Table of contents
O.S. SUBBOTIN, Doctor of Architecture (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin (13, Kalinina Street, Krasnodar, 350044, Russian Federation)
Architecture of National Dwelling of Kuban and Belarus in the Context of Historical Process
The main provisions of the architecture of the folk dwelling in classical traditional form, reflecting the aesthetic ideals, tastes and preferences of their time are
considered. The relevance of the selected topic is determined by the need to preserve the unique cultural heritage for solving socio-cultural and socio-economic
problems. The national traditions of the becoming and formation of housing within the geographical boundaries of the study, namely the Kuban and Belarus, in
the process of a long period of development of the material and spiritual culture of these regions are revealed. The fundamental, enduring characteristics of the
structure of the urban and rural settlements under investigation are indicated. The analysis of local natural materials, the availability of which in these regions was
reflected in the arrangement of residential buildings, is made. A special role belongs to the spatial organization of residential areas, settlement systems, which
are a territorially integrated and functionally interconnected set of settlements.
Keywords: dwelling, evolution, tradition, culture, architecture, Belarus, Kuban, state.
For citation: Subbotin O.S. Architecture of national dwelling of Kuban and Belarus in the context of historical process. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2018. No. 7, pp. 3–9. (In Russian).
1. Subbotin O.S. The most important stages of the development
of the Kuban and the strategy of its development. Vestnik
MGSU. 2011. No. 2–2, pp. 14–18. (In Russian).
2. Tradicionnoe zhilishche narodov Rossii: XIX – nachalo XX v.
[Traditional dwelling of the peoples of Russia: XIX – early
XX century]. Moscow: Nauka, 1997. 397 p.
3. Kubanskie stanicy: ehtnicheskie i kul’turno-bytovye processy
na Kubani [Kuban villages: ethnic and cultural processes in
the Kuban]. Moscow: Nauka, 1967. 355 p.
4. Subbotin O.S. The development of settlement systems and
distinctive features in the layout of populated areas of the
Kuban. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing Construction]. 2014.
No. 11, pp. 16–22. (In Russian).
5. Subbotin O.S. The folk architecture of the traditional Kuban
dwelling. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing construction].
2012. No. 8, pp. 18–22. (In Russian).
6. Kositsky Y.V. Arhitekturno-planirovochnoe razvitie gorodov
[Architectural and planning development of cities]. Moscow:
Arhitektura-S, 2005. 648 p.
7. Chanturia Ju.V. Gradostroitel’noe iskusstvo Belarusi vtoroj
poloviny XVI – pervoj poloviny XIX v.: Srednevekovoe
nasledie, Renessans, barokko, klassicizm [Town-planning
art of Belarus in the second half of the XVI – first half of
the XIX century: Medieval Heritage, Renaissance, Baroque,
Classicism]. Minsk: Belorusskaya nauka,, 2005. 375 p.
8. Anikin V.I. Arhitektura sovetskoj Belorussii [The architecture
of Soviet Byelorussia]. Moscow: Strojizdat, 1986. 319 p.
9. Lazarev A.G. Arhitektura i gradostroitel’stvo YUga Rossii
[Architecture and Urban Planning in the South of Russia].
Rostov-on-Don: Terra, 2003. 314 p.
10. Subbotin O.S. Features of regeneration of quarters
of historical building. Zhilishnoe Stroitelstvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. No. 10, pp. 22–25. (In Russian).
E.T. ISMAIL, Magister (email@example.com), M.V. ZOLOTAREVA, Candidate of Architecture
Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (4, 2-ya Krasnoarmeiskaya st., St. Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation)
Traditional Housing of Palestine in the Period from 1516 to 1918
The traditional housing of Palestine in the period of the highest flowering of architecture, which fell on the period of the Ottoman Empire in 1516–1918, is
considered. During the period of Turkish domination, Palestinian cities have gone through many stages of prosperity and decline in architecture, and the
appearance of cities has changed throughout the whole period of the Ottoman Turks reign. Climatic factors of the organization of housing construction are
considered as one of the main in terms of space-planning and structural solutions at the early stage of the city development. The volume-planning solutions
of dwellings, traditional construction techniques, finishing materials and architectural details of buildings of 1516–1918 are presented. The periodization of
architecture of the period considered, the main typology of residential buildings in accordance with the volume-planning and structural characteristics, as well as
the time of construction are given.
Keywords: history of architecture, urban development, living space, architecture, residential buildings.
For citation: Ismail E.T., Zolotareva M.V. Traditional housing of Palestine in the period from 1516 to 1918. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2018. No. 7, pp. 10–15. (In Russian).
1. Vseobshchaya Istoriya Arhitektury v 12 tomah. Arhitektura stran
Sredizemnomor’ya. Mirovaya arhitektura [The General history
of Architecture in 12 volumes. Architecture of the Mediterranean
countries. World architecture]. Moscow: Kristall, 2002. 485 p.
2. Kilimnik E.V. The architecture of the castles of knightscrusaders
of the XI–XIII centuries in the middle East. Privolzhskij
nauchnyj vestnik. 2015. No. 10 (50), pp. 70–78. (In Russian).
3. Kozodaeva N. Istrian architectural forms. Analitika kul’turologii.
2010. No. 17, pp. 202–215. (In Russian).
4. Korotkova M.V. The history of the home: from ancient to
modern. Moscow: Novyj hronograf, 2013. 432 p.
5. Mirovaya arhitektura: istoriya, stili, napravleniya. Ogyust
SHuazi [World architecture: history, styles, trends. Auguste
Choisy]. Moscow: Eksmo, 2010. 540 p.
6. Pankratova A.A., Solovyev A.K. Problems of preservation
and use of historic buildings in the modern architecture of
the city. Vestnik MGSU. 2015. No. 7, pp. 7–16. (In Russian).
7. Halina F.R. AArhitektura. Terminologicheskij slovar’
[Architecture. Terminological dictionary]. Orenburg: IPK
GOU OGU, 2008. 202 p.
8. Chernyshev S.N., Elmanova E.L. factor of absence of wood
in the formation of the style of Muslim architecture. Vestnik
MGSU. 2015. No. 2, pp. 7–20. (In Russian).
9. Canaan T. The Palestinian Arab house. It’s architecture and
folklore. Jerusalem. Syrian orphanage press, 1933. 389 p.
10. Directory of Historic Preservation Center: Bethlehem. Cultural
Heritage Preservation Center. Bethlehem. 2014. 59 p.
11. Fuches Ron. The Palestinian house: The Ottoman connection.
The university of Warwick, UK 1996, pp. 148–157.
12. Moheisen Ahmed, Heritage Buildings: Models of Energy-
Saving Architecture, Scientific Lecture, Islamic University,
Gaza 2009, pp. 89–106.
13. Osama Al Essah. Marсus Nassar. The maker of the glories
of the Bethlehem urban. New Life. 2016. No. 35, pp. 3–4.
14. The Syriac Hosh. A rehabilitation project. Centre for cultural
heritage preservation, Bethlehem. 2013. 97 p.
Кровельный бизнес в России стремительно развивается. Основная причина этого роста — большое количество объектов, нуждающихся
в реконструкции. Во многих зданиях промышленного и жилого сектора капитальный ремонт не производился со времен СССР. Латочный
ремонт, конечно, выполнялся, но должного эффекта достигнуто не было. Многолетний эффективный опыт применения гидроизоляционных
мембран при реконструкции старых кровель на битумной основе показывает, что будущее не за ремонтом с заплатками, а за полной за
меной существующего гидроизоляционного покрытия плоских кровель на более современный гидроизоляционный материал.
A.A. HOODIN, Candidate of Architecture (firstname.lastname@example.org), O.V. ORELSKAYA, Doctor of Architecture
Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (65, Ilyinskaya Street., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)
Private Houses Architecture of Postmodern Epoch
The article has an overview-analytical character of the development of the private residential country houses architecture in foreign countries in the epoch of
postmodernism. Currently, it is relevant to comprehend contemporary creative approaches to the artistic aspect of designing suburban individual dwelling. An
analysis of the experience of the postmodern leaders, on a number of concrete examples, made it possible to determine the main ways and directions in search
of foreign architects – leaders of postmodernism. The break with traditions, with the environment, peculiarities of a particular place, the lack of plastic means
of the art arsenal in the new architecture of the beginning of the 21st century in the housing construction under the conditions of economic recession naturally
leads to increased attention to the author’s and stylistic concepts of postmodernists when designing houses. The article considers creative approaches of foreign
architecture masters, such as postmodern neoclassicism, neotraditionalism, and neo-regionalism, contextualism, metaphor, which make it possible to solve the
problems of the artistic side of the architecture of an individual suburban house.
Keywords: postmodernism, foreign architecture, architecture of suburban private residential houses, artistic and stylistic searches, leaders of postmodernism.
For citation: Hoodin A.A., Orelskaya O.V. Private houses architecture of postmodern epoch. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 7,
pp. 18–21. (In Russian).
1. Jenks Ch. YAzyk arhitektury postmodernizma [Language of
architecture of postmodernism]. M.: Stroyizdat, 1985. 135 p.
2. Jodidio P. Mario Botta. Koln.: Taschen.1999. 176 p.
3. Ryabushin A.V. Arhitektory rubezha tysyacheletij [Architects
of a turn of the millennia]. Moscow: Iskusstvo XXI vek,
2005. 82 p.
4. Vеntuгi R. Complexity and contradiction in architecture
[Complexity and contradiction in architecture]. New York:
Museum of Modern Art, 1966. 132 р.
5. Chait V.L. Klassicizm i postmodernizm. Arhitektura Zapada
[Classicism and postmodernism. Architecture of the West],
kn. 4. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1987. 77 p.
6. Hudin A.A. Postmodernistsy neoclassicism and its versions
in architecture of foreign countries. Privolzhskij nauchnyj
zhurnal. 2017. No. 4, pp. 110.
7. Hudin A.A. Michael Greyvz’s architecture in aspect of
postmodernism. Privolzhskij nauchnyj zhurnal. 2016. No. 1,
8. Tovbich V.V. Sovremennaya arhitektura-avtorskij stil’.
Sovremennaya arhitektura mira [Modern architecture –
author’s style. Modern architecture of the world]. V. 1.
Moscow – Saint-Petersburg: Nestor History, 2011. 128 p.
XIA QING, Master of Architecture (email@example.com), I.S. RODIONOVSKAYA, Candidate of Architecture (RodiIS@yandex.ru)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (26, Yaroslavskoye Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Organization of Modern Residential Space in Terms of Eco-Recreation in China
The negative ecological quality of the modern architectural environment under the conditions of active development of the sub-urbanization in most large and
largest cities of the world, forces the modern architecture to look for new optimization ways of its spatial organization. Principally, this improvement can be carried
out by an eco-dominant approach to the formation of any urban-architectural components of settlements – buildings, structures, objects of urban environment.
Architecturally, this necessitates the formation of the interior environment in terms of a full-fledged recreational aspect through the formation of special spaces
for recreation and leisure. Attention is paid to the formation of landscape objects – recreational “green” buildings, structures and phyto-components for recreation
and bio-restorative leisure of the population in the suburban environment by integrating the architecture and nature in a single architectural space – buildings
and structures, in order to form a highly efficient eco-bio environment, protected against negative anthropogenic influences. Currently, the «green architecture»
direction requires the development of scientific foundations of architectural space formation. In the XXI century, this is the most effective way to optimize the urban
environment necessary for the megapolises of countries which are in deep environmental crisis.
Keywords: landscape-recreational space, eco-recreation, greened space, urbanization, recreation environment, sub-urbanization, greening of buildings,
landscape-nature space, urban development, ecological crisis.
For citation: Qing Xia, Rodionovskaya I.S. Organization of modern residential space in terms of eco-recreation in China. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2018. No. 7, pp. 22–26. (In Russian).
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i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2008. No. 4, pp. 6–7.
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Evrazijskij soyuz uchenyh. 2016. No. 1–2 (22), pp. 138–142.
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to ecologize cities «to the maximum»? Ehkologiya i zhizn’.
2008. No. 11, pp. 44–47. (In Russian).
7. Bauer N.V., Shabatura L.N. Culture and tradition in the
landscape design of the urban environment. Cennosti i
smysly. 2014. No. 2 (30), pp. 155–161. (In Russian).
8. Sidorenko M.V. Prospects of organization of urban green
corridors in Minsk (Belarus). Aktual’nye problemy lesnogo
kompleksa. 2015. No. 43, pp. 138–142. (In Russian).
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spaces and ecosystems of the city. Gradostroitel’stvo. 2014.
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main varieties of the traditional Chinese garden. Vestnik
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universiteta. 2016. No. 6 (59), pp. 9–25. (In Russian).
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of the traditional Chinese garden. Vestnik Tomskogo
gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta.
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of leisure facilities in China. Vestnik Moskovskogo
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i tekhnologiya. 2012. No. 3, pp. 71–77. (In Russian).
19. Grosheva T.I. Planning structure of landscape and recreational
objects of different times and epochs and their role in human
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issledovaniya. 2017. No. 1 (9), pp. 80–87. (In Russian).
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for optimization of recreation nature management in
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of landscape and recreational spaces. Stroitel’stvo i
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strategic development of the Far East. Regional’nye
problemy. 2008. No. 9, pp. 105–110. (In Russian).
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L.Yu. VOROPAEV1, General Architect (firstname.lastname@example.org); V.P. MAMUGINA2, Candidate of Sciences (Pedagogical Science)
Design Problems in the BIM-Environment
The article considers design problems in the BIM-environment. Modern design is moving from the design of drawings in two-dimensional space to information
modeling. Design in the BIM environment makes it possible to optimize the process of design and implementation of an object. The transition to information
modeling involves solving a number of problems. Such problems include: retraining and training of specialists; organization of interaction of designers in the
software complex; change in the approach to design. This study provides an example of the transition of a design organization to a new software environment;
experience in retraining of employees; the difficulties encountered during the transition period and after the introduction of software based on BIM are
Keywords: BIM, design, software complex, information modeling, Archicad, Revit, BIM-manager.
For citation: Voropaev L.Yu., Mamugina V.P. Design problems in the BIM-environment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 7,
pp. 27–31. (In Russian).
1 OOO “Proekt Zebra” (36А, Mikluho-Maklaya Street, 117279, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 Tambov State Technical University (106, Sovetskaya Street, Tambov, 392000, Russian Federation)
1. Solovieva E.V., Selvian M.A. The main stages of the
introduction of information modeling technology (BIM) in
construction organizations. Nauchnye trudy KubGTU. 2016.
No. 11, pp. 110–119. (In Russian).
2. Moeller C.F. BIM Building Information Modelling. 2009.
3. Elfimova A. G. Investment analysis and cost estimation of
the project with the help of BIM. Integraciya partnerstvo i
innovacii v stroitelnoj nauke i obrazovanii sbornik materialov
mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. Nacionalnyj
issledovatelskij Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj stroitelnyj
universitet. 2017, pp. 418–421. (In Russian).
4. Barabanova T.A. Use of BIM-technology in the technical
maintenance of buildings. Integraciya partnerstvo i innovacii
v stroitelnoj nauke i obrazovanii sbornik materialov
mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. Nacionalnyj
issledovatelskij Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj stroitelnyj
universitet. 2017, pp. 807–808. (In Russian).
5. Ginzburg A.V. BIM-technologies during the life cycle of the
construction site. Informacionnye resursy Rossii. 2016.
No. 5 (153), pp. 28–31. (In Russian).
6. Valter F., ZHeltenkov A.V. Management of projects for the
development of medical facilities on the basis of informationmodeling (Building Information Modeling – BIM). Vestnik
MGOU. Seriya Ekonomika. 2015. No. 4, pp. 60–71.
7. Poluektov V. V. The Russian experience of applying BIM in
architecture and town planning. Sovremennye tekhnologii i
metodiki v arhitekturno-hudozhestvennom obrazovanii materialy
mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-metodicheskoj konferencii.
2016, рp. 179–181. (In Russian).
8. SHarmanov V.V., Mamaev A.E., Bolejko A.S., Zolotova Yu.S.
Difficulties of phased implementation of BIM. Stroitelstvo
unikalnyh zdanij i sooruzhenij. 2015. № 10 (37), pp. 108–120.
9. Reshetnyak S.P., Vasilev S.E. Experience in the use of BIMtechnologies
in the practice of LLC «SPB-GIPROSHAKHT”.
Gornyj informacionno-analiticheskij byulleten nauchnotekhnicheskij
zhurnal. 2015, pp. 327–334. (In Russian).
10. Shirinyan E.A. The experience of the study assignment in
the master’s program of MARS on the topic of information
modeling of buildings (BIM). Modern technologies and
techniques in architectural and artistic education. Materials
of the international scientific-methodical conference. 2016,
pp. 199–200. (In Russian).
11. Sakmarova L.A., Bahmisova M.A. Application of BIMtechnologies
in the educational environment of the building
faculty of the Chuvash State University. Zhilishnoe
Stroitelstvo [Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 10, pp. 11–17.
V.A. ZEMTSOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), I.A. SHMAROV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
V.V. ZEMTSOV, Engineer, V.A. KOZLOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Scientific-Research Institute of Building Physics of the Russian Academy architecture and construction sciences
(21, Lokomotivniy Driveway, Moscow,127238, Russian Federation)
Method of Calculating Time of Sun Effect Duration for Rooms of Residential and Public buildings
and Territories with Solar Maps
The sequence of calculation of insolation duration of rooms of residential and public buildings and territories according to solar maps for solar maps included in
the new GOST P 57792–2017 «Buildings and Structures. Calculation Methods for the Determination of Insolation” with the use of a shadow goniometer is stated.
The procedure of calculating the shadow angles for light openings and the construction of shading cartograms of the light opening is defined. The solar maps with
equidistant almukantarats developed for various geographic latitudes of Russia are provided. The prospects of the direction of calculation of insolation duration
by means of solar maps making it possible to determine both the insolation duration, and the duration of sun protection not only for normative calculation days
and months of the year but also for calculation days of any month of the year are noted.
Keywords: solar map, light opening, clerestory, calculation point, shadow angle, master plan, situation plan, shadow goniometer, sun protection, insolation,
geographic latitude, shadowing.
For citation: Zemtsov V.A., Shmarov I.A., Zemtsov V.V., Kozlov V.A. Method of calculating time of sun effect duration for rooms of residential and public buildings
and territories with solar maps. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 7, pp. 32–37. (In Russian).
1. Shmarov I.A., Zemtsov V.A., Zemtsov V.V., Kozlov V.A., The
updated method calculating time of sun duration for rooms of
residential and publicbuildings and territories with insolation
charts. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Constraction].
2018. No. 6, рр. 24–31. (In Russian).
2. Zemtsov V.A., Gagarina E.V. Ecological aspects of insolation
of residential and public buildings. BST: Bjulleten’ stroitel’noj
tehniki. 2012. No. 2, pp. 38–41. (In Russian).
3. Shmarov I.A., Zemtsov V.A., Korkina E.V. Insolation
Practice of Regulation and Calculation. Zhilishhnoe
stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 7, pp. 48–53.
4. Zemtsov V.A., Gagarin V.G. Insolation of residential and
public buildings. Prospects of development. Academia.
Arhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2009. No. 5, pp. 147–151.
5. Shhepetkov N.I. About some shortcomings of norms and
techniques of insolation and natural lighting. Svetotehnika.
2006. No. 1, pp. 55–56. (In Russian).
6. Fokin S.G., Bobkova T.E., Shishova M.S. Assessment of the
hygienic principles of rationing of insolation in the conditions
of the large city on the example of Moscow. Gigiena i
sanitarija. 2003. No. 2, рр. 9–10. (In Russian).
7. Kuprijanov V.N., Halikova F.R. About some shortcomings
of norms and techniques of insolation and natural lighting.
Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 6,
pp. 50–53. (In Russian).
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and sunlight penetration on office workers’ mood and
satisfaction. a novel way of assessing sunlight. Environment
and Behavior. 1991. V. 23. No. 4, pp. 474–493.
9. Daylight, sunlight and solar gain in the urban environment.
Littlefair P. Solar Energy. 2001. V. 70. No. 3, pp. 177–185.
10. Perceived performance of daylighting systems: lighting
efficacy and agreeableness. Fontoynont M. Solar Energy.
2002. V. 73. No. 2, pp. 83–94.
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zastroyki gorodov [Hygiene of daylighting and insolation of
buildings and urban territories of the cities]. Moscow: BRE,
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N.S. SOKOLOV1,2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Associate Professor, Director (email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Method for Calculation of Settlements of Large-Size Foundations under Increased Loads
The large operational experience and the results of long-term observations of the settlements of large-size foundations under increased loads show that the actual
settlements are much larger than the calculated values determined by the calculation formula for settlement based on the model of a linearly-deformed layer of
finite thickness. The material of the actual settlements of the constructed objects shows that the settlements curves consist of linear and nonlinear sections. The
linear section takes place for medium-compressible soils in the first half of the mean pressure PIImt. When PIImt is greater than 250–300 kPa, the settlement velocity
begins to increase as the load increases to its full calculated value. Then the settlement velocity passes to the stabilization stage. The increase in settlements
velocities should be explained by the increasing role of horizontal displacements in the general deformation of the base.
Keywords: non-uniformity of deformations, horizontal displacements, settlement velocity, linearly-deformed layer of finite thickness.
For citation: Sokolov N.S. Method for calculation of settlements of large-size foundations under increased loads. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2018. No. 6, pp. 38–42. (In Russian).
1 I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (15, Moskovskiy pr., 428015, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)
2 OOO NPF «FORST» (109a, Kalinina Street, Cheboksary, 428000, Russian Federation)
1. Sokolov N.S. Long-term studies of the processes of
deformation of foundations under heavy loads. Zhilishchnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 5, pp. 3–8.
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at high pressures on the base. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
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I.A. LADNYKH, Engineer (email@example.com)
Center of Scientific Studies and Test of Building Structures, Research Division, Belarusian National Technical University
(65, Nezavisimosty Avenue, Minsk, 220013, Belarus)
Experimental Studies of Operation of Timber Compressed-Bent Elements
of Built-Up Section with Ties in the Form of “CF-Casings”
Pliable connections of wood composite compressed-bent elements with the use of unidirectional carbon-fiber (CF) tapes on the epoxy matrix are considered. The
goal is set, tasks are developed for the implementation of the experimental study of wood composite compressed-bent elements. The method of manufacturing
and the process of hardening of wooden samples are described. The technique of field studies was developed: the scheme of loading of a compressed-bent
wooden rod was proposed. The results of experimental studies of wooden composite compressed-bent elements of full-scale dimensions are presented. A
comparison of the results of experimental study and computer analysis of the wooden composite compressed-bent element with the pliable tiess in the form of
unidirectional carbon fiber clips on the epoxy matrix is carried out. The ductility of the connection made of unidirectional carbon-fiber tapes with the epoxy matrix
for wood composite compressed-bent elements is estimated.
Keywords: ductile connections, composite casings, wooden elements, timber, bearing capacity, joints, tests.
For citation: Ladnykh I.A. Experimental studies of operation of timber compressed-bent elements of built-up section with ties in the form of “CF-Casings”.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 7, pp. 43–46. (In Russian).
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of wooden designs]. Moscow: Main edition of building literature.
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Leningrad: Gosstroyizdat. 1956. 309 p.
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pp. 5–12. (In Russian).
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buildings on frame technology. Stroitel’stvo i tekhnogennaya
bezopasnost’. 2017. No. 8 (60), pp. 55–60. (In Russian).
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of wooden compound beams. Sovremennoe stroitel’stvo
i arkhitektura. 2017. No. 4 (08), pp. 20–23. (In Russian).
6. Fedosov S.V., Kotlov V.G., Aloyan R.M., Bochkov M.V., Makarov
R.A. Experimental study of heat transfer processes in
a bolt dowel joints. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2016. No. 12, pp. 83–85. (In Russian).
7. Nemen V.N., Pastukhov A.V., Abdrakhmanova K.A., Kashkin
E.Yu. Research of work of glued wooden beams with
fiber glass fabric. Trudy universiteta. 2017. No. 3, pp. 63–66.
8. Lin’kov N.V. The «KM-gluing» connection for composite wooden
beams. Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2016. No. 17, pp. 10–15.
9. Lin’kov N.V. Soedinenie derevyannykh konstruktsii kompozitsionnym
materialom na osnove epoksidnoi matritsy i
steklotkani [Connection of wooden designs composite material
on the basis of an epoxy matrix and fiber glass fabric].
Moscow: MGS Publishing. 2012. 196 p.
10. Kopanitsa D.G., Loskutova D.V., Danil’son A.I. Research of
deformations of a glued beam from the wood strengthened
by carbon fiber with use of the digital optical VIC3D system.
Vestnik of the Tomsk State University of Architecture and
Civil Engineering. 2015. No. 4, pp. 135–142. (In Russian).
E.V. NIKONOVA, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org),
P.O. VECHTOMOV, 4th year Student, Specialist (email@example.com),
I.A. LADNYH, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University)
(12, Yaroslavskoye Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Technical and Economical Indicators of Enclosing Structures for Low-Rise Construction
The comparative analysis of 6 types of enclosing structures for low-rise construction – masonry, foam concrete block masonry, glued beam, timber frame,
LSTC – light steel thin-walled structures, as well as the relatively new material of GWP – glued wood panel having a high degree of prefabrication and making
it possible to use substandard plywood in its structure is presented. GWP can be adapted to the climatic conditions of the region, for example, contain a
heat insulation layer. The analysis was carried out according to the five-point scale for the following groups of parameters: physical parameters, construction
conditions, the availability of additional works and maintainability, economic parameters, probabilistic indicators. The results obtained make it possible to
recommend the glued veneer panel to the widespread use in individual housing construction; after emergency situations when it is necessary to quickly build fit
dwelling houses suitable for living ; for the erection of buildings in hard-to-reach areas.
Keywords: glued veneer panel, light steel thin-walled structures, foam blocks, brick, timber strip, timber frame, prefabricated houses.
For citation: Nikonova E.V., Vechtomov P.O., Ladnyh I.A. Technical and economical indicators of enclosing structures for low-rise construction. Zhilishchnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2018. No. 7, pp. 47–50. (In Russian).
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Comparative evaluation of enclosing structures for lowrise
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Ladnyh I.A. A Glued veneer panel of factory production as
a basic structural-force element of the framing of a quickly
constructed residential building. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 30–33. (In Russian).
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K.V., Titunin A.A., Ibragimov A.M., Gnedina L.Yu. Declared
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Androsov A.N. Problemy i tendencii razvitija malojetazhnogo
zhilishhnogo stroitel’stva Rossii [Problems and development
trends of low-rise housing construction In Russia]. Moscow:
Infrv-M. 2017. 238 p.
5. Ladnykh I.A., Ibragimov A.M. Comparative analysis of
methods and results of numerical calculations of plywood panel. MATEC Web of Conferences 26th R-S-P Seminar
2017 Theoretical Foundation of Civil Engineering. RSP
2017. Vol. 117. article number 00098.
6. Ladnykh I.A. Problems of modeling of triple-layer panel with
the filler of honeycomb structure. Theory and practice of
research and design in construction using computer-aided
design systems: materials I international scientific and
technical conference. March 30–31, 2017. Brest, Belarus,
pp. 92–94. (In Russian).
7. Ladnykh I.A. Review of the methods for calculating threelayer
panels with a honeycomb core. Actual problems of
modern construction: Collection of the 70th All-Russian
Scientific and Practical Conference. April 4–6, 2017. Saint
Petersburg. (In Russian).
8. Ladnykh I.A., Ibragimov A.M. Comparative analysis
of methods and and results of numerical calculation.
Construction – formation of living environment [Electronic
source]: collection of materials of the XIX International
Interuniversity Scientific and Practical Conference of
students, Masters, postgraduate students and young
scientists. April 26–28, 2017. Moscow, pp. 318–320.
9. Ladnykh I.A., Ibragimov A.M. Knots of wooden panel housing
construction. Bezopasnost’ stroitel’nogo fonda Rossii.
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