Table of contents
V.V. STROKOVA1, Doctor of Science (Engineering); A.M. AIZENSHTADT2, Doctor of Science (Chemistry); M.N. SIVAL’NEVA1, Engineer,
1, Engineer, V.V. NELUBOVA1
, Candidate of Science (Engineering) (email@example.com)
1 Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (46, Kostyukov Street, Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation)
2 Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (17, Severnaya Dvina Embankment, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation)
Activity Evaluation of Nanostructured Binders with Using Thermodynamic Method*
This paper analyzes the process of obtaining nanostructured binder (NB) on the basis of materials of different genetic types. An increase in dispersion of binders aside from their com-
position during the process of mechanical activation of the solid phase and the formation of fraction in nanosized range was shown. Effectiveness of the thermodynamic method for
estimating the energy state of the materials developed by scientists NArFU to predict the formation of active connections and, as a consequence, the binding properties of the studied
materials were confirmed. It was shown that the kinetics of the activity in case of silicate NB has a wavelike nature, alternating extremes of system activity in general. Herein minimum
of activity coincides with the reloading of solid phase when grinding, however it is noted that the system is ready for transformation. In the case of the aluminosilicate binder an increase
in activity occurs continuously and reaches its maximum during grinding for 10–11 hours.
Keywords: nanostructured binder, Gibbs energy, mechanical activation, silicate, aluminosilicate.
1. Miroshnikov E.V., Strokova V.V., Cherevatova A.V.,
Pavlenko N.V. A nanostructured perlite binder and foam
concrete on its base. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2010. No. 9, pp. 105–106. (In Russian).
2. Cherevatova A.V., Pavlenko N.V. Foam-concrete on the
basis of nanostructured binder. Vestnik Belgorodskogo
gosudarstvennogo tehnologicheskogo universiteta
im. V.G. Shukhova. 2009. No. 3, pp. 115–119. (In Russian).
3. Pavlenko N.V., Kapusta M.N., Miroshnikov E.V.
Features of reinforcement of non-autoclave curing cel-
lular concretes based on nanostructured binder. Vestnik
Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnologicheskogo univer-
siteta im. V.G. Shukhova. 2013. No. 1, pp. 33–36.
4. Zhernovskii I.V., Osadchaya M.S., Cherevatova A.V.,
Strokova V.V. Aluminum-silicate nano-structured binder
on the basis of granite raw materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 1–2. pp. 38–41.
5. Tutygin A.S., Aizenshtadt A.M., Lesovik V.S., Frolo
va M.A. Design of compositions of building composites
with due regard for thermodynamic compatibility of fine
grained systems of rocks. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 3, pp. 74–76.
6. Voitovich E.V., Aizenshtadt A.M. Designing of compos
ite gypsum binder compositions using nanostructured
silica component (thermodynamic aspect). Promyshlennoe
i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. No. 5. 2014, pp. 16–20.
E.A. KHUDOVEKOVA1, Engineer (Khudovekova_ea@mail.ru); M.S. GARKAVI2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
Deputy Chief Engineer for Science and Innovation
1 Magnitogorsk State Technical University named after G.I. Nosov (38, Lenin Avenue, Magnitogorsk, 455000, Russian Federation)
2 ZAO «Ural-Omega» (structure 7, 89, Lenina Avenu, Magnitogorsk, 455037, Chelyabinskaya Oblast, Russian Federation)
Formation of Nanosystems During Slag-Alkaline Binder Hydration
The process of nanosystem forming during interaction alkali activator ions with particles of ground-granulated blast furnance slag have been discussed. The effect of positive and nega-
tive hydration of ions on the properties and structure of water solution has been analyzed. Taking into account structural changes of mixing liquid, optimal concentration of activators
were selected. It was shown that activators having as a part of ions with negative hydration promote to increase as curing rate and 28-age strength of stone. The strength of samples
prepared from GGBFS and KOH solution is 27% higher, then strength of sample on a base of NaOH solution (under normal curing conditions).
Keywords: ground-granulated blast furnance slag, nanosystems, slag structure, slag-alkaline binder, activators, mechanism of hydration.
1. Shi C., Krivenko P.V., Roy D.M. Alkaliactivated ce-
ments and concretes. London and New York: Taylor &
Francis Publisher. 2006. 376 p.
2. Zhang Z., Provis J., Reid A., Wang H. Geopolymer foam
concrete: An emerging material for sustainable construc-
tion. Construction and Building Materials. 2014. Vol. 56,
3. Zhernovski I.V., Osadchaya M.S., Cherevatova A.V.,
Strokova V.V. Nanostructured aluminosilicate binder
based on granite. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 1–2, pp. 38–41. (In Russian).
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containing slag. Doc. Diss. (Engineering). Moscow.
1999. 276 p. (In Russian).
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6. Vernigorova V.N., Sadenko D.S., Ulyanov V.V. About
the mechanism of alkali activated slag cement.
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10. Artamonova A.V., Voronin K.M. Slag-alkaline binders based
on blast furnace slag centrifugal impact grinding. Cement i ego
primenenie. 2011. No. 4, pp. 108–113. (In Russian).
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khimicheskih velichin [Quick Reference of physico-
chemical variables]. Leningrad: Khimiya. 1974. 200 p.
13. Zolotov Y., Dorokhova B.N., Fadeev V.I. Osnovi anal-
iticheskoi khimii [Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry].
Moscow: Vysshaya shkola.1996. 383 p.
14. Mishchenko K.P., Poltoratsky G.M. Termodinamika i
stroenie vodnih i nevodnih rastvorov electrolitov
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electrolyte solutions]. Leningrad: Chemistry. 1976. 328 p.
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G.D. FEDOROVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
G.N. ALEXANDROV, Undergraduate, S.A. SMAGULOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics)
North-Eastern Federal University in Yakutsk (58, Belinskogo Street, Yakutsk, 677000, Russian Federation)
Research of Stability of Water Suspension of Graphene Oxide
One of new regulation techniques of concrete mixes and concretes behaviors management of structurization of cement concrete on a nanolevel. To open the nature of structure manage-
ment of cement matrix on a nanolevel for the purpose of receiving composites of new generation, it is necessary to combine efforts of different professions experts. For this reason,
considering that in «Graphene Nanotechnologies» laboratory of North-Eastern Federal University graphene oxide is received, in this work the task was to establish prospects of carrying
out researches on modification of cement matrix by graphene oxide. Prospects of graphene oxide use as modifier of a cement matrix are shown in the article. Results of sizes measure-
ment of graphene oxide nanosheets and also results of assessment of stability of water suspension of graphene oxide are given.
Keywords: cement, matrix, nanomodifier, graphene oxide, size, water suspension, optical density, colloidal stability.
1. Pajakkala P. Outlook for construction and cement use
until 2025 in the EU, the USA and Russia. ALITinform.
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dosage of superplasticizer on rheotehnological properties
cement slurries, concrete mixes and powder-activated
concretes. Cement i ego primenenie. 2012. No. 3–4,
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dal P. Nanoscale modification of cementitious mate-
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Modification of cement concretes with multilayer carbon
nanotubes. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction
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pov A.I. Modification of construction materials by
carbon nanotubes: actual directions of working out of
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scientific Internet magazine. 2012. No. 6, pp. 57–66.
12. Fedorova G.D., Savvina A.E., Yakovlev G.I. Estimation
of the multifunctional modifier of PFM-NLK concrete
as surfactantat carbon nanotubes dispersion. Stroitel'-
nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 2,
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of multiwalled carbon nanotubes dispersion. Stroitel'nye
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Ghodousi Parviz. Preparation and mechanical properties
of graphene oxide: cement nanocomposites. The Scientific
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16. Ahmadreza Sedaghat, Manoj K. Ram, A. Zayed, Rajeev
Kamal, Natadia Shanahan. Investigation of Physical
Properties of Graphene-Cement Composite for
Structural Applications. Open Journal of Composite
Materials. 2014. No. 4, pp. 12–21 (http://dx.doi.
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18. Shenghua Lv, Yujuan Ma, Chaochao Qiu, Ting Sun,
Jingjing Liu, Qingfang Zhou. Effect of graphene oxide
nanosheets of microstructure and mechanical properties
of cement composites. Construction and Building
Materials. 2013. Vol. 49, pp. 121–127 (http://dx.doi.
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V.G. KHOZIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), L.А. ABDRAKHMANOVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
R.К. NIZAMOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (Nizamov@kgasu.ru)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, 420043, Kazan, Russian Federation)
Common Concentration Pattern of Effects of Construction Materials Nanomodification
The article covers the results of experimental researches of nanomodification of different types of construction materials: polymer materials (PVC, epoxides), ceramics, Portland
cement, bitumen-polymer binders with industrial nanoproduct concentrates and premixes, containing carbon nanotubes, metal-carbon composites, and silica sols. The definite
(«acute») extreme dependence of technological, performance and technical properties on the concentration of nanoadmixtures is established: the peak values of indices of materials
are attained at 0,001–0,01 wt. %. The dependence has a general character.
Keywords: nanotechnologies, nanomodifiers, PVC, ceramics, epoxy polymers, bitumen-polymer binders, CNT, silica sol.
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Analysis of achievements and current state. Ways of de-
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of cement concretes with multilayer carbon nanotubes.
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ride in wood-polymer composite’s receipt. Izvestiya
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Zykova E.S., Khalikova R.A. Korzhenko, А.А., Trinee-
va V.V., Yakovlev. G.I. Nanomodification of polymer
binders for constructional composites. Stroitel’nye
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Modification of clay mass by plasticizing admixtures.
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ence: Proceedings of the anniversary international scientific
and practical conference dedicated to the 60th anniversary
of BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov. Belgorod. 2014. pp.
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ru). (In Russian).
K.A. SARAIKINA1, Master of Engineering and Technology in Construction (Ksenya_s2004@mail.ru); V.A. GOLUBEV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering);
2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com); S.A. SEN’KOV1
, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org);
Nanostructuring of Cement Stone at Disperse Reinforcing with Basalt Fiber
Cement concrete is the most widely distributed material in the present construction. But this composite is characterized by a series of negative parameters, low ultimate tensile strains are
among them. To improve their performance and also to increase the resistance to abrasion, chilling, and impact actions it is possible to apply various techniques, disperse reinforcement of
the cement matrix with basalt fiber is the most prospective method among them. To increase the resistance of basalt fiber to a strongly alkali environment a hypothesis about the reasonabili-
ty to introduce the dispersion of modified carbon nanotubes (MCNT) into the mix has been put forward. Results of the microscopic analysis of the structure of cement-sand mortar in the
course of joint introduction of basalt fibers and MCNT dispersion are presented; they show that, despite the lack of homogeneity of the MCNT dispersion, a dense new growth is crystallized,
the adhesion of the cement stone with basalt fiber is improved, and shrinkage cracks are reduced in the zone of the contact of cement stone, basalt fiber, and nanotubes.
Keywords: disperse reinforcement, basalt fiber, carbon nanotubes, modification, shrinking deformations.
1 Perm State National Research Polytechnic University (29, Komsomolskiy Avenue, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation)
2 Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7, Studencheskaya Street, Izhevsk, 426069, Russian Federation)
1. Rabinovich F.N. Kompozity na osnove dispersno
armirovannykh betonov. Voprosy teorii i proektirovaniya,
tekhnologiya, konstruktsii: monografiya [Composites
based on fiber concrete. Theory and design, technology,
construction: monograph]. Moscow: ASV. 2004. 560 p.
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stroitel'noi industrii [Innovative technologies and
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2010. 104 p.
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basalt fiber. Polzunovskii al'manakh. 2009. No. 3. Vol. 2,
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contrast of basalt and glass fibers after chemical treatment.
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Diss. (Engineering). Moscow. 2009. 127 p.
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of cement stone with fiberglass. Steklo i keramika. 2014.
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basalt fiber and how to improve. Vestnik PNIPU.
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improvement of corrosion resistance in fibre-cement
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R., Pudov I.A., Polyanskikh I.S., Senkov S.A., Politae-
va A.I., Gordin A.F., Shaybadullina A.V. Nanostruk-
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Will It Be Possible to Reduce Expenditures for Education and Successfully Implement the Strategy of Innovative Development of Russia?
E.A. KARPOVA, ALI ELSAED MOHAMED, G. SKRIPKI–UNAS, Ja. KERIENE, A. KI AITE, G.I. YAKOVLEV, M. MACIJAUSKAS, I.A. PUDOV, E.V. ALIEV, S.A. SEN’KOV
Modification of Сement Сoncrete by use of Сomplex Additives Based on the Polycarboxylate Ether, Carbon Nanotubes and Microsilica...................40
E.A. KARPOVA1, Master Student, ALI ELSAED MOHAMED1, Ph. D. Student; G. SKRIPKI
UNAS2, Professor; Ja. KERIENE2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering);
A. KI AITE
2, Assoc. Prof; G.I. YAKOVLEV1
, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com); M. MACIJAUSKAS2, Ph. D. Student,
1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering); E.V. ALIEV1
, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), S.A. SEN’KOV3, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Keywords: concrete, cement paste, complex modifier, carbon nanostructures, rheological properties.
1 Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7, Studencheskaya Street, Izhevsk, 426069, Russian Federation)
2 Gediminas Vilnius Technical University (11, Saul
etekio al., LT–10223, Vilnius, Lithuania)
3 Perm State National Research Polytechnic University (29, Komsomolskiy Avenue, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation)
Modification of Сement Сoncrete by use of Сomplex Additives Based on the Polycarboxylate Ether,
Carbon Nanotubes and Microsilica
The use of complex modifiers based on polycarboxylate plasticizers and carbon nanostructures is becoming increasingly popular in modern materials science. The influence of complex
additives on the rheological characteristics of cement paste and as well on the physico-mechanical characteristics of heavy concrete is described in this paper. The presence of multi-
walled carbon nanotubes in DC-5 additive contributes to better compaction of the concrete structures, but insufficient dispersing of nanotubes in the carboxylate medium and the het-
erogeneity of their distribution in the cement matrix reduce their effectiveness. Using the complex additive with DC-5 and MS-85 microsilica results in additional compaction of the
cement matrix structure with calcium hydrosilicates, thus improving the mechanical properties of the modified concrete.
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ability of concretes and development of foam nanocon
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No. 37 (1), pp. 24–29. (In Russian).
11. WO 2014/080144A1. Method for producing a master mix
ture based on carbonaceous nanofillers and superplasticiser
and the use there of in hardenable inorganic systems.
Korzhenko A., Nincendeau Ch., Lushnikova A.,
Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N. Declared 25.11.2013.
A.I. POLITAEVA1, Bachelor (firstname.lastname@example.org); N.I. ELISEEVA2, Engineer (email@example.com); G.I. YAKOVLEV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering)
(firstname.lastname@example.org), G.N. PERVUSHIN
1, Doctor Sciences (Engineering); JI
Í HAVRÁNEK2, CSc.; O.Yu. MIKHAILOVA1, Master
Role of Silica Fume in Formation of Cement Matrix Structure and Efflorescence in Vibrocompressed Products
This study investigates the causes and the mechanism of efflorescence on the surface of vibrocompressed products. It has been found that the main reason for the formation of efflo-
rescence on the surface of vibrocompressed products is unbound calcium hydroxide in the composition of concrete. In order to reduce efflorescence dispersed silica fume is added to
cement matrix in the amount of up to 8% from the weight of Portland cement. It is shown that silica fume densifies the structure of vibrocompressed products due to the binding of free
calcium hydroxide with the formation of extra content of calcium hydrosilicates, thus, preventing efflorescence on the surface of molded products.
Keywords: calcium hydrosilicates, calcium hydroxide, efflorescence, microstructure, silica fume.
1 Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7, Studencheskaya Street, Izhevsk, 426069, Russian Federation)
2 OOO «Komplekt» (20, 50 let Pionerii Street, Izhevsk, 426033, Russian Federation)
3 STACHEMA CZ s.r.o. (Hasi
ská 1, 280 02, Kolín-Zibohlavy, Czech Republic)
1. M. Peck, D. Bosold, Т. Richter. Ausbluhungen. Zement-
Merkblatt Betontechnik. 2013. Vol. 27. (http://www.vdz-
Zementmerkblaetter/B27.pdf date of access 26.08.2014).
2. Fressel' F. Remont vlazhnykh i povrezhdennykh solyami
stroitel'nykh sooruzhenii [Repair wet and damaged salts
of building structures]. Moscow: Peint-Media. 2006.
3. Yakovlev G., Gailyus A. Salt corrosion of ceramic brick.
Glass and Ceramics. 2005. Vol. 62 (9–10), pp. 321–323.
4. Inchik V.V. Salt corrosion brickwork. Stroitel'nye Mate
rialy [Construction Materials]. 2001. No. 8, pp. 35–37.
5. Bolte G., Dienemann W. Efflorescence on concrete
products – causes and strateqies for avoidance. ZKG
International. 2004. Vol. 57 (9), pp. 78–86.
6. Singh L.P., Bhattacharyya S.K., Shah S.P., Mishra G.,
Ahalawat S., Sharma U.. Studies on early stage hydration
of tricalcium silicate incorporating silica nanoparticles:
Part I. Construction and Building Materials. 2015. Vol. 74,
7. Quercia G., Lazaro A., Geus J.W., Brouwers H.J.H.
Characterization of morphology and texture of several
amorphous nano-silica particles used in concrete. Cement
& Concrete Composites. 2013. Vol. 44, pp. 77–92.
8. Pengkun Hou, Jueshi Qian, Xin Cheng, Surendra P.
Shah. Effects of the pozzolanic reactivity of nano SiO2 on
cement-based materials. Cement & Concrete Composites.
2015. Vol. 55, pp. 250–258.
9. Hou P., Cheng X., Qian J., Zhang R., Cao W., Shah S.P.
Characteristics of surface-treatment of nano-SiO2 on the
transport properties of hardened cement pastes with
different water-to-cement ratios. Cement & Concrete
Composites. 2015. Vol. 55, pp. 26–337.
10. Singh L.P., Karade S.R., Bhattacharyya S.K.,
Yousuf M.M., Ahalawat S. Beneficial role of nanosilica in
cement based materials. Construction and Building
Materials. Vol. 47, pp. 1069–1077.
11. Grangeon S., Claret F., Lerouge C., Warmont F.,
Sato T., Anraku S., Numako C., Linard Y., Lanson B. On
the nature of structural disorder in calcium silicate
hydrates with a calcium/silicon ratio similar to
tobermorite. Cement and Concrete Research. 2013.
Vol. 52, pp. 31–37.
12. Merlin A. Etzold, Peter J. McDonald, Alexander F.
Routh. Growth of sheets in 3D confinements – a model
for the C–S–H meso structure. Cement and Concrete
Research. 2014. Vol. 63, pp. 137–142.
13. Papatzani S., Paine K., Calabria-Holley J. A compre
hensive review of the models on the nanostructure of
calcium silicate hydrates. Construction and Building
Materials. 2015. Vol. 74, pp. 219–234.
14. Laukaitis А., Kerien
e J., Kligys M., Mikulskis D.,
e L. Influence of Amorphous Nanodispersive
SiO2 additive on structure formation and properties
of autoclaved aerated concrete. Materials Science
(Med iagotyra). 2010. Vol. 16 (3), pp. 257–263.
15. Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N., Kerene Ya., ets.
Nanostrukturirovanie kompozitov v stroitel'nom
materialovedenii: monografiya [Nanostructuring of
composites in construction materials]. Izhevsk: Izhevsk
State Technical University. 2014. 196 p.
16. Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N., Keriene Ja., Poliyans
kich I.S., Pudov I.A., Chazeev D.R., Senkov S.A.
Complex additive based on carbon nanotubes and silica
fume for modifying autoclaved aerated gas silicate.
Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014.
No. 1–2, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
17. Gorshkov V.S., Savel'ev V.G., Abakumov A.V.
Vyazhushchie, keramika i steklokristallicheskie materialy:
struktura i svoistva: spravochnoe posobie [Binders,
ceramics and glassy-crystalline materials: structure and
properties]. Moscow: Stroiizdat. 1994. 584 p.
YU.V. TOKAREV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), D.V. GOLOVIN1, Master of 2 course (firstname.lastname@example.org);
2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering); HUIGANG XIAO3
, Ph.D., TAO DU3, Graduate Student 1st year
1 Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7, Studencheskaya Street, Izhevsk, 426069, Russian Federation)
2 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
3 Harbin Institute of Technology, (92 Xidazhi Street, Nangang, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China, 150001)
On Influence Mechanism of Magnesite-Based Active Additives and Carbon Nanotubes
on Structure and Properties of Anhydrite Binder
The substantiation of the necessity to use a complex of additives to improve properties of anhydrite binder and influence mechanism on structure with the help of methods of quantum-
chemical modeling and physical-chemical analysis is given. Particles of dispersed magnesite act as crystallization centers, along the surface of which crystalline hydrates of calcium sul-
fate dihydrate are formed, and they also contribute to structuring of anhydrite matrix increasing the durability up to 100% at optimal additive content of 3%. Based on the results of
IR-spectra, carbon nanotubes have much more influence on calcium sulfate dihydrate structure than caustic magnesite. The more compact and durable structure with the increased
durability characteristics up to 150% in comparison with reference composition with optimal concentration of carbon nanotubes – 0,001% and magnesite – 3% is formed during joint
use of additives.
Keywords: anhydrite, magnesite, carbon nanotubes, microstructure.
1. Shakhmenko G., Juhnevica I., Korjakins A. Influence of
sol-gel nanosilica on hardening processes and physicallymechanical
properties of cement paste. Procedia
Engineering. 2013. No. 57, pp. 1013–1021.
2. Starovoitova I.A., Khozin V.G., Korzhenko A.A., Khalikova
R.A., Zykova E.S. Structure formation in organicinorganic
binders modified by concentrates of multiwall
carbon nanotubes. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 1–2, pp. 12–20. (In Russian).
3. Siddique R., Mehta A. Effect of carbon nanotubes on
properties of cement mortars. Construction and Building
Materials. 2014. No. 50, pp. 116–129.
4. Setina J., Gabrene A., Juhnevica I. Effect of pozzolanic
additives on structure and chemical durability of concrete.
Procedia Engineering. 2013. No. 57, pp. 1005–
5. Inozemtsev A.S., Korolev E.V. Structure formation and
properties of constructional high-duty light concretes
with the application of nanomodifier BisNanoActivus.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014.
No. 1–2, pp. 33–37. (In Russian).
6. Trunilova D.S., Garkavi M.S., Shlenkina S.S. Features of
anhydrite hardening in the presence of lime and asbestos.
Vestnik of SUSU. 2010. No. 15, pp. 54–55. (In Russian).
7. Strokova V.V., Cherevatova A.V., Zhernovsky I.V.,
Voitovich E.V. Features of phase-formation in composite
nanostructured gypsum binder. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 7, pp. 9–13.
8. Tokarev Yu.V., Yakovlev G.I., Buryanov A.F. Anhydrite
compositions modified by ultradispersed additive based
on MgO. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2012. No. 7, pp. 17–24. (In Russian).
9. Izryadnova O.V., Yakovlev G.I., Polyanskikh I.S.,
Fischer H.-B., Senkov S.A. Change in the morphology of
crystalline hydrates when introducing ultra- and nanodispersed
structure modifiers into gypsum-cement-pozzolanic
binders. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 7, pp. 25–28. (In Russian).
10. Ye Qing, Zhang Zenan, Kong Deyu, Chen Rongshen.
Influence of nano-SiO2 addition on properties of hardened
cement paste as compared with silica fume.
Construction and Building Materials. 2007. Vol. 21,
11. Sychev M.M. Neorganicheskie klei [Inorganic glues].
Leningrad: Chimiya. 1974. 160 p.
12. Chen S.J., Collins F.G., Macleod A.J.N., Pan Z.,
Duan W.H., Wang C.M. Carbon nanotube–cement
composites: A retrospect. Civil&Structural Engineering.
2011. Vol. 4. No. 4, pp. 254–265.
13. Bobryshev A.N., Kozomazov V.N., Avdeev R.I.,
Solomatov V.I. Sinergetika dispersno-napolnennych
kompositov [Synergetics of disperse-filled composites].
Moscow: TSKT. 1999. 252 p.
O.V. IZRYADNOVA, Master of Engineering and Technology in Construction (Lese4k9@yandex.ru), S.V. SYCHUGOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
I.S. POLYANSKIKH, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), G.N. PERVUSHIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering),
G.I. YAKOVLEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University (7, Studencheskaya Street, Izhevsk, 426000, Russian Federation)
Polyfunctional Admixture Based on Carbon Nanotubes and Nanosilica
for Enhancing Physical and Mechanical Properties of Gypsum Cement Pozzolanic Binder
The paper studies the influence of polyfunctional admixture based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) dispersion in combination with nanosilica (NS) on the structure and
properties of gypsum cement pozzolanic binder (GCPB). The percentage of polyfunctional admixture varied. The results of the physical and mechanical tests have shown that adding
polyfunctional admixture at the amount of 0,006% (MWCNT) and 10% of NS-85 from Portland cement to gypsum cement system leads to the increase of compressive strength by 52%
and water resistance by 35%. Physical and chemical methods of the study have confirmed that polyfunctional admixture is reactive concerning the original gypsum cement pozzolanic
binder changing the intensity and shifts of the absorption lines in the IR spectra.
Keywords: gypsum cement pozzolanic binder, polyfunctional admixture, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, dispersion, nanosilica, crystalline hydrates, morphology.
1. Volzhenskii A.V., Stambulko V.I., Ferronskaya A.V.
Gipsotsementno-putstsolanovye vyazhushchie, betony i
izdeliya [Gypsum cement-pozzolanic binders, concrete
and products]. Moscow: Stroiizdat. 1971. 318 p.
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izdelii i konstruktsii [Durability of gypsum materials,
components and structures] Moscow: Stroiizdat. 1984.
3. Yakovlev G.I., Pervushin G.N., Maeva I.S., Korzhenko
A., Buryanov A.F., Machyulaytis R. Modification of
anhydrite compositions with multilayer carbon nanotubes.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2010. No. 7, pp. 25–27. (In Russian).
4. Frias M., Rodriguez O., Sanchez de Rojas M.I. Paper
sludge, an environmentally sound alternative source of
MK-based cementitious materials. A review. Construction
and Building Materials. 2015. Vol. 74, pp. 37–48.
5. Hela R., Marsalova J. Possibilities of nanotechnology in
concrete. Nanotechnology for environmentally friendly and
sustainable construction: Proceedings of the 3rd International
Conference. Cairo (Egypt). March 14–17, 2010, pp. 8–15.
6. Izryadnova O.V., Gordina A.F., Yakovlev G.I., Fisher
Kh.-B. Regulation of crystalline morphology in the
structure of gypsum matrix ultra- and nano-dispersed additives.
Izvestiya KGASU. 2014. No. 3 (29), pp. 108–113.
7. Brykov A. S., Kamaliev R.T., Mokeev M.V. Influence of
ultrafine silica on the hydration of Portland cement.
Zhurnal prikladnoi khimii. 2010. Vol. 83. No. 2, pp. 211–
216. (In Russian).
8. Patent WO2012085445 A1. D’introduction de nanocharges
carbonees dans un inorganique durcissable /
Gaillard P., Havel M., Korzhenko A., Oreshkin D.V.
Pervuchin G.N., Yakovlev G.I. Declared 20.12.1011.
Published 28.06.12. Bulletin 12/25.
9. Pudov I.A. Nanomodification Portland cement aqueous
dispersions of carbon nanotubes. Diss ... Cand.
(Engineering). Kazan. 2013. 185 p.
10. Izryadnova O.V., Plekhanov T.A., Sychugov S.V.,
Shayhalislamova A.F., Nureyev L.Z., Hrushkova N.V.
Nanodisperse complex influence of additives on the
physical and mechanical properties of gypsum cementpozzolan
binder. Collection of scientific works of the
International Scientific and Technical Conference «Youth
and knowledge – a guarantee of success» Kursk. 2014,
pp. 140–143. (In Russian).
11. Izryadnova O.V., Maeva I.S. Influence of nano-dispersed
modifiers on the structure of gypsum composite.
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undergraduates and young scientists «Young scientists
– to accelerate scientific and technological progress in the
XXI century» Izhevsk. 2011, pp. 13–16. (In Russian).
12. Izryadnova O.V., Yakovlev G.I., Polyanskikh I.S., Fisher
H.-B., Senkov S.A. Change of morphology of crystal
hydrates at incorporation of ultra- and nano disperse
modifiers structures into gypsum cement-pozzolana
binders. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2014. No. 7, pp. 25–27. (In Russian).
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A.M. Ik-spektroskopiya v neorganicheskoi tekhnologii
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14. Gorshkov V.S., Timashev V.V., Savel’ev V.G. Metody
fiziko-khimicheskogo analiza vyazhushchikh veshchestv
[Methods of physic-chemical analysis of binders].
Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1981. 197 p.
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i koordinatsionnykh soedinenii [Infrared and raman
spectra of inorganic and coordination compounds].
Moscow: Mir, 1991. 536 p.
16. Naser Gharehbash, Alireza Shakeri. Modification of the
surface of silica nanoparticles; studying its structure and
thermal properties in order to strengthen it in preparing
Nano composites. Journal of American Science. 2013.
No. 9 (4), pp. 602–606.
M. R. NURTDINOV, Еngineer, V.G. SOLOVYEV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
A.F. BURYANOV, Doctor of Science es (Engineering)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (129337, Moscow, 26 Yaroslavskoe sh.)
Fine Concretes Modified with AlOOH and Al2O3 Nanofibers
The article discusses the prospects and features of application of the nano-fibers from AlOOH and γ, δ-Al2O3 in fine concrete. Showed the results experimental studies to determine the
properties of fine concretes with the addition of nanofibers in an amount of 3,8 and 13% by weight of the binder. Determined the influence on the properties of fine concrete mixtures by
different content of nanofibers. Maximal effect from introducing nanofibers into fine concretes affects on elastic modulus, whose value is increased from 18,3 GPa to 40,9 GPa, depend-
ing on the dosage of the additive. Found that the introduction of 8% nanofibers by weight of the binder causes a decrease in strength characteristics due to the increased porosity of the
composites, and only entering 13% of the fibers increases the strength characteristics on 25%.
Keywords: fine concrete, elastic modulus, porosity, strength characteristics, AlOOH and γ, δ-Al2O3 nanofibers.
1. Kienskaya K.I., Kuzovkova A.A., Marchenko I.N.
Synthesis and some of the applications hydrosols boehm
ite. Nauchnye vedomosti. Estestvennye nauki. 2014.
No. 3 (174). Issue 26, pp. 123–127. (In Russian).
2. Solovyev V.G., Bur’yanov A.F., Elsuf’eva M.S. Features
of the production of steel fibre concrete products and
designs. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2014. No. 3, pp. 18–21. (In Russian).
3. Kochanov D.I. Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for
engineering: current status and prospects of application.
Armaturostroenie. 2011. No. 4 (73), pp. 55–61. (In Russian).
4. Falikman V.R., Sobolev K.G. Plenty of room beyond, or
how nanotechnology can change the world of concrete.
Nanotekhnologii v stroitel’stve: nauchnyi internet-zhurnal.
2010. No. 6. Vol. 2, pp. 17–31. http://www.nanobuild.
of access 24.12.2014). (In Russian).
5. Campillo A. Guerrero J.S., Dolado A., Porro J.A.,
Ibanez S., Goni. Improvement of initial mechanical
strength by nanoalumina in belite cements. Materials
Letters. 2007. Vol. 61, pp. 1889–1892.
6. Elsuf’eva M.S., Solovyev V.G., Bur’yanov A.F. The use
of expanding additives in steel fiber concrete. Stroitel’
nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 8,
pp. 60–63. (In Russian).
A.N. GRISHINA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), E.V. KOROLEV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (KorolevEV@mgsu.ru)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoe Highway, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation)
Effectivness of Cement Composite Nanomodification with Nanoscale Barium Hydrosilicates
Nanoscale modification of building materials often leads to significant improvement of operational properties. To obtain apparent and stable nanomodification effect for composites with
inhomogeneous structure (cement, gypsum and similar matrices) it is necessary to eliminate defects on different spatial levels. It is evident that to increase the effectiveness of
nanoscale additives it is necessary to reduce the amount of capillaries and large macropores in material. The necessary preliminary operation is the optimization of structure at micro
scale level. Only after such stage the nanomodification should be performed. The applicability of such approach was examined with the most used binder which is subject to further
nanomodification – portland cement, and also with the binder composition, which is the mixture of portland cement optimally matched with the mineral additive based on micro-scale
reactive barium hydrosilicates (with diameter d ~ 6 mm) of the composition BaO·SiO2·6H2O. The composition of the nanoscale additives with barium hydrosilicates was obtained in
dilute solutions by means of low-temperature sol-gel synthesis. It is shown that total porosity of the material significantly changes due to of the decrease in the proportion of macro-
scale pores. The variation in pore size distribution is examined and the effect of nanoscale modification on the structural parameters of the pore space is established. Examination of the
strength of the obtained artificial stone confirms the assumption that composites which are optimized at all structural levels possess higher properties.
Keywords: nanomodification, barium hydrosilicates, building materials.
1. Korolev E.V. Principle of realization of nanotechnology
in constructional material science. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 60–64.
2. Korolev E.V. Estimation of nanoscale components con
centration for modification of constructional composites.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014.
No. 6, pp. 31–34. (In Russian).
3. Dvorkin L.I., Dvorkin L.O. Osnovi betonovedeniya
[Concrete science]. St. Petersburg. 2006. 690 p.
4. Grishina A.N., Korolev E.V., Satyukov A.B. Radiation
protective composite binder extended with barium hy
drosilicates. Advanced Materials Research. 2014.
Vol. 1040, pp. 351–355.
5. Grishina A.N., Korolev E.V., Satyukov A.B. Products of
reaction between barium chloride and sodium hyrdosili
cates: examination of composition. Advanced Materials
Research. 2014. Vol. 1040, pp. 347–350.
6. Loganina V.I., Kislitsina S.N., Zhegera K.V. Application
of artifical alumina silicates for cement-based tiling glue.
Izvestiya visshih uchebnih zavedenii. Stroitel’stvo. 2013.
No. 10 (658), pp. 23–27. (In Russian).
7. Grishina A.N., Korolev E.V. Selection of the barium
based dispersed phase for radiation-protective material.
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ness improvement of construction materials». RF. Penza.
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8. Kalashnikov V.I., Erofeev V.T., Moroz M.N., Troya
nov I.Yu., Volodin V.M., Suldaltcev O.V. Nanohydro
silicate technologies in production of concrete. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 88–
91. (In Russian).
9. Korolev E.V., Grishina A.N., Satyukov A.B. Chemical
composition of nanomodified composite binder with
nano- and microsized barium silicate. Nanotekhnologii v
stroitel’stve: scientific Internet-journal. 2014. Vol. 6. No. 4,
pp. 90–103. Available at: http://nanobuild.ru/en_EN/.
10. Grishina A.N., Satyukov A.B., Korolev E.V. Early struc
ture forming of the modified cement stone with nanoscale
barium hydrosilicates. Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2014.
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structures // Physical-chemical mechanics of disperse
structures. Moscow: Nauka. 1966, pp. 3–16.
R. HELA, Professor (email@example.com), L. BODN
A Assoc. prof. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components
(Veveri 331/95, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic)
Research of Possibilities of Testing Effectiveness of Photoactive TiO2 in Concrete*
This paper is focused on gathering all available information on the application forms of photocatalytic TiO2 in concretes, especially in the surface layers of precast and monolithic struc-
tures. The paper describes in detail the properties of titanium dioxide alone and its special abilities leading to a substantial improvement of the environment through photocatalysis.
Further verification methods of photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide and titanium dioxide application in real projects are described.
Keywords: titanium dioxide, nanoparticles, concrete, monolithic structures.
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photocatalysis applied to concrete pavement for air
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