Table of contents
A.A. SEMENOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), General Director (firstname.lastname@example.org)
OOO «GS-Expert» (18, Off. 207, 1-st Tverskoy-Yamskoy Pereulok, 125047, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Construction and Building Materials Industry in 2017. Short-Term Forecast
The article presents information on the state and main trends of the development of the Russian economy, the construction complex and the building materials industry.
Data on volumes and dynamics of construction works are submitted, volumes of construction of residential and non-residential buildings, volumes and dynamics of mortgage
lending and bank financing of construction companies, the dynamics of production of basic types of building materials.
Keywords: construction, building materials industry, market analysis.
For citation: Semenov A.A. Construction and building materials industry in 2017. Short-term forecast. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 5, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
V.A. GUR’EVA1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), (email@example.com), A.V. DOROSHIN1, Engineer,
V.V.DUBINETSKIY1, Engineer; A.I. KUDYAKOV2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering)
Formation of the Phase Composition of Ceramic Stone with the Use of High-Calcium Drill Cuttings
Results of producing the wall ceramic on the basis of the composition of low-melting clay raw materials-loam- and a high calcium component – drill cuttings (СDС) in the amount
of 30% are presented. The research conducted made it possible to establish the influence of chemical-mineralogical composition, fineness of raw material grinding on the conversion
of initial components in the course of burning and formation of the phase composition of ceramics. It is revealed that the thermal processes, occurring in the ceramic product
with different content of CaO and Fe2O3, impact on the mechanism and intensity of the formation of crystal phases, structure and properties of ceramic bricks. At this, the temperature
of new formations reduces due to the fact that, when CDC dissociates, CaO, which is actively involved in the crystallization of anorthite- and wollastonite-like phases, is
formed. Phase and structural changes described make it possible to produce the ceramic brick on the basis of the calcium-containing additive, drill cuttings, with standard physical
and mechanical properties.
Keywords: ceramic brick, decarbonization, crystal phase, drill cuttings, new formations, calcium carbonate..
For citation: Gur’eva V.A., Doroshin A.V., Dubinetskiy V.V., Kudyakov A.I. Formation of the phase composition of ceramic stone with the use of high-calcium drill cuttings. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 00–00. (In Russian).
1 Orenburg State University (13, Avenue Pobedi, Orenburg, 460018, Russian Federation)
2 Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (2, Solyanaya Square, Tomsk, 634003, Russian Federation)
1. Kara-sal B.K.O., Seren Sh.V. The state and problems of
the production of ceramic wall materials using low-grade
clay rocks. Vestnik Tuvinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.
№ 3 Tekhnicheskie i fiziko-matematicheskie nauki.
2015. No. 3 (26), pp. 7–13. (In Russian).
2. Karpacheva A.A. Expanding the raw material base of the
ceramic industry. Waste management is the basis for restoring
ecological balance in the Kuzbass. Collection of reports
of the Second International Scientific and Practical
Conference. Novokuznetsk. 08–10 October 2008,
pp. 116–120. (In Russian).
3. Portal of the Government of the Orenburg region: Plan of
measures of the Government of the Orenburg region for
the implementation of the Strategy of social and economic
development of the Volga Federal District for the
period until 2020 in the territory of the Orenburg region.
www.orenburg-gov.ru/strateg/2030. (In Russian).
4. Kuvykin N.A., Bubnov A.G., Grinevich V.I. Opasnye
promyshlennye otkhody [Hazardous industrial waste].
Ivanovo: Ivanovo State University of Chemical
Technology. 2004. 148 p.
5. Gurieva V.A., Dubinetsky V.V., Vdovin K.M. Drilling
slurry in production of building ceramic products.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015.
No. 4, pp. 75–76. (In Russian).
6. Dubynetsky V.V., Guryeva V.A., Vdovin K.М. The use of
drill cuttings as a guard for the production of ceramic
bricks. Materials of the All-Russian Scientific and
Methodological Conference – OSU. 2014, pp. 145–147.
7. Yatsenko N.D., Zubekhin A.P. Scientific bases of innovative
technologies of ceramic bricks and the management
of its properties depending on chemical and mineralogical
composition of materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 4, pp. 28–31.
8. Luginina I.G. Khimiya i khimicheskaya tekhnologiya
neorganicheskikh vyazhushchikh materialov. Ch.1.
[Chemistry and chemical technology of inorganic binders.
Part 1]. Belgorod: Publishing house BSTU named
after V.G. Shukhov. 2004. 240 p.
9. Yatsenko N.D., Zubekhin A.P., Golovanova S.P.,
Likhota O.V., Vil’bitskaya N.A. Influence of the nature of
raw materials and mineralizers on sintering of ceramic
masses. Vestnik BGTU. 2003. No. 5. Part 2, pp. 287–289.
10. Brook R.I. Principles for the production of ceramics with
improved chemical characteristics. British Ceramic
Society. 1982. No. 32.
V.D. KOTLYAR, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), G.A. KOZLOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
O.I. ZHIVOTKOV, (firstname.lastname@example.org), K.A. LAPUNOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Don State Technical University (1, Gagarina Square, Rostov-on-Don, 344000, Russian Federation).
Prospects of the Use of Siliceous Opoka-Like Rocks for Production
of Paving Clinker of Low-Temperature Sintering
Results of the study of possibilities to produce the paving clinker on the basis of siliceous opoka-like rocks are presented. The general characteristic of these rocks and their carbonateclayey
types is given. It is shown that the introduction of mineralizers in the amount of 1% makes it possible to produce products with water-absorption less than 2.5% at a burning
temperature of 1050–1100оC. The products obtained meet the requirements of normative documents and have a yellow or dark-yellow color. It is established that the main technological
factors when producing the clinker brick are the burning temperature of products, the degree of grinding of the initial rock and the amount of mineralizing additive. Taking into account
the properties of clay-carbonate flasks, the method for producing products can be both as an extrusion and compression. Technical-economic calculations show a high efficiency of
investments in the production of road clinker brick on the basis of flasks.
Keywords: paving clinker, opoka, mineralizer, grain composition, burning, strength, water absorption.
For citation: Kotlyar V.D., Kozlov G.A, Zhivotkov O.I., Lapunova K.A. Prospects of the use of siliceous opoka-like rocks for production of paving clinker of low-temperature sintering.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 13–16. (In Russian).
1. Kotlyar V.D. Stenovaya keramika na osnove kremnistykh
opal-kristobalitovykh porod – opok [Wall ceramics on
the basis of siliceous opal-kristobalit of rocks – a opoks].
Rostov-on-Don: Rostov state University of civil engineering.
2011. 277 p.
2. Bondariyk A.G., Kotlyar V.D. Wall ceramics on a basis
the opoks of siliceous-carbonate rocks and artificial siliceous
and carbonate compositions. Izvestiya vysshikh
uchebnykh zavedenii. Stroitel’stvo. 2010. No. 7, pp. 18–
24. (In Russian).
3. Talpa B.V., Kotlyar V.D., Terekhina U.V. Assessment
siliceous the opoks of rocks for production of a ceramic
brick. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2010. No. 12, pp. 20–22. (In Russian).
4. Kotlyar V.D. Siliceous opoka-like rocks of the Krasnodar
Krai is a perspective raw material for wall ceramic.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010.
No. 4, pp. 34–36. (In Russian).
5. Kotlyar V.D. Classification siliceous the opoks of rocks
as raw materials for production of wall ceramics.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2009.
No. 3, pp. 36–39. (In Russian).
6. Lapunova K.A., Kotlyar V.D. Tehnologija i dizajn licevyh
izdelij stenovoj keramiki na osnove kremnistyh opokovidnyh
porod. [Technology and design of front products
of wall ceramics on the basis of siliceous the opoks of
rocks]. Rostov-on-Don: Rostov state University of civil
engineering. 2014. 193 p.
7. Kotlyar V.D., Bratskii D.I. Material structure and ceramic
properties of a clay opoks. Inzhenernyj vestnik
Dona. 2014. Vol. 14. No. 4, pp. 47–59. (In Russian).
8. Kotlyar V.D., Lapunova K.A. Technological features of a
opoks as raw materials for wall ceramics. Izvestiya vuzov.
Stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 11–12, pp. 25–31. (In Russian).
9. Kotlyar V.D., Talpa B.V., Kozlov G.A., Belodedov A.A.
Siliceous rocks of the lower Don and perspective ways of
their use in production of construction materials. Nauchnaja
mysl’ Kavkaza. 2004. No. 6, pp. 97–104. (In Russian).
10. Gorshkov V.S., Savel’ev V.G. Fizicheskaja himija silikatov
i drugih tugoplavkih soedinenij [Physical chemistry of
silicates and other refractory connections]. Moscow:
Vysshaya shkola. 1988. 400 p.
11. Bondariyk A.G., Kotlyar V.D. Phase transformations
when roasting a opoks with carbonate additives by production
of wall ceramics. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2009. No. 12, pp. 24–27. (In Russian).
12. Kotlyar V.D., Lapunova K.A. Features of physical and
chemical transformations when roasting opoks raw materials.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2016. No. 5, pp. 40–42. (In Russian)
K.S. YAVRUYAN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.D. KOTLYAR, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
Ye.O. LOTOSHNIKOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), E.S. GAISHUN, (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Don state University of civil engineering (1, Gagarin Sqwer, 344000, Rostov-on-don, Russian Federation)
Investigation of Medium-Fraction Materials Processing of Terriconics for Production Wall Ceramic Products
The general characteristic of products of processing of waste heaps is giv-en. Their characteristics by fractional composition are proposed: large-fractional, with grains from 2 to
150 mm in size, medium-fractional with a grain size of 0.5 to 2 mm, and fine-grained with a grain size of 0 to 0.5 mm. The results of work on the study of the chemical-mineralogical
composition and physico-mechanical properties of the medium-fractionation products of the waste heaps processing with reference to the production of various wall ceramics products
are presented. Their role is shown as a polyfunctional additive when introduced into ceramic masses and affects the properties of finished products. A preliminary classification according
to the amount of coal component, mineralogical and petrographic composition, technological properties is proposed. The feasibility of their application in the production of wall
ceramics with a reduced cost is given.
Keywords: brick, coal, waste heaps, grain composition, chemical composition, mineral.
For citation: Yavruyan K.S., Kotlyar V.D., Lotoshnikova Ye.O., Gaishun E.S. Investigation of medium-fraction materials processing of terriconics for production wall ceramic products.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 5, pp. 17–20. (In Russian).
1. Kotlyar V.D., Yavruyan K.S. Wall ceramic articles on the
basis of fine-disperse products of waste pile processing.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials] 2017.
No. 4, pp. 38–41. (In Russian).
2. Storozhenko G.I., Stolboushkin A.Yu., Ivanov A.I. Coal
argillite recy-cling in ceramic raw materials and process
fuel production. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2015. No. 8, pp. 50–59. (In Russian).
3. Yavruyan K.S., Gayshun E.S. Analysis of the coal industry
waste state and its use in potting industry. Nauchnoe
obozrenie. 2016. No. 24, pp. 40–46. (In Russian).
4. Stolboushkin A.Yu., Storozhenko G.I. Waste of coal
enrichment as a raw material and energy base of ceramic
wall materials plants. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2011. No. 4, pp. 43–46. (In Russian).
5. Kotlyar V., Yavruyan K. Thin issues products of processing
waste heaps as raw materials for ceramic wall products.
MATEC Web Conferences. International Conference on Modern Trends in Manufacturing Technologies and
Equipment (ICMTMTE 2017). Sevastopol. 2017. Vol. 129.
6. Yavruyan K.S., Gayshun E.S., Kotlyar A.V. Features of
compression molding of fine-disperse products of coal
washing when producing ceramic brick. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 12,
pp. 14–17. (In Russian).
7. Golovin G.S., Maloletnev A.S. Kompleksnaya pererabotka
ugley i pov-yshenie effektivnosti ih ispol’zovaniya:
Katalog-spravochnik [Complex pro-cessing of coals and
increase of efficiency of their use: Directory-the directory].
Moscow: NTK «Track». 2007. 292 p.
8. Kotlyar V.D., Ustinov A.V., Terekhina Yu.V., Kotlyar
A.V. Features of the burning process of coal slurries in the
production of wall ceramics. Tekhnika i Tekhnologiya
Silikatov. 2014. No. 4, pp. 8–15. (In Russian).
9. Kotlyar V.D., Kozlov A.V., Kotlyar A.V., Teriohina U.V.
Features the claystone of East Donbass as raw materials
for production of wall ceramics. Vestnik MGSU. 2014.
No. 10, pp. 95–105. (In Russian).
10. Terekhina Yu.V., Talpa B.V., Kotlyar A.V. Mineralogicaltechnological
peculiarities literaturovedy clayey sediments
and prospects for their use as raw materials for
production of building ceramics. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 8–10.
11. Kotlyar A.V., Talpa B.V., Lazareva Ya.V. Features of
chemical compo-sitions of argillite-like clays and argillites.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2016. No. 4, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
New Organizational Structure and New Company Identity of KELLER (Information) . . . . 11
Н.А. БЕЛИК, руководитель службы качества ОАО «Воронежское Рудоуправление»;
Р.Н. ГРЫЗУНОВ, менеджер по продажам и маркетингу «ООО Сибелко Рус»;
А.С. РЯБОВ, главный технолог ООО «Тербунский гончар»
ООО «СИБЕЛКО РУС»
140125, Московская обл., Раменский район, с. Еганово
Тел./факс: + 7 495 232 51 50
A.Yu. STOLBOUSHKIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Siberian State Industrial University (42, Kirova Street, Novokuznetsk, 654007, Russian Federation)
Perspective Direction of Development of Building Ceramic Materials From Low-Grade Stock*
The necessity of expansion of the raw material base of building ceramic materials through the use of low-plastic loam, opal-cristobalite, other silica-containing rocks and mineral industrial
wastes is shown. It is necessary to develop new ways of preparing raw materials and molding products with the use of tripolite, diatomite, loess soils, coal waste, ash, etc. The reasons
for the decrease in the flexural strength and frost resistance of semidry molding products are compared with plastic molding. Prospects for the development of construction
ceramics technology from low-grade technogenic and natural stock are indicated. Various schemes for the formation of spatially-organized structures of ceramic composite materials
are considered. Examples of construction ceramics of a matrix and cellular structure from granulated batch based on slime iron-ore waste and granulated foamglass from siliceous
rocks are given. The principles of structural coloration of ceramic matrix composites are presented and examples of decorative construction ceramics of the matrix structure are given.
Keywords: technogenic raw materials, construction ceramic materials, matrix and cellular structure, structural coloration, decorative ceramics.
For citation: Stolboushkin A.Yu. Perspective direction of development of building ceramic materials from low-grade stock. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 4,
pp. 24–28. (In Russian).
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5. Russian market of ceramic wall materials in 2016
(Information). Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2017. No. 4, pp. 4–5. (In Russian).
6. Talpa B.V., Kotlyar A.V. Mineral-raw material base of
lithified clay rocks of the South of Russia for production
of building ceramics. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2015. No. 4, pp. 31–33. (In Russian).
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testing lithoidal raw materials for producing wall ceramic
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of the matrix structure of ceramic brick made from carbonaceous
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Materials Science and Engineering. 2016. Vol. 124
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keramicheskikh izdelii [Method of making wall ceramics].
Ivanov A.I., Stolboushkin A.Yu., Storozhenko G.I.
Declared 08.06.2015. Published 10.08.2016. Bulletin
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oth. Study on structure and properties of cellular ceramic
materials with a framework from dispersed silica-containing
rocks. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2017. No. 12. pp 7–13. (In Russian).
29. Patent RF 2641533. Sposob polucheniya syr’evoi smesi dlya
dekorativnoi stenovoi keramiki [Method of producing raw
mixture for decorative wall ceramics]. Stolboushkin
A.u., Akst D.V., Ivanov A.I. and oth. Declared 01.12.2016.
Published 18.01.2018. Bulletin No. 2. (In Russian).
V.V. KURNOSOV, Candidate of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics) (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.R. TIKHONOVA, Engineer
OOO «KOMAS» (8A, Martovskaya Street, Aprelevka, 143362, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation)
Enhancement of Technology of Ceramic Brick Burning in Ring Furnaces
The experience in the introduction of new heating systems for ring furnaces of the brick factories of the Russian Federation with purpose to enhance the technology of ceramic brick
burning is presented. The sequence of works on technical re-equipment of the furnace is described. Characteristics of the furnace operation are given. A comparative analysis of the
thermal operation of the furnace before and after modernization is presented. The high efficiency of the furnace modernization from the point of view of fuel consumption in comparison
with tunnel kilns is shown: specific gas consumption per a ton of calcined product in the ring furnace is 30 m3, in the tunnel kiln – 50–100 m3. The conclusion about the high efficiency
of the ring furnace with a modern heating system as a thermal unit is made.
Keywords: ceramic brick, solid brick, ceramic products, economic efficiency, resource saving, ring furnace, tunnel kiln, burners, burning, fuel saving, automation, modernization.
For citation: Kurnosov V.V., Tikhonova V.R. Enhancement of technology of ceramic brick burning in ring furnaces. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 4,
pp. 29–31. (In Russian).
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7. Kurnosov V.V., Shakhov I.I., Dorozhkin A.A., Kalinina
N.N., Povelitsa Yu.I. Heat engineering modernization
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9. Patent for invention RU 2524296. Sposob upravleniya
impul’snoi podachei topliva v nagrevatel’nykh i termicheskikh
pechakh [Method for controlling impulse fuel
supply in heating and thermal furnaces]. Kurnosov V.V.,
Pribytkov I.A. Tikhonova B.R. Declared 01.11.2013.
Published 07.13.2014. Bulletin No. 21. (In Russian).
10. Kuznetsov Yu.S., Kachurina O.I. Oxidation-reduction properties
of gas phases. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy.
Chernaya metallurgiya. 2018. No. 1, pp. 69–79. (In Russian).
11. Bazaikin V.I., Bazaikina O.L., Oskolkova T.N., Temlyantsev
M.V. Mathematical modeling of thermal processes in the surface
treatment of metal products with highly concentrated energy
flows. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Chernaya
metallurgiya. 2017. No. 5, pp. 398–409. (In Russian).
Dry Grinding is the Starting Point for Production of High-Quality Facade Ceramics (Information) . . . . . . . . . 34
Y.V. LAZAREVA, Engineer (email@example.com), K.A. LAPUNOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
M.E. ORLOVA Engineer (email@example.com), A.V. KOTLYAR, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The Don State Technical University (1, Gagarin Square, 344000, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation)
Relationship of Water Absorption and Water Resistance of a Ceramic Tile from Argillith-Like Clays
The results of experiments to determine the relationship between water tightness and water absorption of ceramic tiles obtained because of argillite-like clays, which are widespread in
southern Russia, are pre-sented. It is shown that with decreasing water absorption the water permeability of the shard is regularly reduced. It is established that with 5% water absorption,
the tile can be considered guaranteed waterproof. This figure does not depend on the thickness of the shingles. It is proved that it is possible to reduce water absorption and
increase the ultimate strength due to shingles based on argillite-like clays, due to fin-er grinding of the feedstock or an increase in the firing temperature. The justification is given that
the production of a ceramic shard with high strength and low water absorption makes it possible to produce tiles with a smaller thickness and weight, as well as lesser probability of
Keywords: : tiles, argillite-like clays, strength, water absorption, water tightness, firing, grinding.
For citation: Lazareva Y.V., Lapunova K.A., Orlova M.E., Kotlyar A.V. Relationship of water absorption and water resistance of a ceramic tile from argillith-like clays.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 5, pp. 36–39. (In Russian).
1. Terekhov V. A. The prospects of development of production
and application of a ceramic tile in Russia. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2002. No. 12,
pp. 32–36. (In Russian).
2. Kotlyar V. D., Lapunova K.A., Lazareva Ya.V., Usepyan
I.M. The main tendencies and perspective types of
raw materials by production of a ceramic tile. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 12,
pp. 28–31. (In Russian).
3. Salakhov A.M., Tuktarova G. R., Mochalov A.Yu.,
Salakhova R.A. The ceramic tile in Russia was and there
have to be. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2007. No. 9, pp. 18–19. (In Russian).
4. LazarevaYa.V., Kotlyar V. D., Lapunova K.A., Eryomenko
G.N. Main di-rections of development of design and
technology of production of a ceramic tile. Dizayn. Materialy.
Tekhnologiya. 2016. No. 3 (43), pp. 78–82. (In Russian).
5. Orlova M.E., Lapunova K.A. Perspective types of raw
materials for pro-duction of the decorated ceramic tile.
Science today: calls and decisions: Materials of the international
scientific and practical conference. Vologda. 2018.
Part 1, pp. 46–48. (In Russian).
6. Eremenko G.N., Lapunova K.A., Lazareva Y.V. A ceramic
tile on a basis the argillitopodobnykh of clays.
Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyi vestnik Prikaspiya. 2015. No. 4 (14),
pp. 41–46. (In Russian).
7. Kotlyar V. D., Kozlov A.V., Kotlyar A.V., Teryokhina
Yu.V. Features the kamnevidnykh of clay breeds of East
Donbass as raw materials for production of wall ceramics.
Vestnik MGSU. 2014. No. 10, pp. 95–105. (In Russian).
8. Talpa B.V., Kotlyar A.V. Mineral resources of litifitsirobathing
clay breeds of the South of Russia for production
of construction ceramics. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 4, pp. 31–33.
9. Kotlyar A.V. Technological properties of claystone-like
clays in clinker production. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo
arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. 2016.
No. 2 (55), pp. 164–175. (In Russian).
10. Lapunova K.A., Orlova M.E., Lazareva Y.V., Vasin D.S.
The production technology of a high-strength ceramic
tile on a basis the claystone-like of clays. Theory and practice
of increase in efficiency of construction materials.
Materials XII of the International scientific conference of
young scientists. Penza. 2017, pp. 104–108. (In Russian).
S.V. FEDOSOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Academician of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (RAACS),
President (email@example.com); S.A. MALBIEV2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Chief Specialist (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Keywords: brick, cellar, foundation, manhole.
For citation: Fedosov S.V., Malbiev S.A. Regulation of construction of underground structures of buildings and facilities from stone materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 41–45. (In Russian).
1 Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (20, 8 Marta Street, 153037, Ivanovo, Russian Federation)
2 PCC Eurasia LLC (5, bldg.1, Patriarshiye Ponds, Ermolayevsky pereulok,129343, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Regulation of Construction of Underground Structures of Buildings and Facilities from Stone Materials
The use of stone masonry in underground structures of buildings and facilities (cellars and ground floors, inspection manholes, pools, saunas, and other spaces with non-stationary
temperature-humidity conditions as well as in the floors of industrial buildings) in accordance with the current regulatory and technical documentation is considered. Examples of the
technical inspection of different buildings and structures made of brick masonry with defects and damages in the form of cracks, salt stains, corrosion processes are presented. The
main attention is paid to the structures of foundations, cellar walls, sewer and other manholes. The technical regulatory information on the list of admissible premises in the basement
floors is presented. It includes boilers, pump, compressor rooms, lift machine rooms, parking areas, bathrooms, shower cabins, laundry rooms, therapeutic pools, vegetables storerooms,
room for equipment of fire extinguishing system, saunas (dry heat baths), heating units, distillation rooms, washing rooms, laundries, hydrotherapy rooms, rooms for preparation
of solutions, hot boxes of radiochemical laboratories, rooms for amphibious animal and fishes used in experiments. It is proposed to amend the relevant regulatory and technical
documentation to further restrict or ban the use of these building materials for any buildings and structures located below the level of the earth surface.
1. Dudenkova G.Ya. Introduction of GOST 530–2012
«Ceramic brick and stone. General technical specifications
». Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2013. No.4, pp. 4–7. (In Russian).
2. Shlegel’ I.F. Problems of semi-dry pressing of bricks.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2005.
No. 2, pp. 18–19. (In Russian).
3. Saibulatov S.S. The production experience of improving
the quality of semi-dry ceramic bricks. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2001. No. 12,
pp. 16–17. (In Russian).
4. Kotlyar V.D., Terekhina Yu.V., Nebezhko Yu.I.
Perspectives of development of production of ceramic brick
of semi-dry pressing. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2011. No. 2, pp. 6–7. (In Russian).
5. Shlegel I.F. Some aspects of semi-dry pressing of bricks.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012.
No. 11, pp. 6–8. (In Russian).
6. Naumov A.A., Yundin A.N. Frost-resistant ceramic
bricks of semi-dry pressing from clay raw materials of the
Shakhty factory. Inzhenernyi vestnik Dona. 2012. No. 3
(21), pp. 638–643. (In Russian).
7. Naumov A.A. To the issue of improving the quality of
ceramic bricks of semi-dry pressing. In the collection
“Construction and Architecture-2017”. 2017. 28–30
November. Rostov-on-Don, pp. 196–199. (In Russian).
8. Karetnikova O.A., Kiseleva S.Yu., Kleshchunov Ya.Ya. To
the question of inspection of the technical condition of the
ceilings over the cellars of non-exploited non-residential
buildings subject to flooding. Obrazovanie i nauka v sovremennykh
usloviyakh. 2015. No. 4 (5), pp. 193–195. (In Russian).
9. Zakharov A.V., Erokhin Yu.V., Galakhova O.L. Carbonatesulfate
formations in the basement of the new building of the
Institute of Geology of Geochemistry of the Ural Branch of
the Russian Academy of Sciences. Mineralogiya tekhnogeneza.
2017. No. 18, pp. 82–87. (In Russian).
10. Lukinsky O.A. How to rescue the flooded cellar.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2012.
No. 8, pp. 44–47. (In Russian).
11. Belentsov Yu.A. Efflorescence on surfaces of mortar
joints of masonry. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2008. No. 4, pp. 60–61. (In Russian).
12. Bessonov I.V., Baranov V.S., Baranov V.V., Knyazeva V.P.,
Elchishcheva T.F. Reasons and eliminate efflorescence on the
brick walls of buildings. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2014. No. 7, pp. 39–43. (In Russian).
13. Abdrakhimov V.Z., Kovkov I.V. Research efflorescence
on a ceramic composite material. Vestnik MGSU. 2012.
No. 1, pp. 83–87. (In Russian).
Warm Ceramics BRAER for Housing Construction in Russia (Information) . . .. . . . . . 46
E.I. SHMIT’KO, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), N.A. BEL’KOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), Yu.V. MAKUSHINA, Engineer
Voronezh Technical University University (84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)
Influence of Surfactants on Humid Shrinkage of Concretes
The humid shrinkage is the most important and problematic property of contemporary concretes of modified structure reducing their quality. The article shows that the main component
of the modifier of concrete structure – an additive-super-plasticizer stimulates the increase of shrinkage phenomena. Features of the structure and composition of additive-plasticizers
used at present are revealed. Four trademarks of additive-super-plasticizers with different compositions and structures of macro-molecules are studied. The influence of selected additive-
plasticizers on the processes of early structure formation of cement systems (beginning from the moment of components mixing), on the balance of internal (film splintering and
capillary retracting) forces in the system in a wide range of water-cement ratios is studied. Further the influence of these additives on the shrinkage indicators is researched. The results
obtained already provide the necessary guidelines for specialists and consumers of these additives.
Keywords: humid shrinkage, early structure formation, cement system, additive-super-plasticizers, concretes.
For citation: Shmit’ko E.I., Bel’kova N.A., Makushina Yu.V. Influence of surfactants on humid shrinkage of concretes. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 4,
pp. 48–51. (In Russian).
1. Batrakov V.G. Modifitsirovannye betony. Teoriya i praktika
[The modified concrete. Theory and practice].
Moscow: Tekhnoproekt. 1998. 768 p.
2. Chernyshov E.M., Slavcheva G.S., Artamonova O.V.
Nanomodifitsirovanie sistem tverdeniya v strukture stroitel’nykh
kompozitov. Monografiya. [Nanomodifying of
systems of curing in structure of construction composites.
Monograph]. Voronezh: Nauchnaya kniga. 2016. 132 p.
3. Slavcheva G.S., Chemodanova S.N. Moist deformations
of the modified cement stone. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2008. No. 5, pp. 70–72.
4. Moroz M.N., Kalashnikov V.I., Suzdal’tsev O.V.,
Yanin V.S. High-strength decorative and finishing superficial
and water fobizirovanny concrete. Regional’naya
arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 1, pp. 18–23.
5. Chernyshov E.M., Slavcheva G.S. Control over operational
deformability and crack resistance of macro-porous
(cellular) concretes: context of problem and issues of
theory. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2014. No. 1–2, pp. 105–112. (In Russian).
6. Slavcheva G.S., Kim L.V. Mechanisms and regularities
of change of strength characteristics of concrete in connection
with their temperature and moist state. Vestnik
inzhenernoi shkoly dal’nevostochnogo federal’nogo universiteta.
2015. No. 1 (22), pp. 63–70. (In Russian).
7. Shmit’ko E.I., Verlina N.A. Protection of monolithic reinforced
concrete structures of production buildings
against cracks of shrinkable character. Izvestiya vuzov.
Tekhnologiya tekstil’noi promyshlennosti. 2017.
No. 1 (367), pp. 213–218. (In Russian).
8. Shmit’ko E.I. Management of processes of curing and
structurization of concrete. Doct. Diss. (Engineering).
Voronezh. 1994. 252 p. (In Russian).
9. Akhverdov I.N. Osnovy fiziki betona [Fundamentals of
physics of concrete] Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1981. 464 p.
10. Artemenko A.I. Organicheskaya khimiya. [Organic
chemistry] Moscow: Vysshaya shkola. 2002. 559 p.
V.N. VERNIGOROVA, Doctor of Sciences (Chemistry), S.M. SADENKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Penza State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (28, Germana Titova Street, Penza, 440028, Russian Federation)
Concrete Mix Structure and Role of Water in Its Physical-Chemical Transformation in Concrete
The concrete mix structure is considered: the subsystem СаО–SiO2–Н2O, basic and acid adsorption centers by Lewis, interaction of water molecules with them with proton transfer,
hydrolysis of non-stoichiometric, unstable silicate minerals and formation of the nano-structure in the concrete mix, consisting of their nano-gels SiO2, Са(ОН)2, interaction of the nanostructure
with water with formation of intermediate active particles Н+, ОН–, Н*, ОН* leading to the setting. Intermediate active particles interact with adsorption centers and between
themselves. Recombination of water molecules takes place but by the law of preservation, charges on the surface of nano-particles are retained, as a result of which the setting occurs.
Oversaturated unstable solid solutions (calcium hydrosilicates) are formed, they are subjected to the spinodal decomposition with the formation of nano-clasters of hydrosilicates very
active at the moment of release which leads to hardening. It is shown that setting and hardening is the dimensional and chemical effect of nano-particles, calcium hydrosilicates and
other particles leading to setting and hardening. The main and initial condition for realizing these processes is an irreversible exothermic reaction of water decomposition into radicals
Н*, ОН*with compensation equal to 25 kJ/mol.
Keywords: concrete structure, concrete mix, water, adsorption, cationic and anionic polyhedrons, hydrolysis of minerals, nano-particles, calcium hydrosilicates.
For citation: Vernigorova V.N., Sadenko S.M. Concrete mix structure and role of water in its physical-chemical transformation in concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2018. No. 4, pp. 52–55. (In Russian).
1. Vernigorova V.N. Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy obrazovaniya
modifitsirovannykh gidrosilikatov kal’tsiya v
kompozitsionnykh materialakh na osnove sistemy SaO–
SiO2–N2O [Physicochemical foundations of the formation
of modified calcium hydrosilicates in composite
materials based on the system CaO–SiO2–H2O.]. Penza:
TsNTI Publishing. 2001. 367 p.
2. Vezentsev A.I. Khimiya nanoklasterov i nanokompozitov
[Chemistry of nanoclusters and nanocomposites].
Moscow: Institute AiTi. 2011. 146 p.
3. Pul G. Nanotekhnologii [Nanotechnology]. Moscow:
Tekhnosfera. 2006. 260 p.
4. Balabanov V.I. Nanotekhnologii. Nauka budushchego
[Nanotechnology. Science of the future]. Moscow:
Eksmo. 2008. 256 p.
5. Kiselev V.F. Poverkhnostnye yavleniya v poluprovodnikakh
i dielektrikakh [Surface phenomena in semiconductors
and dielectrics]. Moscow: Nauka. 1970. 399 p.
6. Vernigorova V.N., Sadenko S.M. About nonstationarity
of physical-chemical processes occurring in concrete
mix. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materials].
2017. No. 1–2, pp. 86–89. (In Russian).
7. Pshezhetskii S.Ya. Poverkhnostnye soedineniya v geterogennom
katalize. Sb. «Geterogennyi kataliz v khimicheskoi
promyshlennosti» [Surface compounds in heterogeneous
catalysis. Collection “Heterogeneous catalysis in the
chemical industry”]. Moscow: Goskhimizdat. 1955. 158 p.
8. Voevodskiy V.V., Kondrat’ev V.N. Radicals in chain reactions.
Uspekhi khimii. 1950. Vol. 19. Iss. 6, p. 673.
9. Gusev A.I. Fizicheskaya khimiya nestekhiometricheskikh
tugoplavkikh soedinenii [Physical chemistry of nonstoichiometric
refractory compounds]. Moscow: Nauka.
1991. 286 p.
10. Patent for invention No. 2253635. Otverzhdennaya forma
silikata kal’tsiya, imeyushchaya vysokuyu prochnost’
[A solidified form of calcium silicate, having a high
strength]. Matsuyama Khiroesi, Matsui Kunio, Simisu
Tadasi. Declared 19.02.2001. Published 29.08.2002.
11. Kobayasi N. Vvedenie v nantokhnologiyu / Per. s yapon
[Introduction to nanotechnology. Trans. with Japan].
Moscow: BINOM. Laboratoriya znaniy. 2005. 134 p.
A.I. MAKEEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), E.M. CHERNYSHOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) Academician of RAACS
Voronezh Technical University University (84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)
Granite Crushing Screenings as a Component Factor of Concrete Structure Formation.
Part 1. Problem Definition. Identification of Screenings as a Component Factor of Structure Formation
The problem of consideration of stone crushing screenings as a component factor of the formation of macro-, micro-, nano-structures of conglomerate building composites is formulated.
On the example of structure formation of traditional and high-tech cement concretes, the substantiation of mechanical, mechanical-chemical and physical-chemical role of fraction
differences of granite crushing screenings is made. In this context, data on the genesis of screenings and their structurally significant identification characteristics are presented. In addition,
ordinary screening, enriched screening, individual fraction differences separated from the ordinary screening, a dust-like part of screening separated from the hydro-removed pulp
by drying are considered. A priory, the projected manifestation of the role of types of screenings in the formation processes of the frame component (grains of macro- and meso-fractions)
and the matrix component (grains of macro- nano-fractions of screening and products of concrete hydration) of the concrete structure..
Keywords: component factor, stone crushing screening, screening genesis, identification characteristics, structure formation role
For citation: Makeev A.I., Chernyshov E.M. Granite crushing screenings as a component factor of concrete structure formation. Part 1. Problem definition. Identification of screenings as
a component factor of structure formation. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 56–60. (In Russian).
1. Chernyshov E.M., Djachenko E.I., Makeev A.I. Neodnorodnost’
struktury i soprotivlenie razrusheniyu konglomeratnykh
stroitel’nykh kompozitov: voprosy materialovedcheskogo
obobshcheniya i razvitiya teorii [Heterogeneity
of the structure and resistance to the destruction
of conglomerate building composites: the questions of
material science generalization and development of the
theory]. Voronezh: Voronezh State Technical University.
2012. 98 p.
2. Bazhenov Yu.M., Chernyshov Ye.M., Korotkikh D.N.
Designing the structures of modern concrete: defining
principles and technological platforms. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 3,
pp. 6–14. (In Russian).
3. Kalashnikov V.I. Industry of non-metallic building
materials and the future of concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2008. No. 3, pp. 20–22.
4. Belov V.V., Obraztsov I.V., Kulyayev P.V. Methodology
for de-signing optimal structures for cement concretes.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013.
No. 3, pp. 17–21. (In Russian).
5. Effektivnye vysokoprochnye i obychnye betony. Pod obshch.
red. V.I. Kalashnikova [Effective high-strength and
ordinary concrete. Under the general editorship of V.I.
Kalashnikov. Penza: Privolzhsky House of Knowledge].
Penza: Privolzhskiy Dom znaniy. 2015. 148 p.
6. Kapriyelov S.S., Sheynfel’d A.V., Kardumyan G.S.
Novyye modifitsirovannyye betony [New modified concrete].
Moscow: Paradiz. 2010. 258 p.
7. Chernyshov E.M., Artamonova O.V., Slavcheva G.S.
Nanomodi-ficirovanie sistem tverdenija v strukture
stroitelnyh kompozitov [Nanomodification of curing systems
in the structure of building composites]. Voronezh:
Nauchnaja kniga. 2016. 132 p.
8. Vinogradov Ju.I., Hohlov S.V. On the question of the
formation of “drop-out” during production of crushed
granite. Vzryvnoe delo. 2015. No. 113/70, pp. 118–125.
9. Makeev A.I. Deep processing of crushing screenings of
crushed granite for their integrated use in the production
of building materials. Nauchnyy zhurnal stroitel’stva i
arkhitektury. 2010. No. 1, pp. 92–99.
10. Makeev A.I. Scientific and technical justification of the
technol-ogy of deep processing of screenings of granite
crushed stone crushing. Nauchnyy zhurnal stroitel’stva i
arkhitektury. 2011. No. 3, pp. 56–67.
M.I. KOZHUKHOVA1,2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org); K.G. SOBOLEV1,2, PhD (email@example.com);
I.L. CHULKOVA3, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org); V.V. STROKOVA1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Study on Stability of Water-Based Siloxane Hydrophobic Emulsions*
Stability of emulsion structure has to be considered and well controlled during synthesis of hydrophobic water-based emulsions. Due to its critical impact on covering ability and adhesion
of hydrophobic coating to the top layer of concrete surfaces. Therein, emulsion composition design, as well as proportion of selected raw materials, are the parameters responsible
for the achievement of high emulsion stability. Theoretical computations of hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) were completed in this research to evaluate the stability of water-based
emulsion with incorporated emulsifying polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and silicone hydrophobic agents (SHA). Using Davies’ method, which considers calculating a value based on the chemical
groups of the molecule, PVA and SHA meet all requirements to produce highly stable emulsions. Griffin’s method is based on calculating values for different regions of the molecule
and demonstrates that the highest stability of “oil in water” emulsion can be achieved using low molecular weight PVA (up to 15000). As the molecular weight of PVA increases, the HLB
drops, which results in reduction of emulsion stability and lifetime. ξ-potential ranges were calculated for the investigated emulsions, prepared using different approaches. The results
showed that the emulsions with ξ-potential range of < –35 mV and > 50 mV have the highest stability of emulsion structure.
Keywords: water-based emulsion, hydrophobicity, adhesion, emulsion stability, hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB), zeta potential, concrete.
For citation: Kozhukhova M.I., Sobolev K.G., Chulkova I.L., Strokova V.V. Study on stability of water-based siloxane hydrophobic emulsions. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 61–64. (In Russian).
1 Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (46, Kostyukova Street, Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation)
2 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (3200, N. Kramer St., Milwaukee 53211, Wisconsin, USA)
3 The Siberian Automobile and Highway University (5, Mira Avenue, Omsk, 644080, Russian Federation)
1. Lesovik V.S. Geonika (geomimetika). Primery realizatsii
v stroitel’nom materialovedenii: monografiya. (2-e izdanie,
dopolnennoe) [Geonics (geomimetics). Implementation
examples in construction material science.
Monography. (2nd Edition, updated)]. Belgorod: BSTU
named after V.G. Shoukhov. 2016. 287 p.
2. Lesovik V.S., Zagorodnyuk L.K., Chulkova I.L., Tolstoy
A.D., Volodchenko A.A. Structural affinity as a theoretical
basis to design neocomposites. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2015. No. 9, pp. 18–22. (In Russian).
3. Sverguzova S.V., Starostina I.V., Fomina E.V., Porozhnyuk
L.A., Denisova L.V., Shaikhiev I.G. Production of
decorative plasters based on mine refuses from ferruginous
quartzites. Vestnik Kazanskogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta.
2016. Vol. 19. No. 23, pp. 144–148. (In Russian).
4. Fomina E.V., Kozhukhova N.I., Palshina Yu.V.,
Strokova V.V., Fomin A.E. Effect of mechanical activation
on dimensional parameters of alumino-silicate rocks.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014.
No. 10, pp. 28–33. (In Russian).
5. Lebedev M.S., Fomina E.V. Dispersion characteristics of
alumosilicate mineral fillers with various composition.
Tekhnicheskie nayki – ot teorii k praktike. 2015. No. 48–49,
pp. 126–140. (In Russian).
6. Voitovich E.V., Chulkova I.L., Fomina E.V., Cherevatova
A.V. Increase of efficiency cement binders with the
active mineral nanodisperse component // Vestnik
Sibirskoy gosudarstvennoy avtomobil’no-dorozhnogoy akademii.
2015. No. 5, pp. 56–62. (In Russian).
7. Flores-Vivian I., Hejazi V., Kozhukhova M.I.,
Nosonovsky M., Sobolev K. Self-assembling particle-siloxane
coatings for superhydrophobic concrete. ACS
Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2014. Vol. 5. Iss. 24,
8. Kozhukhova M.I., Knotko A.V., Sobolev K.G.,
Kozhukhova N.I. Microstructural features of hierarchical
structure formation on hydrophobic concrete surface.
Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo
universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova. 2016. No. 9, pp. 6–9.
9. Ramachandran R., Kozhukhova M.I., Sobolev K. and
Nosonovsky M. Anti-icing superhydrophobic surfaces:
controlling entropic molecular interactions to design
novel icephobic concrete // Entropy. 2016. Vol. 18. Iss. 4,
p. 132. doi:10.3390/e18040132.
10. Kozhukhova M.I., Chulkova I.L., Kharkhardin A.N.,
Sobolev K. Estimation of application efficiency of hydrophobic
water-based emulsions containing nano- and micro-
sized particles for modification of fine grained concrete.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2017. No. 5, pp. 92–97. (In Russian).
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14. Kozhukhova M.I., Flores-Vivian I., Rao S., Strokova
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[Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 3, pp. 26–30.
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Why particle size, zeta potential and rheology are important.
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antiobledenitel’noe pokryitie dlya betona
[Superhydrophobic and icephobic coating for concrete.
Monography.]. Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic
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V.S. SEMENOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering); K.A. TER-ZAKARYAN2, Managing Director;
A.D. ZHUKOV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), (firstname.lastname@example.org), Yu.V. SAZONOVA1, Bachelor
Keywords: expanded polyethylene, climatic tests, insulation system, welding of polymers, Arctic expedition.
For citation: Semenov V.S., Ter-Zakaryan K.A., Zhukov A.D., Sazonova Yu.V. Features of realization of insulation systems under conditions of the Far North. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 65–69. (In Russian).
1 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (26, Yaroslavskoye Highway, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 OOO “TEPOFOL” (88, Moskovskaya Street, Bronnitsy, Moscow Oblast, 140170, Russian Federation)
Features of Realization of Insulation Systems under Conditions of the Far North
Features of the realization of insulation systems under the extreme climatic conditions, including the conditions of significant negative and freeze-thaw temperatures, high wind speeds
etc. are outlined. It is noted that the adaptation of building systems to such conditions of operation imposes special requirements and to heat insulation materials concerning their resistance
to mechanical and climatic impacts as well as to the stability of properties for the whole operation period. Results of the study of operational durability of non-cross-linked polyethylene
foam, which confirmed the inertness of the material to humidity and temperature impacts within the interval from -60 up to 80оC, made it possible to recommend the products
on its base (mats and rolls) as insulation for objects of the Arctic Circle. In particular, the project of insulation of the residential module of the two- link tracked transporter was realized.
Tests conducted during the Arctic expedition in 2017 in the Republic of Saha (Yakutia) show that the heat insulation on the basis of non-cross-linked polyethylene foam makes it possible
to provide the sustainability of the living module during two months at an ambient temperature of -45оC in strong winds with gusts up to 30 m/s.
1. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova Т.V. Energy
Efficiency and Methodology for Creating Heat Insulation
Materials. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. 2014. No. 4. http://
ova.pdf (Date of access 29.03.2018). (In Russian).
2. Gimenez I.I., Faroog M.-K., El Mahi A., Kondrotas A.,
Assarar M. Experimental analysis of mechanical behaviour
and damage development mechanisms of PVC foams
in static tests. Materials Science (Med iagotyra). 2004.
No. 10, pр. 34–39.
3. Zhukov A.D., Ter-Zakaryan K.A., Tuchaev D.U.,
Petrovsky E.S. Energy-efficient warming of food stores
and vegetable stores. Mezhdunarodnyi sel’skokhozyaistvennyi
zhurnal. 2018. No. 1, pp. 65–67. (In Russian).
4. Zhukov A.D., Ter-Zakaryan K.A., Zayafarov A.V.,
Petrovsky E.S., Tuchaev D.U. Rattan roof insulation
systems // Krovel’nye i izolyatsionnye materialy. 2017.
No. 6, pp. 27–29. (In Russian).
5. Wang Y., Huang Z., Heng L. Cost-effectiveness assessment
of insulated exterior walls of residential buildings in cold climate. International Journal of Project Management.
2007. Vol. 25. Issue 2, pp. 143–149. DOI: https://doi.
6. Head P.R. Construction materials and technology: A
Look at the future. Proceedings of the ICE – Civil
Engineering. 2001. No. 144 (3), pp. 113–118.
7. Zhukov A.D., Efimov B.A., Sazonova Yu.V., Zhukov
A.Yu. Foam polyethylene as thermal insulation for
cold climate. Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2017. No. 7, рp. 10–14.
8. Gnip I.J., Kersulis V.I., Vaitkus S.I. Analitical Description
of the Creep of Expanded Polystyrene under Compressive
Loading. Mechanics of Composite materials. 2005. No. 41,
9. Gnip I.Ya., Kerchulis V.I., Vaitkus S.I. Confidence intervals
forecasting creep deformation of foam polystyrene.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012.
No. 3, pp. 47–49. (In Russian).
10. Fedyuk R.S., Mochalov A.V., Simonov V.A. Trends in
the development of norms for thermal protection of
buildings in Russia. Vestnik inzhenernyi shkoly DVFU –
nauchnyi elektronnyi zhurnal. 2012. No. 2, pp. 39–44
(Date of access 30.03.2018). (In Russian).
11. Zhukov A.D., Naumova N.V., Mustafayev R.M.,
Mayorova N.A. Modeling of properties of highly porous
materials of a combined structure. Promyshlennoe i
grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 7, pp. 48–51.
T.V. SHCHUKINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
M.Yu. KOPYTINA, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org),
D.N. KITAEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), A.S. SUKHORUKIKH, Student
Voronezh Technical University (84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya Street, 394006, Voronezh, Russian Federation)
Heat Protection Properties of Coverings on the Basis of Dry Building Mixes of a New Generation
Reducing the energy resources consumption, including for buildings with a significant time of operation means, first of all, the arrangement of the efficient heat protection of external
enclosings. Modern methods for heat insulation of building structures characterized by industrial technology of erection often can’t be used, when conducting capital repairs, for architectural
monuments especially. In these cases, the suitable way for improving the energy efficiency of buildings is faсade plastering with compositions of a new generation. The wide
choice of dry building mixes on the basis of heat protection fillers presented at the Russian market makes it possible, without changing the exterior finish of buildings under reconstruction
to execute the protection of external walls not only from negative effects of weather factors but also from excessive losses of heat in the cold period of the year and overheating in
the summer period. The analysis of characteristics of the used energy saving fillers and plasters on their base shows that the compositions which include the granulated foam glass
have the best heat insulation properties. The obtained dependence of the heat conductivity factor on the density of the plaster layer makes it possible to assess preliminary the energy
saving properties of new mixes when varying quantitative ratios of the components used and their qualities. Possible trends in the creation of plaster coatings with unique properties,
appropriate indicators of heat protection and strength characteristics are forecasted.
Keywords: energy saving, heat protection, dry building mixes, granulated foam glass.
For citation: Shchukina T.V., Kopytina M.Yu., Kitaev D.N., Sukhorukikh A.S. Heat protection properties of coverings on the basis of dry building mixes of a new generation. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2018. No. 4, pp. 71–75. (In Russian).
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Ssostav, tekhnologiya, svoystva [Dry building mixtures.
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OSU. 2012. 106 p. (In Russian).
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Sostav, svoystva [Dry mixes. Composition, properties]
Moscow: RIF STROYMATERIALY. 2010. 320 p.
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S-3 and its effect on the technological properties of
concrete mixtures. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdanii i sooruzhenii.
2014. No. 6 (21), pp. 58–69. (In Russian).
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the affinity of structures in materials science.
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plaster with the use of microspheres for finishing
the aerated concrete enclosing structure. Izvestiya
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the filler type on the mechanism of heat transfer in heatinsulating
plasters. Vestnik BGTU im. V.G. Shukhova.
Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura. 2017. No. 5, pp. 6–10.
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Т.В., Vereschagin V.I. Production of high-performance
material on basis of diatomite by low-temperature
foaming. Tekhnika i tekhnologiya silikatov. 2012.
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2016. No. 5 (365), pp. 215–219. (In Russian).