Table of contents
V.F. STROGANOV, Doctor of Sciences (Chemistry) (firstname.lastname@example.org), E.V. SAGADEEV, Doctor of Sciences (Chemistry) (email@example.com)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Biodeterioration of Building Materials
Problems of bio-deterioration are actual for all types of building materials. Bio-corrosion is the process of materials destruction under the effect of micro-organisms, first of all, mould
fungi and products of their metabolism – one, two, tribasic carboxylic acids. Existing methods of the study of bio-deteriorated building materials with the use of micro-organism strains
are very complicated and labor-intensive. In this regard, to investigate processes of bio-deterioration of building materials the method for simulating processes of bio-corrosion in slight
ly aggressive media of organic acids is proposed. The kinetic laboratory unit which makes it possible to simulate the process of bio-deterioration of polymeric and mineral building
materials, has been developed. Experimental studies of physical-chemical characteristics of epoxy polymers were conducted. Main parameters of bio-stability of mineral building materi-
als samples have been defined. It is shown that one of prospective methods for protection of mineral building materials against the effect of biologically active media is the use of
Keywords: bio-deterioration, epoxy polymers, cement-sand mortar, aggressive medium, simulation of bio-corrosion processes.
1. Allsopp D., Seal K. J., Gaylarde Ch. C. Introduction to
nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press. 2004. 252 p.
2. Handbook of biodegradable polymers. Editor Catia
Bastioli. Shawbury, United Kingdom: Rapra Technology
Limited. 2005. 549 p.
3. Ehrenstein G.W., Pongratz S. Resistance and stability of
polymers. Munich, Cincinnati: Hanser Publishers. 2013.
4. Silva M.R., Naik T.R. Biodeterioration of concrete struc
tures in coastal zone. Third International Conference on
Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies.
Kyoto. Japan. 2013, pp. 418–425.
5. Morgulec E.N., Prokopchuk N.R., Goncharova I.A.
Study the biological stability of film-forming agents and
enamels based on them. Trudy belorusskogo gosudarstven
nogo tehnologicheskogo universiteta. Serija 4: himija,
tehnologija organicheskih veshhestv i biotehnologija. 2008.
Vol. 1. Iss. XVI, pp. 214–217. (In Russian).
6. Sabadaha E.N., Prokopchuk N.R. Goncharova I.A.
Influence of the fungal metabolites on physical and me-
chanical properties of paint coatings. Trudy belorusskogo
gosudarstvennogo tehnologicheskogo universiteta. Serija 4:
himija, tehnologija organicheskih veshhestv i biotehnologija.
2010. Vol. 1. Iss. XVIII, pp. 306–309. (In Russian).
7. Morgulec E.N., Prokopchuk N.R., Goncharova I.A. Effect
of the pigments and waterborne film-formers for paint coat
ings biostability. Reports of the National Academy of Sciences
of Belarus. 2009. Vol. 53. No. 2, pp. 65–68. (In Russian).
8. Zemskov S.M., Kaznacheev S.V., Morozova A.N.
Biodegradation of polymer materials and products.
Ogarev-online. Razdel “Tehnicheskie nauki”: scientific in
ternet-journal. 2013. No. 13. http://journal.mrsu.ru/arts/
(date of access 29.11.2014). (In Russian).
9. Patent RF № 2471188. Sposob ispytanii stroitel’nykh ma
terialov na biostoikost’ [The test method of construction
materials on biostability at the request number]. Stroga
nov V.F., Kukoleva D.A. Declared 21.10.11. Published
27.12.12. Bulletin No. 36. (In Russian).
10. Stroganov V.F., Sagadeev E.V. Vvedenie v biopovrezhde
nie stroitel’nykh materialov: monografiya [Introduction
to the biodeterioration of construction materials: mono
graph]. Kazan: KSUAE. 2014. 200 p.
11. Irzhak V.I. Arkhitektura polimerov [The architecture of
the polymers]. Moscow: Nauka. 2012. 368 p.
12. Akhmetshin A.S., Stroganov V.F., Kukoleva D.A.,
Habibullin I.G., Stroganov I.V. Influence of water and
aqueous carboxylic acids on properties of epoxide poly
mer materials // Polymer Science. Ser. D. 2009. Vol. 2.
No. 4, pp. 204–208.
A.M. SULEYMANOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Actual Tasks in Prediction of Durability of Polymeric Building Materials
It is shown that at present there are no methodology, methods and standards which make it possible to accurately predict the durability and guaranteed time of operation of materials,
products and structures, aging and destruction of which under the impact of operational factors, bring significant damage to the economy. It is noted that polymeric building materials
vary greatly in mechanisms of aging and destruction. To develop a theoretical base for the new generation of standards for engineering methods for predicting the durability and service
time of polymeric building materials the analysis of the issue has been made, the scientific problem has been structured, ways of further investigations in this field have been outlined.
Keywords: aging and destruction, prediction of service time, polymeric building materials, accelerated laboratory testing.
1. Yoshinori Kin, Yasuko Sasaki. What is Environmental
Testing? Espec Technology Report. No. 1, pp. 2–15.
pdf/a1/e_1.pdf (date of access 23.04.2015).
2. Günter Schmitt, Michael Schütze, George F. Hays,Wayne
Burns, En-Hou Han, Antoine Pourbaix, Gretchen
Jacobson. Global needs for knowledge dissemination,
research, and development in materials deterioration and
corrosion control. World Corrosion Organization. 2009.
44 p. http://www.corrosion.org/wco_media/whitepaper.
pdf (date of access 23.04.2015).
3. Kablov Ye.N. Corrosion or life. Nauka i zhizn’. 2012.
No. 11. http://www.nkj.ru/archive/articles/21322/ (date
of access 23.04.2015). (In Russian).
4. Eremin K.I., Alekseeva Ye.L., Matveyushkin S.A.,
Berezkina Yu.V. Expertise, monitoring, electronic certi
fication of buildings and structures. ENI «Edinaya stroi
weld/?id=20 (date of access 23.04.2015). (In Russian).
5. Kupriyanov V.N., Ivantsov A.I. To the question of dura
bility of multilayer enclosing structures. Izvestiya
KazGASU. 2011. No. 3 (17), pp. 63–70. (In Russian).
6. Ivantsov A.I., Kupriyanov V.N., Safin I.Sh. Natural re
searches operational impacts on the facade systems with dif
ferent types of effective insulation. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo
[Housing Construction]. 2013. No. 7, pp. 29–32. (In Russian).
7. Kupriyanov V.N., Ivantsov A.I. To the determination of
optimal longevity of mass housing’s enclosing structures.
Izvestiya KazGASU. 2013. No. 2 (24), pp. 118–125.
8. Kupriyanov V.N., Safin I.Sh., Shamsutdinova M.R.
Influence of construction fence on the condensation of
moisture vapor. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. No. 6, pp. 29–31. (In Russian).
9. Suleymanov A.M., Pomerantsev A.L., Rodionova O.Ye.
Prediction durability of materials by projective mathe
matical methods // Izvestiya KazGASU. 2009. No. 2 (12),
pp. 274–278. (In Russian).
10. Starovoitova I.A., Khozin V.G., Abdrakhmanova L.A.,
Rodionova O.Ye., Pomerantsev A.L. Application of non
linear pcr for optimization of hybrid binder used in con
struction materials. Chemometrics and Intelligent
Laboratory Systems. 2009. Vol. 97. No. 1, pp. 46–51.
11. Kablov Ye.N., Startsev O.V., Deev I.S., Nikishin Ye.F.
Properties of polymer composite materials after exposure
to the open space in Earth orbits. Vse materialy.
Entsiklopedicheskii spravochnik s Prilozheniem «Kommen
tarii k standartam, TU, sertifikatam». No. 10. 2012,
pp. 2–9. (In Russian).
R.K. NIZAMOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (Nizamov@kgasu.ru), L.A. ABDRAKHMANOVA1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.G. KHOZIN1
, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
1 Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
2 OOO «Transinzhkom» (2, Spartakovskaya Street, Kazan, 420107, Russian Federation)
Problems of Production and Prospects of Application of Polyvinyl-Chloride Wood-Polymer Composites in Construction
High-filled wood-polymer composites (WPC) are among the most promising composite materials on the basis of polyvinyl-chloride for building technology. Outstanding challenges of
the efficient processing of filled polyvinyl-chloride composites related to the structural features of PVC are considered on the basis of the analysis of scientific research results and mar-
ket development as well as on the basis of own investigations. Main technical advantages of polyvinyl-chloride WPC for construction purposes in comparison with WPC on the basis of
polyolefins are presented.
Keywords: PVC, wood-polymer composite, binding agents, nano-modification.
1. Klesov A.A. Drevesno-polimernye kompozity [Wood
polymer composites]. Saint-Peterburg: Nauchnye os
novyi tekhnologii, 2010. 736 p.
2. Kokta B.V. Composites of Polyvinyl Chloride-Wood
Fibers. Vinyl Tech.1990.Vol. 12. No. 3, pp. 146–153.
3. Matuana L.M., Balatinecz J.J., Park C.B. Surface
Characteristics of Chemically Modified Fibers Deter
mined by Inverse Gas Chromatog-raphy. Wood Fiber
Science. 1999. Vol. 31, pp. 116–127.
4. Korshun O.A. Ekologicheski chistye drevesnonapolnen
nye plastmassy. Stroitel’nyeMaterialy [Construction
Materials]. 1997. No. 5, pp. 8–11. (In Russian).
5. Burnashev A.I., Ashrapov A.Kh., Abdrakhmanova L.A.,
Nizamov R.K. Primenenie v retsepture drevesno-polim
ernogo kompozita nanomodifitsirovannogo polivini
lkhlorida. Izvestiya KGASU. 2013. No. 2 (24), pp. 226–
232. (In Russian).
6. Burnashev A.I., AshrapovA.Kh.,Abdrakhmanova L.A.,
Nizamov R.K. Struktura i svoistva modifitsirovannogo
drevesno-polimernogo kompozita. Stroitel’nyeMaterialy
[Construction Materials]. 2014. No. 3. pp. 104–106.
7. Abdrakhmanova L.A., Burnashev A.I., Nizamov R.K.,
Khozin V.G. Nanomodifikatsiya drevesnoi muki krem
nezolyami. Nanotekhnologii v stroitel’stve: scientific
Internet-journal. 2012. No. 3, pp. 56–67. http://www.
(date of access 19.03.15). (In Russian).
8. Nizamov R.K., Abdrahmanova L.A., Burnashev A.I.
Wood-polymer composites of building purposes based on
polyvinylchloride. Internationale Baumstofftagung
Bauhaus-Universität Weimar. Tagungsbericht. 2012.
BAND 2, pp. 1329–1333.
9. Burnashev A.I., Abdrakhmanova L.A., Nizamov R.K.,
Khozin V.G., Kolesnikova I.V., Fakhrutdinova F.Kh.
Nanomodifitsirovannaya drevesnaya muka – effektivnyi
napolnitel’ polivinilkhloridnykh kompozitsii.
Stroitel’nyeMaterialy [Construction Materials]. 2011.
No. 9, pp. 72–74. (In Russian).
10. Patent RF 2465292. Sposob polucheniya drevesno-po
limernoi kompozitsii na osnove zhestkogo polivinilkhlo
rida [A method for produc-ing wood-based polymercom-
position based on rigid PVC]. Burnashev A.I.,
Abdrakhmanova L.A., Nizamov R.K., Kolesnikova I.V.,
Khozin V.G. Declared 27.04.2011. Published 27.10.2012.
Bulletin No. 30. (In Russian).
R.A. IBRAGIMOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), V.S. IZOTOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Influence of Mechanical-Chemical Activation of a Binder on Physical-Chemical Properties of Heavy-Weight Concrete
Data on the influence of mechanical-chemical activation of the binder on the physical-mechanical properties of cement mortar and concrete are presented. The optimal time of mechani
cal-chemical activation in a rotor-pulsation apparatus has been established. It is shown that the activation of the binder leads to a significant improvement in the strength of cement
composites, especially at early stages of hardening, which is important for monolithic construction. Thus, in the first days of hardening the compressive strength is increased by 249%,
at the grade age – by 66% in comparison with the control composition. The mechanical-chemical activation of cement suspension leads to the formation of a more finely crystalline
structure of cement stone that makes it possible to increase the durability and strength of composites obtained.
Keywords: mechanical-chemical activation, rotor-pulsation apparatus, concrete, cement composites.
1. Morozov N.M., Stepanov S.V., Khozin V.G. Uskoritel of
curing of concrete on the basis of galvanic slime.
Inzhenerno-stroitel'nyi zhurnal. 2012. No. 8 (34), pp. 67–
71. (In Russian).
2. Urkhanova L.A., Sodnomov A.E. Regulation of physical and
mechanical properties of composite materials mechano
chemical activation binders. Stroitel'nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2007. No. 11, pp. 42–44. (In Russian).
3. Uvarov V.A., Shaptala V.G., Shaptala V.V., Ovchinni
kov D.A. The new direction of mechanical activation of
cement. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo
tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova. 2013.
No. 3, pp. 68–73. (In Russian).
4. Qian J., Shi C., Wang Z. Activation of blended cements
containing fly ash. Cement and Concrete Research. 2001.
Vol. 31. No. 8, pp. 1121–1127.
5. Andreeva A.V., Davydova N.N., Burenina O.N., Petukho
va E.S. Improvement of quality of fine-grained concrete by
cement mechanoactivation. Politematicheskii setevoi
elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo
agrarnogo universiteta. 2013. No. 94, pp. 451–460. (In Russian).
6. Mashkin N.A., Gutareva N.A., Zibnitskaya N.E.,
Urusova T.A., Sharypov P.Yu. Influence of activation of
cement and sand suspensions on physicomechanical
properties of fine-grained concrete. Izvestiya vuzov.
Stroitel'stvo. 2012. No. 11–12, pp. 26–33. (In Russian).
7. Kumar S., Bandopadhyay A., Rajinikanth V., Alex T.C.,
Kumar R. Improved processing of blended slag cement
through mechanical activation. Journal of Materials
Science. 2004. Vol. 39. No. 10, pp. 3449–3452.
8. Ibragimov R.A., Pimenov S.I., Izotov V.S. Vliyanie
mekhanokhimicheskoi aktivatsii vyazhushchego na
svoistva melkozernistogo betona. Inzhenerno-stroitel'nyi
zhurnal. 2015. No. 2 (54), pp. 63–69. (In Russian).
9. Sajedi F. Effect of curing regime and temperature on the
compressive strength of cement-slag mortars. Construction
and Building Materials. 2012. Vol. 36, pp. 549–556.
10. Solov'ev V.I., Tkach E.V., Serova R.F., Tkach S.A.,
Toimbaeva B.M., Seidinova G.A. Research of porosity of
the cement stone modified by complex organomineralny
modifiers. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya. 2014. No. 8,
pp. 590–595. (In Russian).
V.S. IZOTOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
A.D. MUHAMETRAHIMOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), A.R. GALAUTDINOV, Engineer
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Study of Influence of Active Mineral Additives on Rheological
and Physical-Mechanical Properties of a Gypsum-Cement-Pozzolanic Binder
The diversity of active mineral additives of different origin, mineral composition, dispersion degree and activity, including those which are by-products of industry, makes necessary to
study their properties and peculiarities of interaction with gypsum-cement compositions. The studies conducted made it possible to establish the hydraulic activity of mineral additives
studied, their influence on the rheological and physical-mechanical properties of a composite binder as well as to determine their optimal content in the mix composition. It is shown
that introducing the optimal quantities of studied active mineral additives makes it possible to obtain stable gypsum-cement-pozzolanic systems and improve operational properties of
products on their base that results in increasing the bending ultimate strength from 2 up to 48%, compressive strength – from 4 up to 49% and makes it possible to expand the area of
their application when manufacturing the wide range of building products.
Keywords: gypsum-cement-pozzolanic binder, active mineral additives, ettringite, hydraulic activity.
1. Volzhensky A.V. Mineral’nyye vyazhushchiye veshchest
va [Mineral binders]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1986. 464 p.
2. Khazeev D.R., Gordina A.F., Yakovlev G.I., Maeva I.S.,
Bur’yanov A.F. Influence of anthropogenic dispersed
waste on structure and properties of composites on the
basis of calcium sulphate. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2011. No. 6, pp. 6–7.
3. Ryazapov R.R. Fibrous construction composite materials
based on gypsum binder. Izvestiya KGASU. 2011. No. 3
(17), pp. 145–149. (In Russian).
4. Lukyanova A.N. Construction composite materials based
on modified gypsum binders derived from waste products.
Fundamental’nyye issledovaniya. Tekhnicheskiye nauki.
2013. No. 4, pp. 818–822. (In Russian).
5. Gamalii E.A. Complex modifiers based on ether polycar
boxylates and active mineral additives for heavy structural
concrete. Cand. Diss. (Engineering). Chelyabinsk. 2009.
217 p. (In Russian).
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based on man-made waste. Nauchnyy vestnik
Voronezhskogo GASU. Fiziko-khimicheskiye problemy i
vysokiye tekhnologii stroitel’nogo materialovedeniya. 2012.
No. 5, pp. 61–63. (In Russian).
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2000. No. 12, pp. 34–35. (In Russian).
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zov V.P., Bakhtin A.I. The effect of zeolite-bearing rocks
on the properties of gypsum binders. Izvestiya vysshikh
uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo. 1996. No. 3, pp. 51–
53. (In Russian).
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suspensions of composite gypsum binder and its compo
nents. Izvestiya KGASU. 2009. No. 2 (12), pp. 263–268.
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siliceous components on their adsorption capacity.
Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo GASU. Fiziko
khimicheskiye problemy i vysokiye tekhnologii stroitel’nogo
materialovedeniya. 2013. No. 2 (7), pp. 28–33.
11. Patent RF 2500633. Organomineral’nyy modifikator dlya
fibrotsementnykh kompozitsiy [Organic mineral modifier
for fiber cement compositions]. Izotov V.S., Muhamet
rahimov R.H. Declared 04.05.12. Published 12.10.13.
Bulletin No. 34. (In Russian).
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ucts. Production and use.]. Moscow: ASV. 2004. 488 p.
R.Z. RAKHIMOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), Corresponding Member of RAACS, (firstname.lastname@example.org),
N.R. RAKHIMOVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), A.R. GAIFULLIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Properties of Cement Stone with Glinite Additives
The expansion of the base of mineral additives in binding substances and materials on their basis can be achieved due to the use of natural pozzolans and activated clays. In recent decades
a high pozzolanic activity of metakaolin, the product of thermal activation of kaoline clays, was revealed. But the scarcity of deposits and reserves of kaolin clays prevents its wide-scale pro
duction and application. In connection with this, the last years many countries develop the use of pozzolans produced by means of thermal activation of everywhere widespread poly-mineral
clays with various content of kaolin or without it. Comparative studies of the influence of addition of glinite from polymineral, not-containing kaolinite clay, which is calcined at 400–800 оC
and milled up to the specific surface of 200–800 m
/kg, and high-quality meta-kaolin to Portland cement on the compression strength, water absorption and coefficient of cement stone soft-
ening have been carried out. It is revealed that the addition of 5–10% of glinite on the basis of non-kaolinite clay, calcined at a certain temperature and milled up to different specific sur
faces, to Portland cement can lead to a higher improvement of physical-technical properties of cement stone than corresponding content of meta-kaolin additives.
Keywords: рortland cement, clay, material, calcination, glinite, milling, additive, stone.
1. Ramachandran V.S. Concrete Admixtures Handbook
(Properties, Science and Technology). Second Edition.
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terials, present and future. Cement and concrete research.
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production and composition. A comprehensive overview.
Construction and Building Materials. 2013. Vol. 41, рp. 303–318.
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2012. No. 7–8. pp. 36–40. (In Russian).
6. Badogiamics S., Kakali G., Tsivilis S. Metacaolin as sup
plementary cementitious material. Optimization of kaolin
to metakaolin conversion. Journal of Thermal Analysis and
Calorimetry. 2005. Vol. 81. No. 2, pр. 457–462.
7. Tironi A., Castellano C.C., Bonavetti V.L, Trezza M.A.,
Scian A.N., Irassar F.F. Kaolinite calcined clay – Portland
cement system: Hydration and properties. Construction
and Building Materials. 2014. Vol. 64, pp. 215–221.
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Clay content of argillites influence on cement based mortars.
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stroitel’nykh materialov [Chemistry of inorganic building
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tal, techno-economic and technological conditions for
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2011. No. 4, pp. 73–79. (In Russian).
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particles made from aluminosilicates hydrating cement
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R.R. KASHAPOV, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org), N.M. KRASINIKOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
N.M. MOROZOV, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), V.G. KHOZIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com)
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (1, Zelenaya Street, Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation)
Influence of a Complex Additive on Cement Stone Hardening*
The efficiency of using the semi-product of chemical production, a soda-sulfate mix (SSM), containing compounds which are potentially able to accelerate the cement hardening,
is shown. As a result of the conducted study, the synergism of impact of accelerating pairs, included in the composition of the complex additive (SSM and widely used ones),
on the reduction of cement hardening time, development of plastic strength of the cement paste, temperature of cement paste hydration and kinetics of gain in strength
of cement stone both in the first hours of hardening and on the 28
day, has been revealed.
Keywords: complex additive, super-plasticizer, accelerator, synergism.
1. Bazhenov Y.M. Tekhnologiya betona [The technology of
concrete]. Moscow: ASV. 2002. 500 p.
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vated fine concrete in achievement of ultra-high durabil
ity. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013.
No. 10, pp. 10–11. (In Russian).
3. Khozin V.G., Morozov N.N., Salnikov A.V. By organic
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Concrete at the turn of the third millennium: Proceedings of
the 1st National Conference on concrete and reinforced con
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4. Stepanov S.V., Morozov N.M., Khozin V.G. Influence
of complex hardening accelerator for heat treatment of
fine-grained concrete. Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstven
nogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. 2014. No. 1,
pp. 164–169. (In Russian).
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[Additive in concrete and mortar]. 2 Ed. Rostov-on-Don:
Phoenix. 2007. 221 p.
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galvanic sludge processes of hardening cement composi
tions. Tsement i ego primenenie. 2011. No. 3, pp. 129–131.
7. Morozov N.M., Borovskikh I.V., Khozin V.G., Avksen
tiev V.I., Mugina H.G. Component Effect on sandy con
crete air entrainment during its preparation. Izvestiya
Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo
universiteta. 2011. No. 3, pp. 129–133. (In Russian).
8. Kalashnikov V.I. Gulyaev E.V., Valiev D.M. Influence of
the type of super- and hyperplasticizers reotechnological
properties of cement and mineral slurries, powder concrete
mixtures and mechanical properties of concrete. Izvestiya
vuzov. Stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 12, pp. 40–45. (In Russian).
9. Butt Y.M., Kolbasov V.M. [Influence of cement and harden
ing conditions on the structure of cement stone]. Proceedings
of the VI International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement.
Moscow. 1976. Book 2. Vol. 1, pp. 281–283. (In Russian).
10. Moskvin V.M. Ivanov F.M., Alekseev S.N., Guzeev E.A.
Korroziya betona i zhelezobetona, metody ikh zashchity.
[Corrosion of concrete and reinforced concrete, methods
for their protection]. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 1980. 536 p.
11. Izotov V.S., IbragimovR. A. Influence of the new com
plex additive on the basic properties of cement composi
tions. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2012. No. 6, pp. 63–65. (In Russian).
12. Cockroaches O.V., Pronin T.V. Rational use of multi
functional additives in technology winter concreting.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2009.
No. 2, pp. 10–13. (In Russian).
13. Mironov S.A., Malinin L.A. Uskorenie tverdeniya betona
[Acceleration of hardening concrete]. 2
nd ed. Moscow:
Stroyizdat. 1964. 348 p.
14. Butt Y.M., Timashev V.V. Praktikum po khimicheskoi tekh
nologii vyazhushchikh materialov [Workshop on chemical
technology binders]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola. 1973. 482 p.
15. Tarakanov O.V., Tarakanova E.O. Effect of hardening
accelerators to form the initial structure of cementations
materials. Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2009.
No. 2, pp. 56–64. (In Russian).
A.S. BOCHARNIKOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), M.A. GONCHAROVA, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org),
A.V. KOMARICHEV, Engineer
Lipetsk State Technical University (30, Moskovskaya Street, 398600, Lipetsk, Russian Federation)
Composite Materials on the Basis of Cement-Water Activated Systems
for Injecting Compaction of Concrete of Enveloping Structures*
Results of the optimization of composite materials on the basis of activated systems are presented. Results of the two-stage magnetic treatment of water and water systems of cement-
backfill compositions are shown. The use of the two stage magnetic field treatment of water and cement blend makes it possible to significantly improve the quality of injective concrete
Keywords: activated system, magnetic treatment, injecting compaction, cement-backfill composition.
1. Bocharnikov A.S. Dispersnoarmirovannye kompozi
cionnye materialy na osnove cementnyh vjazhushhih dlja
konstrukcij zashhitnyh sooruzhenij [Dispersnoarmiro
vannye composite materials based on cement binders for
the construction of protective structures]. Lipetsk: LSTU.
2004. 39 p.
2. Bocharnikov A.S. Seal of defects contact metal-concrete
structures in magnetic tracks. Proceedings of the universi
ties. North Caucasus region. Izvestiya vuzov. Severo
Kavkazskii region. Tekhnicheskie nauki. 2005. Vol. 3,
pp. 89–94. (In Russian).
3. Bocharnikov A.S., Glazunov A.V. Magnets for sealing
tre-communities in the concrete at the contact with
the products of metal magnetic sealing materials.
Proceedings of the International Congress. Science and
innovation in construction. Risk assessment and safety
in construction. Voronezh: VGASU. 2008. Vol. 3,
pp. 77–79. (In Russian).
4. Erofeev V.T., Mitin E.A., Matvievskiy A.A. Composite
building materials on activated water mixing. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction materiаls]. 2007. No. 11,
pp. 56–57. (In Russian).
5. Yerofeyev V.T., Mitin E.A., Matvievskiy A.A. Durability
of cement composites activated water. Promyshlennoe i
grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2008. No. 7, рр. 51–52.
6. Fokin G.A., Folimagina O.V. Research of influence of a
vikhredinamichesky field on properties of water of a zat
voreniye and plaster test. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh
zavedenii. Stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 4, рр. 29–35.
7. Fokin G.A., Folimagina O.V. Increase of efficiency of
materials on the basis of the plaster zatvoreniye knitting
by activation of water a vikhredinamichesky field.
Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. 2012. No. 1,
рр. 51–55. (In Russian).
8. Kasatkin V.I., Fedosov S.V., Akulova M.V. Influence
mechanomagnetic activation of aquatic systems on con
crete properties. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
materiаls]. 2007. No. 11. pp. 58–59. (In Russian).
A.N. LUGOVOY, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Engineering Department, A.G. KOVRIGIN, Engineer, Head of Technical Support Group
OOO «Biysk Zavod Stekloplastikov» (60/1, Leningradskaya Street, Biysk, Altai Krai, 659316, Russian Federation)
Three-Layer Reinforced Concrete Wall Panels with Composite Flexible Ties
The use of new materials in construction, such as composite flexible ties for three-layer reinforced concrete wall panels, requires a careful examination of operational characteristics of
these materials. To meet the requirements of the building code for safe operation of buildings it is necessary to make a technical assessment of new materials with the determination of
operation coefficients under conditions of aggressive media impact, long-term mechanical impacts and other factors simulating actual operating conditions. For ties SPA 7.5 of the Biysk
zavod stekloplastikov, the operation coefficients have been determined; new methods for calculation of the number of ties and rules of their installation are proposed on the basis of
Keywords: large panel housing construction, composite flexible ties, requirements of technical documentation, factors of working conditions, complex of technical assessment of com
posite flexible ties, methods for calculation of number of ties.
1. Nikolaev S.V. Modernization of Base of Large-Panel
Housing Construction is a Locomotive of Social Housing
Construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
2. Nikolaev S.V. Revival of large-panel housing construction in
Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction].
2012. No. 4, pp. 2–8. (In Russian).
3. Sapacheva L.V., Yumasheva E.I. Large Panel Building
Construction Remains the Most Rapid and Cost-Effective.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014.
No. 10, pp. 2–8. (In Russian).
4. Lugovoy А.N., Kovrigin A. G. Composite Flexible Bracings
for Three-Layered Thermal Efficient Panels. Stroitel'nye
Materialy [Construction materiаls]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 32–33.
5. Lugovoy А.N. Enhancement of Energy Efficiency of
Enclosing Structures. Stroitel'nye Materialy [Construction
materiаls]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 22–24. (In Russian).
E.I. YUMASHEVA, Engineer (email@example.com)
OOO RIF “Stroymaterialy” (9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Highway, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
German Manufacturers in Russia: Historical Analogues and Continuity of Traditions
On the example of entrepreneurial activity of A. Knauf in Russia in the XIX century and the company “KNAUF” managed by Nikolaus and Baldvin Knauf, representatives of the dynasty, in the
XXI century, the continuity of traditions of German business activity - manufacture of high quality production, introduction of new technologies, staff training, social responsibility – is shown.
Keywords: Germans in Russia, entrepreneurship, energy efficiency, ecological safety, social responsibility, Knauf, gypsum finishing materials, resource center, gypsum-fibre sheet,
element of precast sub-floor, dry building mixes.
1. Nemtsy Rossii. Entsiklopediya. Тom 1 [Russian Germans.
Encyclopedia. Vol. 1] Moscow: ERN. 1999. 832 p.
2. Los L.M. “KNAUF” Group: 20 years of investments in
Russia – lessons and prospects. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 2, pp. 73–75. (In Russian).
3. Keller A. Der deutsch-russische Unternehmer Andreas
Knauf im Ural. Quaestio Rossica. 2013. No. 1, pp. 144–159.
4. Moiseev A.P. The Germans in the South Urals.
Chelyabinsk: Igor Rosin Publishing. 2013. 240 p.
V.P. BLAZHKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Division of Structures for Residential and Public Buildings (firstname.lastname@example.org)
M.Yu. GRANIK, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Head of Laboratory of Decorative and Modified Concretes Technology
OAO «TSNIIEP zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy (TSNIIEPzhilishcha)»
(9, structure 3, Dmitrovskoye Highway, 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Flexible Basalt-Plastic Ties for Using in Three-Layer Panels of External Walls
Results of the experimental study of bearing capacity of flexible basalt-plastic ties on pulling out from concrete are presented. The general methodology of conducting the experimental
study is presented. Experimental forming of fragments of the external layer made of concretes of different classes with different types of basalt-plastic flexible ties and methods for their
grouting in concrete were made. The main types of destruction in the course of pulling out from concrete are considered. Results obtained in the course of strength tests of
experimental samples have been analyzed. The optimal working loads for using these ties have been determined. Conditions of the application of ties for three-layer wall panels have
Keywords: three-layer reinforced concrete panels of external walls, façade layer, flexible ties, tie-hangers, tie-spreaders, basalt-plastic, molded sleeve made of corrosion-resistant steel,
extraction of ties, strength tests, embedment depth, energy efficiency, energy saving
1. Ostretsov V.M., Magay A.A., Voznyuk A.B., Gorelkin
A.N. Flexible System of Panel Housing Construction.
Zhilishchnoe Stroitel'stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011.
No. 8, pp. 8–11. (In Russian).
2. Nikolaev S.V. Revival of large-panel housing
construction in Russia. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing
Construction]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 2–8. (In Russian).
3. Tikhomirov B.I., Korshunov A.N. The line of
bezopalubochny formation – efficiency plant with
flexible technology. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 22–26. (In Russian).
4. Sokolov B.S., Mironova Yu.V., Gataullina D.R. Ways of
Overcoming of Crisis Situation in Large-Panel Housing
Construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 4–6. (In Russian).
5. Yumasheva E.I., Sapacheva L.V. The house-building
industry and the social order of time. Stroitel'nye Materialy
[Construction materiаls]. 2014. No. 10, pp. 3–11.
6. Yarmakovsky V.N., Kostin A.N., Fotin O.V., Kondyu
rin A.E. Thermal Efficient External Walls of Buildings
Built with the Use of Monolithic Polysterene Concre-
te with High-Porous and Plasticized Matrix. Stroitel'
nye Materialy [Construction materiаls]. 2014. No. 6,
pp. 18–24. (In Russian).
7. Savin V.K. Energoekonomika [Power economy].
Moscow: Lazur. 2011. 415 p. (In Russian).
8. Karpenko N.I., Yarmakovsky V.N, Shkolnik Ya.Sh.
State and using perspectives of by-products in building
industry. Ecologiya i promishlennost Rossii. 2012. No. 10,
pp. 50–55. (In Russian).
9. Umniakova N.P. Rising of energo-effective buildings to
reduce the action for sustainable. Vestnik MGSU. 2011.
No. 3, pp. 221–227. (In Russian).
Experience in Reconstruction of Domestic Shaft Kiln at OAO «Izvestkovyy Zavod»
Features of the lime raw material causing the low productivity and quality of shaft burning kilns at OAO «Izvestkovyy Zavod» (Republic of Bashkortostan) are presented.
Processes taking place in the kiln are shown. Results of the monitoring of the shaft kiln operation with tuyere gas burners GFI are given.
Keywords: shaft kilns, lime, lime stone, tuyere gas burners.
A.V. MONASTYREV1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering); A.V. ZHELTOUKHOV2, General Director
1 Non-commercial Partnership of Lime Manufacturers (73, Lenina Street, 394001, Voronezh, Russian Federation)
2 OAO «Izvestkovyy Zavod» (61, Babushkina Street, Sterlitamak, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
1. Monastyrev A.V., Galiakhmetov R.F. Pechi dlya proiz
vodstva izvesti [Kilns for production of lime]. Voronezh:
Istoki. 2011. 392 p.
2. Monastyrev A.V. Whether always it is necessary to buy the equip
ment of foreign firms for limy production. Stroitel’nye materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 9, pp. 4–8. (In Russian).
V.B. PETROPAVLOVSKAYA1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering); T.B. NOVICHENKOVA1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering);
2, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering); I.V. OBRAZTSOV1
, Engineer (email@example.com); K.S. PETROPAVLOVSKY1, Master (firstname.lastname@example.org)
1 Tver State Technical University (22, Afanasiya Nikitina Embankment, 170023, Tver, Russian Federation)
2 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (26, Yaroslavskoye Hwy , 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation)
Simulation of Gypsum Composites Structures
To study the possibility of reducing the power consumption during the manufacture of gypsum materials, a potential for activating the structure formation process by means of selection of
an optimal granulometric composition is investigated. The simulation of the topological structure of the gypsum system of hydration hardening was carried out. The system created by
spheres of two sizes located in the hexagonal structure was selected as an object for research. With the help of three-dimensional simulation, a quantitative assessment of the packed
array of spherical particles was obtained. Results of the study of differential and integral curves of particles distribution in disperse gypsum systems are presented. On the basis of results
of their analysis with due regard for results of the computer simulation, the study of real gypsum mixes of different grinding fineness was conducted. The optimal granulometric composi-
tion of the bi-disperse raw mix has been defined with the help of the developed software complex of structural-simulation modeling of disperse systems which are used in the technology
of building composite materials.
Keywords: disperse system, structure, simulation, gypsum, contacts, durability.
1. Rumyantsev B.M., Fedulov A.A. Prospects for the use of
gypsum materials in building construction. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2006. No. 1, pp. 22–
25. (In Russian).
2. Chernysheva N.V., Kharkhardin A.N. El’yan Issa Zhamal
Issa, Drebezgova M.Yu. Calculation and selection of
high-density grain composition of aggregate and concrete
on a gypsum composite binders. Vestnik Belgorodskogo
gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta. 2014.
No. 2, pp. 43–48. (In Russian).
3. Kharkhardin A.N. Structural topology disperse systems
of interacting micro- and nanoparticles. Izvestiya vuzov.
Stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 5, pp. 119–125. (In Russian).
4. Kharkhardin A.N. Structural topology dispersed materi
als dry and wet grinding methods. Izvestiya vuzov.
Stroitel’stvo. 2011. No. 8–9, pp. 112–117. (In Russian).
5. Gavrilova N.N., Nazarov V.V., Yarovaya O.V.
Mikroskopicheskie metody opredeleniya razmerov chas-
tits dispersnykh materialov [Microscopic methods for the
determination of particle size of dispersed materials].
Мoscow: RHТU. 2012. 52 p.
6. Kharkhardin A.N., Suleimanova L.A., Strokova V.V. The
topological properties of polydisperse mixtures and their
constituent fractions based on the results of sieve analysis
and laser granulometry. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel’stvo.
2012. No. 11–12, pp. 114–124. (In Russian).
7. Petropavlovskaya V.B., Belov V.V., Novichenkova T.B.
Maloenergoemkie gipsovye stroitel’nye kompozity [Low
power gypsum building composites]. Тver: ТvGTU,
2014. 136 p.
8. Garkavi M.S. The evolution of structural states hardening
cementitious systems. Architecture. Building. Education:
Papers of scientific conference. Magnitogorsk. 2013.
pp. 185–192. (In Russian).
9. Belov V.V., Petropavlovskaya V.B., Poleonova Yu.Yu.,
Obraztsov I.V. Getting high unburned gypsum materials
based on man-made waste using mathematical and com
puter modeling of the raw mix. Vestnik Volgogradskogo
gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta.
Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura. 2013. Vol. 31. Book. 2.
Stroitel’nye nauki, pp. 563–570. (In Russian).
10. Belov V.V., Obraztsov I.V. Komp’yuternoe mode
lirovanie i optimizirovanie sostavov stroitel’nykh kom
pozitov [Computer simulation and optimization formu
lations building composites]. Тver: ТvGTU. 2014.
S.N. LEONOVICH1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (SLeonovich@mail.ru); D.V. SVIRIDOV2, Doctor of Sciences (Chemistry) (email@example.com),
2, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry), P.I. RADYUKEVICH3
, Director (firstname.lastname@example.org); A.L. BELANOVICH2, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry),
2, Senior staff scientist, S.A. KARPUSHENKOV2
, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry)
1 Belarusian National Technical University (65, Nezavisimosti Avenue, Minsk, 220013, Belarus)
2 Belarusian State University (14, Leningradskaya Street, Minsk, 220030, Belarus)
3 «Parad» ZAO (14, Minina Street, Minsk, 220014, Belarus)
Composition of a Dry Mix for Non-Autoclaved Foam Concrete of Natural Hardening
A dry mix composition for manufacturing the non-autoclaved foam concrete of natural hardening on the basis of Portland cement, foaming agent Ufapore, quickening and plasticizing
agent Tsitrat-T, microsilica MK-85, sulfate-aluminate additive PCAM, basalt fiber, and polymeric powder Vinappas-8034 has been developed. In the course of mixing the dry mix with
water at B/T 0,4–0,6, subsequent mechanical swelling (2000 rpm), and foam mass hardening, the non-autoclaved concrete of 400–800 kg/m
3 density (depending on B/T),
1,1–3,4 MPa strength, low water absorption (50–60%) and without shrinkage cracks is formed. Its mechanical properties are very close to autoclaved concrete properties.
Keywords: dry mix, non-autoclaved foam concrete, additives, shrinkage cracks, durability.
1. Leonovich S.N., Sviridov D.V., Belanovich A.L., Shchu-\
kin G.L., Savenko V.P., Karpushenkov S.A. Extension of
life mortars. Stroitel’nie Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2012. No. 10, pp. 74–77. (In Russian).
2. Patent BY 18077. Sposob polucheniya uskoritelya tverdeni
ya dlya betonov i stroitel’nih rastvorov [A method for pro
ducing a hardening accelerator for concrete and morta].
Savenko V.P., Shchukin G.L., Leonovich S.N.,
Sviridov D.V., Belanovich A.L., Radyukevich P.I.,
Karpushenkov S.A. Declared 12.04.2012. Published
30.04.2014. Bulletin No. 2. (In Russian).
3. Velichko E.G., Komar A.G. Prescription and technological
problems of the foam concrete. Stroitel’nie Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2004. No. 3, pp. 26–29. (In Russian).
4. Udachkin I.V. Key issues in the development of the produc
tion of foam concrete. Stroitel’nie Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2005. No. 3, pp. 8–9. (In Russian).
5. Urhanova L.A. The use of secondary raw materials for the
production of foam concrete. Stroitel’nie Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2008. No. 1, pp. 34–35. (In Russian).
6. Bezrukova T.F. Dobavki v yacheistii beton [Additives in
cellular concrete]. Moscow: VNIIESM. 1990. 37 p.
7. Serdyuk V.P., Vahitov S.G. Intensification of structure
formation and hardening of porous concrete.
Promishlennost’ stroitel’nih materialov. Seriya 8.
Promishlennost’ avtoklavnih materialov i mestnih vya
zhushchih. 1983. Vol. 11, pp. 13–15. (In Russian).
8. Vasilevskaya N.G., Engzhievskaya I.G., Kalugin I.G.
The cement compositions reinforced by a disperse basalt
fiber. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.
2011. No. 3, pp. 153–158. (In Russian).
9. Vasilevskaya N.G., Engzhievskaya I.G., Kalugin I.G.
Management of structure of cellular fibrous concrete. Izvestiya
Vuzov. Stroitel’stvo. 2010. No. 11–12, pp. 17–20. (In Russian).
10. Golukov S.A. Modification of tile adhesives particulate poly
meric powders VINNAPAS. Stroitel’nie Materialy [Cons
truction Materials]. 2004. No. 3, pp. 47–49. (In Russian).
G.I. BERDOV1, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering); M.A. ELESIN2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com),
2, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
1 Novosibirsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (113, Leningradskaya Street, Novosibirsk, 630008, Russian Federation)
2 Norilsk Industrial Institute (7, 50 Let Oktyabrya, Norilsk, 663310, Russian Federation)
Cellular Slag Portland-Cement Concrete with Lime-Sulfur Sealing Compound
The use of the lime-sulfur sealing compound facilitates activation of slag Portland-cement when producing the cellular concrete of non-autoclaved hardening with aluminum powder or
hydrazine. When the aluminum powder is used as a gas developing agent, the high speed of strength gain by 30–40% is determined by the formation of a fast crystallizing phase –
thiosulfate-containing hydroaluminates. The introduction of this sealing compound in combination with 1,4% of hydrazine ensures the improvement of strength by 50–70% and the
strength-density ration from 0,8–0,9 up to 1,2–1,29 in comparison with haydite concrete mixed with water. Relatively higher technical indicators in experiments with the use hydrazine
are due to the full recovery of ion Fe(II) in the iron hydroxide and increase in its concentration in the hardening mass which, in turn, facilitates the fullness of recrystallization of primary
Keywords: cellular concrete, slag Portland-cement, lime-sulfur sealing compound, hydrazine, gas developing agent.
1. Sakharov G.P., Skorikov E.P. Non-autoclave energy ef
ficient porobeton natural hardening. Izvestiya vuzov.
Stroitel’stvo. 2005. No. 7, pp. 49–54. (In Russian).
2. Leont’ev E.N., Kokovin O.A. On the issue of non-auto
claved cellular concrete. Tekhnologiya betonov. 2007. No.
5, pp. 50–52. (In Russian).
3. Aminev G.G. Low-cement not autoclave cellular con
crete. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2005. No. 12, pp. 50–51. (In Russian).
4. Salimgareev F.M., Naiman A.N. New approach to
manufacturing techniques of wall blocks from cellular
concrete. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials].
2002. No. 3, pp. 12–13. (In Russian).
5. Trambovskii V.P. Cellular concrete in modern construction.
Tekhnologiya betonov. 2007. No. 2, pp. 30–31. (In Russian).
6. Ezhov V.B. Traditional material on service of modern
construction. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2002. No. 4, pp. 24–25. (In Russian).
7. Elesin M.A. Studying of kinetics of dissolution of sulfur in
calcium hydroxide. Zhurnal prikladnoi khimii. 1996. Vol.
69, No. 7, pp. 1069–1072. (In Russian).
8. Elesin M.A. Pavlov A.V., Berdov G.I., Mashkin N.A. Research
of the mechanism of hydration transformation of a Portland
cement in calcium polysulfide solution. Zhurnal prikladnoi
khimii. 2002. Vol.75, No. 6, pp. 903–907. (In Russian).
9. Nizamutdinov A.R., Umnova E.V., Botvin’eva I.P.,
Elesin M.A. Influence of the concentration of sulfur in
highly mineralized a mixing liquid on rheological proper
ties and setting times of the concrete mixtures. Perspektivy
nauki. 2012. No. 10 (37), pp. 53–57. (In Russian).
10. Mashkin N.A. Elesin M.A., Nizamutdinov A.R.,
Botvin’eva I.P. Hydrochemical modifying of concrete
mixes dilution in lime and sulfur liquor. Izvestiya vuzov.
Stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 6, pp. 16–21. (In Russian).
11. Moskalenko I.G., Elesin M.A. Gas concrete from metal
lurgy by-products. Collection of scientific works “Resources,
Technologies, Market of Construction Materials”. Penza:
PGUAiS. 2006. pp. 28–30. (In Russian).
M.A. KALITINA1, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (email@example.com), A.V. KAZ’MINA1, Candidate of Sciences (Pedagogy),
2, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), T.A. MAZIKOVA2
1 Russian State Social University ( 4, building 1, Wilhelm Pieck Street, 129226, Moscow, Russian Federation)
2 Peter the Great Military Academy of Strategic Rocket Forces (9, Kitaygorodskiy proezd Moscow, 109074, Russian Federation)
Choice of Solution for Capturing and Utilizing Dust Emissions
Characteristics of filtering materials made of metallic fabrics, metal-ceramic foil, metal fiber felt, polyether fabric with MikroTEX PTFE membrane, perforated metal foil for dust capturing
at producing building materials have been studied. Results of the study of hydraulic and filtration properties of filtering materials are presented; efficiency of their dynamic regeneration
is determined. The calculated dependences for assessing and forecasting the most important operation parameters of filters are obtained. Advantages and disadvantages of filtering
materials are considered; the expediency of using metal-ceramic foil to clean emissions from dust is substantiated.
Keywords: ecology, dust capturing, filtering material, hydraulic resistance, regenerating ability.
1. Tshovrebov E.S., Velichko E.G. Environmental protec
tion and health of the person in the process of the circula
tion of building materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction materiаls]. 2014. No. 5, pp. 99–100.
2. Krasovitsky Yu.V., Lobacheva N.N., Romanyuk E.V.,
Piglovsky N.V., Galiakmetovh R.F. Features of opera
tion of dust catchers at manufacture of building materials.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materiаls]. 2011.
No. 2, pp. 63–65. (In Russian).
3. Krasovitsky Yu.V., Panov S. Yu., Romanyuk E.V.,
Gasanov Z.S., Makarova Yu.I., Manukovskaya V.P.
Rational measurement of humidity, temperature and air
inflows in dust-gas ducts in the course of building materi
als production. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
materiаls]. 2012. No. 1, pp. 22–24. (In Russian).
4. Krasovitsky Yu.V., Panov S. Yu., Romanyuk E.V.,
Arkhangelskaya E.V., Gasanov Z.S. Coagulation of the dis
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construction materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
materiаls]. 2012. No. 4, pp. 66–68. (In Russian).
5. Sergina N.M., Azarov D.V., Gladkov E.V. System of in
ertial dust catching in construction materials industry.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction materiаls]. 2013.
No. 2, pp. 86–89. (In Russian).
6. Voronin S. A., Katsnelson B. A., Seleznyova E.A.
Organization fractional air pollution monitoring sus-
pended particles in Russia. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2007.
No. 3, pp. 60–63. (In Russian).
7. Friedland S. V. Promyshlennaya ekologiya. Osnovy in
zhenernykh raschetov [Industrial ecology. Fundamentals
of engineering calculations]. M: Kolos. 2008. 176 p.
Influence of Fine-Disperse Screenings of Expanded Clay Crushing on Structure and Properties of Stone Mastic Asphalt Concrete
The influence of various highly porous mineral fillers on the properties and sorption activity of asphaltic binders and asphalt concretes based on them was analyzed. The application of
fine-disperse screenings of expanded clay crushing as a stabilizing additive to the stone mastic asphalt (SMA) makes it possible to significantly reduce the rate of bitumen draining into
the stone mastic asphalt concrete mix (SMAM), improve mechanical properties, heat resistance, and water resistance of the material. As a result, laboratory studies have established the
improvement of crack resistance, frost resistance and shear stability of SMA modified with high-disperse screenings of expanded clay crushing due to the change in the asphalt binder
structure and reduction of temperature stresses in the coating material. It is shown that the inclusion of powder porous material additives into the composition of SMAM improves the
structural and mechanical properties of SMA. It was established experimentally that the modification of stone mastic asphalt concretes with finely dispersed porous materials can signifi
cantly improve the durability of SMA.
Keywords: stone mastic asphalt, highly dispersed screenings, expanded clay crushing, stabilizing additive, road surfacing.
Yu.G. BORISENKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), O.A. BORISENKO, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering),
S.O. KAZARYAN, Engineer (email@example.com), M.Ch. IONOV, Candidate of Sciences (Economics)
North-Caucasus Federal University (2, Kulakova Street, 355028, Stavropol, Russian Federation)
1. Vysotskaya M.A., Kuznetsov D.K., Barabash D.E. Features
of structure bitumen-mineral compositions with the use of
porous materials. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction
Materials]. 2014. No. 1–2, pp. 68–71. (In Russian).
2. Vysotskaya M.A., Kuznetsov D.K., Fedorov M.U.
Assessment of quality of bituminous composites using
porous fillers. Dorogi i mosty. 2012. No. 27, pp. 241–250.
3. Svintitskih L.E., Shabanov T.N., Klyus A.A., Agei
kin V.N. Effect of dispersion on the properties of exfoli
ated vermiculite asphalt binder and asphalt concrete.
Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2004.
No. 9, pp. 32–33. (In Russian).
4. Inozemcev S.S., Korolev E.V. Selecting a mineral carrier
nanosized additives for asphalt concrete. Vestnik MGSU.
2014. No. 3, pp. 158–167. (In Russian).
5. Soldatov A.A., Borisenko J.G. The surface structure of
porous powders based on expanded clay crushing screen
ings and their adsorption activity. Stroitel’nye Materialy
[Construction Materials]. 2011. No. 6, pp. 36–38.
6. Kalgin Y.I. Dorozhnye bitumomineral’nye materialy na
osnove modifitsirovannykh bitumov [Road bituminous
materials based on modified bitumen]. Voronezh:
Voronezh State University Press. 2006. 272 p.
T.A. DROZDYUK, Engineer (firstname.lastname@example.org), A.M. AIZENSHTADT, Doctor of Sciences (Chemistry) (email@example.com),
A.S. TUTYGIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), M.A. FROLOVA, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry)
Northern (Arctic) Federal University (NAFU) named after M.V. Lomonosov (22, Severnaya Dvina Embankment, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation)
Inorganic Binding Agents for Mineral Wool Heat Insulation
The possibility of replacing the phenol-formaldehyde resins by mineral binders for producing the mineral wool heat insulation is considered. As a mineral binder, it is proposed to use
the saponite-containing material (SCM) extracted by the method of electrolytic coagulation from the pulp of the tailing damp of industrial ore-dressing of the Lomonosov Diamond
Deposit (Arkhangelsk Oblast). Optimal regimes of mechanical activation of SCM at the planetary ball mill PM-100 for manufacturing the binder for mineral wool heat insulating materials
have been selected. The assessment of binding properties of SCM was made by calorimetric investigations, which showed that the specific enthalpy of SCM hydration is comparable
with the value of hydration heat of the main clinker mineral (dicalcium silicate). The tests of prototypes of mineral wool heat insulation with the mineral binder show that they have good
heat insulation property and are not destroyed under the effect of high temperature, at that, this material is environmentally friendly.
Keywords: mineral binder, mineral wool heat insulation, saponite, environmental friendliness, heat insulation, energy efficiency.
1. Gorlov Yu. P. Tekhnologiya teploizolyatsionnykh i akus
ticheskikh materialov i izdelii [Technology of thermal
insulation and acoustic materials and products]. Moscow:
Vysshaya shkola. 1989. 384 p.
2. Kardashov D. A. Sinteticheskiye klei [Synthetic adhe
sives]. Moscow: Chemistry. 1976. 504 p.
3. Tutygin A.S., Aisenstadt M.A., Aisenstadt A.M.,
Makhova T.A. Influence of the nature of the electrolyte in
the coagulation process saponite-containing slurry.
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4. Korshunov A. A. Geo-ecological study of storage and use
of tailings kimberlite ores (for example, diamond deposits
named after Lomonosov). Cand. Diss. (Engineering).
Arkhangelsk. 2010. 125 p. (In Russian).
5. Abramovskaya I.R., Aisenstadt A.M., Lesovik V.S.,
Veshnyakova L.A., Frolova M.A., Kazlitin S.A.
Calculation of energy consumption rocks – as raw mate
rial for the production of building materials.
Promyshlennoye i grazhdanskoye stroitel’stvo. 2012.
No. 10, pp. 23–25. (In Russian).
6. Lesovik V.S. Povysheniye effektivnosti proizvodstva
stroitel’nykh materialov s uchetom genezisa [Improving
the efficiency of the production of building materials with
regard to the genesis]. Moscow: ASV. 2006. 526 p.
7. Glaser A.M. Amorphous and nanocrystalline structures:
similarities, differences, mutual transitions. Rossiiskii khi
micheskii zhurnal. 2002. Vol. XLVI. No. 5, pp. 57–63.
8. Strokova V.V., Cherevatova A.V., Zhernovski I.V.,
Voitovych E.V. Peculiarities of phase formation in a com
posite nanostructured gypsum binder. Stroitel’nye
Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 7,
pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
9. Rakhimbaev I.Sh. Dependence of the strength of the ce
ment matrix of concrete hydration heat. Cand. Diss.
(Engineering). Belgorod. 2012. 133 p. (In Russian).
V.A.LOTOV, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), V.A. KUTUGIN, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) (firstname.lastname@example.org), Tomsk Polytechnic University (30,av.
Lenin, Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation)
Use of Thermal Porization of Mixtures When Obtaining Plates from Exfoliated Vermiculite
A method of manufacturing plates from exfoliated vermiculite and liquid sodium glass, when thermal porization of mixture in a closed volume is offered. As a result of the implementa
tion of this method in the product matrix of sodium silicate foam is formed by ligaments, internal particles of exfoliated vermiculite. Products obtained by the developed technology is
significantly lighter and stronger, and the manufacturing process shorter.
Keywords: exfoliated vermiculite, vermiculite plates technology, fire-resistant insulation materials
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production of refractory heat-insulating materials.
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tovleniya ognezashchitnogo konstruktsionno-otdelochno
go materiala [The composition of feed mixture and
method of making fire-retardant construction-
finishing material]. Gorshkov N.I., Katkova E.N.,
Yanko E.A. Declared 03.05.2000 Published 27.06.2001
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leniya teploizolyatsionnykh plit [The composition of feed
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Yu.N. Declared 16.07.1998. Published 27.02.1999
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structure of foam silicates based on liquid-glass com
positioins. Steklo i keramika. 2008. No. 1, pp. 6–10.
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2012. Vol. 1, pp. 244–247. (In Russian).
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materiala i shikhta dlya ego izgotovleniya [A method of
producing foamed material and mixture for its manu
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24.01.2013, Published 20.06.2014. Bulletin No. 17.