-rise construction. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturnostroitel’nogo universiteta. Ser.: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura. 2013. No. 31. P. 1, pp. 47–53. (In Russian).
2. Grif A.Ya. Vysochaishaya televizionnaya bashnya [The highest television tower] . Moscow: Svyaz’. 1975. 120 p.
3. Granik Yu.G. Sovremennoe vysotnoe stroitel’stvo [Modern high-rise construction]. Moscow: Moskomarkhitektura. 2007. 461 p.
4. Milovanov A.F., Solomonov V.V., Kuznetsova I.S. A condition of the main reinforced concrete trunk of the Ostankino television tower after the fire. Beton i zhelezobeton. 2001. No. 3, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
5. Mishenkov S.A. History of the Moscow radio television towers. Radio. 2012. No. 10, pp. 3–6. (In Russian).
6. Nikitin N.V. Ostankinskaya televizionnaya bashnya [Ostankino television tower]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo literatury po stroitel’stvu, 1972. 210 p.
7. Ostroumov B.V. Design and construction of the ring base for a radio television tower. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2007. No. 4, pp. 20–24. (In Russian).
8. Trinker A.B. It is checked by time. Stroitel’naya gazeta. 2017. No. 44, pp. 2. (In Russian).
9. Travush V.I. To Ostankino Television Tower in Moscow 45 years. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2012. No. 4, pp. 116–119. (In Russian).
10. Travush V.I. Outstanding engineer, architect, thinker. Stroitel’naya gazeta. 2007. No. 50, pp. 2. (In Russian).
11. Trinker A.B. Uniform system of high-speed concreting of high-rise constructions. Beton i zhelezobeton. 1983. No. 12, pp. 20–21. (In Russian).
12. Trinker A.B. Increase in durability of the special buildings and constructions operated in hostile environment. Spetsial’nye stroitel’nye raboty. 1984. No. 8, pp. 6–11. (In Russian).
S.G. ZUBANOVA, Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor (svet_285@mail.ru) Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (4, Volokolamskoe Highway, 125993, Moscow, Russian Federation) Spontaneous Development of Territories of Podmoskovye (Moscow Oblast) and Life Quality of Population:

Problems of Social Infrastructure, Ecology, Transport Problems of the intensive development of the Podmoskovye territory are considered; the consequence of them is road-transport, ecological, social-infrastructure and other problems. Difficulties due to the administrative reform and lack of jobs in the undeveloped sphere of labor and employment are shown. The prerequisites of current problems are analyzed. The evaluation of scientific-practical substantiation of reasonability of mass housing construction is made. On concrete examples, the insufficient social security of the population of the Moscow Oblast with infrastructural objects is analyzed. The substantiated estimates of experts of urban-planning policy on prospects of development of the Moscow Region are presented. It is indicated that the problems of Podmoskovye affect almost every citizen of Moscow, that’s why it is necessary to solve them in the context of interests and problems of Moscovites, competent administrative and management solutions providing the organization of the necessary interaction of territories of Moscow and Moscow Oblast, especially in the issues of their reasonable infrastructural, environmental, and agricultural-industrial development, are required. Conclusions about the necessity to meet modern urban planning norms, execution of complex, not infill, development of territories, about priority of social, road-transport, ecological, and national-cultural component are formulated.

Keywords: development of Moscow Region territories, road-transport problem, shortage of social infrastructure, administrative reform, ecological problems of region, urban-planning norms.

For citation: Zubanova S.G. Spontaneous development of territories of Podmoskovye (Moscow Oblast) and life quality of population: problems of social infrastructure, ecology, transport. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 22–28. (In Russian).

References
1. Sarchenko V.I. Concept of Rational Use of Urban Areas with Due Regard for Their Hidden Potential. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 11, pp. 9–13. (In Russian).
2. Filippova N.A., Shilimov M.V., Koshkarev P.P., Suslakova T.I. Problems of the motor transport at the movement in the large city. Science today: experience, traditions, innovations. Materials of the international scientific and practical conference. Moscow. 2017, pp. 46–48. (In Russian).
3. Zubets A.Zh. Improvement of a control system of quality of transport infrastructure of the city. Cand. Diss. (Economic). Moscow. 2016. 151 p. (In Russian).
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5. Victor A. Gnevko. Municipalities: roots of democracy and economics. Deerfield: Society and Science Press, 2012. 383 p.
6. Semenov A.S. Organization of Reconstruction of Social Infrastructure Objects. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 11, pp. 33–36. (In Russian).
7. Orlov E.V., Shipkov O.I., Ivanina A.A., Shul’pina A.V., Marzaev D.E. The errors of transport infrastructure of the cities leading to the social conflicts in society (on the example of Moscow and the Moscow region). Zhurnal sotsiologicheskikh issledovaniy. 2017. Vol. 2. No. 3, pp. 21– 26. (In Russian).
8. Oveshnikova L.V. Main aspects of the solution of problems of development of regional infrastructure. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki. 2015. No. 1 (141), pp. 32–37. (In Russian).
9. Makhrova A., Nefedova T., Treivish A. Moskovskaya oblast’ segodnya i zavtra. Tendentsii i perspektivy prostranstvennogo razvitiya [Moscow region today and tomorrow. Tendencies and prospects of spatial development]. Moscow: Novyi khronograf. 2008. 344 p.
10. Arustamov E.A., Gil’denskiol’d S.R. The analysis of a condition of the address with waste to Moscow area in a year of ecology of Russia. Otkhody i resursy: internet-zhurnal. 2017. Vol. 4. No. 2. https://resources.today/01rro217.html. DOI: 10.15862/01RRO217.
11. Skachkov P.A., Gorneva O.S., Shutov S.V., Gnatyuk K.V. Method for Determining the Development Potential of Built- Up Residential Areas. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 4, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
I.S. SHUKUROV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), D.N. MOROZOV, Engineer (dmi-92mir@yandex.ru) National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoye Highway, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Problems of Renovation of Industrial Zones in Urban Planning Industrial zones are a very great urban resource and the right choice of concept for their reorganization is important. It is possible to realize in case of reuse of an area – renovation. The article analyses the existing methods for the study of industrial zones and on the basis of this analysis concludes a complex approach to the problem of renovation which is based on such factors as social-cultural and ecological-social factors as well as resource saving and effect of radical changes in the urban environment. A retrospective analysis of the development of industrial zones, within the post-industrial historical period, is made and thus reveals a new stage of reorganization of these areas with the priority of formation of recreation functions. The main tasks are designated and some options of renovation of industrial buildings and their territories on the example of domestic and foreign experience are allocated. The article proposes a complex approach which involves the consideration of an object of renovation as an element of the unified urban planning structure.

Keywords: industrial zones, renovation, recreation zones, complex approach, retrospective analysis.

For citation: Shukurov I.S., Morozov D.N. Problems of renovation of industrial zones in urban planning. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 29–32. (In Russian).

References
1. Telichenko V.I., Lavrusevich A.A., Rubtsov I.V., Bogomolova T.G., Benuzh A.A.; Prirodovedcheskii slovar’ dlya stroitelei [A natural dictionary for builders]. Moscow: NIU MGSU. 2016. 512 p.
2. Telichenko V.I., Malykha G.G., Pavlov A.S. Vozdeistvie stroitel’nykh ob»ektov na okruzhayushchuyu sredu [The impact of construction objects on the environment]. Moscow: Arkhitektura-S. 2009. 264 p.
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6. Zharikov I.S., Skrynnik O.G. To a question of need of improvement of process and sequence of reconstruction. Strategy of sustainable development of regions of Russia: Collection of materials XX ІІ All-Russian scientific and practical conference. Novosibirsk: TsRNS. 2014. pp. 24–27. (In Russian).
7. Dinni K. Brending territorii. Luchshie mirovye praktiki [Branding of territories. The best world practices]. Moscow: Mann, Ivanov i Ferber. 2013, pp. 336.
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10. Kotlyarova E. V. Analysis of ecological and socio-economic status of industrial areas in the city of Rostov-on-don. Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. 2012. No. 1, pp. 104–107. (In Russian).
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17. Dubrovskaya S. A. Optimization of the quality of the urban environment, taking into account the environmental situation in urbolandscape. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territorii. 2013. No. 1, pp. 63–69. (In Russian).
International Scientific-Practical Conference «Innovative Technologies: Ways to Increase Interrepair Times of Service Life of Highways» (Information) . . . . . . . 33
I.S. KONSTANTINOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), A.V. ZVIAGINTSEVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (zviagintseva@bsu.edu.ru), O.A. IVASHCHUK, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) Belgorod State National Research University (NRU «BelSU») (85, Pobedy Street, 308015, Belgorod, Russian Federation)

Ranking of Russian Cities for Level and Temps of Development of Housing Construction On the basis of information of the Russian Federal State Statistics Service for 2003–2015, ranking of 125 cities for level and temps of development of housing construction has been made. The analysis was carried out among cities with a population over 100 thousand people according to the three indicators: the amount of work executed in the field of activity “Construction”, total area of residential premises per an inhabitant on average, commissioning of residential houses. To prepare the ranking, the method of intellectual analysis of data on the basis of presentation of objects states via the set of indicators analyzed and joint events of their simultaneous observation was used. The use of appropriate method made it possible to find calculation dependences for evaluating the state and trends in the development of objects. The results obtained can be used when developing and making management decisions in the field of housing construction.

Keywords: city, urban planning, housing construction, rating, event evaluation, ranking.

For citation: Konstantinov I.S., Zviagintseva A.V., Ivashchuk O.A. Ranking of Russian cities for level and temps of development of housing construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 34–37. (In Russian).

References
1. Glazychev V.L. Gorod bez granits [The city without borders]. Moscow: Territoriya budushchego. 2011. 400 p.
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7. Aivazyan S.A. Integral’nye indikatory kachestva zhizni naseleniya: ikh postroenie i ispol’zovanie v sotsial’no-ekonomicheskom upravlenii i mezhregional’nykh sopostavleniyakh [Integrated indicators of quality of life of the population: their construction and use in social and economic management and interregional comparisons]. Moscow: TsEMI RAN. 2000. 118 p.
8. Kagan P.B. Development of multidimensional model of the analysis of key indicators of investment and construction programs. Vestnik MGSU. 2009. No. 4, pp. 306–309. (In Russian).
N.P. UMNIAKOVA1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (n.umniakova@mail.ru); V.M. TSYGANKOV2, Director for innovations, V.А. KUZMIN2, Leading Engineer
1 Research Institute for Building Physics of RAACS (21, Lokomotivny proyezd, 127238 Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 ZAO «Factory LIT» (1, Sovetskaya Street, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Yaroslavl Oblast, 152020, Russian Federation)

Experimental Heat Engineering Studies for Rational Design of Wall Structures with Reflecting Heat Insulation At present, to provide high requirements for heat protection of external wall structures the heat insulation materials with a low coefficient of heat conductivity are used; their use don’t influence on heat losses due to the radiation process. Reduction in heat losses of a building is possible due to the use of reflecting heat insulation which reduces the heat flow passing through the external enclosing. To assess the efficiency of the use of reflecting heat insulation in the external wall enclosing structure, the experimental heat engineering studies have been conducted in the climatic chamber of NIISF RAACS. As a result, on the basis of experimental data the values of thermal resistances of air cavities having surfaces of materials with different coefficients of reflection of surfaces have been obtained. On the basis of the developed methodology and algorithms of calculation of the level of heat protection of air cavities with reflecting heat insulation and without it with the use of experimental date obtained, the efficiency of the use of reflecting heat insulation in external wall enclosings has been assessed.

Keywords: reflecting heat insulation, thermal resistance, coefficient of radiation, climatic chambers, experimental studies.

For citation: Umniakova N.P., Tsygankov V.M., Kuzmin V.А. Experimental heat engineering studies for rational design of wall structures with reflecting heat insulation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 1–2, pp. 38–42. (In Russian).

References
1. Fokin K.F. Stroitel’naya teplotekhnika ograzhdayushchikh chastey zdaniy [Construction the heating engineer of the protecting parts of buildings]. Moscow: AVOK-Press. 2006. 230 p.
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3. Umnyakova N.P. A heat-shielding of protective air layers with reflective thermal insulation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014. № 1–2, pp. 16–20. (In Russian).
4. Umnyakova N.P., Kuz’min V.A. Application of reflective thermal insulation in multilayered panels with effect of repeated reflection of a thermal stream. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. № 6, pp. 21–24. (In Russian).
5. Akhremenkov A.A., Kuz’min V.A., Tsirlin A.M., Tsygankov V.M. Power efficiency of a covering of an internal surface of rooms reflective thermal insulation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. № 12, pp. 65–67. (In Russian).
6. Stefanov E.V. Ventilyatsiya i konditsionirovaniye vozdukha [Ventilation and air conditioning]. Saint-Petersburg: AVOK Severo-zapad. 2005. 402 p.
7. Belova E.M. Tsentral’nyye sistemy konditsionirovaniya vozdukha v zdaniyakh [The central air conditioning systems in buildings.]. Moscow: Yevroklimat. 2006. 640 p.
O.D. SAMARIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (samarinod@mgsu.ru); K.I. LUSHIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), D.A. KIRUSHOK, Engineer National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yarislavskoye Highway, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Energy Saving Scheme of Air Treatment with Indirect Evaporative Cooling in Plate Recuperators A schematic diagram of an air conditioning unit, providing indirect evaporative cooling of supply air in the warm season with the use of the plate recuperative cross flow heat exchanger designed for heat recovery of exhaust air in the cold period, is considered. The modification of known variants of this scheme making it possible to apply the air humidifier designed specifically to increase the moisture content of the inflow under the winter conditions for direct evaporative cooling of the auxiliary stream in the warm period due to appropriate change of direction of air flows in the installation is proposed. A scheme of processes of air treatment in the plant on the I-d diagram is presented and its special case is investigated for the climatic conditions of Moscow and the optimal values of internal meteorological parameters in accordance with the applicable regulatory documents of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: air conditioning, evaporative cooling, humidifier, plate recuperator, heat excesses.

For citation: Samarin O.D., Lushin K.I., Kirushok D.A. Energy saving scheme of air treatment with indirect evaporative cooling in plate recuperators. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 43–45. (In Russian).

References
1. Kokorin O.Ya. Energosberegayushchiye sistemy konditsionirovaniya vozdukha [Energy saving air conditioning systems]. Moscow: LES. 2007. 256 p.
2. Kokorin O.Ya., Balmazov M.V. Energy saving air conditioning systems. Santekhnika, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie. 2012. No. 11, pp. 68–71. (In Russian).
3. Malyavina E.G., Kryuchkova O.Yu. Estimation of the energy consumption of the different central air condition systems. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzhya. 2014. No. 4, pp. 149–152. (In Russian).
4. Malyavina E.G., Kryuchkova O.Yu. Economic estimation of central air conditioning systems with different air treatment schemes. Promyshlennoye i grazhdanskoye stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 7, pp. 30–34. (In Russian).
5. Korolyova N.A., Fokin V.M., Tarabanov M.G. Development of recommendations on the design of energy efficient schemes of ventilating and air conditioning. Vestnik VolGASU. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura. 2015. Vol. 41 (60), pp. 53–62. (In Russian).
6. Paiho S., Abdurafikov R., Hoang H. Cost analyses of energy-efficient renovations of a Moscow residential district. Sustainable Cities and Society. 2015. Vol. 14. № 1, pp. 5–15.
7. Hani Allan, Teet-Andrus Koiv. Energy Consumption Monitoring Analysis for Residential, Educational and Public Buildings. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy. 2012. Vol. 3. № 3, pp. 231–238.
8. Jedinák Richard. Energy Efficiency of Building Envelopes. Advanced Materials Research. 2013. (Vol. 855), pp. 39–42.
9. Korolyova N.A., Fokin V.M. Application of air conditioning evaporative cooling in modern buildings. Vestnik VolGASU. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura. 2015. Vol. 39 (58), pp. 173–182. (In Russian).
10. Samarin O.D. Osnovy obespecheniya mikroklimata zdanii [Bases of providing microclimate of buildings]. Moscow: ASV, 2014. 208 p.
L.U. GNEDINA1, Candidate of Science (Engineering) (igasu_alex@mail.ru), A.А. MUCHKINA1, Student, A.N. LABUTIN2, General Director
1 National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
2 OOO “Polistirolbeton”, ( bldg.1, Lyskovo Village, Ivanovo District, 153518,Ivanovo Oblast, Russian Federation.

Construction of Ventilated Facades without Scaffolding in High-Rise Buildings The article considers the use of polystyrene concrete when constructing enclosing structures in ventilated facades in monolithic housing construction. The advantage of the proposed structure over the traditional technology of construction of suspended ventilated facades is the elimination of the scaffolding use from the technological process, which leads to reduction in price of an enclosing structure. The detailed description of the erection technology of external walls with arrangement of the ventilated faade without scaffolding and additional heat insulation is presented. Proposed solutions are confirmed by the RF patents. It is shown that the adjunction of window and door blocks to a body of masonry or a panel is a problem place in the enclosing wall structure designed therefore further scientific and structural developments need be executed in this direction.

Keywords: housing construction, filling insulant, polystyrene concrete, entilated faade, scaffolding, formwork,floor.

For citation: Gnedina L.U., Muchkina A.А., Labutin A.N. Construction of Ventilated Facades without Scaffolding in High-Rise Buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 46–49. (In Russian).

References
1. Fedosov S.V., Gnedina L.Yu. Zalivnoy uteplitel’ na osnove penopolistirola. V kn.: Nauchnye problemy sovremennogo stroitel’stva. Materialy XXX Vserossiyskogo nauchnotehnichescogo kongressa [The liquid insulation based on polystyrene concrete. V kn. Scientific problems of modern construction (Materials XXX of the All-Russian scientific and technical congress)] Penza. 1999, p. 142. (In Russian).
2. Gnedina L.Yu. Optimal’noe mestopolozhenie uteplitelya v mnogosloinykh ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiyakh. V kn.: Uchenye zapiski inzhenerno-tekhnologicheskogo fakul’teta IGASA [Optimum location of heater in the multilayered protecting designs. In prince: Scientific notes of engineering and technological faculty of IGASA]. Ivanovo: IGASA. 2000, p. 25. (In Russian).
3. Gnedina L.Yu. Z Zalivnoi uteplitel’ «LIKO» v trekhsloinykh ograzhdayushchikh panelyakh V kn.: Uchenye zapiski inzhenerno-tekhnologicheskogo fakul’teta IGASA [Optimum location of heater in the multilayered protecting designs. In prince: Scientific notes of engineering and technological faculty of IGASA]. Ivanovo: IGASA. 2006, p 39. (In Russian).
4. Svidetel’stvo ob otraslevoi registratsii razrabotki № 2867. Raschet temperaturnykh polei raspredeleniya potentsiala perenosa massy v trekhsloinoi stenovoi paneli [The calculation of the temperature fields of the potential distribution of mass transfer in a three-layer wall panels]. Fedosov S.V., Ibragimov A.M., Aksakovskaya L.N. Gosudarstvennyy koordinatsionnyy tsentr informatsionnykh tekhnologiy. Otraslevoy fond algoritmov i programm. Moskva, 2003.
5. Svidetel’stvo ob otraslevoi registratsii razrabotki № 4977. Raschet tolshchiny teploizolyatsionnogo (srednego) sloya trekhsloynykh stenovykh paneley (stena 2) [The calculation of the thickness of the thermal insulation (middle) layer of sandwich wall panels (wall 2)]. Fedosov S.V., Ibragimov A.M., Gnedina L.Yu., Ignat’ev S.A. Gosudarstvennyy koordinatsionnyy tsentr informatsionnykh tekhnologiy. Otraslevoy fond algoritmov i programm. Moskva, 2005.
6. Patent RF No. 74142. Stroitel’nyy blok iz legkogo betona [The construction block from light concrete]. Labutin A.N. Declared 15.10.2007. Published 20.06.2008. Bul. No. 8. (In Russian).
7. Patent RF No. 143759. Ograzhdayushchaya stenovaya konstruktsiya [The protecting wall design]. Labutin A.N. Declared 11.03.2014. Published 27.07.2014. Bul. No. 9. (In Russian).
8. Patent RF No. 164519. Ograzhdayushchaya stenovaya konstruktsiya [The protecting wall design]. Labutin A.N. Declared 15.03.2016. Published 15.06.2016. Bul. No. 9. (In Russian).
9. Gnedina L.Yu., Ibragimov A.M., Titunin AA, Labutin A.N. Polystyrene concrete blocks in industrial and civil construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 2016. No. 10, pp. 21–23. (In Russian).
Construction of an Underground parking (Information) . .. . . . . . . . . .50
S.V. YUSHUBE, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), I.I. PODSHIVALOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), A.A. FILIPPOVICH, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), (annafilich@mail.ru), R.V. SHALGINOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (2, Solynaya Square, 634003, Tomsk, Russian Federation)

Strength of Masonry of External Walls Made of Hollow Ceramic Stone Results of the study, on basis of which, strength and deformation characteristic of masonry were established by two methods are presented: by testing the ceramic brick, stone, and masonry mortar according to standard methods and fragments of the masonry of external walls under the static loading. The external walls of the 12-storey residential building were made of ceramic facing bricks and hollow ceramic stones. The results obtained made it possible to evaluate the masonry strength under compression and to establish the real reserve of bearing capacity of external load-bearing walls of a residential building.

Keywords: hollow ceramic brick, fragment of stone masonry, masonry strength under compression, stress-strain state.

For citation: Yushube S.V., Podshivalov I.I., Filippovich A.A., Shalginov R.V. Strength of masonry of external walls made of hollow ceramic stone. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 52–54. (In Russian).

References
1. Komov V.M., Lomova L.M., Ponomarev O.I. The use of hollow porous stone and brick in construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials]. 1999. No. 2, pp. 22–23. (In Russian).
2. Komov V.M., Ikoev O.S., Petrov A.V. Porousceramics. Sbornik: Sovremennye napravleniya tekhnologii stroitel’- nogo proizvodstva. Saint Petersburg: VITU. 2001. No. 4, pp. 82–86. (In Russian).
3. Derkach V.N., Gernosek V.N. Methods of assessing the strength of masonry in domestic and international practice, inspection of buildings and structures. Vestnik Belorusko- Rossijskogo universiteta. 2010. No. 3 (38), pp. 135–142. (In Russian).
4. Brinda L. Repair and InvestignationTechiques for Stone Masonry Walls. Constraction and Bilding Materials. 1997. No. 11, pp. 133–142.
5. Kabantsev O. Modeling Nonlinear Deformation and Destraction Masonry under Biaxial Stress. Part 2. Strenht Criteria and Numerical Expiriment. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2015, pp. 808–819.
6. Ulibin A.V., Zubkov S.V. Methods of control of strength of ceramic bricks in the inspection of buildings and structures. Inzhenerno-stroitelnyj zhurnal. 2012. No. 3, pp. 29–34. (In Russian).
7. Orlovich R.B., Derkach V.N. Estimation of masonry mortars strength during the examination of stone buildings. Inzhenerno-stroitelnyj zhurnal. 2011. No. 7, pp. 3–10. (In Russian).
8. KabancevO.V., Useinov E.S. Influence of level of normal coupling on process of plastic deformation of a stone laying in the conditions of two-axis tension. Vestnik TGASU. 2015. No. 6, pp. 78–88. (In Russian).
9. Nurguzhinov Z.S., Kopanica D.G., Kosharnova Y.E., Ustinov A.M., Useinov E.S. Pilot studies of the facilitated laying on the central and non-central loading. Vestnik TGASU. 2016. No. 2, pp. 107–116. (In Russian).
10. Kopanica D.G., Kabancev O.V., Useinov E.S. Pilot studies of fragments of a bricklaying on action of static and dynamic loading. Vestnik TGASU. 2012. No. 4, pp. 157–178. (In Russian).
11. Kabancev O.V., Tamrazyan A.G. The accounting of changes of the settlement scheme in the analysis of work of a design. Inzhenerno-stroitelnyj zhurnal. 2014. No. 5, pp. 15–26. (In Russian).
V.N. MASLYAEV, Candidate of Seienees (Engineering) (victor3705@mail.ru) Scientific Research Seismolaboratory (1, Akademicheskaya Street, 400074, Volgograd, Russian Federation)

The Building System of Volgograd Oblast Ignores Protection of Life of People in Buildings at Earthquake According to the requirement of CR (Construction Rules) 14.13330.2014 “Construction in Seismic Regions” (actualized SNiP II-7-81* “Construction in Seismic Regions”) (with Change №1) the main task for builders of Volgograd Oblast is erection of buildings of the raised responsibility for preservation of life and health of people at the earth-quake. However, provisions of some standard documents of the Russian Federation of a building content allow them not to do so. The article substantiates that earthquakes within the territory of Volgograd Oblast can be at any time and with much higher intensity in comparison with the standard intensity on the scale ОSR-2015 (General Seismic Zoning of the Territory of the Russian Federation). The management of Volgograd Oblast is proposed to introduce immediately the provision about probability of earthquake within the territory of the oblast in the regional law of Volgograd Oblast № 1779-ОD of 21 November, 2008 “On protection of the population and the territory of Volgograd Oblast against emergency situations of natural and anthropogenic nature”, to conduct scientific work on determining tectonic faults on territories of settlements for correction of seismic hazard.

Keywords: earthquake, tectonic fault, building, life of people, safety, seismic hazard.

For citation: Maslyaev V.N. The building system of Volgograd oblast ignores protection of life of people in buildings at earthquake. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 55–58. (In Russian).

References
1. Masljaev A.V. Seismic danger in territory of the Volgograd region is underestimated by standard cards ОСР-97 the Russian Federation at the expense of simplification of tectonic conditions. Seismostoikoe stroitelstvo. Bezopasnost sooruzhenii. 2011. No. 6, pp. 46–49. (In Russian).
2. Zonenshajn L.P., Kuzmin M. I, Natopov L.M. Tektonika litosfernykh plit territorii SSSR [Tectonics castsphere plates of territory of the USSR]. Мoscow: Nedra. 1990. 334 p.
3. Milanovskij E.E., Koronovsky N.V. Orogennyi vulkanizm i tektonika Al’piiskogo poyasa Evrazii [Orogennyj volcano and tectonics of the Alpine belt of Eurasia]. Мoscow: Nedra. 1973. 280 p.
4. Hain V. E, Lomize M.G. Geotektonika with geodynamics bases. Мoscow: The Moscow State University. 1995. 480 p.
5. Judahin F.N., ShChukin J.K., Makarov V. I. Glubinnoe stroenie i sovremennye geodinamicheskie protsessy v litosfere Vostochno- Evropeiskoi platformy [Deep structure and modern geodynamic processes in a lithosphere of the East European platform]. Ekaterinburg: UrО RAN. 2003. 300 p.
6. Platonov A.S., Shestoperov G. S., Rogozhin E.A. [Utochnenie seismotektonicheskoi obstanovki i seismicheskoe mikroraioni-rovanie uchastka stroitel’stva gorodskogo mosta cherez r. Volgu v Volgograde. 1a. Seismotektonicheskie issledovaniya] Specification of seismotectonic conditions and seismic microdivision into districts of a site of building of the city bridge through the river Volga in Volgograde. 1а. Seismotectonic researches. Mocow: CNIIS. 1996. 126 p.
7. Rejsner G. I., Ioganson L.I. Look-ahead estimation of seismic potential of Russian platform. Nedra Povoljya i Prikaspiya. 1997. No.13, pp.11–14. (In Russian).
8. Masljaev A.V. Analys of Provisions of the RF Federal Laws and Normative Documents Concerning the Use of the RF Maps of Seismic Hazards (ОSR-2015) in Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction]. 2016. No. 8, pp. 3–8. (In Russian).
Autoclaved Cellular Concrete – 10 Years of Industry Development Together with National Association of Autoclaved Gas Concrete (Information) . . . . . .60
N.S. SOKOLOV1,2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Director (forstnpf@mail.ru, ns_sokolov@mail.ru)
1 I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (15, Moskovsky Avenue, Cheboksary, 428015, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)
2 OOO NPF «FORST» (109a, Kalinina Street, Cheboksary,428000, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)

Electro-impulse Device for Installation of Bored-Injection Piles The developed electric pulse device (EPU) has the uniqueness and novelty in the technical solution for the use when installing bored-injection piles (piles-ERT). The EPU device makes it possible to produce piles-ERT with increased bearing capacity. Due to the presence of a high-energy capacitive accumulator with a switch that is connected to the discharger of the radiator of accumulated energy, the EPU is an original electro-technical structure. It is a unique high-performance aggregate for the installation of piles of increased bearing capacity, as well as for cementation of bases. The device has no analogues abroad. It is found wide application in geotechnical construction when erecting piles-ERT in pile fields, fencing of pits, cementation of bases, etc.

Keywords: energy capacity, pace voltage, unit of synchronization, bored-injection pile, electro-hydraulic shock, electro-discharge technology, piles-ERT, thrust bearing.

For citation: Sokolov N.S. Electro-impulse device for installation of bored-injection piles. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 62–65. (In Russian).

References
1. Patent RF 2250958. Ustroistvo dlya izgotovleniya nabivnoi svai [The device for production of a stuffed pile]. Sokolov N.S., Tavrin V.Yu., Abramushkin V.A. Declared 14.07.2003. Published 27.04. 2005. Bulletin No. 12. (In Russian).
2. Patent RF 2282936. Generator impul’snykh tokov [Generator of pulse currents]. Sokolov N.S., Pichugin Yu.P. Declared 4.02.2005. Published 27.08. 2006. Bulletin No. 24. (In Russian).
3. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About one method of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsi-onnykh svay-ERT. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov. 2015. No. 1, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
4. Sokolov N.S., Ryabinov V.M. About effectiveness of the appliance of continuous flight augering piles with multiple caps using electric-discharge technology. Geotehnika. 2016. No. 2, pp. 28–34. (In Russian).
5. Sokolov N.S. Metod of calculation of the bearing capability the buroinjektsionnykh svay-RIT taking into account «thrust bearings». Materials of the 8th All-Russian (the 2nd International) the «New in Architecture, Designing of Construction Designs and Reconstruction» conference (NASKR-2014). 2014. Cheboksary, pp. 407–411. (In Russian).
6. Sokolov N.S., Sokolov S.N., Sokolov A.N. Fine Concrete as a Structural Building Material of Bored-Injection Piles EDT. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 5, pp. 16–19. (In Russian).
7. Sokolov N.S., Viktorova S.S., Smirnova G.M., Fedoseeva I.P. Flight augering piles-EDT as a buried reinforced concrete structure. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 9, pp. 47–50. (In Russian).
8. Razevich D. V. Tekhnika bezopasnosti [Security regulation]. Moscow: Energiya. 1976. 488 p.
9. Fryungel F. Impul’snaya tekhnika. Generirovanie i primenenie razryadov, kondensatorov [Impulse technique. Generation and application of discharges, condensers]. Moscow – Leningrad: Energiya. 1965. 488 p.
V.A. KOVALEV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (vladimir@olimproekt.ru), A.S. KOVALEV2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
1 Gersevanov Research Institute of Bases and Underground Structures (NIIOSP) (59, Ryazanskiy Avenue, 109428, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 NPO «Olimproekt» (4, Zhukov Passage, 115154, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Installation of a Round Hollow Blunt Pile The article describes technological operations of the installation of a round hollow driven (jacked) open end pile with the widened base from pudded rigid earth material in weak waterlogged soils mainly. Main technological operations of the pile installation includes insertion (driving) of the pile with the end closed with a shoe-puncher at the set depth with a pile driver or jacking unit; insertion (driving) with an inventory guide pipe-stem with a changeable end of the shoe-puncher in the ground of the base with formation of a cavity under the pile end; installation of a shoe-widener in the inner cavity of the shoe-puncher with layered filling of rigid ground material over it with its compaction in a set volume or up to the failure with the guide pipe-stem tip with formation of the broaden base; immersion (driving) of the pile in the widened base with increasing its bearing capacity.

Keywords: driven round hollow pile, shoe-puncher and shoe-widener, weak waterlogged soil of base, inventory casing pipe with self-extracting tip, widened base from rammed stiff ground material.

For citation: Kovalev V.A., Kovalev A.S. Installation of a round hollow blunt pile. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 1–2, pp. 66–68. (In Russian).

References
1. Krutov, V.I., Tropp V.B. Fundamenty iz zabivnykh blokov [Foundations maid of driven blocks]. Kiev: Budivel’nik. 1987. 120 p.
2. Krutov V.I., Kovalev A.S, Kovalev V.A. Proektirovanie i ustroistvo osnovanii i Fundamentov na prosadochnykh gruntakh [Designing and installation of bases and foundation on collapsible soils]. Moscow: ASV, 2013. 544 p.
3. Krutov V.I., Kоvalev A.S., Kovalev V.A. Improvement of technologies of the device of driven piles in the punched wells. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva. 2015. No. 5, рp. 14–17. (In Russian).
4. Krutov V.I., Kovalev A.S, Kovalev V.A. Sovremennye konstruktsii i tekhnologii ustroistva fundamentov v uplotnennom grunte [Modern construction of foundations and technologies in soil compaction]. Moscow: Pero. 2016. 150 p.
5. Krutov V.I., Kovalev A.S, Kovalev V.A. Osnovaniya i fundamenty na nasypnykh gruntakh [Basements and foundations on the fillings of soils]. Moscow: ASV. 2016. 470 p.
6. Kоvalev V.A., Kovalev A.S. Process diagrams for installation of driven piles in penetrated wells. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie. 2017. Vol. 7. No. 1 (22). St. 2. http://nsojournal. ru/public/journals/1/issues/2017/01/02_01_2017.pdf (Date of access 18.01.2018). (In Russian).
7. Kоvalev, V.A., Kovalev, A.S. Specification of engineering proposals for foundations on compacted fills. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie. 2017. Vol. 7. No. 2 (25). St. 1. http://nsojournal. ru/public/journals/1/issues/2017/02/01_02_2017.pdf (Date of access 18.01.2018). (In Russian).
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