Table of contents
Use of Protective Planting Against Car Emissions in Residential Areas and Pedestrian Zones
V.V. BALAKIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
V.F. SIDORENKO, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering)
Volgograd State University of Architecture & Civil Engineering (1, Akademicheskaya St., Volgograd, 400074)
The article describes the results of in-situ observations and physical model experiments for dispersion of automobile exhaust pollutants by planted areas in
urban streets and roads. It is determined that formation of pollution bubbles in the air of a street is related to lower speed of air flow and its closed recirculation
conditioned by densely positioned buildings on both sides of the street. Structure and composition of protective planting is defined for better dispersion of car
emissions. Protective efficiency calculation methods are suggested for linear/strip plantation in pedestrian areas. Guidelines are provided for linear and strip
protective/decorative plantation structuring for bringing the environmental discomfort factors in residential areas down to the environmental standards.
Keywords: air pollution, motor vehicle exhaust, car emissions, planted area, protective plantation, dispersion, protective efficiency.
1. Rekomendatsii po modernizatsii transportnoy sistemy
gorodov. [Guidelines for modernization of urban transport
systems] MDS 30–2.2008. TSNIIP gradostroitelstva
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changes: postulates if the past and theories of nowadays”.
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turbulent exchange in the ground air. The problems of hydrometeorological
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Social-Cultural Aspect of Moscow Development in Historical Retrospective
S.G. ZUBANOVA, Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (4, Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, 125993, Russian Federation)
Main trends of the Moscow urban development and creation of comfortable living environment for Moscow residents in different historical periods are considered.
Traditional values and peculiarities of the Russian everyday culture in the organization of residential space of the city are marked. It is emphasized that the urban
development of Moscow before the beginning of the Soviet epoch was dominated by the system-forming idea – Orthodoxy. It is noted that the Moscow State was
originally formed on the basis of many nationalities that largely determined the architectural diversity of development. The emphasizes is made on the esthetic
and ordinary sides of creating the favorable urban environment, on the harmonic combination of the city development with natural landscapes – park zones and
building surrounding green zones. An evaluation of the up-to-day development of the capital from the position of formation of the social- everyday life culture of
citizens is made.
Keywords: urban development, creation of comfortable habitation, social wellbeing of citizens, city infrastructure, everyday life culture.
1. Zubanova S.G., Kuznetsova N.V., Panteleev I.V., Ruzanova
N.P., Fedorova N.V., Denisova L.E., Bezshleeva N.Yu.
Aktual’nye kontsepty sovremennosti: khristiansko-pravoslavnyi
podkhod. [Actual concepts of the present: Christian and
orthodox approach]. Moscow: INFRA-M. 2015. 224 p.
2. Zubanova S.G. A Role of Russian Orthodox Church in
integration and unity of the Russian society. Collection of
scientific articles and educational and methodical materials
«Ratio of the international and national law: theory, practice,
teaching problems». Sankt-Peterburg: Asterion. 2009,
pp. 172–182. (In Russian).
3. Alferova G.V. Russkie goroda XVI–XVII vekov. [Russian cities
of the 16–17th centuries]. Moscow: Stroiizdat. 1989. 216 p.
4. Kudryavtsev M.P. «Moskva – Tretii Rim». [«Moscow – The
third Rome»]. Moscow: Troitsa. 2007. 288 p.
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of religious appointment in the Russian Empire. Vestnik
Pyatigorskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo universiteta.
2012. No. 2, pp. 372–376. (In Russian).
6. Prokofieva I.A. Panel Five-Storey Buildings of the 1960s:
Demolition or Reconstruction – Current Trends. Zhilishhnoe
stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2015. No. 4, pp. 43–46.
7. Bogdanov V.S., Prosyanyuk D.V. Territorial expansion
of Moscow – strategy of development or unreasonable
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8. Boltaevskii A.A. The City convenient for life. Urbanistika.
2015. No. 1, pp. 1–9. http://e-notabene.ru/urb/article_16035.
html (date of access 19.03.14). (In Russian).
9. Ivanova-Veen L.I. A Residential House in Training Projects
of Moscow Architectural schools of the XIX – beginnings of
XX Century. Zhilishhnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing construction].
2015. No. 11, pp. 41–43. (In Russian).
V.S. FEDOROV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) Academician RAACS;
Vl.I. KOLCHUNOV2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering);
A.A. POKUSAEV1, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Calculation of a Distance between Spatial Cracks and Widths of Their Openings in Reinforced Concrete Structures
at Torsion with Bending (the 2nd Case)
1 Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (15, Obraztsova Street, Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation)
2 Southwest State University (94, 50 let Oktyabrya Street, Kursk, 305040, Russian Federation)
The method for calculation of a distance between spatial cracks and a width of their openings in reinforced concrete structures at torsion with bending (the 2nd
case – the compressed zone of concrete locates near the side edge of the concrete structure) is considered. Analytical dependences for finding the internal
stresses arising in two blocks, a block cut off by the section at the end of the spatial crack, and block formed by the spiral crack and the vertical section passing
along the compressed zone through the end of the front of spatial crack, have been obtained. The projection of a dangerous spatial crack is sought as a function
of many variables and has a clear physical interpretation in the form of multiple spatial sections the balance of which is influenced by parameters included in the
compiled equations. Among this multitude of sections there is a section to which the maximum opening width of spatial cracks will correspond. To determine the
real stress-strain state of concrete structures it is necessary to have the complete picture of crack formation in the process of loading. Various levels of spatial
cracks formation were considered, and formulae for determining the distance between them were also developed. Based on the design scheme, equations for
determining the distance between spatial cracks of different types and different widths of their openings have been obtained.
Keywords: reinforced concrete structures, torsion with bending, spatial crack, distance between cracks, width of spatial cracks opening.
1. Klueva N.V., Kolchunov V.I., Rypakov D.A., Bukhtiyarova
A.S. Residential and public buildings of industrially
manufactured reinforced concrete frame-panel elements.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015. No.
5, pp. 69–76. (In Russian).
2. Kolchunov V.I., Safonov A.G. Construction of the calculation
of reinforced concrete structures with torsional bending.
Izvestia Orel State Technical University. Series: Construction
and Transportation. 2008. No. 4, pp. 7–13. (In Russian).
3. Salnikov A.S., Kolchunov Vl.I. Computational model of
formation of spatial cracks of the first type in reinforced
concrete structures under torsion with bending.
Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2015. No. 3,
pp. 35–40. (In Russian).
4. Salnikov A., Kolchunov V.l., Yakovenko I. The computational
model of spatial formation of cracks in reinforced concrete
constructions in torsion with bending. Applied Mechanics
and Materials. 2015. Vol. 725–726, pp. 784–789.
5. Pokusaev А.А., Shawykina M.V., Kolchunov Vl.I. The second
stage stress-strain state of reinforced concrete constructions
under torsion with bending (first case). Stroitel’naya
mekhanika i raschet sooruzhenii. 2015. No. 5, pp. 26–31. (In
6. Kolchunov Vl.I., Zazdravnyh Je.I. Calculation model «dowel
joints effect» in concrete elements. Izvestiya vysshih
uchebnyh zavedenij. Stroitel’stvo. 1996. No. 10, pp. 18–24.
7. Bondarenko V.M., Kolchunov V.I. Raschetnye modeli
silovogo soprotivleniya zhelezobetona. [Computational
models of the power of resistance of reinforced concrete]
Moscow: ASV. 2004. 472 p.
8. Bondarenko V.M., Kolchunov V.I. Exposition of Ferroconcrete
survivability. Vestnik otdeleniya stroitel’nykh nauk RAASN.
2007. No. 5, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
9. Klueva N.V., Gornostaev I.S., Kolchunov V.I., Jakovenko
I.A. Method of calculating the deformation property of rod
reinforced composite constructions involving software
complex mirage – 2014. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe
stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 10, pp. 21–26. (In Russian).
10. Klueva N.V., Chernov K.M., Kolchunov V.I., Jakovenko I.A.
Durability of reinforced concrete composite constructions
and new failure criteria in the zone of oblique cracks.
Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 11,
pp. 36–40. (In Russian).
11. Fedorov V.S., Bashirov H.Z., Kolchunov V.I. elements of
composite reinforced concrete construction calculation
theory. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 2,
pp.116–118. (In Russian).
12. Kliueva N.V., Kolchunov Vl.I., Yakovenko I.A. Problem tasks
of development of hypotheses of mechanics of destruction
in relation to calculation of ferroconcrete designs. Izvestiya
KSUAE. 2014. No. 3, pp. 41–45. (In Russian).
Strength Criterion of Loaded and Corrosion Damaged Concrete at Plane Stress State
N.V. KLYUEVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Adviser of RAACS,
Vl.I. KOLCHUNOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), M.S. GUBANOVA, Engineer
Southwest State University (94, 50 let Oktyabrya Street, Kursk, 305040, Russian Federation)
A strength criterion and an algorithm of calculation of long-term strength based on the rheological model of concrete deformation of G.A. Geniev are presented for
loaded and corrosion damaged concrete at the plane stress state. A numerical analysis of the change in the limit of long-term strength of concrete with time with
due regard for the process of increasing its strength (concrete aging) and the process of concrete neutralization by aggressive environment and bio-corrosion of
concrete (corrosion of concrete) is presented. Dependences of ultimate and long-term strength of loaded and corrosion damaged concrete in time at the plane
stress state were studied for three characteristic cases of the loading of concrete. It is shown that the change in the ultimate and long-term strength of concrete
under the joint impact of aggressive environment and load depends on the level of loading at the high level of which it is reduced more intensively comparing with
the impact of the aggressive environment only.
Keywords: corrosion of concrete, strength criterion, long-term strength, environment and force impacts, plane stress state.
1. Bondarenko V.M., Borovskih A.V. Iznos, povrezhdenija i
bezopasnost’ zhelezobetonnyh sooruzhenij [Wear, damage
and safety of concrete structures]. Moscow: ID Rusanova.
2000. 144 p.
2. Kolchunov V.I., Kljueva N.V., Androsova N.B., Buhtijarova
A.S. Zhivuchest’ zdanij i sooruzhenij pri zaproektnyh
vozdejstvijah [Vitality buildings under supercritical conditions
impacts]. Moscow: ASV. 2014. 208 p.
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avalanche destruction of reinforced concrete structures.
Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzhenii, 2009. No. 5,
pp. 13–17. (In Russian).
4. Popesko A.I. Rabotosposobnost’ zhelezobetonnyh konstrukcij,
podverzhennyh korrozii [Serviceability of reinforced concrete
structures exposed to corrosion]. SPb: SPbGSU. 1996. 182 p.
5. Seljaev V.P., Oshkina L.M., Seljaev P.V., Sorokin E.V.
Himicheskoe soprotivlenie tsementnyih betonov deystviyu
sulfat-ionov [Chemical resistance of cement concrete to
action of sulfate ions]. Saransk: Izdatel’stvo Mordovskogo
universiteta. 2013. 150 p.
6. Kolchunov V., Androsova N., Kolchina T. Crack resistance
criteria for reinforced concrete beams with corrosion damage
in strength resource assessment. Applied Mechanics and
Materials. 2015. No. 725–726, pp. 740–745.
7. Kolchunov V., Androsova N. Durability corrosion concrete
at simultaneous manifestation of power and environmental
influences. Building and Reconstruction. 2013. No. 5, pp. 3–8.
8. Klueva N., Emelyanov S., Kolchunov V., Bukhtiyarova A. New
industrial energy and resource saving structural solutions for
public buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2015.
No. 725–726, pp. 1423–1429.
9. Liu Y. Modeling the Time-to-Corrosion Cracking of the Cover
Concrete Chloride Contaminated Reinforced Concrete
Structures. Virginia, USA. 1996. 128 p.
10. Klueva N., Emelyanov S., Kolchunov V., Gubanova M. Criterion
of crck resistance of corrosion damaged concrete in plane stress
state. Procedia Engineering. 2015. No. 117, pp. 179–185.
11. Kljueva N.V., Androsova N.B., Gubanova M.S. Strength
criteria for concrete with corrosion damage in complex stress
state. Stroitel’naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsii i
sooruzhenii. 2014. No. 1, pp. 38–42. (In Russian)
12. Bondarenko V., Myhal R., Yagupov B. Reserve factor and
environmental exposure in the context of structural safety of
buildings operating in aggressive environment. Stroitel’stvo i
rekonstruktsiya. 2014. No. 1, pp. 3–10. (In Russian).
13. Bondarenko V. M., Kljueva N.V. To calculation of structures,
changing the design scheme due to corrosion damage. Izvestiya
vuzov. Stroitel’stvo. 2008. No. 1, pp. 4–12. (In Russian).
14. Bondarenko V.M., Larionov E.A., Bashkatova M.E. Evaluation
of bending strength of reinforced concrete elements.
Izvestija OrelGTU. 2007. No. 2 (14), pp. 25–38. (In Russian).
15. Seljaev V.P., Neverov V.A., Seljaev P.V., Sorokin E.V.,
Yudina O.A. Predicting the durability of concrete structures,
including sulfate corrosion of concrete. Inzhenernostroitel’nyi
zhurnal. 2014. No. 1, pp. 41–110. (In Russian).
16. Kolchunov V.I., Jakovenko I.A., Kljueva N.V. Method of physical
models of reinforced concrete resistance. Promyshlennoe i
grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 12, pp. 51–55. (In Russian)
17. Bondarenko V.M., Kolchunov V.I. The concept and directions
of development of the theory of structural safety of buildings
and structures under the influence of force and environmental
factors. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013.
No. 2, pp. 28–31. (In Russian).
18. Chupichev O.B. Models of calculation of power resistance of
the ferro-concrete element damaged by corrosion. Stroitel’stvo
i rekonstruktsiya. 2010. No. 1, pp. 55–59. (In Russian).
19. Guzeev E.A., Mutin A.A., Basova L.N. Deformativnost’ i
treshhinostojkost’ szhatyh armirovannyh jelementov pri
dlitel’nom nagruzhenii i dejstvii zhidkih sred [Deformation
and fracture of compressed reinforced elements in the longterm
loading and operation of liquid media]. Sb. tr. NIIZhB.
Moscow: Stroiizdat, 1984. 34 p.
20. Seljaev V.P., Nizina T.A., Utkina V.N. Himicheskoe
soprotivlenie i dolgovechnost’ stroitel’nyh materialov, izdelij,
konstrukcij [The chemical resistance and durability of building
materials, products and structures]. Saransk. 2003. 47 p.
21. Berg O.Ya. Fizicheskie osnovy teorii prochnosti betona i
zhelezobetona. [The physical foundations of the theory
of concrete and reinforced concrete strength]. Moscow:
Gosstroiizdat. 1962. 96 p.
22. Stavskaja I.S. Parameters corrosion damage of concrete
in the tension zone of reinforced concrete structures in
the longitudinal section of cracking. Proceedings of the
Seventeenth International interuniversity scientific-practical
conference of students, undergraduates, graduate students
and young scientists. Moscow: MGSU. 2014, pp. 313–317.
23. Erofeev, V.T., Fedortsov A.P., Bogatov A.D., Fedortsov V.A.
Biocorrosion of cement concrete, features of its development,
assessment and forecasting. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya.
2014. No. 12, pp. 708–716. (In Russian).
24. Geniev, G.A., Pjatikrestovskij, K.P. Voprosy dlitel’noj i dinamicheskoj
prochnosti anizotropnyh konstruktivnyh materialov
[Questions continuous and dynamic strength of anisotropic
materials of construction]. Moscow: CRIBC. 2000. 38 p.
25. Geniev G.A., Kolchunov V.I., Kljueva N.V., Nikulin A.I., Pjatikrestovskij
K.P. Prochnost’ i deformativnost’ zhelezobetonnyh
konstrukcij pri zaproektnyh vozdejstvijah [The strength
and deformability of reinforced concrete structures under
supercritical conditions]. Moscow: ASV. 2004. 216 p.
26. Geniev G.A., Kissjuk V.N., Tjupin G.A. Teorija plastichnosti
betona i zhelezobetona [Theory of concrete and reinforced
concrete plasticity]. Moscow: Stroiizdat. 1974. 316 p.
Specific of Providing the Arctic Zone with Specialists of Architectural Profile
Ju.A. VARFOLOMEEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Research Laboratory of Building Expertise of Barents Region, ООО (21, Romana Kulikova Street, 163002, Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation)
The originality of the infrastructure development of the Arctic zone of Russia is analyzed in interrelation with problems of globalization and natural climate
changes. Requirements for training of specialists of architectural-construction profile for remote and hard-to-reach territories are formulated; shortcomings of the
legislative base in this sphere are revealed. The most significant factors influencing on the construction quality in the cold climate are considered. On the example
of Arkhangelsk Oblast and Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the consequences due to discrepancies of some legislative innovations are considered: professional
responsibility of architects is reduced, the sphere of their services is limited, their intellectual potential is used non-rationally. This resulted in the destruction of the
system of training of specialists of architectural profile in the Arctic zone.
Keywords: architect, creativity, structures, education, standards, Arctic zone.
1. Lukin Yu.F. Rossiiskaya Arktika v izmenyayushchemsya
mire [Russian Arctic in a changing world]. Arkhangelsk: CPI
NArFU. 2013. 281 p.
2. Global’naya bezopasnost’: innovatsionnye metody analiza
konfliktov. Pod obshch. Red. Smirnova A.I. [Global Security:
innovative methods of conflict analysis. Under the total. ed.
Smirnov A.I.] Moscow: Society «Znanie» of Russia. 2011. 272 s.
3. Ilyichev V.A., Kolchunov V.I., Bakaeva N.V. Contemporary
architectur-al-construction education in light of solving problems
of safety of life activity en-vironment. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2016. No. 3, pp. 3–9. (In Russian).
4. Il’ichev V.A., Emel’yanov S.G., Kolchunov V.I. i dr. Printsipy preobrazovaniya
goroda v biosferosovmestimyi i razvivayushchii cheloveka
[The princi-ples of transformation of the city in biosferosovmestimy
and developing human]. Moscow: ASV. 2015. 186 p.
5. Goryachkin P.V., Hayrapetyan N.E. Analysis of estimate and
regulatory pricing framework for the construction of the Ministry of
Construction of the new Russian edition, 2014. Expert-analytical
report. Moscow. 2014. 46 p. http://www.kccs.ru/docs/asr-doklad.pdf
Technical and Economical Evaluation of Thermo-Modernization
of Residential Buildings under Modern Conditions
A.D. SAMARIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Hwy, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Economic expediency of improving the heat protection of external enclosures of existing residential buildings in the course of their thermomodernization on the
basis of requirements of SP 50.13330.2012 under modern conditions is considered. Results of the calculation of the specific heat protection characteristic, capital
expenditures for heat insulation, and expenditures for heat energy at different values of resistance to heat transfer of main external enclosures for the group of
residential buildings are presented. The data obtained were analyzed, the conditions of cost recovery of heat protection improvement up to the minimal level
according to SP 50.13330.2012 with the use of total discounted expenditures when determining the operation cost of heat corresponding to climatic conditions
of the heating period regulated in SP131.13330.2012 have been identified.
Keywords: reconstruction, resistance to heat transfer, specific heat protection characteristic of building, capital expenditure, cost recovery time.
1. Samarin O.D. Substantiation of decrease of thermal
performance of building enclosures using the actualized
edition of the SNiP 23-02–2003. Zhilishchnoye Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2014. No. 3, рр. 46–48.
2. LiuG., Liu H. Using Insulation in China’s Buildings: Potential
for Significant Energy Savings and Carbon Emission
Reductions. Low Carbon Economy. 2011. Vol. 2. No. 4,
3. Jedinák R. Energy Efficiency of Building Envelopes.
Advanced Materials Research. 2013. Vol. 855, рр. 39–42.
4. Hou Hua Wang, Tao Zhang, Qiu Lian Xiao. Experimental
Study of Energy Saving Effect of Building Envelope in
Winter. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2011. Vols. 121–
126), рр. 2741–2747.
5. Gagarin V.G. Economical analysis of increase of thermal
performance level of building enclosures. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2008. No. 8, рр. 41–47.
6. Gagarin V.G. Macroeconomic features of justification
of energy saving measures during increase of thermal
performance of building enclosures. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 3, рр. 8–16. (In Russian).
7. Dmitriyev A.N., Tabunshchikov Yu.A., Kovalyov I.N.,
Shilkin N.V. Manual according to an economic efficiency
of the investments in energy saving measures. Moscow:
AVOK-PRESS. 2005. 120 p. (In Russian).
8. Samarin O.D. Once more on expedience of increase
of thermal performance of non-transparent enclosures.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 9,
рр. 56–59. (In Russian).
Comparative Assessment of Specific Heat Losses through Elements of External Walls of Residential Buildings
Determined by Different Methods
A.M. GAYSIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), S.Yu. SAMOKHODOVA, Engineer; A.Yu. PAYMETKINA, Engineer;
I.V. NEDOSEKO, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering)
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (1 Kosmonavtov Street, Ufa, 450062, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
The comparative assessment of results of the calculation of the reduced resistance to the heat transfer of external walls of a residential building of the development
typical for climatic conditions of the Republic of Bashkortostan was made according to methods of SP 50.13330. 2012 “Heat Protection of Buildings” and
SP 230.1325800.2015 “Enclosing Structures of Buildings. Characteristics of Thermal-Technical Heterogeneities”. The quantitative ratio of specific heat losses
through different parts of external walls of a residential house with average number of storeys, including thermal-technical heterogeneities, is shown.
Keywords: reduced resistance to heat transfer, heat protection envelope of building, specific heat losses, temperature fields, coefficient of thermal-technical
1. Gagarin V.G. Macroeconomic Aspects of Substantiation of
Power Saving Measures Aimed at Improving the Heat Protection
of Buildings’ Enclosing Structures. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2010. No. 3, pp. 8–16. (In Russian).
2. Babkov V.V., Gaisin A.M., Fedortsev I.V., Sinitsin D.A.,
Kuznetsov D.V., Naftulovich I.M., Kil’dibaev R.S., Kolesnik G.S.,
Karanaeva R.Z., Savateev E.B., Dolgodvorov V.A., Gusel’nikova
N.E., Gareev R.R. The heateffective designs of external walls of
buildings applied in practice of design and construction of the
Republic of Bashkortostan. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2006. No. 5, pp. 43–47. (In Russian).
3. Nedoseko I.V., Babkov V.V., Aliev R.R., Kuz’min V.V.
Application of a constructional and heat-insulating Haydite
Concrete in low construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2008. No. 3, pp. 26-28. (In Russian).
4. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Requirements for Thermal Protection
and Energy Efficiency in the Draft of the Updated SNiP «Thermal
Protection of Buildings». Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2011. No. 8, pp. 2–7. (In Russian).
5. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Theoretical Preconditions for
Calculation of Reduced Resistance to Heat Transfer of
Enclosing Structures. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2010. No. 12, pp. 4–12. (In Russian).
6. Gagarin V.G. Energy should be spent! Energiya: ekonomika,
tekhnika, ekologiya. 2009. No. 2, pp. 2–8. (In Russian).
7. Gagarin V.G., Dmitriev K.A. Accounting Heat Engineering
Heterogeneities When Assessing the Thermal Protection of
Enveloping Structures in Russia and European Countries. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 14–16. (In Russian).
Structural-Functional Scheme of Automation of High-Speed Installation of Buildings
of Increased Prefabrication Modules
S.A. SYCHEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (4, 2nd Krasnoarmeiskaya Street, 190005, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Neither the level of technological equipment, nor methods for controlling the position of design in space meet the growing demands of production. The resolution
of emerging problems is only possible with an integrated automation of process of installation of building structures and, first of all, operations associated with
pre-installation and alignment of building structures. In general, the automated control system of technological process provides automated collection and
processing of information necessary to optimize the management of an object in accordance with the adopted criteria, and implementation of control actions on
the process of construction of buildings of modular systems. The control object is a set of technological equipment and the technological process of mounting
modules implemented on the basis of appropriate algorithms and regulations. Systems, built-in blocks of direct interaction with the operator, must contain lasers
with emission wavelength in the visible range. It provides optimal conditions for the analysis of current state of installation, minimization of the nomenclature of
used measuring and information system equipment is realized.
Keywords: quick assembly, unified modular constructions, prefabricated in the factory, prefabricated modular buildings, high speed of construction.
1. Afanas’ev A.A. Tehnologija vozvedenija polnosbornyh zdanij
[Technology of construction of prefabrication buildings].
Mosсow: ASV, 2000. 287 р.
2. Afanas’ev A.V., Afanas’ev V.A. Organizacija stroitel’stva
bystrovozvodimyh zdanij i sooruzhenij. Bystrovozvodimye i
mobil’nye zdanija i sooruzhenija: perspektivy ispol’zovanija
v sovremennyh uslovijah [The organization of construction
of the fast-built buildings and constructions. The fast-built
and mobile buildings and constructions: prospects of use
in modern conditions]. SPb.: Strojizdat. 1998, рр. 226–230.
3. Verstov V.V., Badyin G.M. Features of design and
construction of buildings and constructions in St. Petersburg.
Vestnik gragdanskih ingenerov. 2010. No. 1, рр. 96–105.
4. Nikolaev S.V. SPKD – system of construction of housing
for future generations. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2013. No. 1, pp. 7–15. (In Russian).
5. Tikhomirov B.I., Kites A.N., Shakirov R.A. Universal system
of large-panel housing construction with multiple plannings
of apartments and their various combinations in a basic
design of block section. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 13–20. (In Russian).
6. Sychev S.A. Modelirovanie tekhnologicheskikh protsessov
uskorennogo montazha zdanii iz modul’nykh sistem.
Montazhnye i special’nye raboty v stroitel’stve. 2015. No. 11,
pp. 18–25. (In Russian).
7. Sychev S.A. System analysis technology of high-speed
construction in Russia and abroad. Perspektivy nauki. 2015.
No. 9, pp. 45–53. (In Russian).
8. Viscomi B.V., Michalerya W.D., Lu L.W. Automated
construction in the ATLSS integrated building systems.
Automation in construction. 1994. No. 3, рр. 35–43.
9. Fudge J., Brown S. Prefabricated modular concrete
construction. Building engineer. 2011. No. 86(6), pp. 20–21.
10. Knaack U., Chung-Klatte Sh., Hasselbach R. Prefabricated
systems: Principles of construction. De Gruyter. 2012. 67 p.
T.P. YAKOVLEVA1, Doctor of Sciences (Medicine), M.A. KALITINA1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) ,
E.A. NOVOKHATSKAYA1, Candidate of Sciences (Medicine)
G.N. TIKHONOVA2, Doctor of Sciences (Biology)
Assessment of Carcinogenic Risk under Impact of Chemical Factor in Construction
1 Russian State Social University (4, structure 1, Vilgelma Pika Street, 129226, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 Research Institute of Occupational Health (31, Budennogo Avenue, 105275, Moscow, Russian Federation)
The article considers the impact of chemical factor on workers in the construction industry. Calculations of the individual carcinogenic risk for employees with
different length of employment with due regard for using individual protection means (IPM) by them are presented. It is shown that IPM reduce the carcinogenic
risk but don’t provide sufficient protection of the worker under the impact of organic solvents.
Keywords: labor conditions, individual carcinogenic risk, chemical substances, organic solvents.
1. Kuznetsova N.S., Masyukova L.V. The major dangerous
and harmful production factors at an assessment of
professional risks in construction activity. Internetvestnik
VolgGASU. 2010. Iss. 3 (13). http://vestnik.vgasu.
ru/?source=4&articleno=479 (date of access 02.04.2016).
2. Tshovrebov E.S., Velichko E.G. Environmental Protection
and Health of the Person in the Process of the Circulation
of Building Materials. Stroitel’nye Мaterialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 99–103. (In Russian).
3. Ilnitskiy A.P., Stepanov S.A., Pilishenko V.A. Occupational
cancer in the Russian Federation: аnalysis of problem
(2003–2007). Pervichnaya profilaktika raka. 2008. No. 1–2,
pp. 17–21. (In Russian).
4. Serebryakov P.V. Occupational cancer risk. Aspects.
Expertises. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2015. No. 2, pp. 69–72.
5. Fedotova I.V., Chernikova E.F., Kuznetsova L.V.,
Ippolitova V.P., Petrova I.A. Cancer risk assessment in a
group of traffic officers. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2011. No. 3,
pp. 30–33. (In Russian).
6. Voloshin I.A. Professional incidence in construction branch:
facts and statistics. Spravochnik spetsialista po okhrane
truda. 2012. No. 10, pp. 36–43. (In Russian).
7. Kaptsov V.A., Pankova V.B., Vilk M.F. Assessment of
occupational risk in transport workers. Gigiena i sanitariya.
2011. No. 1, pp. 54–57. (In Russian).
8. Kostenko N.A. Working conditions and occupational
morbidity in some branches of economic activity of Russian Federation in 2004–2013. Meditsina truda i promyshlennaya
ekologiya. 2015. No. 4, pp. 43–45. (In Russian).
9. Kalitina M.A., Kazmina A.V., Arslanbekova F.F. Influence
of Complex Multicomponent Additives on Properties of a
Cement Stone and Concrete. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2015. No. 3, pp. 23–26. (In Russian).
10. Gurvich V.B., Kuzmin S.V., Yarushin S.V., Dikonskaya O.V.,
Nikonov B.I., Malykh O.L., Kochneva N.I., Derstuganova T.M.
Methodological approaches to the assurance of sanitaryepidemiological
welfare on the base of the methodology of
population’s health risk management. Gigiena i sanitariya.
2015. No. 2, pp. 82–88. (In Russian).
11. Novikov S.M., Shashina T.A., Dodina N.S., Kislitsyn V.A.,
Vorobiova L.M., Goryaev D.V., Tikhonova I.V., Kurkatov S.V.
Comparative assessment of the multimedia cancer health
risks caused by contamination of the Krasnoyarsk krai
regions’ environment. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2015. No. 2,
pp. 88–93. (In Russian).
12. Onishchenko G.G., Novikov S.M., Rahmanin Yu.A.,
Avaliani S.L., Bushtuyeva K.A. Osnovy otsenki riska
dlya zdorov’ya naseleniya pri vozdeistvii khimicheskikh
veshchestv, zagryaznyayushchikh okruzhayushchuyu sredu
[Risk assessment bases for health of the population at
influence of the chemicals polluting environment]. Moscow:
NII ECh i GOS. 2002. 408 p.
13. Chuenkova G.A., Karelin A.O., Askarov R.A., Askarova Z.F.
Evaluation of the air pollution health risk for the population of
the city of Ufa. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2015. No. 3, pp. 24–29. (In Russian).
Critical Analysis of Answers to the Article About Unsuitability of Federal State Educational Standards
of Higher Education in the Field of «Construction»
A.V. MASLYAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering
(1, Academicheskaya Street, 400074, Volgograd, Russian Federation)
The development of society in Russia depends largely on the level of higher education. That’s why all the federal state standards of higher education must contain
requirements to knowledge of graduates at the level of science achievements. As it is known, a part of graduates of higher education should join the ranks of top
scientists of Russia. But the analysis of two federal state educational standards of higher education in the field of “Construction” 08.03.01 (Bachelor level) and
08/04.01 (Master level) in the article “Analysis of Federal State Educational Standards of Higher Education in the Field of Training “Construction” by A.V. Maslyaev
(Housing Construction, 2015, № 12, pр. 21–25) shows that at present standards unfit for training. The article has been sent for review to the RF Ministry of
Education and Science, the RF Ministry of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector (Minstroy RF), the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS RF). The
author received the answers of approximately the same content from these authorities in which it is explained that none of these establishments must be engaged
in specified educational standards. Disagreement with these responses prompted the author to bring them for discussion with readers.
Keywords: educational standard, buildings and structures, earthquake, construction.
1. Masljaev A.V. Aanalys of federal state educational
standards of higher education in a direction of preparation
«Building». Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing
construction]. 2015. No. 12, pp. 21–25. (In Russian).
2. Maslyaev A.V. Preservation of human health, being
in buildings at Earthquake. Prirodnye i tekhnogennye
riski. Bezopasnost’ sooruzhenii. 2014. No. 2, pp. 38–42.
3. Маslyaev А.V. Парадигма of the Federal laws and
normative documents of Russian Federation for antiseismic
protection of buildings of the raised responsibility at
earthquake. Vestnik VolgGASU: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura.
2015. No. 41 (60), pp. 74–84. (In Russian).
4. Маslyaev А.V. The analysis парадигмы СП 14.13330.2014
on maintenance сейсмозащиты of buildings of the raised
responsibility at earthquake. Zhilishnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing construction]. 2015. No. 8, pp. 51–55. (In Russian).
5. Masljaev A.V. Рrotection of settlements of Russia from
influence of the dangerous natural phenomena. Zhilishnoe
Stroitel’stvo [Housing construction]. 2014. No. 4, pp. 40–43.
6. Rzhevskiy VA. Main reasons for serious consequences
of the Spitak earthquake of 7.12.1988. Arkhitektura
i stroitel’stvo Uzbekistana.1990. No. 1, pp. 13–15.
7. Ulomov V.I. Zemletryaseniye in Armenia: elements and
responsibility. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Uzbekistana.1989.
No. 12, pp. 1–4. (In Russian).
8. Rashidov T.R. Zemletryaseniye Spitak 88 (preliminary
results). Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Uzbekistana.1989.
No. 12, pp. 4–7. (In Russian).
9. Ayzenberg Ya.M. Two destructive earthquakes in Turkey
for three mesyaets of 1999. Seismostoikoe stroitel’stvo.
Bezopasnost’ sooruzhenii. 2000. No. 1, pp. 54–57.
10. Nazarov Yu.P., Ayzenberg Ya.M. Researches TsNIISK
on seismic stability of constructions. Theory, experiment,
practice. Seismostoikoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’
sooruzhenii. 2006. No. 5, pp. 16–20. (In Russian).